Philippe Starck (French pronunciation: [filip staʁk]; born 18 January 1949)[1] is a French industrial architect and designer known for his wide range of designs, including interior design, architecture, household objects, furniture, boats and other vehicles.

Philippe Starck
Philippe Starck in 2011
Born (1949-01-18) 18 January 1949 (age 75)
Paris, France
Alma materÉcole Nissim de Camondo
ChildrenAra Starck, Oa Starck, Lago Starck
Parent(s)André Starck, Jacqueline Starck
AwardsOrdre des Arts et des Lettres
Legion of Honour
BuildingsAsahi Beer Hall
Brief interview by Dezeen

Life edit

Starck was born on 18 January 1949 in Paris. He is the son of André Starck, who was an aeronautics engineer. He says that his father often inspired him because he was an engineer, who made invention a "duty". His family was originally from and lived in the Alsace region, before his grandfather moved to Paris. He studied at the École Nissim de Camondo in Paris.[2]

Career edit

While working for Adidas, Starck set up his first industrial design company, Starck Product, which he later renamed Ubik[3] after Philip K. Dick's novel, and began working with manufacturers in Italy including Driade,[4] Alessi, Kartell, and internationally, including Drimmer in Austria, Vitra in Switzerland and Disform in Spain.

Aprilia Moto 6.5

In 1983, then-French President François Mitterrand, on the recommendation of his Minister of Culture, Jack Lang, chose Starck to refurbish the president's private apartments at the Élysée.[2] The following year he designed the Café Costes.[5]

Starck's output expanded to include furniture, decoration, architecture, street furniture, industry (wind turbines, photo booths), bathroom fittings, kitchens, floor, and wall coverings, lighting, domestic appliances, office equipment such as staplers, utensils, tableware, clothing, accessories, toys, glassware, graphic design and publishing, food, and vehicles for land, sea, air and space.[6]

Architecture edit

Asahi Breweries Headquarters

The buildings he designed in Japan, starting in 1989, went against the grain of traditional forms. The first, Nani Nani, in Tokyo,[7] was described as a biomorphic shed.[2] A year later he designed the Asahi Beer Hall in Tokyo, a building topped with a golden flame. This was followed in 1992 by Le Baron Vert office complex in Osaka.[8] In France he designed the extension of the École Nationale Supérieure des Arts Décoratifs (ENSAD) in Paris (1998).

In 1991, Starck designed one of the pavilions for the new Groninger Museum.[9]

Since the late 1980s, Starck has designed several hotels in different countries, these include the Royalton Hotel[10] (1988) and the lobby of the Paramount Hotel (1990) in New York City,[2] the Delano in Miami,[2] the Hudson Hotel[11] and the Mondrian Hotel in West Hollywood, the Sanderson [12] the Saint Martin's Lane in London,[13] Le Meurice renovations in 2016, the Royal Monceau (2010)[14] as well as more recently the Hotel Brach (2018)[15] and the Hotel 9Confidentiel (2018),[16] in Paris. Also in France, in the South West, Philippe Starck designed La Co(o)rniche[17] and Ha(a)itza[18] hotels, both in Arcachon, near the Dune of Pilat. In 2019, Starck created the Lily of the Valley Hotel[19] on the French Riviera and in 2020, opened La Réserve Eden au Lac Zurich.[20]

Starck has designed several restaurants, including in the early years, the Café Costes (1984) in Paris, Manin (1985) in Tokyo, Theatron (1985) in Mexico City, Teatriz (1990) in Madrid[21][2] or more recently several restaurants with the Alajmo brothers in Paris, Venice and Milan: Caffe Stern (2014),[22] Amo (2016),[23] Gran Caffe Quadri (2018)[24] and Amor (2019),[25] La Réserve à la Plage in Saint Tropez with Michel Reybier Hospitality, The Avenue at Saks in New York in 2019.[26]

The Alhondiga, a 43,000 square-meter culture and leisure venue in Bilbao designed by Starck, opened in 2010.[27]

Starck also designed affordable and adjustable pre-fabricated P.A.T.H. houses.[28]

Starck was commissioned by the Hilton Worldwide to create entirely a new hotel in Metz, France. Maison Heler is a phantasmagoric building topped by a traditional Alsatian house, a poetic symbol of the region that should open in 2021.[29]

Yachts edit

A (motor yacht)
A (sailing yacht)
Venus motor yacht

In 2002 he designed Wedge Too, which was built by Feadship.

