List of countries by Human Development Index

World map
World map representing Human Development Index categories (based on 2018 data, published in 2019).
  0.800–1.000 (very high)
  0.700–0.799 (high)
  0.555–0.699 (medium)
  0.350–0.554 (low)
  Data unavailable
World map
World map of countries by Human Development Index categories in increments of 0.050 (based on 2018 data, published in 2019)
  ≥ 0.900
  0.850–0.899
  0.800–0.849
  0.750–0.799
  0.700–0.749
  0.650–0.699
  0.600–0.649
  0.550–0.599
  0.500–0.549
  0.450–0.499
  0.400–0.449
  ≤ 0.399
  Data unavailable

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) ranks countries into four tiers of human development by combining measurements of life expectancy, education, and per-capita income into the Human Development Index (HDI) in its annual Human Development Report.

The HDI is a summary index using life expectancy at birth, expected years of schooling for children and mean years of schooling for adults, and GNI per capita. The final HDI is a value between 0 and 1 with countries grouped into four categories depending on the value, very high for HDI of 0.800 and above, high from 0.700 to 0.799, medium from 0.550 to 0.699 and low below 0.550.[1][2]

The Human Development Report has been published most years since 1990. The 2019 report contained the HDI of 189 countries and territories and 15 regions or groups of countries based on data collected in 2018.[3]

In the 2010 Human Development Report, a further Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index (IHDI) was introduced assessing countries on a fourth dimension of inequality. The report stated that while the HDI remains useful, "the IHDI is the actual level of human development (accounting for inequality)" and "the HDI can be viewed as an index of 'potential' human development (or the maximum IHDI that could be achieved if there were no inequality)".[4]

