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The CAF African Nations Championship (French: Championnat d'Afrique des Nations, sometimes referred to as African Championship of Nations, CHAN, or Total African Nations Championship for sponsorship reasons) is a football tournament which was first announced on 11 September 2007.[1] It is administered by the Confederation of African Football (CAF) and is played between the best national teams of Africa, exclusively featuring players who are active in the national championships and qualified to play in the ongoing season. Expatriate players, regardless of where they play, even in Africa, are not qualified to take part in the African Championship of Nations.

African Nations Championship
African Nations Championship official logo.png
Founded2009
RegionAfrica (CAF)
Number of teams16
Current championsMorocco Morocco (1st title)
Most successful team(s)Democratic Republic of the Congo DR Congo (2 titles)
Websitewww.cafonline.com

The first tournament was held in 2009. It was hosted by Ivory Coast and won by DR Congo. The competition was expanded to 16 teams for the second tournament, held in Sudan in 2011.[2][3] The tournament was won by Tunisia, in the wake of the Tunisian Revolution.[4]

The tournament is held every even years,[5] alternating with the Africa Cup of Nations.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The creation of the African Nations Championship was a response to the desire to revive or strengthen national competitions regularly weakened by a mass exodus of top players who leave their home countries to play for foreign teams which will pay more and get them more media coverage. Starting from the 2014 edition onwards, all of the matches are recognized by FIFA as first team matches.[6][7]

SponsorshipEdit

In July 2016, Total secured an eight-year sponsorship package from the Confederation of African Football (CAF) to support 10 of its principal competitions.[8] Due to this sponsorship, the African Nations Championship is named "Total African Nations Championship".

QualifyingEdit

The eight tournament spots, for the first edition in 2009, were allocated the following way:

  • One each for North Zone, Zone West A, Zone West B, Centre Zone and Central-East Zone
  • Two for the Southern Zone
  • One for the host country of the final tournament[9]

Since the second edition, in 2011, 16 teams qualify for the tournament, allocated this way (including host country):

  • 2 each for North Zone and Zone West A
  • 3 each for Zone West B, Central Zone, Central-East Zone and Southern Zone[10]

Tournament formatEdit

The group stage of the African Nations Championship features pools of four teams drawn at random. The top two teams from each group advance to the knockout stage.

On 8 March 2009, Democratic Republic of the Congo defeated Ghana 2–0[11] to become the first winner of the tournament.

ResultsEdit

SummariesEdit

Year Host Number of teams Final Third Place Match
Champion Score Second Place Third Place Score Fourth Place
2009
Details
  Ivory Coast 8  
DR Congo
2–0  
Ghana
 
Zambia
2–1  
Senegal
2011
Details
  Sudan 16  
Tunisia
3–0  
Angola
 
Sudan
1–0  
Algeria
2014
Details
  South Africa 16  
Libya
0 – 0
(4–3 pen.)
 
Ghana
 
Nigeria
1–0  
Zimbabwe
2016
Details
  Rwanda 16  
DR Congo
3–0  
Mali
 
Ivory Coast
2–1  
Guinea
2018
Details
  Morocco 16  
Morocco
4–0  
Nigeria
 
Sudan
1 – 1
(4–2 pen.)
 
Libya
2020
Details
  Cameroon 16 Future event Future event
2022
Details
  Algeria[12] TBD Future event Future event

Performance by nationEdit

Team Champions Runners-up Third-place Fourth-place
  DR Congo 2 (2009, 2016)
  Libya 1 (2014) 1 (2018)
  Tunisia 1 (2011) -
  Morocco 1 (2018*)
  Ghana 2 (2009, 2014)
  Nigeria 1 (2018) 1 (2014)
  Angola 1 (2011)
  Mali 1 (2016)
  Sudan 2 (2011*, 2018)
  Ivory Coast 1 (2016)
  Zambia 1 (2009)
  Algeria 1 (2011)
  Guinea 1 (2016)
  Senegal 1 (2009)
  Zimbabwe 1 (2014)

* hosts.

Champions by regionEdit

Federation (Region) Champion(s) Number
UNAF (North Africa) Libya (1), Morocco (1), Tunisia (1) 3 titles
UNIFFAC (Central Africa) DR Congo (2) 2 titles
WAFU (West Africa) None 0 titles
CECAFA (East Africa) None 0 titles
COSAFA (Southern Africa) None 0 titles

Participating nationsEdit

Team  
2009
 
2011
 
2014
 
2016
 
2018
 
2020
 
2022
Years
  Algeria 4th q 1
  Angola 2nd GS QF 3
  Burkina Faso GS GS 2
  Burundi GS 1
  Cameroon QF QF GS q 4
  Congo GS QF 2
  DR Congo 1st QF QF 1st 4
  Ivory Coast GS GS 3rd GS 4
  Equatorial Guinea GS 1
  Ethiopia GS GS 2
  Gabon GS QF GS 3
  Ghana 2nd GS 2nd 3
  Guinea 4th GS 2
  Libya GS 1st 4th 3
  Mali GS QF 2nd 3
  Mauritania GS GS 2
  Morocco QF GS 1st 3
  Mozambique GS 1
  Namibia QF 1
  Niger QF GS 2
  Nigeria 3rd GS 2nd 3
  Rwanda GS QF GS 3
  Senegal 4th GS 2
  South Africa QF GS 2
  Sudan 3rd 3rd 2
  Tanzania GS 1
  Tunisia 1st QF 2
  Uganda GS GS GS GS 4
  Zambia 3rd QF QF 3
  Zimbabwe GS GS 4th GS 4
Total 8 16 16 16 16 16
Legend

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "New tournament for Africa". BBC Sport. 11 September 2007.
  2. ^ Sannie, Ibrahim (28 February 2009). "CAF plans to expand CHAN". BBC Sport. Retrieved 21 May 2009.
  3. ^ "CAF Executive Committee Decisions". Cafonline. 19 September 2009. Archived from the original on 18 December 2008. Retrieved 21 July 2010.
  4. ^ "Tunisia beat Angola in the CHAN final in Sudan". BBC Sport. 25 February 2011. Retrieved 1 March 2011.
  5. ^ "Ghana 'favourites' to host 2018 CHAN after WAFU Nations Cup success". social_image. Retrieved 2017-11-27.
  6. ^ "African Nations Championship in Rwanda gives domestic talent a chance". The Guardian. 15 January 2016. Retrieved 19 June 2016.
  7. ^ "Nigeria 'do not have A and B teams' says Oliseh ahead of Nations Championship". The National. 15 January 2016. Retrieved 19 June 2016.
  8. ^ AfricaNews (2017-04-18). "Total to sponsor CAF competitions for the next eight years". Africanews. Retrieved 2017-04-18.
  9. ^ CAF Online: New Competition launched : African Championship of Nations Archived November 21, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ http://www.cafonline.com/competition/african-nations-championship_2011/qualifiers
  11. ^ "DR Congo lift CHAN trophy". BBC Sport. 8 March 2009.
  12. ^ "Decisions of CAF Executive Commitee [sic] - 27 & 28 September 2018". CAF. 29 September 2018.

External linksEdit