FIFA Confederations Cup

The FIFA Confederations Cup was an international association football tournament for men's national teams, held every four years by FIFA. It was contested by the holders of each of the six continental championships (AFC, CAF, CONCACAF, CONMEBOL, OFC, and UEFA), along with the current FIFA World Cup holder and the host nation, to bring the number of teams up to eight.

FIFA Confederations Cup
Парк Кубка Конфедераций в Сочи 14.jpg
The trophy awarded to champions
Organising bodyFIFA
Abolished2017; 5 years ago (2017)
Number of teams8 (from 6 confederations)
Related competitionsCONMEBOL–UEFA Cup of Champions
Last champions Germany (1st title)
Most successful team(s) Brazil (4 titles)

Between 2001 and 2017 (with an exception in 2003), the tournament was held in the country that would host the World Cup the following year, acting as a test event for the larger tournament.

The last champions were Germany, who won the 2017 FIFA Confederations Cup by defeating Chile 1–0 in the final to win their first title.

In March 2019, FIFA confirmed that the tournament would no longer be staged, with its slot replaced by an expansion of the FIFA Club World Cup, as well as the 2021 FIFA Arab Cup, as a prelude to the 2022 FIFA World Cup.[1][2]


King Fahd CupEdit

The tournament was originally organized by and held in Saudi Arabia, contested in 1992 and 1995 by the Saudi national side and some continental champions. Disputed as the King Fahd Cup (Confederations Winners Cup or Intercontinental Championship), in honor of the then Saudi ruler who organized the tournament with his country's federation.[3]

Confederations Cup eraEdit

In 1997, FIFA took over the organization of the tournament, named it the FIFA Confederations Cup and staged the competition every two years and recognized the first two editions in 1997.[4]

Germany (red shirt) v Brazil at the Frankenstadion, 2005

After 2005, it was held every four years, in the year prior to each World Cup in the host country of the forthcoming World Cup (the 2001 edition was hosted in South Korea and Japan, before the quadrennial pattern was established). Considered a dress rehearsal for the World Cup it precedes, it used around half of the stadiums intended for use at the following year's competition and gave the host nation, which qualified for that tournament automatically, experience at a high level of competition during the two years. At the same time, participation was made optional for the South American and European champions.[5]

Generally, the host nation, the World Cup holders, and the six continental champions qualified for the competition. In those cases where a team meets more than one of the qualification criteria (such as the 2001 tournament where France qualified as the World Cup champions and European champions), another team was invited to participate, often the runner-up in a competition that the extra-qualified team won.[citation needed]

On four occasions teams have chosen not to participate in the tournament. Germany did so twice, in 1997 (replaced by Euro 1996 runners-up Czech Republic) and in 2003 when Germany were awarded a place as the 2002 World Cup runners-up, replaced by the third-placed team Turkey. World champions France declined a place in the 1999 Confederations Cup, replaced by Brazil, the 1998 World Cup runners-up. Italy, UEFA Euro 2000 runners up, declined their place in the 2003 FIFA Confederations Cup.[citation needed]

Spain v Tahiti in 2013

An earlier tournament that invited former World Cup winners, the 1980 Mundialito, celebrated the fiftieth anniversary of the first World Cup. The Artemio Franchi Trophy, contested in 1985 and 1993 between the winners of the Copa América and UEFA European Football Championship, was another example of an earlier contest between football confederations. Both of these are considered by some to be a form of unofficial precursor to the Confederations Cup, although FIFA recognised only the 1992 tournaments onwards to be Confederations Cup winners.[6]

2021 tournament and abolitionEdit

The 2021 tournament was originally to be held in Qatar, the host country of the 2022 FIFA World Cup, as announced on 2 December 2010 after the country was awarded the hosting rights of the 2022 FIFA World Cup. However, concerns arose surrounding Qatar's high temperatures during the summer period (which also led to calls for the World Cup to be moved from its traditional June–July scheduling to November–December).[7]

On 25 February 2015, this resulted in FIFA officially announcing that it would move the 2021 Confederations Cup to another country of the Asian Football Confederation, so it could still be held during the traditional window of June/July 2021, without interrupting domestic leagues. As compensation, another FIFA tournament, potentially the 2021 FIFA Club World Cup, could be held in Qatar in November–December 2021, as the test event for the 2022 World Cup.[8][9]

In October 2017, FIFA divulged plans to abolish the Confederations Cup by 2021 and replace it with a quadrennial, 24-team FIFA Club World Cup and move the latter tournament from December to June.[10] On 15 March 2019, FIFA announced that the Confederations Cup would be abolished, with an expanded FIFA Club World Cup taking place instead.[1]


In July 2021, UEFA president Aleksander Ceferin and CONMEBOL president Alejandro Dominguez began efforts to launch a competition competed by the winners of the Copa America and the European Championship. The idea is to have the European Championship and Copa America to both be played two years ahead of World Cups, with the new tournament to then be played a year before a World Cup in the nation that will host the World Cup. An edition of the tournament was being considered for 2022 and on 1 June 2022, Argentina beat Italy in the 2022 Finalissima, a relaunch of the CONMEBOL–UEFA Cup of Champions.[11]


The eight qualified teams were drawn into two round-robin groups: two teams from the same confederation could not be drawn in a group, except if there were three teams from the same confederation (something that only happened in the 2017 edition when hosts Russia were joined by World Cup champions Germany and European champions Portugal). Every team played all other teams in their group once, for three matches.

