List of viceroys of Peru

The viceroys of Peru ruled the Viceroyalty of Peru from 1544 to 1824 in the name of the monarch of Spain. The territories under de jure rule by the viceroys included in the 16th and 17th century almost all of South America except eastern Brazil.

Viceroy of Peru
ResidenceThe Viceroy Palace
(Now the Government Palace)
AppointerThe King of Spain
Formation1528
First holderFrancisco Pizarro
Final holderPío de Tristán
Abolished30 December 1824

Governors of New Castile (1532–1544)Edit

No. Picture Governor From Until Monarch
1   Francisco Pizarro 1532 26 June 1541  
Charles I
2   Cristóbal Vaca de Castro 1541 1544
  Gonzalo Pizarro
Usurper and claimant to the governorship of Peru.
Claims not definitively quelled until Battle of Jaquijahuana
1544 1548

Viceroys of Peru (1544–1824)Edit

No. Picture Viceroy From Until Monarch
1   Blasco Núñez Vela 15 May 1544 18 January 1546  
Charles I
Int.   Pedro de la Gasca,
Dean of the Audiencia
10 April 1547 27 January 1550
2   Antonio de Mendoza,
Marquis of Mondéjar, Count of Tendilla
23 September 1551 21 July 1552
Int.   Melchor Bravo de Saravia,
Dean of the Audiencia
July 1552 June 1556
3   Andrés Hurtado de Mendoza,
3rd Marquis of Cañete
29 June 1556 30 March 1561  
Philip II
4   Diego López de Zúñiga,
4th Count of Nieva
17 April 1561 20 February 1564
Int.   Juan de Saavedra,
Dean of the Audiencia
20 February 1564 2 September 1564
int.   Lope García de Castro,
Dean of the Audiencia
2 September 1564 26 November 1569
5   Francisco Álvarez de Toledo
26 November 1569 23 September 1581
6   Martín Enríquez de Almanza 23 September 1581 13 March 1583
Int.   Cristóbal Ramírez de Cartagena,
Dean of the Audiencia
13 March 1583 31 March 1584
7   Fernando Torres de Portugal y Mesía,
1st Count of Villadompardo
31 March 1584 20 November 1589
8   García Hurtado de Mendoza,
5th Marquis of Cañete
8 January 1590 24 July 1596
9   Luis de Velasco,
Marquis of Salinas
24 July 1596 18 January 1604
10   Gaspar de Zúñiga,
5th Count of Monterrey
18 January 1604 16 March 1606  
Philip III
Int.   Diego Núñez de Avendaño,
Dean of the Audiencia
16 March 1606 21 December 1607
11   Juan de Mendoza,
3rd Marquis of Montesclaros
21 December 1607 18 December 1615
12   Francisco de Borja y Aragón,
Count of Rebolledo, Prince of Esquilache
18 December 1615 31 December 1621
Int.   Juan Jiménez de Montalvo,
Dean of the Audiencia
31 December 1621 25 July 1622  
Philip IV
13   Diego Fernández de Córdoba,
Marquis of Guadalcázar, Count of Posadas
25 July 1622 14 January 1629
14   Luis Jerónimo de Cabrera,
4th Count of Chinchón
14 January 1629 18 December 1639
15   Pedro de Toledo,
1st Marquis of Mancera
18 December 1639 20 September 1648
16   García Sarmiento de Sotomayor,
2nd Count of Salvatierra
20 September 1648 24 February 1655
17   Luis Enríquez de Guzmán,
9th Count of Alba de Liste
24 February 1655 31 December 1661
18   Diego de Benavides,
8th Count of Santisteban del Puerto, 1st Marquis of Solera
31 December 1661 16 March 1666
Int.   Bernardo de Iturriaza,
Dean of the Audiencia
March 1666 November 1667  
Charles II
19   Pedro Antonio Fernández de Castro,
10th Count of Lemos
21 November 1667 6 December 1672
Int.   Bernardo de Iturriaza,
Dean of the Audiencia
December 1672 August 1674
20   Baltasar de la Cueva,
Count of Castellar
15 August 1674 7 July 1678
21   Melchor Liñán y Cisneros
(Archbishop of Lima)
7 July 1678 20 November 1681
22   Melchor de Navarra,
Duke of Palata
20 November 1681 15 August 1689
23   Melchor Portocarrero,
3rd Count of Monclova
August 1689 September 1705
Int.   Juan Peñalosa y Benavides,
Dean of the Audiencia
September 1705 May 1707  
Philip V
24   Manuel de Oms,
1st Marquis of Castelldosrius
7 July 1707 22 April 1710
Int.   Miguel Núñez de Sanabria,
Dean of the Audiencia
22 April 1710 14 September 1710
25   Diego Ladrón de Guevara 14 September 1710 2 March 1716
Int.   Mateo de la Mata Ponce de León,
Dean of the Audiencia
2 March 1716 15 August 1716
Int.   Diego Morcillo Rubio de Auñón, O.SS.T.
(Archbishop of Lima)
15 August 1716 5 October 1716
26   Carmine Caracciolo,
5th Prince of Santo Buono
5 October 1716 26 January 1720
27   Diego Morcillo Rubio de Auñón, O.SS.T.
(Archbishop of Lima)
26 January 1720 14 May 1724
28   José de Armendáriz,
1st Marquis of Castelfuerte
14 May 1724 4 February 1736  
Louis I
From 1700–1724, Philip V of Spain was the king; then from 1724–1746. Louis I only reigned in 1724.
29   José Antonio de Mendoza,
3rd Marquis of Villagarcía
4 February 1736 15 December 1745  
Philip V
30   José Manso de Velasco,
1st Count of Superunda
15 December 1745 12 October 1761  
Ferdinand VI
31   Manuel de Amat y Juniet 12 October 1761 17 July 1776  
Charles III
32   Manuel de Guirior 17 July 1776 21 July 1780
33   Agustín de Jáuregui 21 July 1780 29 April 1784
34   Teodoro de Croix 29 April 1784 25 March 1790
35   Francisco Gil de Taboada 25 March 1790 6 June 1796  
Charles IV
36   Ambrosio O'Higgins,
1st Marquis of Osorno
24 July 1796 19 March 1801
Int.   Manuel Arredondo y Pelegrín,
Dean of the Audiencia
19 March 1801 5 November 1801
37   Gabriel de Avilés,
2nd Marquis of Avilés
5 November 1801 20 August 1806
38   José Fernando de Abascal y Sousa,
1st Marquis of La Concordia
20 August 1806 7 July 1816
39   Joaquín de la Pezuela,
1st Marquis of Viluma
7 July 1816 29 January 1821  
Ferdinand VII
40   José de la Serna e Hinojosa,
1st Count of los Andes
29 January 1821 9 December 1824
Int.   Juan Pío de Tristán y Moscoso 9 December 1824 30 December 1824[1]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Biografía Pío Tristán y Moscoso". Real Academia de la Historia. 18 December 2019. Retrieved 23 January 2019.