Dynamo Dresden

Sportgemeinschaft Dynamo Dresden e.V., commonly known as SG Dynamo Dresden or Dynamo Dresden, is a German football club in Dresden, Saxony.[1] It was founded on 12 April 1953, as a club affiliated with the East German police,[2] and became one of the most popular and successful clubs in East German football, winning eight league titles.[3] After the reunification of Germany, Dynamo played four seasons in the top division Bundesliga (1991–95),[3][4] but have since drifted between the second and fourth tiers.[5] The club was relegated from the 2. Bundesliga to the 3. Liga at the end of the 2019–20 season.

Dynamo Dresden
Dynamo Dresden logo 2011.svg
Full nameSportgemeinschaft Dynamo Dresden e. V.
Nickname(s)SGD, Dynamo
Founded12 April 1953; 68 years ago (1953-04-12)
GroundRudolf-Harbig-Stadion, Dresden
Capacity32,085
ChairmanHolger Scholze
ManagerAlexander Schmidt
League3. Liga
2019–202. Bundesliga, 18 of 18 (relegated)
WebsiteClub website
Current season

HistoryEdit

Early years (1950–1954)Edit

 
Historical chart of Dynamo Dresden league performance

The city of Dresden played a significant part in German football before and during World War II. Local football team Dresdner SC won the national championships in 1943 and 1944. The occupying Allied authorities dissolved organizations across Germany, including sports clubs like Dresdner SC, after the war as part of the process of denazification. Dresdner SC was reestablished in 1946 as SG Friedrichstadt. However, the eastern part of Germany, including Dresden, was under Soviet control, and the sports club was considered too bourgeois by authorities.[6]

SG Friedrichstaft met ZSG Horst Zwickau at the Heinz-Steyer-Stadion in Dresden on 16 April 1950. The match would practically decide which of the two teams that would win the East German championship in the 1949-50 season. The match was attended by 60,000 specatators at the Heinz-Steyer-Stadion.[7] Also the SED First secretary Walter Ulbricht and his entourage were present.[8] ZSG Horch Zwickau had been founded only one year earlier and embodied the form of organization that the SED and the state leadership wanted to promote for the sports movement they propagated.[8] ZSG Horch Zwickau won the match 1-5 and became East German champions. The match was characterized by a very physical play from ZSG Horch Zwickau and several controversial referee decisions in favor of ZSG Horch Zwickau. The players of SG Friedrichstadt left the pitch without greeting their opponents and thousands of angry Dresden spectators invaded the pitch.[7][9] East German sports authorities took these events as a pretext to dissolve SG Friedrichstadt and delegate the players to BSG VVB Tabak Dresden.[2]

The city needed a new, ideologically safe representative in the DDR-Oberliga. BSG VVB Tabak Dresden was planned to take over the place of SG Friedrichstadt in the DDR-Oberliga. However, most players from the former team of SG Friedrichstadt, including player-coach Helmut Schön, did not agree with the move and left Dresden to join Hertha BSC or other clubs under the German football Association (DFB).[7] To save the place in the DDR-Oberliga for Dresden, the place was instead given to SV Deutsche Volkspolizei Dresden.

SV Deutsche Volkzpolizei Dresden was founded as SG Volkspolizei Dresden in October 1948. The sports community was incorporated into the new sports association SV Deutsche Volkspolizei in 1950 and renamed SV Deutsche Volkspolizei Dresden. SV Deutsche Volkspolizei Dresden played in the Stadtliga Dresden at the time of the dissolution of SG Fredrichsstadt.[10][11] SV Deutsche Volkspolizei Dresden was thus able to enter DDR-Oberliga without having to progress through divisions.[9] In order to put together a strong team for SV Deutsche Volkspolizei Dresden to the 1950-51 DDR-Oberliga, the 40 best players of the various Volkspolizei teams in East Germany were brought together for a training session in Forst in July 1950. Coaches Fritz Sack and Paul Döring picked out 17 players from 11 different cities who were delegated to Dresden to form the team.[12][7][10][2] SV Deutsche Volkspolizei Potsdam lost five players to Dresden, including Herbert Schoen, Johannes Matzen and Günter Schröter, and was severely weakened.[9][13] SV Deutsche Volkspolizei Dresden quickly established itself as a force in East German football. The team won its first title in the 1951-52 FDGB-Pokal.[2]

The new sports association SV Dynamo was founded on 27 March 1953. SV Dynamo was formed from SV Deutsche Volkspolizei and the sports communities of the Secretariat of State Security, commonly known as the Stasi. The president of SV Dynamo was Erich Mielke, at the time deputy head of the Stasi.[14] SV Deutsche Volkspolizei was incorporated into SV Dynamo and reformed as Dynamo Dresden on 12 April 1953. The official founding date of Dynamo Dresden has since been 12 April 1953. Shortly after this, the club claimed its first league title.[2]

Hovewer, the success, proved to be the club's undoing. The team of Dynamo Dresden was relocated to Berlin in November 1954 to play for SC Dynamo Berlin in the DDR-Oberliga.[2][15] The remainder of Dynamo Dresden was left to regroup in the second-tier DDR-Liga, taking over the place in the DDR Liga, as well as points and goals, from dissolved SC DHFK Leipzig.[2] Political factors and pressure from Erich Mielke were probably the main reasons behind the relocation of Dynamo Dresden to Berlin.[16][15] The relocation was meant to provide the capital with a competitive team that could rival Hertha BSC, Blau-Weiß 1890 Berlin and Tennis Borussia Berlin, which were still popular in East Berlin and drew football fans to West Berlin.[17][16][15]

Re-emergence (1954–1969)Edit

Dynamo Dresden were left with a team composed of youth and reserve players, and had dropped to the fourth tier by 1957, playing in the local Bezirksliga.[18][2] Dynamo Dresden began to climb the divisions, though,[2][19] and by 1962 they were back in the DDR-Oberliga,[19] and although this first season ended in relegation, they bounced back immediately.[19] They recovered equally well from another relegation in 1968,[19] and remained in the Oberliga from 1969 until its dissolution in 1991. This relegation came after a fourth-place finish in 1967, which enabled Dynamo's first foray into European football – they entered the 1967–68 Fairs Cup, where they were eliminated by Scottish side Rangers in the first round.[19]

