Egypt national football team

The Egypt national football team (Arabic: منتخب مصر لكرة القدم‎), known colloquially as The Pharaohs, represents Egypt in men's international football, and is governed by the Egyptian Football Association (EFA), the governing body of football in Egypt. The team's historical stadium is Cairo International Stadium, although matches are sometimes played at Borg El Arab Stadium in Alexandria.

Egypt
Nickname(s)الفراعنة
(The Pharaohs)
AssociationEgyptian Football Association
ConfederationCAF (Africa)
Sub-confederationUNAF (North Africa)
Head coachCarlos Queiroz
CaptainMohamed Salah
Most capsAhmed Hassan (184)
Top scorerHossam Hassan (68)
Home stadiumCairo International Stadium
FIFA codeEGY
First colours
Second colours
FIFA ranking
Current 48 Decrease 2 (16 September 2021)[1]
Highest9 (July – September 2010, December 2010)
Lowest75 (March 2013)
First international
 Italy 2–1 Egypt 
(Ghent, Belgium; 28 August 1920)
Biggest win
 United Arab Republic 15–0 Laos 
(Jakarta, Indonesia; 15 November 1963)
Biggest defeat
 Italy 11–3 Egypt 
(Amsterdam, Netherlands; 9 June 1928)
World Cup
Appearances3 (first in 1934)
Best resultRound of 16 (1934)
Africa Cup of Nations
Appearances25 (first in 1957)
Best resultChampions (1957, 1959, 1986, 1998, 2006, 2008, 2010)
FIFA Confederations Cup
Appearances2 (first in 1999)
Best resultGroup stage (1999, 2009)

Egypt is the most successful team in the Africa Cup of Nations, having won the Tournament a record seven times, including the inaugural edition in 1957. Egypt is also considered one of Africa's powerhouses, being one of three teams in the continent that has reached the top 10.

In the international stage, Egypt has so far made only three appearances in the World Cup (in 1934, 1990 and 2018). Egypt was the first team outside the Americas and Europe to participate in the World Cup. They also hold the record for the longest gap between two appearances, the most capped footballer, and the oldest player to have ever played at the World Cup.

HistoryEdit

 
Egypt national team in 1920

The first Egyptian national football team was constituted in 1920, the first African football team created to compete in the Summer Olympics in Belgium. The opening match of their campaign was a loss against the Italians. Between 1958 and 1961, the country had a political unity with Syria and went under the name of United Arab Republic, though the Egyptian team's records are attributed to Egypt only by FIFA as it was represented by Egyptian footballers and the team played in the Africa Cup of Nations. The Pharaohs had appeared in three FIFA World Cups and they are the most successful team in the Africa Cup of Nations, winning the competition seven times, with the 2010 Africa Cup of Nations being the most recent one.

Africa Cup of NationsEdit

Egypt first participated in the first Africa Cup of Nations tournament in 1957. In their first game, which was a semi-final, they faced Sudan, winning 2–1 with goals from Raafat Attia and Ad-Diba, enabling Egypt to play in their first final. In the final, they faced Ethiopia, in which Egypt won 4–0, with these goals being scored by Ad-Diba, thus making them champions for the first time in the Africa Cup of Nations. The top scorer of this tournament was Ad-Diba from Egypt with five goals.[3]

In their second participation in the Africa Cup of Nations in 1959, Egypt became champions again. There were only three teams in that tournament, being Ethiopia, Sudan, and Egypt itself. Egypt again was undefeated in this tournament, like in the previous tournament in 1957, defeating both Ethiopia and Sudan.[4]

Their third appearance, which was in the 1962 African Cup of Nations, hosted in Ethiopia, in which Egypt faced Uganda in the semi-finals, there were only four teams in this tournament, by a score of 2–1. Egypt then advanced to the finals, where they faced the hosts Ethiopia, but they lost 4–2 during extra time, thus losing their first final in the Africa Cup of Nations, along with Ethiopia becoming champions for the first time and also being the first nation to win it other than Egypt, who were champions twice.[5]

Their fourth appearance came in 1963 in Ghana. Egypt was placed in Group B with Sudan and Nigeria, winning Nigeria with a score of 6–3, but drawing 2–2 against Sudan. Despite being undefeated in the group stage, they were ranked second, behind Sudan by goal difference. Egypt, as runners-up in Group B, participated in the 3rd place match, playing against Ethiopia, winning Ethiopia 3–0.[6]

For the 1965 Africa Cup of Nations, Egypt did qualify for the tournament, but they withdrew because of their diplomatic relationship with Tunisia, who were hosts of the tournament.[7] Again, Egypt withdrew from the 1968 Africa Cup of Nations, against hosted in Ethiopia.[8]

In the 1970 Africa Cup of Nations, hosted again in Sudan, Egypt were in Group B along with Ghana, Guinea, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, known as Congo-Kinshasa back then. In their opening match, Egypt defeated Guinea by a score of 4–1, in which Ali Abo Greisha scored twice, Hassan El Shazly scored once, and Taha Basry also scored once during that game. Egypt's next game was against Ghana, which ended as a 1–1 draw, with Ibrahim Sunday scoring for Ghana and Bazooka scoring for Egypt. In their third game in this tournament, they faced Congo-Kinshasa, in which Egypt won 1–0 by a goal from Abo Greisha. Egypt ended being in first place, thus advancing to the next round, where they faced Sudan. In the game against Sudan, Egypt lost their first game in the Africa Cup of Nations by a scored of 2–1, with El Shazly scoring the equalizer that put Egypt to extra time, before being scored again by Sudan, thus eliminating them from playing the final. However, in the third place match, they won Ivory Coast by a score of 3–1, making Egypt become third place again in this tournament.[9]

For the 1972 Africa Cup of Nations, Egypt failed to qualify for the first time in this tournament after being eliminated by Morocco by an aggregate score of 5–3.[10]

However, Egypt returned for the 1974 African Cup of Nations, in which they were hosts for the first time. In the group stage, Egypt were in Group A with Zambia, Uganda, and the Ivory Coast. Egypt was successful, defeating Uganda 2–1, Zambia with a score of 3–1, and the Ivory Coast by a score of 2–0. They progressed to the semi-finals to play against Zaire. Egypt lost 2–3 against Zaire, so Egypt had to face Congo for third place. Egypt won Congo by a score of 4–0.[11]

In the 1976 African Cup of Nations, in Ethiopia, they were in Group A with the hosts Ethiopia, Guinea, and Uganda. Egypt defeated Uganda 2–1, but drew against Uganda 1–1 and Ethiopia, also 1–1. Despite this, Egypt advanced to the final round. In the final round, Egypt lost all their games. Egypt lost to Morocco 2–1, 4–2 against Guinea, and 3–2 against Nigeria. However, they scored in these three matches.[12] This is the first Africa Cup of Nations tournament that Egypt lost 3 consecutive games.

Egypt again failed to qualify for the 1978 African Cup of Nations in Ghana.[13]

Egypt reappeared for the 1980 African Cup of Nations in Nigeria. Egypt, Nigeria, the Ivory Coast, and Tanzania, were in Group A. They won in their first game against the Ivory Coast 2–1, defeated Tanzania 2–1 too, but lost to the host Nigeria by a score of 1–0, scored by Okey Isima. Egypt progressed to the next round which was the semi-finals, to face Algeria. Egypt lost this game 4–2 in penalties, after drawing 2–2 after extra time. For the third-place match, Egypt lost to Morocco, making Egypt being in the fourth place rank.[14]

Egypt withdrew during qualifying for the 1982 Africa Cup of Nations in Libya.[15]

For the 1984 Africa Cup of Nations, Egypt returned. Egypt, Cameroon, the Ivory Coast, and Togo, were drawn in Group A. Egypt won against Cameroon 1–0, the Ivory Coast 1–2, but drew with Togo 0–0. Egypt advanced to the next round, the semi-finals, to face Nigeria. Egypt lost to Nigeria in penalties, with the score in penalties being 7–8, after drawing 2–2. For the third place match, Egypt lost 3–1 to Algeria.[16]

Even though Egypt were in fourth place in the previous tournament, it changed. In the 1986 Africa Cup of Nations, Egypt became the host again. In their opening game, Egypt lost to Senegal 1–0. However, Egypt went on to win their two remaining games in the group stage, with scores of 2–0 against the Ivory Coast, and 2–0 against Mozambique. Egypt were in first place in Group A, and in the semi-finals, Egypt won against Morocco 1–0, advancing to the final since the 1962 edition, to play against Cameroon, who had Roger Milla. Egypt won the game 5–4 in penalties, after drawing 0–0, thus becoming champions for the third time since the tournament from 1959.[17]

In the 1988 Africa Cup of Nations in Morocco, Egypt were not as successful than in the 1986 edition. Egypt entered this championship as the current title holders. They were in Group B with Cameroon, Nigeria, and Kenya. In their game against Cameroon, they lost 1–0 by a goal from Roger Milla. However, they did not lose against Nigeria and Kenya, as Egypt drew 1–1 against Nigeria in Stade Moulay Abdellah in Rabat, and defeated Kenya 3–0, also in Stade Moulay Abdellah, with two goals from Gamal Abdelhamid and one goal from Ayman Younes. Despite, they were a point below from entering the next round, which was the semi-finals.[18]

In the 1990 Africa Cup of Nations in Algeria, it got worse. Egypt did qualify for this tournament, and they were put in Group A, along with Algeria, Nigeria, and the Ivory Coast. Egypt lost all their group stage games, thus making Egypt fail to obtain at least one point for the first time in the Africa Cup of Nations. The scores the 3–1 defeat to the Ivory Coast, the 1–0 defeat to Nigeria, and the 2–0 defeat to Algeria.[19]

In the 1992 Africa Cup of Nations, hosted in Senegal, Egypt entered by qualifying to this tournament. Egypt were placed in Group D with Ghana and Zambia. In their game against Zambia, Egypt lost 1–0. In their game against Nigeria, they lost again by a score of 1–0 too. Egypt again failed to obtain a least a point for the second time, being consecutive, along with losing all their games in the group stage.[19]

In the 1994 Africa Cup of Nations, in Tunisia, Egypt were in Group B with Nigeria and Gabon. In their first game, against Gabon, Egypt won 4–0 with goals from Ayman Mansour, Hamza El Gamal, in which they scored once in that game, and Bashir Abdel Samad, who scored two. In their second game, they drew against Nigeria 0–0. Egypt were able to qualify to the next round, which were the quarter-finals, being first place in Group B by goal difference, to face Mali. In this game, Egypt lost 0–1 to Mali in Stade El Menzah in Tunis, thus knocking out Egypt from the tournament.[20]

In the 1996 edition, hosted in South Africa, Egypt participated in this tournament. Egypt were placed in Group A with the hosts South Africa, Cameroon, and Angola. In their first game, Egypt faced Angola, successful winning 2–1 with both goals scored from Ahmed El Kass. In their second game, however, Egypt lost 2–1 against Cameroon. In their third game, against South Africa, Egypt defeated South Africa 0–1, with the goal from El Kass. Egypt qualified to the quarter-finals, as runners-up of the group, being behind the hosts. In the quarter-finals, Egypt were to face Zambia. In this game, Egypt lost 3–1. This eliminated Egypt, with South Africa winning their first title, and as hosts.[21]

In the 1998 Africa Cup of Nations, in Burkina Faso, Egypt qualified for this tournament. Egypt were placed in Group D, with Mozambique, Zambia, and Morocco. In their first game, Egypt won Mozambique 2–0, with the two goals from Hossam Hassan. In the game against Zambia, Egypt again won 4–0, with the goals being a hat trick from Hassan and one from Radwan. In their third game however, Egypt lost against Morocco, 1–0, with the goal scored in the 90th minute from Mustapha Hadji. Despite this defeat, Egypt qualified to the quarter-finals, as runners-up of Group D, and they were to face against the Ivory Coast. In this game, Egypt won 5–4 in penalties, after a 0–0 draw. This made Egypt advance to the semi-finals since the 1986 tournament. In their semi-final, Egypt faced the hosts Burkina Faso, in which Egypt defeated Burkina Faso by a score of 2–0, with the goals scored from Hassan. This made Egypt go to the final since the 1986 tournament, the same tournament that was their last tournament as champions, to play against South Africa. In the final, Egypt were successful, winning 2–0, with a goal from Ahmed Hassan and a goal from Tarek Mostafa. Egypt won their fourth title since they won as hosts in the 1986 tournament.[22]

For the 2000 Africa Cup of Nations, Egypt entered as the defending champions. This tournament was in Ghana and Nigeria. They were in Group C with Senegal, Zambia, and Burkina Faso. In these three games, Egypt won the three of them. Their match against Zambia was a 2–0 victory, a 1–0 victory over Senegal, and a 4–2 win against Burkina Faso. With these three victories, Egypt were the group leaders and they advanced to the quarter-finals. In the quarter-finals, they lost to Tunisia 0–1, the goal was scored by a penalty kick. Egypt were eliminated from the tournament, in which Cameroon won their third title.[23]

In the 2002 African Cup of Nations, in Mali, Egypt qualified for this tournament. Egypt were placed in Group D with Senegal, Tunisia, and Zambia. In their opening match, Egypt lost 0–1 to Senegal. However, Egypt won their two remaining group stage games, with the scores of 1–0 against Tunisia and 2–1 against Zambia. Egypt advanced to the quarter-finals, as runners-up, with six points, to face Cameroon. In this game, being Cameroon vs. Egypt, in the quarter-finals, Egypt lost 1–0. This score eliminated Egypt. In this tournament, Cameroon won their fourth title, being the second title won consecutively.[24]

Egypt qualified to the 2004 Africa Cup of Nations, which was hosted in Tunisia. Egypt were placed in Group C with Algeria, Zimbabwe, and Cameroon. Egypt won 1–2 against Zimbabwe, lost 2–1 to Algeria, and drew 0–0 against Cameroon. Egypt failed to qualify for the quarter-finals due to that Algeria scored a goal more than Egypt, after leveling on points and goal difference. Tunisia, the hosts won their first title, beating Morocco in the final.[25]

Egypt starting line-up against Ivory Coast at the 2006 Africa Cup of Nations Final, a match they won 4–2 on penalties after a goalless draw.

The 2006 Africa Cup of Nations was hosted in Egypt, making Egypt automatically qualified. They were in Group A with Libya, Morocco, and the Ivory Coast. In the opening match, Egypt defeated Libya 3–0. In the second game, Egypt drew 0–0 against Morocco. However, in the third game, Egypt won 3–1 against the Ivory Coast, thus making Egypt as the group leader and advancing to the next round, the quarter-finals. In the quarter-finals phase, Egypt faced DR Congo, in which Egypt won 4–1, thus making Egypt advance to the semi-finals. In the semi-finals, Egypt faced Senegal. In this game, Egypt won Senegal 2–1, thus making Egypt qualify for the final to face the Ivory Coast, after playing against each other in the group stage. In the final match, Egypt drew 0–0 with the Ivory Coast, sending them to extra time, and still, the score remained 0–0. After extra time, the game was taking to the penalty shoot-out phase. In the penalty shoot-out phase, Egypt were victorious, winning 4–2 against the Ivory Coast, and claiming their fifth title, being the third title won as hosts, the last time Egypt won the tournament before this was in 1998.[26]

In the 2008 African Nations Cup in Ghana, Egypt qualified for this tournament. In this tournament, Egypt were placed in Group C with Cameroon, Zambia, and Sudan. Egypt beat Cameroon 4–2, won against Libya by a score of 3–0, but drew 1–1 against Zambia. Egypt entered the quarter-finals as the group leader. In the quarter-final, Egypt faced and beat Angola 2–1. Then, Egypt advanced to the semi-finals to face the Ivory Coast. The last time they faced each other was in the 2006 final, in which Egypt won the game, claiming their fifth title. In the semi-finals, Egypt were victorious, beating Ivory Coast 1–4. Egypt advanced to the finals to face the Cameroonians. In this game, Egypt won 0–1 thanks to a goal from Mohamed Aboutrika, helping Egypt win their sixth title.[27] This also marked Egypt winning two consecutive Africa Cup of Nations.

In the 2010 Africa Cup of Nations, in Angola, Egypt qualified for the tournament. Egypt were in Group C with Nigeria, Benin, and Mozambique. Egypt won their three group stage games, thus advancing to the quarter-finals, to face Cameroon. In this match, Egypt won 3–1 after extra time, thus eliminating the Cameroonian team. In the semi-finals, they faced Algeria, in which Egypt won 4–0, making Egypt go to the final for the third consecutive time. In the final, Egypt faced Ghana. In this game, Egypt won 1–0 against Ghana, with the goal scorer being Gedo. This led Egypt to their seventh title, win their third consecutive cup, become the first nation to win three consecutive Africa Cup of Nations titles, becoming the most successful team in this tournament.[28]

However, for the 2012 Africa Cup of Nations in Gabon and Equatorial Guinea, even though Egypt were the defending champions, they failed to qualify. After the Port Said Stadium riot which caused the deaths of 74 people, the Egyptian government shut down the domestic league for two years, which affected the Egyptian national team,[29] resulting in their failure to qualify for the 2013 Africa Cup of Nations. For the third consecutive time, Egypt failed to qualify for the Africa Cup of Nations, this time in Equatorial Guinea in 2015.

For the 2017 Africa Cup of Nations, which was hosted in Gabon, Egypt had to qualify to enter. Egypt were seeded into Group G with Nigeria, Tanzania, and Chad. In their first game, against Tanzania, Egypt won 3–0. This made Egypt joint group leader by goal difference with Nigeria, with both nations having won their first game.[30] On 4 June 2016, in their qualifying away match against Tanzania, Egypt won 2–0 and managed to secure their berth in the 2017 edition of the championship. This marked Egypt's return to the competition after 7 years having missed out on the previous 3 editions.

In Gabon, Egypt registered a 0–0 draw against Mali in their first match in Group D.[31] Successive 1–0 wins against Uganda and Ghana saw the Pharaohs qualify to the quarter-finals as group winners.[32][33] Egypt faced Morocco at the quarter-final stage, and defeated their North Africa rivals for the first time in 31 years to set up a semi-final clash with Burkina Faso.[34] Mohamed Salah's goal against the Stallions was canceled out by an Aristide Bancé strike; however, veteran goalkeeper Essam El Hadary saved two spot-kicks in the penalty shootout to earn a spot in the final for his team.[35] Egypt then faced for the third time at this stage Cameroon, hoping for history to repeat itself for an 8th title. Egypt opened the score before the break thanks to Arsenal's midfielder Elneny. However, Cameroon stepped up its game in the second half and Nicolas Nkoulou scored the equalizer before Vincent Aboubakar scored the second goal in the last minutes. For the second time in its history Egypt lost an AFCON final, and for the first time lost a final to their rival Cameroon.

In the 2019 Africa Cup of Nations at the Egyptian home turf, Egypt was surprisingly knocked out by South Africa in the round of 16, despite three wins in the group stage. The Mexican head coach Javier Aguirre was later sacked along with the whole technical and administrative staff of the national team as well.[36]

FIFA World CupEdit

 
Egypt national team at the 2018 FIFA World Cup in Russia

Egypt has qualified for the FIFA World Cup three times: in 1934, in 1990 and for the 2018 editions. Egypt was the first African country to qualify for the World Cup. The time it took Egypt to qualify for two successive tournaments (56 years between 1934 and 1990) is a World Cup Record that is shared only with Norway (1938 and 1994).

After beating Mandatory Palestine, Egypt qualified for their first World Cup. It lost to Hungary 4–2 in their first and only match in 1934. This still remains as their best World Cup in terms of ranking, since they were only 16 countries and no group stage.

In 1990, Egypt qualified after beating Algeria 1–0 in the playoffs. They were drawn in Group F, with Ireland, England and the Netherlands. Since the Egyptians favored defensive tactics, they scored only one goal in the 1990 World Cup, scored by Magdi Abdelghani through a penalty. This made him the first African player to score a penalty kick in the World Cup. A 1–1 draw with European Champions; Netherlands gave the Egyptians their first point in the World Cup. They then drew again, this time goalless, with Ireland, in what is considered one of the most boring World Cup games ever. While the Egyptians needed just another draw to progress to the next round, they lost 1–0 to England.

On 8 October 2017, Egypt qualified for the 2018 World Cup after a 2–1 win over Congo.[37] The two goals were scored by Mohamed Salah with the second one in a dramatic last-minute penalty.

In the 2018 World Cup, Egypt was drawn with Saudi Arabia, Uruguay and the hosts, Russia. They started their first game against Uruguay, without their talisman Salah, who was injured in the UEFA Champions League final with Liverpool against Real Madrid. Egypt's team built a strong defense with only a few counterattacks. The first half was a boring, goalless draw. In the second half, things were looking good for Uruguay, who had more goal-scoring chances, however, El Shenawy made several key saves including a strong kick from Cavani. Near the end, Uruguay had gotten a free kick near the goal. But Cavani's shot hit the post. In the 89th minute, right when it seemed the two sides would draw, Jimenez scored a header from a free kick, ruining Egypt's dreams. Due to strong saves by Egypt's goalkeeper, he was voted man of the match but he refused the reward due to the sponsorship by Budweiser.[38]

Against the hosts, Egypt was more optimistic due to Salah being called up as a starter. The first half was quiet strong for Egypt who had higher possession of the ball and made several goal-scoring opportunities, but the first half was goalless. In the second half, Russia scored when El Shenawy's punch went to Roman Zobnin, who kicked very weakly but Ahmed Fathy, who got the ball, attempted to toss the ball outside but scored an own goal right in the corner. This led to Egypt's morale going down, with two more goals coming right after. Mário Fernandes drove into the box before supplying a cut-back from the right for Denis Cheryshev to slot home Russia's second with his left foot. Artem Dzyuba made it 3–0 as he took a lofted ball into the box down on his chest, taking a touch to go past Ali Gabr and finish between El Shenawy's legs with a low shot. Salah won a penalty after he was fouled by Zobnin – although it was only given after a consultation with the video assistant referee as the referee had initially said the offence took place outside the box. Salah scored from the spot to become only the third Egyptian player to score at a World Cup. This was Egypt's first goal in 28 years. Egypt could have been awarded a second penalty but it went unseen by the referee.

Egypt's third and final match in its 2018 campaign was a Red Sea Derby against Saudi Arabia. El Hadary was the starting Goalkeeper in expense of El Shenawy, and thus became the oldest player in the world cup with 45 years and 161 days. In the 22nd minute, Abdallah Said's pass to Salah saw a lob that would score a goal. This was the first non-penalty goal since 1934 and the first time that Egypt had led in a world cup match (excluding Fawzi's hat-trick that was ruled offside by the referee back in 1934.)

Five minutes before the interval Ahmed Fathy was adjudged to have deliberately handled Yasser Al-Shahrani's cross inside the area. El Hadary produced a save to deny Fahad Al-Muwallad but his celebrations were cut short when a second penalty was awarded for Ali Gabr's tug on Al-Muwallad's shirt. Salman Al-Faraj stepped up this time to fire past the goalkeeper and draw his side level. Egypt substitute Kahraba fired straight at Al-Mosailem late on. Salem Al-Dawsari finished a right-footed volley past El Hadary in the closing stages. The second penalty shot was the latest goal scored in the first half in a world cup match since 1966 at 50 minutes and 36 seconds. The second goal, while not a record, was scored at the 95th minute to which the referee ended the match right after.

Hector Cuper, who was criticized due to his defensive strategies against Saudi Arabia, was sacked.[39] The Egyptian Football Association was also criticized due to having its base in Chechnya, a Russian state that has no football history and is far from where Egypt's matches were played.[40] The Egyptian media and the public heavily criticized EFA's management of the team.[41][42][43]

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1   Uruguay 3 3 0 0 5 0 +5 9 Advance to knockout stage
2   Russia (H) 3 2 0 1 8 4 +4 6
3   Saudi Arabia 3 1 0 2 2 7 −5 3
4   Egypt 3 0 0 3 2 6 −4 0
Source: FIFA
Rules for classification: Group stage tiebreakers
(H) Host

PlayersEdit

Current squadEdit

The following players were called up for the 2022 FIFA World Cup qualification matches against Angola and Gabon on 2 and 5 September 2021.
Caps and goals as of 5 September 2021 consequent to the match against Gabon.

No. Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club
1GK Mohamed El Shenawy (1988-12-18) 18 December 1988 (age 32) 24 0   Al Ahly
1GK Mohamed Abou Gabal (1989-01-29) 29 January 1989 (age 32) 1 0   Zamalek

2DF Ahmed Hegazi (1991-01-25) 25 January 1991 (age 30) 64 2   Al-Ittihad
2DF Mohamed Abdel Shafy (1985-07-01) 1 July 1985 (age 36) 53 1   Zamalek
2DF Omar Gaber (1992-01-30) 30 January 1992 (age 29) 29 1   Pyramids
2DF Ali Gabr (1989-01-01) 1 January 1989 (age 32) 27 1   Pyramids
2DF Ayman Ashraf (1991-04-09) 9 April 1991 (age 30) 18 2   Al Ahly
2DF Baher El Mohamady (1996-11-01) 1 November 1996 (age 24) 10 1   Ismaily
2DF Mahmoud Hamdy (1995-06-01) 1 June 1995 (age 26) 7 1   Zamalek
2DF Fatouh (1998-03-22) 22 March 1998 (age 23) 3 0   Zamalek

3MF Abdallah El Said (1985-07-13) 13 July 1985 (age 36) 50 6   Pyramids
3MF Tarek Hamed (1988-10-24) 24 October 1988 (age 32) 44 0   Zamalek
3MF Ramadan Sobhi (1997-01-23) 23 January 1997 (age 24) 30 1   Pyramids
3MF Afsha (1996-12-05) 5 December 1996 (age 24) 10 3   Al Ahly
3MF Zizo (1996-01-10) 10 January 1996 (age 25) 5 0   Zamalek
3MF Hamdy Fathy (1994-10-01) 1 October 1994 (age 26) 6 2   Al Ahly
3MF Hussein El Shahat (1991-09-06) 6 September 1991 (age 30) 10 0   Al Ahly
3MF Amr El Solia (1990-04-02) 2 April 1990 (age 31) 25 0   Al Ahly

4FW Mohamed Salah (captain) (1992-06-15) 15 June 1992 (age 29) 71 45   Liverpool
4FW Kouka (1993-03-05) 5 March 1993 (age 28) 25 5   Konyaspor
4FW Mostafa Mohamed (1997-11-28) 28 November 1997 (age 23) 6 1   Galatasaray
4FW Salah Mohsen (1998-09-01) 1 September 1998 (age 23) 5 1   Al Ahly
4FW Mohamed Sherif (1996-02-04) 4 February 1996 (age 25) 5 2   Al Ahly
4FW Hossam Hassan (1993-09-02) 2 September 1993 (age 28) 2 0   Al Ahly

Recent call-upsEdit

The following players have been called up for the team in the last 12 months.

Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club Latest call-up
GK El-Hany Soliman (1984-11-01) 1 November 1984 (age 36) 24 0   Smouha v.   Qatar, 7 March 2013 PRE

DF Mohamed Hany (1996-01-25) 25 January 1996 (age 25) 7 0   Al Ahly v.   Togo, 14 November 2020 PRE
DF Ahmed Ayman (1994-04-13) 13 April 1994 (age 27) 4 0   Pyramids v.   Togo, 14 November 2020 PRE
DF Mohamed Hamdy (1995-03-15) 15 March 1995 (age 26) 0 0   Pyramids v.   Togo, 14 November 2020 PRE
DF Ahmed Salam (2000-12-30) 30 December 2000 (age 20) 0 0   Hull City training camp, August 2021

MF Mohamed Elneny (1992-07-11) 11 July 1992 (age 29) 79 6   Arsenal v.   Togo, 14 November 2020 PRE
MF Taher Mohamed (1997-03-07) 7 March 1997 (age 24) 1 0   Al Ahly v.   Togo, 14 November 2020 PRE
MF Akram Tawfik (1997-11-08) 8 November 1997 (age 23) 0 0   Al Ahly v.   Togo, 14 November 2020
MF Mostafa Fathi (1994-05-12) 12 May 1994 (age 27) 9 0   Zamalek v.   Togo, 28 March 2017 PRE


INJ Player withdrew from the squad due to an injury.
PRE Preliminary squad / standby.
RET Retired from the national team.
SUS Player suspended from the squad for disciplinary reasons.
WD Player withdrew from the squad for non-injury related reasons.

Coaching staffEdit

Current staffEdit

Position Name Notes
Head coach   Carlos Queiroz
Assistant coach   Roger De Sá[44]
Assistant coach   Diaa El Sayed
Assistant coach   Mohamed Shawky
Goalkeeping coach   Essam El-Hadary
Team doctor   Mohamed Abu El-Ela
Team Manager   Wael Gomaa
Team administrator   Mohamed Salah El-Din

Former managersEdit

  1.   Hussein Hegazi (1920–24)
  2.   James McCrae (1934–36)
  3.   Tewfik Abdullah (1940–44)
  4.   Eric Keen (1947–48)
  5.   Edward Jones (1949–52)
  6.   National Committee – a committee of six former Egypt internationals (1953–54)
  7.   Ljubiša Broćić (1954–55)
  8.   Mourad Fahmy (1955–57)
  9.   Mohamed El-Guindi & Hanafy Bastan (1958)
  10.   Pál Titkos (1959–61)
  11.   Mohamed El-Guindi & Hanafy Bastan (1962)
  12.   Fouad Ahmed Sedki (1963)
  13.   Andrija Pflander (1963–64)[45]
  14.   Kovač (1965)
  15.   Saleh El Wahsh & Kamal El Sabagh (1969–70)
  16.   Dettmar Cramer (1971–74)
  17.   Burkhard Pape (1975–77)
  18.   Dušan Nenković (1977–78)
  19.   Taha Ismail (1978)
  20.   Bundzsák Dezso (1979)
  21.   Fouad Ahmed Sedki (1980)
  22.   Abdel Monem El Hajj (1980)
  23.   Hamada El Sharqawy (1980)
  24.   Karl-Heinz Heddergott (1982–84)
  25.   Saleh El Wahsh (1984)
  26.   Mike Smith (1985–88)
  27.   Mahmoud El Gohary (1988–90)
  28.   Dietrich Weise (1990–91)
  29.   Mahmoud Saad (1992)
  30.   Mahmoud El Gohary (1992)
  31.   Mohamed Shehta (1993)
  32.   Mircea Rădulescu (1993–94)
  33.   Taha Ismail (1994)
  34.   Nol de Ruiter (1994–95)
  35.   Mohsen Saleh (1995)
  36.   Ruud Krol (1996)
  37.   Farouk Gaafar (1996–1997)
  38.   Mahmoud El Gohary (1997–99)
  39.   Gerard Gili (1999–00)
  40.   Mahmoud El Gohary (2000–02)
  41.   Mohsen Saleh (2002–04)
  42.   Marco Tardelli (2004–05)
  43.   Hassan Shehata (2004–11)
  44.   Bob Bradley (2011–13)
  45.   Shawky Gharieb (2013–14)
  46.   Héctor Cúper (2015–18)
  47.   Javier Aguirre (2018–19)
  48.   Hossam El Badry (2019–21)
  49.   Carlos Queiroz (2021– )

Source: Egyptian National Team Coaches

Kits and crestsEdit

The Egypt national football team's Home color is red, away is white and third is green.

Kit suppliersEdit

Kit supplier Period Notes
  Adidas 1990–1995
  Venecia 1995–1998
  Puma 1999–2004
  Adidas 2004–2006
  Puma 2006–2012
  Adidas 2012–2019
  Puma 2019–

All-time resultsEdit

The following table shows Egypt's all-time international record, correct as of 1 January 2021.

Against Played Won Drawn Lost GF GA
Total 679 329 157 177 1104 699

Egypt - Historical results

Results and fixturesEdit

Matches played in last 12 months, as well as any future scheduled matches.

2021Edit

25 March 2021 (2021-03-25) 2021 Africa Cup of Nations qualification Group G Kenya   1–1   Egypt Nairobi, Kenya
19:00 EAT (UTC+3)
Report
Stadium: Nyayo National Stadium
Referee: Thando Ndzandzeka (South Africa)
29 March 2021 (2021-03-29) 2021 Africa Cup of Nations qualification Group G Egypt   4–0   Comoros Cairo, Egypt
18:00 CAT (UTC+2)
Report Stadium: Cairo International Stadium
Referee: Boubou Traore (Mali)
1 September 2021 2022 FIFA World Cup qualification Group F Egypt   1-0   Angola Cairo, Egypt
22:00 CAT (UTC+2) Report Stadium: 30 June Stadium
Referee: Boubou Traore (Mali)
5 September 2021 2022 FIFA World Cup qualification Group F Gabon   1–1   Egypt Franceville, Gabon
20:00 WAT (UTC+1)
Report
Stadium: Stade de Franceville
Referee: Bakary Gassama (Gambia)
30 September 2021 Friendly Egypt   v   Liberia
--:-- CAT (UTC+2)
6 October 2021 2022 FIFA World Cup qualification Group F Egypt   v   Libya
--:-- CAT (UTC+2)
10 October 2021 2022 FIFA World Cup qualification Group F Libya   v   Egypt
--:-- CAT (UTC+2)
11 November 2021 2022 FIFA World Cup qualification Group F Angola   v   Egypt
--:-- WAT (UTC+1)
14 November 2021 2022 FIFA World Cup qualification Group F Egypt   v   Gabon
--:-- CAT (UTC+2)
1 December 2021 2021 FIFA Arab Cup Group D Egypt   v   Lebanon
--:-- AST (UTC+3)
4 December 2021 2021 FIFA Arab Cup Group D Sudan   v   Egypt
--:-- AST (UTC+3)
7 December 2021 2021 FIFA Arab Cup Group D Algeria   v   Egypt
--:-- AST (UTC+3)

RecordsEdit

As of 29 March 2021[46]
Players in bold are still active with Egypt.

Team recordsEdit

In 2017, Egypt set a new record of 24 consecutive Africa Cup of Nations matches played without defeat, dating back to their last tournament appearance in 2010. During this run, Egypt also reached a record nine consecutive wins in AFCON matches after beating Ghana in the 2010 final, while becoming the first team to win three consecutive AFCON titles. The unbeaten run came to an end on 5 February 2017, after Egypt lost 1–2 to Cameroon in the 2017 final.

Competitive recordsEdit

FIFA World CupEdit

FIFA World Cup record FIFA World Cup Qualification record
Year Round Position Pld W D L GF GA Squad Pld W D L GF GA
  1930 Did not enter
  1934 Round of 16 13th 1 0 0 1 2 4 Squad 2 2 0 0 11 2
  1938 Withdrew
  1950 Did not enter
  1954 Did not qualify 2 0 0 2 2 7
  1958 Withdrew
  1962
  1966
  1970 Did not enter
  1974 Did not qualify 2 1 0 1 2 3
  1978 10 6 2 2 15 11
  1982 2 0 1 1 0 1
  1986 6 3 2 1 3 4
  1990 Group stage 20th 3 0 2 1 1 2 Squad 8 4 3 1 7 2
  1994 Did not qualify 6 3 2 1 9 3
  1998 6 3 1 2 15 5
    2002 10 5 4 1 22 9
  2006 10 5 2 3 26 15
  2010 13 9 1 3 22 7
  2014 8 7 0 1 19 14
  2018 Group stage 31st 3 0 0 3 2 6 Squad 8 5 1 2 12 5
  2022 To be determined 0 0 0 0 0 0
    2026 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total Round of 16 3/21 7 0 2 5 5 12 89 51 18 20 161 85

Africa Cup of NationsEdit

Africa Cup of Nations record Africa Cup of Nations qualification record
Year Round Position Pld W D* L GF GA Squad Pld W D L GF GA
  1957 Champions 1st 2 2 0 0 6 1 Squad No Qualification
  1959 Champions 1st 2 2 0 0 6 1 Squad No Qualification
  1962 Runners-up 2nd 2 1 0 1 4 5 Squad Qualified as defending champions
  1963 Semi-finals 3rd 3 2 1 0 11 5 Squad
  1965 Withdrew after qualifying
  1968 Withdrew 3 2 1 0 6 4
  1970 Semi-finals 3rd 5 3 1 1 10 5 Squad 2 1 1 0 2 1
  1972 Did not qualify 4 3 0 1 6 6
  1974 Semi-finals 3rd 5 4 0 1 13 5 Squad Qualified as hosts
  1976 Semi-finals 4th 6 1 2 3 9 12 Squad 4 3 1 0 11 3
  1978 Did not qualify 2 0 1 1 4 5
  1980 Semi-finals 4th 5 2 1 2 6 7 Squad 2 1 0 1 4 3
  1982 Withdrew 2 2 0 0 7 3
  1984 Semi-finals 4th 5 2 2 1 6 6 Squad 4 2 1 1 3 2
  1986 Champions 1st 5 3 1 1 5 1 Squad Qualified as hosts
  1988 Group stage 6th 3 1 1 1 3 1 Squad Qualified as defending champions
  1990 Group stage 8th 3 0 0 3 1 6 Squad 4 2 1 1 8 2
  1992 Group stage 11th 2 0 0 2 0 2 Squad 6 3 3 0 13 5
  1994 Quarter-finals 5th 3 1 1 1 4 1 Squad 6 2 2 2 6 5
  1996 Quarter-finals 7th 4 2 0 2 5 6 Squad 10 6 3 1 24 5
  1998 Champions 1st 6 4 1 1 10 1 Squad 6 2 3 1 12 4
    2000 Quarter-finals 5th 4 3 0 1 7 3 Squad Qualified as defending champions
  2002 Quarter-finals 6th 4 2 0 2 3 3 Squad 6 4 1 1 11 6
  2004 Group stage 9th 3 1 1 1 3 3 Squad 4 3 0 1 14 1
  2006 Champions 1st 6 4 2 0 12 3 Squad Qualified as hosts
  2008 Champions 1st 6 5 1 0 15 5 Squad 6 3 3 0 9 2
  2010 Champions 1st 6 6 0 0 15 2 Squad 13 9 1 3 22 7
    2012 Did not qualify 6 1 2 3 5 5
  2013 2 0 1 1 3 4
  2015 6 2 0 4 5 6
  2017 Runners-up 2nd 6 3 2 1 5 3 Squad 4 3 1 0 7 1
  2019 Round of 16 10th 4 3 0 1 5 1 Squad 6 4 1 1 16 5
  2021 Qualified 6 3 3 0 10 3
  2023 To be determined To be determined
  2025
Total 7 Titles 25/33 100 57 17 26 164 88 113 61 29 23 207 87

FIFA Confederations CupEdit

Egypt appeared in two of the ten FIFA Confederations Cups contested, being eliminated in the group stage on both occasions. Egypt's first Confederations Cup appearance was in 1999 as a result of winning the Africa Cup of Nations in 1998. The second appearance was in 2009 as the Africa Cup of Nations winners in 2008. During the second appearance, the team achieved their first win over Italy, defeating them 1–0 in the second match of the group stage.

FIFA Confederations Cup record
Year Round Position Pld W D L GF GA Squad
  1992 Did not qualify
  1995
  1997
  1999 Group stage 7th 3 0 2 1 5 9 Squad
    2001 Did not qualify
  2003
  2005
  2009 Group stage 6th 3 1 0 2 4 7 Squad
  2013 Did not qualify
  2017
Total Group stage 2/10 6 1 2 3 9 16

FIFA Arab CupEdit

FIFA Arab Cup record
Year Round Position Pld W D L GF GA Squad
  1963 Did not enter
  1964
  1966
  1985
  1988 Semi-final 3rd 6 3 2 1 6 0 Squad
  1992 Champions 1st 4 3 1 0 5 3 Squad
  1998 Group Stage 10th 2 1 0 1 3 5 Squad
  2002 Did not enter
  2012 Group Stage 7th 3 0 2 1 3 4 Squad
  2021 Qualified
Total 1 Title 4/9 15 7 5 3 17 12

Pan Arab GamesEdit

Pan Arab Games record
Year Round Position Pld W D L GF GA
  1953
Champions 1st 3 3 0 0 22 3
  1957
Did not enter
  1961
  1965
Champions 1st 6 6 0 0 30 2
  1976
Did not enter
  1985
  1997
  1999
  2007
Champions 1st 4 3 1 0 10 1
  2011
Did not enter
Total 3 Titles 3/10 13 12 1 0 62 6

Olympic Games recordEdit

Football at the Olympic Games
Appearances: 12 Qualified : 14
Year/Host Round Pld W D L GF GA Pld W D L GF GA
  Athens 1896 No football tournament
  Paris 1900 -   Stockholm 1912 Did Not Participate
  Antwerp 1920 First round 1 0 0 1 1 2 No Qualification
  Paris 1924 Quarter-final 2 1 0 1 3 5
  Amsterdam 1928 Fourth Place 4 2 0 2 12 19
  Los Angeles 1932 No football tournament
  Berlin 1936 First Round 1 0 0 1 1 3 No Qualification
  London 1948 First Round 1 0 0 1 1 3
  Helsinki 1952 First Round 2 1 0 1 6 7
  Melbourne 1956 Withdrew from Finals 2 2 0 0 9 3
  Roma 1960 First Round 3 0 1 2 4 11 4 3 0 1 11 5
  Tokyo 1964 Fourth Place 6 2 1 3 18 16 4 3 1 0 14 6
  Mexico 1968 Withdrew from Qualifiers
  Munich 1972 Did Not Qualify 2 1 0 1 2 3
  Montreal 1976 2 0 1 1 1 2
  Moscow 1980 Withdrew from Finals 4 1 3 0 7 4
  Los Angeles 1984 Quarter-final 4 1 1 2 5 5 6 3 2 1 6 3
  Seoul 1988 Did Not Qualify 4 2 1 1 7 2
Total 9/19 24 7 3 14 51 71 28 15 8 5 57 28
  Barcelona 1992 First Round 3 1 0 2 5 6 6 4 2 0 11 3
  Atlanta 1996 Did Not Qualify 4 2 1 1 5 4
  Sydney 2000 8 4 3 1 15 9
  Athens 2004 6 0 0 6 1 13
  Beijing 2008 4 1 2 1 6 4
  London 2012 Quarter-final 4 1 1 2 6 8 9 5 1 3 12 6
  Rio de Janeiro 2016 Did Not Qualify 1 1 0 0 4 0
  Tokyo 2020 Qualified
Total 2/6 7 2 1 4 11 14 37 16 9 12 54 39

All-Africa Games recordEdit

All-Africa Games
Appearances: 7
Year/Host Round Pld W D L GF GA
  Brazzaville 1965 Did not qualify - - - - - -
  Lagos 1973 Bronze Medal 5 3 0 2 12 12
  Algiers 1978 Withdrew after Round 1 3 2 1 0 6 2
  Nairobi 1987 Gold Medal 5 3 1 1 7 5
  Cairo 1991 Fifth Place 4 1 1 2 5 6
  Harare 1995 Gold Medal 5 4 0 1 8 3
  Johannesburg 1999 Didn't qualify
  Abuja 2003 Group Stage 3 0 0 3 2 6
  Algiers 2007 Group Stage 3 0 0 3 4 8
  Maputo 2011 Withdrew - - - - - -
  Brazzaville 2015 Withdrew - - - - - -
Total 7/11 28 13 3 12 44 39

Palestine Cup of NationsEdit

African GamesEdit

Football at the African Games has been an under-23 tournament since 1991.
African Games
Appearances: 3
Year/Host Round Pld W D L GF GA Pld W D L GF GA
  Brazzaville 1965 Did not qualify 2 1 0 1 5 8
  Lagos 1973 Bronze medalists 5 3 0 2 12 12 3 2 1 0 7 4
  Algiers 1978 Withdrew during tournament 3 2 1 0 6 2 2 2 0 0 5 0
  Nairobi 1987 Winners 5 3 1 1 6 4 2 2 0 0 10 2
Total 1 title 13 8 2 3 24 18 9 7 1 1 27 14

HonoursEdit

African competitionsEdit

Winners:   1957,   1959,   1986,   1998,   2006,   2008,   2010 (Most successful team)
Runners-up:   1962,   2017
Third place:   1963,   1970,   1974
Fourth place: 1976, 1980, 1984
Champions:   1987,   1995
Third place:   1973
Runners-up:   1988, 2007

Arabic competitionsEdit

Champions:   1953,   1965,   1992*,   2007 (Most successful team)
Runners-up:   1961
Champions:   1992*
Third Place:   1988
Champions:   1972,   1975 (Most successful team)

Note: * The 1992 edition organised as part of the Pan Arab Games, and also counted as Arab Cup.

Other competitionsEdit

Mediterranean Games

Champions:   1955
Silver Medalist:   1951
Bronze Medalist:   1983

7th November Cup

  •   Runner-up 1993

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b Matches against UAE and Morocco (in 1988), Kuwait (in 1989), Mali (twice in 1994) and Ghana (in 1997) are not considered full internationals by FIFA but they are recognised by the Egyptian FA.[47]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking". FIFA. 16 September 2021. Retrieved 16 September 2021.
  2. ^ Elo rankings change compared to one year ago. "World Football Elo Ratings". eloratings.net. 10 September 2021. Retrieved 10 September 2021.
  3. ^ "African Nations Cup 1957". www.rsssf.com.
  4. ^ "African Nations Cup 1959". www.rsssf.com.
  5. ^ "African Nations Cup 1962". www.rsssf.com.
  6. ^ "African Nations Cup 1963". www.rsssf.com.
  7. ^ "African Nations Cup 1965". www.rsssf.com.
  8. ^ "African Nations Cup 1968". www.rsssf.com.
  9. ^ "African Nations Cup 1970". www.rsssf.com.
  10. ^ "African Nations Cup 1972". www.rsssf.com.
  11. ^ "African Nations Cup 1974". www.rsssf.com.
  12. ^ "African Nations Cup 1976". www.rsssf.com.
  13. ^ "African Nations Cup 1978". www.rsssf.com.
  14. ^ "African Nations Cup 1980". www.rsssf.com.
  15. ^ "African Nations Cup 1982". www.rsssf.com.
  16. ^ "African Nations Cup 1984". www.rsssf.com.
  17. ^ "African Nations Cup 1986". www.rsssf.com.
  18. ^ "African Nations Cup 1990". www.rsssf.com.
  19. ^ a b "African Nations Cup 1992". www.rsssf.com.
  20. ^ "African Nations Cup 1994". www.rsssf.com.
  21. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 January 2010. Retrieved 23 May 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  22. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 16 May 2009.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  23. ^ "African Nations Cup 2000 - Final Tournament Details". www.rsssf.com.
  24. ^ "African Nations Cup 2002 - Final Tournament Details". www.rsssf.com.
  25. ^ "African Nations Cup 2004". www.rsssf.com.
  26. ^ "African Nations Cup 2006". www.rsssf.com.
  27. ^ Football, CAF-Confedération Africaine du. "CAFOnline.com". CAFOnline.com.
  28. ^ "Egypt win Africa Cup of Nations for record third consecutive time". The Guardian. 31 January 2010.
  29. ^ Government ban 'threatens future of Egyptian football, 16 July 2012
  30. ^ http://www.cafonline.com/en-us/competitions/qcan2017/home[dead link]
  31. ^ "El Hadary made history as Mali held Egypt to goalless draw". 18 January 2017.
  32. ^ "Late Abdallah El Said goal eliminates Uganda from AFCON". 21 January 2017.
  33. ^ "Egypt beat Ghana to reach quarter-finals as group winners". 25 January 2017.
  34. ^ "Kahraba strikes late as Egypt beat Morocco, reach AFCON semis". 29 January 2017.
  35. ^ "El Hadary's heroics send Egypt to AFCON 2017 final". 2 February 2017.
  36. ^ "Egypt sack Javier Aguirre after defeat to South Africa in Africa Cup of Nations last 16". Sky Sports. 7 July 2019.
  37. ^ "Mohamed Salah brace sends Egypt to Russia". AfricanFootball.com. 8 October 2017. Retrieved 10 October 2017.
  38. ^ "FIFA changes its protocol of "Man of the Match" award following Egyptian goalkeeper's refusal to accept it". Egypt Independent. 22 June 2018. Retrieved 9 July 2019.
  39. ^ "Egypt part ways with head coach Hector Cuper". Retrieved 5 July 2018.
  40. ^ Zidan, Karim. "The Egyptian Football Association Turned Mo Salah's World Cup Into An Embarrassing Disaster". Deadspin. Retrieved 5 July 2018.
  41. ^ "Egypt to Investigate Egyptian Football Association's 'Failures' at World Cup | Egyptian Streets". Retrieved 5 July 2018.
  42. ^ "Op-ed review: Blaming EFA, bad management for Egypt's 'humiliating' World Cup defeat, exit - Daily News Egypt". Daily News Egypt. 27 June 2018. Retrieved 5 July 2018.
  43. ^ Dorsey, James M. "Egyptian Soccer Focuses on Corruption Rather Than Performance". Bleacher Report. Retrieved 5 July 2018.
  44. ^ "Former Bafana boss Carlos Queiroz recruits Roger De Sa for Egypt gig". News24.
  45. ^ Book: "This is Yugoslavia: World Cup France 98" pag. 12
  46. ^ Hazem Adel. "Egypt – Record International Players". RSSSF. Retrieved 13 September 2013.
  47. ^ "Hossam Hassan – Century of International Appearances". RSSSF. 30 July 2020. Retrieved 18 August 2020.

External linksEdit