Scott John Morrison (born 13 May 1968) is an Australian politician serving as the 30th and current Prime Minister of Australia and leader of the Liberal Party since 24 August 2018. He has been a member of the House of Representatives since 2007, representing the Division of Cook in New South Wales.
|30th Prime Minister of Australia|
|Assumed office |
24 August 2018
|Governor-General||Sir Peter Cosgrove|
|Preceded by||Malcolm Turnbull|
|Leader of the Liberal Party|
|Assumed office |
24 August 2018
|Preceded by||Malcolm Turnbull|
|Treasurer of Australia|
21 September 2015 – 24 August 2018
|Prime Minister||Malcolm Turnbull|
|Preceded by||Joe Hockey|
|Succeeded by||Josh Frydenberg|
|Minister for Social Services|
23 December 2014 – 21 September 2015
|Prime Minister||Tony Abbott|
|Preceded by||Kevin Andrews|
|Succeeded by||Christian Porter|
|Minister for Immigration and Border Protection|
18 September 2013 – 23 December 2014
|Prime Minister||Tony Abbott|
|Preceded by||Tony Burke|
|Succeeded by||Peter Dutton|
|Member of the Australian Parliament|
|Assumed office |
24 November 2007
|Preceded by||Bruce Baird|
Scott John Morrison
13 May 1968
Waverley, New South Wales, Australia
|Education||University of New South Wales (BSc)|
Morrison was born in Sydney and studied economic geography at the University of New South Wales. He worked as director of the New Zealand Office of Tourism and Sport from 1998 to 2000 and was managing director of Tourism Australia from 2004 to 2006. Morrison was state director of the New South Wales Liberal Party from 2000 to 2004 and was first elected to the House of Representatives at the 2007 federal election. He was appointed to the opposition frontbench after the 2010 election.
Following the Coalition's victory at the 2013 election, Morrison was appointed Minister for Immigration and Border Protection in the Abbott Government. In that capacity he was responsible for implementing Operation Sovereign Borders, one of the Coalition's flagship policies. In a December 2014 cabinet reshuffle, Morrison was instead made Minister for Social Services. He was promoted to Treasurer in September 2015, when Malcolm Turnbull replaced Tony Abbott as prime minister.
In August 2018, Peter Dutton challenged Turnbull for the leadership of the Liberal Party, due to dissatisfaction from the party's conservative wing. Turnbull defeated Dutton in a leadership ballot, but tensions continued to mount and the party voted in favour of holding a second ballot; Turnbull chose not to be a candidate. In the second vote, Morrison emerged as a compromise candidate, defeating Dutton and Julie Bishop to become leader of the Liberal Party and prime minister.
Early life and education
Morrison was born in Waverley, Sydney, New South Wales, the younger of two sons born to Marion (née Smith) and John Morrison. His father was a policeman who served on the Waverley Municipal Council for 16 years, including for a brief period as mayor. Morrison's maternal grandfather was born in New Zealand.
Morrison grew up in the suburb of Bronte. He had a brief career as a child actor, appearing in several television commercials and small roles in local shows. Some reports have suggested that he was the iconic 1970s Vicks "Love Rub" kid, but footage to confirm or refute this has not been found; he has stated he was in a different Vicks commercial. He attended Sydney Boys High School before going on to complete an honours degree in applied economic geography at the University of New South Wales. He contemplated studying theology at Regent College in Vancouver, Canada, but he instead chose to enter the workforce after completing his bachelor's degree, in part due to the disapproval of his father.
After graduating from university, Morrison worked as national policy and research manager for the Property Council of Australia from 1989 to 1995. He then moved into tourism, serving as deputy chief executive of the Australian Tourism Task Force and then general manager of the Tourism Council of Australia; the latter was managed by Bruce Baird, whom he would eventually succeed in federal parliament. In 1998, Morrison moved to New Zealand to become director of the newly created Office of Tourism and Sport. He formed a close relationship with New Zealand's tourism minister, Murray McCully, and was involved with the creation of the long-running "100% Pure New Zealand" campaign.
