Maligayang pagdating / Welcome to the Philippines Portal
(; Philippines Filipino: Pilipinas or [ˌpɪlɪˈpinɐs] Filipinas ), officially the [fɪlɪˈpinɐs] Republic of the Philippines ( Filipino: Republika ng Pilipinas), is an archipelagic country in Southeast Asia. It is situated in the western Pacific Ocean, and consists of about 7,640 islands, that are broadly categorized under three main geographical divisions from north to south: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. The Philippines is bounded by the South China Sea to the west, the Philippine Sea to the east, and the Celebes Sea to the southwest, and shares maritime borders with Taiwan to the north, Japan to the northeast, Palau to the east and southeast, Indonesia to the south, Malaysia and Brunei to the southwest, Vietnam to the west, and China to the northwest. The Philippines covers an area of 300,000 km 2 (120,000 sq mi) and, , had a population of around 109 million people, making it the world's twelfth-most populous country. The Philippines is a multinational state, with diverse ethnicities and cultures throughout its islands. Manila is the nation's capital, while the largest city is Quezon City, both lying within the urban area of Metro Manila.
Negritos, some of the archipelago's earliest inhabitants, were followed by successive waves of Austronesian peoples. The arrival of Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer leading a fleet for Spain, marked the beginning of Spanish colonization. In 1543, Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos named the archipelago in honor of Las Islas Filipinas Philip II of Spain. Spanish settlement, beginning in 1565, led to the Philippines becoming part of the Spanish Empire for more than 300 years. During this time, Catholicism became the dominant religion, and Manila became the western hub of trans-Pacific trade. In 1896, the Philippine Revolution began, which then became entwined with the 1898 Spanish–American War. Spain ceded the territory to the United States, while Filipino rebels declared the First Philippine Republic. The ensuing Philippine–American War ended with the United States establishing control over the territory, which they maintained until the Japanese invasion of the islands during World War II. Following liberation, the Philippines became independent in 1946. Since then, the unitary sovereign state has often had a tumultuous experience with democracy, which included the overthrow of a dictatorship by the People Power Revolution.
It is considered to be an
emerging market and a newly industrialized country, which has an economy transitioning from being based on agriculture to being based more on services and manufacturing. The Philippines is a founding member of the United Nations, World Trade Organization, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum, and the East Asia Summit. The Philippines' position as an island country on the Pacific Ring of Fire and close to the equator makes the country prone to earthquakes and typhoons. The country has a variety of natural resources and a globally significant level of biodiversity. This low-lying island geography makes the country vulnerable to climate change, increasing risk from typhoons and sea level rise. ( )
Selected article -
Did you know - Selected picture
A map of the Philippines showing the location of all the regions and provinces
, Philippines: a view of Banaue Municipal Town
Selected biography - General images
The following are images from various Philippines-related articles on Wikipedia.
Japanese Army Tankettes in Manila, Philippines 1942
gesture, which is a sign of respect to the elderly and request a blessing from them.
A statue showing the traditional
Harper's Pictorial History of the War with Spain, Vol. II, published by Harper and Brothers in 1899.
American troops guarding the bridge over the River Pasig on the afternoon of the surrender. From
An early flag of the Filipino revolutionaries.
Piloncitos, a type of gold nugget with Baybayin Ma characters which could be a symbol for the nation of Ma-i. Used as one of the early currencies along with gold rings
Itneg shaman offering pigs to anito spirits, 1922.
Tranvia in Manila during American Era
is a noodle soup made with pork organs, crushed pork cracklings, chicken stock and beef loin.
La Paz Batchoy
The Flag of the United States of America is lowered while the Flag of the Philippines is raised during the Independence Day ceremonies on July 4, 1946
Metal lingling-o earrings from
A performer depicting a
Manila, Philippines, ca.1900s
Laguna Copperplate Inscription, c. 900 CE. The oldest known historical record found in the Philippines, which indirectly refers to the polity of Tondo
USS Vicksburg after his capture by American forces.
President Emilio Aguinaldo boarding the
1734 Spanish Chart of the Philippine Islands
, a typical Filipino urban house during the colonial era
Bahay na bato
Daniel Burnham's urban planning of the city and its government buildings was part of the City Beautiful Movement and in the style of Neoclassical architecture, with Burnham saying Manila had "the bay of Naples, the winding river of Paris, and the canals of Venice". It produced examples such as the Manila Central Post Office and Jones Bridge, circa 1930s.
With Manila's Filipino-Hispanic roots,
SEATO nations in front of the Congress Building in Manila, hosted by Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos on October 24, 1966. (L-R:) Prime Minister Nguyen Cao Ky (South Vietnam), Prime Minister Harold Holt (Australia), President Park Chung-hee (South Korea), President Ferdinand Marcos (Philippines), Prime Minister Keith Holyoake (New Zealand), Lt. Gen. Nguyễn Văn Thiệu (South Vietnam), Prime Minister Thanom Kittikachorn (Thailand), President Lyndon B. Johnson (United States)
The leaders of the
Sungka, a traditional Filipino game.
Plaza de Roma Manila by Fernando Brambila, a member of the Malaspina Expedition during their stop in Manila in 1792.
The sketch of the
McKinley with a native child. Here, returning the Philippines to Spain is compared to throwing the child off a cliff.
1898 political cartoon showing U.S. President
kut-kut art from Samar.
Muedzul Lail Tan Kiram of Sulu.
The official flag of the Royal Sultanate of Sulu under the guidance of Ampun Sultan
Archive of the Indies, depicting López de Legazpi's conquest of the Philippines
A late 17th-century manuscript by Gaspar de San Agustin from the
Tabon Cave Complex Site in Palawan, where one of the oldest human remains was located.
Docking station and entrance to the
Filipino casualties on the first day of war
Ifugao/Igorot people utilized wet-rice terrace farming in the steep mountainous regions of northern Philippines about 400 years ago to avoid Spanish conquest in the lowlands.
Colonel Nobuhiko Jimbo and Manuel Roxas began and ended the conflict on opposite sides.
Colonial houses of the Philippines
A map of the territories under the Viceroyalty of New Spain.
(Christmas lanterns) being sold during the Christmas season
Manuel Luis Quezon, (center), with representatives from the Philippine Independence Mission
Fort Santiago Postern of Our Lady of Solitude, Manila, through which on October 5, 1762, Lieutenant Governor Simón de Anda y Salazar escaped the British bombardment during the conquest of Manila.
In the news
Things you can do
Select [►] to view subcategories
Sources Other Philippines-connected Wikipedias
Wikipedias in Philippine languages
Wikibooks in Philippine languages
Wiktionaries in Philippine languages
Philippine Wikipedias (Incubator Status)
Philippine Wikimedia (Incubator Status)