China national football team

The China national football team (simplified Chinese: 中国国家足球队; traditional Chinese: 中國國家足球隊; pinyin: Zhōngguó guójiā zúqiú duì, recognised as China PR by FIFA) represents the People's Republic of China in international association football and is governed by the Chinese Football Association.

China
Shirt badge/Association crest
Nickname(s)龙之队
(Dragon's Team)
AssociationChinese Football Association (CFA)
ConfederationAFC (Asia)
Sub-confederationEAFF (East Asia)
Head coach Vacant
CaptainWu Xi
Most capsLi Weifeng (112)
Top scorerHao Haidong (41)
Home stadiumBeijing National Stadium
FIFA codeCHN
First colours
Second colours
FIFA ranking
Current 78 Steady (25 August 2022)[1]
Highest37 (December 1998)
Lowest109 (March 2013)
First international
 Philippines 2–1 China 
(Manila, Philippines; 1 February 1913)[2]
Biggest win
 China 19–0 Guam 
(Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam; 26 January 2000)
Biggest defeat
 Brazil 8–0 China 
(Recife, Brazil; 10 September 2012)
World Cup
Appearances1 (first in 2002)
Best resultGroup stage (2002)
Asian Cup
Appearances12 (first in 1976)
Best resultRunners-up (1984, 2004)
EAFF Championship
Appearances9 (first in 2003)
Best resultChampions (2005, 2010)

China won the EAFF East Asian Cup in 2005 and 2010, was runner-up at the AFC Asian Cup in 1984 and 2004 and made its sole FIFA World Cup appearance in 2002, losing all matches without scoring a goal.

HistoryEdit

Republic of China (1913–1949)Edit

 
Chinese Olympic football team in 1936

China's first-ever international representative match was arranged by Elwood Brown, president of the Philippine Athletic Association, who proposed the creation of the Far Eastern Championship Games, a multi-sport event considered to be a precursor to the Asian Games.[4] He invited China to participate in the inaugural 1913 Far Eastern Championship Games held in the Philippines, which included association football within the schedule. To represent them, it was decided that the winner of the football at the Chinese National Games in 1910 should have the honour to represent the country, where it was won by South China Football Club.[5] The club's founder and coach Mok Hing (Chinese 莫慶) would become China's first coach and on 4 February 1913 in a one-off tournament game held in the Manila he led China to a 2–1 defeat against the Philippines national football team.[6]

The political unrest of the Xinhai Revolution that mired China's participation in the first tournament, especially in renaming the team as Republic of China national football team, did not stop Shanghai being awarded the 1915 Far Eastern Championship Games. Once again South China Football Club, now known as South China Athletic Association won the right to represent the nation. This time in a two legged play-off against the Philippines, China won the first game 1–0 and then drew the second 0–0 to win their first ever tournament.[7] With the games being the first and only regional football tournament for national teams outside Britain, China looked to establish themselves as a regional powerhouse by winning a total of nine championships.[8]

The Chinese Football Association was founded in 1924 and then was first affiliated with FIFA in 1931.[9] With these foundations in place China looked to establish themselves within the international arena and along with Japan were the first Asian sides to participate in the Football at the Summer Olympics when they competed within the 1936 Summer Olympics held in Germany. At the tournament China were knocked out within their first game at the round of 16 when they were beaten by Great Britain Olympic football team 2–0 on 6 August 1936.[10]

On 7 July 1937 the Second Sino-Japanese War officially erupted, which saw the relations between China and Japan completely eroded especially once it was announced that Japan would hold the 1938 Far Eastern Championship Games.[11] The tournament would be officially cancelled while Japan held their own tournament called the 2600th Anniversary of the Japanese Empire, which included the Japanese puppet states Manchukuo and the collaborationist National Reorganised Government of China based in occupied Nanjing. But none of the top Chinese players competed in the Japanese Empire anniversary games.[12] None of the games during the Second Sino-Japanese War are officially recognized and once the war ended on 9 September 1945 China looked to the Olympics once again for international recognition. On 2 August 1948 China competed in the Football at the 1948 Summer Olympics where they were once again knocked out in the last sixteen, this time by Turkey national football team in a 4–0 defeat.[13] When the players returned they found the country in the midst of the Chinese Civil War. When it ended, the team had been split into two, one called the People's Republic of China national football team and the other called Republic of China national football team (later renamed Chinese Taipei national football team).[14]

Early People's Republic (1950–1976)Edit

The newly instated People's Republic of China reformed CFA before having FIFA acknowledge their 1931 membership on 14 June 1952.[15] Finland, who were one of the first nations to hold diplomatic relations with China's new government, invited the country to take part in the 1952 Summer Olympics. Li Fenglou would become the country's first permanent manager to lead them in the tournament, however the Chinese delegation was delayed and they missed the entire competition, nevertheless the Finland national football team would still greet Li and the Chinese team with a friendly game on 4 August 1952 making it People's Republic of China's official first game, which ended in a 4–0 defeat.[16][17] In preparation for entering their first FIFA competition, China sent a young squad to train in Hungary in 1954.[18] However, when they entered the 1958 FIFA World Cup qualification process China were knocked out by Indonesia.[19]

