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Turkey national football team

The Turkey national football team (Turkish: Türkiye Millî Futbol Takımı) represents Turkey in association football and is controlled by the Turkish Football Federation, the governing body for football in Turkey. They are affiliated with UEFA.

Turkey
Shirt badge/Association crest
Nickname(s) Ay-Yıldızlılar (The Crescent-Stars)[1]
Association Turkish Football Federation (Türkiye Futbol Federasyonu – TFF)
Confederation UEFA (Europe)
Head coach Mircea Lucescu
Captain Arda Turan
Most caps Rüştü Reçber (120)
Top scorer Hakan Şükür (51)
FIFA code TUR[2]
First colours
Second colours
FIFA ranking
Current 27 Increase 6 (14 September 2017)
Highest 5 (June 2004)
Lowest 67 (October 1993)
Elo ranking
Current 20 Steady (30 April 2017)
Highest 9 (November 2002)
Lowest 82 (November 1985)
First international
 Turkey 2–2 Romania 
(Istanbul, Turkey; 26 October 1923)[3]
Biggest win
 Turkey 7–0 Syria 
(Ankara, Turkey; 20 November 1949)
 Turkey 7–0 South Korea
(Geneva, Switzerland; 20 June 1954)
 Turkey 7–0 San Marino
(Istanbul, Turkey; 10 November 1996)
Biggest defeat
 Poland 8–0 Turkey 
(Chorzów, Poland; 24 April 1968)
 Turkey 0–8 England 
(Istanbul, Turkey; 14 November 1984)
 England 8–0 Turkey 
(London, England; 14 October 1987)
World Cup
Appearances 2 (first in 1954)
Best result Third place, 2002
European Championship
Appearances 4 (first in 1996)
Best result Semi-finals, 2008
Confederations Cup
Appearances 1 (first in 2003)
Best result Third place, 2003

Turkey has qualified three times for the FIFA World Cup, in 1950, 1954, and 2002, although they withdrew from the 1950 event. Turkey has also qualified four times for the UEFA European Championship, in 1996, 2000, 2008, and 2016. They have reached the semi-finals of three major tournaments: the 2002 World Cup, the 2003 FIFA Confederations Cup, and Euro 2008. After their third-place finish at the 2002 World Cup, which marked a high point in Turkish football history, Turkey occupied a spot in the top ten of the FIFA World Rankings for the first time since the rankings were introduced in December 1992.[4]

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Turkey against Romania in 1923.

Early yearsEdit

The Turkey national team played their first ever match against Romania in 1923, drawing 2–2.[5] Zeki Rıza Sporel is considered as the first big star of Turkish football as he scored the first two goals against Romania. Turkey played their first ever official match at the 1924 Summer Olympics losing 5–2 to Czechoslovakia.

1950 FIFA World CupEdit

Although Turkey qualified for the 1950 World Cup, beating Syria 7–0, they had to withdraw due to financial problems.

1954 FIFA World CupEdit

Turkey then qualified for the 1954 World Cup after a play-off with Spain. The Turkish team first lost 4–1 to Spain, but a 1–0 win a few days later initiated a replay. On that occasion, they tied 2–2 after, booking their place after a coin toss. Turkey was put in a group along with Hungary and West Germany. The Turks, however, never played Hungary due to the tournament format, and a 4–1 defeat by the Germans was followed by Turkey carrying out a 7–0 win over South Korea. Turkey lost the play-off to West Germany 7–2. In 1956, however, Turkey did play Hungary in a friendly match in Istanbul, defeating what was one of the strongest teams of the era, 3–1.[6] Lefter Küçükandonyadis, arguably one of the best Turkish players of all-time, scored two goals during the tournament.

Near missesEdit

Despite the introduction of a national league, and showings by Turkish clubs in European competition, the 1960s would be a barren time for the national team. Most players from the 1954 World Cup squad were retired, and the new generation of players failed to qualify for a major tournament. The 1970s saw Turkey holding back in the World Cup and UEFA European Championship qualifiers, but the team was a point too short to qualify for both UEFA Euro 1972 and Euro 1976. In the 1980s the Turkish team also suffered their worst defeats with 8–0 scorelines against Poland and twice against England. Yet the 1990 World Cup qualifiers would mark a turning point for Turkish football, with Turkey only missing out on qualification in the final match. Prominent players in this period included Rıdvan Dilmen, Oğuz Çetin, Rıza Çalımbay, Feyyaz Uçar, and European Golden Boot winner Tanju Çolak.

