Spain national football team
The Spain national football team (Spanish: Selección de fútbol de España)[a] represents Spain in men's International association football and is controlled by the Royal Spanish Football Federation, the governing body for football in Spain. The current head coach is Julen Lopetegui after Vicente del Bosque stepped down following Euro 2016. The Spanish side is commonly referred to as La Roja ("The Red [One]"), La Furia Roja ("The Red Fury"), La Furia Española ("The Spanish Fury") or simply La Furia ("The Fury"). Spain became a member of FIFA in 1904 even though the Spanish Football Federation was first established in 1909. Spain's national team debuted in 1920. Since then, the Spanish national team has participated in a total of 14 of 20 FIFA World Cups and 10 of 15 UEFA European Championships.
|Association||Real Federación Española de Fútbol (RFEF)|
|Head coach||Julen Lopetegui|
|Most caps||Iker Casillas (167)|
|Top scorer||David Villa (59)|
|Current||6 2 (23 November 2017)|
|Highest||1 (July 2008 – June 2009, October 2009 – March 2010, July 2010 – July 2011, October 2011 – July 2014)|
|Lowest||25 (March 1998)|
|Current||3 (15 November 2017)|
|Highest||1 (September 1920 – May 1924, September – December 1925, June 2008 – June 2009, July 2010 – June 2013)|
|Lowest||20 (June 1969, June 1981, November 1991)|
| Spain 1–0 Denmark
(Brussels, Belgium; 28 August 1920)
| Spain 13–0 Bulgaria
(Madrid, Spain; 21 May 1933)
| Spain 1–7 Italy
(Amsterdam, Netherlands; 4 June 1928)
England 7–1 Spain
(London, England; 9 December 1931)
|Appearances||15 (first in 1934)|
|Best result||Champions, 2010|
|Appearances||10 (first in 1964)|
|Best result||Champions, 1964, 2008 and 2012|
|Appearances||2 (first in 2009)|
|Best result||Runners-up, 2013|
Spain are one of eight national teams to have been crowned FIFA World Cup champions, having won the 2010 tournament in South Africa, defeating the Netherlands 1–0 to become the first European team to win the title outside Europe as well as having won back-to-back European titles in Euro 2008 and Euro 2012, defeating Germany and Italy in the respective finals. These three successive titles make them the only national team so far with three consecutive wins of either the applicable continental championship or the World Cup. From 2008 to 2013, a six-year span, the national team won FIFA Team of the Year, the second-most of any nation, behind only Brazil. Between November 2006 and June 2009, Spain went undefeated for a record-equalling 35 consecutive matches before their upset loss to the United States, a record shared with Brazil. The team's achievements have led many commentators, experts and former players to consider the 2010 and 2012 Spanish sides among the best ever international sides in world football.
The first Spain national football team was constituted in 1920, with the main objective of finding a team that would represent Spain at the Summer Olympics held in Belgium in that same year. Spain made their debut at the tournament on 28 August 1920 against Denmark, silver medalists at the last two Olympic tournaments. The Spanish managed to win that match by a scoreline of 1–0, eventually finishing with the silver medal. Spain qualified for their first FIFA World Cup in 1934, defeating Brazil in their first game and losing in a replay to the hosts and eventual champions Italy in the quarter-finals. The Spanish Civil War and World War II prevented Spain from playing any competitive matches between the 1934 World Cup and the 1950 edition's qualifiers. At the 1950 finals in Brazil, they topped their group to progress to the final round, then finished in fourth place. Until 2010, this had been Spain's highest finish in a FIFA World Cup finals, which had given them the name of the "underachievers".
Spain won its first major international title when hosting the 1964 European Championship held in Spain, defeating the Soviet Union 2–1 in the final at the Santiago Bernabéu Stadium. The victory would stand as Spain's lone major title for 44 years. Spain was selected as host of the 1982 FIFA World Cup, reaching the second round, and four years later they reached the quarter-finals before a penalty shootout defeat to Belgium.
