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The Austrian Football Bundesliga (German: Österreichische Fußball-Bundesliga [ˈøːstɐʁaɪ̯çɪʃə ˈfuːsbal ˈbʊndəsliːɡa], Austrian Football Federal League) is the highest-ranking national league club competition in Austrian football. The competition decides the Austrian national football champions, as well the country's entrants for the various European cups run by UEFA. Since Austria stayed in sixteenth place in the UEFA association coefficient rankings at the end of the 2015–16 season,[1] the league gained its first spot for the UEFA Champions League. The Austrian Bundesliga, which began in the 1974–75 season, has been a separate registered association since 1 December 1991. It has been most won by the two Viennese giants Austria Wien, who were national champions 21 times, and Rapid Wien, who won the national title 32 times. Rapid’s Last title was in the 2007-08 Season. The current champions are Red Bull Salzburg. Hans Rinner is president of the Austrian Bundesliga. The Austrian Football Bundesliga is currently known as tipico Bundesliga for sponsorship reasons.

Austrian Football Bundesliga
Logo for Austrian Football Bundesliga.png
Founded1974
CountryAustria
ConfederationUEFA
Number of teams12
Level on pyramid1
Relegation toAustrian Football Second League
Domestic cup(s)Austrian Cup
Austrian Supercup
International cup(s)Champions League
Europa League
Current championsRed Bull Salzburg (13th title)
(2018–19)
Most championshipsSK Rapid Wien (32 titles)
Top goalscorerHans Krankl (270)
TV partnersORF, Sky Sport Austria
Websitewww.bundesliga.at
2019–20 season

Contents

HistoryEdit

1900–1938Edit

Football has been played in Austria since around 1890. Around the turn of the twentieth century two attempts were made to start a national championship. From 1900 onwards, a cup competition was played in Vienna, the Neues Wiener Tagblatt Pokal. This cup was actually played in league format.[2] The efforts to create a football league succeeded in 1911, with the introduction of the first Austrian football championship. The competition for this championship, the 1. Klasse (First Class), was created and organized by the Niederösterreichischer Fußball-Verband (the Lower Austrian Football Federation), and the participants played for the title of Niederösterreichische Landesmeister (Lower Austrian National Champion). From 1924, the league was considered professional and changed its name to I. Liga (First League).[3] In 1929, an all-Austrian amateur championship was first played, won by Grazer AK. Clubs from the professional league in Vienna were not part of this competition.[4] Teams from the other states of Austria were first allowed to join the highest division with the introduction of the Nationalliga (National League) in the season of 1937–38.[5]

 
In 1941 Rapid Wien won the German championship final against Schalke 04 4–3

1938–1945Edit

Austria's annexation by Germany in 1938 brought the Austrian Nationalliga to an early end. Numerous teams were disbanded and some players fled out of the country. The Austrian Nationalliga was integrated into the system of the NSRL, the Sports office of the Third Reich as the Gau XVII section under Gaufachwart Hans Janisch. Despised by Nazis as unworthy of a true German, professionalism in sports was outlawed in May 1938. "Innovations" like the Hitler salute were introduced as compulsory before and after every game. Teams, like Hakoah Wien were banned and others, like Austria Wien were first closed and then renamed. Finally, the operation of the junior teams was handed over to the local Hitlerjugend units.[6] The new highest league in what had been Austria, the Gauliga Ostmark, was an amateur league and covered the whole of the former country except Tyrol and Vorarlberg, which were added to the Bavarian league system.[7] The league champions now qualified for the German football championship, which Rapid Wien won in 1941. From 1941, the league was renamed Gauliga Donau-Alpenland to further eradicate the memory of Austria as an independent country. Following Nazi Germany's defeat in World War II and the disbandment of the NSRL, Austria's teams were excluded again from the German league.

1945–1974Edit

The league returned to a Vienna-only format in 1945, briefly named 1. Klasse once more before changing to just Liga in 1946. Only upon the introduction of the all-Austrian Staatsliga A in 1949 did teams from the whole federal territory finally play for the Austrian Championship. However, the road to organising the Staatsliga proved difficult. A conflict between the representatives of the amateur and the professional aspects of the sport led to the separation of the Viennese league from the football federation, and to the establishment of its own competition on 30 June 1949. At the statutory Presidential Election Council of the Austrian Football Association only a few days later a surprising turn took place – upon the request of Lower Austria, the introduction of the Staatsliga was finally and unanimously confirmed. The organization was in the hands of the Fußballstaatsliga Österreich, created for this purpose.[8] A Staatsliga B, the second division of national league football, was formed in 1950. This league, however, was disbanded again in 1959, whereby the Staatsliga A dropped the A from its name, the need for differentiating having been gone.[9] In 1965, however, the Austrian Football Association again took over the organization of the top division, with the (second) introduction of the Nationalliga.[10] On 21 April 1974, against the vote of the Vorarlberg association, the introduction of the Bundesliga was decided. The Nationalliga remained as the second division, for now.[11]

1974 to currentEdit

In the 1974–75 season the Bundesliga was introduced which, still led by the Austrian Football Association, aligned both of the highest divisions in Austria. In 1976, the Nationalliga was renamed to Bundesliga – Second Division while the Bundesliga was now called Bundesliga – First Division.[12] From 1974 to 1982 the league operated with ten clubs with each club playing the other four times during the season. From 1982 to 1985 it played with sixteen clubs with each club playing the others twice. The league's modus was changed in 1985 to a twelve team league which played a home -and away round in autumn. The top eight clubs then advanced to the championship round (Officially: Oberes Play-off) who again played each other twice. The bottom four of the autumn round played the top four of the First League to determine the four teams to play in the Bundesliga in the following season. This modus was used for the next eight seasons until 1993 when the league returned to the ten team format it originally operated in.[13] 26 years after dissolution of the independent Staatsliga on 17 November 1991, the Austrian Football Bundesliga was reconstituted as a federation and admitted on 1 December 1991 to the Austrian Football Association as its 10th member. From the 2018-19 Season the League will expand from its current 10 teams to 12 teams.[14]

Tasks and legal formEdit

Since 1991 the Bundesliga has carried its own responsibility as a separate association, and organises the championships of the two highest divisions in Austria. Both are named after their sponsors; since 2014 the Bundesliga is named after sports-betting company, Tipico.[15] The second division, called the "Erste Liga" or "First League," is sponsored by Sky Go. In addition the Bundesliga is responsible for the Toto Jugendliga, leagues for under 15/17/19 Teams of professional Clubs and academies. The Bundesliga also represents professional football in Austria, in co-operation with the football clubs themselves. The Bundesliga is legally a non-profit organisation. The twenty teams of the Tipico Bundesliga and the Sky Go Erste Liga constitute the members of the Bundesliga. The Bundesliga is represented by an acting executive committee, which supports a supervisory board. Each association of the two professional leagues is represented in presidential conferences; these have advisory function in all affairs concerning the Bundesliga.

Scopes of responsibility of the senatesEdit

The 'senates' are organising committees which consist of honorary and committee-members independent of the clubs. The first senate is responsible for suspensions and for the running of championship games. The second senate functions as an arbitration board for financial disagreements, the third senate is responsible for all financial concerns and the fourth senate is the panel of referees for the Bundesliga. The evaluation of a club's economic competency which is required in order to obtain a playing license for the two professional leagues takes place at the fifth senate, the Bundesliga license committee.

ObjectivesEdit

The Austrian Bundesliga carries the obligation for a positive development of football as a sport at the élite level, as well as for the advancement of the next generation of players in co-operation with the teams at the junior levels of the sport. To accomplish this, the Bundesliga requires economic audits of the teams, the introduction of laws particular to professional football, TV marketing, centralised sponsorship and collective marketing for all teams.

Tipico BundesligaEdit

In the Tipico Bundesliga, 10 teams play a "double championship" with each team playing every other twice at home and twice away during a championship year which is divided into an autumn and a spring season. The season typically lasts from July to June of the following year. At the end of the season, the team finishing in last place in the table is relegated to the Sky Go Erste Liga, the champion of which is promoted to the Tipico Bundesliga.

Member clubs for the 2019-20 seasonEdit

The Bundesliga champion and the second placed team qualify for the UEFA Champions League, and the clubs at positions 3 and 4, as well as the Austrian Cup winner, enter the qualification rounds for the UEFA Europa League. In the event that the Bundesliga champion is also the Austrian Cup winner, the fifth placed team enters the UEFA Europa League.

Location of teams in the 2019–20 Austrian Football Bundesliga

Team

Location

Venue

Capacity

Admira Wacker Mödling Maria Enzersdorf BSFZ-Arena 10,800
Austria Wien Vienna Ernst-Happel-Stadion 50,000
LASK Linz Linz Waldstadion Pasching 7,870
Rapid Wien Vienna Allianz Stadion 28,000
Red Bull Salzburg Wals-Siezenheim Red Bull Arena 30,188
Rheindorf Altach Altach Stadion Schnabelholz 8,500
St. Pölten Sankt Pölten NV Arena 8,000
Sturm Graz Graz Merkur-Arena 15,323
SV Mattersburg Mattersburg Pappelstadion 17,100
TSV Hartberg Hartberg Profertil Arena Hartberg 4,500
Wolfsberger AC Wolfsberg Lavanttal-Arena 7,300
WSG Wattens Wattens Alpenstadion 5,500

List of championsEdit

PerformanceEdit

Performance by clubEdit

Club Winners Runners-up Winning Seasons
Rapid Wien
32
26
1912, 1913, 1916, 1917, 1919, 1920, 1921, 1923, 1929, 1930, 1935, 1938, 1940, 1941, 1946, 1948, 1950–51, 1951–52, 1953–54, 1955–56, 1956–57, 1959–60, 1963–64, 1966–67, 1967–68, 1981–82, 1982–83, 1986–87, 1987–88, 1995–96, 2004–05, 2007–08
Austria Wien
22
19
1948–49, 1949–50, 1952–53, 1960–61, 1961–62, 1962–63, 1968–69, 1969–70, 1975–76, 1977–78, 1978–79, 1979–80, 1980–81, 1983–84, 1984–85, 1985–86, 1990–91, 1991–92, 1992–93, 2002–03, 2005–06, 2012–13
Red Bull Salzburg  
13
7
1993–94, 1994–95, 1996–97, 2006–07, 2008–09, 2009–10, 2011–12, 2013–14, 2014–15, 2015–16, 2016–17, 2017–18, 2018–19
Wacker Innsbruck (5) (4)
Swarovski Tirol (2) (1)
Tirol Innsbruck (3) (–)  
10
5
1970–71, 1971–72, 1972–73, 1974–75, 1976–77, 1988–89, 1989–90, 1999–00, 2000–01, 2001–02
SK Admira Wien (8) (5)
SC Wacker Wien (1) (7)
Admira Wacker Wien (–) (1) *
9
13
1926–27, 1927–28, 1931–32, 1933–34, 1935–36, 1936–37, 1938–39, 1946–47, 1965–66
First Vienna
6
6
1930–31, 1932–33, 1941–42, 1942–43, 1943–44, 1954–55
Wiener SK
3
7
1921–22, 1957–58, 1958–59
Sturm Graz
3
5
1997–98, 1998–99, 2010–11
Floridsdorfer AC
1
3
1917–18
Wiener AF
1
2
1913–14
LASK Linz
1
2
1964–65
VÖEST Linz
1
2
1973–74
Grazer AK
1
2
2003–04
Wiener AC
1
1
1914–15
Hakoah Vienna
1
1
1924–25
SpC Rudolfshügel
1
Brigittenauer AC
1
FC Wien
1
SV Ried
1

Notes:

Performance by cityEdit

City Clubs Winners Runners-up
Vienna
Rapid Wien (32) (26), Austria Wien (24) (18), First Vienna (6) (6), Wiener SK (3) (7), Floridsdorfer AC (1) (3), Wiener AF (1) (2), Wiener AC (1) (1), Hakoah Vienna (1) (1), SpC Rudolfshügel (–) (1), Brigittenauer AC (–) (1), FC Wien (–) (1)
69
67
Salzburg
Red Bull Salzburg (13) (7)  
13
7
Innsbruck
Wacker Innsbruck (5) (4), Swarovski Tirol (2) (1), Tirol Innsbruck (3) (–)  
10
5
Mödling
SK Admira Wien (8) (5), SC Wacker Wien (1) (7), Admira Wacker Wien (–) (1) *
9
13
Graz
Sturm Graz (3) (5), Grazer AK (1) (2)
4
7
Linz
VÖEST Linz (1) (2), LASK Linz (1) (1)
2
3
Ried im Innkreis
SV Ried (–) (1)
1

Top Scorers in BundesligaEdit

Season Player Goals Club
1974–75   Helmut Köglberger
22
LASK Linz
1975–76   Johann Pirkner
21
Austria Wien
1976–77   Hans Krankl
32
Rapid Wien
1977–78   Hans Krankl
41
Rapid Wien
1978–79   Walter Schachner
24
Austria Wien
1979–80   Walter Schachner
34
Austria Wien
1980–81   Gernot Jurtin
20
Sturm Graz
1981–82   Božo Bakota
24
Sturm Graz
1982–83   Hans Krankl
23
Rapid Wien
1983–84   Tibor Nyilasi
26
Austria Wien
1984–85   Toni Polster
24
Austria Wien
1985–86   Toni Polster
33
Austria Wien
1986–87   Toni Polster
39
Austria Wien
1987–88   Zoran Stojadinović
27
Rapid Wien
1988–89   Peter Pacult
26
Swarovski Tirol
1989–90   Gerhard Rodax
35
Admira Wacker
1990–91   Václav Daněk
29
Swarovski Tirol
1991–92   Christoph Westerthaler
17
Swarovski Tirol
1992–93   Václav Daněk
24
Tirol Innsbruck
1993–94   Nikola Jurčević
  Heimo Pfeifenberger
14
SV Salzburg
SV Salzburg
1994–95   Souleyman Sané
20
Tirol Innsbruck
1995–96   Ivica Vastić
22
Sturm Graz
1996–97   René Wagner
21
Rapid Wien
1997–98   Geir Frigård
23
LASK Linz
Season Player Goals Club
1998–99   Eduard Glieder
22
SV Salzburg
1999–00   Ivica Vastić
32
Sturm Graz
2000–01   Radosław Gilewicz
22
Tirol Innsbruck
2001–02   Ronald Brunmayr
27
Grazer AK
2002–03   Axel Lawarée
21
Schwarz-Weiß Bregenz
2003–04   Roland Kollmann
27
Grazer AK
2004–05   Christian Mayrleb
21
SV Pasching
2005–06   Sanel Kuljić
  Roland Linz
15
SV Ried
Austria Wien
2006–07   Alexander Zickler
22
Red Bull Salzburg
2007–08   Alexander Zickler
16
Red Bull Salzburg
2008–09   Marc Janko
39
Red Bull Salzburg
2009–10   Steffen Hofmann
20
Rapid Wien
2010–11   Roland Linz
  Roman Kienast
21
Austria Wien
Sturm Graz
2011–12   Jakob Jantscher
  Stefan Maierhofer
14
Red Bull Salzburg
2012–13   Philipp Hosiner
32
Austria Wien
2013–14   Jonathan Soriano
31
Red Bull Salzburg
2014–15   Jonathan Soriano
31
Red Bull Salzburg
2015–16   Jonathan Soriano
21
Red Bull Salzburg
2016–17   Olarenwaju Kayode
17
Austria Wien
2017–18   Moanes Dabour
16
Red Bull Salzburg

All-time top scorersEdit

As of matches played 14 April 2017.[16]
Rank Name Club Years Goals Apps Ratio
1   Hans Krankl Rapid Wien, Wiener SK & First Vienna 1970–89 270 361 0.75
2   Ivica Vastić Sturm Graz, Austria Wien, FC Admira Wacker, LASK Linz, VSE St. Pölten & First Vienna 1991–09 187 441 0.42
3   Peter Pacult Rapid Wien, FC Wacker Innsbruck, Austria Wien, Wiener SK & Blau-Weiß Linz 1980–96 186 396 0.47
4   Christian Mayrleb FC Wacker Innsbruck, Austria Wien, FC Admira Wacker, LASK Linz, Austria Salzburg & SV Pasching 1992–06 186 494 0.38
5   Alfred Drabitz Austria Wien, Wiener SK & First Vienna 1978–91 155 365 0.42
6   Mario Haas Sturm Graz 1992–12 145 451 0.32
7   Christoph Westerthaler FC Wacker Innsbruck, LASK Linz & SK Vorwärts Steyr 1983–97 131 378 0.35
8   Christian Keglevits Rapid Wien, LASK Linz, Austria Salzburg & Wiener SK 1979–93 129 405 0.32
9   Walter Knaller FC Admira Wacker & Blau-Weiß Linz 1980–92 127 333 0.38
10   Toni Polster Austria Wien & FC Salzburg 1982–00 122 158 0.77
11   Jonathan Soriano FC Salzburg 2012–17 120 144 0.83
  • Bold denotes players still playing in Bundesliga.

StatisticsEdit

UEFA coefficientsEdit

The following data indicates Austrian coefficient rankings between European football leagues.[17]

 

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "UEFA Country Ranking 2016". Bert Kassies. Retrieved 4 June 2016.
  2. ^ Liga-Fussball in Österreich 1900–1995 (in German) publisher: DSFS, published: 1996, page: 2, accessed: 16 April 2009
  3. ^ Liga-Fussball in Österreich 1900–1995 (in German) publisher: DSFS, published: 1996, page: 21, accessed: 16 April 2009
  4. ^ Liga-Fussball in Österreich 1900–1995 (in German) publisher: DSFS, published: 1996, page: 25, accessed: 16 April 2009
  5. ^ Liga-Fussball in Österreich 1900–1995 (in German) publisher: DSFS, published: 1996, page: 33, accessed: 16 April 2009
  6. ^ Kastler 1972, S. 56f
  7. ^ Liga-Fussball in Österreich 1900–1995 (in German) publisher: DSFS, published: 1996, page: 34, accessed: 16 April 2009
  8. ^ Liga-Fussball in Österreich 1900–1995 (in German) publisher: DSFS, published: 1996, page: 45, accessed: 16 April 2009
  9. ^ Liga-Fussball in Österreich 1900–1995 (in German) publisher: DSFS, published: 1996, page: 55, accessed: 16 April 2009
  10. ^ Liga-Fussball in Österreich 1900–1995 (in German) publisher: DSFS, published: 1996, page: 62, accessed: 16 April 2009
  11. ^ Liga-Fussball in Österreich 1900–1995 (in German) publisher: DSFS, published: 1996, page: 70, accessed: 16 April 2009
  12. ^ Liga-Fussball in Österreich 1900–1995 (in German) publisher: DSFS, published: 1996, page: 73, accessed: 16 April 2009
  13. ^ Austrian Football Bundesliga tables & results (in German) Weltfussball.de, accessed: 9 October 2015
  14. ^ "SportsBusiness Daily". M.sportsbusinessdaily.com. Retrieved 2018-02-20.
  15. ^ Announcement of renewal of Tipico Sponsorship, "With Tipico to the new Austrian Bundesliga era," tipico-group.com, March 29, 2018 (accessed: April 8, 2018).
  16. ^ "All time record goalscorer in Austria Bundesliga". Worldfootball.net. Retrieved 2018-02-20.
  17. ^ "UEFA European Cup Coefficients Database". Bert Kassies. Retrieved 15 March 2019.
  18. ^ "UEFA Country Ranking 2019 – kassiesA – Xs4all". Kassiesa.home.xs411.nl. Retrieved 14 March 2019.
  19. ^ "Club coefficients". uefa.com. Retrieved 15 March 2019.

External linksEdit