On 7 June 1958, China stopped participating within any FIFA recognised football events when FIFA officially started to recognise the Republic of China as a different country.[15] This sparked a diplomatic argument that had already seen China withdraw from the 1956 Summer Olympics for the same reasons.[20] For years the People's Republic of China would only play in friendlies with nations who recognized them as the sole heir to the China name.[19] On 25 October 1971 the United Nations would recognise the People's Republic country as the sole heir to the China name in their General Assembly Resolution 2758 act.[21][22][23] In 1973,[citation needed][clarification needed] the Nationalist Chinese team, which had been using the name "Republic of China", would stop using that name and would eventually rename themselves as "Chinese Taipei" in 1980.[24] These acts would see China rejoin the international sporting community, first by becoming a member of the Asian Football Confederation in 1974 and by rejoining FIFA again in 1979.[25][26]

1980–2009: an Asian powerhouseEdit

The 1974 Asian Games reintroduced the team back into international football while the 1976 AFC Asian Cup saw them came third.[27]

 
Chinese players in a match against Saudi Arabia at the 1984 AFC Asian Cup

In 1980, China participated in the 1982 FIFA World Cup qualifiers for a berth in the 1982 World Cup, but they lost a play-off game against New Zealand.[28] During the 1986 FIFA World Cup qualifiers for the 1986 World Cup, China faced Hong Kong at home in the final match of the first qualifying round on 19 May 1985 where China only needed a draw to advance. However, Hong Kong produced a 2–1 upset win which resulted in riots inside and outside the stadium in Beijing.[29] During the 1990 FIFA World Cup qualifiers, China again reached the final round. They just missed out on qualifying as they conceded two goals in the final three minutes against Qatar in their final group match.[30] During the 1994 FIFA World Cup qualifiers – when they were led by their first ever foreign manager, Klaus Schlapner – China failed to reach the final round of qualifying, coming second behind Iraq.[31]

In 1987, the first Chinese footballers moved abroad when future national team player Xie Yuxin joined FC Zwolle (Netherlands) and ex-national teamer Gu Guangming joined SV Darmstadt 98 (Germany). In 1988, national team captain Jia Xiuquan and striker Liu Haiguang both joined FK Partizan (Yugoslavia).[32][33]

After failing to reach the 1998 FIFA World Cup, China appointed Serbian manager Bora Milutinović as coach of the national team, and China saw its fortune increased. The country managed to take fourth-place finish in the 2000 AFC Asian Cup where the Chinese side performed well, and only fell to heavyweights Japan and South Korea by one goal margin.[34] The good performance in Lebanon boosted the confidence of Chinese side, and in 2002 FIFA World Cup qualifiers, China lost only one and drew only one, winning all the remaining games, most notably an important 1–0 win over Oman, to finally reach the 2002 FIFA World Cup, its first and only World Cup up to date.[35] In the 2002 World Cup, China was eliminated after three matches without gaining a single point nor even scoring a goal during their participation in the tournament.[36]

China hosted the 2004 AFC Asian Cup, ultimately fell 1–3 to Japan in a final match. The match's outcome sparked anger among Chinese supporters, who rioted in response to bad refereeing.[37] There were an estimated 250 million viewers for the match, the largest single-event sports audience in the country's history at that time.[38]

After winning the 2005 East Asian Football Championship following a 2–0 win against North Korea,[39] they started qualification for the 2007 AFC Asian Cup. During this time, the team became the subject of immense criticism and national embarrassment in the media when they had managed to score only one goal, Shao Jiayi's penalty kick during injury time, against Singapore at home and only managed a draw with Singapore in the away game. During preparations for the 2007 AFC Asian Cup, the team spent the weeks leading up to the tournament on a tour of the United States. While the 4–1 loss to the United States was not unexpected,[40] a 1–0 loss to Major League Soccer side Real Salt Lake which finished bottom of the league in the 2007 season caused serious concern.[41][42]

During the 2007 AFC Asian Cup, the team played three group matches, winning against Malaysia, drawing with Iran after leading 2–1, and losing 3–0 to Uzbekistan. After high expectations, China's performance at the tournament drew criticism online which condemned the team's members and even the association. Zhu was later replaced as manager by Vladimir Petrović after these performances.[43] Some commented that China's reliance on foreign managers for the past decade had been an indicator of its poor domestic manager development.[44]

In June 2008, China failed to qualify for the 2010 FIFA World Cup, losing against Qatar and Iraq at home. After the 2008 Summer Olympics, Petrović was sacked as the manager and Yin Tiesheng was announced as the team's caretaker.

2010–present: stagnationEdit

Gao Hongbo eraEdit

In April 2009, China appointed Gao Hongbo as the new manager, replacing Yin Tiesheng. His arrival saw China opt for a new strategy, turning towards ground passing tactics and adopting the 4–2–3–1 formation. It was noted that Chinese footballers had relied too heavily on the long ball tactic for almost a decade. Wei Di, the chief of the Chinese Football Association, stressed that, "Anytime, no matter win or loss, they must show their team spirit and courage. I hope, after one year's effort, the national team can give the public a new image."[45] Gao was knocked out of the 2011 AFC Asian Cup's group stage. His winning percentage (65%), the highest for a Chinese manager since Nian Weisi (67.86%), did not defer the Chinese Football Association from replacing him with José Antonio Camacho in August 2011, less than a month before the qualification process for the 2014 FIFA World Cup.