1990–1996Edit

In 1990, German coach Sepp Piontek was put in charge of the national team. Under his guidance, a group of new players debuted for the national team. Many of these players (which included Bülent Korkmaz, Alpay Özalan, Sergen Yalçın, Rüştü Reçber, and Hakan Şükür) would become the backbone of the national team for many years. Piontek's mission came to an end in 1993, where he was replaced by Fatih Terim, who in turn managed to qualify for Euro 1996. Turkey qualified for its first major tournament since 1954, marking another turning point for Turkish football after having failed to qualify for both Euro 1992 and the 1994 World Cup. The appointment of Piontek was a recommended move by another German coach, Jupp Derwall, who had coached Galatasaray for three seasons. Derwall is regarded as the revolutionizer of Turkish football, since his introduction of modern Western European training techniques and tactical ideas to the Turkish game also heavily influenced the national team.

Euro 1996Edit

 
Turkey national football team on an Azerbaijan stamp for Euro 1996.

Turkey qualified for Euro 1996, defeating both Switzerland and Sweden 2–1 en route during qualification. Despite a solid performance during the qualifiers, Turkey lost all their matches without scoring a single goal. They did, however, go home with an award: the fair-play award, given to Alpay Özalan.

Euro 2000Edit

Although Turkey failed to qualify for the 1998 World Cup, they qualified for Euro 2000 after winning a play-off against the Republic of Ireland. Turkey lost their first match 2–1 to Italy, they drew their second match against Sweden 0–0, and beat host nation Belgium 2–0, making it the first time in the history of the UEFA European Championship a host nation had been eliminated in the first round. This victory brought Turkey into the last eight of the tournament, where they were beaten 2–0 by Portugal, with Arif Erdem missing a critical penalty.

2002 FIFA World CupEdit

For the 2002 World Cup, Turkey finished second in their qualifying group, despite starting well and being the favourites to top the group. They lost 2–1 to Sweden in the crucial match that would decide the top spot. The Turks were forced to play the play-offs against Austria. They defeated the Austrians 6–0 on aggregate and booked their place at the finals. The Turkish team started the 2002 World Cup with a 2–1 defeat against eventual winners Brazil.[7] Turkey qualified from the group stage with a 3–0 win against China PR after drawing 1–1 with Costa Rica.[8][9]

Turkey then faced home team Japan in the second round, winning 1–0.[10] The Turkish team continued their run, as they beat Senegal 1–0 on a golden goal to book their place in the semi-finals, where a 1–0 defeat against eventual tournament winners Brazil forced them to play the third place match, and a bronze medal was won after a 3–2 victory over co-hosts South Korea.[11][12][13] Hakan Şükür scored Turkey's first goal in 10.8 seconds, even when the South Koreans kicked off first. It was the fastest goal in World Cup history.[14] Tens of thousands of flag-waving Turkish fans greeted the World Cup squad on their return to Istanbul, where they joined a massive street party at Taksim Square.[15] Rüştü Reçber, Alpay Özalan and Hasan Şaş were all included in the All-Star Team, with Reçber also being voted as the best goalkeeper in the UEFA Team of the Year 2002, while Şenol Güneş was being voted as the best manager.

2003 FIFA Confederations CupEdit

In the summer of 2003, Turkey reached third place at the 2003 FIFA Confederations Cup. In the group stages, Turkey defeated the United States 2–1 before losing to Cameroon 0–1. In their final group match, Turkey drew 2–2 against Brazil, eliminating them from the tournament. Turkey lost to eventual tournament winners France 3–2 in the semi-final match. Turkey then defeated Colombia 2–1 to win the bronze medal. Tuncay Şanlı scored three goals and made an assist, which won him the Silver Shoe Award and the Silver Ball Award for the second best player of the tournament.

Euro 2004Edit

The Turkish team failed to qualify for Euro 2004 on play-offs due to a loss to Latvia after finishing second in their group. This marked a turning point for the national team as new players were introduced to the national team to create a new generation.

2006 FIFA World CupEdit

The Turkish team once again narrowly missed out on the World Cup finals after failing to win a play-off, this time on away goals against Switzerland, again after finishing second in their group. There were scenes of violence after the game on and off the pitch where the Turkish team brawled with Swiss players down the tunnel.

 
Turkey against France on 5 June 2009.

