Qatar Football Association

The Qatar Football Association (Arabic: الاتحاد القطري لكرة القدم, romanizedal-Ittiḥād al-Qaṭariyy li-Kurat al-Qadam) is the governing body of football in Qatar.

Qatar Football Association
AFC
Qatar Football Association logo.svg
Founded1960
HeadquartersDoha
FIFA affiliation1963
AFC affiliation1967[1]
PresidentSheikh Hamad Bin Khalifa Bin Ahmed Al-Thani
Websitewww.qfa.qa

PresidentEdit

Sheikh Hamad Bin Khalifa Bin Ahmed Al-Thani is currently the president of the Association.[2]

HistoryEdit

The advent of football at Qatar dates back to the year of 1948, accompanied by the arrival of oil companies.[3] The new game's popularity expanded immediately, which led to the establishment of Al Najah as the country's first football club in 1950.[4] Interest in football developed rapidly in the 1950s. Under the supervision of Qatar Oil Company (today QatarEnergy), the first football tournament ever in Qatar was held at the city of Dukhan. Despite the participation of several Doha teams – including Al Najah – host team Dukhan managed to win the 1951 Izzadeen tournament.[5] Qatar Oil Company replaced the old competition with a new one, Pukett Cup kicked off during the 1957 season, Al Najah went on to win the cup for the first time in their history.[5] The Qatar Football Association (QFA) was founded in 1960 to govern football in Qatar and became a member of FIFA in 1963. In 1967, it became a member of the Asian Football Confederation (AFC).[1][6] The Association organized the first Qatar League in 1972–73.[7]

Whether locally or regionally, rules and regulations were not very restrictive about players moving from one club to another, just a resignation letter and 10 Indian rupees were required of the player who wished to move. This undemanding system was in effect until the year 1962. The first venue with a grass pitch in the Gulf region was the Doha Stadium, which was inaugurated in 1962.[8] Qatar built the Khalifa International Stadium in the 1970s to serve as the country's iconic sports stadium. From 2003 to 2017, the stadium was refurbished and expanded. The Emir Cup final was held there in 2017. In 2022 it will host World Cup matches.[9]

In 1981, Qatar's national youth team took part in the FIFA Junior World Cup in Australia, surprisingly beating Brazil 4–3 in the quarterfinals and England 2–1 in the semifinals. The final was lost 0–4 against West Germany.[10]

Qatar's football team participated in the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles.[11]

In 1988 and 2011, Qatar hosted the AFC Asian Cup, which is the biggest football event on the continent.[12][13]

Qatar hosted the Gulf Cup tournament in 1976, 1992 and 2004, winning the biggest tournament for national teams in the region in 1992 and 2004. In 2014, Qatar lifted the trophy for the third time after beating host Saudi Arabia in the final.[14]

From 13–28 April 1995, the 10th FIFA World Youth Championship was held in Doha, which was won by Argentina.[15]

In 2019 and 2020, Qatar hosted the FIFA Club World Cup.[16]

From 30 November to 18 December 2021, Qatar hosted the 2021 FIFA Arab Cup. Sixteen Arab teams competed in stadiums of the 2022 FIFA World Cup.[17][18]

Qatar is hosting the 2022 FIFA World Cup. The tournament is being held from 20 November to 18 December 2022.[19][20]

The 2023 AFC Asian Cup will be held in Qatar.[21][22]

LeaguesEdit

Qatar Stars League (Also known as QNB Stars League)Edit

  • The QSL is the highest football league in Qatar and consists of 12 teams.

Qatar Second Division (Also known as Qatargas League)Edit

  • The QSD is the second highest football league in Qatar and consists of 8 teams.