Appointment of José Antonio CamachoEdit

On 13 August 2011, José Antonio Camacho was appointed as the new manager of the team, signing a three-year deal for a reported annual salary of $8 million.[46] Wei Di, CFA chief, explained the decision as being part of a long-term plan to help the country catch up with rivals Japan and South Korea. He noted that, "Compared with our neighbours Japan and South Korea, Chinese football is lagging far behind, we need to work with a long-term view and start to catch up with a pragmatic approach. A lot of our fans expect China to qualify for the 2014 World Cup finals in Brazil. They are afraid that changing the coach at the last moment may cause bad effect to the team's qualifying prospect. I can totally understand that. But we do not have any time to waste."[47]

Yu Hongchen, the vice-president of the Chinese Football Administrative Centre, also stated, "The qualifying stage of 2014 World Cup is just a temporary task for him. Even if the task is failed, Camacho will not lose the job. When we started to find a new coach for the national team, we mainly focus on European countries such as Germany, the Netherlands and Spain. First of all, they have advanced football concepts, and secondly they have a productive youth training system, which we can learn from. We hope he can help us to find a suitable style."[47]

Camacho managed a team to an 8–0 loss against Brazil on 10 September 2012 which would go on record as China's biggest ever international defeat. This massive loss also succumbed China to their worst ever FIFA ranking (109th).[48]

Camacho led China during their qualification process for the 2015 AFC Asian Cup whereby losing the first group match 2–1 to Saudi Arabia.[49] After a 5–1 loss against Thailand in a friendly, Camacho sacked a week as manager with Fu Bo assigned as the caretaker.

Alain Perrin and Gao Hongbo returnsEdit

 
The Chinese national team in Tehran before a 2018 WCQ match with Iran

After Camacho, there was Alain Perrin, who finally led China to qualify for the 2015 AFC Asian Cup, which also included luck from the Thailand–Lebanon encounter, in which Thailand lost but salvaged an important goal by Adisak Kraisorn to help improve China's goal difference with the Lebanese.[50] Soon after that, Perrin led China into a series of friendlies, where some positive results against Macedonia, Kuwait, Paraguay and Thailand boosted some optimism.

In the 2015 Asian Cup, Perrin's China was placed in a group with Saudi Arabia, Uzbekistan and North Korea. China emerged victoriously in all three games, qualified for the knockout stage for the first time since the 2004 edition.[51][52] The Chinese Dragons then lost to host Australia 0–2 with Tim Cahill scoring a brace.[53]

Despite this, China's 2018 FIFA World Cup qualifiers immediately represented a huge problem for the Chinese side; they were held goalless by Hong Kong at home twice, and lost to Qatar. Perrin was sacked for the team's poor performance at the middle of the second round following another goalless draw to Hong Kong,[54] and former coach Gao Hongbo returned to the role on 3 February 2016, where he had to face a task of guiding China in at the expense of North Korea which had a better second-place ranking than China. Gao's first two matches were consecutive wins against Maldives and Qatar, and with North Korea suddenly slipping out against the Philippines, these results secured the team's passage to the 2019 AFC Asian Cup and entering the final qualifying stage for the World Cup.

China continued their World Cup hunt by a 2–3 defeat to South Korea;[55] and a goalless draw to AFC's then highest ranked Iran at home.[56] However, China followed that with a 0–1 loss at home to Syria and 0–2 away to Uzbekistan next month. Gao Hongbo resigned. His team had been winless in the first four matches of the final qualifying stage for the World Cup, including a home loss to Syria which was criticised by a number of fans.[57]

Lippi's tenureEdit

 
Chinese players after win against Thailand at 2019 AFC Asian Cup Round of 16

On 22 October 2016, Marcello Lippi was appointed manager of the team ahead for the last remaining matches.[58] A match saw China defeat South Korea for the first time in a FIFA-sanctioned tournament, amidst the heat of tensions over South Korea's deployment of THAAD.[59] However, China's away loss to Iran and a 2–2 draw to Syria meant China was unable to compete with and dragged behind by Syria who managed a 2–2 draw with Iran and not to be qualified for the 2018 World Cup under Lippi's tenure, but improvements could be seen following two late wins over Uzbekistan and Qatar.[60]

Lippi led the side during the final stage of the 2019 AFC Asian Cup, where China won 2–1 to Kyrgyzstan and 3–0 to Philippines, before losing 2–0 to group leaders South Korea on 16 January.[61] China then beat Thailand 2–1 to earn a place in the quarter-finals, where it was knocked 3–0 out by Iran; Lippi subsequently confirmed his departure.[62]

Another Italian, Fabio Cannavaro was appointed as the next China's manager in conjunction with coaching Guangzhou Evergrande but he stepped down after only two matches.[63]

Lacked of option in searching for a new coach, CFA reappointed Marcello Lippi.[64] To improve the team, China had begun a series of naturalization on foreign-based players, with Nico Yennaris, an English-born Cypriot,[65] and Tyias Browning, another English-born player, being naturalized.[66] Subsequently, Elkeson, a Brazilian player with no Chinese ancestry, was naturalized.[67] Despite the process of naturalization, the 2022 FIFA World Cup qualification for China proved to be rockier than expected, the team could only beat the Maldives and Guam, before being held goalless in the Philippines and followed with a denting 1–2 away loss to Syria, and Lippi resigned as coach.[68]