In April 2000 Morrison returned to Australia to become state director of the Liberal Party in New South Wales. He oversaw the party's campaigns in the 2001 federal election and in the 2003 New South Wales state election. In 2004 Morrison left that post to become the inaugural managing director of Tourism Australia, which had been established by the Howard Government. His appointment was controversial due to its openly political nature. Morrison approved and defended the contentious "So where the bloody hell are you?" advertising campaign featuring Lara Bingle. He lost his job in 2006, apparently due to conflict with tourism minister Fran Bailey over the government's plans to further integrate the agency into the Australian Public Service.
Morrison sought Liberal preselection for the Division of Cook, an electorate in the southern suburbs of Sydney which includes Cronulla, Caringbah, and Miranda, in the 2007 election following the retirement of Bruce Baird, who had served as the member since 1998. He lost the ballot 82 votes to 8 to Michael Towke, a telecommunications engineer and the candidate of the Liberals' right faction.
However, allegations surfaced that Towke had engaged in branch stacking and had embellished his resume. The state executive of the Liberal Party disendorsed Towke and held a new pre-selection ballot, which Morrison won. The allegations against Towke were subsequently proved to be false, and The Daily Telegraph was forced to pay an undisclosed amount to settle a defamation suit filed by Towke.
In September 2008, Morrison was appointed to Malcolm Turnbull's coalition front bench as shadow minister for housing and local government. In December 2009, he became shadow minister for immigration and citizenship, coming into the cabinet for the first time during Tony Abbott's first cabinet reshuffle shortly after winning the leadership. He served on the Shadow Cabinet Committee on Border Protection.
In December 2010, forty-eight asylum seekers died in the Christmas Island boat disaster. In February 2011, Morrison publicly questioned the decision of the Gillard Labor government to pay for the relatives of the victims to travel to funerals in Sydney, arguing that the same privilege was not extended to Australian citizens. After fellow Liberal and shadow treasurer Joe Hockey disagreed with Morrison's statements, Morrison said that the timing of his comments was insensitive, but did not back away from the comments themselves.
In February 2013, Morrison said that the police should be notified of where asylum seekers are living in the community if any antisocial behaviour has occurred, and that there should be strict guidelines for the behaviour of those currently on bridging visas while they await the determination of their claims. The new code of conduct was released by the immigration minister for more than 20,000 irregular maritime arrivals living in the community on bridging visas.[better source needed]
Abbott Government (2013–2015)
This section needs expansion with: Information about his 9-month tenure as Social Services Minister.. You can help by adding to it. (September 2018)
On 18 September 2013, Morrison launched Operation Sovereign Borders, the new government's strategy aimed at stopping unauthorised boats from entering Australian waters. Cabinet documents from this time revealed in 2018 that Morrison asked for mitigation strategies to avoid granting permanent visas to 700 refugees. His office reported that there were 300 boats and 20,587 arrivals in 2013 to only 1 boat and 157 arrivals for all of 2014. The UNHCR expressed concerns that the practice may violate the Refugee Convention. In September 2014, it was reported that zero asylum seekers had died at sea since December 2013, compared with more than 1,100 deaths between 2008 and 2013. The annual refugee intake, which had been increased to 20,000 for 2012–13 by the previous government, was reduced to 13,750, the level it had been in 2011–12. Morrison stated that "Not one of those places will go to anyone who comes on a boat to Australia [...] they will go to people who have come the right way".
During his time as Immigration Minister, Morrison's dealings with the media and accountability to the public were widely criticised by journalists, Labor and Greens senators, and others for refusing to provide details about the matters within his portfolio. Morrison asserted that to reveal details of operations would be to play into the hands of people smugglers who used this information to plan illegal smuggling operations. On many occasions Morrison refused to answer questions about the status of asylum seekers or boats coming to and from Australia, often on the basis that he would not disclose "on water" or "operational" matters.
