Fred (footballer, born 1983)
|Full name||Frederico Chaves Guedes|
|Date of birth||3 October 1983|
|Place of birth||Teófilo Otoni, Minas Gerais, Brazil|
|Height||1.86 m (6 ft 1 in)|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only and correct as of 28 June 2020|
Fred began his career at América Mineiro before transferring to local rivals Cruzeiro in 2004. After two seasons there, he moved to Lyon of France in a protracted transfer saga, and won three consecutive Ligue 1 titles. He made his international debut for Brazil in 2005 and was selected for the 2006 World Cup, and was also part of their victories at the 2007 Copa América and the 2013 Confederations Cup. From 2009 to 2016, Fred played for Fluminense, where he won two Campeonato Brasileiro Série A titles in two years (2010 and 2012) and Campeonato Carioca (2012 – scoring in final). In June 2016, Fred signed for Atlético Mineiro.
Fred scored one of the fastest goals in professional football history while playing for América Mineiro, against Vila Nova during a Copa São Paulo de Juniores match. The goal was scored 3.17 seconds after the match started.
Brazil and transfer sagaEdit
Fred spent four seasons at América Mineiro of Belo Horizonte before he left for their city rival Cruzeiro in middle of the 2004 season. As Feyenoord had an agreement with América, the Dutch club received Magrão from Cruzeiro, and retained 10% economic rights on Fred, and Fred himself held 15%.
After scoring 41 goals in 43 games for Cruzeiro in the 2005 season, Fred was signed by defending Ligue 1 champions Lyon for €15 million. (of which €3 million was received by Fred, 5% as a solidarity contribution, €1.4 million to Lyon's agent and €510,913 in Brazilian taxes). Feyenoord then claimed Cruzeiro's 10% of the transfer fee, as the club alleged the fee was €1.5 million instead of the €933,908.70 in Cruzeiro's viewpoint. The Dutch club sued to the Court of Arbitration for Sport and won.
With 14 goals in his first season, Fred was the second-highest goalscorer in the 2005–06 Ligue 1 season, and won his first league title with Lyon. Although he missed two months of the 2006–07 season, Fred still scored 11 goals in 20 games, and was the club's top scorer as Lyon defended their title. During the 2007–08 season, however, Fred was injured during a training session at the 2007 Copa América. He made his comeback in October 2007, but due to competition with new signing Milan Baroš and youth product Karim Benzema, Fred had limited first team opportunities. Arguably, his most known moment was scoring the goal against Real Madrid in the group stage of the UEFA Champions League after a long pass by Juninho, where he outstrengthed defenders Sergio Ramos and Fabio Cannavaro before chipping the ball over goalkeeper Iker Casillas and into the goal. Fred played 15 games out of possible 20 for Lyon in the 2008–09 season. He played his last match for Lyon on 10 January 2009 after he requested to leave the club in December 2008. On 26 February 2009, he was released from his contract.
After being released from Lyon and refusing to return from Brazil, Fred signed a pre-contract with Brazilian club Fluminense, consequently agreeing to a five-year deal. He scored twice on his debut on 15 March 2009, as Fluminense beat Macaé 3–1. Fred helped Fluminense escape from relegation in 2009, and subsequently was the leader of the team that won the 2010 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A. Later in July 2011, he went on to break the record for most goals in the Brasileiro when he scored a brace against Bahia, taking his tally to 44 goals. The record was previously held by Magno Alves. On 11 November 2012, Fred scored two goals in a 3–2 win over Palmeiras, clinching the 2012 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A for Fluminense. Fred almost left the club after disagreements with head coach Levir Culpi in April 2016, but eventually remained.
On 8 June 2016, Atlético Mineiro club president Daniel Nepomuceno announced on his Twitter account that the club had signed Fred. The player agreed to a two-year deal with the club, according to its press representatives. Fred made his Atlético debut on 12 June 2016 in the Clássico Mineiro against rivals Cruzeiro. He scored and celebrated against his former club in a 2–3 defeat at the Estádio Independência. Fred was the top goalscorer of the 2016 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, along with two other players, with 14 goals. He achieved the feat for the third time in his career, which is a record (also shared, with Romário, Túlio Maravilha and Dadá Maravilha).