Li Tie's eraEdit

2002 FIFA World Cup ace Li Tie was appointed as China's head coach on 2 January 2020.[69] Trailing behind Syria by five points before Li took charge, China were still unable to reclaim their first place but nonetheless managed to win all of their remaining fixtures, including an important 2–0 win over the Philippines and notably a 3–1 win over Syria to guarantee them as the best second-placed team, thus reaching the third round.[70][71]

In the third round, China shared Group B with Asian powerhouses Japan, Australia and Saudi Arabia, alongside Oman and Vietnam. The Chinese started poorly with two losses to Australia and Japan in Doha due to the COVID-19 pandemic at home preventing the country from hosting.[72][73] After this poor start, China salvaged five points in the next four matches, including a hard-fought 3–2 win over Vietnam and two 1–1 draws to Oman and especially Australia, all occurring in Sharjah, the UAE.[74][75] However, despite these improvements, Li Tie was sacked on 2 December 2021 amidst heavy criticism.[76]

Li Xiaopeng's eraEdit

After Li Tie's resignation, his World Cup teammate Li Xiaopeng took the head coach position with immense pressure.[77] China's first game under Li Xiaopeng, however, was a 0–2 away loss to Japan in Saitama, effectively ending China's hopes of finishing in the top two and could only rely on the play-offs.[78] Yet, on 1 February 2022, coinciding with the traditional Lunar New Year in China, the Chinese stumbled to a shock 1–3 away loss to Vietnam in Hanoi, officially extending China's hunt for a second World Cup appearance to 24 years.[79] This agonising defeat, the first in Chinese football history to its southern neighbour on a special day for both nations, triggered widespread public criticism and condemnation among Chinese fans.[80] With their World Cup hopes completely lost, China grabbed a solitary point coming from a 1–1 draw with the Saudis before losing to Oman 0–2 in Muscat, finishing fifth with two more points than Vietnam.

Team imageEdit

The team is colloquially termed "Dragon's Team" (Chinese: 龙之队; pinyin: Lóng zhī duì),[81] "Team China" (Chinese: 中国队), the "National Team" (Chinese: 国家队) or "Guózú" (Chinese: 国足, short for Chinese: 国家足球队; pinyin: Guójiā Zúqiú Duì; lit. 'national football team').[82]

China's home kit is traditionally all red with a white trim while their away kit is traditionally an inverted version of the home kit, fully white with a red trim. During the 1996 AFC Asian Cup, China employed a third kit which was all blue with a white trim and was used against Saudi Arabia during the tournament.[83] The team has also started to use cooling vests in certain warmer climates.[84] After decades of having Adidas producing the team's kits, China's current kit has been produced and manufactured by Nike since 2015.

Kit supplier Period Contract
announcement
Contract
duration
Value Notes
  Adidas 1991–2014
  Nike 2015–present
2015-01-03
2015–2026 (11 years) $16 million per year [85][86]

RivalriesEdit

JapanEdit

China's rivalry with Japan was exemplified after their 3–1 defeat in the 2004 AFC Asian Cup Final on home soil.[87] The subsequent rioting by Chinese fans at the Workers' Stadium was said to be provoked by controversial officiating during the tournament and the heightened anti-Japanese sentiment at the time.

South KoreaEdit

Another rivalry is with neighbour South Korea who China played 27 matches against between 1978 and 2010, without winning a single match. The media coined the term "Koreaphobia" to describe this phenomenon, but China finally registered its first win against South Korea on 10 February 2010, winning 3–0 during the 2010 East Asian Football Championship and eventually going on to win the tournament.

Hong KongEdit

A rivalry with Hong Kong has been created due to political tensions as well as issues during 2018 World Cup qualification. With Hong Kong fans booing the Chinese national anthem, which Hong Kong share with China, 2018 World Cup qualifier matches were also very tense with both matches resulting in 0–0 draws.

IndiaEdit

China and India have shared cultural and economic relations since the ancient period, but the rivalry between the two Asian sides is fairly recent. The intense bilateral relations from the Sino-Indian war and border disputes are the reasons for the rivalry.[88] China are the dominant side in this rivalry with seven wins and four draws. A friendly match played in October 2018, was popularized as the 'Earth Derby' by media since the two nations share one-third of the world's population.[89][90]

UzbekistanEdit

The rivalry with Uzbekistan is just a recent development, but also stemmed from previous results which saw China suffered shock defeats to the hand of Uzbekistan in several competitive football games. The two nations first met each other in the final for the 1994 Asian Games, where Uzbekistan, with a squad depleted due to the collapse of the Soviet Union, stunned China with a 4–2 win to claim gold in Uzbekistan's debut in any major football tournament; the game had been accused of match-fixing, though evidence have yet to emerge.[91] This was soon repeated again in the 1996 AFC Asian Cup, which was Uzbekistan's debut in a major competitive football tournament, which China suffered a blowing 0–2 defeat to the Uzbeks, with both goals scored in the dying times right in what would be Uzbekistan's first-ever Asian Cup fixture. Since then, Uzbekistan has frequently become a problematic opponent for China, with China often lost more than won in competitive games against the Uzbeks.[92]

Results and fixturesEdit

The following is a list of match results in the last 12 months, as well as any future matches that have been scheduled.

