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Vissel Kobe (ヴィッセル神戸, Visseru Kōbe) is a Japanese professional football club, currently playing in the J1 League. The team is located in Kobe, Hyōgo Prefecture. The home stadium is Kobe Wing Stadium, in Hyōgo-ku, though some home matches are played at Kobe Universiade Memorial Stadium in Suma-ku.

Vissel Kobe
Full nameVissel Kobe
Nickname(s)Ushi (cows)
Founded1966; 53 years ago (1966)[1]
GroundNoevir Stadium Kobe
Hyōgo-ku, Kōbe, Hyōgo
ChairmanKatsuya Ishiyama
ManagerThorsten Fink
LeagueJ1 League
2019J1 League, 8th
WebsiteClub website
Current season
1995–04 crest
first home colours, used from 1995–04
Home's Stadium Kobe


The club was founded in 1966 as the semi-professional Kawasaki Steel Soccer Club in Kurashiki, Okayama Prefecture.[2] It was first promoted to the Japan Soccer League Division 2 in 1986, and stayed there until the JSL folded in 1992.[2]

In 1995, the city of Kobe reached an agreement with Kawasaki Steel, the parent company, to move the club to Kobe and compete for a spot in the professional J.League as Vissel Kobe. Vissel is a combination of the words "victory" and "vessel", in recognition of Kobe's history as a port city.[2] (Owing to its importance to the city of Kobe, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, parent company of former team patron Kawasaki Steel, remains a Vissel Kobe sponsor. Kawasaki Steel was eventually sold off to become part of JFE Holdings.)

Vissel Kobe began play in 1995 in the Japan Football League, a league below J.League, and the supermarket chain Daiei was slated as the club's primary investor. However, the economic downturn following the Great Hanshin earthquake forced Daiei to pull out and the city of Kobe became responsible for operating the club.

Despite finishing 2nd in the JFL in 1996, Vissel was promoted to the J.League (the champions, Honda FC, refused to abandon their corporate ownership and become a professional club) and began play in the top division of Japanese football in 1997. However, due to mismanagement, including the inability to secure investors and sponsors, Vissel has never been a contender for the league title. In December, 2003, mounting financial losses forced the club to file for bankruptcy protection.

In January, 2004, Vissel was sold to Crimson Group, parent company of online merchant Rakuten, whose president is Kobe native Hiroshi Mikitani. So far, Mikitani's attempts to strengthen the team have met little success. Vissel's first signing under the Mikitani regime, İlhan Mansız, who was acquired partly to capitalize on his popularity during the 2002 FIFA World Cup hosted in Korea and Japan, was a massive failure – the Turkish forward played just three matches before leaving the team because of a knee injury. Mikitani also alienated supporters by changing the team uniform colors from black and white stripes to crimson, after his Crimson Group and the color of his alma mater, Harvard Business School. (The Tohoku Rakuten Golden Eagles, a baseball team also owned by Rakuten but based in Sendai, wear the same colors.)

Vissel finished 11th in the league in 2004, the same position as the previous year, and finished 18th and last place in 2005, resulting in automatic relegation from J.League Division 1, or J1, to J2. During the two-year span, Vissel had five different head coaches. 2006 was Vissel's first season in J2 after nine years in the top division of soccer in Japan. They finished 3rd in the 2006 season and were promoted to J1 after beating Avispa Fukuoka in the promotion/relegation play-offs.

During the period of 2007 to 2011 Vissel finished in the bottom half of the table each year. In 2012 they finished 16th, third from last, and were again relegated to J2.

In 2013, Vissel finished in second place, 4 points behind Gamba Osaka, which secured their return to J1 for the 2014 season.

On 6 December 2014, Rakuten Inc. bought the team from the Crimson Group.[3]

In May 2018, Vissel signed 2010 FIFA World Cup winner Andrés Iniesta from FC Barcelona.[4]

Record as J.League memberEdit

Season Div. Tms. Pos. Attendance/G J.League Cup Emperor's Cup
1997 J1 17 16 6,567 Group Stage 4th round
1998 J1 18 17 7,686 Group Stage 3rd round
1999 J1 16 10 7,691 1st round 3rd round
2000 J1 16 13 7,512 2nd round Semi-final
2001 J1 16 12 13,872 2nd round 4th round
2002 J1 16 14 10,467 Group Stage 3rd round
2003 J1 16 13 11,195 Group Stage Quarter-final
2004 J1 16 11 15,735 Group Stage 4th round
2005 J1 18 18 14,913 Group Stage 4th round
2006 J2 13 3 6,910 3rd round
2007 J1 18 10 12,460 Group Stage 5th round
2008 J1 18 10 12,981 Group Stage 5th round
2009 J1 18 14 13,068 Group Stage 4th round
2010 J1 18 15 12,824 Group Stage 3rd round
2011 J1 18 9 13,233 1st round 3rd round
2012 J1 18 16 14,638 Group Stage 2nd round
2013 J2 22 2 11,516 3rd round
2014 J1 18 11 15,010 Quarter-final 2nd round
2015 J1 18 12 16,265 Semi-final Quarter-final
2016 J1 18 7 17,018 Quarter-final Round of 16
2017 J1 18 9 18,272 Quarter-final Quarter-final
2018 J1 18 10 21,450 Play-off stage 4th round
  • Tms. = Number of teams
  • Pos. = Position in league
  • Attendance/G = Average league attendance

League historyEdit

Total (as of 2014): 16 seasons in the top tier, 11 seasons in the second tier, 2 seasons in the third tier and 8 seasons in the Regional Leagues.


