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APEC Papua New Guinea 2018 was the year-long hosting of Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) meetings in Papua New Guinea.[1]

APEC Papua New Guinea 2018
pn
APEC Leaders Photo - Papua New Guinea 2018.jpg
Host countryPapua New Guinea
DateNovember 17–18, 2018
Venue(s)Port Moresby
Follows2017
Precedes2019
Websitewww.apec2018png.org

It was the first time Papua New Guinea is hosting the APEC meetings.[2] Australia provided a quarter to a third of the cost to host the meetings and also helped with logistics and security (G4S). Three Cruise ships were chartered through an Australian company to cater to the some 10,000 delegates and guests.[1][3]

Many of the attendees and delegations had previously attended the 2018 East Asia Summit held from 11 November to 15 November in Singapore, hosted by the Chairperson Lee Hsien Loong, the Prime Minister of Singapore. Thereafter, many of the state leaders, including Prime Minister Lee of Singapore, flew from Singapore to Papua New Guinea.

Contents

EventsEdit

Economic Leaders' MeetingEdit

 
The APEC Haus in Port Moresby, which was built specifically for APEC 2018. The building is designed to resemble a lakatoi watercraft.

AttendeesEdit

This was the first APEC meeting for Chilean President Sebastián Piñera, Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad, and Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison, since their inaugurations on 11 March 2018, 10 May 2018, and 24 August 2018, respectively; Piñera and Mahathir had previously attended multiple APEC meetings in their first term as president and prime minister, respectively.

Five presidents did not attend the summit – Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto, Peruvian President Martín Vizcarra, Russian President Vladimir Putin, United States President Donald Trump, and Vietnamese President Nguyễn Phú Trọng.[4] Peña Nieto was represented by Mexican Under Secretary of Foreign Trade Juan Carlos Baker, while Vizcarra sent Peruvian Foreign Minister Nestor Popolizio in his place.[4] Putin was represented by former Russian President, now Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev, while Trump sent Vice President Mike Pence in his place. Nguyễn Phú Trọng was represented by Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyễn Xuân Phúc.[4]

Attendees at the
2018 APEC Economic Leaders' Meeting[citation needed]
Member economy Name as used in APEC Position Name
  Australia Australia Prime Minister Scott Morrison
  Brunei Brunei Darussalam Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah
  Canada Canada Prime Minister Justin Trudeau
  Chile Chile President Sebastián Piñera
  China People's Republic of China President Xi Jinping
  Hong Kong Hong Kong, China[5] Chief Executive Carrie Lam
  Indonesia Indonesia President Joko Widodo
  Japan Japan Prime Minister Shinzō Abe
  South Korea Republic of Korea President Moon Jae-in
  Malaysia Malaysia Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad
  Mexico* Mexico Under Secretary of Foreign Trade Juan Carlos Baker
  New Zealand New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern
  Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea Prime Minister Peter O'Neill (host)
  Peru* Peru Foreign Minister Nestor Popolizio
  Philippines Philippines President Rodrigo Duterte
  Russia* Russia Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev
  Singapore Singapore Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong
  Taiwan Chinese Taipei[6] Special Representative of President Morris Chang
  Thailand Thailand Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha
  United States* The United States Vice President Mike Pence
  Vietnam* Viet Nam Prime Minister Nguyễn Xuân Phúc
(*) Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto, Peruvian President Martín Vizcarra, Russian President Vladimir Putin, United States President Donald Trump, and Vietnamese President Nguyễn Phú Trọng did not attend the leaders summit. Representatives of each country were sent to attend on their behalf.

Invited AttendeesEdit

Leaders and representatives of Pacific Island nations were invited by Papua New Guinea to attend the "APEC Leaders' Dialogue with Pacific Island Leaders" on November 17.[7][8]

Pacific Island Attendees at the
2018 APEC Economic Leaders' Meeting[7][9]
Pacific Island attendee Name Position
  Cook Islands Henry Puna Prime Minister
  Fiji Inoke Kubuabola Minister for National Security and Defence
  French Polynesia Tearii Alpha Minister of Primary Resource Development, Land Use, Development and Mining
  Kiribati David Ateti Teaabo Special envoy for President Taneti Mamau
  Marshall Islands Hilda Heine President
  Micronesia Peter M. Christian President
  Nauru Baron Waqa President
  Niue Toke Talagi Premier
  Samoa Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi Prime Minister
  Solomon Islands Rick Houenipwela Prime Minister
  Tonga ʻAkilisi Pōhiva Prime Minister
  Tuvalu Enele Sopoaga Prime Minister
  Vanuatu Charlot Salwai Prime Minister

Absence of declaration and aftermathEdit

According to Reuters, "the leaders failed to agree on a communique at a summit in Papua New Guinea on Sunday for the first time in their history as deep divisions between the United States and China over trade and investment stymied cooperation."[10] Also according to same article: "O’Neill said that as APEC host, he would release a Chairman’s Statement, though it was not clear when."[10] O'Niell said that the talks broke down over language about the World Trade Organization[11] while Reuters reported that the cause for the impasse was disagreement on portions of the draft communique relating to the WTO which mentioned opposing “unfair trade practices” and reforming the WTO, while another concerned sustainable development.[10]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Thomas, Andrew (25 February 2018). "Papua New Guinea to host APEC, biggest event in its history". Al Jazeera.
  2. ^ "Interview: PNG ready to host a successful APEC summit, says APEC minister". Xinhua. 3 April 2018.
  3. ^ "Trump to attend APEC in PNG". SBS News. 3 April 2018.
  4. ^ a b c "Four Presidents not at APEC: Four Presidents have been confirmed as no shows at APEC PNG 2018 in Port Moresby". Papua New Guinea Post-Courier. 18 November 2018. Archived from the original on 18 November 2018. Retrieved 19 November 2018.
  5. ^ Hong Kong joined APEC in 1991 during British administration with the name "Hong Kong." In 1997, Hong Kong became a Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and took the name "Hong Kong, China."
  6. ^ Due to the complexities of the relations between it and the People's Republic of China, the Republic of China (ROC or "Taiwan") is not represented under its official name "Republic of China" or as "Taiwan". Instead, it participates in APEC under the name "Chinese Taipei". The President of the Republic of China does not attend the annual APEC Economic Leaders' Meeting in person. Instead, it is generally represented by a ministerial-level official responsible for economic affairs or someone designated by the president. See List of Chinese Taipei Representatives to APEC.
  7. ^ a b "Pacific leaders are most welcome to APEC 2018 in Port Moresby". Papua New Guinea Post-Courier. 15 November 2018. Archived from the original on 19 November 2018. Retrieved 19 November 2018.
  8. ^ "APEC Economic Leaders' Week: Media Registration Open". Papua New Guinea Post-Courier. 15 October 2018. Archived from the original on 19 November 2018. Retrieved 19 November 2018.
  9. ^ Kenneth, Gorethy (16 November 2018). "Pacific island leaders to meet with President Xi". Papua New Guinea Post-Courier. Archived from the original on 19 November 2018. Retrieved 19 November 2018.
  10. ^ a b c Wen, Philip; Barrett, Jonathan; Westbrook, Tom (18 November 2018). "APEC fails to reach consensus as U.S.-China divide deepens". Reueters. Retrieved 19 November 2018.
  11. ^ Bacon, John (18 November 2018). "'Entire world is worried' after rancorous Asia-Pacific trade summit". CBS19. USA TODAY. Retrieved 19 November 2018.

External linksEdit

Preceded by
APEC Vietnam 2017
APEC meetings
2018
Succeeded by
APEC Chile 2019