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North Korea national football team

The North Korea national football team (Korean: 조선민주주의인민공화국 축구 국가대표팀, recognized as Korea DPR by FIFA)[6] represents the Democratic People's Republic of Korea in international association football and is controlled by the DPR Korea Football Association, the governing body for football in North Korea.

Korea DPR
Shirt badge/Association crest
Nickname(s)Chollima[1]
AssociationDPR Korea Football Association
ConfederationAFC (Asia)
Sub-confederationEAFF (East Asia)
Head coachYun Jong-su
CaptainJong Il-gwan
Most capsRi Myong-guk (118)
Top scorerJong Il-gwan (26)
Home stadiumKim Il-sung Stadium
FIFA codePRK
First colours
Second colours
FIFA ranking
Current 115 Decrease 2 (24 October 2019)[2]
Highest57 (November 1993)
Lowest181 (October – November 1998)
Elo ranking
Current 104 Decrease 11 (18 October 2019)[3]
Highest10 (January 1970 [4])
Lowest131 (June 2019[4])
First international
North Korea North Korea 1–0 China PR 
(Beijing, China; 7 October 1956)[5]
Biggest win
North Korea North Korea 21–0 Guam 
(Taipei, Taiwan; 11 March 2005)
Biggest defeat
 Portugal 7–0 North Korea North Korea
(Cape Town, South Africa; 21 June 2010)
World Cup
Appearances2 (first in 1966)
Best resultQuarter-finals, 1966
Asian Cup
Appearances5 (first in 1980)
Best resultFourth place, 1980
North Korea national football team
Chosŏn'gŭl
Hancha
Revised RomanizationJoseon Minjujuui Inmin Gonghwaguk Chukgu Gukga Daepyo Tim
McCune–ReischauerChosŏn Minjujuǔi Mingonghwaguk Ch'ukgu Kukka Taep'yo T'im
Munhwaŏ
Chosŏn'gŭl
Hancha
Revised RomanizationJoseon Minjujuui Inmin Gonghwaguk Gukga Jonghap Tim
McCune–ReischauerChosŏn Minjujuǔi Inmin Konghwaguk Kukka Chonghap T'im

North Korea surprised with a good showing at their World Cup debut, reaching the quarter-finals in 1966, beating Italy in the group stage, being the first Asian team in history to make it past the group stage. During the 2006 World Cup Qualifiers, controversy arose when the team's supporters rioted, interfering with the opponents' safe egress from the stadium, because of North Korea's failure to qualify. In 2009, the team qualified for the 2010 FIFA World Cup, the second World Cup appearance in their history. North Korea has qualified for the AFC Asian Cup five times; in 1980, when they finished fourth, in 1992, 2011, in 2015, and in 2019. The current team is composed of both native North Koreans and Chongryon-affiliated Koreans born in Japan.

HistoryEdit

1966 World CupEdit

QualificationEdit

Pos
Team
Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
1   North Korea 2 2 0 0 9 2 7 4
2   Australia 2 0 0 2 2 9 −7 0
  South Africa banned
  South Korea withdrew

1976 Olympic football tournamentEdit

The North Korea football team finished second in their group in the 1976 Summer Olympics, but lost 5–0 to Poland in the quarter-finals.[9]

2006 World Cup qualifying stage controversyEdit

In March 2005, the North Korean team was playing Iran in Pyongyang when North Korean fans became enraged when the referee failed to award North Korea a penalty kick after a controversial incident near the end of the match. Demanding a penalty, the North Korean footballers rushed Syrian referee Mohamed Kousa, who instead gave a North Korean player a red card. Bottles, stones and chairs were thrown onto the field following the play. After the match was over, North Korean fans refused to let the Iranian team leave the stadium on their team bus. The violence was so severe that riot police forced back the crowd.[10] Following this incident, North Korea lost its right to host the subsequent home match with Japan and the game was instead played behind closed doors in Bangkok, Thailand.[11]

2010 World CupEdit

QualificationEdit

The North Korea football team qualified for the 2010 FIFA World Cup after finishing 2nd place in Group B of Asian qualifying.[12] Their finishing place was not decided until the day of the last fixture of the group, in which they needed not only to avoid defeat in a match against Saudi Arabia, but also relied on Iran losing to South Korea. After the Koreans scored the same number of points as Saudi Arabia, North Korea qualified through goal difference.[13][14] With a final pre-tournament FIFA ranking of 105th in the world, North Korea was the lowest-ranked team to qualify for the World Cup since the rankings began in 1993.