2021Edit

30 September 2021 (2021-09-30) Unofficial friendly China   1–1   Syria Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
19:00 UTC+4
  • Zhang Yuning   45+2'
Stadium: Sharjah Stadium
Attendance: 0 (Behind closed door)
7 October 2021 (2021-10-07) FIFA World Cup qualification R3 China   3–2   Vietnam Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
21:00 UTC+4
Report (FIFA) Stadium: Sharjah Stadium
Attendance: 0
Referee: Mohammed Abdulla Hassan Mohamed (United Arab Emirates)
12 October 2021 (2021-10-12) FIFA World Cup qualification R3 Saudi Arabia   3–2   China Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
20:00 UTC+3
Report (FIFA)
Stadium: King Abdullah Sports City
Attendance: 54,124
Referee: Ilgiz Tantashev (Uzbekistan)
11 November 2021 (2021-11-11) FIFA World Cup qualification R3 China   1–1   Oman Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
19:00 UTC+4
Report (FIFA)
Stadium: Sharjah Stadium
Attendance: 1,700
Referee: Sivakorn Pu-udom (Thailand)
16 November 2021 (2021-11-16) FIFA World Cup qualification R3 China   1–1   Australia Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
19:00 UTC+4
Report (FIFA)
Stadium: Sharjah Stadium
Attendance: 1,050
Referee: Adham Makhadmeh (Jordan)

2022Edit

27 January 2022 (2022-01-27) FIFA World Cup qualification R3 Japan   2–0   China Saitama, Japan
19:00 UTC+9 Osako   13' (pen.)
Ito   61'
Report (FIFA) Stadium: Saitama Stadium 2002
Attendance: 11,753
Referee: Abdulrahman Al-Jassim (Qatar)
1 February 2022 (2022-02-01) FIFA World Cup qualification R3 Vietnam   3–1   China Hanoi, Vietnam
19:00 UTC+7 Hồ Tấn Tài   9'
Nguyễn Tiến Linh   16'
Phan Văn Đức   76'
Report (FIFA)
Stadium: Mỹ Đình National Stadium
Attendance: 6,099
Referee: Nawaf Shukralla (Bahrain)
24 March 2022 (2022-03-24) FIFA World Cup qualification R3 China   1–1   Saudi Arabia Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
19:00 UTC+4
Report (FIFA)
Stadium: Sharjah Stadium
Attendance: 200
Referee: Mohammed Abdulla Hassan Mohamed (United Arab Emirates)
29 March 2022 (2022-03-29) FIFA World Cup qualification R3 Oman   2–0   China Muscat, Oman
20:00 UTC+4 Al-Alawi   12'
Fawaz   74'
Report (FIFA) Stadium: Sultan Qaboos Sports Complex
Attendance: 2,500
Referee: Ko Hyung-jin (South Korea)
20 July 2022 (2022-07-20) EAFF E-1 Football Championship China   0–3   South Korea Toyota, Japan
19:00 UTC+9 Report (EAFF)
Report (EAFF)
Stadium: Toyota Stadium
Attendance: 200
Referee: Akhrol Riskullaev (Uzbekistan)
24 July 2022 (2022-07-24) EAFF E-1 Football Championship Japan   0–0   China Toyota, Japan
19:20 UTC+9 Report (EAFF)
Report (EAFF)
Stadium: Toyota Stadium
Attendance: 10,526
Referee: Nivon Robesh Gamini (Sri Lanka)
27 July 2022 (2022-07-27) EAFF E-1 Football Championship China   1–0   Hong Kong Toyota, Japan
16:00 UTC+9
Report (EAFF)
Report (EAFF)
Stadium: Toyota Stadium
Referee: Mongkolchai Pechsri (Thailand)
15 November Friendly China   v   Belarus TBD, United Arab Emirates
Stadium: TBD
  • 1 : Non FIFA 'A' international match

Coaching staffEdit

Source[93]
Position Name
Technical Director   Li Jianxiao
Head coach   Aleksandar Janković
Team Manager   He Zhang
Assistant Coach   Narciso Pezzotti
Fitness Coach   Massimo Neri
Technical employee   Liu Zhiyu
  Tong Qiang
Team Doctor   Wang Shucheng
Therapists   Jin Ri
  Gao Jianguo
  Hang Yanrui
Manager   Kang Bing
  Huang Song
  Huang Weitao
Logistics   Guo Rui
  Chen Xi
Press Officer   Che Hengzhi
Doctor   Wang Shucheng
Administrator   Zhang He

Coaching historyEdit

1930–1948Edit

1951–presentEdit

As of 12 September 2022

PlayersEdit

Current squadEdit

The following players were called up for the 2022 EAFF E-1 Football Championship matches against South Korea, Japan and Hong Kong on 20, 24 and 27 July 2022 respectively.[95][96]

Caps and goals are correct as of 27 July 2022, after the match against Hong Kong.

No. Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club
1 1GK Han Jiaqi (1999-07-03) 3 July 1999 (age 23) 3 0   Guangzhou City
12 1GK Peng Peng (2000-11-24) 24 November 2000 (age 21) 0 0   Kunshan
22 1GK Huang Zihao (2001-06-09) 9 June 2001 (age 21) 0 0   Nanjing City

2 2DF Yeljan Shinar (1999-06-06) 6 June 1999 (age 23) 1 0   Shenzhen
3 2DF Wu Shaocong (2000-03-20) 20 March 2000 (age 22) 2 0   Guangzhou
4 2DF Jiang Shenglong (2000-12-24) 24 December 2000 (age 21) 2 0   Shanghai Shenhua
5 2DF Zhu Chenjie (2000-08-23) 23 August 2000 (age 22) 17 1   Shanghai Shenhua
6 2DF Jiang Guangtai (1994-05-27) 27 May 1994 (age 28) 14 0   Guangzhou
16 2DF Wen Jiabao (1999-01-02) 2 January 1999 (age 23) 3 0   Shanghai Shenhua
17 2DF Xu Haofeng (1999-01-27) 27 January 1999 (age 23) 3 0   Shenzhen
18 2DF He Yupeng (1999-12-05) 5 December 1999 (age 22) 3 0   Dalian Pro
23 2DF Liang Shaowen (2002-06-12) 12 June 2002 (age 20) 0 0   Beijing Guoan
24 2DF Su Shihao (1999-12-29) 29 December 1999 (age 22) 2 0   Qingdao Youth Island

7 3MF Tao Qianglong (2001-11-20) 20 November 2001 (age 20) 2 0   Wuhan Three Towns
8 3MF Dai Wai Tsun (1999-07-25) 25 July 1999 (age 23) 7 0   Shenzhen
9 3MF Liu Ruofan (1999-01-28) 28 January 1999 (age 23) 0 0   Shanghai Shenhua
13 3MF Xu Yue (1999-11-10) 10 November 1999 (age 22) 3 0   Shenzhen
14 3MF Chen Guokang (1999-01-23) 23 January 1999 (age 23) 3 0   Meizhou Hakka
15 3MF Dilyimit Tudi (1999-02-25) 25 February 1999 (age 23) 2 0   Changchun Yatai
19 3MF Huang Jiahui (2000-10-07) 7 October 2000 (age 21) 2 0   Dalian Pro
21 3MF Yao Xuchen (1999-09-11) 11 September 1999 (age 23) 0 0   Hebei

10 4FW Liu Zhurun (2001-10-06) 6 October 2001 (age 20) 2 0   Shanghai Port
11 4FW Tan Long (1988-04-01) 1 April 1988 (age 34) 10 2   Changchun Yatai
20 4FW Fang Hao (2000-01-03) 3 January 2000 (age 22) 3 0   Shandong Taishan

Recent call-upsEdit

The following players have also been called up to the squad within the last twelve months.

Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club Latest call-up
GK Yan Junling (1991-01-28) 28 January 1991 (age 31) 43 0   Shanghai Port v.   Oman, 29 March 2022
GK Wang Dalei (1989-01-10) 10 January 1989 (age 33) 27 0   Shandong Taishan v.   Oman, 29 March 2022
GK Liu Dianzuo (1990-06-26) 26 June 1990 (age 32) 3 0   Guangzhou v.   Oman, 29 March 2022
GK Hou Sen (1989-06-30) 30 June 1989 (age 33) 0 0   Beijing Guoan Shanghai Training Camp, January 2022
GK Wang Zhifeng (1997-02-01) 1 February 1997 (age 25) 0 0   Wuhan Shanghai Training Camp, January 2022
GK Dong Chunyu (1991-03-25) 25 March 1991 (age 31) 0 0   Wuhan v.   Australia, 16 November 2021

DF Niu Ziyi (1999-09-21) 21 September 1999 (age 23) 0 0   Henan Songshan Longmen v.   South Korea, 20 July 2022 INJ
DF Zhang Linpeng (1989-05-09) 9 May 1989 (age 33) 92 5   Guangzhou v.   Oman, 29 March 2022
DF Yu Dabao (1988-04-17) 17 April 1988 (age 34) 65 19   Beijing Guoan v.   Oman, 29 March 2022
DF Zheng Zheng (1989-07-11) 11 July 1989 (age 33) 23 2   Shandong Taishan v.   Oman, 29 March 2022
DF Wang Shenchao (1989-02-08) 8 February 1989 (age 33) 19 0   Shanghai Port v.   Oman, 29 March 2022
DF Liu Yang (1995-06-17) 17 June 1995 (age 27) 14 0   Shandong Taishan v.   Oman, 29 March 2022
DF Gao Zhunyi (1995-08-21) 21 August 1995 (age 27) 11 0   Guangzhou v.   Oman, 29 March 2022
DF Tong Lei (1997-12-16) 16 December 1997 (age 24) 0 0   Dalian Pro v.   Oman, 29 March 2022
DF Li Lei (1992-05-30) 30 May 1992 (age 30) 5 0   Grasshopper v.   Saudi Arabia, 24 March 2022 INJ
DF Deng Hanwen (1995-01-08) 8 January 1995 (age 27) 12 2   Guangzhou Haikou Training Camp, March 2022
DF Shi Ke (1993-01-08) 8 January 1993 (age 29) 9 0   Shandong Taishan Shanghai Training Camp, January 2022
DF Li Ang (1993-09-15) 15 September 1993 (age 29) 8 0   Shanghai Port Shanghai Training Camp, January 2022
DF He Guan (1993-01-25) 25 January 1993 (age 29) 6 0   Shanghai Port Shanghai Training Camp, January 2022
DF Wang Tong (1993-02-12) 12 February 1993 (age 29) 3 0   Shandong Taishan Shanghai Training Camp, January 2022
DF Li Shuai (1995-06-18) 18 June 1995 (age 27) 1 0   Dalian Pro Shanghai Training Camp, January 2022
DF Wei Zhen (1997-02-12) 12 February 1997 (age 25) 0 0   Shanghai Port Shanghai Training Camp, January 2022
DF Zhao Honglüe (1989-12-04) 4 December 1989 (age 32) 0 0   Wuhan Shanghai Training Camp, January 2022
DF Wang Gang (1989-02-17) 17 February 1989 (age 33) 12 0   Beijing Guoan v.   Australia, 16 November 2021