Javier Clemente was appointed as Spain's coach in 1992, leading them to the quarter-finals of the 1994 World Cup. The match became controversial when Italian defender Mauro Tassotti struck Luis Enrique with his elbow inside Spain's penalty area, causing Luis Enrique to bleed profusely from his nose and mouth, but he foul was not noticed nor sanctioned by referee Sándor Puhl. Had the official acknowledged the foul, Spain would have merited a penalty kick. In the 2002 World Cup, Spain won its three group play matches, then defeated the Republic of Ireland on penalties in the second round. They faced co-hosts South Korea in the quarter-finals, losing in a shootout after having two goals called back for alleged infractions during regular and extra time.
At UEFA Euro 2008, Spain won all their games in Group D. Italy were the opponents in the quarter-final match, which Spain won 4–2 on penalties. They then met Russia again in the semi-final, beating them 3–0. In the final, Spain defeated Germany 1–0, with Fernando Torres scoring the only goal of the game. This was Spain's first major title since the 1964 European Championship. Xavi was awarded the player of the tournament. In the 2010 World Cup, Spain advanced to the final for the first time ever by defeating Germany 1–0. In the decisive match against the Netherlands, Andrés Iniesta scored the match's only goal, coming in extra time. Spain became the third team to win a World Cup outside their own continent, and the first European team to do so. Goalkeeper Iker Casillas won the golden glove for only conceding two goals during the tournament, while David Villa won the bronze ball and silver boot, tied for top scorer of the tournament.
Spain qualified top of Group I in qualification for UEFA Euro 2012 with a perfect 100% record. They became the first team to retain the European Championship, winning the final 4–0 against Italy. Two years later, however, they were eliminated from the group stage of the 2014 World Cup.
Spain's traditional kit is a red jersey with yellow trim, dark blue shorts, and red socks while their current away kit is all white. The colour of the socks altered throughout the 1990s from black to the same colour as the blue shorts. Spain's kits have been produced by manufacturers including Adidas (from 1982 until 1984), Le Coq Sportif (from 1984 until 1992) and Adidas once again (since 1992). Rather than displaying the logo of the Spanish football federation, Spain's jersey traditionally features the coat of arms of Spain over the left breast. After winning the 2010 World Cup, the World Cup winners badge was added to the right breast of the jersey and a golden star at the top of the Spanish coat of arms.
Style of playEdit
Tiki-taka is, above all, a systems approach to football founded upon team unity and a comprehensive understanding in the geometry of space on a football field.
Tiki-taka has been variously described as "a style of play based on making your way to the back of the net through short passing and movement", a "short passing style in which the ball is worked carefully through various channels", and a "nonsensical phrase that has come to mean short passing, patience and possession above all else". The style involves roaming movement and positional interchange amongst midfielders, moving the ball in intricate patterns, and sharp, one or two-touch passing. Tiki-taka is "both defensive and offensive in equal measure" – the team is always in possession, so doesn't need to switch between defending and attacking. Commentators have contrasted tiki-taka with "Route One physicality" and with the higher-tempo passing of Barcelona and Arsène Wenger's 2007–08 Arsenal side, which employed Cesc Fàbregas as the only channel between defence and attack. Tiki-taka is associated with flair, creativity, and touch, but can also be taken to a "slow, directionless extreme" that sacrifices effectiveness for aesthetics.
Sid Lowe identifies Luis Aragonés' tempering of tiki-taka with pragmatism as a key factor in Spain's success in Euro 2008. Aragonés used tiki-taka to "protect a defense that appeared suspect [...], maintain possession and dominate games" without taking the style to "evangelical extremes". None of Spain's first six goals in the tournament came from tiki-taka: five came from direct breaks and one from a set play. For Lowe, Spain's success in the 2010 World Cup was evidence of the meeting of two traditions in Spanish football: the "powerful, aggressive, direct" style that earned the silver medal-winning 1920 Antwerp Olympics team the nickname La Furia Roja ("The Red Fury") and the tiki-taka style of the contemporary Spanish team, which focused on a collective, short-passing, technical and possession-based game.
Analyzing Spain's semi-final victory over Germany at the 2010 World Cup, Honigstein described the Spanish team's tiki-taka style as "the most difficult version of football possible: an uncompromising passing game, coupled with intense, high pressing". For Honigstein, tiki-taka is "a significant upgrade" of Total Football because it relies on ball movement rather than players switching position. Tiki-taka allowed Spain to "control both the ball and the opponent".