In November 2014, the Australian Human Rights Commission delivered a report to the Government which found that Morrison failed in his responsibility to act in the best interests of children in detention during his time as Minister. The overarching finding of the inquiry was that the prolonged, mandatory detention of asylum seeker children caused them significant mental and physical illness and developmental delays, in breach of Australia's international obligations. The report was criticised by Tony Abbott as being politically motivated, with regard to the timing of the report's release after the Abbott Government had taken office. The Government released the report publicly in February 2015.
In early December 2014, Morrison had the Migration and Maritime Powers Legislation Amendment (Resolving the Asylum Legacy Caseload) Bill 2014 successfully passed through the Australian Parliament. The bill gave Morrison more power than any previous minister in dealing with people seeking asylum in Australia, including the power to return asylum seekers to their place of origin, detain asylum seekers without charge, and refuse asylum seekers who arrive by boat access to the Refugee Review Tribunal. The bill reintroduced temporary protection visas to deal specifically with the backlog of 30,000 people who had arrived under the previous Labor Government but who had yet to be processed. The bill allowed those on bridging visas to apply for work, and increased the refugee intake to 18,750.
In March 2015, three hundred alumni of Sydney Boys High School signed a letter protesting Morrison's attendance at an alumni fund-raising event. The protest letter expressed the opinion that the school should not celebrate a person who has "so flagrantly disregarded human rights". Morrison attended this and subsequent alumni and school events.
Turnbull Government (2015–2018)
Morrison was appointed as Treasurer in the Turnbull Government in September 2015, replacing Joe Hockey. In his first press conference as Treasurer, he indicated a reduction in government expenditure and stated that the Mid-Year Economic and Fiscal Outlook (MYEFO) and White Paper on tax reform would arrive on time.
In May 2016, Morrison handed down the 2016 Australian federal budget. It included the introduction of a 40 percent diverted profits tax (popularly known as the "Google tax"), which is an anti-avoidance measure designed to prevent base erosion and profit shifting. It was passed into law as the Diverted Profits Tax Act 2017 and took effect on 1 July 2017. The new tax received criticism from some quarters, with the Corporate Tax Association stating that it would have "unpredictable outcomes" and negatively affect Australian business.
In February 2017, Morrison addressed the House of Representatives while holding a lump of coal, stating "This is coal. Don't be afraid. Don't be scared. It won't hurt you," and accusing those concerned about the environmental impact of the coal industry of having "an ideological, pathological fear of coal." He handed down the 2017 Australian federal budget in May 2017.
Morrison was an opponent of legalising same-sex marriage. After the Australian Marriage Law Postal Survey, he proposed an amendment to the Marriage Amendment (Definition and Religious Freedoms) Bill 2017 allowing parents to remove children from classes if "non-traditional" marriage is discussed. All amendments failed, and Morrison abstained from voting on the final bill. The electorate of Cook had a participation rate of 82.22%, and 55.04% of those had responded "Yes".
In December 2017, the government introduced the Royal Commission into Misconduct in the Banking, Superannuation and Financial Services Industry (popularly known as the Banking Royal Commission). Morrison originally opposed the creation of a royal commission, believing that a Senate inquiry would be sufficient. He voted against a royal commission 23 times between April 2016 and June 2017, and in September 2016 described it as "nothing more than crass populism seeking to undermine confidence in the banking and financial system, which is key to jobs and growth in this country". In announcing that the royal commission would take place, Morrison described it as a "regrettable but necessary action". In response to the commission's findings, in April 2018 he announced the introduction of new criminal and civil penalties for financial misconduct, including potential prison sentences of 10 years for individuals and fines of up to $210 million for companies.
Morrison handed down the 2018 Australian federal budget on 8 May. After handing down the budget, Morrison rejected calls to increase the rate of the Newstart Allowance, saying "my priority is to give tax relief to people who are working and paying taxes".
