Vietnam national football team

The Vietnam national football team (Vietnamese: Đội tuyển bóng đá quốc gia Việt Nam) represents Vietnam in men's international senior football and is controlled by the Vietnam Football Federation, the governing body of football in Vietnam. It has been nicknamed the Golden Star Warriors.

Vietnam
Shirt badge/Association crest
Nickname(s)Những chiến binh sao vàng
(Golden Star Warriors)[1][2][3]
AssociationVietnam Football Federation (VFF)
ConfederationAFC (Asia)
Sub-confederationAFF (Southeast Asia)
Head coachVacant
CaptainĐỗ Hùng Dũng
Most capsLê Công Vinh (83)
Top scorerLê Công Vinh (51)
Home stadiumVarious
FIFA codeVIE
First colours
Second colours
FIFA ranking
Current 115 Decrease 10 (4 April 2024)[4]
Highest84 (September 1998)
Lowest172 (December 2006)
First international
as South Vietnam[a]:
 Hong Kong 3–2 Vietnam 
(Mong Kok, Hong Kong; 20 April 1947)
Post autonomy
 Taiwan 3–2 Vietnam 
(Manila, Philippines; 1 May 1954)
as Vietnam:
 Vietnam 2–2 Philippines 
(Manila, Philippines, 26 November 1991)
Biggest win
 Vietnam 11–0 Guam 
(Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam; 23 January 2000)
Biggest defeat
as South Vietnam:
 South Vietnam 1–9 Indonesia 
(Seoul, South Korea; 4 May 1971)
as Vietnam:
 Zimbabwe 6–0 Vietnam 
(Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; 26 February 1997)
 Oman 6–0 Vietnam 
(Daegu, South Korea; 29 December 2003)
 South Korea 6–0 Vietnam 
(Suwon, South Korea; 17 October 2023)
Asian Cup
Appearances5 (first in 1956 as South Vietnam
2007 as Vietnam
)
Best resultas South Vietnam:
Fourth place (1956, 1960)
as Vietnam:
Quarter-finals (2007, 2019)
AFF Cup
Appearances14 (first in 1996)
Best resultChampions (2008, 2018)
Southeast Asian Games
Appearances12 (first in 1959 as South Vietnam
1991 as Vietnam
)
Best resultas South Vietnam:
Champions (1959)
as Vietnam:
Silver medals (1995, 1999)
Asian Games
Appearances6 (first in 1954 as South Vietnam
1998 as Vietnam
)
Best resultas South Vietnam:
Fourth place (1962)
as Vietnam:
Group stage (1998)
Websitevff.org.vn

Football was introduced to Vietnam by the French in the late 19th century during the French colonial period and Vietnam (future South Vietnam) played their first game in 1947. However, because various conflicts occurred in the country throughout the 20th century,[6][7] Vietnam was split into the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (representing the communist-controlled North) and the State of Vietnam, later the Republic of Vietnam and Republic of South Vietnam (representing the capitalist-controlled South), beginning in 1954. As a result, two national teams (one for the North and one for the South) existed simultaneously and were controlled by separate governing bodies. While South Vietnam became a member of both International Association Football Federation (FIFA) in 1952 and the Asian Football Confederation (AFC) in 1954, North Vietnam never held memberships in either. After North and South were unified into a single country in 1976, the separate governing bodies were combined into the Vietnam Football Federation.[8] However, the current unified Vietnam also inherited South Vietnam's membership in FIFA, therefore Vietnamese team is considered a successor to the South Vietnamese team, while North Vietnamese team is considered a separate team for statistical purposes.[9]

For the first years of its history, reunified Vietnam experienced a prolonged international football hiatus and no national team matches were played between unification in 1976 and participation in the Southeast Asian Games football tournament of 1991. This tournament marked the re-integration of Vietnam into international football, with the Vietnam national team subsequently achieving moderate success in Southeast Asia and reaching the final round of the World Cup qualification in 2022. Vietnam also reached the quarter-finals of the AFC Asian Cup twice, in 2007 and in 2019.

History edit

Early history (1896–1954) edit

 
Early Vietnamese football with Vietnamese players and French officials in the Championnat Cochinchine, c. 1922–23

The introduction of football into Vietnam can be traced back to 1896, during the era of colonial French Cochinchina. At first, the sport was only played among French civil servants, merchants, and soldiers. The French encouraged local Vietnamese to play football and other introduced sports, partly to divert their interest from politics but also because of local enthusiasm. Football subsequently spread to the northern and central region.[10][11] On 20 July 1908, the newspaper Southern Luc Tan Van reported on a match between two local Vietnamese teams for the first time. A football guidebook published in 1925 by Vietnamese doctor Pham Van Tiec attracted interest among Vietnamese youth.[12] By 1928, the Vietnamese had established the Annamite Sports Bureau and in the same year they sent a football team to compete in Singapore. More local football clubs then established in northern and southern Vietnam. However, it was not until after World War II that football clubs in the region started to become more organized.[13] Vietnam (future South Vietnam) played their first game on 20 April 1947 in a 3-2 loss against Hong Kong in Hong Kong.

Two Vietnam national teams (1954–1976) edit

The South Vietnam team winning gold at the 1959 Southeast Asian Peninsular Games.
The North Vietnam team in 1956.

Two national football teams existed existed side by side after Vietnam was divided into South Vietnam and North Vietnam in 1954. The southern team appeared in a friendly in 1947 and participated in the first two AFC Asian Cup finals (1956 AFC Asian Cup and 1960 AFC Asian Cup) and earned two fourth-place finishes. They won the first Southeast Asian Games gold in 1959 in Thailand as well as two times won silver medals and three times won bronze medals. South Vietnam reached quarter-finals of the Asian Games 1958 and fourth place of the Asian Games 1962. The team also attempted to qualify for the 1974 FIFA World Cup, beating Thailand 1–0 to qualify for the classification matches. They ultimately lost their group opening matches by 4–0 to Japan and 1–0 to Hong Kong. As a result of reunification the team was disbanded and played their last game in a 3-0 loss against Malaysia in 1975. South Vietnamese football became a member of FIFA in 1952 and the AFC in 1954, therefore South Vietnam was more integrated than the North and South Vietnamese football association was treated by these bodies as the only legitimate Vietnamese one as South Vietnam claimed sovereignty over all of Vietnam from 1949 to 1975. Meanwhile, the northern team was much less active than the South and tended to be closed, North Vietnam was never a member of either AFC or FIFA. Between 1956 and 1966 they often played against other communist states. Their first game was a 5-3 loss to China PR under head coach Truong Tan Buu on 4 October 1956 and their played last game was a 3-2 win over Cuba. They participated in the first GANEFO (Games of the New Emerging Forces) competitions in Indonesia in 1962 and Cambodia in 1966. Like the South, the North team also ceased to exist when the North and South regions reunited into the Socialist Republic of Vietnam following the end of the Vietnam War.[14] Because South Vietnam was a member of FIFA (from 1952), the current unified Vietnam is classified as its successor by FIFA.[15]

The development of football during this era for both Vietnams stagnated due to the coincident Vietnam War. Having been a significant football force in the region, Vietnam's reputation diminished. The conflict also greatly reduced Vietnamese footballing ability and weakened the country generally. Moreover, the subsequent Cambodian–Vietnamese War and Sino–Vietnamese War, combined with global sanctions against the country, depleted the nation's football team and turned Vietnam into one of the weakest teams in the world. For these reasons, Vietnamese football remains new and unknown to much of the rest of the world. Despite its long-standing history of football, Vietnam only rejoined the global football community in 1991.

Vietnam's professional football league, known as the All Vietnam Football Championship, was launched in 1980 to redevelop Vietnamese football after the war. In 1989, following the Đổi Mới reforms, a new football federation was formed. Most Vietnamese sports returned to the international stage. After three months of preparation, in August 1989, the First Congress of the new football federation took place in Hanoi, declaring the formation of the Vietnam Football Federation. Trịnh Ngọc Chữ, deputy minister of the General Department of Sports, was elected as the first president of VFF.[16]

Post Vietnam War and redevelopment era (1991–2006) edit

The reunified Vietnam national football team joined international football by participating in the 1991 edition of the Southeast Asian (SEA) Games in the Philippines.[17] They have participated in every subsequent SEA Games tournament. Since 1994, Vietnam has consistently participated in qualification for the FIFA World Cup, and in qualification for the AFC Asian Cup (since 1996).

Vietnam participated for the first time as a unified nation in FIFA World Cup qualification during the 1994 World Cup campaign, having participated in the 1974 qualification as South Vietnam. The national side failed to qualify for the 1994 and 1998 tournaments with only one qualifying win in total.

In 1996, Vietnam finished third in the first (1996) ASEAN Football Federation championship (then known as the Tiger Cup). Vietnam hosted the second Tiger Cup in 1998, losing 1–0 to Singapore in the final. From 2000 to 2007, Vietnam strove to win the Southeast Asian trophy, but invariably failed. In 1996, Vietnam created international headlines by inviting Italian giant Juventus, the reigning 1995–96 UEFA Champions League champion, to play in a friendly match in Hanoi. Despite the 2-1 loss, the match was a watershed moment that boosted the development of football in the country.[18]

Vietnam was the host of the 1999 Dunhill Cup, a friendly tournament for both senior and U-23 players. Because it was categorized as a mingled senior and U-23 competition, some national teams decided to use their senior reserve sides. In this competition, Vietnam performed promisingly. The highlight was a shock 1–0 win over Russia (then-1994 FIFA World Cup and UEFA Euro 1996 participant); they also drew 2–2 with 1998 FIFA World Cup participant Iran, thereby topping the group. Vietnam was then eliminated in the semi-finals after a 4–1 defeat to China.

Vietnam's 2002 FIFA World Cup qualification campaign had some bright moments, with the team winning three matches and drawing one, all played in Dammam. However, the losses against Saudi Arabia, meant that Vietnam did not qualify for the World Cup. The 2004 AFC Asian Cup qualification was also unsuccessful, with Vietnam falling to South Korea and Oman, but managing to create a shock 1–0 win over 2002 FIFA World Cup's fourth-place-getter South Korea in Muscat, one of Vietnam's greatest football feats.[19] The 2006 FIFA World Cup qualification was a low point for Vietnam, with the team once again failing, losing to South Korea and Lebanon, and only finishing above Maldives on goal difference.

Renaissance of Vietnam football (2007–2009) edit

Scenes during the final of the 2008 AFF Championship. Clockwise from top: Vietnamese supporters during Vietnam's triumph, the Vietnamese team receiving the cup and the Vietnamese team before the second leg final matches.

Vietnam hosted the 2007 AFC Asian Cup along with Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand, despite having failed to qualify for the Asian Cup since the 1990s. The team was ranked second lowest only after Malaysia, but Vietnam created a shock by defeating the UAE 2–0, drawing 1–1 with another Gulf team, Qatar, before losing 1–4 to defending champions Japan. Vietnam were the only Southeast Asian and host team to reach the quarter-finals, in which they lost to eventual champions Iraq 2–0.[20] This marked the beginning of the first Vietnamese football upsurge.

Vietnam won their first AFF Championship title in 2008. They were placed in Group B with Thailand, Malaysia, and Laos. After losing to Thailand 2–0 in the opener, Vietnam defeated Malaysia 3–2 and Laos 4–0. In the semi-final, Vietnam held the defending champion Singapore to 0–0 at home before winning 1–0 away, making the final for the first time in 10 years. Vietnam met Thailand again in the final. They defeated Thailand 2-1 in the first leg in Thailand. Returning home, Vietnam drew 1-1 behind Le Cong Vinh's last-minute header, resulting in an aggregate 3-2 victory.[21] This was the team's first international title since rejoining global football.

Vietnam almost managed a successful 2011 AFC Asian Cup qualification, performing well against Syria and Lebanon, as well as against China; but the shortcoming in scoring goals once again proved to be instrumental in denying Vietnam's qualification for the 2011 AFC Asian Cup, as the team finished third with only a single 3–1 home win (over Lebanon) and two draws away to both Levant opponents Syria and Lebanon. Losing both matches against China, including the huge 6–1 loss in Hangzhou, Vietnam at least had the slight consolation of scoring a single goal in both games.

Decline (2009–2014) edit

The period between 2009 and 2014 marked the decline of Vietnamese football. The team participated in the 2010 and 2014 World Cup qualifiers and 2015 Asian Cup qualifiers, but were unsuccessful, being eliminated at the first hurdle. The team lost 6–0 on aggregate against the United Arab Emirates in the first round of 2010 World Cup qualification. In the 2014 World Cup qualifiers, Vietnam could only defeat Macau in the first round, before being eliminated by Qatar in the second round. The worst of this decline was in the 2015 Asian Cup qualifiers during which Vietnam lost five out of six games and finished at the bottom of the group, which included the United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, and Hong Kong.

Along with the poor performance in the continental qualification, Vietnam suffered a setback in the regional tournament. The team lost to Malaysia, the eventual champion, in the 2010 AFF Championship semi-final. The 2012 AFF Championship was a disaster for Vietnam; the team was eliminated in the group stage and only obtained a 1–1 draw against Myanmar, while losing 3–1 to Thailand and 1–0 to the Philippines.

Rebuilding (2014–2017) edit

The national team of Vietnam witnessed significant changes under the tenure of Toshiya Miura, who took charge of Vietnam from 2014 to 2016. The Japanese coach was credited for rebuilding the national team after the failed 2015 AFC Asian Cup qualification and had a significant impact on the improvement of the team's performances. One of the most renowned achievements of Miura's regime was with the youth team, which cruised past Olympic Iran, a major Asian force, at the 2014 Asian Games with an unthinkable 4–1 victory.[22] Many of the young players nurtured by coach Miura were brought to the senior side, which performanced well in the 2014 AFF Championship. However, Vietnam failed to progress beyond the semi-finals after a shocking 4–2 home defeat to Malaysia,[23] in spite of winning 2–1 away in the first leg.[24] Vietnamese police had sought to investigate this match, but found no evidence of bribery or corruption, as stated in the findings of Swiss-based international supplier betting services Sportradar.[25][26]

Miura led Vietnam in the 2018 World Cup qualifiers when Vietnam was grouped together with Thailand, Indonesia, Chinese Taipei, and Iraq. Indonesia was later banned from participating by FIFA. Vietnam managed a fine performance, drawing with Iraq 1–1 at home.[27] However, two disappointing defeats to Thailand, away 1–0[28] and a humiliating 3–0 home loss,[29] subjected the team to heavy criticism. Despite the sporadic improvement, Toshiya Miura was sacked by the VFF after the Olympic side's failure to qualify for the 2016 Rio Olympics.[30]

Nguyễn Hữu Thắng, a Vietnamese manager, was appointed coach during the era, inspiring new hope. Under Nguyễn Hữu Thắng, Vietnam once again progressed to the semi-finals of the 2016 AFF Championship, but lost to Indonesia in another thrilling semi-final, being held 2–2 at home,[31] having lost 2–1 away.[32] The team's disappointment was relieved a little, as the Golden Star Warriors finished third in the 2019 AFC Asian Cup qualification World Cup qualification group. The Vietnamese side managed two draws in their opening run against Afghanistan in Tajikistan[33] and a goalless draw to Jordan in Ho Chi Minh City.[34] However, the Olympic side was surprisingly eliminated in the group stage of the 2017 SEA Games, and Nguyễn Hữu Thắng was relieved from duty. The team faced a crisis of confidence as many fans stopped supporting the team.[35] Interim coach Mai Đức Chung was appointed to help Vietnam in two crucial Asian Cup qualification matches against neighbouring Cambodia, in which he was able to replenish some of the team's lost spirit, beating Cambodia 2–1 away and giving them a 5–0 thrashing at home.[36] These wins placed Vietnam in the top two for final qualification.

Golden Generation with Park Hang-seo (2017–2023) edit

Park Hang-seo, former assistant to Guus Hiddink for South Korea during the 2002 FIFA World Cup, was appointed as the new coach of the Vietnam national team on 29 September 2017. His appointment came after an attempt to negotiate with Takashi Sekizuka was unsuccessful. Previously the VFF had tried to contact American manager Steve Sampson, but received no response.[37]

Park's first match as coach of Vietnam was in the 2019 AFC Asian Cup qualifications, where Vietnam defeated Cambodia at home 5–0 on 10 October 2017, followed by a 0–0 draw at home against Afghanistan on 14 November 2017. This allowed Vietnam to qualify for the 2019 AFC Asian Cup, their first Asian Cup since 2007.[38] Park himself, though, was criticized due to the team's unconvincing performance.[39] However, the mood rapidly changed after Vietnam youth team's impressive showings in the 2018 AFC U-23 Championship and 2018 Asian Games where Park Hang-seo was also the coach of the U-23 and Olympic team.[40] With the same U-23 players, he formed the squad of the Vietnamese senior team in a dead-rubber 1–1 draw to Jordan in 2019 Asian Cup qualification, which both teams qualified together.[41]

2018 AFF Championship triumph edit

In Hang-seo first task was the 2018 AFF Championship consisting of young players where Vietnam managed 3 victories winning against Laos 3–0, Malaysia 2–0, Cambodia 3–0 and a 0–0 draw with Myanmar which see Vietnam topping the group and advancing to the next round, In the semi-finals, they defeated the Philippines twice, and in the finals defeated Malaysia 3–2 on aggregate where Hang-seo helms Vietnam to their second AFF Championship title since their last victory in 2008.[43]Nguyễn Quang Hải was voted the Most Valuable Player in the tournament which he scored four goals throughout the entire tournament. Vietnam also went unbeaten in the process winning 6 matches and drawing twice.

2019 AFC Asian Cup edit

Scenes during the quarter-finals of the 2019 AFC Asian Cup. Clockwise from top: Vietnamese team with Japan at the cup quarter-finals and Vietnamese fans during the match.

It wasn't until the 2019 AFC Asian Cup that Vietnam truly began to gain international recognition.[citation needed] With the entire squad made up of mostly promising U-23 players, Vietnam had the youngest squad in the tournament. Being drawn into group D along with Iran, Iraq, and Yemen, Vietnam lost to Iraq 2–3 conceding a 90th-minute free kick from Ali Adnan and Iran 0–2 before beating Yemen 2–0 in their final group matches with goals coming from Nguyễn Quang Hải and Quế Ngọc Hải to seal Vietnam to become the last best third-place team qualifying for the round of 16. Then, they pulled up a shocking result by defeating Jordan in a penalty shootout, with Bùi Tiến Dũng scoring the decisive penalties which sent them to the quarter-finals.[44] The win sent millions of Vietnamese into the streets for celebrations.[45] In the quarter-finals, Vietnam played against Japan but failed to continue the success after their opponent was awarded a penalty kick which was decided through the video assistant referee (VAR), resulting in a 0–1 loss score by Ritsu Dōan until the final whistle was blown.[46]

 
The Vietnamese national team's squad before facing Iran at the 2019 AFC Asian Cup.
 
Vietnam vs Japan, 2019 AFC Asian Cup quarter-finals

2022 FIFA World Cup qualification edit

Vietnam was grouped in the 2022 FIFA World Cup qualifying Second Round Group G with three other Southeast Asian rivals: Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia, along with the United Arab Emirates. The Vietnamese started with a 0–0 away draw over Thailand[47] before defeating Malaysia 1–0 at home[48] and then achieved a 3–1 away win against Indonesia.[49] In November 2019, Vietnam faced the United Arab Emirates on home soil with attempts to break a 12-year winless streak to the opponent. In spite of facing a struggle in the early minutes, a red card to the UAE gave the Vietnamese an advantage. They eventually managed to beat the Emirates 1–0.[50] Then, Vietnam moved to a thrilling encounter against neighbour and fellow powerhouse Thailand at home, where both teams played in another goalless draw, in a match with a crucial Akinfeev-penalty like save by Đặng Văn Lâm and two disallowed Vietnamese goals, to foster Vietnam's top position in the Joint World Cup/Asian Cup qualifying Group G.[51]

However, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, Vietnam was forced to play all their remaining qualifying second-round games in the United Arab Emirates. In this campaign, Vietnam suffered a great loss of key players, as the midfield soul Đỗ Hùng Dũng suffered from a severe injury in 2021 V.League 1 that caused him 6-months of recession, while best goalie Đặng Văn Lâm, due to an unexpected incident related to COVID-19 in his Japanese club Cerezo Osaka, could not come to the national team in Dubai, the key midfielder Nguyễn Tuấn Anh, after suffering an aggressive tackle from an Indonesian player in the 20th minute of the first match, had to miss the rest of the qualifying second round. Nevertheless, even with such a great loss, Vietnam's campaign in UAE was an astonishing success. Vietnam pounded Indonesia 4–0 and held on to a 2–1 win against Malaysia. On the last match day, Vietnam battled it out in a thrilling encounter against the hosts, UAE. After trailing 3–0, a late surge in the final 10 minutes brought 2 goals on the scoresheet for Vietnam, but it wasn't enough as the match ended 3–2 in favour of UAE. Despite losing however, with Australia defeating Jordan 1–0 in the decisive game of Group B and later Saudi Arabia beating Uzbekistan 3–0 in the decisive game of Group D, Vietnam officially claimed its ticket into the third and final round of the World Cup qualifiers for the first time ever, and automatic qualification to the 2023 AFC Asian Cup in China, after entering as one of the five best runner-ups, the second Southeast Asian nation after Thailand to achieve the feat.[52][53]

In the third round, Vietnam was drawn into group B along with Japan, Australia, Saudi Arabia, China, and Oman where Vietnam lost its first seven head-to-head matches. The team played its best in every match, but since the team suffered an injury crisis, which began in mid-August 2021, Vietnam was unable to achieve a single point after the first seven games, and was officially eliminated from the World Cup after a 0–4 loss against Australia in Melbourne Rectangular Stadium on 27 January 2022. However, just five days later, it became the first ever team from Southeast Asia to win a match in the final round of the World Cup qualifiers by beating China 3–1 at home on 1 February 2022, which coincided with the Lunar New Year's Day in Vietnam and China.[54] The win was also the first-ever win from a Southeast Asian team against China in an official competitive match in 65 years, when Indonesia beat China 2–0 in the 1958 FIFA World Cup qualification. The team achieved another historical result in the last qualifying match with a 1–1 draw against host Japan in Saitama Stadium 2002 on 29 March marking the first time ever that Vietnam did not lose against Japan since its reintegration into international football.[55] Nonetheless, Vietnam only earned 4 points in total after 10 matches of the third round (1 win, 1 draw, 8 losses) and finished bottom, losing against all teams in this round but ended up with a historic 3–1 win over China and a draw against Japan in the final match, which was still Vietnam's best ever run in World Cup qualification, massively influencing Vietnam's image as a potential, emerging footballing nation.

2022 AFF Championship edit

In October 2022, Park Hang-seo announced that he would leave his position as coach at the conclusion of the 2022 AFF Championship.[56] In the tournament, Vietnam topped their group with victories against Laos, Malaysia, and Myanmar and a draw against Singapore. Vietnam beat Indonesia in the semi-final but lost 3-2 to Thailand in the final.[57] Coach Park Hang-seo, is considered the most successful coach in Vietnam football history, with FIFA praising Vietnam's progress throughout his managerial career with the team. His achievements include the junior team success in the 2018 AFC U-23 Championship as Asian runners-up, the 2018 Asian Games in 4th place, Southeast Asian Games Gold Medal finishes in 2019 and 2021, as well as the senior team in the 2018 AFF Championship as champions, the 2019 AFC Asian Cup as top 8, and Vietnam's first time ever qualification to the final and 3rd round of the World Cup Qualifiers for Asia.[58]

Troussier era and declining (2023–present) edit

On 16 February 2023, VFF announced that Frenchman Philippe Troussier, who led South Africa and Japan to the 1998 and 2002 FIFA World Cups, had been appointed coach of the Vietnam national team and the under 23s . Troussier was officially presented on 27 February 2023, making him the first World Cup profile manager to lead the country.[59] Troussier signed a contract that last until 31 July 2026, with an ambitious goal of taking Vietnam to the next FIFA World Cup in 2026, where the biggest men’s international football tournament plans to increase the number of participating teams to 48 from 32.[60][61] Vietnam has never been to the World Cup and the furthest stages were only up to the AFC qualification third round previously under Park Hang-seo. He is also the first coach of the Muslim faith for a Vietnamese side, having converted to Islam and acquiring the name Philippe Omar Troussier.[62][63]

Before his debut with the national team, Philipe Troussier had led Vietnam’s Olympic side in the 2023 SEA Games in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, where Vietnam finished with a bronze medal.[64][65]

Vietnam started its 2026 FIFA World Cup qualification from the second round of the AFC, drawn in a group with Iraq, the Philippines, and Indonesia. Troussier declared during a press conference that he wishes to call up more overseas Vietnamese players into the national teams to strengthen the team for the qualifiers.[66] Later, Czech based Andrej Nguyen and Filip Nguyen were one the first overseas players to get called up under Troussier.[67] In June 2023, Troussier made his debut with the Vietnamese national team with two friendly match wins against Hong Kong and Syria.[68] After a series of six friendlies from 15 June to 17 October 2023 to prepare for the World Cup qualifiers, Vietnam ended up with three wins and three losses, including the 0–6 defeat against South Korea which was one of the biggest defeats in Vietnam's football history, as well as losses against China and Uzbekistan.[69]

On 16 November 2023, Vietnam began its 2026 World Cup qualification campaign with a 2–0 away game win against the Philippines.[70] A few days later, Vietnam suffered a 0–1 defeat against Iraq on home soil, conceding a goal in the last minute of the game.[71] The first two qualifiers games saw Troussier renewing the team's starting lineup with several young players such as Phan Tuấn Tài, Võ Minh Trọng or Nguyễn Thái Sơn.[72]

2023 AFC Asian Cup edit

Vietnam qualified for the 2023 AFC Asian Cup, and were grouped with Japan, Iraq and Indonesia in Group D.[73] At the dawn of the tournament, the team left with many doubts due to the absence of key players like Đặng Văn Lâm, Đoàn Văn Hậu, Quế Ngọc Hải or Nguyễn Tiến Linh due to injuries. The Golden Star Warriors were then forced to deal with a talented but inexperienced squad with an average age of 25. New hard blows were then added with the forfeit of Nguyễn Hoàng Đức, 2021 Vietnamese Golden Ball, who also failed to recover from his injury.[74]

Vietnam came to the tournament with a team is mostly constituted of players with little experience in international competitions. The team had a positive performance in the opening match, losing 2–4 to title contender Japan and lead 2-1 at one point during the game. However, Vietnam then lost 0–1 to direct competitor Indonesia and was soon eliminated from the group stage, marking their first defeat to Indonesia after 7 years.[75][76] In the final group stage game against Iraq, Vietnam had a good start while leading 1-0 after the first half, but the team soon fell into a disadvantage position after Khuất Văn Khang was sent off. Iraq quickly lead 2-1 before Nguyễn Quang Hải equalized in the 89th minute. In the last minute of the game, Iraq was awarded a penalty and coverted it, ending the match in a 2–3 for Vietnam, forcing them to leave the tournament with 0 point.[77]

Troussier dismissal edit

At the continuation of the 2026 FIFA World Cup qualification, Vietnam suffered further losses, as Vietnam lost again to Indonesia on both 21 & 26 March with an aggregate score of 0–4, with the return leg, a 0–3 defeat, being the first defeat to Indonesia at home in 20 years. Following these losses, VFF terminated Troussier's contract immediately through mutual consent. Under Troussier, Vietnam only won 4 out of 14 matches and suffered 7 defeats in a row.

Team image edit

Kits edit

Vietnam's current kit sponsor is Jogarbola.[78] The contract started in January 2024. Vietnam was also previously sponsored by Adidas, Li-Ning, Nike, and Grand Sport. The traditional home colour for the Vietnamese team is all red with yellow trim and the away colour is all white with red trim ever since they started the contract with Nike. With Adidas, it was just red and white. Occasionally, the team wore blue and yellow jerseys.

Kit suppliers edit

Kit supplier Period Notes
  Adidas 1996–2005 [79]
  Li-Ning 2006–2008
  Nike 2009–2013
  Grand Sport 2014–2023 [80]
  Jogarbola 2024–2027 [81]

Sponsorship edit

The team has sponsors including Acecook,[82] Yanmar,[83] Honda,[84] Sony,[85] Sabeco Brewery,[86] Coca-Cola,[87] Vinamilk,[88] Kao,[89] Herbalife Nutrition,[90] Trung Nguyên,[91] Honda, Red Bull, VNPay, FPT Play, and VTVcab.[92]

edit

Unlike many national teams in the world, Vietnam is one of the few football teams to not feature their federation (VFF) logo, or logo that is styled from a national emblem/coat of arms such as Russia, Australia or Poland at their jersey, but rather the national flag. The few other FIFA members to feature the national flag include Palestine, North Korea, Switzerland, and Turkey, and currently is the only team to not feature the logo in Southeast Asia. The logo of VFF is used on the team's gear (hats, bags, masks, coats, captain's armband in friendly matches,...) and in products of multimedia for the team. However, in the 1998 AFF Championship, team Vietnam used the former VFF logo on their jersey officially.[93]

Despite VFF unveiling a logo of a dragon for the national football team in 2017 (similar to the logo of an elephant for Thailand), it was not incorporated onto the national jersey due to negative reception from media and supporters.[94] Furthermore, the dragon logo was intended only for the men's national team at first, which would be unreasonable if it was also incorporated into the national jerseys and the uniforms of other teams (women's teams, youth teams, futsal teams, beach soccer teams). Afterwards, it was removed.

Nicknames edit

The VFF's media outlets officially use the nickname Những chiến binh sao vàng (English: Golden Star Warriors) for the national team,[3][95][96] which is derived from the star of the national flag on the team's jersey. The local media in Vietnam also refer to the national team as simply "Tuyển" (The selection).[97] Another nickname, though not frequently used, is Rồng Vàng (English: Golden Dragons).[98][99][100][101]

Supporters edit

 
Vietnamese supporters during the 2019 AFC Asian Cup, in all red and yellow star attire similar to the colour of the flag of Vietnam.

Vietnamese supporters are dubbed to be passionate, having had large celebrations over the team's achievements at senior and youth levels.[102][103]

There are two major supporters' clubs for the national team, namely Vietnam Football Supporters (VFS, Vietnamese: Hội Cổ động viên Bóng đá Việt Nam) which was founded in 2014 and Vietnam Golden Stars (VGS, Vietnamese: Hội Cổ động viên Sao vàng Việt Nam) which was founded in 2017.

When the national team wins important matches, the streets are often overwhelmed by large Vietnamese crowds in an activity known as street storming, which features nationalist chants and the singing of nationalist songs.[103] Vietnamese passionate supporters have been witnessed during the 2007 AFC Asian Cup when the team defeated the UAE 2–0 and later, the lone Southeast Asian side to sneak into the quarter-finals.[104] During the 2019 AFC Asian Cup, Vietnamese fans were euphoric in celebration after beating Jordan in the round of 16.[105]

Even in smaller tournaments, Vietnamese fans are also noted for large celebrations, such as when Vietnam won the 2008, and 2018 AFF Championships, and the 2018 AFC U-23 Championship in which their team finished runners-up after losing the final against Uzbekistan.[106]

Stadiums edit

The Vietnamese national team mainly plays at Mỹ Đình National Stadium in Hanoi. Since the start of 2014, Vietnam has played its home matches in 8 different stadiums with Thiên Trường Stadium and Lạch Tray Stadium are secondary stadiums used.

Vietnam national football team home stadiums
Image Stadium Capacity Location Last match
  Mỹ Đình National Stadium 40,192 Nam Từ Liêm, Hanoi v    Indonesia (26 March 2024; 2026 FIFA World Cup qualification – AFC second round)
  Thiên Trường Stadium 30,000 Nam Định v    Palestine (11 September 2023; Friendly)
  Lạch Tray Stadium 30,000 Ngô Quyền, Hai Phong v    Hong Kong (15 June 2023; Friendly)
  Hàng Đẫy Stadium 22,500 Đống Đa, Hanoi v    Philippines (14 December 2022; Friendly)
  Cẩm Phả Stadium 20,000 Cẩm Phả, Quảng Ninh v    Vietnam U22 (23 December 2020; Friendly)
  Gò Đậu Stadium 18,250 Thủ Dầu Một, Bình Dương v    Myanmar (2 July 2014; Friendly)
  Việt Trì Stadium 18,000 Việt Trì, Phú Thọ v    Vietnam U22 (27 December 2020; Friendly)
  Thống Nhất Stadium 15,000 District 10, Ho Chi Minh City v    India (27 September 2022; 2022 VFF Tri-Nations Series)

Notable Rivalries edit

Opponent GP W D L GF GA GD Win % Details
  China 17 2 1 14 21 38 −17 011.76
  Thailand 56 23 13 20 74 72 +2 041.07 Matches
  Indonesia 47 14 12 21 62 74 −12 029.79
  Malaysia 54 25 10 19 81 91 −10 046.30
  Singapore 39 21 13 5 71 41 +30 053.85

Thailand edit

Thailand is often considered Vietnam's biggest rival in football within the Southeast Asian region. The matches between these two teams are always likened to the "El Clásico" of Southeast Asian football and are followed with much interest in both countries. Vietnam as South Vietnam first faced Thailand in 1956, then the two teams also faced each other at the 1959 Southeast Asian Games and Vietnam won the two matches, in the group stage and the final (Thailand was the host). Despite currently having the better overall record compared with Thailand with 23 wins, 11 draws, and 21 losses after 55 matches, Vietnam has generally poor results against Thailand since its reintegration into international football in 1995. After the match between the two teams in the 2022 AFF Championship Final on 16 January 2023, Vietnam has faced Thailand in 28 matches at the national team level since 1991, winning only 3, drawing 9, and losing 16. Despite this, Vietnam, since reintegration into the world's football, is renowned for its performance of punching above the weight, often due to its ability to culminate surprise results despite disadvantages, while Thailand has struggled harder to do the same.

Vietnam's most memorable win against Thailand was in the final of the 2008 AFF Championship, when a 2–1 win in the first leg in Bangkok set them up for their first-ever title, which they secured after a 1–1 draw in Hanoi.[107]

Indonesia edit

The rivalry stems from the strong competition between Vietnam and Indonesia, as well as the equal strength of the two teams during their matchups. Vietnam and Indonesia have faced each other in 38 matches, with Vietnam having the poorer record with 12 wins, 11 draws, and 16 losses. During the 20-year period from 1999 to 2019, Vietnam only drew and lost against Indonesia in official tournaments beginning after the 1–0 win over Indonesia in 1999 in the semi-finals of the 1999 SEA Games, lasting 12 matches, with seven draws and five losses. Finally, it ended on 15 October 2019 when Vietnam won 3–1 against Indonesia in their third match of the 2022 FIFA World Cup qualification's second round in Bali. In the 2023 AFC Asian Cup, the two teams confronted in the group stage in a game that ended in a 1–0 victory for Indonesia, which qualify them to the round of 16 while Vietnam got eliminated.

Malaysia edit

Similar to Indonesia, Malaysia was considered an equal regional football powerhouse on par with Vietnam. As South Vietnam, the Vietnamese side had a poorer performance, with only three wins, three draws and seven losses, during that time the Malaysians posed as a formidable side in Asia. Since the country's reunification, the rivalry continued when the two teams regularly faced off at regional tournaments like the AFF Championship or SEA Games. The matches between the two teams are marked by the tension between the players on the field and between the fans in the stands. Since 1991, Vietnam has overwhelmed in the head-to-head record against Malaysia with 14 wins, three draws, and only six losses. Vietnam has also been maintaining a series of unbeaten matches against Malaysia since 2014.

Singapore edit

While Singapore was still a force in the AFF until 2012, the team was a big rival for Vietnam. They have faced each other in 39 matches, with Vietnam dominating with 21 wins, 13 draws, and five losses. However, in the period of just reintegrating with international football in 1991, Vietnam experienced, in the period from 1993 to 1998, a poorer head-to-head record against Singapore; especially when they lost the 1998 AFF Championship final. However, since 1998, Vietnam has been maintaining a series of unbeaten matches against Singapore to this day. Vietnam's winning matches in this period against Singapore has never exceeded 1 goal, and 6 out of the 12 matches are draws, although Vietnam did win in the remaining 6. Since Singapore's football decline and Vietnam's development in the mid-2010s, the matches between two teams also began to lose its importance.

China edit

Even though Vietnam and China are close economic and political partners, both countries have had several conflicts in the past and the South China Sea dispute brings out nationalist sentiment which may leak into football rivalry.[108] Vietnam have faced China 9 times, with Vietnam having the poorer record of 1 wins, 0 draw, and 8 losses. Their first official meeting recorded by FIFA happened in 1997 as part of the 1998 FIFA World Cup qualification (as previous meetings before 1997 occurred when China and North Vietnam didn't align with FIFA).[109]

Results and fixtures edit

The following is a list of match results in the last 12 months, as well as any future matches that have been scheduled.

  Win   Draw   Loss   Fixture

2023 edit

15 June Friendly Vietnam   1–0   Hong Kong Haiphong, Vietnam
19:30 UTC+7
Report Stadium: Lạch Tray Stadium
Referee: Suhaizi Shukri (Malaysia)
20 June Friendly Vietnam   1–0   Syria Nam Dinh, Vietnam
19:30 UTC+7 Stadium: Thiên Trường Stadium
Referee: Mohd Yaasin Mohd Hanafiah (Malaysia)
10 October Friendly China   2–0   Vietnam Dalian, China
19:35 UTC+8
Stadium: Dalian Sports Center Stadium
Attendance: 9,219
Referee: Woo Chun Sing (Hong Kong)
13 October Friendly Vietnam   0–2   Uzbekistan Dalian, China
19:35 UTC+8
Stadium: Dalian Pro Academy Base Stadium
Attendance: 0
Referee: Zhang Lei (China)
17 October Friendly South Korea   6–0   Vietnam Suwon, South Korea
20:00 UTC+9 Stadium: Suwon World Cup Stadium
Attendance: 44,000
Referee: Amirul Izwan Yaacob (Malaysia)
16 November 2026 World Cup qualification second round Philippines   0–2   Vietnam Manila, Philippines
19:00 UTC+8 Report (FIFA)
Report (AFC)
Stadium: Rizal Memorial Stadium
Attendance: 10,378
Referee: Rustam Lutfullin (Uzbekistan)
21 November 2026 World Cup qualification second round Vietnam   0–1   Iraq Hanoi, Vietnam
19:00 UTC+7 Report (FIFA)
Report (AFC)
Stadium: Mỹ Đình National Stadium
Attendance: 20,568
Referee: Abdulla Al-Marri (Qatar)

2024 edit

9 January Friendly Kyrgyzstan   2–1   Vietnam Doha, Qatar
16:00 UTC+3
Report Stadium: Al Egla Training Facility Field
Attendance: 0
14 January 2023 AFC Asian Cup GS Japan   4–2   Vietnam Doha, Qatar
14:30 UTC+3
Report Stadium: Al Thumama Stadium
Attendance: 17,385
Referee: Kim Jong-hyeok (South Korea)
19 January 2023 AFC Asian Cup GS Vietnam   0–1   Indonesia Doha, Qatar
17:30 UTC+3 Report
Stadium: Abdullah bin Khalifa Stadium
Attendance: 7,253
Referee: Sadullo Gulmurodi (Tajikistan)
24 January 2023 AFC Asian Cup GS Iraq   3–2   Vietnam Al Rayyan, Qatar
14:30 UTC+3
Report Stadium: Jassim bin Hamad Stadium
Attendance: 8,932
Referee: Nazmi Nasaruddin (Malaysia)
21 March 2026 World Cup qualification second round Indonesia   1–0   Vietnam Jakarta, Indonesia
20:30 UTC+7
Report Stadium: Gelora Bung Karno Stadium
Attendance: 57,696
Referee: Salman Falahi (Qatar)
26 March 2026 World Cup qualification second round Vietnam   0–3   Indonesia Hanoi, Vietnam
19:00 UTC+7 Report
Stadium: Mỹ Đình National Stadium
Attendance: 27,832
Referee: Alireza Faghani (Australia)
11 June 2026 World Cup qualification second round Iraq   v   Vietnam Iraq
--:-- UTC+3 Stadium: TBA

Coaching staff edit

Position Name
Head coach Vacant
Technical director   Takeshi Koshida
Assistant coach   Mai Xuân Hợp
  Ngô Tuấn Vinh
  Nguyễn Thăng Long
  Trương Đình Luật
Goalkeeper coach   Ngô Việt Trung
Fitness coach   Cédric Roger
Kit manager   Đinh Kim Tuấn
Match analyst   Lê Minh Dũng
Doctor   Lê Xuân An
  Trần Huy Thọ
  Tuấn Nguyên Giáp
Team manager   Đoàn Anh Tuấn

Coaching history edit

List of Vietnamese coaches since 1991
Name Nationality From To Pld W D L GF GA Win%[nb 1] Honours
Vũ Văn Tư   Vietnam 1991 1991
Nguyễn Sỹ Hiển   Vietnam 1991 1991 3 0 1 2 3 5 000.00
Trần Bình Sự   Vietnam 1993 1993 11 2 0 9 5 21 018.18
Trần Duy Long (Interim)   Vietnam 1994 1995 1 1 0 0 100.00
Edson Tavares   Brazil 1995 1995 1 1 0 0 1 0 100.00
Karl-Heinz Weigang   Germany 1995 June 1997 17 9 2 6 37 33 052.94
Trần Duy Long   Vietnam 1997 1997 5 0 0 5 2 17 000.00
Lê Đình Chính (Interim)   Vietnam 1997 1997 1 0 0 1 0 4 000.00
Colin Murphy   England October 1997 1998 6 3 1 2 9 6 050.00
Alfred Riedl   Austria August 1998 2000 31 16 6 9 54 21 051.61
Dido   Brazil December 2000 25 September 2001 6 3 1 2 9 9 050.00
Henrique Calisto   Portugal August 2002 December 2002 10 5 3 2 27 18 050.00
Alfred Riedl   Austria January 2003 December 2003 7 3 0 4 8 13 042.86
Nguyễn Thành Vinh (Interim)   Vietnam January 2004 February 2004 1 0 0 1 0 5 000.00
Edson Tavares   Brazil 22 March 2004 12 December 2004 11 4 1 6 18 15 036.36
Trần Văn Khánh[110] (Interim)   Vietnam 12 December 2004 2005 1 1 0 0 3 0 100.00
Alfred Riedl   Austria 2005 October 2007 23 8 8 7 29 27 034.78
Henrique Calisto   Portugal June 2008 1 March 2011 42 11 11 20 38 41 026.19 1 AFF Championship
Falko Götz   Germany 1 June 2011 6 January 2012 5 3 0 2 15 6 060.00
Mai Đức Chung (Interim)   Vietnam 21 February 2012 31 August 2012 0 0 0 0 0 0 !
Phan Thanh Hùng   Vietnam 1 September 2012 31 December 2012 14 5 5 4 12 10 035.71
Nguyễn Văn Sỹ (Interim)   Vietnam 1 January 2013 16 May 2013 4 1 0 3 025.00
Hoàng Văn Phúc   Vietnam 16 May 2013 4 April 2014 3 1 0 2 1 3 033.33
Toshiya Miura   Japan 8 May 2014 28 January 2016 14 7 3 4 12 8 050.00
Nguyễn Hữu Thắng   Vietnam 3 March 2016 24 August 2017 16 8 6 2 15 14 050.00
Mai Đức Chung (Interim)   Vietnam 24 August 2017 29 September 2017 2 2 0 0 7 1 100.00
Park Hang-seo   South Korea 29 September 2017 31 January 2023 55 26 15 14 90 46 047.27 1 AFF Championship
Philippe Troussier   France 1 March 2023 26 March 2024 14 4 0 10 11 25 028.57

Players edit

Current squad edit

The following players were called up for the 2026 FIFA World Cup qualification matches against   Indonesia on 21 and 26 March 2024.[111]

Caps and goals as of 26 March 2024, after the match against   Indonesia.

No. Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club
1 1GK Nguyễn Filip (1992-09-14) 14 September 1992 (age 31) 6 0   Hanoi Police
21 1GK Nguyễn Đình Triệu (1991-11-04) 4 November 1991 (age 32) 3 0   Haiphong
23 1GK Nguyễn Văn Việt (2002-07-12) 12 July 2002 (age 21) 1 0   Song Lam Nghe An
2 2DF Lê Ngọc Bảo (1998-03-29) 29 March 1998 (age 26) 2 0   Thep Xanh Nam Dinh
3 2DF Võ Minh Trọng (2001-10-24) 24 October 2001 (age 22) 10 0   Becamex Binh Duong
4 2DF Bùi Tiến Dũng (1995-10-02) 2 October 1995 (age 28) 49 1   The Cong-Viettel
12 2DF Phan Tuấn Tài (2001-01-07) 7 January 2001 (age 23) 14 0   The Cong-Viettel
13 2DF Hồ Tấn Tài (1997-11-06) 6 November 1997 (age 26) 26 4   Hanoi Police
17 2DF Vũ Văn Thanh (1996-04-14) 14 April 1996 (age 28) 49 5   Hanoi Police
20 2DF Bùi Hoàng Việt Anh (1999-01-01) 1 January 1999 (age 25) 21 1   Hanoi Police
2DF Nguyễn Thành Chung (1997-09-08) 8 September 1997 (age 26) 21 0   Hanoi FC
2DF Nguyễn Thanh Bình (2000-11-02) 2 November 2000 (age 23) 20 1   The Cong-Viettel
5 3MF Phạm Văn Luân (1999-05-26) 26 May 1999 (age 24) 3 0   Hanoi Police
6 3MF Nguyễn Đức Chiến (1998-08-24) 24 August 1998 (age 25) 3 0   The Cong-Viettel
7 3MF Phạm Xuân Mạnh (1996-03-27) 27 March 1996 (age 28) 11 0   Hanoi FC
8 3MF Đỗ Hùng Dũng (captain) (1993-09-08) 8 September 1993 (age 30) 41 1   Hanoi FC
10 3MF Lê Phạm Thành Long (1996-06-05) 5 June 1996 (age 27) 6 0   Hanoi Police
14 3MF Nguyễn Hoàng Đức (1998-01-11) 11 January 1998 (age 26) 34 2   The Cong-Viettel
16 3MF Nguyễn Thái Sơn (2003-07-13) 13 July 2003 (age 20) 12 0   Dong A Thanh Hoa
18 3MF Khuất Văn Khang (2003-05-11) 11 May 2003 (age 20) 13 1   The Cong-Viettel
19 3MF Nguyễn Quang Hải (vice-captain) (1997-04-12) 12 April 1997 (age 27) 60 11   Hanoi Police
3MF Triệu Việt Hưng (1997-01-19) 19 January 1997 (age 27) 3 0   Haiphong
3MF Trần Ngọc Sơn (2003-01-27) 27 January 2003 (age 21) 0 0   Thep Xanh Nam Dinh
9 4FW Nguyễn Văn Toàn (1996-04-12) 12 April 1996 (age 28) 62 7   Thep Xanh Nam Dinh
11 4FW Nhâm Mạnh Dũng (2000-04-12) 12 April 2000 (age 24) 2 0   The Cong-Viettel
15 4FW Nguyễn Đình Bắc (2004-08-19) 19 August 2004 (age 19) 10 2   Quang Nam
22 4FW Nguyễn Tiến Linh (1997-10-20) 20 October 1997 (age 26) 45 18   Becamex Binh Duong
4FW Nguyễn Văn Tùng (2001-06-02) 2 June 2001 (age 22) 5 0   Hanoi FC

Recent call-ups edit

The following players have been called up for the team within the last 12 months and are still available for selection.

Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club Latest call-up
GK Đặng Văn Lâm (1993-08-13) 13 August 1993 (age 30) 42 0   Quy Nhon Binh Dinh 2023 AFC Asian Cup INJ
GK Cao Văn Bình (2005-01-08) 8 January 2005 (age 19) 0 0   Song Lam Nghe An v.   Philippines, 16 November 2023 PRE
GK Phạm Văn Phong (1993-06-03) 3 June 1993 (age 30) 0 0   The Cong-Viettel v.   Palestine, 11 September 2023
GK Trần Minh Toàn (1996-01-21) 21 January 1996 (age 28) 0 0   Becamex Binh Duong v.   Syria, 20 June 2023
GK Trần Nguyên Mạnh (1991-12-20) 20 December 1991 (age 32) 33 0   Thep Xanh Nam Dinh v.   Hong Kong, 15 June 2023
DF Đỗ Duy Mạnh (1996-09-29) 29 September 1996 (age 27) 56 1   Hanoi FC v.   Indonesia, 21 March 2024 INJ
DF Giáp Tuấn Dương (2002-09-07) 7 September 2002 (age 21) 4 0   Hanoi Police v.   Indonesia, 21 March 2024 PRE
DF Hồ Văn Cường (2003-01-15) 15 January 2003 (age 21) 3 0   Hanoi Police 2023 AFC Asian Cup PRE
DF Đỗ Thanh Thịnh (1998-08-18) 18 August 1998 (age 25) 0 0   Thep Xanh Nam Dinh 2023 AFC Asian Cup PRE
DF Quế Ngọc Hải (1993-05-15) 15 May 1993 (age 30) 76 6   Becamex Binh Duong 2023 AFC Asian Cup INJ
DF Lương Duy Cương (2001-11-07) 7 November 2001 (age 22) 1 0   SHB Da Nang v.   Philippines, 16 November 2023 PRE
DF Nguyễn Quang Huy (2004-12-20) 20 December 2004 (age 19) 0 0   Ba Ria-Vung Tau v.   Philippines, 16 November 2023 PRE
DF Đoàn Văn Hậu (1999-04-19) 19 April 1999 (age 24) 37 1   Hanoi Police v.   China, 10 October 2023 INJ
DF Đặng Tuấn Phong (2003-02-07) 7 February 2003 (age 21) 0 0   The Cong-Viettel v.   China, 10 October 2023 PRE
DF Nguyễn Đức Anh (2003-05-16) 16 May 2003 (age 20) 0 0   Hanoi FC v.   China, 10 October 2023 PRE
DF Phạm Trung Hiếu (1998-09-22) 22 September 1998 (age 25) 1 0   Haiphong v.   Palestine, 11 September 2023
DF Hoàng Thái Bình (1998-01-22) 22 January 1998 (age 26) 0 0   Dong A Thanh Hoa v.   Palestine, 11 September 2023 PRE
DF Bùi Tiến Dụng (1998-11-23) 23 November 1998 (age 25) 0 0   Hanoi Police v.   Syria, 20 June 2023
DF Adriano Schmidt (1994-05-09) 9 May 1994 (age 29) 1 0   Quy Nhon Binh Dinh v.   Hong Kong, 15 June 2023 PRE
DF Nguyễn Phong Hồng Duy (1996-06-13) 13 June 1996 (age 27) 32 0   Thep Xanh Nam Dinh v.   Hong Kong, 15 June 2023 INJ
MF Trương Tiến Anh (1999-04-25) 25 April 1999 (age 24) 8 1   The Cong-Viettel v.   Indonesia, 21 March 2024 PRE
MF Nguyễn Hai Long (2000-08-27) 27 August 2000 (age 23) 2 0   Hanoi FC v.   Indonesia, 21 March 2024 PRE
MF Nguyễn Tuấn Anh (vice-captain) (1995-05-16) 16 May 1995 (age 28) 44 1   Thep Xanh Nam Dinh 2023 AFC Asian Cup
MF Lê Văn Đô (2001-08-07) 7 August 2001 (age 22) 1 0   PVF-CAND 2023 AFC Asian Cup PRE
MF Hoàng Văn Toản (2001-04-01) 1 April 2001 (age 23) 3 0   Hanoi Police 2023 AFC Asian Cup INJ
MF Hà Văn Phương (2001-01-07) 7 January 2001 (age 23) 0 0   Hanoi Police v.   Philippines, 16 November 2023 PRE
MF Trần Mạnh Quỳnh (2001-01-18) 18 January 2001 (age 23) 0 0   Song Lam Nghe An v.   Philippines, 16 November 2023 PRE
MF Trần Nam Hải (2004-02-05) 5 February 2004 (age 20) 0 0   Song Lam Nghe An v.   Philippines, 16 November 2023 PRE
MF Nguyễn Thái Quốc Cường (2004-03-06) 6 March 2004 (age 20) 0 0   Ba Ria-Vung Tau v.   Philippines, 16 November 2023 PRE
MF Nguyễn Đức Phú (2003-01-13) 13 January 2003 (age 21) 0 0   PVF-CAND v.   China, 10 October 2023 PRE
MF Lâm Ti Phông (1996-02-01) 1 February 1996 (age 28) 0 0   Dong A Thanh Hoa v.   Palestine, 11 September 2023
MF Nguyễn Hữu Sơn (1996-09-27) 27 September 1996 (age 27) 0 0   Haiphong v.   Palestine, 11 September 2023 PRE
MF Dương Văn Hào (1997-02-15) 15 February 1997 (age 27) 0 0   The Cong-Viettel v.   Palestine, 11 September 2023 PRE
MF Andrej Nguyen (2005-03-15) 15 March 2005 (age 19) 0 0   Sigma Olomouc v.   Palestine, 11 September 2023 WD
MF Châu Ngọc Quang (1996-02-01) 1 February 1996 (age 28) 5 1   LPBank HAGL v.   Syria, 20 June 2023
MF Nguyễn Hải Huy (1991-06-18) 18 June 1991 (age 32) 2 0   Becamex Binh Duong v.   Syria, 20 June 2023
MF Bùi Văn Đức (1997-03-15) 15 March 1997 (age 27) 0 0   Hong Linh Ha Tinh v.   Syria, 20 June 2023 PRE
MF Nguyễn Trọng Long (2000-01-06) 6 January 2000 (age 24) 0 0   Hanoi Police v.   Hong Kong, 15 June 2023 INJ
FW Nguyễn Công Phượng (1995-01-21) 21 January 1995 (age 29) 56 12   Yokohama FC v.   Indonesia, 21 March 2024 INJ
FW Phạm Tuấn Hải (1998-05-19) 19 May 1998 (age 25) 27 5   Hanoi FC 2023 AFC Asian Cup
FW Nguyễn Văn Trường (2003-09-10) 10 September 2003 (age 20) 3 0   Hanoi FC 2023 AFC Asian Cup
FW Bùi Vĩ Hào (2003-02-24) 24 February 2003 (age 21) 2 0   Becamex Binh Duong 2023 AFC Asian Cup PRE
FW Nguyễn Thanh Nhàn (2003-07-28) 28 July 2003 (age 20) 1 0   PVF-CAND 2023 AFC Asian Cup INJ
FW Nguyễn Văn Quyết (1991-07-01) 1 July 1991 (age 32) 58 16   Hanoi FC v.   Iraq, 21 November 2023
FW Võ Nguyên Hoàng (2002-02-07) 7 February 2002 (age 22) 0 0   Dong A Thanh Hoa v.   Philippines, 16 November 2023 PRE
FW Vũ Quang Nam (1992-08-22) 22 August 1992 (age 31) 0 0   Hong Linh Ha Tinh v.   Palestine, 11 September 2023
FW Đinh Thanh Bình (1998-03-19) 19 March 1998 (age 26) 2 0   LPBank HAGL v.   Palestine, 11 September 2023 PRE

Notes
  • INJ = Withdrew due to injury
  • PRE = Preliminary squad
  • WD = Withdrew due to non-injury related reasons

Player records edit

As of 26 March 2024[112]
Players in bold are still active with Vietnam.

Most appearances edit

 
Lê Công Vinh is Vietnam's top goalscorer and their most capped player.
Rank Player Caps Goals Career
1 Lê Công Vinh 83 51 2004–2016
2 Phạm Thành Lương 78 7 2008–2016
3 Quế Ngọc Hải 76 6 2014–present
4 Nguyễn Trọng Hoàng 74 12 2009–2021
5 Nguyễn Minh Phương 73 10 2002–2010
6 Lê Tấn Tài 64 3 2006–2014
7 Nguyễn Văn Toàn 62 7 2016–present
8 Nguyễn Quang Hải 60 11 2017–present
9 Nguyễn Văn Quyết 58 16 2011–present
10 Nguyễn Công Phượng 56 12 2015–present
Đỗ Duy Mạnh 56 1 2015–present

Top goalscorers edit

Rank Player Goals Caps Ratio Career
1 Lê Công Vinh (list) 51 83 0.61 2004–2016
2 Lê Huỳnh Đức 27 51 0.53 1993–2004
3 Nguyễn Hồng Sơn 18 37 0.49 1993–2001
Nguyễn Tiến Linh 18 45 0.4 2018–present
5 Nguyễn Văn Quyết 16 58 0.28 2011–present
6 Phan Thanh Bình 13 31 0.42 2003–2009
7 Nguyễn Anh Đức 12 36 0.33 2006–2019
Nguyễn Công Phượng 12 56 0.21 2015–present
Nguyễn Trọng Hoàng 12 74 0.16 2009–2021
10 Nguyễn Quang Hải 11 60 0.18 2017–present

Youngest players edit

Rank Player Age Day Against Tournament
1 Phan Thanh Bình 16 years 331 days 27 September 2003     Nepal 2004 AFC Asian Cup qualification
2 Đoàn Văn Hậu[113] 18 years 140 days 5 September 2017   Cambodia 2019 AFC Asian Cup qualification
3 Lê Công Vinh 18 years 183 days 9 June 2004   South Korea 2006 FIFA World Cup qualification
4 Phạm Văn Quyến 18 years 213 days 27 November 2002   Sri Lanka Friendly
5 Nguyễn Thành Long Giang 19 years 53 days 28 October 2007   United Arab Emirates 2010 FIFA World Cup qualification
Nguyễn Đình Bắc 10 October 2023   China Friendly

Centuriate goals edit

Goals Date Scorer Venue Opponent Score Result Competition
1. 26 November 1991 Nguyễn Văn Dũng   Manila, Philippines   Philippines 1–0 2–2 1991 Southeast Asian Games
100. 25 August 2000 Nguyễn Hồng Sơn   Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam   Sri Lanka 2–1 2–2 Friendly
200. 24 June 2007 Lê Công Vinh   Hanoi, Vietnam   Jamaica 1–0 3–0 Friendly
300. 16 November 2014 Nguyễn Văn Quyết   Hanoi, Vietnam   Malaysia 2–1 3–1 Friendly
400. 12 December 2021 Nguyễn Quang Hải   Bishan, Singapore   Malaysia 1–0 3–0 2020 AFF Championship

Competitive record edit

FIFA World Cup edit

Finals tournament record Qualification record
Year Result Pos. Pld W D L F A Pld W D L F A
1930 to 1938 Part of   France
as   South Vietnam
  1950 Not a FIFA member
  1954 Entry not accepted by FIFA
1958 to 1970 Did not enter
  1974 Did not qualify 3 1 0 2 1 5
as   Vietnam
1978 to 1990 Did not enter
  1994 Did not qualify 8 1 0 7 4 18
  1998 6 0 0 6 2 21
    2002 6 3 1 2 9 9
  2006 6 1 1 4 5 9
  2010 2 0 0 2 0 6
  2014 4 3 0 1 15 5
  2018 6 2 1 3 7 8
  2022 18 6 3 9 21 24
      2026 To be determined 4 1 0 3 2 5
      2030 To be determined
  2034
Total 0/22 60 17 6 37 65 105

AFC Asian Cup edit

Finals tournament record Qualification record
Year Result Pos. Pld W D L GF GA Squad Pld W D L GF GA
as   South Vietnam
  1956 Fourth place 4th 3 0 1 2 6 9 Squad 2 1 1 0 7 3
  1960 Fourth place 4th 3 0 0 3 2 12 Squad 2 2 0 0 5 1
  1964 Did not qualify 3 2 0 1 9 7
  1968 4 2 0 2 4 4
  1972 Withdrew
  1976 Did not qualify 4 0 0 4 1 10
as   Vietnam
1980–1992 Did not enter
  1996 Did not qualify 3 2 0 1 13 5
  2000 3 2 0 1 14 2
  2004 6 3 0 3 8 13
        2007 Quarter-finals 8th 4 1 1 2 4 7 Squad Qualifield as co-host
  2011 Did not qualify 6 1 2 3 6 11
  2015 6 1 0 5 5 15
  2019 Quarter-finals 8th 5 1 1 3 5 7 Squad 12 4 5 3 16 11
  2023 Group stage 22nd 3 0 0 3 4 8 Squad 8 5 2 1 13 5
  2027 To be determined 3 1 0 2 2 2
Total Fourth-place 5/18 12 2 2 8 13 22 44 18 9 19 70 62
Asian Cup Finals Results
Year Score Result
1956   South Vietnam 2–2   Hong Kong Draw
  South Vietnam 1–2   Israel Loss
  South Vietnam 3–5   South Korea Loss
1960   South Vietnam 1–5   South Korea Loss
  South Vietnam 0–2   Republic of China Loss
  South Vietnam 1–5   Israel Loss

ASEAN Championship edit

ASEAN Championship record
Year Result Pos. Pld W D L GF GA Squad
  1996 Third place 3rd 6 3 2 1 14 10 Squad
  1998 Runners-up 2nd 5 3 1 1 8 2 Squad
  2000 Fourth place 4th 6 3 1 2 14 6 Squad
    2002 Third place 3rd 6 4 1 1 21 12 Squad
    2004 Group stage 6th 4 2 1 1 13 5 Squad
    2007 Semi-finals 3rd 5 1 3 1 10 3 Squad
    2008 Champions 1st 7 4 2 1 11 6 Squad
    2010 Semi-finals 3rd 5 2 1 2 8 5 Squad
    2012 Group stage 6th 3 0 1 2 2 5 Squad
    2014 Semi-finals 3rd 5 3 1 1 12 8 Squad
    2016 Semi-finals 3rd 5 3 1 1 8 6 Squad
  2018 Champions 1st 8 6 2 0 15 4 Squad
  2020 Semi-finals 3rd 6 3 2 1 9 2 Squad
  2022 Runners-up 2nd 8 4 3 1 16 3 Squad
Total 2 Trophies 13/13 79 41 22 16 161 77

Asian Games edit

Since 2002, the Asian Games football tournament is for the U23 teams only. See: Vietnam national under-23 football team

Asian Games History
Year Round Score Result
1954 Round 1   South Vietnam 2–3   Republic of China Loss
Round 1   South Vietnam 3–2   Philippines Win
1958 Round 1   South Vietnam 1–1   Pakistan Draw
Round 1   South Vietnam 6–1   Malaya Win
Quarter-finals   South Vietnam 1–3   South Korea Loss
1962 Round 1   South Vietnam 0–1   Indonesia Loss
Round 1   South Vietnam 6–0   Philippines Win
Round 1   South Vietnam 3–0   Malaya Win
Semi-finals   South Vietnam 2–3   India Loss
Bronze medal   South Vietnam 1–4   Malaya Loss
1966 Round 1   South Vietnam 2–1   Republic of China Win
Round 1   South Vietnam 0–0   Indonesia Draw
Round 1   South Vietnam 0–5   Singapore Loss
1970 Round 1   South Vietnam 0–2   India Loss
Round 1   South Vietnam 0–1   Thailand Loss

Southeast Asian Games edit

Since 2001, the Southeast Asian Games football tournament is for the U23 teams only. See: Vietnam national under-23 football team

VFF Vietnam International Friendly Cup edit

Head-to-head record edit

As of 26 March 2024 after match against   Indonesia. [114]

  Positive Record   Neutral Record   Negative Record