Spain does not have a designated national stadium, and as such, major qualifying matches are usually played at the Santiago Bernabéu Stadium in Madrid. Other large grounds used include the Mestalla in Valencia. Some international friendlies are played in these larger stadia, as well as the Ramón Sánchez Pizjuán Stadium in Seville. Barcelona, the second largest city in Spain has not hosted an international match with Spain playing since 2004 (held at the Montjuic Olympic Stadium), and the largest stadium in Spain and Europe, the Camp Nou has not hosted an international match with Spain playing since 1987.
Other friendly matches, as well as qualifying fixtures against smaller opponents, are played in provincial stadia. The 2014 FIFA World Cup qualification campaign included matches at El Molinón in Gijón, the Iberostar Stadium in Palma, and the Estadio Carlos Belmonte in Albacete.
Media coverage in SpainEdit
|Head coach||Julen Lopetegui|
|Assistant coach||Toni Grande|
|Goalkeeping coach||José Manuel Ochotorena|
|Trainer||Francisco Javier Miñano Espín|
The following players were called up for the friendly matches against Costa Rica and Russia on 11 and 14 November 2017.
Caps and goals updated as of 14 November 2017 after the match against Russia.
|#||Pos.||Player||Date of birth (age)||Caps||Goals||Club|
|1||GK||David de Gea||7 November 1990||25||0||Manchester United|
|13||GK||Kepa Arrizabalaga||3 October 1994||1||0||Athletic Bilbao|
|23||GK||Pepe Reina||31 August 1982||36||0||Napoli|
|2||DF||Álvaro Odriozola||14 December 1995||2||0||Real Sociedad|
|3||DF||Gerard Piqué||2 February 1987||94||5||Barcelona|
|4||DF||Marc Bartra||15 January 1991||13||0||Borussia Dortmund|
|14||DF||Nacho||18 January 1990||14||0||Real Madrid|
|15||DF||Sergio Ramos (captain)||30 March 1986||149||13||Real Madrid|
|16||DF||Alberto Moreno||5 July 1992||4||0||Liverpool|
|18||DF||Jordi Alba||21 March 1989||58||8||Barcelona|
|5||MF||Sergio Busquets||16 July 1988||102||2||Barcelona|
|6||MF||Andrés Iniesta||11 May 1984||123||14||Barcelona|
|8||MF||Saúl||21 November 1994||7||0||Atlético Madrid|
|10||MF||Thiago||11 April 1991||25||1||Bayern Munich|
|12||MF||Luis Alberto||28 September 1992||1||0||Lazio|
|20||MF||Marco Asensio||21 January 1996||8||0||Real Madrid|
|21||MF||David Silva||8 January 1986||118||35||Manchester City|
|24||MF||Suso||19 November 1993||1||0||Milan|
|25||MF||Asier Illarramendi||8 March 1990||3||1||Real Sociedad|
|7||FW||Álvaro Morata||23 October 1992||23||13||Chelsea|
|9||FW||José Callejón||11 February 1987||5||0||Napoli|
|11||FW||Vitolo||2 November 1989||12||4||Las Palmas|
|17||FW||Iago Aspas||1 August 1987||7||3||Celta Vigo|
|19||FW||Rodrigo||6 March 1991||3||1||Valencia|
The following players have been called up for the team in the last twelve months.
|Pos.||Player||Date of birth (age)||Caps||Goals||Club||Latest call-up|
|GK||Sergio Rico||1 September 1993||1||0||Sevilla||v. France, 28 March 2017|
|DF||Nacho Monreal||26 February 1986||21||1||Arsenal||v. Israel, 9 October 2017|
|DF||César Azpilicueta||28 August 1989||20||0||Chelsea||v. Israel, 9 October 2017|
|DF||Dani Carvajal||11 January 1992||13||0||Real Madrid||v. Albania, 6 October 2017|
|DF||Javi Martínez||2 September 1988||18||0||Bayern Munich||v. France, 28 March 2017|
|MF||Isco||21 April 1992||25||7||Real Madrid||v. Costa Rica, 11 November 2017 INJ|
|MF||Koke||8 January 1992||36||0||Atlético Madrid||v. Israel, 9 October 2017|
|MF||Jonathan Viera||21 October 1989||1||0||Las Palmas||v. Israel, 9 October 2017|
|MF||Ander Herrera||14 August 1989||2||0||Manchester United||v. France, 28 March 2017|
|FW||Pedro||28 July 1987||65||17||Chelsea||v. Israel, 9 October 2017|
|FW||Aritz Aduriz||11 February 1981||13||2||Athletic Bilbao||v. Israel, 9 October 2017|
|FW||Gerard Deulofeu||13 March 1994||4||1||Barcelona||v. Liechtenstein, 5 September 2017|
|FW||Lucas Vázquez||1 July 1991||3||0||Real Madrid||v. Liechtenstein, 5 September 2017|
|FW||David Villa||3 December 1981||98||59||New York City||v. Italy, 2 September 2017|
|FW||Diego Costa||7 October 1988||16||6||Atlético Madrid||v. Macedonia, 11 June 2017|
INJ Player withdrew from the squad due to an injury.