Current squadEdit

As of 20 August 2019[5]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1   GK Daiya Maekawa
2   DF Daisuke Nasu
3   DF Hirofumi Watanabe
4   DF Thomas Vermaelen
5   MF Hotaru Yamaguchi
6   MF Sergi Samper
7   FW David Villa
8   MF Andrés Iniesta (Captain)
9   FW Noriaki Fujimoto
10   FW Lukas Podolski
13   FW Keijiro Ogawa
16   FW Kyogo Furuhashi
17   FW Wellington
18   GK Hiroki Iikura
19   DF Ryo Hatsuse
20   MF Asahi Masuyama
21   FW Junya Tanaka
No. Position Player
22   DF Daigo Nishi
24   DF Gōtoku Sakai
25   DF Leo Osaki
27   MF Yuta Goke
28   GK Kenshin Yoshimaru
29   GK Kota Ogi
30   GK Genta Ito
31   MF Yuya Nakasaka
32   DF Wataru Hashimoto
33   DF Dankler
34   DF So Fujitani
35   MF Takuya Yasui
38   MF Daiju Sasaki
39   DF Tetsushi Yamakawa (designated special player)
41   FW Yutaro Oda (Type 2 Player)
42   MF Kakeru Yamauchi (Type 2 Player)
44   DF Joan Oumari

Out on loanEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
  DF Yuki Kobayashi (at FC Machida Zelvia)
  DF Daiki Miya (at Mito Hollyhock)
  MF Masatoshi Mihara (at Kashiwa Reysol)
No. Position Player
  MF Tatsuki Noda (at Kataller Toyama)
  FW Mike Havenaar (at   Bangkok United)
  FW Akito Mukai (at FC Imabari)


Manager Nat. Tenure
Stuart Baxter   Scotland 1997
Hiroshi Kato   Japan 1997
Benito Floro   Spain 1998
Harumi Kori   Japan 1998
Ryoichi Kawakatsu   Japan 1999–02
Hiroshi Matsuda   Japan Jan 2002 – Dec 02
Hiroshi Soejima   Japan 2003
Ivan Hašek   Czech Republic Jan 2003 – Dec 04
Hiroshi Kato   Japan 2004
Hideki Matsunaga   Japan Jan 2005 – April 5
Émerson Leão   Brazil May 2005 – June 5
Pavel Řehák   Czech Republic 2005
Stuart Baxter   Scotland Jan 2006 – Dec 06
Hiroshi Matsuda   Japan Jan 2007 – Dec 08
Caio Júnior   Brazil Dec 2008 – June 9
Masahiro Wada (interim)   Japan July 2009 – Aug 09
Toshiya Miura   Japan Aug 2009 – Sept 10
Masahiro Wada   Japan Sept 2010 – April 12
Ryo Adachi (interim)   Japan April 2012 – May 12
Akira Nishino   Japan May 22, 2012 – Nov 8, 2012
Ryo Adachi (interim)   Japan Nov 9, 2012 – Dec 31, 2012
Ryo Adachi   Japan Jan 1, 2013 – Dec 11, 2014
Nelsinho Baptista   Brazil Dec 12, 2014 – Aug 16, 2017
Takayuki Yoshida   Japan Aug 16, 2017 – Sep 16, 2018
Kentaro Hayashi (interim)   Japan Sep 17, 2017 – Oct 4, 2018
Juan Manuel Lillo   Spain Oct 5, 2018 – April 17, 2019
Takayuki Yoshida    Japan April 17, 2019 – Jun 8, 2019
Thorsten Fink   Germany Jun 8, 2019 –

Affiliated clubsEdit


  1. ^ "CLUBS & PLAYERS : J.LEAGUE.JP". Retrieved 15 October 2018.
  2. ^ a b c "Archived copy" Jリーグ – ヴィッセル神戸 [J.League – Vissel Kobe] (in Japanese). J.League. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 29 November 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "Rakuten Acquires Football Club Vissel Kobe and Joins the J-League". Rakuten Official Website.
  4. ^ "Iniesta signs with Japan's Vissel Kobe". 24 May 2018. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
  5. ^ "VISSEL KOBE OFFICIAL WEB SITE : Squad details". Retrieved 17 January 2019.
  6. ^ "J-League's Vissel Kobe announces business partnership with Thailand's Chonburi FC". Mar 30, 2012. Retrieved November 29, 2013.

External linksEdit