Prime Minister of Australia (2018–present)
Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull called a leadership spill on 21 August 2018 in order to gauge the confidence of the Liberal Party in his leadership. He defeated challenger Peter Dutton by 48 votes to 35. Over the following days, there was repeated speculation about a second spill being called, without Turnbull's approval. Turnbull announced two days later that he would resign the leadership if a spill motion were passed. Dutton, Morrison and Julie Bishop announced they would stand for the leadership if that were the case. A spill motion was passed on 24 August by 45 votes to 40, and Turnbull did not run as a candidate in the resulting leadership vote. On the first ballot, Dutton received 38 votes, Morrison 36 votes, and Bishop 11 votes. On the second ballot, Morrison received 45 votes and Dutton 40 votes. He thus became leader of the Liberal Party and prime minister-designate. Josh Frydenberg was elected as the party's deputy leader, in place of Bishop. Morrison was widely seen as a compromise candidate, who was agreeable to both the moderate supporters of Turnbull and Bishop and conservatives concerned about Dutton's electability. He was sworn in as prime minister on the evening of 24 August.
Morrison made his first overseas trip as prime minister less than a week after acceding to the office. He visited Jakarta for the Australia–Indonesia Business Forum and met with President Joko Widodo, announcing a free trade deal between the two nations that had been negotiated under the preceding Turnbull Government.
Morrison began dating Jenny Warren when they were both 16. They married when they were 21 and have two daughters together. After multiple unsuccessful IVF treatments over a period of 18 years, their daughters were conceived naturally. His daughters attend an independent Baptist school. Morrison has stated that one of the reasons for this choice was so that he could avoid "the values of others being imposed on my children". He is a fan of the Cronulla Sharks rugby league team and, in 2016, was named the club's number-one ticket holder.
Morrison was raised in the Presbyterian Church, which partly merged into the Uniting Church when he was a child. He later became a Pentecostal, and now attends the Horizon Church, which is affiliated with the Australian Christian Churches and the Assemblies of God. He has said "the Bible is not a policy handbook, and I get very worried when people try to treat it like one". In late 2017, Morrison stated that he would become a stronger advocate for protections for religious freedom.
- "Tony Abbott's cabinet and outer ministry". The Sydney Morning Herald. AAP. 16 September 2013. Retrieved 16 September 2013.
- "Dutton to immigration in reshuffle". News.com.au. 21 December 2014.
- Murphy, Katharine (20 September 2015). "Malcolm Turnbull unveils his ministry". The Guardian. Retrieved 20 September 2015.
- "Scott Morrison wins Liberal party leadership spill". Nine News. 24 August 2018. Retrieved 24 August 2018.
- Nick Bryant (February 2012). "Scott Morrison: So Who the Bloody Hell Are You?". The Monthly. Archived from the original on 11 April 2018. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
- Members' statements in relation to citizenship: Scott Morrison, Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
- Deborah Snow (30 April 2016). "Scott Morrison's relentless rise to power". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
- "National Film and Sound Archive hunts for Scott 'Love Rub' Morrison". Financial Review. 14 August 2015. Retrieved 24 August 2018.
- "Who is Scott Morrison? Our new Prime Minister shares a rare and candid look at into his personal life". The Australian Women's Weekly. 24 August 2018.
- "Scott Morrison's rise to Australia's top job". Radio New Zealand. ABC. 24 August 2018. Archived from the original on 24 August 2018. Retrieved 25 August 2018.
- Robert Wainwright (25 July 2006). "So where the hell is he?". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
- Sheehan, Paul (26 October 2009). "Nasty saga you nearly missed". The Sydney Morning Herald.
- "Liberal Party disendorses Michael Towke". PM (ABC News). 3 August 2007.
- "Authorities: Death toll up to 48 in Christmas Island shipwreck". CNN. 20 December 2010. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
- Coorey, Phillip; Needham, Kirsty (16 February 2011). "Hockey calls for compassion in funeral row". The Sydney Morning Herald.
- "Lib admits timing of funeral comments 'insensitive'". The Sydney Morning Herald. AAP. 16 February 2011. Retrieved 4 February 2015.
- Hall, Bianca (28 February 2013). "Few asylum seekers charged with crime". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 24 August 2018.
- Ireland, Bianca Hall and Judith (15 August 2013). "Tony Abbott evokes John Howard in slamming doors on asylum seekers". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 24 August 2018.
- Cowie, Thea (18 September 2013). "Coalition launches Operation Sovereign Borders". SBS News. Retrieved 1 November 2013.
