Adana Demirspor

Adana Demirspor is a sports club based in Adana, Turkey. Founded by railway workers in 1940, the club is competitive in football, watersports, racquet sports and martial arts.[2] The football team's thriving success at the Adana League and the water polo team's unbeaten National League titles in the first three decades, built a large worker fan base in the city and attracted landowners to finance the club. Believing that the worker supported, landowner financed, TCDD governed club are alienating them, middle-class merchants and artisans founded Adanaspor in 1954 and competition among the two clubs for the citywide support and domination, created one of the fierce rivalries of Turkish football which continues to this day as Adana derby.[3]

Adana Demirspor
Adana Demirspor logo.png
Full nameAdana Demirspor Kulübü A.Ş.
Nickname(s)Mavi Şimşekler
(Blue Lightnings)
Short nameADS
Founded28 December 1940; 81 years ago (1940-12-28)[1]
GroundNew Adana Stadium
Capacity33,543
PresidentMurat Sancak
Head coachVincenzo Montella
LeagueSüper Lig
2021–22Süper Lig, 9th of 20
WebsiteClub website
Current season

Adana Demirspor are the first club that is based outside of İstanbul-Ankara-İzmir to join the National Football League, at a time, the league games were only hosted in the largest three cities. The club promoted to the top flight in 1960-61 season and are currently playing there their 19th season.[4][5] Water polo team are the first champions of the Turkish Water Polo League and had dominated the first three decades of the league, winning 21 league titles in 25 years, from early 1940s to mid 1960s.

Adana Demirspor are by far the most successful of the 38 Demirspor clubs that are founded by the employees of the Turkish State Railways (TCDD).[6] Most Demirspor clubs have jersey colours identical to Adana Demirspor, and bear the TCDD symbol on their logo. Ankara Demirspor are the only other Demirspor club that compete in the Turkish professional football league system, and the only ones that are still affiliated with TCDD.

ADS have one of the most passionate fan base in Turkey. The club did not have a major title in the last 40 years, the highest spot the club could gain at the Turkish top-flight was the sixth place, have been away from Süper Lig for 26 years, have never participated in European Cups, have had less success then their archrival including the derby games; though the level of support grew rapidly almost every decade.[7] This was mainly attributed to the worker dominated solid fan base, who by seeing themselves as the true owner, sustained the club as a community club and carried further to be more than a club. A significant portion of the fan base is politically left leaning.

HistoryEdit

The foundation of Adana Demirspor was first laid down in 1938 by Eşref Demirağ, Vasfı Ramzan, Hasan Silah, Hikmet Tezel, Feridun Kuzeybay, Seha Keyder, Emin Ersan, Esat Gürkan, and Kenan Gülgün from TCDD. The club was formally founded on 28 December 1940 with the help of over five hundred employees of TCDD.[8] Adana Demirspor competed in the Adana Football League along with the Cilician clubs; Mersin İdman Yurdu, Tarsus İdman Yurdu, Torosspor, Seyhanspor, and Milli Mensucat. Demirspor won the league a record 15 times between 1942 and 1959.[9] They also won the Turkish Amateur Championship in 1954 against Hacettepe. The match finished 1–0, with Selami Tekkazancı scoring the only goal.[8]

 
Former club office at the Central Station (now Club Museum)

Before 1959, Turkey did not have a national professional league. Instead, teams competed in regional amateur leagues in cities such as Adana, Ankara, Eskişehir, İzmir, Kayseri, and Trabzon.[10] The Milli Lig, known today as the Süper Lig, was created in 1959. The league consisted of eight clubs from Istanbul, and four clubs each from Ankara and İzmir.[11] When Adana Demirspor joined the Milli Lig in 1960, they became the first club from outside the three major football cities to compete. However, their stay didn't last long, as they finished last place with 18 points in their first season due to playing their home matches in Ankara.[12] The club returned to the Adana League, where they competed until 1963. The 2.Lig (Second Division)[13] was created at the start of the 1963–64 season. Adana Demirspor were allowed to compete in the league, and placed second in their first season.[14] Demirspor competed in the 2. Lig for nine years before gaining promotion back to the 1. Lig for the first time since the 1960–61 season. They secured promotion after defeating Uşakspor 2–0, with goals from Fatih Terim and Bektaş Yurttasın.[8][15]

