Ghana national football team

The Ghana national football team represents Ghana in men's international football and has done so since the 1950s. The team consists of twenty players including the technical team.[5] The team is nicknamed the Black Stars after the Black Star of Africa in the flag of Ghana. It is governed by the Ghana Football Association (GFA) the governing body for football in Ghana and the oldest football association in Africa (founded in 1920). Prior to 1957, the team played as the Gold Coast. The team is a member of both FIFA and CAF.

Ghana
Nickname(s)Black Stars
AssociationGhana Football Association (GFA)
ConfederationCAF (Africa)
Sub-confederationWAFU (West Africa)
Head coachOtto Addo
CaptainAndré Ayew
Most capsAsamoah Gyan (109)
Top scorerAsamoah Gyan (51)
Home stadiumVarious
FIFA codeGHA
First colours
Second colours
FIFA ranking
Current 60 Steady (25 August 2022)[1]
Highest14 (April–May 2007, February 2008)
Lowest89 (June 2004)
First international
 Gold Coast and United Kingdom British Togoland 1–0 Nigeria 
(Accra, British Gold Coast; 28 May 1950)
Biggest win
 Nyasaland 0–12 Gold Coast 
(Nyasaland; 15 October 1962)
 Nyasaland 0–12 Ghana [2]
(Malawi; 12 December 1965)[2][3]
Biggest defeat
 Bulgaria 10–0 Ghana 
(Leon, Mexico; 2 October 1968)
World Cup
Appearances4 (first in 2006)
Best resultQuarter-finals (2010)
Africa Cup of Nations
Appearances23 (first in 1963)
Best resultChampions (1963, 1965, 1978, 1982)
African Nations Championship
Appearances3 (first in 2009)
Best resultRunners-up (2009, 2014)

Although the team qualified for the senior FIFA World Cup for the first time in 2006, they had qualified for four Olympic Games Football Tournaments when the tournament qualifiers was still a full senior national team competition for African teams; their best achievement was the third position at the 1992 Summer Olympics. The team has won the Africa Cup of Nations four times[6] (in 1963, 1965, 1978, and 1982) and has been runner-up five times (in 1968, 1970, 1992, 2010, and 2015). After going through 2005 unbeaten, the Ghana national football team won the FIFA Best Mover of the Year Award and reached the second round of the 2006 FIFA World Cup. At the 2010 FIFA World Cup in South Africa, they became only the third African team to reach the World Cup quarter-finals, and in 2014 they competed in their third consecutive World Cup.

HistoryEdit

20th centuryEdit

 
Black Stars members in the 1960s pose with some of Ghana's successive international football trophies won.

The Gold Coast Football Association was founded in 1920, succeeded by the Ghana Football Association (GFA) in 1957, which affiliated to Confederation of African Football and FIFA the following year.

On 19 August 1962 at the Accra Sports Stadium, the Black Stars played Spanish giants Real Madrid, who were at the time Spanish champions, former European champions and intercontinental champions, and drew 3–3.[7]

Charles Kumi Gyamfi became coach in 1961, and the Black Stars won successive African Cup of Nations titles, in 1963 and 1965, and achieved their record win, 13–2 away to Kenya, shortly after the second of these. They also reached the final of the tournament in 1968 and 1970, losing 1–0 on each occasion, to DR Congo and Sudan respectively. Their domination of this tournament earned the Black Stars team the nicknames of "the Black Stars of West Africa" and "the Black Stars of Africa" in the 1960s.[8]

The team had no success in FIFA World Cup qualification during this era, and failed to qualify for three successive African Cup of Nations in the 1970s, but qualified for the Olympic Games football tournaments, becoming the first team from sub-Saharan Africa to qualify for the Games,[9] reaching the quarter-finals in 1964 and withdrawing after qualifying in 1976 and 1980, later winning the 1982 African cup of nations. After three failures to reach the tournament final, the 1992 African Cup of Nations saw the Black Stars finish second.

21st century: rise to prominence and declineEdit

Prior to the year 2000, disharmony among the squad which eventually led to parliamentary and executive intervention to settle issues between two squad members, Abedi Pele and Tony Yeboah in the late 1990s, may have played some part in the failure of the team to build on the successes of the national underage teams in the late 1990s, but a new generation of Black Stars players who went to the 2001 FIFA World Youth Championship final became the core of the team at the 2002 African Cup of Nations, and were undefeated for a year in 2005 and reached the finals of the 2006 FIFA World Cup, the first time the team had reached the global stage of the tournament. The Black Stars started by succumbing to a 2–0 defeat to eventual champions Italy, but wins over the Czech Republic (2–0) and the United States (2–1) saw them through to the second round, where they lost 3–0 to Brazil.[10]

 
Black Stars squad line-up prior to match

In 2008, Ghana reached a high ranking of 14 according to the FIFA Men's World Ranking. Under head coach Milovan Rajevac, the Black Stars went on to secure a 100 percent record in their qualification campaign, winning the group and becoming the first African team to qualify for the 2010 FIFA World Cup. In the final tournament, the team competed in Group D with Germany, Serbia and Australia. Ghana reached the round of 16 where they played the United States, winning 2–1 in extra time to become the third African nation to reach the World Cup quarter-finals. The team then lost to Uruguay in a penalty shootout in the quarter-finals, having missed a penalty kick in extra time after what would have been the winning goal to send Ghana to the semi-finals was illegally prevented by Luis Suárez's deliberate handball, who was then shown a red card for his actions.[11]

In 2013 Ghana became the only team in Africa to reach four consecutive semi-finals of the CAF Africa Cup of Nations twice, from 1963 and 1970 and from 2008 and 2013.[12]

Ghana was sufficiently highly ranked by FIFA to start their qualifying for the 2014 World Cup in the Second round. They won the group, and in the following round qualified for the 2014 World Cup finals in November 2013, beating Egypt 7–3 on aggregate in a two-legged play-off.[13] Ghana was drawn in Group G for the finals, where they faced Germany, Portugal, and the United States.[14] The World Cup finals ended up in disappointment as Ghana exited in the group stages without winning a match, and with issues of poor planning and payment bonuses being blamed for the poor performance, (although they did manage a 2–2 draw with eventual champions Germany). Ghana was the only team to not lose to Germany in the tournament.

After the 2014 World Cup, Ghana slowly but steadily entered an era of decline. The final chapter of their heyday was written at the 2015 Africa Cup of Nations, where the Black Stars handily reached the final once more, only to be denied the title on penalties against Ivory Coast. While their 2017 Africa Cup of Nations campaign ended in yet another fourth place finish - the third one in four consecutive editions of the tournament -, they failed to impress in the qualifiers for the 2018 World Cup, finishing behind Egypt and Uganda in their final group. At the 2019 Africa Cup of Nations, the Black Stars once again couldn't reproduce their former prowess, as they were eliminated by Tunisia in the Round of 16. In 2021, Rajevac was brought back in hopes to reawaken Ghana's former glory, but the team ended up reaching a new low at the 2021 Africa Cup of Nations, where they failed to win a single match and lost 2–3 to debutants the Comoros after an André Ayew red card to finish bottom of their group and thus fail to progress beyond the group stage for the first time since 2006.

Despite the Africa Cup of Nations being a flop, Ghana drew 0–0 vs Nigeria and drew 1–1 in Nigeria to qualify for the 2022 FIFA World Cup on the away goals rule.[15]

Team imageEdit

Kits and crestEdit

 
Ghana home shirt: 1970s–1980s

The black star is present on the Flag of Ghana and national coat of arms in the centre of the national crest. Adopted following the independence of Ghana in 1957, the black star has always been included in its kits. The

 
Ghana national football team (Black Stars) badge and national anthem

Black Stars' kits were sponsored by Puma SE from 2005, with the deal ending in 2014.[16]

The Black Star kit is used instead of the original gold, green, and red coloured football kit based on the colors of the Ghana national flag. The Black Stars have used an all-white and partly black football kit which was worn from the years 1957 to 1989 and again from 2006 until December 2014.

Between 1990 and 2006 the Ghana national three team used the kit in the colours of the national flag of Ghana, with gold, green and red used extensively, as in the team's crest and also known as the Pan-African colours. The gold with green and red kit concept and design was also used in the sixties and seventies, and designed with gold and green vertical stripes and red shoulders. An all black second kit was introduced in 2008 and in 2015, Black Stars' gold-red-green coloured kit and all black coloured kit is to be reassigned to the position of 1st and 2nd kits following the induction of a brown with blue and gold coloured Black Stars 3rd kit in 2012.[17][18]

The Ghana national football team's football kit for the 2014 FIFA World Cup was ranked as the best kit of the tournament by BuzzFeed.[19]

Black Stars 2008 Africa Cup of Nations 1st and 2nd kits

Kit suppliersEdit

Kit supplier Period
  Erima 1991–1992
  Adidas 1992–2000
  Kappa 2000–2005
  Puma 2005–present

Grounds and training groundsEdit

Lizzy Sports Complex

There is no fixed home stadium for the Black Stars. World Cup and Africa Cup of Nations qualifying matches have been played at the Sekondi-Takoradi Stadium in Sekondi-Takoradi, the Len Clay Stadium, Kumasi Sports Stadium and Abrankese Stadium in Kumasi, the Cape Coast Sports Stadium in Cape Coast, the Accra Sports Stadium in the Accra and the Tamale Stadium in Tamale. Some smaller, regional stadia (stadiums) were also used in the 2002 Africa Cup of Nations qualifying and 2004 African Cup of Nations qualification qualifying campaigns.

The Black Stars' training facilities and training grounds are located at Agyeman Badu Stadium, Berekum Sports Stadium in Brong-Ahafo, the Tema Sports Stadium in Tema and the multi-functional Lizzy Sports Complex in Legon.[20]

Media coverageEdit

83 percent of the Ghanaian people are Akan-speakers, and about 21 percent are English-speakers; match schedules of the Black Stars are broadcast both in English as in the case of inter-continental matches and in Akan nationally by Adom TV, PeaceFM, AdomFM and HappyFM. During the scheduled qualification for the 2014 World Cup national broadcaster GTV, a sub-division of the Ghana Broadcasting Corporation (GBC), broadcast to the Ghanaian public home qualifiers with away qualifiers broadcast by the satellite television broadcasting corporation Viasat 1. The friendly match against Turkey in August 2013 was televised by Viasat 1 and the qualifiers for the 2015 Africa Cup of Nations and the 2018 Inter-Continental Championships are scheduled for public broadcast by the corporations GFA TV, GBC and Viasat 1.[21]