Return to CruzeiroEdit
On 23 December 2017, Fred and Atlético agreed on the termination of his contract and on the same day it was announced his return to Cruzeiro, 12 years after originally leaving. He made his second debut for the club on 17 January 2018, in the season opening match against Tupi at the Mineirão in the Campeonato Mineiro, which ended in a 2–0 win for Cruzeiro.
Return to FluminenseEdit
Fred made his debut for Brazil as a late substitute in a friendly match against Guatemala on 27 April 2005. He scored his first two international goals on 12 November 2005 in an 8–0 friendly win against the United Arab Emirates.
Although he did not play during the qualifying campaign, Fred was named in Brazil's 2006 FIFA World Cup squad as a cover for strikers Ronaldo, Adriano and Robinho. After entering as a substitute, he scored in a 2–0 victory against Australia on 18 June when he tapped-in a shot from Robinho which had rebounded off the inside of goalkeeper Mark Schwarzer's near post in the 90th minute. The result put Brazil into the last 16 with a game to spare.
In the 2011 Copa América, Fred scored an 89th-minute equaliser against Paraguay in a 2–2 draw. In the quarter-finals, he was one of four Brazil players to miss in a 2–0 penalty shootout loss against the same opposition.
In 2013, Fred was established as Brazil's first-choice centre-forward by returning manager Luiz Felipe Scolari. On 6 February, Fred scored in a 2–1 defeat to England at Wembley Stadium, and went on to score in the return fixture, becoming the first player to score at the renovated Maracanã Stadium.
At the 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup, Fred was the joint topscorer of the tournament with five goals, and was awarded the Silver Shoe. On 22 June, he scored twice against Italy in a 4–2 group stage win. He later scored in a 2–1 semi-final victory over Uruguay, and capped his successful Confederations Cup campaign with two goals against Spain in the competition's final to help Brazil to a 3–0 victory.
In May 2014, Fred was named in Brazil's squad for the 2014 World Cup. In the opening match of the tournament, on 12 June against Croatia in São Paulo, Fred was fouled in the 69th minute, resulting in a controversial penalty which Neymar converted to make the score 2–1 ahead of an eventual 3–1 win. After receiving criticism for his performances in the opening two matches, Fred scored his only goal of the tournament in the final group match, a 4–1 victory over Cameroon which qualified the team for the round of 16. He managed just five shots on target at the tournament in six matches played. Fred's prolonged run of poor form saw the player receive hostile jeers from the home crowd whenever he touched the ball in the 7–1 defeat to Germany in Belo Horizonte. According to Opta Sports, Fred failed to make a single tackle, cross, run or interception during the match, and spent the most time in possession of the ball on the centre spot due to seven restarts and one kick-off. Following Brazil's 3–0 defeat to the Netherlands in the match for third place, Fred announced his retirement from international competition.
On 16 September 2014, it was reported that Fred came out of retirement after previously announcing retirement following the criticism he received during the 2014 World Cup. Despite his intention to return to the Seleção, Fred confirmed his international career is over the following year, as he has yet to feature in a Brazil squad since Luiz Felipe Scolari's departure.
|Club||Season||League||Cup||League Cup||Continental||State League||Other||Total|
- As of 13 July 2014
*The match against Al Kuwait XI was not counted.
- Scores and results list Brazil's goal tally first. Score column indicates score after each Fred goal.
