Maligayang pagdating / Welcome to the Philippines Portal
(; Philippines Filipino: Pilipinas or [ˌpɪlɪˈpinɐs] Filipinas ), officially the [fɪlɪˈpinɐs] Republic of the Philippines ( Filipino: Republika ng Pilipinas), is an archipelagic country in Southeast Asia. Situated in the western Pacific Ocean, it consists of about 7,641 islands that are broadly categorized under three main geographical divisions from north to south: Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao. The capital city of the Philippines is Manila and the most populous city is Quezon City, both within the single urban area of Metro Manila. Bounded by the South China Sea on the west, the Philippine Sea on the east and the Celebes Sea on the southwest, the Philippines shares maritime borders with Taiwan to the north, Japan to the northeast, Palau to the east, Indonesia to the south, Malaysia and Brunei to the southwest, Vietnam to the west, and China to the northwest.
The Philippines' location on the Pacific
Ring of Fire and close to the equator makes the country prone to earthquakes and typhoons, but also endows it with abundant natural resources and some of the world's greatest biodiversity. The Philippines is the world's fifth-largest island country with an area of 300,000 km 2 (120,000 sq mi). As of 2015, it had a population of at least 100 million. , it is the eighth-most populated country in Asia and the 13th-most populated country in the world. Approximately 10 million additional Filipinos lived overseas as of 2013, comprising one of the world's largest diasporas. Multiple ethnicities and cultures are found throughout the islands. In prehistoric times, Negritos were some of the archipelago's earliest inhabitants. They were followed by successive waves of Austronesian peoples. Exchanges with Malay, Indian, Arab and Chinese nations occurred. Subsequently, various competing maritime states were established under the rule of datus, rajahs, sultans and lakans.
The arrival of
Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer leading a fleet for the Spanish, marked the beginning of Hispanic colonization. In 1543, Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos named the archipelago in honor of Las Islas Filipinas Philip II of Spain. In 1565, the first Hispanic settlement in the archipelago was established, and the Philippines became part of the Spanish Empire for more than 300 years. During this time, Catholicism became the dominant religion, and Manila became the western hub of the trans-Pacific trade. In 1896 the Philippine Revolution began, which then became entwined with the 1898 Spanish–American War. Spain ceded the territory to the United States, while Filipino rebels declared the First Philippine Republic. The ensuing Philippine–American War ended with the United States establishing control over the territory, which they maintained until the Japanese invasion of the islands during World War II. Following liberation, the Philippines became an independent country in 1946. Since then, the unitary sovereign state has often had a tumultuous experience with democracy, which included the overthrow of a dictatorship by the People Power Revolution.
The Philippines is a founding member of the United Nations,
World Trade Organization, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum, and the East Asia Summit. The Philippines is considered to be an emerging market and a newly industrialized country, which has an economy transitioning from being based on agriculture to being based more on services and manufacturing.
Selected article -
Major physiographic elements of the Philippine Mobile Belt
is a complex portion of the tectonic boundary between the Philippine Mobile Belt Eurasian Plate and the Philippine Sea Plate, comprising most of the country of the Philippines. It includes two subduction zones, the Manila Trench to the west and the Philippine Trench to the east, as well as the Philippine Fault System. Within the Belt, a number of crustal blocks or microplates which have been shorn off the adjoining major plates are undergoing massive deformation.
Most segments of the
, including northern
, are part of the Philippine Mobile Belt, which is bounded by the
Philippine Sea Plate
to the east, the
Molucca Sea Collision Zone
to the south,
to the southwest, and the South China Sea Basin to the west and north-west. To the north it ends in eastern
, the zone of active collision between the
North Luzon Trough
portion of the
Luzon Volcanic Arc
and South China. The Philippine Mobile Belt has also been called the
Did you know - Selected picture
, Philippines: a view of Banaue Municipal Town
A map of the Philippines showing the location of all the regions and provinces
Selected biography -
Whang-od tattooing on June 30, 2016
( Whang-od Oggay First name pronunciation: ; born February 17, 1917), also known as [ˈɸɐŋ.ˈʔɘd] Maria Oggay, is a Filipino tattoo artist from Buscalan, Tinglayan, Kalinga, Philippines. She is often described as the "last" and oldest mambabatok (traditional Kalinga tattooist) and is part of the Butbut people of the larger Kalinga ethnic group.
