Czech Republic national football team
The Czech national football team (Czech: Česká fotbalová reprezentace) represents the Czech Republic in association football and is controlled by the Football Association of the Czech Republic, the governing body for football in the Czech Republic. Historically, the team participated in FIFA and UEFA competitions as Bohemia, Austria-Hungary and Czechoslovakia, finishing second at the 1934 and 1962 World Cups and winning the European Championship in 1976.
|Association||Football Association of the Czech Republic (Fotbalová asociace České republiky – FAČR)|
|Head coach||Karel Jarolím|
|Most caps||Petr Čech (124)|
|Top scorer||Jan Koller (55)|
|Current||46 2 (15 February 2018)|
|Highest||2 (September 1999; January – May 2000; April – May 2005; January – May 2006)|
|Lowest||67 (March 1994)|
|Current||38 (18 February 2018)|
|Highest||1 (June 2004, June 2005)|
|Lowest||47 (4 September 2017)|
| Hungary 2–1 Bohemia
(Budapest, Hungary; 5 April 1903)
As the Czech Republic
Turkey 1–4 Czech Republic
(Istanbul, Turkey; 23 February 1994)
| Czech Republic 8–1 Andorra
(Liberec, Czech Republic; 4 June 2005)
| Russia 4–1 Czech Republic
(Wrocław, Poland; 8 June 2012)
|Appearances||9 (first in 1934)|
|Best result||Runners-up, 1934 and 1962|
|Appearances||9 (first in 1960)|
|Best result||Champions, 1976|
|Appearances||1 (first in 1997)|
|Best result||Third Place, 1997|
The national team was founded in 1901, existing under the previously mentioned names before the separation of Czechoslovakia in 1992. Their first international competition as the Czech Republic was the UEFA Euro 1996, where they finished runners-up, and they have taken part in every European Championship since. Following the separation, however, they have only featured in one FIFA World Cup, the 2006 tournament, where they were eliminated in the first round of the competition.
Before World War I, Kingdom of Bohemia, predecessor of the Czech Republic, was part of Austria–Hungary. Bohemia played seven matches between 1903 and 1908, six of them against Hungary and one against England. Bohemia also played a match against Yugoslavia, Ostmark and Germany in 1939 while being the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia.
When Czechoslovakia split and reformed into the Czech Republic and Slovakia, the Czech Republic national team was formed, and they played their first friendly match away to Turkey, winning 4–1, on 23 February 1994. The newly formed team played their first home game in Ostrava, against Lithuania, in which they registered their first home win, a 5–3 victory.
Their first competitive match was part of the UEFA Euro 1996 qualifying campaign, in which they defeated Malta 6–1 in Ostrava. During the campaign, the Czech Republic registered six wins, three draws, and an embarrassing defeat against Luxembourg, finishing their qualifying Group 5 in first place, above favourites the Netherlands. In the final tournament, hosted by England, the Czechs progressed from the group stage, despite a 2–0 opening game defeat to Germany. They continued their good form, and progressed to the UEFA Euro 1996 final, where they lost 2–1 to the Germans at Wembley Stadium.
Given their success at Euro 1996, the Czechs were expected to qualify for the 1998 FIFA World Cup. They finished third in their qualifying group, however, behind Spain and Yugoslavia, and subsequently missed the tournament.
The Czech Republic qualified for Euro 2000, winning all ten of their group games and conceding just five goals. In the finals the team were drawn in Group D, alongside 1998 FIFA World Cup winners France, co-hosts the Netherlands and UEFA Euro 1992 winners Denmark. This was considered to be the most difficult group to advance from in the tournament. The team were unlucky in the first match against the Netherlands as they hit the woodwork multiple times before losing 1–0 to a last-minute penalty. The Czechs lost their second match against eventual champions France 2–1 which eliminated them from advancing to the knockout round. Czech Republic managed a 2–0 win against Denmark in their final game courtesy of two goals from Vladimír Šmicer.
Once again, the Czech Republic failed to qualify for the World Cup, this time finishing second in their group, behind Denmark, and then being beaten 1–0 in both legs by Belgium in the UEFA play-offs for a place in the finals.
