Port of Kobe
Located at a foothill of the range of Mount Rokkō, flat lands are limited and constructions of artificial islands have carried out, to make Port Island, Rokkō Island, island of Kobe Airport to name some.
In the 10th century, Taira no Kiyomori renovated the then Ōwada no Tomari (大輪田泊) and moved to Fukuhara (福原), the short-lived capital neighbouring the port. Throughout medieval era, the port was known as Hyōgo no Tsu (兵庫津).
In 1858 the Treaty of Amity and Commerce opened the Hyōgo Port to foreigners.
The 1995 Great Hanshin earthquake diminished much of the port city's prominence when it destroyed and halted much of the facilities and services there, causing approximately ten trillion yen or $102.5 billion in damage, 2.5% of Japan's GDP at the time. Most of the losses were uninsured, as only 3% of property in the Kobe area was covered by earthquake insurance, compared to 16% in Tokyo. Kobe was one of the world's busiest ports prior to the earthquake, but despite the repair and rebuilding, it has never regained its former status as Japan's principal shipping port. It remains Japan's fourth busiest container port.
- Container berths: 34
- Area: 3.89 km²
- Max draft: 18 m
Amusement facility for publicEdit
Kobe is also a home port for certain cruise ships. Cruise lines that call at the port are kinds like Holland America Line and Princess Cruise Line. In the summer of 2014 Princess expanded the market in Kobe when their ship Sun Princess sailed eight-day roundtrip Asia cruises from the port. These cruises on the Sun Princess are a part of Princess Cruises $11 billion contributions to the entire country of Japan, where the Sun will also sail from Otaru, Hokkaido, as it is currently based in Yokohama, Tokyo.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on October 27, 2007. Retrieved October 26, 2009. Cite uses deprecated parameter
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- American Association of Port Authorities Archived 2008-12-21 at the Wayback Machine - "World Port Rankings 2006", retrieved April 15, 2008