East German football was reorganized during the 1965–66 season. Ten football departments were separated from their sports clubs to create ten dedicated football clubs (FC). The best talents in the country were ment to be concentrated in the new football cubs, with the object to bring stability to the game at the top level and to develop players for the national team.[15] Dynamo Dresden was declared a regional center of excellence (German: Leistungszentrum) by the district board of the DTSB on 5 August 1968 and would enjoy the same privileges as a designated football club, although it retained its designation as a "Sports Community" (German: Sportgemeinschaft) (SG).[20][21] The club could now search for talents in the whole regional district.[21]

Glory years (1969–1978)Edit

 
The championship-winning squad of 1975–76

During the 1970s, Dynamo established themselves as one of the top teams in East Germany, under the management of Walter Fritzsch. They won five league titles (1971, 1973, 1976, 1977 and 1978),[3] and two cups, (1971 and 1977).[3] They battled with 1. FC Magdeburg for domination of the league, and became the most popular the side in the country, regularly drawing crowds of 25,000, around three times what other clubs were attracting.[15] They also began to establish themselves as a presence in European football – they played in European competition every year during the 1970s, and eliminated some big names – beating FC Porto, Juventus[22] and Benfica on their way to four quarter-final finishes.[23] During this time Dynamo came up against West German opposition for the first time, losing against Bayern Munich 7–6 on aggregate in the last 16 of the 1973–74 European Cup.[22] Dynamo Dresden lost the first leg 4-3 away in Munich and managed a 3-3 draw home at the Dynamo-Stadion. The Stasi had tapped the salon at the Interhotel Newa in Dresden were the Bayern Munich team held their final meeting before the second leg. And a message with information about the line-up of Bayern Munich was quickly sent by motorcycle to the coach of Dynamo Dresden Walter Fritzsch in preparation for the match.[24] On three occasions they were eliminated by English side Liverpool, twice in the UEFA Cup and once in the European Cup,[23] and each time Liverpool went on to win the competition. In 1973, Hans-Jürgen Kreische was the first Dynamo Dresden player to be named East German Footballer of the Year, and was followed by Hans-Jürgen Dörner in 1977.[25] Kreische was the league's leading goalscorer on four occasions,[26] and was named in East Germany's squad for the 1974 World Cup, along with teammate Siegmar Wätzlich.[27]

History was to repeat itself, though, at the end of the 1970s. Erich Mielke, again jealous that provincial clubs were dominating the league while his beloved BFC Dynamo were starved of success, allegedly began to manipulate the league in favour of the side from the capital.[14][28]

Capital dominance (1978–1991)Edit

 
Matthias Sammer lifts the FDGB-Pokal trophy in 1990

BFC Dynamo stood out among other clubs within SV Dynamo. The club was located at the frontline of the Cold war and was a representative of the capital of East Germany. This meant that the club had to be well equipped.[29] BFC Dynamo was considered the favorite club of the president of SV Dynamo and the head of the Stasi Erich Mielke.[30][31] Under the patronage of Erich Mielke and the Stasi, BFC Dynamo would get access to the best training facilities, equipment, coaching staff and talents.[32][33][15]

East German football had generally been set up in favour of the designated football clubs (FC), who had access to talents within designated areas.[15] Dynamo Dresden was a center of excellence in Bezirk Dresden, which meant that the club had privileged acess to talents in the whole regional district.[21] However, BFC Dynamo would be able to draw on talents from all parts of East Germany, except Bezirk Dresden.[15][34][30] The club benefited from a nation-wide scouting network, which included numerous training centers (TZ) of SV Dynamo.[35] BFC Dynamo would have the best material conditions in the league and the best team by far.[36] BFC Dynamo won ten consecutive titles, from 1979 to 1988. Of all clubs, Dynamo Dresden were the most affected by their success, finishing runners-up on six occasions.[5]

However, Dynamo Dresden also had its patrons. According to Hans-Jürgen Dörner, the club was helped to remain a top club by three local politicians. One of them was Hans Modrow, long time SED First secretary in Bezirk Dresden.[37] And another one was Manfred Scheler, the head of the Regional Council, who was active in using his connections to provide players with shortage goods and services, such as a cars and apartments.[37] The club also benefited from support by Stasi Major General Horst Böhm, the Head of the Regional Administration of the Stasi in Dresden, who took involvement in the appointment and dismissal of trainers and the contracts of players.[37][38] According to Hans-Jürgen Dörner, Horst Böhm put local patriotism first in the rivalry with BFC Dynamo. And the rivalry between fans of the two Dynamo clubs even spread to members of Stasi's own units in Dresden.[38]

 
Dynamo v. VfB Stuttgart in the semi-final of the 1988–89 UEFA Cup

Walter Fritzsch had retired in 1978, and was succeeded by Gerhard Prautzsch,[5] who was in turn followed by former players Klaus Sammer (1983–86), Eduard Geyer (1986–90) and Reinhard Häfner (1990–91).[5] The star players of the 1970 were replaced by a new generation, including Torsten Gütschow, Ulf Kirsten, Matthias Sammer, and Andreas Trautmann, although the club lost three key players in 1981: Gerd Weber, who along with teammates Peter Kotte and Matthias Müller had been offered a lucrative contract with 1. FC Köln, intended to flee to the West while in Udine for national team match against Italy in April 1981.[39] The Stasi somehow got wind of this plan, and in January 1981 the three players were arrested at Schönefeld Airport, from where the national team was about depart for Argentina, and banned for life from the DDR-Oberliga.[39] Weber was sentenced to two years' imprisonment. Kotte and Müller, who had decided to stay in Dresden, were nonetheless punished for their knowledge of Weber's plans.[39][40] Dynamo Dresden managed to win the FDGB-Pokal three times (1982 and 1984, 1985).[3]

During the 1980s, the club continued to be a regular participant in European football, generally earning respectable results.[23] In the 1985–86 Cup Winners' Cup, however, they were on the receiving end of a shocking defeat against Bayer Uerdingen of West Germany: having won the first leg 2–0, they were 3–1 up at half-time in the second leg, when goalkeeper Bernd Jakubowski was injured by Uerdingen's Wolfgang Funkel. Debutant Jens Ramme was introduced, and proceeded to let in six goals, as the team lost 7–3.[41] In addition to this, striker Frank Lippmann took the opportunity of the match in Krefeld to escape to the west.[42] Dynamo recorded their best ever European performance in the 1988–89 UEFA Cup, beating AS Roma on the way to a semi-final defeat against VfB Stuttgart.[41] Their last European campaign was the 1990–91 European Cup, which ended in defeat to eventual winners Red Star Belgrade. Dynamo's fans rioted at the second leg, which resulted in the club being banned from Europe for the following season.[4]