After the disappointment of the play-off defeat to Belgium, however, the fortunes of the national team began to change significantly with a settled team of star players at top European clubs, such as Pavel Nedvěd, Jan Koller, Tomáš Rosický, Milan Baroš, Marek Jankulovski and Tomáš Galásek together with the emergence of highly rated young goalkeeper Petr Čech. The team were unbeaten in 2002 and 2003, scoring 53 goals in 19 games and easily qualifying for Euro 2004 in the process. The Czech Republic went on a 20-game unbeaten streak, finally ended in Dublin on 31 March 2004 in a friendly match against the Republic of Ireland. The Czechs entered the Euro finals in Group D, dubbed the tournament's Group of Death alongside the Netherlands, Germany and Latvia. Despite going behind in all three group games, the team won them all. This included trailing 2–0 to the Netherlands in a classic 3–2 win and beating Germany in the final match with a much weakened team having already qualified. The Czechs convincingly beat Denmark in the quarter-finals meaning a semi-final against Greece awaited them. The Czech Republic went into the semi-final against Greece as favourites and Tomáš Rosický hit the bar after just two minutes, Jan Koller had shots saved by the Greek goalkeeper and Pavel Nedvěd left the pitch injured in the end of the first half. It was not to be as the 90 minutes finished goalless and Greece won the game in the last minute of the first half of extra-time with a silver goal. Greece would go on to win the tournament.
The Czech Republic recorded their record win during the 2006 FIFA World Cup qualification (UEFA), thrashing Andorra 8–1 in a qualification match in Liberec. In the same match, Jan Koller became the all-time top scorer for the national team with his 35th international goal. At the end of the campaign, after finishing in second place in Group 1 then defeating Norway in a playoff, the Czechs qualified for their first FIFA World Cup. The team was boosted prior to the play-off matches by the return of Pavel Nedvěd, who had initially retired from international football after Euro 2004. The squad for the 2006 World Cup in Germany included 18 of the Euro 2004 team which reached the semi-finals. With the team ranked second in the world, the Czechs were expected to do well. They started the tournament in fine form with a 3–0 win over the United States. During the game, however, Jan Koller was forced to leave with a hamstring injury, putting him out of the tournament. In the next game, with the absent Koller and Milan Baroš still recovering from injury, the team suffered a shock loss, having Tomáš Ujfaluši sent off and ultimately losing 2–0 to Ghana. Baroš returned for the final game against Italy which the Czechs had to win to progress. Once again, however, the team were reduced to ten men as Jan Polák was dismissed before half-time for two bookable offences. Italy went on to win 2–0. Pavel Nedvěd, Karel Poborský and Vratislav Lokvenc retired from the national team after this tournament.
The disappointing World Cup campaign was followed by a successful qualifying campaign for Euro 2008, where they finished top of their group, above Germany on head-to-head records. The Czechs beat co-hosts Switzerland 1–0 in their opening game, before being beaten 3–1 by Portugal, this meant that they, and Turkey carried identical records going into the final group game. The Czechs took a 2–0 lead just past the hour mark and looked set to qualify. The Turks, however, scored three goals in the final 15 minutes of the game to win the game 2–3, and that signalled the end of another disappointing performance at a major tournament and the final match for coach Karel Brückner.
After the failure to impress at the European Championship, the Czechs faced World Cup qualification, being drawn in Group 3, under the guidance of coach Petr Rada. They started with a 0–0 away draw against Northern Ireland, which was followed by a poor performance against Poland, losing 2–1. A late goal from Libor Sionko won the next game 1–0 against Slovenia. This was followed by an unconvincing win against San Marino, and a goalless draw in Slovenia. In their following match, against neighbours Slovakia, a disastrous 2–1 defeat at home left the Czechs in a precarious qualifying position. Manager Petr Rada was dismissed and six players were suspended. Ivan Hašek took temporary charge as manager, gaining four points from his first two matches, as the team drew away to group leaders Slovakia and thrashed San Marino 7–0 in Uherské Hradiště. They subsequently beat Poland in Prague but followed this result with a goalless draw against Northern Ireland, finishing third in the group and failing to qualify for the World Cup. Hašek announced his immediate resignation.
A much changed team under new manager Michal Bílek entered the Euro 2012 qualifiers. The campaign began disastrously with a home loss to Lithuania. But an important win at home to Scotland was followed by wins against Liechtenstein. World champions Spain defeated the Czechs in between the Liechtenstein games, but the play-off spot was still in their hands. In the next game, a controversial last minute penalty from Michal Kadlec away to Scotland secured a 2–2 draw. Despite Scotland winning their next two games and the Czechs again being defeated by Spain, the team could finish second if they could beat Lithuania away from home in the final game, assuming Spain would beat Scotland at home. Spain won 3–1 and the Czechs convincingly defeated Lithuania 4–1 to seal second spot and a place in the play-offs. The Czechs were drawn to face Montenegro in the two-legged play-off. A memorable goal from Václav Pilař and a last minute second from Tomáš Sivok helped the Czechs to a 2–0 first leg lead. In the second leg in Podgorica, a late goal from Petr Jiráček sealed a 1–0 win and the Czechs ran out 3–0 aggregate winners and qualified for Euro 2012.
At the tournament, the Czechs lost their opening game 4–1 to Russia, with their only goal coming from midfielder Václav Pilař. In their second match, against Greece, the Czech Republic went 2–0 up within the first six minutes thanks to goals from Petr Jiráček and a second from Pilař. Following the half-time substitution of captain Tomáš Rosický, Greece scored a second-half goal following a mistake from Czech goalkeeper Petr Čech, although there were no more goals and the Czech Republic recorded their first win of the tournament. Going into their third and final group match, the Czech Republic needed at least a draw against co-hosts Poland to advance to the knock-out stage of the tournament. A second-half strike by Jiráček proved the difference between the teams as the Czechs ran out 1–0 winners. Due to Greece beating Russia in the other group game, the Czech Republic subsequently finished top of Group A, becoming the first team to ever win a group at the European Championships with a negative goal difference. The Czech team faced Portugal in the quarter-finals. In a tense and cagey game of few chances, Portugal eventually made the breakthrough with 11 minutes remaining through a header from Cristiano Ronaldo to win the match 1–0 and eliminate the Czechs.
Due to the improved performance over Euro 2008 (as well as their previous World Cup qualification campaign), Bílek stayed on as coach, despite unrest amongst fans, and was tasked with qualifying for the 2014 World Cup. The Czechs were drawn into UEFA Qualifying Group B along with Italy, Denmark, Bulgaria, Armenia and Malta. The beginning of the campaign was stuttering, with two goalless draws with Denmark and Bulgaria, paired with a narrow win against Malta, capping off their first three games. The team then had a setback in their fourth game, losing 0–3 to Denmark at home. The team was able to win against Armenia and draw with group leaders Italy, but lost to both Armenia and Italy in the rematches, greatly dimming their qualification hopes. Bílek resigned after the loss and was replaced with assistant coach Josef Pešice. In their last two games with their new coach, the Czechs recorded wins over Malta and Bulgaria but lost to Italy, leaving them in third place and ending their qualification hopes. Pešice resigned as coach following the conclusion of qualifying.
Pavel Vrba, the well known coach of Viktoria Plzeň, was appointed as the team's new coach on the first day of 2014, ahead of Euro 2016 qualifying. The Czech team, which was much changed from their disappointing World Cup campaign, was drawn into a tough group for qualifying, namely Group A, along with 2014 World Cup semi-finalists the Netherlands, Turkey, Iceland, Latvia and Kazakhstan. The Czech team began with a win, defeating group favourites Netherlands 2–1, and followed up with victories over Turkey, Kazakhstan and Iceland, leaving them as group leaders with maximum points after four matches. A draw at home against Latvia followed; nonetheless, the Czechs remained group leaders, and on 6 September 2015, the Czech Republic qualified for their sixth European Championship.