Iker Casillas holds the record for most appearances for the Spanish team with 167 since 2000. He is one of eight Spanish players to have reached 100 caps. Sergio Ramos has played for Spain 148 times since his debut in 2005 and is the second most capped player. Xavi is third, having played 133 times between 2000 and 2014.
David Villa holds the title of Spain's highest goalscorer, scoring 59 goals since 2005, during which time he played for Spain on 98 occasions. Raúl González is the second highest goalscorer, scoring 44 goals in 102 appearances between 1996 and 2006. Fernando Torres is the third highest goalscorer with 38 goals in 110 appearances since 2003.
Between November 2006 and June 2009, Spain went undefeated for a record-equaling 35 consecutive matches before their loss to the United States in the Confederations Cup, a record shared with Brazil, and included a record 15-game winning streak. In the 2010 FIFA World Cup, Spain became the first European national team to lift the World Cup trophy outside Europe; along with Brazil, Germany and Argentina, Spain is one of the four national teams to have won the FIFA World Cup outside its home continent.
Most capped playersEdit
|1||David Villa (list)||2005–||59||98||0.60|
|3||Fernando Torres (list)||2003–||38||110||0.35|
|8||Alfredo Di Stefano||1957–1961||23||31||0.74|
Results and fixturesEdit
- For all past match results of the national team, see single-season articles and the team's results page
The following matches were played or are scheduled to be played by the national team in the current or upcoming seasons.
|24 March 2017 2018 FIFA WCQ||Spain||4–1||Israel||El Molinón, Gijón|
|Refaelov 76'||Attendance: 20,321
Referee: Michael Oliver (England)
|28 March 2017 Friendly||France||0–2||Spain||Stade de France, Paris|
|Report (UEFA)||Silva 68' (pen.)
Referee: Felix Zwayer (Germany)
|7 June 2017 Friendly||Spain||2–2||Colombia||Nueva Condomina, Murcia|
|Report (Goal.com)||Cardona 39'
Referee: Slavko Vinčić (Slovenia)
|11 June 2017 2018 FIFA WCQ||Macedonia||1–2||Spain||Philip II Arena, Skopje|
|Ristovski 66'||Report (FIFA)
Referee: Paweł Gil (Poland)
|2 September 2017 2018 FIFA WCQ||Spain||3–0||Italy||Santiago Bernabéu Stadium, Madrid|
|Isco 13', 40'
Referee: Björn Kuipers (Netherlands)
|5 September 2017 2018 FIFA WCQ||Liechtenstein||0–8||Spain||Rheinpark Stadion, Vaduz|
Morata 15', 54'
Aspas 51', 63'
Göppel (o.g.) 89'
Referee: Ivaylo Stoyanov (Bulgaria)
|6 October 2017 2018 FIFA WCQ||Spain||3–0||Albania||Rico Pérez, Alicante|
|Referee: Aleksei Eskov (Russia)
|9 October 2017 2018 FIFA WCQ||Israel||0–1||Spain||Teddy Stadium, Jerusalem|
|Illarramendi 76'||Attendance: 28.700
Referee: Craig Thomson (Scotland)
|11 November 2017 Friendly||Spain||5–0||Costa Rica||La Rosaleda Stadium, Málaga|
Silva 51', 55'
|14 November 2017 Friendly||Russia||3–3||Spain||Krestovsky Stadium, Saint Petersburg|
|21:45 MSK (UTC+3)
18:45 CEST (UTC+2)
|Smolov 41', 70'
Ramos 35' (pen.), 54' (pen.)
|15 June 2018 2018 FIFA World Cup Group Stage||Portugal||v||Spain||Fisht Olympic Stadium, Sochi|
|20 June 2018 2018 FIFA World Cup Group Stage||Iran||v||Spain||Kazan Arena, Kazan|
- For the all-time record of the national team against opposing nations, see the team's all-time record page.