Adana Demirspor reached the finals of the 1977–78 Turkish Cup. At the time, the final was played over two legs. Demirspor lost the first leg 3–0, and failed to make a comeback in the second leg, drawing 0–0 with Trabzonspor. They met Trabzonspor in a cup final once more that year, this time in the Prime Minister's Cup, but would go on to lose 2–1.[4][7] Their stay in the top-flight continued through 1984, and reached its apex when the club finished sixth in the 1981–82 season.[5] Since then, Demirspor have failed to match their success. They spent the next several years moving back and forth between the 1. Lig and 2. Lig. Their last season of top-flight football came in 1994–95. The club finished with 15 points, their lowest point total ever in the 1. Lig.[8][16] Adana Demirspor reached their lowest point professionally in 1999 when they were relegated to the 3. Lig (Third Division before the 2001–02 season). The club spent two years in the 3. Lig before gaining promotion to the newly created 2. Lig. The 2. Lig became the 1. Lig and the 1. Lig became the Süper Lig in 2001. Adana Demirspor competed in the 2. Lig from 2004 to 2012, before returning to First League after winning promotion play-offs.[8]

Stadium and facilitiesEdit

 
Marathon (East) stands choreography show

Adana Demir's homeground is the New Adana Stadium since March 2021. The stadium has a capacity of 33,543 seats.[17] The stadium`s north seats are painted to Adana Demirspor's jersey colors and south seats are painted to Adanaspor`s jersey colors. Şimşekler group gather at the North Stand, other fan groups tend to gather at the northern section of the East Stands. From 1940 to 2021, the football team played their home games at the now defunct 5 Ocak Stadium. The waterpolo team played their home games at the Atatürk Swimming Complex from 1940 to dissolution. Menderes Sports Hall hosted club`s basketball and volleyball teams.

 
The main training ground in Yüreğir
 
Club Store in Reşatbey

Adana Demir's main training ground is the "Adana Demirspor Tesisleri", along the Seyhan river bank in the Yüreğir district. The training ground was built by the Metropolitan Municipality on a state land in early 2000s. It was named the Aytaç Durak Tesisleri to honour the long-time serving mayor of Adana, who lead the construction of the training ground. As it was built on a state land without a tenancy agreement, Milli Emlak (en:National Property Foundation) sent an eviction notice several times in late 2010s. In March 2019, with the efforts of the Adana MP Jülide Sarıeroğlu, a tenancy agreement is finally made between ADS and the Milli Emlak which secured the training ground for a long-term and at the same time the facility is renamed the Adana Demirspor Tesisleri.[18] The main training ground hosts the Club's Head Office and is made of 4 football fields, Club store, fitness center, swimming pool and the staff-player residences.

Adana Demir youth teams train at the TCDD owned training ground at the Central railway station in Kurtuluş, Seyhan. The property, which is composed of a football field and Youth Office, is rented out to Adana Demir for free. ADS Club Museum which is next to the TCDD training ground, was the Club's Head Office from 1940 to 2000. Adana Demir has three club stores, one at the main training ground, one at M1 mall and one at the Park Adana mall. The club store at the 5 Ocak Stadium in Reşatbey, moved a little further and is now ran by the supporter group, Şimşekler.

Support and rivalriesEdit

 
A banner at a TCDD facility: 'Adana Demirspor are the brow sweat of the railway workers.'

Adana Demirspor draw support from all over the city and as well as from the districts of the Adana Province. As being founded as a railway club, they are supported by the railway workers in Turkey. Politically left leaning people also have sympathy for the club.

The main supporters group is called Mavi Şimşekler, which translates to Blue lightnings. The fans are known to have a left-wing political stance, as result they have good relations with other left-wing teams such as Livorno and St Pauli. The archrivals are Adanaspor, who share the New Adana Stadium with Adana Demirspor.[19][20]

DepartmentsEdit

FootballEdit

The football department is the only department that survived the whole history of the club. The department is administered by Sporting Director Gökhan Göktürk. The first team is coached by Vincenzo Montella.

