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Hyōgo Prefecture (兵庫県, Hyōgo-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Kansai region on Honshu island.[1] The capital is Kobe.[2]

Hyōgo Prefecture
兵庫県
Prefecture
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese 兵庫県
 • Rōmaji Hyōgo-ken
Flag of Hyōgo Prefecture
Flag
Official logo of Hyōgo Prefecture
Symbol
Location of Hyōgo Prefecture
Country Japan
Region Kansai
Island Honshu
Capital Kobe
Government
 • Governor Toshizō Ido
Area
 • Total 8,396.13 km2 (3,241.76 sq mi)
Area rank 12th
Population (November 1, 2011)
 • Total 5,582,978
 • Rank 7th
 • Density 660/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-28
Districts 8
Municipalities 41
Flower Nojigiku (Chrysanthemum japonense)
Tree Camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora)
Bird Oriental white stork (Ciconia boyciana)
Website web.pref.hyogo.lg.jp/fl/english/

Contents

HistoryEdit

Present-day Hyōgo Prefecture includes the former provinces of Harima, Tajima, Awaji, and parts of Tanba and Settsu.[3]

In 1180, near the end of the Heian period, Emperor Antoku, Taira no Kiyomori, and the Imperial court moved briefly to Fukuhara, in what is now the city of Kobe. There the capital remained for five months.

Himeji Castle, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is in the city of Himeji.

Southern Hyōgo Prefecture was severely devastated by the 6.9 Mw Great Hanshin earthquake of 1995, which destroyed major parts of Kobe and Awaji, as well as Takarazuka and neighboring Osaka Prefecture, killing nearly 6,500 people.

GeographyEdit

 
Map of Hyōgo Prefecture.
     Government Ordinance Designated City      City      Town
 
Kobe
 
Takarazuka
 
Sumoto
 
Tatsuno
 
Shiso

Hyōgo has coastlines on two seas: to the north, the Sea of Japan, to the south, the Seto Inland Sea. On Awaji Island, Hyōgo borders the Pacific Ocean coastline in the Kii Channel. The northern portion is sparsely populated, except for the city of Toyooka, and the central highlands are only populated by tiny villages. Most of Hyōgo's population lives on the southern coast, which is part of the Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto metropolitan area. Awaji is an island that separates the Inland Sea and Osaka Bay, lying between Honshu and Shikoku.

Summertime weather throughout Hyōgo is hot and humid. As for winter conditions in Hyōgo, the north of Hyōgo tends to receive abundant snow, whilst the south receives only the occasional flurry.

Hyōgo borders on Osaka Prefecture, Kyoto Prefecture, Tottori Prefecture and Okayama Prefecture.

As of March 31, 2008, 20% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Sanin Kaigan and Setonaikai National Parks; Hyōnosen-Ushiroyama-Nagisan Quasi-National Park; and Asago Gunzan, Harima Chūbu Kyūryō, Inagawa Keikoku, Izushi-Itoi, Kasagatayama-Sengamine, Kiyomizu-Tōjōko-Tachikui, Onzui-Chikusa, Seiban Kyūryō, Seppiko-Mineyama, Tajima Sangaku, and Taki Renzan Prefectural Natural Parks.[4]

CitiesEdit

Twenty-nine cities are located in Hyōgo Prefecture:

  • Kobe is where the Hyogo Prefectural Government sits.

TownsEdit

These are the towns in each district:

IslandsEdit

Two major artificial islands are located Hyōgo Prefecture:

National parksEdit

MergersEdit

Future mergersEdit

The city of Akō and the only town in Akō District (Kamigōri), were scheduled to merge and the city would still retain the name Akō. Akō District would be defunct if the merger was successful.[5] However, the merger hasn't taken place.

EconomyEdit

As in all prefectures nationwide, agriculture, forestry, and fisheries play a big role in the economy of Hyogo Prefecture.[6] Hyōgo Prefecture also has an IT industry, many heavy industries, metal and medical, Kobe Port being one of the largest ports in Japan. Kobe Port also hosts one of the worlds-fasted-supercomputers, and Hyogo Prefecture passed laws to keep Kobe Port free of Nuclear Weapons (a Nuclear-free zone) since the year 1975.[7]

Hyōgo is a part of the Hanshin Industrial Region. There are two research institute of Riken, natural sciences research institute in Japan, in Kobe and Harima. It has "SPring-8",a synchrotron radiation facility in Harima.

