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Portal:Philippines

Introduction

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The Philippines (/ˈfɪləpnz/ (About this soundlisten) FIL-ə-peenz; Filipino: Pilipinas [ˌpɪlɪˈpinɐs] or Filipinas [ˌfɪlɪˈpinɐs]), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Filipino: Republika ng Pilipinas), is an archipelagic country in Southeast Asia. Situated in the western Pacific Ocean, it consists of about 7,641 islands that are categorized broadly under three main geographical divisions from north to south: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. The capital city of the Philippines is Manila and the most populous city is Quezon City, both part of Metro Manila. Bounded by the South China Sea on the west, the Philippine Sea on the east and the Celebes Sea on the southwest, the Philippines shares maritime borders with Taiwan to the north, Vietnam to the west, Palau to the east and Malaysia and Indonesia to the south.

The Philippines' location on the Pacific Ring of Fire and close to the equator makes the Philippines prone to earthquakes and typhoons, but also endows it with abundant natural resources and some of the world's greatest biodiversity. The Philippines has an area of 300,000 km2 (120,000 sq mi), according to the Philippines Statistical Authority and the WorldBank and, as of 2015, had a population of at least 100 million. , it is the eighth-most populated country in Asia and the 12th most populated country in the world. Approximately 10 million additional Filipinos lived overseas, comprising one of the world's largest diasporas. Multiple ethnicities and cultures are found throughout the islands. In prehistoric times, Negritos were some of the archipelago's earliest inhabitants. They were followed by successive waves of Austronesian peoples. Exchanges with Malay, Indian, Arab and Chinese nations occurred. Then, various competing maritime states were established under the rule of datus, rajahs, sultans and lakans.

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In the news

6 February 2019 – 2019 Philippines measles outbreak
The Philippines Department of Health declares a measles outbreak attributed to the drop in trust in vaccines due to the Dengvaxia controversy. (The Philippine Star)
2 February 2019 – Moro conflict
Five soldiers and three militants die in an attack that also injured several others in Patikul, Sulu, in The Philippines. (Al Jazeera)
30 January 2019 –
A grenade is lobbed in a Zamboanga mosque in the Philippines, killing two people and injuring four others. No group has claimed responsibility. (Al Jazeera)
27 January 2019 – 2019 Jolo Cathedral bombings
Two bombs at the Roman Catholic Our Lady of Mount Carmel Cathedral in Jolo, Philippines, kill 20 people, fifteen civilians and five soldiers, and injure 81 others. Abu Sayyaf is suspected to be behind the attack. (Sky News)
25 January 2019 – 2019 Bangsamoro Autonomous Region creation plebiscite
The ratification of the Bangsamoro Organic Law is proclaimed paving the way for the creation of the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in the Philippines. (Rappler)
6 January 2019 –
The death toll from a storm that devastated the Philippines shortly after Christmas rises to 126. (News24)

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