- "Scott Morrison tried to delay asylum seekers' visas, documents reveal". ABC News. 30 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
- "Promise check: We will stop the boats". ABC News. 8 May 2016. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
- Laughland, Oliver (3 July 2014). "UN: 'profound concern' at Australia's handling of Tamil asylum seekers". Guardian Australia. Retrieved 6 July 2014.
- "Revealed: The secret mission that stopped the asylum boats from entering Australia". The Daily Telegraph. 17 September 2014. Retrieved 23 August 2018.
- Borrello, Eliza (4 October 2013). "Immigration Minister Scott Morrison says no changes to border protection despite softer language from PM". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 12 February 2015.
- Janet Phillips, 'A comparison of Coalition and Labor government asylum policies in Australia since 2001', 28 February 2014, Australian Parliamentary Library Research Paper series 2013–14, 12–13.
- "Immigration Minister Scott Morrison defends use of term 'illegal arrivals', plays down PNG police incident". The Sydney Morning Herald. 22 October 2013. Retrieved 22 October 2013.
- "Scott Morrison correct on 'illegal entry' of people without a visa". The Sydney Morning Herald. 13 September 2013. Retrieved 13 September 2013.
- For example:
- "Arrogance and obfuscation a bad mix for Scott Morrison". The Herald Sun. 26 October 2013. Retrieved 8 February 2015.
- "No comment: government silent over fate of asylum seekers". The Sydney Morning Herald. 9 November 2013. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
- "Scott Morrison refuses to answer parliamentary questions on boat arrival". The Guardian. Australia. 13 November 2013. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
- "Morrison refuses to answer rescue questions". PM (ABC News). Australia. 8 November 2013. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
- "Scott Morrison's secrecy would be funny if it wasn't so serious". News.com.au. 20 November 2013. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
- ""Talk To The Hand" — The Australian Government, To Everyone". The Global Mail. 20 November 2013. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
- "Silence over boats sells public short". The Age. 6 October 2013. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
- "Secrecy over asylum seeker boat turn-backs puts navy in a bind". The Age. 25 January 2014. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
- Kelly, Fran (6 July 2014). "Insiders Sunday 06 July" (streaming video). Insiders ABC TV. Australia. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
- "Scott Morrison interview takes on Pythonesque proportions". Canberra Times. 6 July 2014. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
- "Senate tests secrecy on asylum". The Australian. 13 January 2014. Retrieved 8 February 2015.
- "Morrison mute on reported asylum seeker handover". SBS News. 3 July 2014. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
- "Scott Morrison defends vow of silence on asylum seeker boat arrivals". The Guardian. 23 September 2013. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
- "Motion passed to force Immigration Minister Scott Morrison to report asylum-seeker incidents at sea". The Age. 15 November 2013. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
- "Minister's office won't confirm briefings". News.com.au. 27 January 2014. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
- "Laurie Oakes discusses Scott Morrison on The Drum". 7 November 2013. Archived from the original on 12 December 2013.
- Australian Human Rights Commission, The Forgotten Children: National Inquiry into Children in Immigration Detention (2014), 13.
- Whyte, Sarah (12 February 2015). "Human Rights Commission should congratulate Scott Morrison: Tony Abbott responds to report on children in immigration detention". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 12 February 2015.
- Doherty, Ben (5 December 2014). "Senate gives Scott Morrison unchecked control over asylum seekers' lives". The Guardian. Australia. Retrieved 8 December 2014.
- Morton, Adam (7 December 2014). "The unprecedented immigration powers awarded to Scott Morrison". The Age. Retrieved 8 December 2014.
- Yaxley, Louise; Norman, Jane (5 December 2014). "Temporary protection visas: Senate votes to bring back temporary visas after deal to get children off Christmas Island". ABC News. Australia. Retrieved 8 December 2014.
- McDonald, Susan (22 December 2014). "Cabinet reshuffle: Scott Morrison moves to Social Services; Sussan Ley promoted as second woman in Cabinet; David Johnston leaves". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 12 February 2015.