Euro 2008Edit

Turkey qualified for their first international tournament in six years by finishing second behind Greece in Euro 2008 qualifying Group C to reach the Euro 2008 final stages. They were placed alongside Switzerland, Portugal and the Czech Republic in Group A. In their first match, they played Portugal and were beaten 2–0, but wins over Switzerland (2–1) and the Czech Republic (3–2) – both secured by late goals – brought qualification for the knockout stages.[16][17][18] Again, Turkey knocked out a host nation – Switzerland – in the group stages for the second time.[19]

The quarter-final against Croatia was goalless after 90 minutes, and Croatia led 1–0 in the final minute of extra time, but another late Turkish goal by forward Semih Şentürk brought the game to penalties. The goal raised some controversy with Croatia fans and Croatia head coach Slaven Bilić, who claimed that the goal had been scored after extra time had elapsed. This complaint, however, was overruled, and the game went into penalties. Turkey defeated Croatia in penalties, 3–1.[20]

Turkey went into the semi-final against Germany with just 14 outfield players available as a result of injuries and suspensions, but scored first and were drawing 2–2. But they finished third by default after losing 3–2 with a last minute goal by Philipp Lahm.[21] Both Russia and Turkey were given bronze medals in the dressing rooms after the semi-finals.

2010 FIFA World CupEdit

For the 2010 World Cup qualifiers, Turkey had a mixed qualifying campaign, finishing with 15 points and missing out on a play-off place to Bosnia and Herzegovina with 19 points. Spain topped the group to qualify, winning every game in the process. Coach Fatih Terim announced he would be resigning his post following their failure to qualify.[22]

Euro 2012Edit

 
The Turkish team during the UEFA Euro 2012 qualification.

Turkey were drawn in Group A in qualification for Euro 2012, together with Kazakhstan, Austria, Belgium, Germany and Azerbaijan. The Turkish team reached the play-offs after beating Azerbaijan 1–0 but got eliminated 3–0 on aggregate by Croatia.

 
Turkey against Austria on 29 March 2016.

On 14 November 2012, Turkey celebrated their 500th match in a friendly game played against Denmark at the Türk Telekom Arena, Istanbul, which ended in a 1–1 draw. Before the match, footballers and coaches, who contributed to the national team's success in the past, were honoured. Turkish pop singer Hadise, who wore a national team jersey with the number 500, performed a small concert.[23][24]

2014 FIFA World CupEdit

Turkey were drawn in Group D in qualification for the 2014 World Cup, together with Andorra, Estonia, Hungary, the Netherlands and Romania, finishing fourth. Turkey began to lose critical points during qualification and Abdullah Avcı was sacked soon after. Fatih Terim was put in charge for the third time to lead the national team, but a 0–2 defeat against the Netherlands ended hopes of qualification.

Euro 2016Edit

Turkey were drawn in Group A in qualification for Euro 2016, together with Iceland, Latvia, Kazakhstan, the Netherlands and the Czech Republic. The Turkish team qualified for their first major tournament in eight years as the best third-placed team after beating Iceland 1–0, with Selçuk İnan netting a free kick in the 89th minute. After over 18 months unbeaten, a loss to England as a pre-tournament friendly ended the team's winning streak, subsequently leading to back-to-back losses against Croatia and Spain in the tournament. Turkey won their last game against the Czech Republic, 2–0, but this victory was not enough to reach the knockout phase. Despite elimination, youngster Emre Mor's skillful display and assist during the game revealed a hopeful future for Turkish football.

Fixtures and resultsEdit

2016Edit

2017Edit

Coaching staffEdit

Position Name
Head coach   Mircea Lucescu
Assistant coach(es)   Nedim Yiğit
  Kerem Yavaş
Fitness coach   Mike Verhoeven
Goalkeeping coach   Eren Aytekin
National team manager   Mustafa Eröğüt
Doctor   Sarper Çetinkaya

PlayersEdit

Current squadEdit

The following players were called up for the 2018 FIFA World Cup qualification against Ukraine on 2 September 2017 and the game against Croatia on 5 September 2017.[28]

Caps and goals updated as 5 September 2017 after the match against Croatia.