|1.||12 November 2005||Zayed Sports City Stadium, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates||United Arab Emirates||3–0||8–0||Friendly|
|3.||18 June 2006||Allianz Arena, Munich, Germany||Australia||2–0||2–0||2006 FIFA World Cup|
|4.||10 October 2006||Råsunda, Solna, Sweden||Ecuador||1–1||2–1||Friendly|
|5.||7 June 2011||Pacaembu, São Paulo, Brazil||Romania||1–0||1–0|
|6.||9 July 2011||Estadio Mario Alberto Kempes, Córdoba, Argentina||Paraguay||2–2||2–2||2011 Copa América|
|7.||21 November 2012||La Bombonera, Buenos Aires, Argentina||Argentina||1–1||1–2||2012 Superclásico de las Américas|
|8.||6 February 2013||Wembley Stadium, London, England||England||1–1||1–2||Friendly|
|9.||21 March 2013||Stade de Genève, Geneva, Switzerland||Italy||1–0||2–2|
|10.||25 March 2013||Stamford Bridge, London, England||Russia||1–1||1–1|
|11.||2 June 2013||Maracanã, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil||England||1–0||2–2|
|12.||22 June 2013||Itaipava Arena Fonte Nova, Salvador, Brazil||Italy||3–1||4–2||2013 FIFA Confederations Cup|
|14.||26 June 2013||Mineirão, Belo Horizonte, Brazil||Uruguay||1–0||2–1|
|15.||30 June 2013||Maracanã, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil||Spain||1–0||3–0|
|17.||6 June 2014||Morumbi, São Paulo, Brazil||Serbia||1–0||1–0||Friendly|
|18.||23 June 2014||Estádio Nacional Mané Garrincha, Brasília, Brazil||Cameroon||3–1||4–1||2014 FIFA World Cup|
- Bola de Prata: 2011, 2012
- Campeonato Brasileiro Série A Team of the Year: 2011, 2012
- Campeonato Brasileiro Série A Best Player: 2012
- Campeonato Brasileiro Série A Top Goalscorer: 2012, 2014, 2016
- FIFA Confederations Cup Silver Boot: 2013
- FIFA Confederations Cup Castrol Index Top XI: 2013
- "2014 FIFA World Cup Brazil: List of players: Brazil" (PDF). FIFA. 14 July 2014. p. 6. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
- "FIFA Confederations Cup Brazil 2013: FRED". FIFA. Archived from the original on 8 November 2013. Retrieved 21 January 2014.
- "Cruzeiro anuncia contratação de Fred :: ogol.com.br". www.ogol.com.br.
- "Fim de novela: Atlético-MG anuncia a contratação do atacante Fred" [End of story: Atlético Mineiro announces Fred signing]. Globoesporte.com (in Portuguese). 8 June 2016. Retrieved 8 June 2016.
- "Fred finds footing in French fields". FIFA. 1 September 2005. Retrieved 8 July 2014.
- "The Fastest Goal Ever".
- "Arbitration CAS 2005/O/985 Feyenoord Rotterdam N.V. v. Cruzeiro Esporte Club" (PDF). Court of Arbitration for Sport. 19 December 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 August 2011. Retrieved 26 May 2011.
- "Lyon invest in Brazilian Fred". UEFA. 30 August 2005. Retrieved 1 June 2009.
- "Fred facing two months out". UEFA. 13 October 2006. Retrieved 1 June 2009.
- "Fred injury leaves Lyon short". UEFA. 29 June 2007. Retrieved 1 June 2009.
- "Lyon vs Real Madrid". UEFA. 14 September 2006.
- "Fred wants out of Lyon". AFP. 18 December 2008. Retrieved 1 June 2009.
- "Fred free to leave Lyon". AFP. 26 February 2009. Retrieved 1 June 2009.
- "Fred marca dois gols na volta ao futebol brasileiro". Jornal do Brasil (in Portuguese). 15 March 2009. Retrieved 15 March 2009.[dead link]
- "Fluminense crowned champions". Goal.com. 12 November 2012. Retrieved 18 December 2012.
- Daniel Nepomuceno [@dan_nepomuceno] (8 June 2016). "Domingo Fred estará no Independência! É do #Galo!" [Sunday Fred will be at the Independência! He's #Galo's!] (Tweet) (in Portuguese). Retrieved 9 June 2016 – via Twitter.
- "Fred marca pela 1ª vez pelo Atlético-MG e comemora gol contra o Cruzeiro" [Fred scores for the first time for Atlético Mineiro and celebrates goal against Cruzeiro]. UOL Esporte (in Portuguese). 12 June 2016. Retrieved 13 June 2016.