Towards the end of the 1980s, the Stasi's influence over football was waning,[14] and Dynamo Dresden reclaimed the title in 1989, and retained it in 1990, adding a cup win to complete a double.[4] By this point the Berlin Wall had fallen, and many of the top players in East Germany took the opportunity to head west. In the summer of 1990, Dynamo Dresden lost two star players, Ulf Kirsten and Matthias Sammer joining Bayer Leverkusen and VfB Stuttgart respectively. With German reunification looming, many clubs in the East changed their name to shed their Soviet image, and Dynamo Dresden changed from SG to the more traditional 1. FC.[4] The Oberliga also changed name for its final season: the league, now called the NOFV-Oberliga, was used to determine which places the East German clubs would take in the unified German league. Dynamo Dresden finished second, behind Hansa Rostock, thus qualifying for the Bundesliga.[4]

Bundesliga (1991–1995)Edit

 
Matthias Maucksch made 118 Bundesliga appearances for Dynamo, more than any other player, and was manager of the club from 2009 to 2011.

Having been among the top clubs in the East, Dynamo found life in the Bundesliga much harder, struggling both financially and on the pitch. They spent four years at this level,[5] during which they were in a near-constant battle against relegation. Their highest placing was 13th in 1993–94, but the following year they succumbed to the drop, finishing in last place,[4] having gone through three managers (Sigfried Held, Horst Hrubesch and Ralf Minge) during the season.[5] To add to this, the club had accumulated debts of more than 10 million DM, and were denied a license to play in the 2. Bundesliga, and had to drop down to the third tier Regionalliga Nordost.[4] Rolf-Jürgen Otto, the club's president was jailed for having embezzled around 3 Million DM from the club.[4]

While many of the stars of the 1980s had moved west, some remained for Dynamo's Bundesliga tenure, including Torsten Gütschow and Hans-Uwe Pilz, while the club was able to attract players from other Eastern clubs, including Olaf Marschall, René Müller and Heiko Scholz. The fall of the wall brought the influx of Dynamo's first foreign players, and the club saw internationals from Australia (Mark Schwarzer), Poland (Piotr Nowak), Russia (Stanislav Cherchesov) and Sweden (Johnny Ekström), among others.

Ups and downs (1995–2006)Edit

Dynamo sought to regroup in the Regionalliga, and again looked to former players to manage the team, being led by Hans-Jürgen Kreische (1995–96), Udo Schmuck (1996) and Hartmut Schade (1996–1998), but failed to seriously challenge for promotion. In 1998 they finished second in the table, but with 60 points: 32 behind champions Tennis Borussia Berlin. 1999–2000 saw a restructuring of the Regionalliga: the four leagues were to be reduced to two, and Dynamo would have to finish in the top 7 to avoid relegation. Having finished 11th in the previous season they turned to Colin Bell,[4] an English coach who had had some success with youth football in Germany, but he left in March 2000 after poor results and a player revolt.[43] Cor Pot, a Dutchman, was brought in to replace him,[43] and he turned the team around, but it was too late – they finished in eighth place, and were relegated to the fourth-tier Oberliga Nordost-Süd.[43] By this point Dynamo were not even the top team in Dresden: Dresdner SC had returned after reunification, and finished as runners-up in the Regionalliga Nordost in 2000.

 
Volker Oppitz was a key player in Dynamo's rise from the Oberliga to the 2. Bundesliga

Optimism was high, though, after the way the last season had ended, and the slogan "Wir kommen wieder" (we're coming back), was adopted. However, the Oberliga was now highly competitive with VfB Leipzig, 1. FC Magdeburg and FSV Zwickau also having been relegated, and Dynamo couldn't match the consistency of their main promotion rivals Magdeburg and Leipzig. A 2–1 defeat against Magdeburg in February ended their promotion chances, and Pot resigned.[43] With nothing to play for, Dynamo slumped to fifth place.[43] For the following season Christoph Franke was brought in as manager,[43] and led the club to promotion – they won the league[43] with only two defeats, and beat Hertha BSC's reserve team in a playoff to earn their place in the Regionalliga Nord.[43] Dynamo's youth system was particularly successful during this period, with players including Lars Jungnickel, Silvio Schröter, Maik Wagefeld and Daniel Ziebig going on to play at a higher level.

Dynamo finished a respectable 7th in their first season back in the third tier, and followed that with another promotion,[43] finishing second behind Rot-Weiß Essen. Life in the 2. Bundesliga began brightly, with a 3–1 win against MSV Duisburg, but by the halfway point of their first season they were facing relegation, with only 18 points. They recovered strongly in the second half of the season though, and finished in 8th place, thanks in part to signings such as Ansgar Brinkmann, Joshua Kennedy and Klemen Lavric. The 2005–06 season began in a similar way, as Dynamo climbed to third place with a 2–1 win over 1860 Munich in the Allianz Arena,[43] but this was followed by thirteen matches without a win, resulting in the dismissal of Christoph Franke. Austrian manager Peter Pacult was brought in,[43] with results improving temporarily, but Dynamo ultimately still failed to avoid relegation, finishing 15th.[43]

Consolidation (2006–present)Edit

Dynamo were back in the Regionalliga with the immediate aim of promotion, but despite a successful start, Peter Pacult left the club after six matches for a chance to manage his former club, Rapid Vienna.[43] He was replaced by Norbert Meier,[43] but Dynamo could not keep up their promotion bid, and finished seventh, due in part to poor away form. Another re-organisation of the league structure was looming, and Dynamo knew they'd have to finish in the top-10 to qualify for the new national 3. Liga. A number of former star players returned, including Lars Jungnickel, Marek Penksa and Maik Wagefeld,[43] but results were not consistent, and Meier was sacked, replaced by former coach Eduard Geyer.[43] Dynamo secured qualification on the last day, finishing eighth,[43] but Geyer was dismissed due to disagreements with the board.[43] In 2007, the club reverted to the name SG Dynamo Dresden.[43]