CountriesEdit

 
Change in score on the Human Development Index from 2017 to 2018 (based on 2017 and 2018 data, published in 2019).
  + 0.010
  + 0.007
  + 0.006
  + 0.005
  + 0.004
  + 0.003
  + 0.002
  + 0.001
  ± 0.000
  − 0.001
  − 0.002
  No data
  •   = increase
  •   = steady
  •   = decrease
Rank Country or Territory HDI
2018 data (2019 report)[5] Change from previous year[5] 2018 data (2019 report)[5] Average annual HDI growth (2010–2018)[6]
Very high human development
1     Norway 0.954   0.16%
2      Switzerland 0.946   0.18%
3     Ireland 0.942   0.71%
4     Germany 0.939   0.25%
4   (2)   Hong Kong 0.939   0.51%
6   (1)   Australia 0.938   0.17%
6   (1)   Iceland 0.938   0.64%
8   (1)   Sweden 0.937   0.42%
9     Singapore 0.935   0.35%
10     Netherlands 0.933   0.31%
11     Denmark 0.930   0.27%
12     Finland 0.925   0.30%
13     Canada 0.922   0.38%
14     New Zealand 0.921   0.30%
15     United Kingdom 0.920   0.21%
15     United States 0.920   0.12%
17     Belgium 0.919   0.22%
18     Liechtenstein 0.917   0.17%
19     Japan 0.915   0.42%
20     Austria 0.914   0.26%
21     Luxembourg 0.909   0.22%
22     Israel 0.906   0.27%
22     South Korea 0.906   0.33%
24     Slovenia 0.902   0.29%
25     Spain 0.893   0.40%
26     Czech Republic 0.891   0.41%
26     France 0.891   0.27%
28     Malta 0.885   0.55%
29     Italy 0.883   0.17%
30     Estonia 0.882   0.54%
31     Cyprus 0.873   0.34%
32     Greece 0.872   0.22%
32   (1)   Poland 0.872   0.54%
34     Lithuania 0.869   0.67%
35     United Arab Emirates 0.866   0.68%
36   (2)   Andorra 0.857   0.43%
36     Saudi Arabia 0.857   0.71%
36   (2)   Slovakia 0.857   0.42%
39     Latvia 0.854   0.56%
40     Portugal 0.850   0.42%
41     Qatar 0.848   0.22%
42     Chile 0.847   0.71%
43     Brunei 0.845   0.19%
43     Hungary 0.845   0.28%
45     Bahrain 0.838   0.64%
46     Croatia 0.837   0.41%
47     Oman 0.834   0.63%
48     Argentina 0.830   0.18%
49     Russia 0.824   0.69%
50     Belarus 0.817   0.39%
50   (1)   Kazakhstan 0.817   0.84%
52   (1)   Bulgaria 0.816   0.58%
52   (2)   Montenegro 0.816   0.36%
52   (1)   Romania 0.816   0.29%
55   (1)   Palau 0.814   0.60%
56   (5)   Barbados 0.813   0.22%
57     Kuwait 0.808   0.22%
57   (1)   Uruguay 0.808   0.54%
59     Turkey 0.806   1.03%
60     Bahamas 0.805   0.16%
61     Malaysia 0.804   0.49%
62     Seychelles 0.801   0.63%
High human development
63   (2)   Serbia 0.799   0.60%
63     Trinidad and Tobago 0.799   0.17%
65   (2)   Iran 0.797   0.68%
66     Mauritius 0.796   0.79%
67     Panama 0.795   0.60%
68     Costa Rica 0.794   0.64%
69     Albania 0.791   0.84%
70     Georgia 0.786   0.91%
71   (1)   Sri Lanka 0.780   0.49%
72   (1)   Cuba 0.778   0.02%
73   (1)   Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.777   0.48%
74   (1)   Antigua and Barbuda 0.776   0.08%
75     Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.769   0.93%
76     Mexico 0.767   0.47%
77     Thailand 0.765   0.74%
78     Grenada 0.763   0.33%
79   (1)   Brazil 0.761   0.59%
79   (1)   Colombia 0.761   0.54%
81     Armenia 0.760   0.52%
82   (1)   Algeria 0.759   0.49%
82   (1)   North Macedonia 0.759   0.41%
82   (3)   Peru 0.759   0.65%
85   (1)   China 0.758   0.95%
85   (1)   Ecuador 0.758   0.71%
87     Azerbaijan 0.754   0.36%
88     Ukraine 0.750   0.29%
89   (1)   Dominican Republic 0.745   0.76%
89     Saint Lucia 0.745   0.26%
91     Tunisia 0.739   0.39%
92   (2)   Mongolia 0.735   0.66%
World 0.731   0.60%
93     Lebanon 0.730   -0.36%
94   (3)   Botswana 0.728   1.22%
94   (1)   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.728   0.29%
96     Jamaica 0.726   0.05%
96   (4)   Venezuela 0.726   -0.45%
98     Dominica 0.724   -0.15%
98   (4)   Fiji 0.724   0.52%
98   (1)   Paraguay 0.724   0.56%
98   (1)   Suriname 0.724   0.41%
102   (3)   Jordan 0.723   -0.07%
103     Belize 0.720   0.49%
104   (1)   Maldives 0.719   0.90%
105   (1)   Tonga 0.717   0.45%
106     Philippines 0.712   0.73%
107   (1)   Moldova 0.711   0.56%
108     Turkmenistan 0.710   0.67%
108   (1)   Uzbekistan 0.710   0.83%
110   (1)   Libya 0.708   -0.84%
111     Indonesia 0.707   0.74%
111   (1)   Samoa 0.707   0.30%
113   (2)   South Africa 0.705   0.78%
114     Bolivia 0.703   0.88%
115     Gabon 0.702   0.81%
116     Egypt 0.700   0.62%
Medium human development
117   (1)   Marshall Islands 0.698 NA[a]
118     Vietnam 0.693   0.74%
119     Palestine 0.690   0.35%
120     Iraq 0.689   0.68%
121     Morocco 0.676   1.14%
122     Kyrgyzstan 0.674   0.73%
123     Guyana 0.670   0.61%
124     El Salvador 0.667   0.14%
125   (1)   Tajikistan 0.656   0.50%
126   (2)   Cape Verde 0.651   0.48%
126   (1)   Guatemala 0.651   0.98%
126   (1)   Nicaragua 0.651   0.74%
129     India 0.647   1.34%
130   (1)   Namibia 0.645   1.17%
131     East Timor 0.626   0.13%
132   (1)   Honduras 0.623   0.51%
132     Kiribati 0.623   0.71%
134     Bhutan 0.617   0.98%
135   (1)   Bangladesh 0.614   1.40%
135     Micronesia 0.614   0.41%
137   (2)   São Tomé and Príncipe 0.609   1.36%
138   (2)   Congo, Republic of the 0.608   1.12%
138   (1)   Eswatini 0.608   2.15%
140     Laos 0.604   1.28%
141     Vanuatu 0.597   0.26%
142     Ghana 0.596   0.91%
143   (1)   Zambia 0.591   1.35%
144   (1)   Equatorial Guinea 0.588   0.18%
145   (1)   Myanmar 0.584   1.39%
146   (1)   Cambodia 0.581   1.05%
147   (1)   Kenya 0.579   1.04%
147   (1)     Nepal 0.579   1.18%
149   (2)   Angola 0.574   1.50%
150     Cameroon 0.563   2.26%
150   (3)   Zimbabwe 0.563   2.22%
152   (1)   Pakistan 0.560   0.85%
153   (1)   Solomon Islands 0.557   0.78%
Low human development
154     Syria 0.549   -1.98%
155     Papua New Guinea 0.543   0.80%
156     Comoros 0.538   0.60%
157   (1)   Rwanda 0.536   1.19%
158   (1)   Nigeria 0.534   1.25%
159   (1)   Tanzania 0.528   1.03%
159   (1)   Uganda 0.528   0.97%
161   (2)   Mauritania 0.527   0.91%
162     Madagascar 0.521   0.42%
163     Benin 0.520   1.19%
164     Lesotho 0.518   1.46%
165     Ivory Coast 0.516   1.61%
166     Senegal 0.514   1.17%
167     Togo 0.513   1.16%
168     Sudan 0.507   0.93%
169     Haiti 0.503   0.92%
170     Afghanistan 0.496   0.83%
171     Djibouti 0.495   1.32%
172     Malawi 0.485   1.32%
173     Ethiopia 0.470   1.66%
174   (3)   The Gambia 0.466   0.79%
174   (2)   Guinea 0.466   1.67%
176   (3)   Liberia 0.465   0.67%
177   (2)   Yemen 0.463   -0.94%
178   (1)   Guinea-Bissau 0.461   1.01%
179     Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0.459   1.24%
180     Mozambique 0.446   1.51%
181     Sierra Leone 0.438   1.45%
182   (1)   Burkina Faso 0.434   1.84%
182     Eritrea 0.434   0.02%
184     Mali 0.427   0.72%
185     Burundi 0.423   0.65%
186     South Sudan 0.413   -0.35%
187     Chad 0.401   0.89%
188     Central African Republic 0.381   0.89%
189     Niger 0.377   2.09%

