DR Congo national football team

The DR Congo national football team, recognised by FIFA as Congo DR (formerly known as Zaire, alternatively known as Congo-Kinshasa), represents the Democratic Republic of the Congo in men's international football and it is controlled by the Congolese Association Football Federation. They are nicknamed the Leopards.[3] The team is a member of FIFA and the Confederation of African Football (CAF).

Congo DR
Shirt badge/Association crest
Nickname(s)The Leopards
AssociationFédération Congolaise de Football-Association (FECOFA)
ConfederationCAF (Africa)
Sub-confederationUNIFFAC (Central Africa)
Head coachSébastien Desabre
CaptainMarcel Tisserand
Most capsIssama Mpeko (76)
Top scorerDieumerci Mbokani (22)
Home stadiumStade des Martyrs
FIFA codeCOD
First colours
Second colours
FIFA ranking
Current 73 Steady (22 December 2022)[1]
Highest28 (July–August 2017)
Lowest133 (October 2011)
First international
Belgian Congo 3–2 Northern Rhodesia 
(Belgian Congo; Date Unknown 1948)
Biggest win
 DR Congo 10–1 Zambia 
(Kinshasa, Congo DR; 22 November 1969)
Biggest defeat
 Yugoslavia 9–0 Zaire 
(Gelsenkirchen, West Germany; 18 June 1974)
World Cup
Appearances1 (first in 1974)
Best resultGroup stage, 1974
Africa Cup of Nations
Appearances19 (first in 1965)
Best resultChampions, 1968 and 1974
African Nations Championship
Appearances5 (first in 2009)
Best resultChampions, 2009 and 2016

Congo DR have been ranked as high as 28th in the FIFA Rankings. As Zaire they were the first Sub-Saharan African team to qualify for the FIFA World Cup and twice won the Africa Cup of Nations.

HistoryEdit

Early historyEdit

The Congolese Association Football Federation was founded in 1919 when the country was not independent. The team played their first game in 1948 as Belgian Congo against Northern Rhodesia, now Zambia. The team recorded a 3–2 victory at home. DR Congo has been FIFA affiliated since 1962 and has been a member of CAF since 1963. The team's first official match was on 11 April 1963, against Mauritania in the L'Amitié Tournament played in Dakar, Senegal. DR Congo won the match 6–0.[4] The national team appeared in the Africa Cup of Nations for the first time in 1965.

Glory periodEdit

The Democratic Republic of the Congo had its first international success at the 1968 African Cup of Nations held in Ethiopia, beating Ghana 1–0 in the final. The team's biggest ever win came on 22 November 1969 when they recorded a 10–1 home victory against Zambia. Although a handful of Congolese players were playing in Europe (particularly Belgium) during these years, foreign-based players were seldom recalled for international duty; a rare exception was Julien Kialunda who represented Zaire (as the country was by then known) at the 1972 African Cup of Nations while playing for Anderlecht.

The second continental title came at the 1974 African Cup of Nations in Egypt. The Leopards recorded a 2–1 victory against Guinea, another 2–1 victory against rivals Congo and a 4–1 victory against Mauritius. These results carried Zaire through to the semi-finals where they beat hosts Egypt 3–2. In the final, Zaire drew with Zambia 2–2. Therefore, the match was replayed two days later, where Zaire won the game 2–0. Zaire player Ndaye Mulamba was top scorer with nine goals, which remains a record for the tournament. After this, the team returned to Zaire on the Presidential plane, lent to them by Mobutu Sese Seko.

Zaire were the first Sub-Saharan African team to participate in a World Cup, qualifying for the 1974 tournament in place of the 1970 participant Morocco, whom they defeated in the decisive qualifier 3–0 in Kinshasa.[5] Such was the desire to foster an identity of Zaire as a global player that Mobutu paid for advertising hoardings at the World Cup to display messages such as ‘Zaire-Peace’ and ‘Go to Zaire’.[6] At the tournament itself, Zaire did not manage to score any goals and lost all of its games, but gave credible performances against Scotland and Brazil. However, their 9–0 loss against Yugoslavia remains one of the worst World Cup defeats. A bizarre moment came in the match versus Brazil; facing a free-kick 25 yards out, defender Mwepu Ilunga, upon hearing the referee blow his whistle, ran out of the Zaire wall and kicked the ball upfield, for which he received a yellow card. This was voted the 17th greatest World Cup moment in a Channel 4 poll.[7] Ilunga has stated that he was quite aware of the rules and was hoping to convince the referee to send him off. The intended red card would have been a protest against his country's authorities, who were alleged to be depriving the players of their earnings.[8] Many contemporary commentators instead held it to be an example of African football's "naïvety and indiscipline".[9]