Current squadEdit

As of 1 July 2022[21]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
2 DF   TUR Tayyip Talha Sanuç
4 DF   GER Semih Güler
5 DF   TUR Samet Akaydın (3rd captain)
7 FW   COD Britt Assombalonga
9 FW   ITA Mario Balotelli
10 MF   MAR Younès Belhanda
11 FW   NGA David Akintola
18 MF   TUR Mustafa Kapı
22 DF   NOR Jonas Svensson
30 MF   TUR Emrecan Uzun
50 MF   ENG Erhun Oztumer
66 DF   TUR İsmail Çokçalış
67 MF   ISL Birkir Bjarnason
No. Pos. Nation Player
75 MF   TUR Hıjran Alı Boyacı
88 MF    SUI Gökhan Inler (Captain)
90 DF   FRA Benjamin Stambouli (Vice-captain)
91 DF   CIV Simon Deli
95 DF   SEN Joher Rassoul
MF   TUR İzzet Çelik
DF   POR Kévin Rodrigues
MF   SEN Badou Ndiaye
FW   TUR Yusuf Sarı
MF   SYR Aias Aosman
DF   TUR Abdurrahim Dursun
GK   TUR Ertac Özbir
DF   MKD Jovan Manev (on loan from Bregalnica Štip)
Out on loanEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
DF   TUR Tolga Kalender (on loan to Bayrampaşa)
MF   TUR Burhan Ersoy (on loan to Bayrampaşa)
MF   TUR Tayfun Aydoğan (on loan to Tuzlaspor)
MF   TUR Sedat Sahintürk (on loan to Bandırmaspor)
MF   GER Bünyamin Balat (on loan to Denizlispor)
No. Pos. Nation Player
FW   TUR Yiğit Gümüş (on loan to Bayrampaşa)
FW   TUR Çağan Atik (on loan to Bayrampaşa)
FW   TUR Musa Bulut (on loan to Niğde Anadolu)
FW   ITA Enock Barwuah (on loan to Menemenspor)

Current technical staffEdit

Role Name
Head Coach   Vincenzo Montella
Assistant Coaches   Daniele Russo
  Serkan Damla
Goalkeeping Coach   Murat Gönen
Data Analyst   Massimo Crivellaro
Fitness Coaches   Nedim Askeri
  Pierpaolo Polino
Physiotherapist   Emrah Korkmaz
Club Doctor   Aydın Balcı
  • Last updated: 28 November 2021
  • Source:Technical staff[22]

League affiliationEdit

Turkish League SpotsEdit
Süper Lig PerformanceEdit
Season Rank G W D L GF GA Pts
1960–61 20 38 3 12 23 21 66 18
1973–74 10 30 9 9 12 19 21 27
1974–75 8 30 8 14 8 29 27 30
1975–76 8 30 10 8 12 28 35 28
1976–77 12 30 6 14 10 21 32 26
1977–78 13 30 7 11 12 24 36 25
1978–79 13 30 9 9 12 23 32 27
1979–80 8 30 10 9 11 26 23 29
1980–81 12 30 11 7 12 25 26 29
1981–82 6 32 10 13 9 30 23 33
1982–83 7 34 13 7 14 39 36 33
1983–84 16 34 9 11 14 37 54 29
1987–88 10 38 16 4 18 59 64 52
1988–89 14 36 12 6 18 51 73 42
1989–90 17 34 5 8 21 30 83 23
1991–92 15 30 5 9 16 27 61 24
1994–95 18 34 3 6 25 25 81 15
2021–22 9 38 15 10 13 60 47 55

Swimming and water poloEdit

The Atatürk Swimming Complex, the largest swimming pool of the time, had opened in Adana in 1938 with the efforts of the Adana Mayor Turhan Cemal Beriker and the Regional Sports Director Rıza Salih Saray. Adana Demirspor formed the swimming and water polo team from 40 youngsters who developed their swimming skills at the irrigation canals in the city. Adana Demir had joined the Turkish Water polo League in 1942, playing their home games at the new complex. From 1942 to 1954, the club had 13 League titles, without losing a game. They had another 8 titles until 1965, bringing the number of league titles to 21. After all this success, Adana Demirspor water polo team has known as Unbeatables, for several decades. Muharrem Gülergin, son of a railway worker, became a legend for the club for his leadership at the water polo team. Erdal Acet broke the record of swimming Canal La Manche (English Channel) in 9 hours and 2 minutes in 1976.

League affiliationEdit

Other departmentsEdit

Besides the football and water polo departments, Adana Demirspor have formed athletics, cycling, swimming departments with the foundation of the club. In the next decades, wrestling, basketball, and volleyball departments were founded. Currently, the only active department is the football department.