- "Fred iguala recorde e se torna o artilheiro do Campeonato Brasileiro pela terceira vez" [Fred equals record and becomes Campeonato Brasileiro top goalscorer for the third time]. Rádio Itatiaia (in Portuguese). 11 December 2016. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
- "Atlético-MG anuncia rescisão de contrato do atacante Fred". foxsports.com.br (in Portuguese). 23 December 2017. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
- "Cruzeiro acerta contratação do atacante Fred; contrato será de três anos". globoesporte.com (in Portuguese). 23 December 2017. Retrieved 18 January 2018.
- "Cruzeiro 2 – 0 Tupi match report". globoesporte.com (in Portuguese). 17 January 2018. Retrieved 18 January 2018.
- "Ídolo Fred volta ao Flu. Por dois salários mínimos até o Brasileiro". R7 (in Portuguese). 31 May 2020. Retrieved 24 June 2020.
- "Brazil 2-0 Australia". BBC Sport. 18 June 2006. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
- "Brazil 2–2 England: Joe Hart's heroics see the Manchester City star win the ratings war". Mirror.co.uk. 2 June 2013. Retrieved 3 June 2013.
- "Neymar inspires Samba stars to stunning victory over Spain to lift Confederations Cup... now they want World Cup glory". Daily Mail. 30 June 2013. Retrieved 4 July 2013.
- "Italy 2 Brazil 4". Daily Mail. 22 June 2013. Retrieved 24 June 2013.
- "Brazil World Cup squad: Scolari leaves out Kaká and Philippe Coutinho". The Guardian. 8 May 2014. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- "Japanese Ref Nichimura Awards Controversial PK To Brazil After Flop By Fred". CBSLA.com/AP. 12 June 2014. Retrieved 8 July 2014.
- "Brazil 3 Croatia 0". BBC Sport. 12 June 2014. Retrieved 12 June 2014.
- "Alves blasts Shearer's "idiotic" criticism of Fred". SBS. 22 June 2014. Retrieved 24 June 2014.
- "Cameroon 1–4 Brazil". BBC. 23 June 2014. Retrieved 24 June 2014.
- "Four things Brazil did wrong at the World Cup". Goal.com. 9 July 2014. Retrieved 9 July 2014.
- Rice, Simon (8 July 2014). "Fred booed as Brazil fans turn on Selecao". The Independent. Retrieved 9 July 2014.
- De Menezes, Jack (9 July 2014). "Was Fred's performance the worst display by a striker in World Cup history? His heat map makes comical viewing". The Independent. Retrieved 9 July 2014.
- "Fred retires from international football". ESPN. 13 July 2014. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
- "World Cup flop Fred ends Brazil retirement, fans react by mocking striker on Twitter". 15 September 2014.
- "Fred: My Brazil career is over | Goal.com". www.goal.com.
- "Reformed Fred happy to be Neymar's straight man in Brazil's World Cup bid". the Guardian. 8 June 2014.
- "Gospel Prime - O cristão bem informado!". Gospel Prime.
- "VÍDEO: após vitória do Fluminense, Fred é batizado em igreja evangélica". Clube da Bolinha. 28 February 2015. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
- "Fred :: Frederico Chaves Guedes :: Atlético Mineiro". Retrieved 13 June 2016.
- "Fred". Soccerway. Retrieved 30 June 2016.
- "Fred Player Profile". ESPN FC. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
- "Fred". National Football Teams. Benjamin Strack-Zimmerman.
- "Os eleitos do Prêmio Craque do Brasileirão!" (in Portuguese). Lance!. 6 December 2011. Archived from the original on 26 April 2012. Retrieved 24 December 2011.
- "Conheça os grandes vencedores do futebol brasileiro" [Meet the big winners of Brazilian football] (in Portuguese). CBF. 23 November 2012. Archived from the original on 30 November 2012. Retrieved 23 November 2012.
- "Artilharia - Campeonato Brasileiro de Futebol - Série A 2016" (in Portuguese). Confederação Brasileira de Futebol (CBF). 4 April 2017. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
- "Castrol Index Top 11". Archived from the original on 21 July 2014. Retrieved 2 February 2018.
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