Governorate of New Castile

The Governorate of New Castile (Gobernación de Nueva Castilla, pronounced [ɡoβeɾnaˈθjon de ˈnweβa kasˈtiʎa]) was the gubernatorial region administered to Francisco Pizarro in 1528 by King Charles I of Spain, of which he was appointed governor.

Governorate of New Castile

Gobernación de Nueva Castilla
Flag of New Castile
Spanish map of the administrative division of New Castile made in 1535
Spanish map of the administrative division of New Castile made in 1535
StatusSpanish colony
CapitalJauja 1533–1535
Lima after 1535
Common languagesOfficial: Spanish (de facto); common: Quechua, Kichwa, Aymara, Puquina.
Roman Catholicism (de facto)
• 1516–1556
Charles I
• 1528–1541
Francisco Pizarro
• 1541–1544
Cristóbal Vaca de Castro
• 1544–1548
Gonzalo Pizarro
(Self-proclaimed; unrecognized by Spanish court until death)
Historical eraSpanish empire
• Appointment of Francisco Pizarro as Viceroy of Peru
CurrencySpanish escudo
Succeeded by
Viceroyalty of Peru

The region roughly consisted of modern Peru and was, after the foundation of Lima in 1535, divided. The conquest of the Inca empire in 1531–1533, performed by Pizarro and his brothers set the basis for the territorial boundaries of New Castile.

Governorates in Peruvian regionEdit

After the territorial division of South America between Spain and Portugal, the Peruvian colonial administration was divided into four entities:

  • Governorate of New Castile, consisting of the territories from roughly the Ecuadorian-Colombian border in the north to Cuzco in the south.
  • Governorate of New Toledo, forming the previous southern half of the Inca empire, stretching towards central Chile.
  • New Andalusia Governorate, which was not formally conquered by Spain until decades later.
  • Governorate of New Léon, the southernmost part of the continent.

This territorial division set the basis for the colonial administration of South America for several decades. It was formally dissolved in 1544, when King Charles I sent his personal envoy, Blasco Núñez Vela, to govern the newly founded Viceroyalty of Peru that replaced the governorates.

See alsoEdit


Coordinates: 12°02′36″S 77°01′42″W / 12.04333°S 77.02833°W / -12.04333; -77.02833