FIFA World CupEdit
Champions Runners-up Third Place Fourth Place
|FIFA World Cup finals record||FIFA World Cup qualification record|
|1930||Did Not Enter|
|1954||Did Not qualify||3||1||1||1||6||3|
|1970||Did Not qualify||6||2||2||2||10||6|
|1982||Round 2 (Group of 12)||12th||5||1||2||2||4||5||Qualified as host|
|1990||Round of 16||10th||4||2||1||1||6||4||8||6||1||1||20||3|
|2006||Round of 16||9th||4||3||0||1||9||4||10||5||5||0||19||3|
|2022||To be determined|
|Spain's World Cup record|
|First Match|| Spain 3–1 Brazil
(27 May 1934; Genoa, Italy)
|Biggest Win|| Spain 6–1 Bulgaria
(24 June 1998; Lens, France)
|Biggest Defeat|| Brazil 6–1 Spain
(13 July 1950; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
|Best Result||Champions at the 2010 FIFA World Cup|
|Worst Result||Group stage in 1962, 1966, 1978, 1998 and 2014|
FIFA Confederations CupEdit
|FIFA Confederations Cup record|
|1992||UEFA did not participate|
|1995||Did not qualify|
|2017||Did not qualify|
|Spain's Confederations Cup record|
|First Match|| Spain 5–0 New Zealand
(Rustenburg, South Africa; 14 June 2009)
|Biggest Win|| Spain 10–0 Tahiti
(Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; 20 June 2013)
|Biggest Defeat|| Brazil 3–0 Spain
(Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; 30 June 2013)
|Best Result||Runners-up in 2013|
|Worst Result||Third place in 2009|
UEFA European ChampionshipEdit
|UEFA European Championship record||Qualification record|
|1960||Did not qualify [b]||2||2||0||0||7||2|
|1968||Did not qualify||8||3||2||3||7||5|
|1992||Did not qualify||7||3||0||4||17||12|
|2016||Round of 16||10th||4||2||0||2||5||4||10||9||0||1||23||3|
|2020||To Be Determined|
|Spain's European Championship record|
|First Match|| Spain 2–1 Hungary
(Madrid, Spain; 17 June 1964)
|Biggest Win|| Spain 4–0 Republic of Ireland
(Gdańsk, Poland; 14 June 2012)
Spain 4–0 Italy
(Kiev, Ukraine; 1 July 2012)
|Biggest Defeat|| France 2–0 Spain
(Paris, France; 27 June 1984)
Germany 2–0 Spain
(Munich, Germany; 17 June 1988)
Italy 2–0 Spain
(Saint-Denis, France; 27 June 2016)
|Best Result||Champions in 1964, 2008, and 2012|
|Worst Result||Group stage in 1980, 1988 and 2004|
UEFA Nations LeagueEdit
|Summer Olympics record|
|1948||Did not qualify|
|1972||Did not qualify|
|1984||Did not qualify|
|2004||Did not qualify|
|2016||Did not qualify|
|Total||1 Gold Medal||10/21||37||19||7||10||56||39|
* Denotes draws including knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.
|Mediterranean Games record|
|1951||Did not qualify|
|1959||Did not qualify|
|1971||Did not enter|
|2001||Did not qualify|
|2013||Did not enter|
- This is a list of honours for the senior Spanish national team
- Winners (1): 2010
- Winners (1): 2011
- Unofficial Awards
- Winners (3): 2008, 2010, 2012
- Winners (1): 2010
- Winners (1): 2012
- Holders (5): 11 June 1961 – 31 May 1962, 12 January 1972 – 2 May 1973, 18 June 1986 – 22 June 1986, 28 March 2001 – 27 March 2002, 11 July 2010 – 7 September 2010
- Spain women's national football team
- Spain national under-23 football team
- Spain national under-21 football team
- Spain national under-20 football team
- Spain national under-19 football team
- Spain national under-18 football team
- Spain national under-17 football team
- Spain national under-16 football team
- Spain national under-15 football team
- Spain national youth football team
- Spain national football team head to head
- International Double
- Spanish pronunciation:
Selección de fútbol de España [seleɣˈθjon de ˈfuðβol de esˈpaɲa]
La Roja [la ˈroxa]
La Furia Roja [la ˈfuɾja ˈroxa]
La Furia [la ˈfuɾja]
La Furia Española [la ˈfuɾja espaˈɲola]
- Spain refused to travel to the Soviet Union for their qualification quarter-final, so Spain were disqualified and the Soviet Union were awarded a walkover victory.
