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Grasshopper Club Zürich

Grasshopper Club Zürich, commonly referred to as simply GC, GCZ, or Grasshoppers, is a multisports club based in Zürich, Switzerland. The oldest and best known department of the club is its football team. With 27 titles, Grasshopper holds the records for winning the most national championship titles and for the most successes in the Swiss Cup tournament, 19 victories in the competition.[1] The club is the oldest football team in Zürich and maintains a substantial rivalry with FC Zürich.[2]

Grasshopper Club Zürich
Grasshopper-Club Zürich Logo
Full nameGrasshopper Club Zürich
Nickname(s)GC, GCZ, Grasshoppers
Founded1 September 1886; 133 years ago (1886-09-01)
GroundLetzigrund, Zürich
Capacity26,104
ChairmanStephan Rietiker
ManagerUli Forte
LeagueSwiss Challenge League
2018–19Swiss Super League, 10th (Relegated)
WebsiteClub website
Current season

The origin of Grasshopper's name is unknown, although the most common explanation refers to its early players' energetic post-goal celebrations and that their style of play was nimble and energetic.[3]

After a number of appearances in European Cups and the UEFA Champions League, Grasshopper has become one of Switzerland's most recognizable football clubs. Today, in addition to its main football squad, the club has competitive professional and youth teams in rowing, ice hockey, handball, lawn tennis, court tennis, field hockey, curling, basketball, rugby, squash, floorball and beach soccer.[4]

HistoryEdit

 
Chart of GCZ table positions in the Swiss football league system

Before 1920: Foundation and first championship winsEdit

Grasshopper was founded on 1 September 1886 by Tom E. Griffith, an English student. Using a 20 Swiss franc donation, the club acquired an English football shirt in blue and white colours (as worn by Blackburn Rovers). The English students were from Manchester Grammar School in Manchester. Arthur J. Finck was one of the students who was part of the group that founded the club. Its first match came in October that year against ETH and ended in a goalless draw. In 1893, Grasshopper became the first Swiss team to play in (what was then) Germany, defeating Strasbourg 1–0.

The first Swiss championships (then called "Serie A") were held in 1897–98 and were won by Grasshopper, as was the first championship played using a league system in 1899–00.[5] After two more titles in 1901 and 1905, Grasshopper had to withdraw from the Swiss championships in 1909 because they lacked a suitable playing ground. They rejoined in 1916.

1920s: Dori Kürschner eraEdit

After rejoining the Swiss championship in 1916, GC won their fifth championship in 1921. In 1925 started the era of the Hungarian manager Izidor "Dori" Kürschner, a former member of the coaching staff of the Swiss national team that won the silver medal at the 1924 Olympics. Under Kürschner in the 1920s, Grasshopper won the championship twice (in 1927 and 1928) and also the first two editions of the Swiss Cup in 1925–26 and in 1926–27.

1930s: Beginning of Karl Rappan eraEdit

Dori Kürschner stayed with Grasshopper until 1934, winning another championship in 1931 and two more Swiss Cups in 1932 and 1934. Then started the era of Austrian coach Karl Rappan who managed also the Swiss national team for several years during that time. The first title under Rappan came in 1937 and the second one in 1939. They also won the Swiss Cup in 1937 and 1938.

1940s: More titles during World War IIEdit

Despite the turmoils of World War II the Swiss championships were held during the 1940s with the Grasshoppers winning in 1942, 1943 and 1945. Until Karl Rappan left the team in 1948, the team also won another five Cups (in 1940, 1941, 1942, 1943 and 1946).

1950s: Last successes for a long timeEdit

In 1952, Grasshopper won their 14th Swiss championship title and their 12th Swiss Cup. They managed to win the double again in 1956, but it turned out to be their last silverware for a long time, as they had to wait for 15 years until their next championship and for 27 years until their next Cup win. In 1956–57 Grasshopper participated for the first time in the European Cup which was founded in the previous season. They reached the quarter-finals where they were eliminated by Fiorentina.

Matches in European competitions in the 1950s:[6]

Season Competition Round Opponent Home Away Series
1956–57 European Cup R1   Slovan UNV Bratislava 2–0 0–1 2–1
QF   Fiorentina 2–2 1–3 3–5

1960s: No titlesEdit

During the 1960s, Grasshopper won no championships and no Cups. The best result was a second place in 1968, which qualified them to play in the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup, the predecessor of the UEFA Cup. However they had no success at European level either, and they were eliminated in the first round.

Matches in European competitions in the 1960s:[6]

Season Competition Round Opponent Home Away Series
1968–69 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup R1   Napoli 1–0 1–3 2–3

1970s: Return to success and UEFA Cup semi-finalEdit

In 1971 Grasshopper finally returned to the top of the Swiss league. After the end of the season, GC and FC Basel were tied at the top of the table and thus a play-off match was played in Bern. In front of 51,000 spectators, GC defeated Basel 4–3 after extra time to win their 16th championship. Throughout the decade Grasshopper was among the best Swiss teams and the next championship win came in 1978.

Thanks to their top finishes in the league, GC was able to play in European competitions almost every year. In 1978–79 they defeated Real Madrid in the second round of the European Cup, but lost the quarter-final against the eventual winner, Nottingham Forest. But their biggest European success to date came in the 1977–78 UEFA Cup where they reached the semi-final against French side Bastia. After a 3–2 win at home, they traveled to Corsica for the second leg but lost 0–1 and were eliminated due to the away goal rule.

Matches in European competitions in the 1970s:[6]

Season Competition Round Opponent Home Away Series
1970–71 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup R1   Dundee United 0–0 2–3 2–3
1971–72 European Cup R1   Reipas Lahti 8–0 1–1 9–1
R2   Arsenal 0–2 0–3 0–5
1972–73 UEFA Cup R1   Nîmes 2–1 2–1 4–2
R2   Ararat Yerevan 1–3 2–4 3–7
1973–74 UEFA Cup R1   Tottenham Hotspur 1–5 1–4 2–9
1974–75 UEFA Cup R1   Panathinaikos 2–0 1–2 3–2
R2   Real Zaragoza 2–1 0–5 2–6
1975–76 UEFA Cup R1   Real Sociedad 3–3 1–1 4–4 (a)
1976–77 UEFA Cup R1   Hibernians 7–0 2–0 9–0
R2   Köln 2–3 0–2 2–5
1977–78 UEFA Cup R1   BK Frem 6–1 2–0 8–1
R2   TJ Internacionál 5–1 0–1 5–2
R3   Dinamo Tbilisi 4–0 0–1 4–1
QF   Eintracht Frankfurt 1–0 2–3 3–3 (a)
SF   Bastia 3–2 0–1 3–3 (a)
1978–79 European Cup R1   Valletta 8–0 5–3 13–3
R2   Real Madrid 2–0 1–3 3–3 (a)
QF   Nottingham Forest 1–1 1–4 2–4
1979–80 UEFA Cup R1   Progrès Niedercorn 4–0 2–0 6–0
R2   Ipswich Town 0–0 1–1 1–1 (a)
R3   Stuttgart 0–2 0–3 0–5

1980s: Hat tricksEdit

The 1980s were a successful decade for Grasshopper. In the years 1982, 1983 and 1984, GC won the championship three times in a row, achieving the "title hat trick". In all three seasons, Servette from Geneva was their strongest rival, and in 1984 a championship-deciding game had to be staged in Bern because the two teams were equal on points after the regular season. GC won that match 1–0 by a converted penalty kick by Andy Egli in the 104th minute.

Grasshopper were also successful in the Cup competition: after winning in 1983 they also achieved a hattrick in the Cup, winning in 1988, 1989 and 1990. The last two of those wins were achieved with German manager Ottmar Hitzfeld. A notable success in European competitions came in 1980–81 UEFA Cup when GC reached the quarter-finals, but then were eliminated by French side Sochaux.

Matches in European competitions in the 1980s:[6]

Season Competition Round Opponent Home Away Series
1980–81 UEFA Cup R1   KB 3–1 5–2 8–3
R2   Porto 3–0 (aet) 0–2 3–2
R3   Torino 2–1 1–2 3–3 (p)
QF   Sochaux 0–0 1–2 1–2
1981–82 UEFA Cup R1   West Bromwich Albion 1–1 3–1 4–1
R2   Radnički Niš 2–0 0–2 2–2 (p)
1982–83 European Cup R1   Dynamo Kyiv 0–1 0–3 0–4
1983–84 European Cup R1   Dinamo Minsk 2–2 0–1 2–3
1984–85 European Cup R1   Budapest Honvéd 3–1 1–2 4–3
R2   Juventus 2–4 0–2 2–6
1987–88 UEFA Cup R1   Dynamo Moscow 0–4 0–1 0–5
1988–89 Cup Winners' Cup R1   Eintracht Frankfurt 0–0 0–1 0–1
1989–90 Cup Winners' Cup R1   Slovan Bratislava 0–3 4–0 (aet) 4–3
R2   Torpedo Moscow 3–0 1–1 4–1
QF   Sampdoria 0–2 1–2 1–4

1990s: Champions LeagueEdit

In 1995–96 Grasshoppers became the first Swiss team to play in the UEFA Champions League. After defeating Maccabi Tel Aviv to qualify, they played in group D against Ajax, Real Madrid and Ferencváros. They won no matches but achieved two draws, one against Ajax and one against Ferencváros.

In the following year, Grasshoppers qualified a second time for the Champions League, this time after defeating Slavia Prague. In group A with opponents Auxerre, Glasgow Rangers and again AFC Ajax, a more positive result was achieved. After home wins over Rangers and Auxerre and an away win at Ajax, a draw in the last game at home against Ajax would have secured qualification for the quarter finals. However, the game was lost 0–1 and Ajax advanced instead.

2000s: IncorporationEdit

With title wins in 2000–01 and 2002–03, the first decade of the 21st century started well, but since then no further successes were achieved. In 1997, Grasshopper incorporated and as of May 2005, it is formally organized as Neue Grasshopper Fussball AG. In doing so, Grasshopper became the first Swiss sports club to go public.[7]

On 20 May 2013, Grasshopper ended a ten-year trophy drought with a penalty shoot-out victory over FC Basel in the Swiss Cup final at the Stade de Suisse in Bern.[8] With a second-place finish in the 2012–13 Swiss Super League campaign, Grasshopper qualified for the Champions League for the first time in a decade, entering the competition at the third qualifying round.[9]

However the club entered a period of decline after their last championship in 2003. In 2011 they would likely have been relegated except for Sion's 36-point deduction and Neuchatel Xamax's expulsion from the league in January, and eight years later, in 2019, Grasshopper were relegated to the second division for the first time in 68 years.[10] The 2019 season included two abandoned matches due to Grasshopper fan behaviour.[11]

Matches in European competitions since 2002:[6]

Season Competition Round Opponent Home Away Series
2002–03 UEFA Cup R1   Zenit St. Petersburg 3–1 1–2 4–3
R2   PAOK 1–1 1–2 2–3
2003–04 UEFA Champions League Q3   AEK Athens 1–0 1–3 2–3
UEFA Cup R1   Hajduk Split 1–1 0–0 1–1 (a)
2005–06 UEFA Cup Q2   Wisła Płock 1–0 2–3 3–3 (a)
R1   MYPA 1–1 3–0 4–1
Group   Middlesbrough 0–1 5th place
  Litex Lovech 1–2
  Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk 2–3
  AZ 0–1
2006–07 UEFA Cup Q2   Videoton 2–0 1–1 3–1
R1   Åtvidabergs 5–0 3–0 8–0
Group   AZ 2–5 5th place
  Slovan Liberec 1–4
  Sevilla 0–4
  Braga 0–2
2008–09 UEFA Cup Q2   Lech Poznań 0–0 0–6 0–6
2010–11 UEFA Europa League Play-off   Steaua Bucureşti 1–0 0–1 1–1 (p)
2013–14 UEFA Champions League Q3   Lyon 0–1 0–1 0–2
2013–14 UEFA Europa League Play-off   Fiorentina 1–2 1–0 2–2 (a)
2014–15 UEFA Champions League Q3   Lille 0–2 1–1 1–3
2014–15 UEFA Europa League Play-off   Club Brugge 1–2 0–1 1–3
2016–17 UEFA Europa League Q2   KR 2–1 3–3 5–4
Q3   Apollon Limassol 2–1 3–3 5–4
Play-off   Fenerbahçe 0–2 0–3 0–5

Stadium and groundsEdit

Since September 2007, Grasshopper-Club Zürich has played all of its home matches in the Letzigrund stadium which is the regular home ground of FC Zürich. After the completion of the new Stadion Zürich (currently in planning stage), both teams are expected to play there.

From 1929 to 2007, Grasshopper had their own home ground in the Hardturm stadium. Before 1929, home matches were played at various other venues.

Training facilities are located in Niederhasli, where in 2005 the club opened a comprehensive facility including five practice pitches, apartments for youth players and offices.

HonoursEdit

As of 3 August 2016

PlayersEdit

Current squadEdit

As of 21 July 2019[12]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1   GK Mirko Salvi
4   DF Baba Souare
5   DF Aleksandar Cvetković
6   MF Allen Njie
7   MF Roberto Alves
8   MF Marko Bašić
9   FW Albion Avdijaj
10   MF Vero Salatić
11   MF Nikola Sukacev
13   FW Nassim Ben Khalifa
17   MF Sadik Vitija
18   MF Kévin Monzialo (on loan from Juventus)
19   DF Euclides Cabral
No. Position Player
21   DF Mersim Asllani
22   FW Momoh Francis
23   MF Nikola Gjorgjev
24   MF Robin Kamber
27   GK Mateo Matić
29   MF Djibril Diani
31   FW Amel Rustemoski
32   DF Anthony Goelzer
33   MF Giotto Morandi
34   DF Allan Arigoni
36   GK Marvin Keller
66   MF Petar Pusic

Out on loanEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
  MF Nedim Bajrami (at Empoli until 30 June 2020)
  FW Max Mata (at Nõmme Kalju until 31 December 2019)

Notable former playersEdit

Coaching staffEdit

Current coaching staff

Position Name Since
Manager   Ulrich Forte 2019
Assistant manager   Hakan Yakin August 2017
Assistant manager   Christoph Born April 2012
Doctor   Dr. Arya Pradana April 2017

Managers since 1925

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Vilotić seals Swiss Cup success for Grasshoppers". UEFA. 20 May 2013. Retrieved 9 June 2013.
  2. ^ "The great Zurich divide". FIFA. Retrieved 9 June 2013.
  3. ^ "GESCHICHTE DES GRASSHOPPER CLUB ZÜRICH". GCZ. Retrieved 9 June 2013.
  4. ^ "Sektionen". GCZ. Retrieved 9 June 2013.
  5. ^ "Grasshopper Club Zürich". FIFA. Retrieved 9 June 2013.
  6. ^ a b c d e "Search UEFA European Cup Matches".
  7. ^ "White Papers – Resource Library". TechRepublic.
  8. ^ "Soccer-Grasshoppers win Swiss Cup, end 10-year trophy drought". Reuters. 20 May 2013. Retrieved 9 June 2013.
  9. ^ "Soccer-Basel on verge of fourth successive title, Servette down". Reuters. 29 May 2013. Retrieved 9 June 2013.
  10. ^ Homewood, Brian (16 May 2019). "Relegation completes demise of most successful Swiss club". Reuters. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
  11. ^ Reidy, Paul (13 May 2019). "Relegated Grasshopper fans demand players surrender shirts". as.com.
  12. ^ Zürich, Grasshopper Club. "Kader – Grasshopper Club Zürich". www.gcz.ch.

External linksEdit