FC Red Bull Salzburg

FC Red Bull Salzburg is an Austrian football club based in Wals-Siezenheim. Their home ground is the Red Bull Arena. Due to sponsorship restrictions, the club is known as FC Salzburg and wears a modified crest when playing in UEFA competitions.

Red Bull Salzburg
Club crest
Full nameFootball Club Red Bull Salzburg
Nickname(s)Die Mozartstädter
Founded13 September 1933; 86 years ago (1933-09-13)
as SV Austria Salzburg
GroundRed Bull Arena, Wals-Siezenheim
OwnerRed Bull GmbH
ChairmanHarald Lürzer
Head CoachJesse Marsch
LeagueAustrian Bundesliga
2019–20Austrian Bundesliga, 1st
WebsiteClub website
European home colours
Current season

The club was known as SV Austria Salzburg, and had several sponsored names, before being bought by Red Bull GmbH in 2005 who renamed the club and changed its colours from its traditional violet and white to red and white. The change resulted in some of the team's fans forming a new club, SV Austria Salzburg.

Founded in 1933, and refounded in 2005 as Red Bull Salzburg, the club won its first Bundesliga title in 1994, which was the first of three in the span of four seasons which also saw them reach the 1994 UEFA Cup final. The club has won fourteen league titles and seven Austrian Cups, all seven of which came as doubles, as well as three Austrian Supercups.


Historical chart of league performance of Red Bull Salzburg and their predecessor

1933–1953, founding, promotion to A-leagueEdit

FC Red Bull Salzburg was founded on 13 September 1933 as SV Austria Salzburg, after the merger of the city's two clubs, Hertha and Rapid.[2] In 1950, the club was dissolved but re-founded later the same year. It reached the Austrian top flight in 1953, and finished 9th of 14 clubs in its first season there, avoiding relegation by five points.[3]


Vienna-born Erich Probst was Salzburg's first-ever international, earning the last of his 19 Austrian caps on 27 March 1960.[4] Adolf Macek, who made the first of his four international appearances on 9 October 1965, was the club's first local player to earn a cap for Austria.[5]


Salzburg were top-flight runners-up for the first time in the 1970–71 season, gaining 43 points to Wacker Innsbruck's 44.[6] The club's first-ever European campaign was in the 1971–72 UEFA Cup, and it was eliminated 5–4 on aggregate by Romanian club UTA despite a 3–1 home victory in the second leg. In 1974, Salzburg reached the Austrian Cup final for the first time, losing 2–1 away to Austria Wien in the first leg before a 1–1 home draw in the second.[7]

Salzburg moved to their current stadium, now known as the Red Bull Arena in 2003

In 1978, the club's official name was changed to SV Casino Salzburg and in 1997, to SV Wüstenrot Salzburg, due to a sponsorship deal with an Austrian financial services corporation. The team often remained referred to as SV Austria Salzburg.


Salzburg reached their first and so far only European final, the 1994 UEFA Cup final, where they lost both legs 1–0 to Inter Milan.[8] That same season, Salzburg won their first Bundesliga title, beating Austria Wien by 51 points to 49.[9] The title was retained the following season as Salzburg beat Sturm Graz on goal difference.[10] The 1995–96 season saw a drop to eighth place, one above a relegation play-off,[11] but the club's third title in four seasons was won in 1997 as they beat holders Rapid Wien by three points.[12]

Salzburg's inaugural UEFA Champions League campaign in 1994–95 saw them reach the group stage by beating Israel's Maccabi Haifa 5–2 on aggregate.[13] They were drawn into Group D with holders and eventual finalists Milan and eventual winners Ajax, as well as AEK Athens. Despite drawing both matches with Ajax, Salzburg picked up a solitary 3–1 win away in Athens and were eliminated in third place.[14]

The club moved to its current stadium in 2003.[15]

The Red Bull takeoverEdit

The Red Bull company purchased the club on 6 April 2005 and rebranded it. After the takeover, Red Bull changed the club's name, management, and staff, declaring "this is a new club with no history". Red Bull initially claimed on the club website that the club was founded in 2005, but was ordered to remove this claim by the Austrian Football Association. The new authority removed all trace of violet from the club logo and the team now play in the colours of red and white, to the consternation of much of the club's traditional support.[16] A small pair of wings form the motif of the new club crest, displayed on the team jersey, in accordance with Red Bull's commercial slogan at the time: "gives you wings". This complete re-branding of the team proved very similar to Red Bull's treatment of its two Formula One racing teams, Red Bull Racing and Scuderia Toro Rosso. Red Bull, however, would not completely follow this precedent when it acquired the MetroStars club in Major League Soccer (MLS) in the United States; while it rebranded the team as the New York Red Bulls, it chose to recognise the MetroStars' history.