Qatar Amateur LeagueEdit

  • The QAL was established in 2013 to provide amateur teams with the opportunity to compete against each other in an official competition. The number of participating team varies every year.[23]

University LeagueEdit

  • The University League is a knockout tournament which was established in 2013 by the Supreme Committee of Delivery and Legacy. This gives university and college students the opportunity to develop their football skills.[24]

School LeagueEdit

  • The School League is a knockout tournament which was also established in 2013, with the aim to promote young people's interest in sports.[25]

Asian Communities Football TournamentEdit

  • The league was established in 2012 to promote integration and involve the local community. It is played in a knockout system.[26]

Qatar Community Football LeagueEdit

  • The community league organized by QSL, with four adult divisions, two leagues for boys and two leagues for girls, was established by the supreme committee in 2016.[27]

Qatar Futsal LeagueEdit

Domestic competitionsEdit

CupsEdit

  • Emir of Qatar Cup - The Emir Cup was founded in 1972 and is the biggest Tournament in Qatar.[28]
  • Sheikh Jassim Cup - The Sheikh Jassim Cup was founded in 1977 and takes place every year at the beginning of the season.[29]
  • Qatar Cup - The Qatar Cup was founded in 1994 and is played by the top four QSL teams at the end of each season.[30]
  • Qatari Stars Cup - The Ooredoo Cup was founded in 2009. The premier league teams play in a knockout competition. Teams are divided into two groups and are allowed to field both U19 and U23 players.[31]
  • Qatar FA Cup - The tournament was announced right after the 2020-21 Qatar Stars League ended, were the bottom 8 teams from the Qatar Stars League and the entire Qatari Second Division participate.[32]

Defunct competitionsEdit

Reserve League (Qatar)

National teamsEdit

 
Qatar national team during the 2019 AFC Asian Cup.

Training camps and academyEdit

Aspire Zone - The Aspire Zone in Doha, Qatar, is a popular training camp for European football clubs, where teams such as Bayern Munich, PSV Eindhoven, FC Red Bull Salzburg, AFC Ajax and FC Zenit prepare for the upcoming matches in their leagues.[33]

Aspire Academy - Located in the Aspire Zone, the sports academy was founded in 2004 and supports Qatari athletes.[34]

Training grounds for the 2022 FIFA World Cup - As 41 training grounds are created, each national team will have its own facility with FIFA-standard lightning systems and two natural grass pitches identical to the grass pitches at each of the eight World Cup stadiums.[35]

FormationEdit

As of 6 November 2022[36][37]
Position Name
President   Sheikh Hamad Bin Khalifa Bin Ahmed Al-Thani
Vice President   Saoud Al-Mohannadi
General Secretary   Mansoor Al Ansari
Treasurer   Ahmed Al-Buainain
Technical Director   Fahad Al Zarraa
Team Coach (Men's)   Félix Sánchez
Team Coach (Women's)   Fedha Al-Abdullah
Media/Communications Manager   Ali Al Salat
Futsal Coordinator   Hamad Al Mannai
Referee Coordinator   Hany Taleb Al Raeesi

ControversiesEdit

The Qatari national team was known to field naturalized players from foreign nations.[38][39] Examples include Sebastián Soria and Luiz Martin Carlos Júnior. In 2004, the Qatar FA offered incentives to the uncapped Brazilian trio of Aílton, Dedé and Leandro to switch allegiance to the Gulf state. FIFA intervened and blocked the moves, tightening international eligibility requirements in the process.[40][41]

Mohammed bin Hammam, Chairman of the Qatar Football Association from February 1992 to 1996, has also been involved in a string of controversies. On 23 July 2011, the FIFA Ethics Committee banned Bin Hammam for life from all FIFA and football related activities after being found guilty of bribery.[42] Although the ban was annulled a year later, Bin Hamman was given a second ban in December 2012 for “conflicts of interest” that arose while he was president of the Asian Football Confederation.[43][44]

In December 2014, the Qatar Football Association was criticized for hiring migrant workers to fill their empty stadiums in the Qatar Stars League, paying them one dollar an hour.[45] The spread of paid fans was cited as a “significant reason” for low attendance rates among Qatari residents. According to a recent survey, only one third of the 1,079 Qatar residents surveyed had attended a football match during the previous season.[46] The results of the survey, published by Qatar's Ministry of Development Planning and Statistics cast doubts on claims that everything in Qatar “revolves around sport.”[47]

On 6 September 2016, FIFA Ethics Committee's adjudicatory chamber opened proceedings against Qatar Football Association's Vice-president Saoud Al-Mohannadi.[48] Al-Mohannadi was banned from running in elections for a seat in the FIFA Council later that month.[49] On 16 November 2016, FIFA Ethics Committee banned Al Mohannadi for one year and fined him 20,000 Swiss Francs because he "did not co-operate with the investigatory chamber in the proceedings against a third party".[50]