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
  South Korea (Q) 8 4 4 0 12 4 +8 16
  North Korea (Q) 8 3 3 2 7 5 +2 12
  Saudi Arabia (A) 8 3 3 2 8 8 0 12
  Iran 8 2 5 1 8 7 +1 11
  United Arab Emirates 8 0 1 7 6 17 −11 1
Source:[citation needed]
(Q) South Korea and North Korea qualified for the 2010 FIFA World Cup.; (A) Saudi Arabia advanced to the AFC play-off..

FinalsEdit

The North Korean and Brazilian teams in 2010
North Korea playing against Brazil in the 2010 World Cup

2010 was North Korea's first appearance at the World Cup since 1966.[15] The draw placed North Korea in Group G. They played their first match against five-time winners Brazil on 15 June. Despite their best efforts, they were nevertheless outmatched and lost 1-2. In their next game against Portugal on 21 June, they were defeated 0–7. Despite starting well (as against Brazil), their defensive and well organised approach unravelled after Portugal scored on them. The Koreans lost their final match against Ivory Coast 0–3 on 25 June. Having lost all three group matches, they were knocked out, finishing at the bottom of Group G. It was reported that the small contingency of apparent North Korean football fans were actually Chinese people who bought tickets reserved for North Korean government officials.[16] North Korea subsequently denied the report, and claimed instead that the Chinese were small in number, and that the regime had permitted their travel. There were also reports that the North Korean government punished the coach and players for losing the matches by sending them on a hard labour in mines. However, FIFA's investigators could not confirm that.[17]

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1   Brazil 3 2 1 0 5 2 +3 7 Advance to knockout stage
2   Portugal 3 1 2 0 7 0 +7 5
3   Ivory Coast 3 1 1 1 4 3 +1 4
4   North Korea 3 0 0 3 1 12 −11 0
Source: FIFA
Rules for classification: Tie-breaking criteria
Brazil  2–1  North Korea
Maicon   55'
Elano   72'
Report Ji Yun-Nam   89'

Portugal  7–0  North Korea
Meireles   29'
Simão   53'
Almeida   56'
Tiago   60'89'
Liédson   81'
Ronaldo   87'
Report
Attendance: 63,644
Referee: Pablo Pozo (Chile)



North Korea  0–3  Ivory Coast
Report Y. Touré   14'
Romaric   20'
Kalou   82'

Recent results and fixturesEdit

Competitive recordEdit

Asian GamesEdit

Football at the Asian Games has been an under-23 tournament since 2002.
Asian Games record
Year Result GP W D* L GS GA
  1951 Did not enter
  1954
  1958
  1962
  1966
  1970
  1974 Fourth place 7 3 1 3 11 8
  1978 Champions 6 4 2 0 12 3
  1982 Fourth place 6 2 2 2 9 8
  1986 Did not enter
  1990 Runners-up 5 1 3 1 2 2
  1994 Did not enter
  1998 13th place 4 1 2 1 6 8
2002–present See North Korea national under-23 football team
Total 5/13 28 11 10 7 40 29

AFC Challenge Cup recordEdit

AFC Challenge Cup Finals
Year Result Pld W D* L GF GA
  2006 Did not enter
  2008 Third place 5 4 0 1 9 1
  2010 Champions 5 3 2 0 14 2
  2012 Champions 5 5 0 0 12 1
  2014 Did not enter
Total Best: Champions 15 12 2 1 35 4

East Asian CupEdit

EAFF East Asian Cup record Preliminary round
Year Result Position GP W D L GF GA GP W D L GF GA
  2003 Withdrew
  2005 Third place 3rd 3 1 1 1 1 2 4 4 0 0 31 0
  2008 Fourth place 4th 3 0 2 1 3 5 2 2 0 0 14 1
  2010 Did not qualify 3 2 1 0 11 3
  2013 4 3 1 0 16 2
  2015 Third place 3rd 3 1 1 1 2 3 3 2 1 0 7 2
  2017 Fourth place 4th 3 2 1 0 7 3 3 3 0 0 5 0
  2019 Did not qualify 3 2 1 0 6 1
Total Best: Third place 4/8 12 4 5 3 13 13 22 18 4 0 90 9

Dynasty CupEdit

Dynasty Cup record
Year Result Position GP W D L GF GA
  1990 Third place 3rd 3 0 1 2 1 3
  1992 Third place 3rd 3 0 2 1 4 7
  1995 Did not enter
  1998
Total Best: Third place 2/4 6 0 3 3 5 10

Nehru CupEdit

Coaching staffEdit

Position Name Nationality
Head coach Yun Jong-su   North Korean
Assistant coach Kim Yong-jun   North Korean
Goalkeeper coach Baek Nam-chol   North Korean
Technical director Kim Jong-yong   North Korean

PlayersEdit

Current squadEdit

The following players were selected for the 2019 AFC Asian Cup

No. Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club
1 1GK Ri Myong-guk (captain) (1986-09-09)9 September 1986 (aged 32) 105 0   Pyongyang City
2 2DF Kim Chol-bom (1994-07-16)16 July 1994 (aged 24) 8 0   April 25
3 2DF Jang Kuk-chol (1994-02-16)16 February 1994 (aged 24) 39 5   Hwaebul
4 2DF Kim Song-gi (1988-10-23)23 October 1988 (aged 30) 6 0   Fujieda MYFC
5 2DF An Song-il (1992-11-30)30 November 1992 (aged 26) 5 0   April 25
6 2DF Ri Thong-il (1992-11-20)20 November 1992 (aged 26) 1 0   Kigwancha
7 4FW Han Kwang-song (1998-09-11)11 September 1998 (aged 20) 2 0   Juventus U23
8 4FW Ri Hyok-chol (1991-01-27)27 January 1991 (aged 27) 19 8   Rimyongsu
9 3MF Kim Yong-il (1994-07-06)6 July 1994 (aged 24) 10 1   Kigwancha
10 4FW Pak Kwang-ryong (1992-09-27)27 September 1992 (aged 26) 34 13   St. Pölten
11 4FW Jong Il-gwan (1992-10-30)30 October 1992 (aged 26) 63 21 Unattached
12 3MF Kim Kyong-hun (1990-08-11)11 August 1990 (aged 28) 2 0   Kyonggongop
13 2DF Sim Hyon-jin (1991-01-01)1 January 1991 (aged 28) 30 5   April 25
14 3MF Kang Kuk-chol (1999-09-29)29 September 1999 (aged 19) 8 0   Rimyongsu
15 3MF Ri Un-chol (1995-07-13)13 July 1995 (aged 23) 12 0   Sonbong
16 3MF Ri Yong-jik (1991-02-08)8 February 1991 (aged 27) 14 3   Tokyo Verdy
17 2DF Ri Chang-ho (1990-01-04)4 January 1990 (aged 29) 5 0   Hwaebul
18 1GK Sin Hyok (1992-07-03)3 July 1992 (aged 26) 1 0   Kigwancha
19 4FW Rim Kwang-hyok (1992-08-05)5 August 1992 (aged 26) 6 3   Kigwancha
20 3MF Choe Song-hyok (1998-02-08)8 February 1998 (aged 20) 0 0   Arezzo
21 1GK Kang Ju-hyok (1997-05-31)31 May 1997 (aged 21) 1 0   Hwaebul
22 3MF Ri Kum-chol (1991-12-09)9 December 1991 (aged 27) 6 0   Wolmido
23 2DF Ri Il-jin (1993-08-20)20 August 1993 (aged 25) 5 0   Sobaeksu

Recent call-upsEdit

The following players have also been called up to the North Korea squad within the last twelve months.[citation needed]

No. Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club
1GK Ri Kwang-il (1988-04-13)13 April 1988 (aged 29) 6 0   Sobaeksu

2DF Pak Myong-song (1994-03-31)31 March 1994 (aged 23) 18 0   April 25
2DF Kim Song-min (1997-12-03)3 December 1997 (aged 20) 0 0   Sobaeksu
2DF Kang Kuk-chol (1990-07-01)1 July 1990 (aged 27) 20 0   Pyongyang City
2DF Ri Yong-chol (1991-01-08)8 January 1991 (aged 26) 35 0   Hwaebul
2DF Song Kum-il (1994-05-10)10 May 1994 (aged 23) 7 0   Rimyongsu
2DF U Il-gang (1993-08-26)26 August 1993 (aged 24) 0 0   Rimyongsu

3MF Pak Song-chol (1987-09-24)24 September 1987 (aged 30) 57 14   Visakha FC
3MF Kang Kuk-chol (1999-09-29)29 September 1999 (aged 18) 5 0   Ryomyong
3MF Jo Kwang-Myong (1997-10-27)27 October 1997 (aged 20) 0 0   April 25
3MF Kim Kuk-bom (1996-11-13)13 November 1996 (aged 21) 3 0   April 25
3MF Myong Cha-hyon (1990-03-20)20 March 1990 (aged 27) 15 3   April 25
3MF Choe Ju-song (1996-01-27)27 January 1996 (aged 21) 5 0   Amrokkang
3MF Yun Il-gwang (1993-04-01)1 April 1993 (aged 24) 6 0   April 25

4FW An Byong-jun (1990-05-22)22 May 1990 (aged 27) 10 0   Roasso Kumamoto
4FW Jang Ok-chol (1994-01-14)14 January 1994 (aged 23) 3 0   Kigwancha
4FW Pak Kwang-ryong (1992-09-27)27 September 1992 (aged 25) 36 13   SKN St. Pölten
4FW Kim Yu-song (1995-01-24)24 January 1995 (aged 22) 14 8   April 25
4FW Han Thae-hyok (1989-10-15)15 October 1989 (aged 28) 2 0   Kigwancha
4FW An Il-bom (1990-08-05)5 August 1990 (aged 26) 11 4   April 25

RecordsEdit

As of 7 June 2019. Players in bold are still active at international level.

HonoursEdit

Kit providersEdit

Since 2014, North Korea's official kit provider is currently produced by the North Korean sports company Choeusu.[19]

Period Kit Provider
1948–1992   Admiral
1992–2002   Fila
2002–2003   Lotto
2003–2005   Adidas
2005–2006   Umbro
2006–2008   Hummel
2008–2010   ERKE
2010–2014   Legea
2014–present   Choeusu

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Montague, James (12 December 2017). "Inside the Secret World of Football in North Korea". Bleacher Report. Retrieved 3 January 2018.
  2. ^ "The FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking". FIFA. 24 October 2019. Retrieved 24 October 2019.
  3. ^ Elo rankings change compared to one year ago. "World Football Elo Ratings". eloratings.net. 18 October 2019. Retrieved 18 October 2019.
  4. ^ a b North Korea at World Football Elo Ratings
  5. ^ North Korea matches, ratings and points exchanged
  6. ^ "World Cup 2010 team guide: North Korea". BBC News. 15 June 2010. Retrieved 15 June 2010.
  7. ^ "When Middlesbrough hosted the 1966 World Cup Koreans". BBC News. 15 June 2010. Retrieved 20 June 2010.
  8. ^ "The Game of their Lives". BBC News. Archived from the original on 3 September 2010.
  9. ^ "XXI. Olympiad Montreal 1976 Football Tournament". rsssf.com. 15 June 2010. Retrieved 15 June 2010.
  10. ^ "N Korea football violence erupts". BBC News. 30 March 2005. Retrieved 7 May 2010.
  11. ^ Peck, Grant (6 July 2005). "No fans allowed at Japan, North Korea qualifying match". USA Today. Retrieved 15 June 2010.
  12. ^ "North Korea qualify for World Cup". BBC News. 15 June 2010. Retrieved 15 June 2010.
  13. ^ "World Cup guide – North Korea". BBC News. 15 June 2010. Retrieved 15 June 2010.
  14. ^ "Groups and Standings". FIFA. 15 June 2010. Retrieved 15 June 2010.
  15. ^ "North Korea revive World Cup memories". BBC News. 15 June 2010. Retrieved 15 June 2010.
  16. ^ Holton, Kate (15 June 2010). "Chinese 'volunteer army' arrive to back North Korea". Reuters. Pretoria, South Africa. Retrieved 13 July 2010. Indicating only that Chinese supporters of North Korea were present, but not necessarily excluding North Korean fans.
  17. ^ Frayer, Lauren (16 June 2010). "Diplomats: North Korean Soccer Fans Are Genuine". Aol News. Cape Town, South Africa. Archived from the original on 21 July 2010. Retrieved 12 July 2010.
  18. ^ Bobrowsky, Josef; King, Ian (1 January 2006). "Nehru Cup 1993". The Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
  19. ^ "Home-made Football Popular among DPRK People". KCNA. 1 July 2014. Retrieved 1 July 2014.

External linksEdit