AthleticsEdit

Atletics department participated regional competitions from 1940 to 1952. The department had its best ever season 1953-1954 with titles won by the athletes Yıldıray Pagda, Atilla Pinoz, Yavuz Pagda and Turgay Renklikurt, all becoming well known nationally. The club had several team titles and individual titles within the next decade. After an idling period that lasted until 1980, with the re-organizing efforts of Regional Athletics Coach, Hasan Tekin, the club won titles in the next five years.

BasketballEdit

Basketball department was founded by Alaettin Atsal and Demiray Sayılır and have first appeared in Turkish League in 1968. Adana Demirspor have won the Anatolian Cup title at 1969-1970 season and were promoted to the Turkish Basketball First League. The club were promoted to the Basketball Super League at 1972-1973 after winning a highly competitive season. The department had dissolved in 1980s and had re-opened in 2003, competing at the Regional League for some years.

League affiliationEdit
First Tier PerformanceEdit
Season Rank G W D L GF GA Pts
1973-1974 11 21 4 0 17 1369 1645 29
1975-1976 12 22 1 0 21 1403 1974 24

CyclingEdit

Cycling agent and coach Ahmet Ecesoy trained cyclists Ertugrul Arlı, Ahmet Avcılar, İbrahım Gönül and Erol Berk, all becoming part of the National Cycling Team of Turkey. Cycling department were dissolved in 1983.

VolleyballEdit

The volleyball department were the champions for 5 years in a row, from 1967 to 1972 at the Regional Volleyball League. They were dissolved soon after.

WrestlingEdit

Club directors Şevket Kapulu ve Fevzi Özşahin founded the wrestling department in 1956 by converting part of the clubhouse to a wrestling training center, and making up a team from field wrestlers. Wrestlers of Adana Demirspor competed for the Turkish National Wrestling Team in several events. The Wrestling department of ADS became less active after 1968 and were dissolved within the next decade.

HonoursEdit

  • Adana Football
    • National Finals
      • Winners (1) : 1954
      • Third (2) : 1947, 1951[23]
    • Adana League
      • Winners (16) (record): 1942–43, 1943–44, 1944–45, 1945–46, 1946–47, 1947–48, 1948–49, 1949–50, 1950–51, 1951–52, 1952–53, 1953–54, 1954–55, 1956–57, 1957–58, 1958–59[24]
  • Turkish Football League System
  • Turkish Waterpolo League
    • Sutopu 1.Lig
      • Winners (21): 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1956, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965
  • Turkish Basketball League

GovernanceEdit

Adana Demirspor is an incorporated company that will partially open to public. President Murat Sancak holds the majority of the shares. The club were a member-owned sports club until 2021. From 1940 to 1959, the club were directly governed by TCDD.

As of 21 September 2021[27]
Position Name
President Murat Sancak
Deputy President Metin Korkmaz
Vice-President Remzi Kar
Director for TFF Relations Levent Özveren
Director for Legal Matters Tekin Taylancı
Director for Public Relations Savaş Çokduygulu
Director for Amateur Branches İsmail Tanrıverdi
Director for Facilities and Supporters Levent Aris
Director for International Relations Ekrem İnaltekin
Director for Advertisements and Sponsorship Telat Şahin
Board Member Süleyman Bilici
Board Member Fatih Tosmur
Board Member Tarkan Kulak
Board Member Casim Korkmaz
Board Member Cihan Şanlı
Board Member Tarık Özunal

Notable playersEdit

Fatih Terim and Hasan Şaş, two names synonymous with Galatasaray S.K. and the Turkish national team, were born in Adana and began their careers with Adana Demirspor. Terim spent five years at the club before moving to Galatasaray. He became a manager after retiring and won several honours, including the UEFA Cup in 2000, four straight Süper Lig titles,[28] and a semi-final finish in the 2008 UEFA European Football Championship. Şaş spent two years at the club before moving to Ankaragücü in 1995. He was a part of the Turkey squad that finished in third place at the 2002 FIFA World Cup. He also played a part in winning five Süper Lig[29] and three Turkish Cup titles with Galatasaray from 1998 to 2009. Adana Demirspor also produced striker Taner Gülleri.