The club turned to Ruud Kaiser, a Dutchman with a good reputation at youth level, as Geyer's replacement.[43] They played in the first ever match of the third Liga, beating Rot-Weiß Erfurt 1–0 with a goal from Halil Savran,[43] but results were not consistent, and they could only finish in mid-table.[43] The 2009–10 season began badly, and Dynamo were in relegation trouble, so Kaiser was sacked and replaced by Matthias Maucksch, a former player who had had some success with the reserve team.[43] Maucksch managed to drag the team safely from relegation, and finished the season in 12th place. Maucksch led the team to contention for a playoff place during the 2010–11 season, but was sacked in April after a run of five games without a win, and was replaced by Ralf Loose.[44] Loose ended the season unbeaten and secured third place, and a playoff against VfL Osnabrück which Dynamo won 4–2 on aggregate to earn promotion to the 2. Bundesliga.[45]

Dynamo Dresden performed well in their first season back in the league. Consistently holding a position in the middle of the standings, the team was never in danger of being relegated. After securing a highly memorable 4–3 victory after being down three goals against Bayer Leverkusen in the first round of the 2011–12 DFB-Pokal season, Dynamo was excluded from the 2012/2013 DFB-Pokal due to fan excesses and abuse of fireworks during the second round match against Borussia Dortmund (0–2) in a first trial. The sentence was later turned into one Game behind closed doors and one away game without own fan support. Virtual tickets were offered to reduce the financial loss, leading to what was purported to be the first sold-out ghost game in history.[46][47] The 2012–13 season started poorly for Dynamo and Ralf Loose was sacked in December 2012 after a 3–0 defeat to VfL Bochum with the team in 15th place.[48] He was replaced by Peter Pacult, returning to the club after more than six years.[49] Dynamo's form improved after Pacult's arrival but the team still finished the league as 16th.[50] Due to this Dynamo had to enter relegation play-offs again after just two seasons, incidentally meeting VfL Osnabrück once more, with their roles now reversed. Dynamo emerged victorious with 2–1 on aggregate and remained in the second tier for the 2013–14 season. Pacult was sacked in August 2013 after a poor start and replaced with Olaf Janßen.[51] Jansen was unable to save the club from the drop to the 3. Liga after they lost 3–2 at home to relegation rivals Arminia Bielefeld to drop into 17th place,[52] ultimately costing Jansen his job.[53] Dynamo had drawn half of their matches, winning just five all season.[54]

Under their new coach Stefan Böger, the club completely overhauled the squad with the intent of returning to the 2. Bundesliga as soon as possible. In August 2014, the team managed to knock Bundesliga giants FC Schalke 04 out of the first round of the DFB-Pokal, beating them with 2–1.[55] The team advanced to the third round after beating VfL Bochum 2–1[56] but were ultimately knocked out by Borussia Dortmund.[57] Böger was sacked in February 2015,[58] with assistant coach Peter Németh taking over for the remainder for the season. The team finished 6th in the 2014–15 season.[59] Under new manager Uwe Neuhaus, Dynamo went on to have a hugely successful season and officially returned to second level competition after a 2–2 draw at an away match against FC Magdeburg on 16 April 2016.[60]

Season-by-season recordEdit

SV DynamoEdit

When they were founded as SG Volkspolizei, the club was sponsored by the East German police force, and in 1953, when they became Dynamo Dresden they were part of the SV Dynamo, the sport organization of the security agencies.[14] Dynamo were the most powerful of all the sports societies, and this conferred certain advantages on the club.[15][61] While many former security service clubs have struggled to shed their negative image, particularly BFC Dynamo, Dynamo Dresden remain popular and well-supported, having come to represent their home city.

StadiumEdit

Dynamo plays at the Rudolf-Harbig-Stadion,[62] which was opened in 1923, and also originally named the Rudolf-Harbig-Stadion after local track and field athlete Rudolf Harbig. The stadium was renamed Dynamo-Stadion by the East German authorities in 1971, but reverted to its former name after the reunification. With an original capacity of 24,000 spectators, the stadium was rebuilt in the beginning of the 1990s, in line with DFB and FIFA regulations, and was thoroughly modernised between June 2007 and December 2009. The modernized stadium opened on 15 September 2009 with a friendly match against Schalke 04 and has a capacity of 32,066 spectators.[63]

SupportersEdit

 
The K-Block terrace of the Rudolf-Harbig-Stadion.

Dynamo were one of East Germany's best-supported clubs, regularly drawing crowds of around 25,000 during their heyday. Since reunification attendance levels have fluctuated along with the team's fortunes, while they were still one of the most well-supported teams in the lower leagues, drawing an average of around 10–15,000 fans in the 3. Liga. Following their 2011 advance to the 2nd League, they were again drawing crowds of 25,000. The 2013–14 season average attendance reached 27,004.[64] Dynamo's supporters have very close relations with FK Sarajevo fans, Horde zla.[65][66] In December 2020, Dynamo fans bought 72,000 tickets for the cup match at home to Darmstadt, even though it was played in an empty stadium - to show support for the struggling club.[67]

Relationships with other clubsEdit

 
The two Dynamos meet in 1988: Andreas Thom of Berlin (left) and Andreas Trautmann of Dresden (right).

Dynamo Dresden have a particularly fractious relationship with BFC Dynamo, who took over the first team and the place in the DDR-Oberliga from Dynamo Dresden in 1954, then as a football section of SC Dynamo Berlin. BFC Dynamo were their main obstacle to success in the 1980s,[15] but the two clubs rarely meet these days. 1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig were traditionally Dynamo's main rivals in the battle for Saxon dominance, although this rivalry extends to other clubs including Chemnitzer FC, formerly FC Sachsen Leipzig, Erzgebirge Aue, and most recently upstart RB Leipzig, though the clubs' disparate financial capabilities have so far prevented them from ever playing in the same division, their only official encounter thus far being a first-round match in the 2016–17 DFB-Pokal season, in which Dresden celebrated a hard-fought victory.[68]

Dynamo's most noteworthy rival in their home city are Dresdner SC, although they are perpetually ill-matched, as Dresdner SC are mired in local football leagues. Another club, SC Borea Dresden were formed out of SG Dynamo Dresden-Heide, a former feeder club for Dynamo, but there is no longer an official connection.

Colours and crestEdit

When they were formed as SG Volkspolizei Dresden, the club wore green and white, the state colours of Saxony,[2] but when the team became part of SV Dynamo they adopted the sports society's wine red colour scheme.[2] In 1968, the club adopted its current colours of yellow and black, the city colours of Dresden.[19]

The club's original crest was built around the shield of the Volkspolizei, to whom they were affiliated. In 1953 they adopted the D logo of SV Dynamo, which was retained until reunification, when its wine red background was replaced with Saxon green. They reverted to the red background in the early 2000s.

PlayersEdit

Current squadEdit

As of 4 February 2021[69]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
1 GK   GER Kevin Broll
3 DF   GER Leroy Kwadwo
4 DF   GER Tim Knipping
5 MF   GER Yannick Stark
6 MF   GER Marco Hartmann
7 FW   GRE Panagiotis Vlachodimos
8 MF   DOM Heinz Mörschel
9 FW   GER Pascal Sohm
10 MF   GER Patrick Weihrauch
11 FW   GER Agyemang Diawusie
13 MF   GER Marvin Stefaniak (on loan from Wolfsburg)
14 FW   AUT Philipp Hosiner
15 DF   GER Chris Löwe
16 DF   GER Robin Becker
17 MF   GER Maximilian Großer
No. Pos. Nation Player
19 DF   GER Jonathan Meier (on loan from Mainz 05)
20 MF   GER Julius Kade
22 DF   GER Niklas Kreuzer
23 GK   GER Stefan Kiefer
24 GK   GER Patrick Wiegers
26 DF   GER Sebastian Mai (captain)
27 MF   GER Jonas Kühn
28 MF   GER Paul Will
33 MF   GER Christoph Daferner
34 MF   GER Justin Löwe
35 FW   GER Ransford-Yeboah Königsdörffer
36 MF   GER Max Kulke
37 FW   SVN Luka Štor
39 DF   GER Kevin Ehlers

Players out on loanEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
FW   CZE Vasil Kušej (at FK Ústí nad Labem until 30 June 2021)

Technical staffEdit

Name Role
  Ralf Becker Sporting director
  Markus Kauczinski Manager
  Heiko Scholz Assistant manager
   Ferydoon Zandi Assistant manager
  David Yelldell Goalkeeping coach
  Tobias Lange Physiotherapist
  Julian Binder Physiotherapist
  Korbinian Dötter Physiotherapist
  Dietmar Preußer Equipment manager

Dynamo Dresden IIEdit

The club's reserve team, Dynamo Dresden II, played until 2015 in the tier five NOFV-Oberliga Süd. It has played at this level since 2009 with a fourth place in 2012 as its best result.[70][71] In March 2015 the club announced that it would withdraw the reserve team from league competition and instead enter it in a friendlies competition with the reserve teams of Chemnitzer FC, Hallescher FC, Sparta Prague, FC Slovan Liberec and FK Teplice.[72] However, though the competition's name Future League would suggest a more organized and concrete structure, this has so far led to little more than an incoherent series of friendly matches between amateur teams, with the idea appearing to have been largely abandoned by the participating clubs,[73] despite some declarations of intent.[74]

The team also made a losing appearance in the 1995 Saxony Cup final[75] and won the competition in 2009.[76]

Manager historyEdit

Dynamo enjoyed its greatest successes under Walter Fritzsch, capturing the first division DDR-Oberliga title in 1971, 1973, 1976, 1977, 1978, as well as finishing as vice-champions four times. The team also took the East German Cup (FDGB Pokal) in 1971 and 1977.

Notable former playersEdit

As one of the leading clubs in East Germany, Dynamo Dresden provided 36 DDR internationals,[77] including the country's second most-capped player, Hans-Jürgen Dörner, and its joint second top scorer, Hans-Jürgen Kreische.[78] Twelve Dynamo players won Olympic medals, including six gold medallists in 1976. After German reunification a number of Dynamo players went on to represent the Germany national team, including Jens Jeremies, Ulf Kirsten, Olaf Marschall and Alexander Zickler.

Five Dynamo Dresden players were named East German Footballer of the Year: Hans-Jürgen Dörner, Hans-Jürgen Kreische, Andreas Trautmann, Ulf Kirsten and Torsten Gütschow. Dörner won the award three times, and the latter three players were its last three winners.[25] Kreische and Gütschow were the leading scorers in the DDR-Oberliga seven times between them.[26]

Perhaps the most notable Dynamo Dresden player is Matthias Sammer. He played for the club from 1985 to 1990, during which he won 23 caps for East Germany. He later made 51 appearances for Germany, winning the European Championship in 1996 and played at club level for VfB Stuttgart, Internazionale and Borussia Dortmund. With the latter he won two German titles, the UEFA Champions League and the Intercontinental Cup, and was named European Footballer of the Year in 1996.

HonoursEdit

DomesticEdit

  1. ^ a b Won by SG Volkspolizei Dresden.

RegionalEdit

  1. ^ Won by the reserve team.

YouthEdit

  • East German Junior Championship (de)[a]
    • Champions (6): 1962, 1972, 1981, 1982, 1985, 1988 (record)
    • Runners-up (4): 1975, 1983, 1984, 1987
  • East German Youth Championship (de)[b]
    • Champions (3): 1983, 1988, 1989
    • Runners-up: 1982, 1990
  • East German Junior Cup (Junge Welt-Pokal) (de)[a]
  • East German Youth Cup (Youth FDGB-Pokal) [b]
    • Winners: 1973, 1989
  • U17 NOFV Cup (de)
    • Winners: 2003, 2017
    • Runners-up: 2006
  1. ^ a b Corresponds to U19 level.
  2. ^ a b Corresponds to U17 level.

OtherEdit

  • Indoor-Regio-Cup
    • Winners: 2007

EuropeanEdit

DoublesEdit

In EuropeEdit

Season Competition Round Nation Club Score
1967–68 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup 1st round   Rangers 1–1, 1–2
1970–71 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup 1st round   Partizan 0–0, 6–0
2nd round   Leeds United 0–1, 2–1
1971–72 European Champion Clubs' Cup 1st round   Ajax Amsterdam 0–2, 0–0
1972–73 UEFA Cup 1st round   VÖEST Linz 2–0, 2–2
2nd round   Ruch Chorzów 1–0, 3–0
Last 16   FC Porto 2–1, 1–0
Quarter–finals   Liverpool 0–2, 0–1
1973–74 European Champion Clubs' Cup 1st round   Juventus 2–0, 2–3
Last 16   Bayern Munich 3–4, 3–3
1974–75 UEFA Cup 1st round   Randers Freja 1–1, 0–0
2nd round   Dynamo Moscow 1–0, 0–1 (4–3 a.p.)
Last 16   Hamburger SV 1–4, 2–2
1975–76 UEFA Cup 1st round   ASA Târgu Mureș 2–2, 4–1
2nd round   Budapest Honvéd 2–2, 3–0
Last 16   Torpedo Moscow 3–0, 1–1
Quarter–finals   Liverpool 0–0, 1–2
1976–77 European Champion Clubs' Cup 1st round   Benfica 2–0, 0–0
Last 16   Ferencváros 0–1, 4–0
Quarter–finals   Zürich 1–2, 3–2
1977–78 European Champion Clubs' Cup 1st round   Halmstads BK 2–0, 1–2
Last 16   Liverpool 1–5, 2–1
1978–79 European Champion Clubs' Cup 1st round   Partizan 0–2, 2–0 (5–4 a.p.)
Last 16   Bohemian 0–0, 6–0
Quarter–finals   Austria Wien 1–3, 1–0
1979–80 UEFA Cup 1st round   Atlético Madrid 2–1, 3–0
2nd round   VfB Stuttgart 1–1, 0–0
1980–81 UEFA Cup 1st round   Napredak Kruševac 1–0, 1–0
2nd round   Twente 1–1, 0–0
Last 16   Standard Liège 1–1, 1–4
1981–82 UEFA Cup 1st round   Zenit Leningrad 2–1, 4–1
2nd round   Feyenoord 1–2, 1–1
1982–83 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 1st round   B93 Kopenhagen 3–2, 1–2
1984–85 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 1st round   Malmö FF 0–2, 4–1
Last 16   Metz 3–1, 0–0
Quarter–finals   Rapid Wien 3–0, 0–5
1985–86 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 1st round   Cercle Brugge 2–3, 2–1
Last 16   HJK Helsinki 0–1, 7–2
Quarter–finals   Bayer Uerdingen 2–0, 3–7
1987–88 UEFA Cup 1st round   Spartak Moscow 0–3, 1–0
1988–89 UEFA Cup 1st round   Aberdeen 0–0, 2–0
2nd round   Waregem 4–1, 1–2
Last 16   Roma 2–0, 2–0
Quarter–finals   Victoria Bucuresti 1–1, 4–0
Semi–finals   VfB Stuttgart 0–1, 1–1
1989–90 European Champion Clubs' Cup 1st round   AEK Athens 1–0, 3–5
1990–91 European Champion Clubs' Cup 1st round   Union Luxembourg 3–1, 3–0
Last 16   Malmö FF 1–1, 1–1 (5–4 a.p.)
Quarter–finals   Red Star Belgrade 0–3, 0–3 (match abandoned)

European recordEdit

Competition Record
G W D L Win %
European Cup 30 12 6 12 040.00
UEFA Cup 48 21 17 10 043.75
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 14 7 1 6 050.00
Inter-Cities Fairs Cup 6 2 2 2 033.33
Total 98 42 26 30 042.86

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Grüne, Hardy (2001). Enzyklopädie des deutschen Ligafußballs 7. Vereinslexikon. Kassel: Agon-Sportverlag. ISBN 978-3-89784-147-5.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Die Fünfziger: Gründerjahre". Dynamo Dresden (in German). Archived from the original on 10 November 2010. Retrieved 11 November 2010.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Erfolge". Dynamo Dresden (in German). Archived from the original on 10 November 2010. Retrieved 9 November 2010.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Die Neunziger: Bundesliga und 3.Liga". Dynamo Dresden (in German). Archived from the original on 9 November 2010. Retrieved 9 November 2010.
  5. ^ a b c d e f "SAISON – ARCHIV". Dynamo Dresden (in German). Archived from the original on 23 October 2010. Retrieved 11 November 2010.
  6. ^ Tomlinson, Alan.; Young, Christopher (2006). German football: history, culture, society. London: Routledge. pp. 41 and 56. ISBN 0-415-35195-2. OCLC 60323413.
  7. ^ a b c d Hesse-Lichtenberger, Ulrich (2003). Tor!: The Story of German Football (3rd ed.). London: WSC Books Ltd. pp. 225–226. ISBN 095401345X.
  8. ^ a b Leimert, Jochen (16 April 2020). "Als Ulbricht im Heinz-Steyer-Stadion den Volkszorn zu spüren bekam". Sportbuzzer (in German). Hannover: Sportbuzzer GmbH. Retrieved 14 April 2021.
  9. ^ a b c Mike, Dennis; Grix, Jonathan (2012). Sport under Communism – Behind the East German 'Miracle' (1st ed.). Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan (Macmillan Publishers Limited). p. 136. ISBN 978-0-230-22784-2.
  10. ^ a b "Dynamo Dresden - Gestern und Heute". dynamo-dresden.de (in German). Dresden: SG Dynamo Dresden e.V. n.d. Retrieved 15 August 2020.
  11. ^ "70. Jubiläum des ersten Spiels". dynamo-dresden.de (in German). Dresden: SG Dynamo Dresden e.V. 13 August 2020. Retrieved 12 April 2021.
  12. ^ "Die Geschichte Dynamo Dresdens". 3-liga.com (in German). Lübeck: Niels-Frederik Popien. 29 June 2014. Retrieved 15 August 2020.
  13. ^ Grüne, Hardy (1 June 2020). "Der angefeindete Serienmeister des Ostens". Fußball-Woche (de) (in German). Hamburg: SPM Sportplatz Media GmbH. Retrieved 16 August 2020.[permanent dead link]
  14. ^ a b c d Will Buckley (22 October 2009). "The forgotten story of ... East Germany's DDR-Oberliga". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 15 December 2013. Retrieved 6 November 2010.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Mike Dennis. "Behind the Wall: East German football between state and society". Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 12 November 2010.
  16. ^ a b Mike, Dennis; Grix, Jonathan (2012). Sport under Communism – Behind the East German 'Miracle' (1st ed.). Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan (Macmillan Publishers Limited). p. 137. ISBN 978-0-230-22784-2.
  17. ^ Pleil, Ingolf (2013). Mielke, Macht und Meisterschaft: Dynamo Dresden im Visier der Stasi (in German) (2nd ed.). Berlin: Chrisopher Links Verlag (LinksDruck GmbH). p. 16. ISBN 978-3-86153-756-4.
  18. ^ Hesse-Lichtenberger, Ulrich (2003). Tor!: The Story of German Football (3rd ed.). London: WSC Books Ltd. p. 226. ISBN 095401345X.
  19. ^ a b c d e f "Die Sechziger: Der Aufstieg beginnt". Dynamo Dresden (in German). Archived from the original on 10 November 2010. Retrieved 11 November 2010.
  20. ^ "Jubiläumswelle im Osten: Beschluss der Sport-Führung war Auslöser". Frankfurter Rundschau (in German). Frankfurt am Main: Frankfurter Rundschau GmbH. 18 June 2016. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  21. ^ a b c Pleil, Ingolf (2013). Mielke, Macht und Meisterschaft: Dynamo Dresden im Visier der Stasi (in German) (2nd ed.). Berlin: Christopher Links Verlag GmbH. p. 16. ISBN 978-3-86153-756-4. Mit Beschluss des DTSB-Bezirksvorstandes vom 5. August 1968 wird Dynamo zum Fußball-Leistungszentrum im Berizk Dresden, das damit in der gesamten Region auf Spielersuche gehen kann.
  22. ^ a b "Die Siebziger: Jahrzehnt der großen Erfolge". Dynamo Dresden (in German). Archived from the original on 9 November 2010. Retrieved 11 November 2010.
  23. ^ a b c "INTERNATIONAL". Dynamo Dresden (in German). Archived from the original on 24 October 2010. Retrieved 11 November 2010.
  24. ^ Braun, Jutta; Wiese, René (2 November 2013). "Aktion Vortsoss". 11 Freunde (in German). Berlin: 11FREUNDE Verlag GmbH & Co. KG. Retrieved 7 November 2020.
  25. ^ a b "DDR-Fußballer des Jahres". hansanews.de (in German). Archived from the original on 22 August 2010. Retrieved 14 October 2010.
  26. ^ a b "East Germany – Topscorers". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Archived from the original on 2 December 2008. Retrieved 14 October 2010.
  27. ^ "German DR". FIFA. Archived from the original on 7 May 2010. Retrieved 12 November 2010.
  28. ^ "East Germany's Star Quality in Question". Deutsche Welle. 13 May 2005. Archived from the original on 21 May 2007. Retrieved 12 November 2010.
  29. ^ Braun, Jutta (2015). Münkel, Daniela (ed.). "State Security: A reader on the GDR secret police" (PDF). Berlin: Federal Commissioner for the Records of the State Security Service of the former German Democratic Republic: 86–87. ISBN 978-3-942130-97-4. Retrieved 26 August 2020. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  30. ^ a b Kopp, Johannes (16 January 2006). "40 Jahre BFC Dynamo – "Wir sind doch sowieso die Bösen"". Der Spiegel (in German). Hamburg: DER SPIEGEL GmbH & Co. KG. Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  31. ^ "Fangeschichten: Die andere Seite des DDR-Fußballs". mdr.de (in German). Leipzig: Mitteldeutscher Rundfunk. 12 May 2016. Retrieved 27 August 2020.
  32. ^ Crossland, David (14 January 2016). "Dynamo Berlin: The soccer club 'owned' by the Stasi". CNN International. Atlanta: Cable News Network, Inc. Retrieved 30 May 2019.
  33. ^ MacDougall, Alan (2014). The People's Game: Football, State and Society in East Germany (1st ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 224. ISBN 978-1-107-05203-1.
  34. ^ Leske, Hanns (2012). "Hierarchie des DDR-Klubfußballs: Privilegierung der Schwerpunktclubs". Fußball in der DDR: Kicken im Auftrag der SED (in German) (2nd ed.). Erfurt: Landeszentrale für politische Bildung Thüringen. ISBN 978-3-937967-91-2.
  35. ^ Kannowski, Stephan (1999). Der Einfluss der SED auf den Sport der DDR am Beispiel des Fußballvereins 1. FC Union Berlin (October 1999 ed.). Hamburg: Diplomarbeiten Agentur diplom.de (Bedey Media GmbH). p. 30. ISBN 978-3832419226. Der BFC Dynamo Berlin besaß das einmalige Privileg im Fußball der DDR, die besten Spieler und Talente nach Ostberlin zu delegieren. Allein für den Erfolg von Fußballverein BFC Dyamo Berlin wurden über 33 Trainingszentren des SV Dynamo errichtet, in denen junge begabte Fußballspieler ausgebildet wurden. Zuden bestand eine Partnerschat mit dem Bezirk Cottbus.