MF Hao Junmin (1987-03-24) 24 March 1987 (age 35) 90 12   Wuhan v.   Oman, 29 March 2022
MF Wu Xi (1989-02-19) 19 February 1989 (age 33) 80 9   Shanghai Shenhua v.   Oman, 29 March 2022
MF Zhang Xizhe (1991-01-23) 23 January 1991 (age 31) 37 7   Beijing Guoan v.   Oman, 29 March 2022
MF Jin Jingdao (1992-01-18) 18 January 1992 (age 30) 18 1   Shandong Taishan v.   Oman, 29 March 2022
MF Ji Xiang (1990-03-01) 1 March 1990 (age 32) 11 1   Shandong Taishan v.   Oman, 29 March 2022
MF Liu Binbin (1993-06-16) 16 June 1993 (age 29) 11 1   Shandong Taishan v.   Oman, 29 March 2022
MF Xu Xin (1994-04-19) 19 April 1994 (age 28) 6 1   Shandong Taishan v.   Oman, 29 March 2022
MF Liao Lisheng (1993-04-29) 29 April 1993 (age 29) 6 0   Guangzhou v.   Oman, 29 March 2022
MF Gao Tianyi (1998-07-01) 1 July 1998 (age 24) 1 0   Beijing Guoan v.   Oman, 29 March 2022
MF Chi Zhongguo (1989-10-26) 26 October 1989 (age 32) 21 0   Beijing Guoan Haikou Training Camp, March 2022
MF Duan Liuyu (1998-07-24) 24 July 1998 (age 24) 0 0   Shandong Taishan Haikou Training Camp, March 2022
MF Yan Dinghao (1998-04-06) 6 April 1998 (age 24) 0 0   Guangzhou Haikou Training Camp, March 2022
MF Yin Hongbo (1989-10-30) 30 October 1989 (age 32) 14 1   Hebei Shanghai Training Camp, January 2022
MF Xie Pengfei (1993-06-29) 29 June 1993 (age 29) 5 0   Cangzhou Mighty Lions Shanghai Training Camp, January 2022
MF Peng Xinli (1991-07-22) 22 July 1991 (age 31) 2 0   Shanghai Shenhua Shanghai Training Camp, January 2022
MF Wang Shangyuan (1993-06-02) 2 June 1993 (age 29) 2 0   Henan Songshan Longmen Shanghai Training Camp, January 2022
MF Wang Qiuming (1993-01-09) 9 January 1993 (age 29) 0 0   Hebei v.   Australia, 16 November 2021
MF Wu Xinghan (1993-02-24) 24 February 1993 (age 29) 6 1   Shandong Taishan v.   Australia, 16 November 2021

FW Zhang Yuning (1997-01-05) 5 January 1997 (age 25) 22 5   Beijing Guoan v.   Oman, 29 March 2022
FW Wei Shihao (1995-04-08) 8 April 1995 (age 27) 19 2   Guangzhou Haikou Training Camp, March 2022
FW Yang Liyu (1997-02-13) 13 February 1997 (age 25) 5 0   Guangzhou Haikou Training Camp, March 2022
FW Ba Dun (1995-09-16) 16 September 1995 (age 27) 1 0   Tianjin Jinmen Tiger Haikou Training Camp, March 2022
FW Wu Lei (1991-11-19) 19 November 1991 (age 30) 79 27   Shanghai Port v.   Vietnam, 1 February 2022
FW Wang Ziming (1996-08-05) 5 August 1996 (age 26) 2 0   Beijing Guoan Shanghai Training Camp, January 2022
FW Guo Tianyu (1999-03-05) 5 March 1999 (age 23) 0 0   Shandong Taishan Shanghai Training Camp, January 2022
FW Li Shenglong (1992-07-30) 30 July 1992 (age 30) 0 0   Shanghai Port Shanghai Training Camp, January 2022

INJ Withdrew due to injury
PRE Preliminary squad
RET Retired from the national team
SUS Serving suspension

Individual recordsEdit

As of 29 March 2022.[97]
Players in bold are still active with China.