International titlesEdit

 
Qatar national team celebrating winning the 2019 AFC Asian Cup.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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  2. ^ "Board of Directors". Qatar Football Association. Retrieved 2020-10-08.
  3. ^ "Football". Archived from the original on 2015-02-06. Retrieved 2021-09-24.
  4. ^ "The Beginning". 2020-11-05. Retrieved 2021-06-11.
  5. ^ a b "Qatar - List of Cup Winners". 2020-12-23. Retrieved 2021-06-11.
  6. ^ "Football History in Qatar". Retrieved 2021-06-17.
  7. ^ "Qatar Stars League History, Structure and Total Teams". 2019-09-17. Retrieved 2021-07-08.
  8. ^ "2022 FIFA World Cup host Qatar a rising football power". 2020-08-05. Retrieved 2022-03-06.
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  10. ^ "FIFA World Youth Championship for the Coca-Cola Cup" (PDF). Retrieved 2021-06-19.
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  12. ^ "Asian Cup 1988 Qatar". Retrieved 2021-06-22.
  13. ^ "Qatar awarded 2011 Asian Cup hosting rights". 2007-07-28. Retrieved 2021-06-22.
  14. ^ "Saudi Team". Retrieved 2021-06-24.
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  18. ^ "Qatar prepares for Arab Cup". 2021-11-14. Retrieved 2021-11-19.
  19. ^ "FIFA World Cup 2022 facts". 2022-10-12. Retrieved 2022-10-16.
  20. ^ "Qatar will host a World Cup but not as we know it". 2022-04-04. Retrieved 2022-10-16.
  21. ^ "Qatar to host 2023 Aisan Cup – Asian Football Confederation". 2022-10-17. Retrieved 2022-10-17.
  22. ^ "Qatar To Host 2023 Asian Cup Football: AFC". 2022-10-17. Retrieved 2022-10-17.
  23. ^ "Qatar Amateur League". Retrieved 2021-08-03.
  24. ^ "University League". Retrieved 2021-08-06.
  25. ^ "School League". Retrieved 2021-08-10.
  26. ^ "Asian Communities Football Tournament kicks off today". 2016-03-02. Retrieved 2021-08-12.
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  36. ^ "Qatar Football Association". Retrieved 2022-11-06.
  37. ^ "Qatar's female football starlets eager to emerge from the shadows". 2022-09-23. Retrieved 2022-11-06.
  38. ^ "The Best Eleven: Qatar National Team - Naturalized Players". thebesteleven.com. Retrieved 29 May 2015.
  39. ^ Graham Ruthven. "Naturalization undermines international soccer". SportsonEarth.com. Retrieved 29 May 2015.
  40. ^ "Fifa rules on eligibility". BBC Sport. 18 March 2004. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  41. ^ "Players seeking naturalisation with no clear connection to country ineligible to represent national teams". FIFA. 17 March 2004. Archived from the original on October 24, 2020. Retrieved 21 September 2020.
  42. ^ "Bin Hammam handed lifetime ban from football". 2011-07-23. Retrieved 2016-08-03.
  43. ^ "Mohamed Bin Hammam wins appeal against Fifa ban". Retrieved 2016-08-03.
  44. ^ "Fifa ban Mohammed Bin Hammam for life after he quits football". BBC. Retrieved 2016-08-03.
  45. ^ "Qatar hires migrant workers as 'fake sports fans' to fill up empty arenas". 2014-12-17. Retrieved 2021-06-11.
  46. ^ "In Qatar, migrant workers paid to be sports 'fans'". USA Today. Retrieved 2016-08-03.
  47. ^ "Migrant workers in Qatar are being paid to be pretend sports 'fans'". Washington Post. Retrieved 2022-11-03.
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  49. ^ "FIFA bans Qatari official Al-Mohannadi from Asian vote". The Times of India. 2016-09-26. Retrieved 2016-10-21.
  50. ^ "FIFA ethics judges impose 1-year ban on Qatari election candidate". CBC Sports. 2016-11-16. Retrieved 2016-11-19.

External linksEdit