Crisis periodEdit

 
Zaire versus Brazil in the 1974 World Cup
 
Zaire versus Scotland in 1974 World Cup

After winning the 1974 African Cup of Nations and participating in the 1974 World Cup, the team was eliminated in the first round of the 1976 African Cup of Nations after recording a draw and two losses in the group stage. Morocco went on to win the tournament. From 1978 to 1986, the country did not qualify for the African Cup of Nations, while not participating in qualification for the 1978 World Cup and 1986 World Cup. In the 1988 African Cup of Nations, Zaire finished last in their group despite having two draws.

Return to successEdit

From 1992 to 1996, Zaire, reached three consecutive African Cup of Nations quarter-finals. In 1992 and 1994, they were beaten by Nigeria, and in 1996 they were beaten by Ghana. In 1997, the country returned to its former name of Democratic Republic of the Congo, and the national team was re-branded as the Simbas, a nickname that stuck for the next nine years.[10] DR Congo played their first game on 8 June 1997 in Pointe-Noire which ended in a 1–0 loss to the Republic of the Congo. At the 1998 African Cup of Nations, DR Congo, led by Louis Watunda, surprisingly took third place, beating Cameroon in the quarter-finals and hosts Burkina Faso 4–1 on penalties in their last match after scoring three late goals to tie the encounter 4–4.

At the 2000 African Cup of Nations, the team finished third in their group, and in 2002 were eliminated in the quarter-finals by Senegal. Then, in 2004, DR Congo were eliminated after three straight defeats in the group stages. In 2006, led by Claude Le Roy, having finished second in the group behind Cameroon, the Congolese were eliminated in the quarter-finals by Egypt 4–1.

StrugglesEdit

DR Congo were drawn in group 10 for qualifications for the 2008 African Cup of Nations, along with Libya, Namibia and Ethiopia. Before the last match day, the Congolese led the group, but they drew 1–1 with Libya in their final match while Namibia beat Ethiopia 3–2. This sent Namibia through to the Finals, while the Leopards were eliminated. DR Congo also failed to qualify for the 2010 World Cup. In 2009, DR Congo won the 2009 African Championship of Nations, a competition reserved to players in domestic leagues, a tournament they would again win in 2016. DR Congo reached the 2013 Africa Cup of Nations finals in South Africa but were knocked out in the group stages after drawing all three matches.

The Ibengé era: rise and near World Cup missEdit

In the 2015 Africa Cup of Nations, DR Congo again drew all three group matches but this time finished second in the group behind Tunisia, and therefore advanced to the quarter-finals to play their rivals Republic of Congo, a match in which the Leopards came from two goals down to win 4–2. However, they were knocked out by the Ivory Coast 3–1 in the semi-finals. They ended up finishing third, beating Equatorial Guinea on penalties, after the third place match finished 0–0 in regulation time.

DR Congo under Ibengé improved radically and had an outstanding performance for many decades in a World Cup qualification. During the 2018 FIFA World Cup qualification, DR Congo was grouped with Libya, Tunisia and Guinea. DR Congo managed an outstanding performance, beating Libya and Guinea home and away, but missed the chance after losing 1–2 to eventual World Cup qualifier Tunisia in Tunis and drew 2–2 at home to the same opponent.

Recent schedule and resultsEdit

The following is a list of match results from the previous 12 months, as well as any future matches that have been scheduled.

  Win   Draw   Loss   Postponed

2022Edit

1 February Friendly Bahrain   1–0   DR Congo Riffa, Bahrain
  • H.S. Isa   48'
Report Stadium: Bahrain National Stadium
Referee: Ahmed Eisa Mohamed (United Arab Emirates)
29 March 2022 World Cup qualification 2nd Leg Morocco   4–1
(5–2 agg.)
  DR Congo Casablanca, Morocco
Report
Stadium: Stade Mohamed V
Referee: Pacifique Ndabihawenimana (Burundi)
26 May Friendly Ukraine   Cancelled   DR Congo Slovenia
4 June 2023 AFCON qualification DR Congo   0–1   Gabon Kinshasa, DR Congo
17:00 UTC+1 Report
Stadium: Stade des Martyrs
Referee: Bernard Camille (Seychelles)
8 June 2023 AFCON qualification Sudan   2–1   DR Congo Omdurman, Sudan
21:00 UTC+2
Report
Stadium: Al-Hilal Stadium
Referee: Joshua Bondo (Botswana)
23 September Friendly Burkina Faso   1–0   DR Congo Rabat, Morocco
Report Stadium: Prince Moulay Abdellah Stadium
27 September Friendly Sierra Leone   0–3   DR Congo Rabat, Morocco
Report
Stadium: Prince Moulay Abdellah Stadium