0#0 Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club
1 1GK Volkan Babacan (1988-08-11) 11 August 1988 (age 29) 30 0   İstanbul Başakşehir
12 1GK Cenk Gönen (1988-02-21) 21 February 1988 (age 29) 2 0   Málaga
23 1GK Serkan Kırıntılı (1985-02-15) 15 February 1985 (age 32) 0 0   Konyaspor

15 2DF Mehmet Topal (1986-03-03) 3 March 1986 (age 31) 71 1   Fenerbahçe
18 2DF Caner Erkin (1988-10-04) 4 October 1988 (age 28) 52 2   Beşiktaş
4 2DF Ömer Toprak (1989-07-21) 21 July 1989 (age 28) 26 2   Borussia Dortmund
3 2DF İsmail Köybaşı (1989-07-10) 10 July 1989 (age 28) 26 0   Fenerbahçe
2 2DF Şener Özbayraklı (1990-01-23) 23 January 1990 (age 27) 14 0   Fenerbahçe
2DF Serdar Aziz (1990-10-23) 23 October 1990 (age 26) 12 1   Galatasaray
22 2DF Kaan Ayhan (1994-11-10) 10 November 1994 (age 22) 7 0   Fortuna Düsseldorf
13 2DF Çağlar Söyüncü (1996-05-23) 23 May 1996 (age 21) 7 0   SC Freiburg

10 3MF Arda Turan (1987-01-30) 30 January 1987 (age 30) 99 17   Barcelona
5 3MF Emre Belözoğlu (1980-09-07) 7 September 1980 (age 37) 94 9   İstanbul Başakşehir
8 3MF Selçuk İnan (1985-02-10) 10 February 1985 (age 32) 59 8   Galatasaray
20 3MF Nuri Şahin (1988-09-05) 5 September 1988 (age 29) 51 2   Borussia Dortmund
6 3MF Ozan Tufan (1995-03-23) 23 March 1995 (age 22) 35 4   Fenerbahçe
11 3MF Hakan Çalhanoğlu (1994-02-08) 8 February 1994 (age 23) 28 8   Milan
14 3MF Oğuzhan Özyakup (1992-09-23) 23 September 1992 (age 24) 28 1   Beşiktaş
21 3MF Emre Mor (1997-07-24) 24 July 1997 (age 20) 13 1   Celta Vigo
19 3MF Yunus Mallı (1992-02-24) 24 February 1992 (age 25) 12 0   VfL Wolfsburg
7 3MF Okay Yokuşlu (1994-03-09) 9 March 1994 (age 23) 6 0   Trabzonspor
16 3MF Cengiz Ünder (1997-07-14) 14 July 1997 (age 20) 5 2   Roma
3MF Tolga Ciğerci (1992-03-23) 23 March 1992 (age 25) 3 0   Galatasaray
3MF Yusuf Yazıcı (1997-01-20) 20 January 1997 (age 20) 1 0   Trabzonspor

17 4FW Burak Yılmaz (1985-07-15) 15 July 1985 (age 32) 51 23   Trabzonspor
9 4FW Cenk Tosun (1991-06-07) 7 June 1991 (age 26) 21 6   Beşiktaş
4FW Enes Ünal (1997-05-10) 10 May 1997 (age 20) 6 0   Villarreal

Recent call-upsEdit

The following players have been called up for the team within the last 12 months.

Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club Latest call-up
GK Onur Kıvrak (1988-01-01) 1 January 1988 (age 29) 13 0   Trabzonspor v.   Moldova, 27 March 2017

DF Hasan Ali Kaldırım (1989-12-09) 9 December 1989 (age 27) 20 0   Fenerbahçe v.   Kosovo, 11 June 2017
DF Yalçın Ayhan (1982-05-01) 1 May 1982 (age 35) 0 0   Yeni_Malatyaspor v.   Kosovo, 13 November 2016
DF Hakan Balta (1983-03-23) 23 March 1983 (age 34) 50 2   Galatasaray v.   Iceland, 9 October 2016

MF Volkan ŞenINJ (1987-07-07) 7 July 1987 (age 30) 25 1   Trabzonspor v.   Macedonia, 5 June 2017
MF Serdar GürlerINJ (1991-09-14) 14 September 1991 (age 26) 1 0   Osmanlıspor v.   Macedonia, 5 June 2017
MF Güray Vural (1988-06-11) 11 June 1988 (age 29) 1 0   Kayserispor v.   Moldova, 27 March 2017
MF Bilal Başaçıkoğlu (1995-03-26) 26 March 1995 (age 22) 0 0   Feyenoord v.   Kosovo, 13 November 2016
MF Yasin Öztekin (1987-03-19) 19 March 1987 (age 30) 6 0   Galatasaray v.   Iceland, 9 October 2016

FW Mehmet Batdal (1986-02-24) 24 February 1986 (age 31) 0 0   İstanbul Başakşehir v.   Kosovo, 13 November 2016
FW Mevlüt Erdinç (1987-02-25) 25 February 1987 (age 30) 35 8   İstanbul Başakşehir v.   Iceland, 9 October 2016
Notes
  • PRE = Preliminary squad.
  • RET = Retired from international football.
  • WD = Withdrew from the squad.
  • INJ = Withdrew due to an injury.