CultureEdit

National Treasures of JapanEdit

Important Preservation Districts for Groups of Historic Buildings in JapanEdit

MuseumsEdit

EducationEdit

UniversitiesEdit

AmagasakiEdit

TakarazukaEdit

SandaEdit

NishinomiyaEdit

AshiyaEdit

KobeEdit

KatoEdit

AkashiEdit

KakogawaEdit

HimejiEdit

AkōEdit

High schoolsEdit

There are 163 public and 52 private high schools within Hyogo prefecture. Of the public high schools, some are administered by the Hyogo prefectural government, whilst the others are administered by local municipalities.

SportsEdit

The sports teams listed below are based in Hyōgo.

Football (soccer)

Baseball

Volleyball

Rugby

Basketball

TourismEdit

A popular troupe of Takarazuka Revue plays in Takarazuka.

The north of Hyogo Prefecture has sightseeing spots such as Kinosaki Onsen, Izushi, and Yumura Onsen, and the matsuba crab, and Tajima beef are both national delicacies.[8]

Festival and eventsEdit

 
Dekansho Bon Dancing Festival
 
Castle Festival in Himeji
  • Miyuki Street New Year's midnight traditional sale, Himeji
  • Nishinomiya Shrine's Ebisu Festival in January
  • Yanagihara Ebisu Festival in January, Kobe
  • Tada Shrine's Genji Festival in April, Kawanishi
  • Kobe Festival and Parade in May
  • Aioi Peron Festival in May
  • Himeji Yukata Festival in June
  • Dekansho Bon Dancing Festival in August, Sasayama
  • Nada Fighting Festival, Himeji
  • Kobe Luminarie in December
  • Ako Chushingura Parade

TransportationEdit

RailEdit

People moversEdit

RoadEdit

ExpresswaysEdit

National highwaysEdit

  • Route 2
  • Route 9
  • Route 28
  • Route 29
  • Route 43
  • Route 171
  • Route 173
  • Route 174 (Sannomiya-Kobe Port)
  • Route 175
  • Route 176
  • Route 178
  • Route 179
  • Route 250
  • Route 312
  • Route 372
  • Route 373
  • Route 426
  • Route 427
  • Route 428
  • Route 429
  • Route 436
  • Route 477
  • Route 482
  • Route 483

PortsEdit

  • Kobe Port – Mainly international container hub port
  • Akashi Port
  • Shikama Port – Mainly Shōdo Island route ferry

AirportEdit

Notable peopleEdit


Sister regionsEdit

Hyogo entered a sister state relationship with Washington state in the United States on October 22, 1963, the first arrangement for Japan and the United States.[9][10]

In 1981, a sister state agreement was drawn up between Hyogo and the state of Western Australia in Australia.[11] To commemorate the 10th anniversary of this agreement in 1992, the Hyogo Prefectural Government Cultural Centre was established in Perth.[12]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Hyōgo prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, pp. 363-365, p. 363, at Google Books; "Kansai" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 477, p. 477, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Kobe" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 537, p. 537, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  4. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. Archived (PDF) from the original on 21 April 2012. Retrieved 4 February 2012. 
  5. ^ City.ako.hyogo.jp Archived 2006-07-08 at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2015-09-19. Retrieved 2017-10-02. 
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-09-26. Retrieved 2017-10-02. 
  8. ^ "JAL Guide to Japan - Matsuba Crab". Archived from the original on 2015-04-05. 
  9. ^ Camden, Jim (August 20, 2013). "Washington, Japan celebrate 50 years". Spokesman-Review. Archived from the original on March 11, 2018. Retrieved March 11, 2018. 
  10. ^ "Celebrating 50 years with Hyogo, Japan". Washington State Library. August 19, 2013. Archived from the original on March 11, 2018. Retrieved March 11, 2018. 
  11. ^ "Sister Cities - City of Perth". Archived from the original on 2015-05-30. 
  12. ^ Hyogo.com.au Archived 2015-04-02 at the Wayback Machine.

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 34°41′26.94″N 135°10′59.08″E / 34.6908167°N 135.1830778°E / 34.6908167; 135.1830778