2023Edit

7 January Friendly DR Congo   3–1   Libya
March 2023 AFCON qualification DR Congo   v   Mauritania DR Congo
--:-- UTC+1 Report
March 2023 AFCON qualification Mauritania   v   DR Congo Mauritania
--:-- UTC±0 Report
September 2023 AFCON qualification Gabon   v   DR Congo
September 2023 AFCON qualification DR Congo   v   Sudan

CoachesEdit

PlayersEdit

Current squadEdit

The following players were selected for the friendlies against Burkina Faso and Sierra Leone on 23 and 27 September 2022 respectively.[11]

Caps and goals as of 27 September 2022, after the match against Sierra Leone.[12]

No. Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club
1GK Joël Kiassumbua (1992-04-06) 6 April 1992 (age 30) 23 0   Bellinzona
1GK Baggio Siadi Ngusia (1997-07-21) 21 July 1997 (age 25) 3 0   Mazembe
1GK Lionel Mpasi (1994-08-01) 1 August 1994 (age 28) 2 0   Rodez

2DF Chancel Mbemba (1994-08-08) 8 August 1994 (age 28) 66 4   Marseille
2DF Merveille Bokadi (1996-05-21) 21 May 1996 (age 26) 20 1   Standard Liège
2DF Dieumerci Amale (1998-10-17) 17 October 1998 (age 24) 15 0   Difaâ El Jadidi
2DF Arthur Masuaku (1993-11-07) 7 November 1993 (age 29) 12 1   Beşiktaş
2DF Nathan Fasika (1999-02-28) 28 February 1999 (age 23) 11 1   Cape Town City
2DF Henoc Inonga Baka (1993-11-01) 1 November 1993 (age 29) 4 0   Simba
2DF Sita Luzolo (1997-01-04) 4 January 1997 (age 26) 4 0   Mazembe
2DF Gédéon Kalulu (1997-08-29) 29 August 1997 (age 25) 3 0   Lorient
2DF Issaka Boka (1999-11-20) 20 November 1999 (age 23) 0 0   Lupopo

3MF Neeskens Kebano (1992-03-10) 10 March 1992 (age 30) 33 6   Fulham
3MF Fabrice Ngoma (1994-01-22) 22 January 1994 (age 29) 18 0   Al-Fahaheel
3MF Samuel Moutoussamy (1996-08-12) 12 August 1996 (age 26) 17 0   Nantes
3MF Edo Kayembe (1998-08-03) 3 August 1998 (age 24) 13 1   Watford
3MF Miché Mika (1996-09-16) 16 September 1996 (age 26) 9 0   Mazembe
3MF Yoane Wissa (1996-09-03) 3 September 1996 (age 26) 8 2   Brentford
3MF Samuel Bastien (1996-11-26) 26 November 1996 (age 26) 8 0   Burnley
3MF Mukoko Tonombe (1996-01-16) 16 January 1996 (age 27) 8 0   Young Africans
3MF Makabi Lilepo (1997-07-27) 27 July 1997 (age 25) 5 0   Al-Hilal
3MF Théo Bongonda (1995-11-20) 20 November 1995 (age 27) 3 0   Cadiz

4FW Cédric Bakambu (1991-04-11) 11 April 1991 (age 31) 40 13   Olympiacos
4FW Meschak Elia (1997-08-06) 6 August 1997 (age 25) 25 7   Young Boys
4FW Chadrac Akolo (1995-04-01) 1 April 1995 (age 27) 20 2   St. Gallen
4FW Ben Malango (1993-09-10) 10 September 1993 (age 29) 19 6   Qatar
4FW Jackson Muleka (1999-10-04) 4 October 1999 (age 23) 11 1   Beşiktaş
4FW Chadrack Lukombe (1997-04-14) 14 April 1997 (age 25) 3 0   Berkane
4FW Arnaud Lusamba (1997-01-04) 4 January 1997 (age 26) 2 0   Alanyaspor
4FW Phillippe Kinzumbi (1997-06-30) 30 June 1997 (age 25) 1 0   Mazembe
4FW Silas Katompa Mvumpa (1998-10-06) 6 October 1998 (age 24) 0 0   VfB Stuttgart

Recent call-upsEdit

The following players have also been called up for DR Congo in the last twelve months and are still eligible to represent.

Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club Latest call-up
GK Hervé Lomboto (1989-09-27) 27 September 1989 (age 33) 6 0   Motema Pembe v.   Sudan, 8 June 2022

DF Issama Mpeko (1989-04-30) 30 April 1989 (age 33) 76 1   Mazembe v.   Sudan, 8 June 2022
DF Marcel Tisserand (1993-01-10) 10 January 1993 (age 30) 36 0   Al-Ettifaq v.   Sudan, 8 June 2022
DF Ngonda Muzinga (1994-12-31) 31 December 1994 (age 28) 23 0   Riga v.   Sudan, 8 June 2022
DF Djuma Shabani (1993-03-16) 16 March 1993 (age 29) 3 0   Young Africans v.   Sudan, 8 June 2022
DF Vital N'Simba (1993-07-08) 8 July 1993 (age 29) 1 0   Bordeaux v.   Sudan, 8 June 2022
DF Arsène Zola (1996-02-23) 23 February 1996 (age 26) 1 0   Wydad Casablanca v.   Sudan, 8 June 2022
DF Christian Luyindama (1994-01-08) 8 January 1994 (age 29) 23 0   Antalyaspor v.   Morocco, 29 March 2022
DF Jordan Ikoko (1994-02-03) 3 February 1994 (age 28) 7 0   Ludogorets Razgrad v.   Morocco, 29 March 2022
DF Chris Mavinga (1991-05-26) 26 May 1991 (age 31) 5 0   Toronto v.   Morocco, 29 March 2022
DF Yannick Bangala Litombo (1994-04-12) 12 April 1994 (age 28) 22 0   Young Africans v.   Bahrain, 22 February 2022
DF Fabrice Nsakala (1990-07-21) 21 July 1990 (age 32) 19 0 Free agent v.   Bahrain, 22 February 2022

MF Joel Ngandu Kayamba (1992-04-17) 17 April 1992 (age 30) 7 0   Boluspor v.   Sudan, 8 June 2022
MF Glody Likonza (1998-05-10) 10 May 1998 (age 24) 1 0   Mazembe v.   Sudan, 8 June 2022
MF Kévin Mondeko (1995-09-10) 10 September 1995 (age 27) 1 0   Mazembe v.   Sudan, 8 June 2022
MF Sozé Zemanga (1999-11-17) 17 November 1999 (age 23) 0 0   Mazembe v.   Sudan, 8 June 2022
MF Paul-José M'Poku (1992-04-19) 19 April 1992 (age 30) 22 6 Free agent v.   Morocco, 29 March 2022
MF Gaël Kakuta (1991-06-21) 21 June 1991 (age 31) 13 2   Amiens v.   Morocco, 29 March 2022
MF Pelly Ruddock Mpanzu (1994-03-22) 22 March 1994 (age 28) 2 0   Luton Town v.   Morocco, 29 March 2022
MF Beni Baningime (1998-09-09) 9 September 1998 (age 24) 0 0   Heart of Midlothian v.   Bahrain, 2 February 2022 PRE

FW Jonathan Bolingi (1994-06-30) 30 June 1994 (age 28) 33 9   Buriram United v.   Sudan, 8 June 2022
FW Jonathan Okita (1996-10-05) 5 October 1996 (age 26) 1 0   Zürich v.   Sudan, 8 June 2022
FW Yannick Bolasie (1989-05-24) 24 May 1989 (age 33) 50 9   Çaykur Rizespor v.   Morocco, 29 March 2022
FW Kadima Kabangu (1993-06-15) 15 June 1993 (age 29) 4 0 Free agent v.   Bahrain, 22 February 2022

INJ Player withdrew from the squad due to an injury.
PRE Preliminary squad.
RET Player has retired from international football.
SUS Suspended from the national team.

RecordsEdit

As of 8 June 2022[13]
Players in bold are still active with DR Congo.

Competitive recordEdit

FIFA World CupEdit

FIFA World Cup record FIFA World Cup qualification record
Year Round Position Pld W D* L GF GA Pld W D L GF GA
  1930 Did not enter Declined participation
  1934
  1938
  1950
  1954
  1958
  1962
  1966
  1970
  1974 Group stage 16th 3 0 0 3 0 14 11 8 1 2 20 4
  1978 Withdrew Withdrew
  1982 Did not qualify 4 2 1 1 6 9
  1986 Banned Banned
  1990 Did not qualify 6 2 2 2 7 7
  1994 3 0 1 2 1 3
  1998 8 2 2 4 11 10
    2002 10 4 2 4 17 18
  2006 10 4 4 2 14 10
  2010 6 3 0 3 14 6
  2014 8 3 3 2 11 5
  2018 8 6 1 1 20 10
  2022 8 3 3 2 11 8
      2026 To be determined To be determined
Total Group stage 1/22 3 0 0 3 0 14 82 37 20 25 132 90

Africa Cup of NationsEdit

Africa Cup of Nations
Titles: 2
Appearances: 19
Year Round Position Pld W D* L GF GA
  1957 Part of   Belgium
  1959
  1962 Not affiliated to CAF
  1963
Played as   Congo-Léopoldville
  1965 Group stage 5th 2 0 0 2 2 8
Played as   Congo-Kinshasa
  1968 Champions 1st 5 4 0 1 10 2
  1970 Group stage 7th 3 0 1 2 2 5
Played as   Zaire
  1972 Fourth place 4th 5 1 2 2 9 11
  1974 Champions 1st 6 4 1 1 14 8
  1976 Group stage 7th 3 0 1 2 3 6
  1978 Did not enter
  1980 Did not qualify
  1982
  1984 Withdrew
  1986 Did not qualify
  1988 Group stage 7th 3 0 2 1 2 3
  1990 Did not qualify
  1992 Quarter-finals 6th 3 0 2 1 2 3
  1994 Quarter-finals 7th 3 1 1 1 2 3
  1996 Quarter-finals 8th 3 1 0 2 2 3
Played as   DR Congo
  1998 Third place 3rd 6 3 1 2 10 9
    2000 Group stage 12th 3 0 2 1 0 1
  2002 Quarter-finals 6th 4 1 1 2 3 4
Played as   DR Congo
  2004 Group stage 15th 3 0 0 3 1 6
  2006 Quarter-finals 8th 4 1 1 2 3 6
Played as   DR Congo
  2008 Did not qualify
  2010
    2012
  2013 Group stage 10th 3 0 3 0 3 3
  2015 Third place 3rd 6 1 4 1 7 7
  2017 Quarter-finals 6th 4 2 1 1 7 5
  2019 Round of 16 14th 4 1 1 2 6 6
  2021 Did not qualify
  2023 To be determined
  2025
Total 2 Titles 19/33 73 20 24 29 88 99

African Nations Championship recordEdit

Africa Cup of Nations record African Nations Championship record
Year Round Position Pld W D L GF GA Pld W D L GF GA
  2009 Final Winners 5 3 1 1 7 5 4 3 0 1 7 2
  2011 Quarter-finals 8th 4 1 1 2 3 5 2 1 1 0 3 2
  2014 Quarter-finals 7th 4 2 0 2 3 3 2 1 1 0 2 2
  2016 Final Winners 6 4 1 1 14 7 DR Congo qualified by walkover.
  2018 Did not qualify 2 0 2 0 1 1
  2020 Quarter-finals 4 2 1 1 5 4 2 2 0 0 6 1
  2022 Qualified 2 2 0 0 7 1
Total 2 titles 5/6 23 12 4 7 32 24 12 7 4 1 19 8

African GamesEdit

African Games
Year Result GP W D L GS GA
  1965 Gold 5 3 1 1 11 5
1973-1987 Did not enter
Total 1/4 5 3 1 1 11 5

Head-to-head recordEdit

Including the record of   Zaire. Updated as for 1 February 2022.

Opponent P W D L GF GA W% L%
  Algeria 7 0 4 3 4 10 0 42.86
  Angola 15 8 3 4 22 13 53.33 26.67
  Bahrain 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 100
  Benin 4 3 1 0 10 4 75 0
  Botswana 5 2 3 0 4 0 40 0
  Brazil 1 0 0 1 0 3 0 100
  Burkina Faso[note 1] 11 5 2 4 22 18 45.45 36.36
  Burundi 4 4 0 0 9 3 100 0
  Cameroon 36 11 7 18 32 46 30.56 50
  Cape Verde 3 1 2 0 3 2 33.33 0
  Central African Republic 7 5 1 1 18 5 71.43 14.29
  Chad 1 1 0 0 4 0 100 0
  Congo 38 18 12 8 66 38 47.37 21.05
  Djibouti 4 3 1 0 21 3 75 0
  Egypt 12 1 3 8 13 25 8.33 66.67
  Equatorial Guinea 3 1 1 1 5 2 33.33 33.33
  Eswatini 7 3 1 3 11 6 62.5 12.5
  Ethiopia 6 5 0 1 11 4 83.33 16.67
  Gabon 16 4 8 4 12 15 25 25
  Gambia 3 1 1 1 3 5 33.33 33.33
  Ghana 24 5 6 13 23 40 20.83 54.17
  Guinea 13 5 2 4 12 9 38.46 30.77
  Iraq 2 0 0 2 1 3 0 100
  Ivory Coast 18 5 5 8 27 33 27.78 44.44
  Kenya 12 6 2 4 16 13 50 33.33
  Lesotho 7 3 4 0 17 4 42.86 0
  Liberia 9 4 2 3 15 10 44.44 33.33
  Libya 11 4 5 2 16 10 36.36 18.18
  Madagascar 14 7 3 4 27 15 50 28.57
  Malawi 7 4 2 1 9 6 57.14 14.29
  Mali 10 2 4 4 14 17 20 40
  Mauritania 2 2 0 0 7 0 100 0
  Mauritius 5 5 0 0 16 3 100 0
  Mexico 1 0 0 1 1 2 0 100
  Morocco 14 3 7 4 11 14 21.43 28.57
  Mozambique 7 5 2 0 15 7 71.43 0
  Namibia 3 1 1 1 4 7 33.33 33.33
  Niger 3 1 1 1 3 3 33.33 33.33
  Nigeria 10 4 1 5 16 16 40 50
  North Korea 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
  Oman 1 0 1 0 2 2 0 0
  Qatar 1 0 1 0 2 2 0 0
  Romania 2 0 2 0 2 2 0 0
  Rwanda 5 2 0 3 10 7 40 60
  Saudi Arabia 1 0 0 1 0 2 0 100
  Scotland 1 0 0 1 0 2 0 100
  Serbia[note 2] 1 0 0 1 0 9 0 100
  Senegal 11 3 3 5 12 14 27.27 45.45
  Seychelles 2 2 0 0 7 0 100 0
  Sierra Leone 2 2 0 0 5 1 100 0
  South Africa 6 1 1 4 5 8 16.67 66.67
  Sudan 8 5 2 1 15 8 62.5 12.5
  Tanzania 12 5 4 3 13 10 41.67 25
  Togo 16 12 3 1 40 11 75 6.25
  Tunisia 20 5 4 11 17 27 25 55
  Uganda 13 7 1 5 27 10 53.85 38.46
  Zambia 25 8 10 7 41 33 32 28
  Zimbabwe 8 3 2 3 17 10 37.5 37.5
  1. ^ Includes the results of   Upper Volta.
  2. ^ Includes the results of   Yugoslavia.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking". FIFA. 22 December 2022. Retrieved 22 December 2022.
  2. ^ Elo rankings change compared to one year ago. "World Football Elo Ratings". eloratings.net. 18 December 2022. Retrieved 18 December 2022.
  3. ^ "BBC SPORT | WORLD CUP | History | 1974: Zaire's show of shame". BBC News. 22 May 2002. Retrieved 15 November 2013.
  4. ^ Courtney, Barrie (14 June 2007). "DR Congo (Zaire, Congo-Kinshasa) – List of International matches". FRSSF. Retrieved 10 November 2010.
  5. ^ "Leopards roar to Germany 1974". FIFA.com. Archived from the original on 23 September 2016. Retrieved 21 September 2016.
  6. ^ "More than a game? Mobutu, Sport and Zairian Identity, 1965-1974" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 January 2017. Retrieved 21 September 2016.
  7. ^ "Explore". Channel 4. Retrieved 15 November 2013.
  8. ^ "BBC Sport – Football – Zaire free-kick farce explained". BBC News. 28 May 2010. Retrieved 15 November 2013.
  9. ^ "The Joy of Six: Symbolic reducers, including Roy Keane, Norman Whiteside and Benjamin Massing | Football". London: theguardian.com. 23 July 2007. Retrieved 15 November 2013.
  10. ^ "Football Team Nicknames". topendsports.com. Retrieved 22 September 2016.
  11. ^ "Léopards : La 1ère liste de Sébastien Desabre avec Cédric Bakambu et Arnaud Lusamba sans Marcel Tisserand". 15 September 2022.
  12. ^ "DR Congo 3 - 0 Sierra Leone 27sep22".
  13. ^ Roberto Mamrud. "Congo-Kinshasa – Record International Players". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 May 2018.

External linksEdit