Red Bull Salzburg, October 2005

The traditional supporters tried to resist the radical changes and formed their own movement in order to regain some of the tradition. Several fan-clubs throughout Europe voiced their support in what they saw as a fight against the growing commercialisation of football. However, after five months of protests and talks between the club owners and traditional fans, no compromise was reached. On 15 September 2005, the "violet" supporters stated that the talks had irreversibly broken down and efforts to reach an agreement would be terminated.

This gave rise to two separate fan groups: the "Red-Whites", who support "Red Bull Salzburg" and the "Violet-Whites", who want to preserve the 72-year-old tradition and refuse to support the rebranded club. The Violet-Whites ultimately formed a new club, Austria Salzburg after viewing Red Bull's offer to maintain the original colours only for the goalkeeper's socks at away games as an insult.[17]

The club's history going back to 1933 was later restored on the club website.[18]

Red Bull eraEdit

Dutchman Ricardo Moniz coached Red Bull to a Bundesliga and Cup double in the 2011–12 season.
German Roger Schmidt was coach from 2012 until 2014
Adi Hütter – Coach from 2014 to 2015

In May 2006, Red Bull announced on their website that they had hired veteran Italian coach Giovanni Trapattoni, together with his former player, German FIFA World Cup winner Lothar Matthäus, as co-trainers. The pair initially denied having reached a deal, but officially signed on 23 May 2006. Red Bull ultimately won the 2006–07 Bundesliga by a comfortable margin with five games still left in the season after drawing 2–2 with previous season's champions Austria Wien on 28 April 2007.

Red Bull were beaten by Shakhtar Donetsk in the third qualifying round[19][20] of the 2007–08 UEFA Champions League, and were then knocked out of the 2007–08 UEFA Cup in the first round by AEK Athens. On 13 February 2008, Giovanni Trapattoni confirmed that he would be taking over as the new Republic of Ireland national team manager in May. In his final season, the club finished as runners-up, six points behind champions Rapid Wien.[21] Trapattoni was succeeded by Co Adriaanse, under whom they finished as champions, but he left after one year. His successor was Huub Stevens. On 14 May 2010, Stevens' Red Bull retained the Bundesliga.[22]


Stevens was replaced by Dutchman Ricardo Moniz at the end of the 2010–11 season, in which Red Bull were denied a third consecutive title by Sturm Graz, who won the league by a three-point margin.[23] Red Bull finished second in the league, and qualified for the following season's UEFA Europa League. Moniz was ordered to integrate young players from the Junior squad: at the beginning of the 2011–12 season Daniel Offenbacher, Martin Hinteregger, Georg Teigl and Marco Meilinger were promoted to the first team. In the 2011–12 season, Red Bull won the Bundesliga league title and Cup double.

After the 2011–12 season, Moniz departed his post despite having a year remaining on his contract. The new coach for the 2012–13 season was Roger Schmidt, who came from SC Paderborn of the German 2. Bundesliga. In July 2012, Red Bull were knocked out of the Champions League in the second qualifying round against F91 Dudelange of Luxembourg, losing the first leg 1–0 away, followed by a 4–3 home win which saw the club eliminated on away goals.[24]

After that, the team was changed fundamentally. At the end of the transfer period, new players were purchased: Valon Berisha, Kevin Kampl, Håvard Nielsen, Sadio Mané, Isaac Vorsah, Rodnei. In the 2012–13 season, the team finished second in the league, behind champions Austria Wien. They recaptured the league title the following season with an 11-point margin over the runners-up. Also, in the 2014–15 season, they won both the Bundesliga and the cup as they did again in the 2015–16 season. In December 2014, the coach Peter Zeidler was dismissed and replaced for the last two matches in the first half of the season by Thomas Letsch. Then Óscar García took over.

Also in the next 2016–17 season, Salzburg won both the Bundesliga and the cup. In 2018, Salzburg lost the cup final against Sturm Graz. At the beginning of the 2017–18 season, Marco Rose became coach after Óscar García left the club. That season was the most successful in the club's history. In the UEFA Europa League, Salzburg reached the semi-finals in which they lost to Olympique de Marseille 2–3 on aggregate after extra time, having won during the campaign against Borussia Dortmund and Lazio.

After eleven failed attempts to reach the group stage, Red Bull only managed to qualify directly to the 2019–20 Champions League, since the 2018–19 UEFA Champions League winner, Liverpool, qualified for the qualifying rounds via their domestic league.[25]

In the years from 2013 to 2019 Salzburg earned 300 Mio Eur from transfers of players like Munas Dabbur, Xaver Schlager, Stefan Lainer, Hannes Wolf, Diadie Samassekou, Takumi Minamino, Erling Haaland.[26]

Relationship with RB LeipzigEdit

In 2009, Red Bull bought an amateur club in Leipzig, Germany and re-named them RasenBallsport Leipzig (so named to circumvent local rules on corporate naming rules) with the aim of establishing a leading branded team in that country[27][28] in a similar mould to its existing franchises in Salzburg and other locations.[29] Over the next decade, Leipzig became the owners' main football project, and the close relationship between the teams was exemplified by the number of players moving between them (Georg Teigl, Marcel Sabitzer, Yordy Reyna and Stefan Ilsanker all transferred from Salzburg to Leipzig) with some of the Austrian fans becoming increasingly annoyed at their best players being signed by the 'step-sibling' club in their mission to climb through the levels of German football.[30][31] There are also links between their youth systems[32] and scouting networks.[33]

Having finished as runners-up in their debut season in the German top flight, RB Leipzig gained entry to continental football for the first time, specifically the 2017–18 UEFA Champions League for which Red Bull Salzburg had also qualified as Austrian champions; this raised the issue of a possible conflict of interest between the clubs due to the level of influence exerted by Red Bull over both teams and the close sporting relationship between them in various aspects.[34][28][35] After examining the operational structures during June 2017, UEFA declared themselves satisfied under their regulations that the two clubs (particularly Salzburg) were suitably independent from the Red Bull corporation, and sufficiently distinct from one another, for both to be admitted to their competitions.[36][37] In the first season following that ruling, both reached the quarter-finals of the 2017–18 UEFA Europa League but did not play each other, with RB Leipzig eliminated by Olympique de Marseille who then also knocked out Salzburg in the semi-finals. However, in the next edition of the same competition, RB Leipzig and Red Bull Salzburg were drawn together in Group B to meet competitively for the first time.[38][39] Salzburg were the victors in both fixtures between the clubs (3–2 in Germany, 1–0 in Austria)[40][41] and also won all their other matches to top the group, while Leipzig failed to progress after dropping further points against Celtic and Rosenborg.[42]


Austrian Bundesliga

Austrian Cup

Austrian Supercup

Austrian First League

  • Winners (2): 1977–78*, 1986–87*


* as SV Austria Salzburg

UEFA Youth League

European competition historyEdit

Overall recordEdit

Accurate as of 28 February 2020
Competition Played Won Drew Lost GF GA GD Win%
UEFA Champions League 62 26 16 20 91 71 +20 041.94
Cup Winners' Cup 2 0 0 2 0 8 −8 000.00
UEFA Cup / UEFA Europa League 118 62 17 39 195 140 +55 052.54
UEFA Intertoto Cup 12 4 3 5 22 19 +3 033.33
Total 194 92 36 66 308 238 +70 047.42

Legend: GF = Goals For. GA = Goals Against. GD = Goal Difference.

  • Q = Qualification
  • PO = Play-Off
  • QF = Quarter-final
  • SF = Semi-final


Season Competition Round Country Club Home Away Aggregate
1971–72 UEFA Cup 1   UT Arad 3–1 1–4 4–5
1976–77 UEFA Cup 1   Adanaspor 5–0 0–2 5–2
2   Crvena Zvezda 2–1 0–1 2–2
1980–81 European Cup Winners' Cup 1   Fortuna Düsseldorf 0–3 0–5 0–8
1992–93 UEFA Cup 1   Ajax 0–3 1–3 1–6
1993–94 UEFA Cup 1   DAC Dunajska Streda 2–0 2–0 4–0
2   Royal Antwerp 1–0 1–0 2–0
3   Sporting CP 3–0 (a.e.t.) 0–2 3–2
QF   Eintracht Frankfurt 1–0 0–1 1–1 (5–4 p.)
SF   Karlsruher SC 0–0 1–1 1–1
Final   Internazionale 0–1 0–1 0–2
1994–95 UEFA Champions League
as Casino Salzburg
Q1   Maccabi Haifa 3–1 2–1 5–2
Group D   AEK Athens 0–0 3–1 3rd Place
  Milan 0–1 0–3
  Ajax 0–0 1–1
1995–96 UEFA Champions League Q1   Steaua București 0–0 0–1 0–1
1997–98 UEFA Champions League Q1   Sparta Prague 0–0 0–3 0–3
1997–98 UEFA Cup 1   Anderlecht 4–3 2–4 6–7
1998 UEFA Intertoto Cup 2   St. Gallen 3–1 0–1 3–2
3   Twente 3–1 2–2 5–3
4   Fortuna Sittard 3–1 1–2 4–3
5   Valencia 0–2 1–2 1–4
2000 UEFA Intertoto Cup 2   Nistru Otaci 1–1 6–2 7–3
3   Standard Liège 1–1 1–3 2–4
2003–04 UEFA Cup 1   Udinese 0–1 2–1 2–2
2   Parma 0–4 0–5 0–9
2006–07 UEFA Champions League Q2   Zürich 2–0 1–2 3–2
Q3   Valencia 1–0 0–3 1–3
2006–07 UEFA Cup 1   Blackburn Rovers 2–2 0–2 2–4
2007–08 UEFA Champions League Q2   Ventspils 4–0 3–0 7–0
Q3   Shakhtar Donetsk 1–0 1–3 2–3
UEFA Cup 1   AEK Athens 1–0 0–3 1–3
2008–09 UEFA Cup Q1   Banants 7–0 3–0 10–0
Q2   Sūduva Marijampolė 0–1 4–1 4–2
1   Sevilla 0–2 0–2 0–4
2009–10 UEFA Champions League Q2   Bohemians 1–1 1–0 2–1
Q3   Dinamo Zagreb 1–1 2–1 3–2
PO   Maccabi Haifa 1–2 0–3 1–5
UEFA Europa League Group G   Lazio 2–1 2–1 1st Place
  Villarreal 2–0 1–0
  Levski Sofia 1–0 1–0
Round of 32   Standard Liège 0–0 2–3 2–3
2010–11 UEFA Champions League Q2   HB Tórshavn 5–0 0–1 5–1
Q3   Omonia 4–1 1–1 5–2
PO   Hapoel Tel Aviv 2–3 1–1 3–4
UEFA Europa League Group A   Manchester City 0–2 0–3 4th Place
  Lech Poznań 0–1 0–2
  Juventus 1–1 0–0
2011–12 UEFA Europa League Q2   Liepājas Metalurgs 4–1 0–0 4–1
Q3   Senica 1–0 3–0 4–0
PO   Omonia 1–0 1–2 2–2
Group F   Slovan Bratislava 3–0 3–2 2nd Place
  Athletic Bilbao 0–1 2–2
  Paris Saint-Germain 2–0 1–3
Round of 32   Metalist Kharkiv 0–4 1–4 1–8
2012–13 UEFA Champions League Q2   Dudelange 4–3 0–1 4–4
2013–14 UEFA Champions League Q3   Fenerbahçe 1–1 1–3 2–4
UEFA Europa League PO   Žalgiris Vilnius 5–0 2–0 7–0
Group C   Elfsborg 4–0 1–0 1st Place
  Esbjerg 3–0 2–1
  Standard Liège 2–1 3–1
Round of 32   Ajax 3–1 3–0 6–1
Round of 16   Basel 1–2 0–0 1–2
2014–15 UEFA Champions League 3Q   Qarabağ 2–0 1–2 3–2
PO   Malmö FF 2–1 0–3 2–4
UEFA Europa League Group D   Celtic 2–2 3–1 1st Place
  Astra Giurgiu 5–1 2–1
  Dinamo Zagreb 4–2 5–1
Round of 32   Villarreal 1–3 1–2 2–5
2015–16 UEFA Champions League 3Q   Malmö FF 2–0 0–3 2–3
UEFA Europa League PO   Dinamo Minsk 2–0 0–2 2–2 (2–3 p.)
2016–17 UEFA Champions League 2Q   FK Liepāja 1–0 2–0 3–0
3Q   Partizani 2–0 1–0 3–0
PO   Dinamo Zagreb 1–2 (a.e.t.) 1–1 2–3
UEFA Europa League Group I   Schalke 2–0 1–3 3rd Place
  Krasnodar 0–1 1–1
  Nice 0–1 2–0
2017–18 UEFA Champions League 2Q   Hibernians 3–0 3–0 6–0
3Q   Rijeka 1–1 0–0 1–1 (a)
UEFA Europa League PO   Viitorul Constanța 4–0 3–1 7–1
Group I   Olympique Marseille 1–0 0–0 1st Place
  Vitória S.C. 3–0 1–1
  Konyaspor 0–0 2–0
Round of 32   Real Sociedad 2–1 2–2 4–3
Round of 16   Borussia Dortmund 0–0 2–1 2–1
QF   Lazio 4–1 2–4 6–5
SF   Olympique Marseille 2–1 (a.e.t.) 0–2 2–3
2018–19 UEFA Champions League 3Q   Shkëndija 3–0 1–0 4–0
PO   Red Star Belgrade 2–2 0–0 2–2 (a)
UEFA Europa League Group B   Rosenborg 3–0 5–2 1st Place
  Celtic 3–1 2–1
  RB Leipzig 1–0 3–2
Round of 32   Club Brugge 4–0 1–2 5–2
Round of 16   Napoli 3–1 0–3 3–4
2019–20 UEFA Champions League Group E   Genk 6–2 4–1 3rd Place
  Napoli 2–3 1–1
  Liverpool 0–2 3–4
UEFA Europa League Round of 32   Eintracht Frankfurt 2–2 1–4 3–6
2020–21 UEFA Champions League PO  

UEFA coefficient rankingEdit

As of 19 November 2019[43]
Rank Country Team Points
25   FC Salzburg 47.500


Current squadEdit

As of 28 July 2020[44]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1   GK Cican Stanković
4   MF Majeed Ashimeru
5   DF Albert Vallçi
6   DF Jérôme Onguéné
7   FW Sékou Koïta
8   FW Mërgim Berisha
9   FW Junior Adamu
11   FW Smail Prevljak
13   MF Nicolas Seiwald
14   MF Dominik Szoboszlai
15   DF André Ramalho
16   MF Zlatko Junuzović
17   DF Andreas Ulmer (captain)
No. Position Player
19   MF Mohamed Camara
20   FW Patson Daka
22   DF Oumar Solet
25   DF Patrick Farkas
27   FW Karim Adeyemi
28   MF Antoine Bernède
31   GK Carlos Miguel Coronel
33   GK Alexander Walke
37   MF Masaya Okugawa
39   DF Maximilian Wöber
43   DF Rasmus Nissen Kristensen
45   MF Enock Mwepu (vice-captain)
77   FW Noah Okafor

Out on loanEdit

As of 6 March 2019[45]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
3   DF Jasper van der Werff (at   FC Basel)
  MF Youba Diarra (at   FC St. Pauli)
  DF Darko Todorović (at   Holstein Kiel)
  DF Luca Meisl (at SKN St. Pölten)
  DF Asger Sørensen (at   Jahn Regensburg)
  MF Mathias Honsak (at   Holstein Kiel)
No. Position Player
  DF Gideon Mensah (at   SV Zulte Waregem)
  FW David Atanga (at   SpVgg Greuther Fürth)
  FW Samuel Tetteh (at LASK Linz)

Coaching staffEdit

Position Staff
Head coach   Jesse Marsch
Assistant coaches   Rene Aufhauser
Assistant coaches   Franz Schiemer
Additional coaches   Herbert Ilsanker

FC Liefering squadEdit

Since 2012, FC Liefering, currently participating in the Austrian First League, has been a farm team for Red Bull Salzburg.[46]

Managerial historyEdit

See alsoEdit


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  28. ^ a b "Red Bull and the fight for football's soul". Financial Times. 5 May 2017. Retrieved 1 September 2018.
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  30. ^ "Red Bull Salzburg Fans singen gegen RB Leipzig" [Red Bull Salzburg fans sing against RB Leipzig]. Faszination Fankurve (in German). Brühl: Faszination Fankurve, Sole trader: Johannes Mäling. 30 April 2015. Retrieved 1 September 2018.
  31. ^ Fritz, Thomas (27 June 2015). "Wenn Red-Bull-Fans "Scheiß RB Leipzig" singen" [When Red Bull fans sing "shit RB Leipzig"]. Zeit Online (in German). Hamburg: Zeit Online GmbH. Retrieved 1 September 2018.
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External linksEdit