Organization and financeEdit

The Black Stars as it stands now has no official head because of corrupt practices by the then president, Kwesi Nyantakyi.[22] and vice-president George Afriyie,[23] with Frank Davis as director of football, and Edward Bawa as treasurer.[24] The Ghana Football Association (GFA) signed a CN¥92.2 million (US$15 million) deal with Ghanaian state-run oil and gas exploration corporation, Ghana National Petroleum Corporation (GNPC), to sponsor the Black Stars and the renewable contract saw the oil and gas exploration corporation become the global headline sponsor of the Black Stars, with a yearly Black Stars player salary wage bill,[25][26] following the gold mining corporations Ashanti Goldfields Corporation and Goldfields Ghana Limited (GGL), which had been sponsoring the Black Stars since 2005.[27]

On 28 August 2013, Ghana Football Association (GFA) launched a TV channel and named GFA TV, thus becoming the first football association on the African continent to launch its own TV network. The channel has the exclusive rights to broadcast all the Black Stars' matches.[28] In November 2013, the Black Stars signed a 2013–2015 CN¥30.6 million (US$5 million) and an additional classified multi-million private bank sponsorship deal with the Ghanaian state-run private banking institution UniBank.[29]

SupportersEdit

 
Ghana Supporters Union at an AFCON 2015 match between Ghana and Guinea

The Black Stars maintain an average stadium match attendance of 60,000+ and a match attendance high of 80,000+, such as in the case of the Black Stars' 2010 FIFA World Cup quarter-final against Uruguay in which was attended by 84,017 spectators.[30] Ghana's match against England on 29 March 2011 had the largest away following for any association football national team since the re-opening of Wembley Stadium in 2007.[31] The match was watched by 700 million people around the world.[31]

Following the team's appearances at the 2006 and 2010 World Cup tournaments they were greeted by several hundred avid fans dancing and singing at Kotoka International Airport in Accra.[32]

RivalriesEdit

The Black Stars' main footballing rivalry is with the Super Eagles, the national team of Nigeria. The "Battle of Supremacy on the Gulf of Guinea" is between two of the most successful teams on the African continent.[33] The proximity of the two countries to each other, a dispute between the different association football competitions and wider diplomatic competition for influence across West Africa add to this rivalry.[33][34] The match between these two countries is commonly called the Jollof derby.[35]

In books and popular cultureEdit

Products including books, documentary films, Azonto dances and songs have been made in the name of the Ghana national football team. These may be intended with commercial motives but are focused on previous and future World Cups or Africa Cup of Nations tournaments.

  • Books: Several books have been published on the team's history and participation in major tournaments. These include Ghana, The Rediscovered Soccer Might: Watch Out World!,[36] about the history and performance of the Black Stars and also all the major association football national teams that the Black Stars have ever played against, and The Black Stars of Ghana by Alan Whelan;[37] about Black Stars commencing their progress through the final rounds of the 2010 World Cup and into the quarter-finals.
 
Osagyefo Dr. Kwame Nkrumah
  • Documentary films: In 2010 Miracle Films Ghana Limited showcased a vintage documentary film picture, Kwame Nkrumah & Ghana's Black Stars, about Osagyefo Kwame Nkrumah "Africa's man of the 2nd millennium" and "Pan-African pioneer",[38] who invested a lot of energy into making Ghana's association football national team – the Black Stars – a force in African football.[39]
  • Nickname: The Black Star Line, a shipping industry line incorporated by the founder of the Back-to-Africa movement, civil rights movement leader Marcus Garvey and the organiser of the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League (UNIA) from 1919 to 1922, gives the Ghana national football team their nicknames, the Black Stars of West Africa and the Black Stars of Africa.[39]
  • Dances: Upon the Black Stars scoring against opposition teams, dance forms of the worldwide popular Ghanaian Azonto were performed by Black Stars players in their goal celebrations in match victories at the 2010 World Cup and in 2013, a new elite dance version of the Ghanaian Azonto named; "(Akan: Mmonko)" (shrimp), was established and showcased at the 2013 Africa Cup of Nations by the Black Stars players.[40] Black Stars goal celebrations in match victories at the 2014 World Cup and upon scoring against opposition teams, are to establish and showcase Alkayida.[41]
  • Songs: On occasions of past World Cups or African Championships, a number of Ghanaian musicians with music producers created hiplife football songs which were composed in the Akan language – the 2006 World Cup song, "Akan: Tuntum Nsorom Ye Ko Yen Anim", (Black Stars, We are moving forward) musical composed by the Musicians Union of Ghana, is to motivate the Black Stars to perform creditably in their quest for the capturing of the World Cup trophy.[42] Black Stars' captain and top-goalscorer Asamoah Gyan recorded and released a Hiplife song with 'Castro The Destroyer', where he features under the alias 'Baby Jet'. The song is entitled "African Girls" and is sung in the Akan language and was launched onto the Ghanaian screens, continental West Africa screens and onto the Sub-Saharan Africa screens. The music video shows the famous "Asamoah Gyan Dance" goal celebration which he demonstrated at the 2010 World Cup and in the Premier League. The song "African Girls" won an award at the Ghana Music Awards in 2011. The 2010 World Cup song, "Ghana Black Stars (Official Song 2010 World Cup)" composed by Ghanaian hiplife music group "Kings and Queens Entertainment" approved by the Ghana Football Association (GFA) as the GFA has indicated that the Black Stars are a protected brand.[43]

Results and fixturesEdit

The following is a list of match results in the last 12 months, as well as any future matches that have been scheduled.

Key
  Win   Draw   Loss

2021Edit

9 October 2022 FIFA World Cup qualification Ghana   3–1   Zimbabwe Cape Coast, Ghana
16:00 UTC±0
  • Kudus   5'
  • Partey   66'
  • A. Ayew   87'
Report
Stadium: Cape Coast Sports Stadium
Referee: Pierre Atcho (Gabon)
12 October 2022 FIFA World Cup qualification Zimbabwe   0–1   Ghana Harare, Zimbabwe
15:00 UTC+2 Report
Stadium: National Sports Stadium
Attendance: 0
Referee: Amin Omar (Egypt)
11 November 2022 FIFA World Cup qualification Ethiopia   1–1   Ghana Johannesburg, South Africa
15:00 UTC+2 Kebede   72' Report A. Ayew   22' Stadium: Orlando Stadium
Referee: Blaise Yuven Ngwa (Cameroon)
14 November 2022 FIFA World Cup qualification Ghana   1–0   South Africa Cape Coast, Ghana
21:00 UTC±0
Report Stadium: Cape Coast Sports Stadium
Referee: Maguette N'Diaye (Senegal)

2022Edit

5 January Friendly Algeria   3–0   Ghana Al Rayyan, Qatar
19:00 UTC+3
Report Stadium: Education City Stadium
Referee: Saoud Ali Al-Adba (Qatar)
10 January 2021 AFCON Morocco   1–0   Ghana Yaoundé, Cameroon
17:00 UTC+1
Report Stadium: Stade Ahmadou Ahidjo
Referee: Joshua Bondo (Botswana)
14 January 2021 AFCON Gabon   1–1   Ghana Yaoundé, Cameroon
20:00 UTC+1
Report
Stadium: Stade Ahmadou Ahidjo
Referee: Lahlou Benbraham (Algeria)
18 January 2021 AFCON Ghana   2–3   Comoros Garoua, Cameroon
20:00 UTC+1
Report
Stadium: Roumdé Adjia Stadium
Referee: Boubou Traore (Mali)
25 March 2022 FIFA World Cup qualification 1st Leg Ghana   0–0   Nigeria Kumasi, Ghana
19:30 UTC±0 Report Stadium: Baba Yara Stadium
Referee: Redouane Jiyed (Morocco)
29 March 2022 FIFA World Cup qualification 2nd Leg Nigeria   1–1
(1–1 (a) agg.)
  Ghana Abuja, Nigeria
18:00 UTC+1
Report
Stadium: Moshood Abiola National Stadium
Referee: Sadok Selmi (Tunisia)
1 June 2023 AFCON qualification Ghana   3–0   Madagascar Cape Coast, Ghana
19:00 UTC±0
Report Stadium: Cape Coast Sports Stadium
Referee: Mahamadou Kéïta (Mali)
10 June 2022 Kirin Cup Soccer Japan   4–1   Ghana Kobe, Japan
18:55 UTC+9
Report
Stadium: Noevir Stadium Kobe
Referee: Ams Kurt (Australia)
14 June 2022 Kirin Cup Soccer Chile   0–0
(1–3 p)
  Ghana Osaka, Japan
15:15 UTC+9 Report Stadium: Panasonic Stadium Suita
Attendance: 6,185
Referee: Hiroki Kasahara (Japan)
Penalties
23 August Friendly Qatar   2–1   Ghana Vienna, Austria
18:30 UTC+2
Source Source
Stadium: Ernst-Happel-Stadion
23 September Friendly Brazil   3–0   Ghana Le Havre, France
19:30 UTC+2
Report Stadium: Stade Océane
Referee: Mikael Lesage (France)
27 September Friendly Nicaragua   v   Ghana Lorca, Spain
Report Stadium: Estadio Francisco Artés Carrasco
17 November Friendly Switzerland    v   Ghana Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
Report Stadium: Baniyas Stadium
24 November 2022 FIFA World Cup Portugal   v   Ghana Doha, Qatar
19:00 UTC+3 Stadium: Stadium 974
28 November 2022 FIFA World Cup South Korea   v   Ghana Al Rayyan, Qatar
16:00 UTC+3 Stadium: Education City Stadium
2 December 2022 FIFA World Cup Ghana   v   Uruguay Al Wakrah, Qatar
18:00 UTC+3 Stadium: Al Janoub Stadium

2023Edit

March 2023 AFCON qualification Ghana   v   Angola Ghana
--:-- UTC±0 Report
March 2023 AFCON qualification Angola   v   Ghana Angola
--:-- UTC+1 Report
September 2023 AFCON qualification Madagascar   v   Ghana Madagascar
--:-- UTC+3

Coaching staffEdit

As of 9 February 2022[44]
Head coach   Otto Addo
Technical Advisor   Chris Hughton
Assistant coach     George Boateng
Assistant coach   Mas-Ud Didi Dramani
Goalkeeping coach   Richard Kingson

Coaching historyEdit

Since 1957 Ghana has had 32 different head coaches and three caretakers. C. K. Gyamfi is the most successful of these, leading the Black Stars to three Africa Cup of Nations titles – in 1963, 1965 and 1982 – making Gyamfi the joint most successful coach in the competition's history.[45] Fred Osam Duodu led the Black Stars to their 1978 Africa Cup of Nations title;[46] Ratomir Dujković, Milovan Rajevac, and James Kwesi Appiah, have all led the Black Stars to World Cup qualification.[47][48] Serbian managers have been the most successful foreign coaches in Ghana so far, with two managers all guided Ghana to the two first World Cup debuts. Currently the national team is being headed by Otto Addo who is the head coach and supported by Chris Hughton, George Boateng and Mas-Ud Didi Dramani as coaches of the senior national team, the Black Stars until the end of December 2022.[49]

PlayersEdit

Current squadEdit

  • The following players were called up for the friendly match(s).[50]
  • Match dates: 23 and 27 September 2022
  • Opposition:   Brazil and   Nicaragua
No. Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club
1 1GK Richard Ofori (1993-11-01) 1 November 1993 (age 28) 24 0   Orlando Pirates
12 1GK Abdul Manaf Nurudeen (1999-02-08) 8 February 1999 (age 23) 2 0   Eupen
16 1GK Joe Wollacott (1996-09-08) 8 September 1996 (age 26) 11 0   Charlton Athletic

2 2DF Tariq Lamptey (2000-09-30) 30 September 2000 (age 21) 1 0   Brighton & Hove Albion
3 2DF Denis Odoi (1991-12-02) 2 December 1991 (age 30) 4 0   Club Brugge
4 2DF Mohammed Salisu (1999-04-17) 17 April 1999 (age 23) 1 0   Southampton
14 2DF Gideon Mensah (1998-07-18) 18 July 1998 (age 24) 10 0   Bordeaux
15 2DF Joseph Aidoo (1995-09-29) 29 September 1995 (age 26) 10 0   Celta de Vigo
17 2DF Abdul Rahman Baba (1994-07-02) 2 July 1994 (age 28) 47 1   Reading
18 2DF Daniel Amartey (1994-12-01) 1 December 1994 (age 27) 43 0   Leicester City
23 2DF Alexander Djiku (1994-08-09) 9 August 1994 (age 28) 18 1   Strasbourg
26 2DF Alidu Seidu (1996-02-25) 25 February 1996 (age 26) 2 0   Clermont
2DF Stephan Ambrosius (1998-12-18) 18 December 1998 (age 23) 0 0   Karlsruher SC

5 3MF Thomas Partey (1993-06-13) 13 June 1993 (age 29) 40 14   Arsenal
6 3MF Elisha Owusu (1997-11-07) 7 November 1997 (age 24) 2 0   Gent
8 3MF Daniel-Kofi Kyereh (1996-03-08) 8 March 1996 (age 26) 12 0   Freiburg
10 3MF André Ayew (1989-12-17) 17 December 1989 (age 32) 107 23   Al-Sadd
20 3MF Mohammed Kudus (2000-08-02) 2 August 2000 (age 22) 16 4   Ajax
21 3MF Iddrisu Baba (1996-01-22) 22 January 1996 (age 26) 18 0   Mallorca

7 4FW Abdul Fatawu Issahaku (2004-03-08) 8 March 2004 (age 18) 11 0   Sporting
9 4FW Jordan Ayew (1991-09-11) 11 September 1991 (age 31) 82 20   Crystal Palace
11 4FW Osman Bukari (1998-12-13) 13 December 1998 (age 23) 5 1   Red Star Belgrade
13 4FW Felix Afena-Gyan (2003-01-19) 19 January 2003 (age 19) 6 1   Cremonese
19 4FW Iñaki Williams (1994-06-15) 15 June 1994 (age 28) 1 0   Athletic Bilbao
22 4FW Kamaldeen Sulemana (2002-02-15) 15 February 2002 (age 20) 11 0   Rennes
27 4FW Antoine Semenyo (2000-01-07) 7 January 2000 (age 22) 1 0   Bristol City
28 4FW Daniel Afriyie (2001-06-26) 26 June 2001 (age 21) 1 0   Hearts of Oak
4FW Benjamin Tetteh (1997-07-10) 10 July 1997 (age 25) 7 0   Hull City
4FW Ransford-Yeboah Königsdörffer (2001-09-13) 13 September 2001 (age 21) 0 0   Hamburger SV

Recent call-upsEdit

The following players have been called up for Ghana in the last twelve months.

Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club Latest call-up
GK Richard Attah (1995-04-09) 9 April 1995 (age 27) 0 0   Hearts of Oak 2021 Africa Cup of Nations
GK Ibrahim Danlad (2002-12-02) 2 December 2002 (age 19) 0 0   Asante Kotoko v.   Ethiopia, 11 November 2021 PRE

DF Jonathan Mensah (1990-07-13) 13 July 1990 (age 32) 69 1   Columbus Crew v.   Central African Republic, 5 June 2022
DF Abdul Mumin (1998-06-06) 6 June 1998 (age 24) 0 0   Vitória Guimarães v.   Central African Republic, 5 June 2022
DF Montari Kamaheni (2000-02-01) 1 February 2000 (age 22) 0 0   Ashdod v.   Nigeria, 29 March 2022
DF Philomon Baffour (2001-02-06) 6 February 2001 (age 21) 0 0   Dreams 2021 Africa Cup of Nations
DF Nicholas Opoku (1997-08-11) 11 August 1997 (age 25) 14 1   Amiens v.   South Africa, 6 September 2021
DF Fatawu Mohammed (1992-06-02) 2 June 1992 (age 30) 1 0   Hearts of Oak v.   South Africa, 6 September 2021
DF Joseph Adjei (1995-08-20) 20 August 1995 (age 27) 0 0   Legon Cities v.   South Africa, 6 September 2021
DF Hisashi Appiah Tawiah (1998-10-18) 18 October 1998 (age 23) 0 0   Kyoto Sanga Tranining Camp, August 2022

MF Augustine Okrah (1993-09-14) 14 September 1993 (age 29) 2 0   Bechem United v.   Central African Republic, 5 June 2022
MF Yaw Yeboah (1997-03-28) 28 March 1997 (age 25) 4 0   Columbus Crew v.   Nigeria, 29 March 2022
MF David Abagna (1998-09-09) 9 September 1998 (age 24) 1 0   Real Tamale 2021 Africa Cup of Nations
MF Emmanuel Lomotey (1997-12-19) 19 December 1997 (age 24) 7 0   Amiens v.   Ethiopia, 11 November 2021 PRE
MF Majeed Ashimeru (1997-10-10) 10 October 1997 (age 24) 2 0   Anderlecht v.   Ethiopia, 11 November 2021 PRE
MF Alfred Duncan (1993-03-10) 10 March 1993 (age 29) 10 0   Fiorentina v.   Zimbabwe, 9 October 2021 PRE
MF Tariqe Fosu (1995-11-05) 5 November 1995 (age 26) 4 1   Stoke v.   Zimbabwe, 9 October 2021 PRE

FW Joseph Paintsil (1998-02-01) 1 February 1998 (age 24) 5 0   Genk v.   Central African Republic, 5 June 2022
FW Richmond Boakye (1993-01-28) 28 January 1993 (age 29) 19 7   Lamia 2021 Africa Cup of Nations
FW Samuel Owusu (1996-03-28) 28 March 1996 (age 26) 17 1   Čukarički 2021 Africa Cup of Nations
FW Maxwell Abbey Quaye (1998-02-02) 2 February 1998 (age 24) 1 0   Great Olympics 2021 Africa Cup of Nations
FW Joel Fameyeh (1997-05-14) 14 May 1997 (age 25) 6 2   Orenburg v.   Zimbabwe, 9 October 2021 PRE
FW Emmanuel Gyasi (1994-01-11) 11 January 1994 (age 28) 3 0   Spezia v.   Zimbabwe, 9 October 2021 PRE

Notes
  • CNC Cancelled match.
  • WD Withdrew.
  • INJ Withdrew because of injury.
  • PRE Preliminary squad.
  • RET Player has retired from international football.
  • SUS Suspended from the national team.

Local teamEdit

The football association of Ghana (GFA) administers several national teams at different levels, including one for the local national football team. The team is restricted to players who only play in the local league, thus the Ghana Premier League. The team is nicknamed the Local Black Stars.[51][52][53]

Youth teamsEdit

The football association of Ghana (GFA) administers several national teams at different age levels between 16 and 23 years of age.

Under-23Edit

The under-23 level (or Olympic team) from the 1992 Summer Olympics competes in Olympic football tournaments, Football at the All-Africa Games, CAF U-23 Championship and is restricted to using players aged 23 years and under.[54] The football at the Olympic Games is thus considered as an under-23 World Cup and since the Olympic Games of 1992; the under-23 level has participated in 5 Olympic Games, becoming the first African team to win an Olympic medal when they won bronze in 1992.[54]

Under-20Edit

The under-20 level is considered as the feeder level to the Black Stars senior squad and has competed at the FIFA U-20 World Cup since its inception in the 1970s. The under-20 level captured the FIFA U-20 World Cup in 2009 after defeating Brazil 4–3 on penalties after the match finished 0–0 in extra time, and becoming the first on the Africa continent to do so. The under-20 level has been champions of the African Youth Championship four times: in 1995, 1999, 2009, and 2021 as well as twice runners-up in 2001 and 2013.

Under-17Edit

The under-17 level is the youngest level and players chosen may not be more than 17 years of age. The team represents Ghana in the FIFA U-17 World Cup. The under-17 team have twice been FIFA U-17 World Cup champions, in 1991 and 1995. Additionally they finished as runners up on two occasions, 1993 and 1997. The under-17 level has participated in eight of the 15 tournaments of the FIFA U-17 World Cup, debuting in Scotland 1989 FIFA U-16 World Championship and dominating the FIFA U-17 World Cup competition in the 1990s, where they reached four consecutive finals.[55] They also twice won the African U-17 Championship.

Player recordsEdit

As of 24 September 2022[56]
Players in bold are still active with Ghana.

Most capped playersEdit

 
Asamoah Gyan is the most capped player with 109 appearances, and top scorer with 51 goals.
Rank Player Caps Goals Career
1 Asamoah Gyan 109 51 2003–2019
2 André Ayew 107 23 2007–present
3 Richard Kingson 93 1 1996–2011
4 John Paintsil 91 0 2001–2013
5 Harrison Afful 86 0 2008–2018
6 Sulley Muntari 84 20 2002–2014
7 Jordan Ayew 82 19 2009–present
8 John Mensah 81 3 2001–2012
9 Emmanuel Agyemang-Badu 78 11 2008–2017
10 Kwadwo Asamoah 74 4 2008–2019

Top goalscorersEdit

Rank Player Goals Caps Ratio Career
1 Asamoah Gyan 51 109 0.47 2003–2019
2 Edward Acquah 45 41 1.1 1956–1964
3 Kwasi Owusu 36 45 0.8 1968–1976
4 Tony Yeboah 29 59 0.49 1985–1997
5 Karim Abdul Razak 25 62 0.4 1975–1988
6 André Ayew 23 107 0.21 2007–present
7 Wilberforce Mfum 20 26 0.77 1960–1968
Sulley Muntari 20 84 0.24 2002–2014
9 Osei Kofi 19 25 0.76 1964–1973
Abedi Pele 19 73 0.26 1982–1998
Jordan Ayew 19 82 0.23 2009–present

CaptainsEdit

Competitive recordEdit

FIFA World Cup recordEdit

 
Black Stars at the 2006 World Cup and Black Stars vs. Uruguay in the 2010 FIFA World Cup quarter-final match at Soccer City, Johannesburg on 2 July 2010
 
Czech Republic- Ghana line-up Group stage match, (First World Cup win) at 2006 World Cup in Germany

The Black Stars have qualified for three FIFA World Cup tournaments; 2006, 2010, and 2014. In 2006, Ghana was the only African side to advance to the second round of the World Cup in Germany, and was the sixth nation in a row from Africa to progress beyond the group stages of the World Cup.[65] The Black Stars had the youngest team in the 2006 edition with an average age of 23 years and 352 days,[65] and were praised for their improving performance.[66][67] FIFA ranked Ghana 13th out of the 32 countries who competed in the tournament.[68]

In the 2010 World Cup, Ghana progressed beyond the group stages of the World Cup in South Africa, and reached the quarter-finals where they were eliminated by Uruguay. The Black Stars were defeated on penalty shootout after Luis Suárez hand-balled on the goal line deep into extra time, preventing a certain winning goal.[69] Of the 32 countries that participated in the 2010 edition, FIFA ranked Ghana 7th.[70]

After beating Egypt 7–3 on aggregate in November 2013, Ghana qualified for the 2014 World Cup in Brazil.[71] They were drawn in Group G with Germany, the United States and Portugal.[72] For the first time, Ghana fell in the group stage, tying Germany 2–2 and losing to both the United States and Portugal by 2–1.[73]

 
Ghana - Uruguay Quarterfinal line-up at 2010 World Cup in South African
FIFA World Cup record
FIFA World Cup record Pld W D L GF GA GD
World Cup Finals 12 4 3 5 13 16 −3
World Cup Quals (H) 34 24 8 2 78 19 +59
World Cup Quals (A) 33 9 8 16 37 42 −5
World Cup Total 76 37 18 21 124 71 +53
FIFA World Cup record
Year Round Position Pld W D L GF GA
  1930 Part of   United Kingdom
  1934
  1938
  1950
  1954
  1958
  1962 Did not qualify
  1966 Withdrew
  1970 Did not qualify
  1974
  1978
  1982 Withdrew
  1986 Did not qualify
  1990
  1994
  1998
    2002
  2006 Round of 16 13th 4 2 0 2 4 6
  2010 Quarter-finals 7th 5 2 2 1 5 4
  2014 Group stage 25th 3 0 1 2 4 6
  2018 Did not qualify
  2022 Qualified
      2026 To be determined
Total Quarter-finals 4/22 12 4 3 5 13 16
 
Black Stars at the CAF Africa Cup of Nations

Africa Cup of Nations recordEdit

Ghana has won the Africa Cup of Nations four times – in 1963, 1965, 1978, and 1982 – bettered by Cameroon and Egypt. As the first winner of three Nations Cup tournaments, Ghana obtained the right to permanently hold the trophy in 1978.[74] The Black Stars have qualified for the tournament 23 times in total, finishing as runners-up five times, third once, and fourth four times. Thus, Ghana has the second-most final game appearances at the tournament behind Egypt (who has ten) with nine, essentially making the final in almost half of its appearances in the tournament. Ghana also holds the record of most consecutive semi-final appearances, with six straight between 2008 and 2017.

 
AFCON 2015 match between Ghana and Guinea
Africa Cup of Nations record
Africa Cup of Nations record Pld W D* L GF GA GD
Africa Cup of Nations Finals 102 54 21 27 133 87 +46
Africa Cup of Nations record
Year Round Position Pld W D* L GF GA
  1957 Part of United Kingdom
  1959 Not affiliated to CAF
  1962 Did not qualify
  1963 Champions 1st 3 2 1 0 6 1
  1965 Champions 1st 3 3 0 0 12 5
  1968 Second place 2nd 5 3 1 1 11 8
  1970 Second place 2nd 5 2 2 1 6 4
  1972 Did not qualify
  1974
  1976
  1978 Champions 1st 5 4 1 0 9 2
  1980 Group stage 5th 3 1 1 1 1 1
  1982 Champions 1st 5 2 3 0 7 5
  1984 Group stage 6th 3 1 0 2 2 4
  1986 Did not qualify
  1988
  1990
  1992 Runners-up 2nd 5 4 1 0 6 2
  1994 Quarter-finals 5th 3 2 0 1 3 2
  1996 Fourth place 4th 6 4 0 2 7 5
  1998 Group stage 11th 3 1 0 2 3 3
    2000 Quarter-finals 8th 4 1 1 2 3 4
  2002 Quarter-finals 7th 4 1 2 1 2 2
  2004 Did not qualify
  2006 Group stage 10th 3 1 0 2 2 3
  2008 Third place 3rd 6 5 0 1 11 5
  2010 Runners-up 2nd 5 3 0 2 4 4
   2012 Fourth place 4th 6 3 1 2 6 5
  2013 Fourth place 4th 6 3 2 1 10 6
  2015 Runners-up 2nd 6 4 1 1 10 3
  2017 Fourth place 4th 6 3 0 3 4 5
  2019 Round of 16 12th 4 1 3 0 5 3
  2021 Group stage 19th 3 0 1 2 3 5
  2023 To be determined
  2025
Total 4 Titles 23/33 102 54 21 27 133 87
*Denotes place was determined via penalty shoot-out.
** Gold background colour indicates that the team won the tournament.
***Red border color indicates the team was a host nation.

African Nations Championship recordEdit

Ghana has competed in three African Nations Championship tournaments, twice finishing as runners-up.

Year Round Position Pld W D L GF GA
  2009 Runners-up 2nd 5 1 3 1 7 6
  2011 Group stage 14th 3 0 0 3 1 4
  2014 Runners-up 2nd 6 3 3 0 4 1
  2016 Did not qualify
  2018
  2020
  2022 Qualified
Total Runners-up 3/6 14 4 6 4 12 11

African Games recordEdit

Football at the African Games has been an under-23 tournament since 1991.
African Games record
Year Result GP W D L GS GA
  1965 - 0 0 0 0 0 0
  1973 - 0 0 0 0 0 0
  1978 - 0 0 0 0 0 0
  1987 - 0 0 0 0 0 0
1991–present See Ghana national under-23 football team
Total 0/4 0 0 0 0 0 0

West African Nations Cup and WAFU Nations Cup recordEdit

Olympic Games recordEdit

 
Bernard Aryee, former Black Stars central midfielder and part of the bronze medalist squad at the Barcelona 1992 Olympic football tournament.
Year Round Position GP W D L GF GA
  Athens 1896 No association football competition
  Paris 1900 At the 1900 and 1904 Olympics, clubs competed.
  St. Louis 1904
  London 1908 The Gold Coast team did not participate
  Stockholm 1912
  Antwerp 1920
  Paris 1924
  Amsterdam 1928
  Los Angeles 1932 No association football competition
  Berlin 1936 The Gold Coast team did not participate
  London 1948
  Helsinki 1952 Did not participate [a]
  Melbourne 1956
  Rome 1960 Did not qualify
  Tokyo 1964 Quarter-final 7th 4 1 1 2 7 12
  Mexico 1968 Round 1 12th 3 0 2 1 6 8
  Munich 1972 Round 1 16th 3 0 0 3 1 11
  Montreal 1976 Withdrew after qualifying
  Moscow 1980
  Los Angeles 1984 Did not qualify
  Seoul 1988
1992–present See Ghana national under-23 football team
Total 3/19 24th 10 1 3 6 14 31
a. Note: The Gold Coast national football team established in 1950; country known as Gold Coast then renamed Ghana in 1957, not competing in international competitions and not being part of neither FIFA nor CAF until 1958, and therefore also recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC).
n. Note: Football at the Summer Olympics has been an under-23 tournament since 1992.

HonoursEdit

Last updated 8 February 2015

Continental tournamentsEdit

Winners (4): 1963, 1965, 1978, 1982
Runners-up (5): 1968, 1970, 1992, 2010, 2015
Runners-up (2): 2009, 2014

Continental SubregionEdit

Winners (3): 1959, 1960, 1963
Winners (5): 1982, 1983, 1984, 1986, 1987
Third place (1): 1991
Winners (2): 2013, 2017
Third place (1): 2010

Other tournaments and cupsEdit

Winners: 1962
Runners up: 1982
  • Samuel K. Doe Cup 1986[78]
Runners up: 1986
  • Black Stars Tournament 1993 (Libreville, Gabon)[79]
Third: 1993
  • Great Artificial River Championship 1999 (Libya)[80]
Runners up: 1999
Third: 2003

Other awardsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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Titles chronologyEdit

Last updated 28 November 2013

Achievements
Preceded by African Champions
1963 (First title)
1965 (Second title)
Succeeded by
Preceded by African Champions
1978 (Third title)
Succeeded by
Preceded by African Champions
1982 (Fourth title)
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Inaugural Champions
West African Champions
1982 (First title)
1983 (Second title)
1984 (Third title)
1986 (Fourth title)
1987 (Fifth title)
Succeeded by
Preceded by WAFU Nations Cup Champions
2013 (First title)
Succeeded by
Incumbent

External linksEdit