- Smith, Alexandra (28 March 2015). "Scott Morrison boycott at Sydney Boys High School: alumni say he is 'an embarrassment'". The Age. Retrieved 11 June 2016.
- "Treasurer Scott Morrison says Federal Government has 'spending problem'; expenditure the same as during GFC – ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)". Abc.net.au. Retrieved 23 September 2015.
- "Diverted profits tax". Australian Taxation Office. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
- "Diverted profits tax will go nowhere". The Australian Financial Review. 28 March 2017. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
- "Treasurer to launch fresh attack on multinational tax avoidance as Parliament resumes". The Sydney Morning Herald. 20 March 2017. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
- "Scott Morrison brings a chunk of coal into parliament". The Guardian. 9 February 2017. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
- Gogarty, Brendan; Hilkemeijer, Anja (26 November 2017). "Conservative amendments to same-sex marriage bill would make Australia's laws the world's weakest". The Conversation. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
- "Legislative Tracker: Marriage Amendment (Definition and Religious Freedoms) Bill 2017". Parliament of Australia. 15 November 2017.
- Bourke, Latika; Ireland, Judith (8 December 2017). "Same-sex marriage: Tony Abbott, Barnaby Joyce, Scott Morrison and the other MPs who didn't vote 'yes' or 'no'". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 25 August 2018.
- "Results and Publications". marriagesurvey.abs.gov.au. 15 November 2017.
For breakdown of results by electorate download the Response.xls file and refer to table 2
- "Does royal commission turncoat Scott Morrison really think the public is so dim?". The Sydney Morning Herald. 20 April 2018. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
- "How Scott Morrison changed his tune on the banking royal commission". The Sydney Morning Herald. 20 April 2018. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
- "Corporate crooks to face tougher penalties under new rules to be revealed by Government". ABC News. 20 April 2018. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
- "Here's Why People Who Are Unemployed Won't Get Any More Newstart Money". BuzzFeed. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
- "Scott Morrison wins Liberal party leadership spill". 9News. 24 August 2018. Retrieved 24 August 2018.
- "Australia PM Turnbull ousted in party coup". BBC News. 24 August 2018. Retrieved 24 August 2018.
- "Could Scott Morrison and Julie Bishop join the leadership race in a three-cornered contest?". The Guardian Australia. 22 August 2018. Retrieved 24 August 2018.
- "Scott Morrison sworn in as Prime Minister but policy direction and election strategy remains uncertain". Retrieved 25 August 2018.
- "Scott Morrison sworn in as Prime Minister". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 2018-08-27.
- "Scott Morrison's foreign affairs foray follows predecessors' familiar flightpath". ABC News. 30 August 2018. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
- Maiden, Samantha (2 August 2013). "Scott Morrison talks faith, politics and creating Lara Bingle". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
- McGowan, Michael (3 September 2018). "Scott Morrison sends his children to private school to avoid 'skin curling' sexuality discussions". Guardian Australia. Retrieved 3 September 2018.
- How well do you know Australia's 30th Prime Minister Scott Morrison? | Kitchen Cabinet, Australian Broadcasting Corporation, 2015. Accessed September 1, 2018.
- Molloy, Shannon (28 August 2018). From talking in tongues to ‘divine faith’, could Scott Morrison's religion be a liability? news.com.au Retrieved 28 August 2018
- Massola, James; Bagshaw, Eryk (22 December 2017). "'I'm not going to put up with it any more': Morrison vows to defend Christianity in 2018". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 15 February 2018.
- Hutchens, Gareth (7 September 2018). "'Darkness' coming if Scott Morrison not re-elected, Pentecostal leader claims". the Guardian. Retrieved 7 September 2018.
- Official website
- Scott Morrison on Twitter
- Profile at Parliament of Australia official website
- Profile at TheyVoteForYou.org.au
|Parliament of Australia|
| Member of Parliament
| Minister for Immigration and Border Protection
| Minister for Social Services
| Treasurer of Australia
| Minister for Home Affairs
| Prime Minister of Australia
|Party political offices|
| Leader of the Liberal Party