Previous squadsEdit

Competitive recordEdit

FIFA World CupEdit

     Third Place

FIFA World Cup record FIFA World Cup Qualification record
Year Round Position Pld W D* L GF GA Pld W D L GF GA
  1930 Did Not Enter
  1934 Withdrew
  1938 Did Not Enter
  1950 Qualified But Withdrew 1 1 0 0 7 0
  1954 Round 1 9th 3 1 0 2 10 11 3 1 1 1 4 6
  1958 Withdrew
  1962 Did Not Qualify 4 2 0 2 4 4
  1966 6 1 0 5 4 19
  1970 4 0 0 4 2 13
  1974 6 2 2 2 5 3
  1978 6 2 1 3 9 5
  1982 8 0 0 8 1 22
  1986 8 0 1 7 2 24
  1990 8 3 1 4 12 10
  1994 10 3 1 6 11 19
  1998 8 4 2 2 21 9
    2002 Third Place 3rd 7 4 1 2 10 6 12 8 3 1 24 8
  2006 Did Not Qualify 14 7 5 2 27 13
  2010 10 4 3 3 13 10
  2014 10 5 1 4 16 9
  2018 To be Determined 8 4 2 2 12 8
Total Third Place 2/20 10 5 1 4 20 17 126 47 23 56 174 182

UEFA European ChampionshipEdit

     Third Place

UEFA European Championship record UEFA European Championship Qualification record
Year Round Position Pld W D* L GF GA Pld W D L GF GA
  1960 Did Not Qualify 2 1 0 1 2 3
  1964 2 0 0 2 0 7
  1968 6 1 2 3 3 8
  1972 6 2 1 3 5 13
  1976 6 2 2 2 5 10
  1980 6 3 1 2 5 5
  1984 8 3 1 4 8 16
  1988 6 0 2 4 2 16
  1992 6 0 0 6 1 14
  1996 Group-Stage 16th 3 0 0 3 0 5 8 4 3 1 16 8
    2000 Quarter-Finals 6th 4 1 1 2 3 4 10 5 4 1 16 7
  2004 Did Not Qualify 10 6 2 2 19 8
    2008 Semi-Finals 3rd 5 2 1* 2 8 9 12 7 3 2 25 11
    2012 Did Not Qualify 12 5 3 4 13 14
  2016 Group-Stage 17th 3 1 0 2 2 4 10 5 3 2 14 9
Total Third Place 4/15 15 4 2* 9 13 22 110 44 27 39 134 149
*Draws include knockout matches decided by penalty shoot-out.

Summer OlympicsEdit

Olympic Games Record
Year Result Position GP W D* L GS GA
  1924 Round 1 13th 1 0 0 1 2 5
  1928 Round 1 14th 1 0 0 1 1 7
  1936 Round 1 15th 1 0 0 1 0 1
  1948 Quarter-Finals 6th 2 1 0 1 5 3
  1952 Quarter-Finals 8th 2 1 0 1 3 8
  1956 Withdrew
  1960 Round 1 14th 3 0 1 2 3 10
  1964 Did Not Qualify
  1968
  1972
  1976
  1980
  1984 Withdrew
  1988 Did Not Qualify
  1992
  1996
  2000
  2004
  2008
  2012
  2016
Total Quarter-Finals 6/23 10 2 1 7 14 34

FIFA Confederations CupEdit

     Third Place

FIFA Confederations Cup record
Year Round Position GP W D* L GS GA Squad
  1992 Did Not Qualify
  1995
  1997
  1999
    2001
  2003 Third Place 3rd 5 2 1 2 8 8 Squad
  2005 Did Not Qualify
  2009
  2013
  2017
Total Third Place 1/10 5 2 1 2 8 8 -

HonoursEdit

 
Turkey national football team on an Azerbaijan stamp for the 2002 FIFA World Cup.

