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The following is a list of Viceroys of Peru.

Viceroy of Peru
ResidenceThe Viceroy palace
(Now the Government Palace)
AppointerThe King of Spain
Formation1528
First holderFrancisco Pizarro
Final holderPío de Tristán
Abolished23 January 1826

The viceroys of Peru ruled the Viceroyalty of Peru from 1544 to 1826 in the name of the King of Spain. The territories under de jure rule by the viceroys included in the 16th and 17th century almost all of South America except eastern Brazil.

Governors of New Castile (1528–1544)Edit

Picture Governor From Until Monarch
  Francisco Pizarro 1528 26 June 1541  
Charles I
  Cristóbal Vaca de Castro 1541 1544
  Gonzalo Pizarro
Usurper and claimant to the governorship of Peru.
Claims not definitively quelled until Battle of Jaquijahuana
1544 1548

Viceroys of Peru (1544–1826)Edit

Picture Viceroy From Until Monarch
  Blasco Núñez Vela 15 May 1544 18 January 1546  
Charles I
  Pedro de la Gasca,
Dean of the Audiencia
10 April 1547 27 January 1550
  Antonio de Mendoza,
Marquis of Mondéjar, Count of Tendilla
23 September 1551 21 July 1552
  Melchor Bravo de Saravia,
Dean of the Audiencia
July 1552 June 1556
  Andrés Hurtado de Mendoza,
3rd Marquis of Cañete
29 June 1556 30 March 1561  
Philip II
  Diego López de Zúñiga,
4th Count of Nieva
17 April 1561 20 February 1564
  Juan de Saavedra,
Dean of the Audiencia
1564 1564
  Lope García de Castro,
Dean of the Audiencia
2 September 1564 26 November 1569
  Francisco Álvarez de Toledo
26 November 1569 23 September 1581
  Martín Enríquez de Almanza 23 September 1581 13 March 1583
  Cristóbal Ramírez de Cartagena,
Dean of the Audiencia
1584 1584
  Fernando Torres de Portugal y Mesía,
1st Count of Villadompardo
31 March 1584 20 November 1589
  García Hurtado de Mendoza,
5th Marquis of Cañete
8 January 1590 24 July 1596
  Luis de Velasco,
Marquis of Salinas
24 July 1596 18 January 1604
  Gaspar de Zúñiga,
5th Count of Monterrey
18 January 1604 16 March 1606  
Philip III
  Diego Núñez de Avendaño,
Dean of the Audiencia
1607 1607
  Juan de Mendoza,
3rd Marquis of Montesclaros
21 December 1607 18 December 1615
  Francisco de Borja y Aragón,
Count of Rebolledo, Prince of Esquilache
18 December 1615 31 December 1621
  Juan Jiménez de Montalvo,
Dean of the Audiencia
31 December 1621 25 July 1622  
Philip IV
  Diego Fernández de Córdoba,
Marquis of Guadalcázar, Count of Posadas
25 July 1622 14 January 1629
  Luis Jerónimo de Cabrera,
4th Count of Chinchón
14 January 1629 18 December 1639
  Pedro de Toledo,
1st Marquis of Mancera
18 December 1639 20 September 1648
  García Sarmiento de Sotomayor,
2nd Count of Salvatierra
20 September 1648 24 February 1655
  Luis Enríquez de Guzmán,
9th Count of Alba de Liste
24 February 1655 31 December 1661
  Diego de Benavides,
8th Count of Santisteban del Puerto, 1st Marquis of Solera
31 December 1661 16 March 1666
  Bernardo de Iturriaza,
Dean of the Audiencia
March 1666 November 1667  
Charles II
  Pedro Antonio Fernández de Castro,
10th Count of Lemos
21 November 1667 6 December 1672
  Bernardo de Iturriaza,
Dean of the Audiencia
December 1672 August 1674
  Baltasar de la Cueva,
Count of Castellar
15 August 1674 7 July 1678
  Melchor Liñán y Cisneros
(Archbishop of Lima)
7 July 1678 20 November 1681
  Melchor de Navarra,
Duke of Palata
20 November 1681 15 August 1689
  Melchor Portocarrero,
3rd Count of Monclova
August 1689 1705
  Miguel Núñez de Sanabria,
Dean of the Audiencia
September 1705 May 1707  
Philip V
  Manuel de Oms,
1st Marquis of Castelldosrius
7 July 1707 22 April 1710
  Miguel Núñez de Sanabria,
Dean of the Audiencia
22 April 1710 14 September 1710
  Diego Ladrón de Guevara 14 September 1710 2 March 1716
  Mateo de la Mata Ponce de León,
Dean of the Audiencia
2 March 1716 15 August 1716
  Diego Morcillo Rubio de Auñón, O.SS.T.
(Archbishop of Lima)
15 August 1716 5 October 1716
  Carmine Caracciolo,
5th Prince of Santo Buono
5 October 1716 26 January 1720
  Diego Morcillo Rubio de Auñón, O.SS.T.
(Archbishop of Lima)
26 January 1720 14 May 1724
  José de Armendáriz,
1st Marquis of Castelfuerte
14 May 1724 4 February 1736  
Louis I
From 1700–1724, Philip V of Spain was the king; then from 1724–1746. Louis I only reigned in 1724.
  José Antonio de Mendoza,
3rd Marquis of Villagarcía
4 February 1736 15 December 1745  
Philip V
  José Manso de Velasco,
1st Count of Superunda
15 December 1745 12 October 1761  
Ferdinand VI
  Manuel de Amat y Juniet 12 October 1761 17 July 1776  
Charles III
  Manuel de Guirior 17 July 1776 21 July 1780
  Agustín de Jáuregui 21 July 1780 29 April 1784
  Teodoro de Croix 29 April 1784 25 March 1790
  Francisco Gil de Taboada 25 March 1790 6 June 1796  
Charles IV
  Ambrosio O'Higgins,
1st Marquis of Osorno
24 July 1796 19 March 1801
  Manuel Arredondo y Pelegrín,
Dean of the Audiencia
19 March 1801 5 November 1801
  Gabriel de Avilés,
2nd Marquis of Avilés
5 November 1801 20 August 1806
  José Fernando de Abascal y Sousa,
1st Marquis of La Concordia
20 August 1806 7 July 1816
  Joaquín de la Pezuela,
1st Marquis of Viluma
7 July 1816 29 January 1821  
Ferdinand VII
  José de la Serna e Hinojosa,
1st Count of los Andes
29 January 1821 9 December 1824
  Juan Pío de Tristán y Moscoso 9 December 1824 23 January 1826

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit