Portal:Cambodia

Coat of arms of Cambodia សូមស្វាគមន៍ / Welcome to the Cambodia Portal Angkor Wat

Topographical map of Cambodia

Cambodia (/kæmˈbdiə/ (About this soundlisten); also Kampuchea /ˌkæmpʊˈə/; Khmer: កម្ពុជា [kam.pu.ciə]; French: Cambodge), officially the Kingdom of Cambodia (Khmer: ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា, prĕəh riəciənaacak kampuciə, IPA: [prĕəh riə.ciə.naː.caʔ kam.pu.ciə]; French: Royaume du Cambodge), is a country located in the southern portion of the Indochina peninsula in Southeast Asia. It is 181,035 square kilometres (69,898 square miles) in area, bordered by Thailand to the northwest, Laos to the northeast, Vietnam to the east and the Gulf of Thailand to the southwest.

The sovereign state of Cambodia has a population of over 15 million. Buddhism is enshrined the constitution as the official state religion, and is practised by more than 97% of the population. Cambodia's minority groups include Vietnamese, Chinese, Chams and 30 hill tribes. The capital and largest city is Phnom Penh, the political, economic and cultural centre of Cambodia. The kingdom is an elective constitutional monarchy with a monarch, currently Norodom Sihamoni, chosen by the Royal Council of the Throne as head of state. The head of government is the Prime Minister, currently Hun Sen, the longest serving non-royal leader in Southeast Asia, ruling Cambodia since 1985.

In 802 AD, Jayavarman II declared himself king, uniting the warring Khmer princes of Chenla under the name "Kambuja". This marked the beginning of the Khmer Empire, which flourished for over 600 years, allowing successive kings to control and exert influence over much of Southeast Asia and accumulate immense power and wealth. The Indianised kingdom facilitated the spread of first Hinduism and then Buddhism to much of Southeast Asia and undertook many religious infrastructural projects throughout the region, including the construction of more than 1,000 temples and monuments in Angkor alone. Angkor Wat is the most famous of these structures and is designated as a World Heritage Site.

In the fifteenth century, after the rebellion of Ayutthaya, which was formerly ruled by the Khmer Empire, Cambodia experienced the decline of power. Cambodia faced two increasingly powerful neighbors, Ayutthaya of Thailand and Nguyen dynasty of Vietnam, and marking the downturn of Cambodia's fate. In 1863, Cambodia became a protectorate of France, and later was incorporated into French Indochina of Southeast Asia. Read more...

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Face towers on the upper terrace of Bayon in Angkor.

The Bayon is a temple at Angkor, Cambodia. It was built in the 13th century as the state temple of king Jayavarman VII, and stands at the centre of his capital, Angkor Thom. Its most distinctive feature is the multitude of smiling faces on the towers which rise up to its central peak. It also possesses two sets of bas-reliefs, which depict an unusual combination of mythological, historical and mundane events. The main current conservatory body, the JSA, has described the temple as "the most striking expression of the 'baroque' style", compared to the classical style of Angkor Wat.

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Recognized content

Did you know

...that Sisowath Monivong was the king of Cambodia from 1927 until his death in 1941?

...that the primary rainforest of Cambodia went from 70% in the 1970s to 3% in today's time?

...that there were 150,000 to 200,000 Muslims in Cambodia as late as 1975? Read more at Islam in Cambodia

...that King Norodom Sihamoni is one-fourth Italian?

...that the kouprey was declared the national animal of Cambodia by Norodom Sihanouk?

...that the Cambodia national football team finished fourth in the Asian Cup 1972?

...that former King Norodom Sihanouk holds the Guinness World Record for the politician who has occupied the greatest variety of political offices?

...that current Prime Minister Hun Sen started his term in 1985?

...that the Tonlé Sap supplies 60% of Cambodia's protein intake?

...that Saigon was founded by Cambodians?

Famous Cambodians

Notable Cambodians include:

Topics

History Early history of Cambodia, Funan, Chenla, Khmer Empire, Post-Angkor Period, French protectorate of Cambodia, Cambodia under Sihanouk (1954-1970), Cambodian Civil War, Democratic Kampuchea, People's Republic of Kampuchea, Modern Cambodia, Timeline of Cambodian history
Geography Tonlé Sap Lake
Government King, Prime Minister
Politics Elections, List of political parties in Cambodia (Cambodian People's Party, FUNCINPEC, Sam Rainsy Party)
Economy Riel, National Bank of Cambodia, Canadia Bank, World Bank in Cambodia
Demographics Khmer language, List of ethnic groups in Cambodia
Culture Cinema, Cuisine, Music, Public holidays
Ethnic groups Khmer, Vietnamese, Cham, Chinese, Seafarers, Khmer Loeu, Thais
Other Architecture, Buddhism, Communications, Human rights, Military, Scouting, Transportation

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Things you can do

  • Help expand articles in under the Cambodia category and under its sub-categories
  • Find Cambodia related articles and categorize them, if they aren't already, to the Cambodia category with: Category:Cambodia
  • Or, if they're stubs, add them to the Cambodia stubs category with: {{Cambodia-stub}}

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