  Third place (1): 2002

  Third place (1): 2003

  Semi-finals (1): 2008

Total results by opponentEdit

The following table shows Turkey's all-time international record, correct as of 5 September 2017.

Against Played Won Drawn Lost GF GA
  Albania 9 4 2 3 8 11
  Algeria 3 1 0 2 4 2
  Andorra 2 2 0 0 7 0
  Angola 1 1 0 0 3 2
  Armenia 2 2 0 0 4 0
  Australia 2 2 0 0 6 1
  Austria 16 7 1 8 22 18
  Azerbaijan 7 5 1 1 9 2
  Belarus 4 2 1 1 8 7
  Belgium 11 3 5 3 17 18
  Bosnia and Herzegovina 5 2 1 2 6 7
  Brazil 6 0 2 4 3 10
  Bulgaria 23 7 6 10 36 43
  Cameroon 1 0 0 1 0 1
  Canada 2 2 0 0 6 1
  Chile 3 2 1 0 3 0
  China PR 2 2 0 0 7 0
  Colombia 1 1 0 0 2 1
  Costa Rica 1 0 1 0 1 1
  Croatia 9 1 5 3 6 10
  Czech Republic 10 4 1 5 13 20
  Czechoslovakia 10 1 2 7 5 24
  Denmark 10 2 5 3 9 12
  East Germany 5 3 1 1 10 5
  Ecuador 1 0 0 1 0 1
  Egypt 5 3 0 2 9 10
  England 11 0 2 9 1 33
  Estonia 8 5 3 0 17 4
  Ethiopia 2 1 1 0 3 0
  Faroe Islands 1 0 1 0 1 1
  Finland 14 5 3 6 22 20
  France 6 0 1 5 3 15
  Georgia 5 3 1 1 12 5
  Germany 20 3 3 14 13 49
  Ghana 2 0 2 0 3 3
  Greece 10 7 2 1 18 6[29]
  Honduras 3 3 0 0 5 0
  Hungary 14 4 2 8 17 31
  Iceland 10 2 2 6 10 18
  Iran 7 4 2 1 12 2
  Iraq 1 0 1 0 0 0
  Republic of Ireland 13 2 6 5 15 27
  Israel 6 4 0 2 9 12
  Italy 13 0 4 9 8 23
  Ivory Coast 1 0 1 0 1 1
  Japan 2 1 0 1 1 1
  Kazakhstan 6 6 0 0 19 2
  Kosovo 2 2 0 0 6 1
  Latvia 6 1 4 1 10 9
  Libya 1 0 0 1 1 2
  Liechtenstein 2 2 0 0 8 0
  Luxembourg 7 6 0 1 13 6
  Macedonia 8 5 2 1 14 9
  Malaysia 1 3 0 0 3 0
  Malta 6 5 1 0 15 4
  Moldova 9 7 2 0 21 3
  Montenegro 1 1 0 0 1 0
  Netherlands 12 3 4 5 9 13
  New Zealand 1 1 0 0 2 1
  Northern Ireland 12 5 2 5 12 12
  Norway 9 4 2 3 11 15
  Pakistan 4 3 1 0 16 9
  Paraguay 1 0 1 0 0 0
  Poland 17 3 3 11 12 39
  Portugal 8 2 0 6 8 16
  Qatar 1 1 0 0 2 1
  Romania 25 5 7 13 24 47
  Russia 3 0 1 2 0 2
  San Marino 4 3 1 0 16 1
  Saudi Arabia 3 3 0 0 6 1
  Scotland 1 1 0 0 4 2
  Senegal 1 1 0 0 1 0
  Slovakia 6 4 1 1 8 3
  Slovenia 2 1 0 1 1 2
  South Africa 1 0 0 1 0 2
  South Korea 7 4 2 1 13 4
  Spain 11 1 4 6 5 17
  Soviet Union 15 3 0 12 8 30
  Sweden 10 4 4 2 12 11
   Switzerland 15 8 3 4 21 20
  Syria 1 1 0 0 7 0
  Tunisia 4 1 3 0 4 1
  Ukraine 8 4 2 2 11 9
  United States 4 1 1 2 5 6
  Uruguay 1 0 0 1 2 3
  Yugoslavia 10 1 3 6 14 26
  Wales 6 2 1 3 7 10
Total 551 209 127 215 725 796

Player historyEdit

Most capped playersEdit

 
Rüştü Reçber is Turkey's most capped player with 120 caps.

Players in bold are still active, at least at club level.[30] As of September 5, 2017.