ReferencesEdit

Notes
  1. ^ Total of 21 seasons
  2. ^ Total of 61 seasons
  3. ^ Total of 19 seasons
  4. ^ Total of 31 seasons
  5. ^ Total of 11 seasons
  6. ^ Total of 10 seasons
  7. ^ Total of 2 seasons
  8. ^ Total of 8 seasons
Citations
  1. ^ [1] Adana Demirspor Kulübü, accessed 8 June 2021
  2. ^ [2] NTV Spor, accessed 09 May 2021
  3. ^ [3] Altınşehir Adana, accessed 23 January 2020
  4. ^ a b Sivritepe, Erdinç TÜRKİYE KUPASI – TURKISH CUP turkish-soccer.com, accessed 4 June 2010
  5. ^ a b Sivritepe, Erdinç 1981–1982 1.Lig turkish-soccer.com, accessed 4 June 2010
  6. ^ "İçinden Demiryolu geçen kulüpler: Demirsporlar • Tribun Dergi". www.tribundergi.com.
  7. ^ a b c Pekin, Cem Year 18 – 1978 – Trabzonspor turkish-soccer.com, accessed 4 June 2010
  8. ^ a b c d e TARİHÇE Archived 12 March 2010 at the Wayback Machine adanademirspor.org.tr (in Turkish), accessed 4 June 2010
  9. ^ Sivritepe, Erdinç Before Turkish Leagues – Adana Archived 18 February 2010 at the Wayback Machine turkish-soccer.com, accessed 4 June 2010
  10. ^ Sivritepe, Erdinç Before the Turkish Leagues turkish-soccer.com, accessed 4 June 2010
  11. ^ Sivritepe, Erdinç 1959 Milli Lig turkish-soccer.com, accessed 4 June 2010
  12. ^ Sivritepe, Erdinç 1960–61 Milli Lig turkish-soccer.com, accessed 4 June 2010
  13. ^ During this season, the Milli Lig became the 1.Lig, and the newly created Second Division was titled the 2. Lig. However, the second level league is now known as the 1. Lig (First League), and the top-level league is now the Süper Lig.
  14. ^ Sivritepe, Erdinç 1963–1964 2.Lig turkish-soccer.com, accessed 4 June 2010
  15. ^ Sivritepe, Erdinç 1972–1973 1.Lig turkish-soccer.com, accessed 4 June 2010
  16. ^ Sivritepe, Erdinç 1994–1995 1.Lig turkish-soccer.com, accessed 4 June 2010
  17. ^ "Koza Arena'ya Özel Çim". adanahaber.net (in Turkish). 27 February 2015.
  18. ^ [4] 5 Ocak Gazetesi, accessed 28 January 2020
  19. ^ "Soccer Vs. the State: Tackling Football and Radical Politics", PM Press, 2011, Gabriel Kuhn, p.172
  20. ^ "Hürriyet Daily News". Hürriyet Daily News.
  21. ^ "A Takım Kadrosu" [A Team Roster] (in Turkish). Adana Demirspor. Retrieved 5 August 2021.
  22. ^ "Technical staff".
  23. ^ Sivritepe, Erdinç Adana Demirspor Tarihçe adanademirspor.org.tr (in Turkish), accessed 28 February 2020
  24. ^ Arıpınar, Erdoğan; et al. (June 1992). Türk Futbol Tarihi 1904–1991 (in Turkish). Vol. 1. Türkiye Futbol Federasyonu Yayınları. pp. 76–77.
  25. ^ Sivritepe, Erdinç 2. Lig B Grubu – 3.Aşama (Denizli – Atatürk Stadyumu) turkish-soccer.com (in Turkish), accessed 4 June 2010
  26. ^ Sivritepe, Erdinç TÜRKİYE KUPASI – TURKISH CUP turkish-soccer.com (in English), accessed 4 June 2010
  27. ^ "Yönetim Kurulu" [Board of Directors] (in Turkish). Adana Demirspor. Archived from the original on 21 September 2021. Retrieved 21 September 2021.
  28. ^ See Turkish First Football League 1996–97, Turkish First Football League 1997-98, Turkish First Football League 1998-99, Turkish First Football League 1999-00
  29. ^ See Turkish First Football League 1997-98, Turkish First Football League 1998-99, Süper Lig 2001–02, Süper Lig 2005–06, Süper Lig 2007–08

External linksEdit