The top two teams of each group advanced to the semi-finals, with the winners of each group playing the runners-up of the other group. The rankings of teams in each group were determined as follows (regulations Article 19.6):

  1. points obtained in all group matches;
  2. goal difference in all group matches;
  3. number of goals scored in all group matches;

If two or more teams were equal on the basis of the above three criteria, their rankings were determined as follows:

  1. points obtained in the group matches between the teams concerned;
  2. goal difference in the group matches between the teams concerned;
  3. number of goals scored in the group matches between the teams concerned;
  4. fair play points
    • first yellow card: minus 1 point;
    • indirect red card (second yellow card): minus 3 points;
    • direct red card: minus 4 points;
    • yellow card and direct red card: minus 5 points;
  5. drawing of lots by the FIFA Organising Committee.

The winners of the semi-finals advanced to the final, while the losers played in the third-place game. For the knockout stage, if the score was drawn at the end of regular time, extra time was played (two periods of 15 minutes each) and followed, if necessary, by a penalty shoot-out to determine the winner.


FIFA Confederations CupEdit

The first two editions were in fact the defunct King Fahd Cup. FIFA later recognized them retroactively as Confederations Cup editions.[12]

Ed. Year Host First place game Third place game No. of
  Champions Score   Runners-up   Third place Score Fourth place
1 1992   Saudi Arabia  
Saudi Arabia
United States
Ivory Coast
2 1995   Saudi Arabia  
1–1 (a.e.t.)
(5–4 p)
3 1997   Saudi Arabia  
Czech Republic
4 1999   Mexico  
United States
Saudi Arabia
5 2001  
6 2003   France  
1–0 (a.e.t.)  
7 2005   Germany  
4–3 (a.e.t.)  
8 2009   South Africa  
United States
3–2 (a.e.t.)  
South Africa
9 2013   Brazil  
2–2 (a.e.t.)
(3–2 p)
10 2017   Russia  
2–1 (a.e.t.)  

Teams reaching the top fourEdit

Team Titles Runners-up Third Place Fourth Place
  Brazil 4 (1997, 2005, 2009, 2013*) 1 (1999) 1 (2001)
  France 2 (2001, 2003*)
  Argentina 1 (1992) 2 (1995, 2005)
  Mexico 1 (1999*) 1 (1995) 2 (2005, 2017)
  Germany 1 (2017) 1 (2005*)
  Denmark 1 (1995)
  United States 1 (2009) 2 (1992, 1999)
  Australia 1 (1997) 1 (2001)
  Spain 1 (2013) 1 (2009)
  Saudi Arabia 1 (1992*) 1 (1999)
  Japan 1 (2001*)
  Cameroon 1 (2003)
  Chile 1 (2017)
  Czech Republic 1 (1997)
  Turkey 1 (2003)
  Italy 1 (2013)
  Portugal 1 (2017)
  Uruguay 2 (1997, 2013)
  Ivory Coast 1 (1992)
  Nigeria 1 (1995)
  Colombia 1 (2003)
  South Africa 1 (2009*)
* hosts

Records and statisticsEdit

Individual recordsEdit


Top goalscorer in single tournamentEdit

7 goals, Romário of   Brazil in 1997[13]

Overall top goalscorersEdit

Player Country Goals
Ronaldinho   Brazil 9
Cuauhtémoc Blanco   Mexico
Fernando Torres   Spain 8
Adriano   Brazil 7
Romário   Brazil
Marzouk Al-Otaibi   Saudi Arabia 6
David Villa   Spain
Alex   Brazil 5
John Aloisi   Australia
Luís Fabiano   Brazil
Fred   Brazil
Robert Pires   France
Vladimír Šmicer   Czech Republic


  1. ^ a b "FIFA Council votes for the introduction of a revamped FIFA Club World Cup". 15 March 2019. Archived from the original on 16 July 2019. Retrieved 15 March 2019.
  2. ^ "FIFA President confirms 22 national teams will participate in FIFA Arab Cup 2021 in Qatar". Archived from the original on 25 November 2020. Retrieved 25 November 2020.
  3. ^ For FIFA statute, official competitions are those for representative teams organized by FIFA or any confederation. Representative teams are usually national teams but also club teams that represent a confederation in the interconfederal competitions or a member association in a continental competition cfr. "FIFA Statutes, April 2016 edition" (PDF). p. 5. Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 December 2019. Retrieved 15 December 2019. cfr. "FIFA Club World Cup UAE 2018: Statistical-kit" (PDF). 10 December 2018. p. 13. Archived (PDF) from the original on 27 March 2019. Retrieved 15 December 2019. cfr. "2018/19 UEFA Champions League regulations" (PDF). p. 10. Archived (PDF) from the original on 12 May 2018. Retrieved 15 December 2019.
  4. ^ "FIFA Confederations Cup" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 13 May 2017.
  5. ^ "2005/2006 season: final worldwide matchday to be 14 May 2006". FIFA. 19 December 2004. Archived from the original on 12 July 2012. Retrieved 6 January 2012.
  6. ^ "Intercontinental Cup for Nations". RSSSF. 16 July 2009. Archived from the original on 15 July 2017. Retrieved 6 January 2012.
  7. ^ "FIFA Executive Committee confirms November/December event period for Qatar 2022". FIFA. 19 March 2015. Archived from the original on 10 September 2018. Retrieved 15 March 2019.
  8. ^ "FIFA strips Qatar of Confederations Cup". CBC Sports. Archived from the original on 25 July 2018. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
  9. ^ "Late-November/late-December proposed for the 2022 FIFA World Cup". 24 February 2015. Archived from the original on 10 September 2018. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
  10. ^ "Expanded Club World Cup could replace Confederations Cup – Infantino". ESPN. 28 October 2017. Archived from the original on 15 December 2017. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
  11. ^ "A Euro-America cup looks likely: European champions against South American champions". Marca. 4 July 2021.
  12. ^ "Tournament archive". Archived from the original on 9 September 2015. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
  13. ^ *FIFA Confederations Cup Saudi Arabia 1997,

External linksEdit