# Name Career Caps Goals
1 Rüştü Reçber 1994–2012 120 0
2 Hakan Şükür 1992–2007 112 51
3 Bülent Korkmaz 1990–2005 102 3
4 Arda Turan 2006– 99 17
5 Tugay Kerimoğlu 1990–2007 94 2
Emre Belözoğlu 2000– 94 9
7 Alpay Özalan 1995–2005 90 4
8 Hamit Altıntop 2004–2014 82 7
9 Tuncay Şanlı 2002–2010 80 22
10 Ogün Temizkanoğlu 1990–2002 76 5

Top goalscorersEdit

 
Hakan Şükür is Turkey's all-time record goalscorer with 51 goals.

Goalscorers with an equal number of goals are ranked in chronological order of reaching the milestone. Bold indicates still active players.[31] As of September 2, 2017.

# Name Career Goals Caps Rate
1 Hakan Şükür 1992–2007
51
112
0.46
2 Burak Yılmaz 2006–
23
51
0.45
3 Tuncay Şanlı 2003–2010
22
80
0.28
4 Lefter Küçükandonyadis 1948–1963
21
46
0.46
5 Metin Oktay 1956–1968
19
36
0.53
Cemil Turan 1969–1979
19
44
0.43
Nihat Kahveci 2000–2011
19
68
0.28
8 Arda Turan 2006–
17
99
0.17
9 Zeki Rıza Sporel 1923–1932
15
16
0.94
10 Ertuğrul Sağlam 1993–1998
11
26
0.42
Arif Erdem 1993–2004
11
60
0.18

Past managersEdit

As of 6 September 2017
Manager Career Start Career End Played Won Drawn Lost Goals For Goals Against Win %
  Piontek, SeppSepp Piontek 27 May 1990 28 April 1993 27 4 8 15 22 50 14.8
  Terim, FatihFatih Terim 27 October 1993 19 June 1996 33 17 8 8 47 36 51.5
  Denizli, MustafaMustafa Denizli 14 August 1996 24 June 2000 31 11 9 11 45 38 35.5
  Güneş, ŞenolŞenol Güneş 16 August 2000 18 February 2004 50 23 13 14 72 50 46.0
  Karaman, ÜnalÜnal Karaman 31 March 2004 31 March 2004 1 0 1 0 2 2 00.0
  Yanal, ErsunErsun Yanal 28 April 2004 8 June 2005 15 8 4 3 29 14 53.3
  Terim, FatihFatih Terim 17 August 2005 14 October 2009 58 26 18 14 86 71 39.7
  Çetin, OğuzOğuz Çetin 3 March 2010 29 May 2010 4 3 0 1 7 3 75.0
  Hiddink, GuusGuus Hiddink 1 August 2010 15 November 2011 16 7 4 5 18 15 43.7
  Avcı, AbdullahAbdullah Avcı 17 November 2011 20 August 2013 18 6 4 8 26 26 33.3
  Terim, FatihFatih Terim 22 August 2013 26 July 2017 44 27 8 9 69 38 62.0
  Lucescu, MirceaMircea Lucescu 2 August 2017 2 1 0 1 1 2 50.0

DecorationEdit

In 2002, the national team was honored with the Turkish "State Medal of Distinguished Service" for its third place achievement at the 2002 FIFA World Cup. All the team members, coaches and officials were bestowed by a medal.[32]

Kit HistoryEdit

The classical home kit of Turkey is an all-white kit iwith a white shirt, white shorts and white socks. The shirt has got a red stripe on the chest and the crescent-Star of the Turkish flag. In 2002 the team changed the home and away colours. Making the all-red shirt the home design and the classical all-white colours the away kit. The kit is currently produced by Nike since 2003. Before that the kit were supplied by German company Adidas.