In 2004, commissioned by Russian Oligarch Andrey Melnichenko, Starck designed the Motor Yacht A[30] and then in 2012 the A (sailing yacht), one of the world's largest sailing yachts.[31][32][33] Starck designed the infrastructure for the Port Adriano harbour on the south-west bay of Palma de Mallorca,[34] Mallorca and was artistic director for the interior. It opened in April 2012.

In 2008, he designed Steve Jobs's yacht Venus, which was launched in October 2012, just over a year after the death of Apple's founder. The yacht was built at Aalsmeer in the Netherlands.[35]

Furniture edit

Hudson chair designed for Emeco (2000)

Zartan, created for Magis in 2010, is a chair entirely made from natural material as bamboo, linen and hemp fiber, a non-toxic and biodegradable alternative to replace plastic.[36]

In 2012, Starck released Broom for Emeco, an anti-waste chair made of materials collected in lumber and plastic plants.[37]

Starck released Cassina Croque la pomme in 2019, a furniture collection for Cassina, entirely made from a vegan fabric, with apple leather.[38]

For Salone del Mobile 2022, Dior Maison invited Starck to reinterpret the timeless Médallion seat.[39]

Technology edit

In 1996, Starck worked with Alain Mikli to launch Starck Eyes. Bought in 2013 by Luxottica, Starck Eyes becomes Starck Biotech Paris in 2019 and is inspired by the human body to create revolutionary eyewear, merging design with biomechanics.[40]

Starck helped design the Xiaomi Mi MIX smartphone, notable for having a 6.4-inch "whole surface screen".[41]

In 2016, Starck developed a GPS-tracking wristband, DIAL (Individual Alert and Localization Device) for Société nationale de Sauvetage en Mer, which allows endangered people to share their exact location to rescue service whether they are in the sea or in the beach.[42]

In 2018, Starck collaborated with Axiom Space and created the interior of the International Space Station's housing module. A comfortable and luxurious living space adapted to weightlessness, with suede-textured walls, big windows to appreciate the view and all the technology needed to stay connected.[43]

In 2019, the so-called AI chair was presented to the public. Starck cooperated with experts of the 3D software company Autodesk and created a chair design with help of an Artificial Intelligence.[44]

Collections edit

Starck's work is seen in the collections of European and American museums, including the Musée National d'Art Moderne[45] (to which he has donated several pieces, in particular prototypes) the Musée des Arts Décoratifs in Paris,[46] the MOMA[47] and the Brooklyn Museum[48] in New York City, the Vitra Design Museum in Basel[49] and the Design Museum in London.[50] More than 660 of his designs were inventoried in French public collections in 2011.[51]

Gallery edit

Philosophy edit

Democratic design edit

Starck's concept of democratic design led him to focus on mass-produced consumer goods rather than one-off pieces, seeking ways to reduce cost and improve quality in mass market goods.[52]

Through his "democratic design" concept, Starck has campaigned for well-designed objects that are not just aimed at upper-tiered incomes. He has expressed this as a utopian ideal, approached in practice by increasing production quantities to cut costs and by using mail-order,[53] via Les 3 Suisses. In 1998, Starck established the Good Goods catalogue with La Redoute, proposing 170 sustainable and respectful everyday life objects "for the future moral market".[54] In 2000 he worked with Target Stores and proposed a collection of more than 50 products.[55]

Starck released Ideas Box in 2011 for Bibliothèques Sans Frontières. These kit media libraries give the refugee populations access to culture and information. They can be installed anywhere around the world and provide screens, books, games, cameras etc.[56]

Starck has been involved in the development of Fluocaril toothbrushes and Laguiole Knives.[57][58]

Alongside his work, Starck partnered with Moustache Bikes for the M.A.S.S. (Mud, Asphalt, Sand and Snow). This is a portfolio of four e-bikes that use a Bosch electrical engine and battery pack.[59]

In January 2013, Starck redesigned the Navigo travel pass.[60]

Publications edit

  • Lloyd Morgan, Conway (1999). Starck. Universe Publishing. ISBN 978-0789302274.
  • Sweet, Fay (1999). Philippe Starck : subverchic design. Watson-Guptill. ISBN 9780823012008.
  • Bertoni, Franco (1994). The architecture of Philippe Starck. Academy Editions. ISBN 9781854903785.
  • Morozzi, Cristina (2011). Philippe Stark. 24 ore cultura. ISBN 9788866480303.
  • Riewoldt, Otto (2006). New Hotel Design. Laurence King Publishing. pp. 18, 28 and 44. ISBN 9781856694797.
  • Vanderpooten, Gilles (2012). Impression d'ailleurs (in French). Éditions de l'Aube. ISBN 978-2815905176.

References edit

  1. ^ "Philippe Starck | Biography, Design, Juicer, Ghost Chair, Furniture, & Facts | Britannica". Retrieved 4 May 2022.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Biography, Philippe Starck, Britannica Online.
  3. ^ "The who's who of design. Name: Starck Philippe, born 18 January 1949, son of Andre Starck, aeronautics engineer. His family originally coming from Alsace region, before his grandfather had moved to Paris. Studies: Ecole Camondo in Paris. Profession: designer, boss of Ubik. Distinctions: Award for the Paramount Hotel in New York (1992), Best Design Oscar for the Beneteau yacht (1990); Platinum Circle Award (Chicago 1987), Designer of the Year (1985). Management n°24, p 122, February 1997
  4. ^ "Driade".
  5. ^ Philippe Starck pulled off his first feat with his interior for the Parisian nightclub and restaurant Les Bains-Douches, followed by Café Costes, "Psychoanalysis of the Starck Object", Le Monde, 27 January 1994
  6. ^ Massimo De Conti (2011). Design Talks : Contemporary Creatives on Architecture and Design, biography by Jasper Eder. Images Publishing. pp. 161, 162. ISBN 9781864704402.
  7. ^ "Unhex Nani Nani and Dual Curving | KIKUKAWA". KIKUKAWA KOGYO. 17 February 2022.
  8. ^ Penn Library, Fine Arts Library Image Collection.
  9. ^ "Philippe Starck Paviljoen, Groningen | 255516 | EMPORIS". Archived from the original on 11 April 2020.
  10. ^ LLC, New York Media (31 October 1988). "New York Magazine". New York Media, LLC – via Google Books.
  11. ^ Riewoldt 2006, p. 44.
  12. ^ Riewoldt 2006, p. 18.
  13. ^ Riewoldt 2006, p. 28.
  14. ^ "Le Royal Monceau réinventé par Starck". 18 October 2010.
  15. ^ "Brach Hotel, Designed by Philippe Starck, Opens in Paris". Luxury Travel Advisor. 4 October 2018. Retrieved 23 June 2020.
  16. ^ Kulawick-Assante, Katia (9 October 2018). "See Inside Philippe Starck's Trio of Game-Changing New Hotels". Architectural Digest. Retrieved 23 June 2020.
  17. ^ "La Co(o)rniche". The Telegraph. 16 September 2016. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 23 June 2020.
  18. ^ "Hôtel Ha(a)ïtza". The Telegraph. 1 August 2016. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 23 June 2020.
  19. ^ "Exclusive: Philippe Starck on Lily of the Valley, his stunning new Côte d'Azur hotel". Vogue Paris. 11 July 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2020.
  20. ^ "La Réserve Eden au Lac Zurich Is Now Open". Luxury Travel Advisor. 9 January 2020. Retrieved 23 June 2020.
  21. ^ "Arquitectura de Madrid".
  22. ^ "Caffè Stern in Paris by Philippe Starck | Paris Design Agenda". Retrieved 23 June 2020.
  23. ^ "Amo, Luxury Made Accessible in Central Venice". Retrieved 23 June 2020.
  24. ^ "Philippe Starck restores time-worn interiors of the Quadri restaurant in Venice". Dezeen. 24 March 2018. Retrieved 23 June 2020.