She has been tattooing
and women of the indigenous people of Butbut in Buscalan, Kalinga, since she was 15 years old, but the Butbut warriors who used to earn tattoos through protecting villages or killing enemies no longer exist. Despite that, Whang-od continues to apply her traditional art form to tourists visiting Buscalan.
Read more... General images
The following are images from various Philippines-related articles on Wikipedia.
An early flag of the Filipino revolutionaries.
Docking station and entrance to the
Tabon Cave Complex Site in Palawan, where one of the oldest human remains was located.
(Christmas lanterns) being sold during the Christmas season
A map of the territories under the Viceroyalty of New Spain.
is a traditional Filipino colonial house. Merging native Austronesian, East Asian and Spanish elements, Philippine architecture is the style of most of clan Bahay na bato ancestral homes.
A performer depicting a
Manila, Philippines, ca.1900s
Fort Santiago Postern of Our Lady of Solitude, Manila, through which on October 5, 1762, Lieutenant Governor Simón de Anda y Salazar escaped the British bombardment during the conquest of Manila.
The leaders of the
SEATO nations in front of the Congress Building in Manila, hosted by Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos on October 24, 1966. (L-R:) Prime Minister Nguyen Cao Ky (South Vietnam), Prime Minister Harold Holt (Australia), President Park Chung-hee (South Korea), President Ferdinand Marcos (Philippines), Prime Minister Keith Holyoake (New Zealand), Lt. Gen. Nguyễn Văn Thiệu (South Vietnam), Prime Minister Thanom Kittikachorn (Thailand), President Lyndon B. Johnson (United States)
is a noodle soup made with pork organs, crushed pork cracklings, chicken stock and beef loin.
La Paz Batchoy
Manuel Luis Quezon, (center), with representatives from the Philippine Independence Mission
Metal lingling-o earrings from
Ifugao/Igorot people utilized wet-rice terrace farming in the steep mountainous regions of northern Philippines about 400 years ago to avoid Spanish conquest in the lowlands.
The sketch of the
Plaza de Roma Manila by Fernando Brambila, a member of the Malaspina Expedition during their stop in Manila in 1792.
American troops guarding the bridge over the River Pasig on the afternoon of the surrender. From
Harper's Pictorial History of the War with Spain, Vol. II, published by Harper and Brothers in 1899.
A late 17th-century manuscript by Gaspar de San Agustin from the
Archive of the Indies, depicting López de Legazpi's conquest of the Philippines
A statue showing the traditional
gesture, which is a sign of respect to the elderly and request a blessing from them.
Colonial houses of the Philippines
Japanese Army Tankettes in Manila, Philippines 1942
Laguna Copperplate Inscription, c. 900 CE. The oldest known historical record found in the Philippines, which indirectly refers to the polity of Tondo
Filipino casualties on the first day of war
Sungka, a traditional Filipino game.
kut-kut art from Samar.
Tranvia in Manila during American Era
, a typical Filipino urban house during the colonial era
Bahay na bato
1898 political cartoon showing U.S. President
McKinley with a native child. Here, returning the Philippines to Spain is compared to throwing the child off a cliff.
The official flag of the Royal Sultanate of Sulu under the guidance of Ampun Sultan
Muedzul Lail Tan Kiram of Sulu.
Piloncitos, a type of gold nugget with Baybayin Ma characters which could be a symbol for the nation of Ma-i. Used as one of the early currencies along with gold rings
Itneg shaman offering pigs to anito spirits, 1922.
President Emilio Aguinaldo boarding the
USS Vicksburg after his capture by American forces.
Flag of the United States, 1896–1908.
Old Spanish Chart of the Philippine Islands
The Flag of the United States of America is lowered while the Flag of the Philippines is raised during the Independence Day ceremonies on July 4, 1946
Colonel Nobuhiko Jimbo and Manuel Roxas began and ended the conflict on opposite sides.
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Sources Other Philippines-connected Wikipedias
Wikipedias in Philippine languages
Wikibooks in Philippine languages
Wiktionaries in Philippine languages
Philippine Wikipedias (Incubator Status)
Philippine Wikimedia (Incubator Status)