Home

 
 
 
 
 
 
1923–1963
 
 
 
 
 
 
1963–1993
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1996–1998
EURO 1996
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1998–2000
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2000–2002
EURO 2000
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2002–2003
World Cup 2002
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2003
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2004–2005
 
 
 
 
 
 
2006–2008
 
 
 
 
 
 
2008–2010
EURO 2008
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2010–2012
 
 
 
 
 
 
2012–2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
2014–2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2016–2018
EURO 2016

Away

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1996–1998
EURO 1996
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1998–2000
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2000–2002
EURO 2000
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2002–2003
World Cup 2002
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2003–2004
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2004–2005
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2006–2008
 
 
 
 
 
 
2008–2010
EURO 2008
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2010–2012
 
 
 
 
 
 
2012–2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
2014–2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2016–2018
EURO 2016

GalleryEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Croatia were sanctioned by FIFA to play two home matches (against Turkey on 5 September 2016 and against Iceland on 12 November 2016) without spectators for two cases of discriminatory chants by fans, which occurred at the friendly matches of against Israel on 23 March 2016 and against Hungary on 26 March 2016, having already been sanctioned for similar incidents by FIFA and UEFA.[25]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Turkey sneak through as best third-placed team". UEFA. 14 October 2015. Retrieved 13 March 2015. 
  2. ^ Jeffree, Iain (6 August 2015). "FIFA Country Codes". RSSSF. Retrieved 10 January 2016. 
  3. ^ Since the Republic was not formally declared by the time of the event, the game was played between Romania and TFF. The city also was not consistently known as Istanbul in the English speaking world until 1930
  4. ^ FIFA.com. "The FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking - Associations - Turkey - Men's - FIFA.com". Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  5. ^ Erdinç, Sivritepe. "Turkey 2–2 Romania". Turkey international football matches. Retrieved 31 October 2010. 
  6. ^ "Magical Magyars beating". Retrieved 16 September 2010. 
  7. ^ "Brazil beat brave Turks". BBC Sport. 3 June 2002. Retrieved 20 August 2009. 
  8. ^ "Parks strike denies Turkey". BBC Sport. 14 June 2002. Retrieved 20 August 2009. 
  9. ^ "Turkey reach last 16". BBC Sport. 13 June 2002. Retrieved 20 August 2009. 
  10. ^ "Turkey end Japan's dream". BBC Sport. 18 June 2002. Retrieved 20 August 2009. 
  11. ^ "Turkey's golden delight". BBC Sport. 22 June 2002. Retrieved 20 August 2009. 
  12. ^ "Brazil stride into final". BBC Sport. 26 June 2002. Retrieved 20 August 2009. 
  13. ^ "Turkey finish in style". BBC Sport. 29 June 2002. Retrieved 20 August 2009. 
  14. ^ Fastest Goals in WC History
  15. ^ "Turkey heroes return home". BBC Sport. 1 July 2002. Retrieved 20 August 2009. 
  16. ^ "Portugal 2–0 Turkey". BBC Sport. 7 June 2008. Retrieved 20 August 2009. 
  17. ^ "Switzerland 1–2 Turkey". BBC Sport. 11 June 2008. Retrieved 20 August 2009. 
  18. ^ "Turkey 3–2 Czech R & Switzerland 2–0 Portugal". BBC Sport. 15 June 2008. Retrieved 20 August 2009. 
  19. ^ FIFA.com – Turkey edge out Czechs in thriller
  20. ^ "Croatia 1–1 Turkey (1–3 pens)". BBC Sport. 20 June 2008. Retrieved 20 August 2009. 
  21. ^ "Germany 3–2 Turkey". BBC Sport. 25 June 2008. Retrieved 20 August 2009. 
  22. ^ "Terim Resignation". Guardian Sport. 7 June 2008. Retrieved 20 August 2009. 
  23. ^ "Turkey marks 500th match". Hürriyet Daily News. 14 November 2012. Retrieved 15 November 2012. 
  24. ^ Er, İsmail (15 November 2012). "Türkiye 1–1 Danimarka". Hürriyet Spor (in Turkish). Retrieved 15 November 2012. 
  25. ^ "FIFA sanctions several football associations after discriminatory chants by fans". FIFA.com. 27 May 2016. 
  26. ^ http://www.ffk-kosova.com/federata/?p=17180
  27. ^ "Kosova-Türkiye maçı, Arnavutluk'ta oynanacak" (in Turkish). Turkish Football Federation. 17 February 2017. 
  28. ^ "A Milli Takım'ın Ukrayna ve Hırvatistan maçları aday kadrosu açıklandı" (in Turkish). Turkish Football Association. 25 August 2017. 
  29. ^ Cite error: The named reference Greece_sanctioned was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  30. ^ "A Milli Takım En Fazla Milli Olan Oyuncularımız TFF". Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  31. ^ "Türkiye Futbol Federasyonu Ana Sayfa TFF". Retrieved 21 June 2017. 
  32. ^ "Hata Sayfası". Retrieved 29 October 2016. 

External linksEdit