Record in major tournamentsEdit
FIFA World Cup recordEdit
Champions Runners-up Third Place Fourth Place
|FIFA World Cup record||Qualification Record|
|1930–1994||As Czechoslovakia||As Czechoslovakia|
|1998||Did Not Qualify||10||5||1||4||16||6|
|2010||Did Not Qualify||10||4||4||2||17||6|
|2022||To Be Determined|
UEFA European Championship recordEdit
Champions Runners-up Third Place Fourth Place
|UEFA European Championship record||Qualification Record|
|1960–1992||As Czechoslovakia||As Czechoslovakia|
|2020||To Be Determined|
FIFA Confederations Cup recordEdit
Champions Runners-up Third Place Fourth Place
|FIFA Confederations Cup record|
|1992||Did Not Qualify|
|1999||Did Not Qualify|
|2021||To Be Determined|
|1996 European Championship – Final|
|1998 World Cup – Failed to qualify|
|2000 European Championship – Group stage|
|2002 World Cup – Failed to qualify|
|2004 European Championship – Semi-Final|
|2006 World Cup – Group Stage|
|2008 European Championship – Group Stage|
|2010 World Cup – Failed to qualify|
|2012 European Championship – Quarter-Final|
|2014 World Cup – Failed to qualify|
|2016 European Championship – Group Stage|
|2018 World Cup – Failed to qualify|
|7 out of 12|
- UEFA European Championship
- Winners (1): 1976 
- Runners up (1): 1996
- Third place (3): 1960, 1980 and 2004
Dušan Uhrin (1994–1997)
Jozef Chovanec (1998–2001)
Karel Brückner (2001–2008)
Petr Rada (2008–2009)
František Straka (2009)
Ivan Hašek (2009)
Michal Bílek (2009–2013)
Josef Pešice (2013)
Pavel Vrba (2014–2016)
Karel Jarolím (2016–present)
Recent results and forthcoming fixturesEdit
|22 March 2017 Unofficial Friendly||Czech Republic||3–0||Lithuania||Ústí nad Labem, Czech Republic|
|Report||Stadium: Městský Stadion
Referee: Alain Bieri (Switzerland)
|26 March 2017 2018 FIFA World Cup Qualifying||San Marino||0–6||Czech Republic||Serravalle, San Marino|
|Report||Stadium: San Marino Stadium
Referee: Kristo Tohver (Estonia)
|5 June 2017 Unofficial Friendly||Belgium||2–1||Czech Republic||Brussels, Belgium|
|Report||Krmenčík 29'||Stadium: King Baudouin Stadium
Referee: Sandro Schärer (Switzerland)
|10 June 2017 2018 FIFA World Cup Qualifying||Norway||1–1||Czech Republic||Oslo, Norway|
|Søderlund 55' (pen.)||Report (UEFA)||Gebre Selassie 36'||Stadium: Ullevaal Stadion
Referee: Andre Marriner (England)
|1 September 2017 2018 FIFA World Cup Qualifying||Czech Republic||1–2||Germany||Prague, Czech Republic|
|Darida 78'||Report (UEFA)||Werner 4'
|Stadium: Eden Arena
Referee: Sergei Karasev (Russia)
|4 September 2017 2018 FIFA World Cup Qualifying||Northern Ireland||2–0||Czech Republic||Belfast, Northern Ireland|
|Report||Stadium: Windsor Park
Referee: Daniele Orsato (Italy)
|5 October 2017 2018 FIFA World Cup Qualifying||Azerbaijan||1–2||Czech Republic||Baku, Azerbaijan|
|Stadium: Baku National Stadium
Referee: Benoît Millot (France)
|8 October 2017 2018 FIFA World Cup Qualifying||Czech Republic||5–0||San Marino||Plzeň, Czech Republic|
|Report||Stadium: Doosan Arena
Referee: Alex Troleis (France)
Ten different cities hosted national team matches of the Czech Republic between 1994 and 2011. The most commonly-used stadium is Generali Arena, the home stadium of AC Sparta Prague. As of 3 June 2014, the team has played 36 of 92 home matches there. Since 2012, competitive games have also been held Doosan Arena, Plzeň.
