Japan, officially Nippon (日本) is an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies to the east of China, Korea and Russia. The characters that make up Japan's name mean "sun-origin", which is why Japan is sometimes identified as the "Land of the Rising Sun".
Japan comprises over 3,000 islands, the largest of which are Honshū, Hokkaidō, Kyūshū and Shikoku. Most of the islands are mountainous, many volcanic; for example, Japan’s highest peak, Mount Fuji, is a volcano. Japan has the world's tenth largest population, with about 128 million people. The Greater Tokyo Area, which includes the capital city of Tokyo and several surrounding prefectures, is the largest metropolitan area in the world, with over 30 million residents.
Influence from the outside world followed by long periods of isolation has characterized Japan's history. Since adopting its constitution in 1947, Japan has maintained a unitary constitutional monarchy with an emperor and an elected parliament, the Diet.
A major economic power, Japan has the world's third largest economy by nominal GDP. It is a member of the United Nations, G8, G4, OECD and APEC, with the world's fifth largest defense budget. It is also the world's fourth largest exporter and sixth largest importer and a world leader in technology and machinery.
, also known as The Long Patrol or Carlson's long patrol, was an operation by the 2nd Marine Raider Battalion
under the command of Evans Carlson
during the Guadalcanal Campaign
against the Imperial Japanese Army
from November 6 to December 4, 1942. In the operation, the 2nd Raiders attacked forces under the command of Toshinari Shōji
, which were escaping
from an attempted encirclement in the Koli Point area on Guadalcanal
and attempting to rejoin other Japanese army units on the opposite side of the U.S. Lunga perimeter. In a series of small unit engagements over 29 days, the 2nd Raiders killed almost 500 Japanese soldiers while suffering only 16 killed. The raiders also captured a Japanese artillery cannon that was delivering harassing gunfire on Henderson Field
, the Allied
airfield at Lunga Point on Guadalcanal. On August 7, 1942, Allied forces (primarily US Marines
) landed on Guadalcanal, Tulagi
, and Florida Islands
in the Solomon Islands
. Their mission was to deny the Japanese use of the islands as bases
for threatening the supply
routes between the U.S. and Australia
, and to secure the islands as starting points for a campaign
to isolate the major Japanese base at Rabaul
while also supporting the Allied New Guinea campaign
. The landings initiated the six-month-long Guadalcanal Campaign
. The Japanese were taken by surprise, and by nightfall on August 8 the 11,000 Allied troops, under the command of Lieutenant General
Alexander Vandegrift, secured Tulagi
and nearby small islands as well as an airfield under construction at Lunga Point on Guadalcanal.
A map of Nagasaki, Japan depicting the city before and after the atomic bombing of August 9, 1945. The radius of total destruction was about 1.6 km (1 mile), followed by fires across the northern portion of the city to 3.2 km (2 miles) south of the bomb.
On this day...
- 1897 - Kyoto University is founded.
- 1963 - "Sukiyaki" (I Look Up As I Walk) became a big hit. It made 100 million copies. Kyu Sakamoto sings "Sukiyaki which topped 100 million copies in record sales in the United States. It shines to a gold disc. In addition, in Billborad on July 15, it ranked number one in the charts.
- 1965 - The Japan-South Korea Basic Treaty is signed. It was signed in Tokyo. Like the disabled, the Japan and South Korea annexation treaty is confirmed.
- 1976 - The first arrests exits in the Lockheed bribery scandals.
- 1980 - The first double election is carried out.
- 1992 - The Bone Marrow Bank patient registration starts.
—Chuichi Nagumo, admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy
I have lived in the United States and I know the might of their industrial complex. The United States is a sleeping giant and I am afraid that our attack has awakened it.
Paul Nobuo Tatsuguchi
, sometimes mistakenly referred to as Nebu Tatsuguchi, was a surgeon
in the Imperial Japanese Army
(IJA) during World War II
. He was killed during the Battle of Attu
on Attu Island
on May 30, 1943. A devout Seventh-day Adventist
, Tatsuguchi studied medicine and was licensed as a physician
in the United States (US). He returned to his native Japan
to practice medicine at the Tokyo
, where he received further medical training. In 1941, he was ordered to cease his medical practice and conscripted into the IJA as an acting medical officer. In late 1942 or early 1943, Tatsuguchi was sent to Attu, which had been occupied by Japanese forces in October 1942. The United States Army
landed on the island on May 11, 1943, intending to retake the island from the Japanese. Throughout the resulting battle, Tatsuguchi kept a diary in which he recorded the events of the battle and his struggle to care for the wounded in his field hospital. He was killed on the battle's final day after the remaining Japanese conducted one last, suicidal charge against the American forces.
In the news
March 7: 9 people die in a helicopter crash in Nagano.
Did you know...
These are all of the Japan-related portals on Wikipedia:
Coordinates: 36°30′N 139°00′E / 36.5°N 139°E