  25. ^ Minero, Giulia (9 April 2019). "Amor, the New Alajmo Restaurant in Corso Como". Where Milan. Retrieved 23 June 2020.
  26. ^ Latterner, Timothy (2 February 2019). "Philippe Starck–Designed L'Avenue Restaurant Opens at Saks". Architectural Digest.
  27. ^ Philippe Starck has transformed this former oil and wine warehouse into an arts and leisure centre (in Spanish) El pais
  28. ^ Archdaily.
  29. ^ "philippe starck's maison heler, a phantasmagoric hotel and habitable work of surrealism". designboom | architecture & design magazine. 16 March 2018.
  30. ^ "Motor Yacht A: On board the world's most famous yacht with legendary designer Philippe Starck". Boat International. Retrieved 23 June 2020.
  31. ^ Springer, Bill. "One of the World's Largest Sailing Superyachts Has Launched in Holland". Forbes. Retrieved 23 June 2020.
  32. ^ 5 of the best Philippe Starck-designed Yachts
  33. ^ Sam Dangremond, World’s Largest Sailing Yacht Meets Its Baby Brother In Monaco, May 10 2017 Town&Country
  34. ^ Magazine, Wallpaper* (8 May 2012). "Port Adriano marina by Philippe Starck, Mallorca". Wallpaper*.
  35. ^ Kamp, David (3 November 2016). "All You Need to Know About Philippe Starck, Industrial Design's Willy Wonka". Vanity Fair.
  36. ^ "liquid wood: philippe starck with eugeni quitllet created zartan for magis". designboom | architecture & design magazine. 20 April 2011.
  37. ^ "Broom Chair by Philippe Starck for Emeco". Dezeen. 24 April 2012.
  39. ^ "Dior Maison Employs Philippe Starck for Reimagined Miss Dior Chair". HYPEBEAST. 17 June 2022. Retrieved 22 June 2022.
  40. ^ "philippe starck develops an eyewear sphere hinge with no screws or welds". designboom | architecture & design magazine. 4 March 2020.
  41. ^ "小米MIX-小米商城". 25 October 2016. Retrieved 26 October 2016.
  42. ^ "GPS-connected wristband allows swimmers who run into difficulties to alert rescue services". Dezeen. 3 January 2019.
  43. ^ "Philippe Starck designs "foetal" interiors for Axiom's commercial space station". Dezeen. 14 June 2018.
  44. ^ "The A.I. Chair". 17 April 2019.
  45. ^ "Pompidou center".
  46. ^ (in French)MAD paris Philippe Starck Le design pour tous, Coffret maison Starck.
  47. ^ "Philippe Starck | MoMA". The Museum of Modern Art.
  48. ^ "Brooklyn Museum".
  49. ^ "Vitra Design Museum: Collection".
  50. ^ Q42, Fabrique &. "WIN a copy of 'Design: An Essential Introduction' and a 'Philippe Starck designed squeezer'". Design Museum.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  51. ^ "Base de données".
  52. ^ Designs on love, Le Monde, 10 February 2008
  53. ^ "So it is absolutely possible to talk about a utopian project with Starck", Benoît Heilbrunn, Starck in Words, 2003
  54. ^ "Design: Starck naked". The Independent. 23 October 2011. Archived from the original on 26 May 2022.
  55. ^ "Target to Introduce Chic Philippe Starck Collection". Progressive Grocer. 3 April 2002.
  56. ^ "Bibliothèques Sans Frontières". 30 August 2014.
  57. ^ Museum of Design in Plastics, Philippe Starck toothbrush and holder.
  58. ^ Laurent Marcaillou (22 August 2014). "Usines d'architectes : et Starck recréa Laguiole". Les Echos (in French).
  59. ^ "Philippe Starck desenhou a mais bela bicicleta elétrica". R Barros. 15 September 2014. Retrieved 15 September 2014.
  60. ^ Philippe Starck waived his fee for designing this new-generation card, said transport authority STIF. Its pared-down design is intended to make it last, Le Parisien, January 2012

External links edit