  36. ^ Voss, Oliver (29 June 2004). "Der Schiri, der hat immer Recht". Die Tageszeitung (in German). Berlin: taz Verlags u. Vertriebs GmbH. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
  37. ^ a b c Mike, Dennis; Grix, Jonathan (2012). Sport under Communism – Behind the East German 'Miracle' (1st ed.). Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan (Macmillan Publishers Limited). p. 145. ISBN 978-0-230-22784-2.
  38. ^ a b Dennis, Mike; LaPorte, Norman (2011). State and Minorities in Communist East Germany (1st ed.). New York: Berghahn Books. p. 130. ISBN 978-0-85745-195-8.
  39. ^ a b c McDougall, Alan. (26 June 2014). The People's Game: Football, State and Society in East Germany. Cambridge. pp. 135–142. ISBN 978-1-107-05203-1. OCLC 869367458.
  40. ^ "Fall Müller-Kotte-Weber". Dynamo Dresden (in German). Archived from the original on 24 October 2007. Retrieved 11 November 2010.
  41. ^ a b "Die Achtziger: Auf Europas Bühnen". Dynamo Dresden (in German). Archived from the original on 10 November 2010. Retrieved 11 November 2010.
  42. ^ McDougall, Alan. (26 June 2014). The People's Game: Football, State and Society in East Germany. Cambridge. pp. 55–56. ISBN 978-1-107-05203-1. OCLC 869367458.
  43. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w "ab 2000 – Turbulente Jahre". Dynamo Dresden (in German). Archived from the original on 10 November 2010. Retrieved 11 November 2010.
  44. ^ "Dynamo entlässt Maucksch und holt Loose". Kicker Sportmagazin (in German). 12 April 2011. Archived from the original on 25 April 2011. Retrieved 19 April 2011.
  45. ^ "Dresden reißt das Ruder rum und steigt auf". kicker sportmagazin (in German). 24 May 2011. Archived from the original on 27 May 2011. Retrieved 25 May 2011.
  46. ^ "Dynamo Dresden verkauft virtuelle Tickets: Ausverkauftes Geisterspiel" (in German). Süddeutsche Zeitung. 10 March 2012. Retrieved 23 September 2020.
  47. ^ "Fans von Dynamo Dresden kaufen Karten für Geisterspiel gegen FC Ingolstadt" (in German). tz.de. 9 March 2012. Retrieved 23 September 2020.
  48. ^ "Dynamo Dresden entlässt Trainer Ralf Loose" (in German). tz.de. 9 December 2012. Retrieved 15 October 2020.
  49. ^ "Peter Pacult ist neuer Cheftrainer der SG Dynamo Dresden" (in German). SG Dynamo Dresden. 18 December 2012. Retrieved 15 October 2020.
  50. ^ "2. Bundesliga 2012/2013 Tabelle, 34. Spieltag" (in German). Fussballdaten.de. Retrieved 15 October 2020.
  51. ^ "Olaf Janßen ist neuer Cheftrainer der SG Dynamo Dresden" (in German). SG Dynamo Dresden. 4 September 2013. Retrieved 15 October 2020.
  52. ^ "Dynamo Dresden - Arminia Bielefeld | 2. Bundesliga 2013/2014 - 34. Spieltag" (in German). Fussballdaten.de. Retrieved 15 October 2020.
  53. ^ "Dynamo Dresden trennt sich von Trainer Olaf Janßen" (in German). dfb.de. 13 May 2014. Retrieved 15 October 2020.
  54. ^ "2. Bundesliga 2013/2014 Tabelle, 34. Spieltag" (in German). Fussballdaten.de. Retrieved 15 October 2020.
  55. ^ "Spielbericht | Teixeiras Volley zieht S04 endgültig den Zahn | Dynamo Dresden - FC Schalke 04 2:1 | 1. Runde | DFB-Pokal 2014/15" (in German). Kicker. 18 August 2014. Retrieved 15 October 2020.
  56. ^ "Spielanalyse | Eilers, der Held: Dynamo ärgert auch Bochum | Dynamo Dresden - VfL Bochum 2:1 | 2. Runde | DFB-Pokal 2014/15" (in German). Kicker. 28 October 2014. Retrieved 15 October 2020.
  57. ^ "Spielanalyse | Immobile nimmt Hefeles Geschenk dankend an | Dynamo Dresden - Borussia Dortmund 0:2 | Achtelfinale | DFB-Pokal 2014/15" (in German). Kicker. 3 March 2015. Retrieved 15 October 2020.
  58. ^ "Dynamo-Trainer Stefan Böger entlassen" (in German). Radio Dresden. 16 February 2015. Retrieved 15 October 2020.
  59. ^ "Tabelle | 38. Spieltag | 3. Liga 2014/15" (in German). Kicker. Retrieved 15 October 2020.
  60. ^ "Spielanalyse | Dynamo ist durch! Eilers erlöst Dresden | 1. FC Magdeburg - Dynamo Dresden 2:2 | 34. Spieltag | 3. Liga 2015/16" (in German). Kicker. 16 April 2016. Retrieved 15 October 2020.
  61. ^ "H-Soz-u-Kult / Mielke, Macht und Meisterschaft" (in German). Archived from the original on 18 August 2011. Retrieved 9 November 2010.
  62. ^ "Rudolf-Harbig-Stadion". Dynamo Dresden (in German). Archived from the original on 21 November 2010. Retrieved 11 November 2010.
  63. ^ "Fakten und Geschichte". ddv-stadion.de (in German). Dresden: Stadion Dresden Projektgesellschaft mbH & Co.KG. n.d. Archived from the original on 27 February 2017. Retrieved 14 February 2017.
  64. ^ "Germany " 2. Bundesliga 2013/2014 " Attendance " Home matches". worldfootball.net. Archived from the original on 22 February 2018. Retrieved 10 September 2019.
  65. ^ "Ultras Dynamo u velikom broju stižu u Gladbach" (in Bosnian). Sportsport.ba. Archived from the original on 10 August 2014. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
  66. ^ "Ultras Dynamo gedenken getötetem Sarajevo" (in German). Faszination-fankurve.de. Archived from the original on 26 August 2014. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
  67. ^ Reuters (23 December 2020). "Dynamo Dresden fans buy 72,000 tickets for match in empty stadium". the Guardian. Retrieved 31 December 2020.
  68. ^ "Dynamo Dresden – RB Leipzig, 5:4 i.E., DFB-Pokal 2016/17 1. Runde – DFB Datencenter". dfb.de (in German). Retrieved 14 February 2020.
  69. ^ "Kader 2020/21". SG Dynamo Dresden (in German). Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  70. ^ Das deutsche Fußball-Archiv Archived 30 July 2012 at WebCite (in German) Historical German domestic league tables
  71. ^ Dynamo Dresden II at Fussball.de Archived 24 February 2015 at the Wayback Machine (in German) Tables and results of all German football leagues
  72. ^ "Dresden meldet U23 ab". weltfussball.de (in German). 25 March 2015. Archived from the original on 11 April 2015. Retrieved 21 April 2015.
  73. ^ ""Future League": Nachholer am 14. März" (in German). SG Dynamo Dresden. 9 March 2017. Retrieved 13 March 2020. (This article includes a link to a no longer existing homepage of the competition)
  74. ^ "Sport-Geschäftsführer Walter: "Dynamo Dresden hat ein Luxusproblem"". sportbuzzer.de (in German). 20 July 2018. Archived from the original on 22 July 2018. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
  75. ^ "Sachsenpokal 94/95 – Sachsen – FuPa". fupa.net (in German). Retrieved 12 March 2020.
  76. ^ "Sachsenpokal 08/09 – Sachsen – FuPa". fupa.net (in German). Retrieved 12 March 2020.
  77. ^ "Alle DDR-National-Spieler von Dynamo Dresden 1952–1990" (in German). Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 14 November 2010.
  78. ^ Kicker Sportmagazin. Kicker Edition: 100 Jahre Deutsche Länderspiele (in German).

External linksEdit