Stadiums which have hosted Czech Republic international football matches:
|Stadium||First international||Last international|
|42||Generali Arena, Prague||26 April 1995||4 September 2016|
|20||Na Stínadlech, Teplice||18 September 1996||11 September 2012|
|9||Andrův stadion, Olomouc||25 March 1998||3 June 2014|
|9||Eden Arena, Prague||27 May 2008||1 September 2017|
|5||Bazaly, Ostrava||25 May 1994||16 August 2000|
|4||Stadion u Nisy, Liberec||4 June 2005||11 August 2010|
|4||Doosan Arena, Plzeň||12 October 2012||8 October 2017|
|3||Stadion Střelnice, Jablonec||4 September 1996||5 June 2009|
|3||Městský stadion, Ostrava||26 March 1996||11 October 2016|
|2||Stadion Evžena Rošického, Prague||24 April 1996||18 August 2004|
|2||Sportovní areál, Drnovice||18 August 1999||15 August 2001|
|2||Městský stadion, Uherské Hradiště||16 August 2006||9 September 2009|
|2||Městský stadion, Mladá Boleslav||31 August 2016||11 October 2016|
|1||Stadion FC Bohemia Poděbrady, Poděbrady||26 February 1997|
|1||Stadion Za Lužánkami, Brno||8 March 1995|
|1||Stadion Střelecký ostrov, České Budějovice||29 March 2011|
|1||Městský stadion, Ústí nad Labem||22 March 2017|
The following players have also been called up to the Czech Republic squad within the last twelve months:
|Pos.||Player||Date of birth (age)||Caps||Goals||Club||Latest call-up|
|GK||Jaroslav Drobný||18 October 1979||7||0||Werder Bremen||v. San Marino, 26 March 2017|
|DF||Pavel Kadeřábek||25 April 1992||30||2||Hoffenheim||v. San Marino, 8 October 2017|
|DF||Michael Lüftner||14 March 1994||1||0||Copenhagen||v. San Marino, 8 October 2017|
|DF||Theodor Gebre Selassie||24 December 1986||45||3||Werder Bremen||v. Northern Ireland, 3 September 2017|
|DF||David Hovorka||7 August 1993||0||0||Sparta Prague||v. Northern Ireland, 3 September 2017|
|DF||Tomáš Sivok (Captain)||15 September 1983||64||5||Maccabi Petah Tikva||v. Norway, 10 June 2017|
|DF||Jakub Jugas||5 May 1992||0||0||Slavia Prague||v. Norway, 10 June 2017|
|DF||Adam Hloušek||20 December 1988||8||0||Legia Warsaw||v. San Marino, 26 March 2017|
|MF||Vladimír Darida||8 August 1990||49||4||Hertha Berlin||v. San Marino, 8 October 2017|
|MF||Bořek Dočkal||30 September 1988||35||6||Henan Jianye||v. San Marino, 8 October 2017|
|MF||Jaromír Zmrhal||2 August 1993||8||1||Slavia Prague||v. San Marino, 8 October 2017|
|MF||Ladislav Krejčí||5 July 1992||37||5||Bologna||v. Northern Ireland, 3 September 2017|
|MF||Tomáš Hořava||29 May 1988||10||3||Viktoria Plzeň||v. Northern Ireland, 3 September 2017|
|MF||Petr Mareš||17 January 1991||3||0||Mladá Boleslav||v. Norway, 10 June 2017|
|MF||Tomáš Přikryl||4 July 1992||0||0||Mladá Boleslav||v. Norway, 10 June 2017|
|MF||Michal Sáček||19 September 1996||0||0||Sparta Prague||v. Belgium, 5 June 2017|
|FW||Václav Kadlec||20 May 1992||16||4||Sparta Prague||v. San Marino, 8 October 2017|
|FW||Milan Škoda||16 January 1986||18||4||Slavia Prague||v. Norway, 10 June 2017|
|FW||Patrik Schick||24 January 1996||5||1||Roma||v. Norway, 10 June 2017|
- INJ = Withdrew due to an injury.
- PRE = Preliminary squad.
- RET = Retired from international football.
Player records are accurate as of 21 June 2016.
Players in bold are still active, at least at club level.
Most capped Czech Republic playersEdit
Top Czech Republic goalscorersEdit
|1||Jan Koller (list)||1999–2009||55||91|
|2||Milan Baroš (list)||2001–2012||41||93|
(Above Information in both tables taken from individual player pages, based on players from the Czech Republic international footballers page (List of Czech Republic international footballers))
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