The Hong Kong Museum of Coastal Defence is a museum in Hong Kong, located at Lei Yue Mun near Shau Kei Wan on Hong Kong Island. The total area of the museum is 34,200 square metres. An exhibition entitled "600 years of Coastal Defence" is held permanently in the museum. The museum was built as a fort by the British in 1887. It was originally built for coastal defence, especially for the east Victoria Harbour, but nowadays it is an exhibition centre. Inside there are castle, defence basement, military vehicle and gun display etc.
The Museum, which consists of three main areas, namely the Reception area, the Redoubt, and the Historical Trail, is converted from the hundred-year-old Lei Yue Mun Fort. Its historical structure has an extensive outdoor area with unique architectural design, a strong tensile structure with other traditional building material, which provides a comfort and historical feeling for visitors.
The casemates inside the Redoubt were converted into exhibition galleries for permanent displays on the history of Hong Kong's Coastal Defence covering the Ming and Qing period, the British period, the Japanese invasion and the period after the resumption of Chinese sovereignty over Hong Kong.
Sir Donald Tsang Yam-kuen (born 7 October 1944) was the Chief Executive and Head of Government of Hong Kong until his successor Leung Chun-ying took office on 1 July 2012.
Often referred as "Bow-Tie Tsang" due to his preference of wearing a bow tie, he assumed the office of Chief Executive of Hong Kong since 2005. Tsang began his civil servant career in 1967, held various positions in finance and trade in the Hong Kong Civil Service, and was appointed Financial Secretary of Hong Kong in 1995, becoming the first ethnic Chinese to hold the position under British administration. He remained in that position after the transfer of the sovereignty of Hong Kong before being appointed Chief Secretary for Administration after the resignation of Anson Chan. Known for his flamboyant style, Tsang won praise for his handling of the Hong Kong economy both as Chief Executive in the mid-2000s and as Financial Secretary in the late 1990s, but came under intense pressure to push for democratic reforms and ended his term under a barrage of criticism for accepting favours from tycoons and overspending on official trips.