Manager recordsEdit

Most manager appearances
  Gao Fengwen: 56

Team recordsEdit

Biggest victory
19–0 vs. Guam, 26 January 2000

Competitive recordEdit

FIFA World CupEdit

China has only appeared at one World Cup with the appearance being in the 2002 FIFA World Cup where they finished bottom of the group which included a 4–0 loss to Brazil.[98]

Qualification record
Year Round Position Pld W D* L GF GA Pld W D L GF GA
  1930 Did not enter Declined participation
  1934
  1938
  1950
  1954
  1958 Did not qualify 3 1 1 1 4 5
  1962 Did not enter Declined participation
  1966
  1970
  1974
  1978
  1982 Did not qualify 12 7 2 3 19 8
  1986 6 4 1 1 23 2
  1990 11 7 0 4 18 9
  1994 8 6 0 2 18 4
  1998 14 8 3 3 24 16
    2002 Group stage 31st 3 0 0 3 0 9 14 12 1 1 38 5
  2006 Did not qualify 6 5 0 1 14 1
  2010 8 3 3 2 14 4
  2014 8 5 0 3 23 9
  2018 18 8 5 5 35 11
  2022 18 7 4 7 39 22
      2026 To be determined To be determined
Total Group stage 1/22 3 0 0 3 0 9 126 73 20 33 269 96

AFC Asian CupEdit

Qualification record
Year Round Position Pld W D L GF GA Pld W D L GF GA
  1956 Did not enter Did not enter
  1960 Did not enter Did not enter
  1964 Did not enter Did not enter
  1968 Did not enter Did not enter
  1972 Did not enter Did not enter
  1976 Third place 3rd 4 1 1 2 2 4 5 4 0 1 14 4
  1980 Group stage 7th 4 1 1 2 9 5 3 2 0 1 5 2
  1984 Runners-up 2nd 6 4 0 2 11 4 4 4 0 0 15 0
  1988 Fourth place 4th 6 2 2 2 7 5 5 2 3 0 10 1
  1992 Third place 3rd 5 1 3 1 6 6 3 3 0 0 7 0
  1996 Quarter-finals 8th 4 1 0 3 6 7 3 3 0 0 16 1
  2000 Fourth place 4th 6 2 2 2 11 7 3 3 0 0 29 0
  2004 Runners-up 2nd 6 3 2 1 13 6 Qualified as hosts
        2007 Group stage 9th 3 1 1 1 7 6 6 3 2 1 7 3
  2011 9th 3 1 1 1 4 4 6 4 1 1 13 5
  2015 Quarter-finals 7th 4 3 0 1 5 4 6 2 2 2 5 6
  2019 6th 5 3 0 2 7 7 8 5 2 1 27 1
2023 Qualified as hosts 8* 6 1 1 30 3
Total 13/18 0 Titles 55 23 13 20 88 65 58 39 11 8 166 26


* automatic qualification as hosts; but compete in qualification process because of 2022 FIFA World Cup qualification.

Summer OlympicsEdit

Year Result Pos Pld W D L GF GA
  1900 to   1928 Did not enter
  1936 First round 12 1 0 0 1 0 2
  1948 14 1 0 0 1 0 4
  1952 to   1956 Withdrew after qualifying
  1960 to   1976 Not an IOC member
  1980 to   1984 Did not qualify
  1988 First round 14 3 0 1 2 0 5
Total 3/25 - 5 0 1 4 0 11

For 1992 to 2016, see China national under-23 football team

Asian GamesEdit

Year Result Rank Pld W D L GF GA
  1951 Did not enter
  1954 Did not enter
  1958 Did not enter
  1962 Did not enter
  1966 Did not enter
  1970 Did not enter
  1974 First round 10 3 1 0 2 7 4
  1978 Third place 3 7 5 0 2 16 5
  1982 Quarter-finals 7 4 2 1 1 4 3
  1986 8 4 2 1 1 10 7
  1990 6 4 2 0 2 8 4
  1994 Runners-up 2 7 5 1 1 16 8
  1998 Third place 3 8 6 0 2 24 7
Total* 7/13 - 37 23 3 11 85 38

* Including 1998 onwards (until 2010)

For 2002 to 2018, see China national under-23 football team

EAFF East Asian CupEdit

Year Result Pld W D* L GF GA
  2003 Third place 3 1 0 2 3 4
  2005 Champions 3 1 2 0 5 3
  2008 Third place 3 1 0 2 5 5
  2010 Champions 3 2 1 0 5 0
  2013 Runners-up 3 1 2 0 7 6
  2015 Runners-up 3 1 1 1 3 3
  2017 Third place 3 0 2 1 4 5
  2019 Third place 3 1 0 2 3 3
  2022 Third place 3 1 1 1 1 3
Total 9/9 27 9 9 9 36 32

Head-to-head recordEdit

As of 27 July 2022 after match against   Hong Kong

  Positive Record   Neutral Record   Negative Record

1913–1923Edit

All matches before the founding of Chinese Football Association in 1924 are not counted as A-level match by FIFA:

HonoursEdit

ContinentalEdit

RegionalEdit

Minor tournamentsEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Includes North Vietnam and South Vietnam before 1975.

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External linksEdit