Regions and groupsEdit

Region or group 1990 data​[7] 2000 data​[7] 2010 data​[7] 2013 data​[7] 2015 data​[7] 2016 data​[7] 2017 data​[7] 2018 data​[7]
Very high human development
OECD 0.785 0.834 0.873 0.883 0.889 0.892 0.894 0.895
Very high human development 0.779 0.823 0.866 0.878 0.886 0.888 0.890 0.892
High human development
Europe and Central Asia 0.652 0.667 0.735 0.759 0.770 0.772 0.776 0.779
Latin America and the Caribbean 0.628 0.687 0.731 0.748 0.754 0.756 0.758 0.759
High human development 0.568 0.630 0.706 0.727 0.738 0.743 0.746 0.750
East Asia and the Pacific 0.519 0.597 0.697 0.714 0.727 0.733 0.737 0.741
World 0.598 0.641 0.697 0.713 0.722 0.727 0.729 0.731
Small Island Developing States 0.595 0.642 0.702 0.708 0.717 0.719 0.722 0.723
Arab states 0.556 0.613 0.676 0.688 0.695 0.699 0.701 0.703
Medium human development
Developing countries 0.516 0.571 0.642 0.663 0.674 0.680 0.683 0.686
South Asia 0.441 0.505 0.585 0.607 0.624 0.634 0.639 0.642
Medium human development 0.436 0.497 0.575 0.599 0.616 0.625 0.630 0.634
Low human development
Sub-Saharan Africa 0.402 0.423 0.498 0.521 0.532 0.535 0.539 0.541
Least developed countries 0.350 0.399 0.485 0.504 0.516 0.520 0.525 0.528
Low human development 0.352 0.386 0.473 0.490 0.499 0.501 0.505 0.507

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Data not available for 2010

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Human Development Index (HDI) | Human Development Reports". hdr.undp.org. United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  2. ^ "Human Development Report 2019 – Technical notes" (PDF). hdr.undp.org. United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  3. ^ "Human Development Report 2019 Overview" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. pp. 22–25. Retrieved 9 December 2019.
  4. ^ Human Development Report 2010 (PDF). New York: United Nations Development Programme. 2010. p. 87. ISBN 9780230284456. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  5. ^ a b c Human Development Report 2019 (PDF). New York: United Nations Development Programme. 2019. pp. 300–303. ISBN 978-92-1-126439-5. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h Human Development Report 2019 (PDF). New York: United Nations Development Programme. 2019. p. 307. ISBN 978-92-1-126439-5. Retrieved 23 February 2020.

External linksEdit