- ""La Roja" from Miguel, Spain". 17 June 2010. Retrieved 30 June 2010.
- "La Roja lean to the left". FIFA. 16 June 2009. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
- "Statistics – Most-capped players". European football database. Retrieved 9 January 2016.
- Since 1992, squads for Football at the Summer Olympics have been restricted to three players over the age of 23, which Javier will play in 2016. The achievements of such teams are not usually included in the statistics of the international team.
- Martin, Richard; Huerta, Dani (4 July 2016). "Vicente del Bosque calls time on Spain reign". UEFA. Retrieved 11 July 2016.
- "La red social de aficionados de la Selección Española". Juegalaroja.com. Retrieved 24 June 2012.
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- http://www.rsssf.com/miscellaneous/fifa-awards.html#team Archived 12 January 2016 at the Wayback Machine.
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- "Uruguay triumph brings heartbreak for Brazil". FIFA. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
- Bull, JJ. "Xavi: The greatest midfielder of a generation". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
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- Estepa, Javier. "Los penaltis cerraron las puertas de las 'semis' a La Roja" [Penalties close the doors to the semis for La Roja]. Marca (in Spanish). Retrieved 7 September 2015.
- Jurado, J. Carlos. "El perdón de Luis Enrique a Tassotti que nunca llegó" [The pardon from Tassotti to Luis Enrique which never arrived]. Marca (in Spanish). Retrieved 7 September 2015.
- Hayward, Paul (23 June 2002). "Korean miracle spoilt by refereeing farce". London: Telegraph. Retrieved 24 June 2012.
- "Euro 2008 Final Preview: Germany vs Spain". 29 June 2008. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- McNulty, Phil (29 June 2008). "Germany 0–1 Spain". BBC Sport. London. Retrieved 20 August 2009.
- Spanish players named in the team of the tournament were: goalkeeper and captain Iker Casillas; defenders Carles Puyol and Carlos Marchena; midfielders Xavi, Cesc Fàbregas, Andrés Iniesta and Marcos Senna; and strikers David Villa and Fernando Torres.
- Krishnan, Joe (18 June 2014). "World Cup 2014: Spain and the World Cup holders who crashed out at the group stage". The Independent. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
- Ladyman, Ian (8 July 2010). "Beat Spain? It's hard enough to get the ball back, say defeated Germany". London: Mail Online. Retrieved 13 July 2010.
- Davies, Jed C. (16 July 2012). "Systems Football: The Basics – Tiki-Taka / Totaal-Voetball. This system is highly influenced by Fc Barcelona passing game (already based on Dutch 70s football principles)". EPLindex. London. Retrieved 31 July 2012.
- Marcotti, Gabriele (14 April 2008). "New coaching breed gives heart to Spain". The Times. London. Retrieved 18 October 2010.
- Hynter, David (10 June 2008). "Fábregas takes positive view, from the bench". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 13 July 2010.
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- Pearce, Jonathan (29 June 2008). "If Spain can reign it will be so good for the old game". Sunday Mirror. Retrieved 13 July 2010.
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- Clegg, Jonathan; Espinoza, Javier (31 March 2010). "Fantasy football comes alive". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 13 July 2010.
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- Ross, Dan (22 March 2013). "Pukki the hero as Finland frustrate Spain". UEFA. Retrieved 9 August 2014.
- "World Cup qualifier: Spain on verge of qualification after 2–1 win over Belarus". Sky Sports News. 11 October 2013. Retrieved 9 August 2014.
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- "Spain national football team goal scorers". European football database. Retrieved 9 January 2016.
- "Ranking – Goals". BDFUTBOL. Retrieved 28 December 2015.
- "Mediterranean Cup and Mediterranean Games - Overview". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation.