Swiss Challenge League
The Swiss Challenge League or Brack.ch Challenge League is the second highest tier of the Swiss football league system. Ten teams play in the Challenge League. The winners of the league are promoted to the Super League, while the bottom team is relegated to the 1. Liga Promotion.
|Founded||1898 as Swiss Serie B|
1933 as Nationalliga B
|Other club(s) from||Liechtenstein|
|Number of teams||10|
|Level on pyramid||2|
|Promotion to||Super League|
|Relegation to||Promotion League|
|Domestic cup(s)||Swiss Cup|
|Current champions||Servette |
The Challenge League is partially professional. In 2011, about half the players in the Challenge League worked additional jobs in addition to playing football. Unlike other countries, Switzerland does not have a distinction between professional and semi-professional football.
Participating clubs 2018/2019Edit
|FC Aarau||26/05/1902||Aarau||Stadion Brügglifeld||8.000|
|FC Chiasso||16/10/1905||Chiasso||Riva IV||5.000|
|FC Schaffhausen||01/07/1896||Schaffhausen||LIPO Park Schaffhausen||8.085|
|Servette FC||20/03/1890||Geneva||Stade de Genève||28.833|
|FC Vaduz||14/02/1932||Vaduz||Rheinpark Stadion||7.564|
|FC Wil 1900||1900||Wil||IGP Arena||6.010|
Promotion/Relegation from 2018–19 seasonEdit
- FC Lausanne-Sport was relegated from the Swiss Super League.
- Neuchâtel Xamax finished first in the Challenge League and was promoted to the Swiss Super League.
- FC Wohlen was relegated from the Challenge League by finishing 10th
- SC Kriens finished first in the 1. Liga Promotion and was promoted to the Challenge League.
The league was named Nationalliga B until 2003 when it was restructured and changed to the "Challenge League."
During the Nationalliga B era, the top clubs were "promoted" into a round robin playoff with the lowest teams in the Nationalliga A to determine promotion and relegation. From 2003 to 2012, the second placed team entered a two-legged playoff against the 9th placed team in the Super League, with the winner playing in the higher division next season. In 2012, with the creation of the 1. Liga Promotion, the league was reduced to 10 teams in a 1-up 1-down promotion/relegation format, scrapping the playoff.
Nationalliga B EraEdit
1 FC Lugano and FC Lausanne-Sport went bankrupt which meant that no team was relegated due to their league position. FC Sion were not awarded a license for the 2003-04 season resulted in an extra team being promoted.
Challenge League EraEdit
|1Sion were admitted to the league on October 29, 2003, after the season had already begun which brought the number of teams in the division to 17.|
Only one club was relegated and two were promoted to extend the league to 18 clubs for the 2004–05 season.
2Baden were not relegated due to Servette being demoted to 1. Liga because of financial difficulties.
- Swiss Serie B RSSSF
- Swiss Football League - Nationalliga B RSSSF
- Gammelsæter, Hallgeir; Senaux, Benoit (7 July 2011). "The Organisation and Governance of Top Football Across Europe: An Institutional Perspective". Routledge – via Google Books.
- "Schweiz » Challenge League » Siegerliste" [Switzerland: Challenge League » List of champions] (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 26 May 2016.
- "Schweiz » Challenge League 2015/2016 » 36. Spieltag" [Switzerland: Challenge League »2015–16] (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 26 May 2016.