The NOFV-Oberliga is a division at step 5 of the German football league system. After the fall of the Berlin Wall, it became the successor of the DDR-Oberliga, and functions today as a 5th division in the former territory of East Germany and the city of Berlin.
|Number of teams||34|
|Level on pyramid||Level 5|
|Promotion to||Regionalliga Nordost|
|Current champions||North: SV Lichtenberg 47South: BSG Chemie Leipzig |
This league is named after the Nordostdeutscher Fußballverband (NOFV: North-East German Football Association), the regional association of the DFB in the former East German territories.
The NOFV-Oberliga developed after the entry of the Deutscher Fußball-Verband (the East German Football Association) to the Deutscher Fußball-Bund. It was the successor of the DDR-Oberliga and functioned as the elite division in the former East Germany for this season only.
The following teams qualified directly for the 2. Bundesliga:
- FC Rot-Weiß Erfurt (3rd Place)
- Hallesche FC Chemie (4th Place)
- Chemnitzer FC (5th Place)
- FC Carl Zeiss Jena (6th Place)
These two teams qualified indirectly through a playoff round:
All remaining clubs continued to play in the NOFV-Oberliga. This became the third-highest division starting with the 1991–92 season.
During these three seasons the NOFV-Oberliga was the third-highest league in German football. At this time it consisted of three divisions: North, Central and South. Overall there were 10 Oberligen in Germany at the time. At the end of the season, the Oberliga champions had a play-off for promotion to the 2. Bundesliga. The bottom two teams of each division were relegated to the Landesligen.
Division champions and promotion to 2. Bundesliga:
- 1991–92: Champion North: Berliner FC Dynamo – Champion Central: 1. FC Union Berlin – Champion South: FSV Zwickau
- 1992–93: Champion North and promoted: Tennis Borussia Berlin – Champion Central: 1. FC Union Berlin – Champion South: FC Sachsen Leipzig
- 1993–94: Champion North: BSV Brandenburg – Champion Central: 1. FC Union Berlin – Champion South and promoted: FSV Zwickau
With the introduction of the Regionalliga the NOFV-Oberliga became the 4th level of the pyramid starting with the 1994–95 season. The number of divisions was reduced by one so that only North and South remained. Today it is the highest amateur division. The champions of both divisions were promoted directly to Regionalliga until Regionalliga was reduced from 4 to 2 divisions from the 1999–2000 season. Due to that change, there was no promotion from Oberliga in the 1998–99, but more teams were relegated to Oberliga than usual.
Starting with the 1999–2000 season promotion was decided by a two-leg playoff between the division champions. This rule was scrapped for the 2005–06 season, so that both division champions will be promoted to Regionalliga at the end of this season.
The bottom three teams of each division are relegated to the 5th level of the pyramid, but this number can increase depending on which teams are relegated from Regionalliga.
The NOFV-Oberliga is played in two divisions:
- NOFV-Oberliga Nord (North division):
- NOFV-Oberliga Süd (South division):
Promotions to the Regionalliga since 1994–95:
- 1994–95: FSV Velten (North division) and Wacker Nordhausen (South division)
- 1995–96: SC Charlottenburg (North division) and VFC Plauen (South division)
- 1996–97: SV Babelsberg 03 (North division) and 1. FC Magdeburg (South division)
- 1997–98: SD Croatia Berlin (North division) and Dresdner SC (South division)
- 1998–99: Hertha BSC Berlin II (North division) and VfL Halle 1896 (South division)
- 1999–00: No relegations due to Regionalliga reforms
- 2000–01: 1. FC Magdeburg (South division)
- 2001–02: Dynamo Dresden (South division)
- 2002–03: FC Sachsen Leipzig (South division)
- 2003–04: Hertha BSC Berlin II (North division)
- 2004–05: FC Carl Zeiss Jena (South division)
- 2005–06: 1. FC Union Berlin (North Division) and 1. FC Magdeburg (South Division)
- 2006–07: SV Babelsberg 03 (North Division) and FC Energie Cottbus II (South Division)
League reform in 2008Edit
At the end of the 2007–08 season, the NOFV-Oberligen were demoted one tier due to the inception of the new 3. Liga. The best three teams from each of the two leagues were promoted to the Regionalliga this season, the two fourth-placed teams played off for one more promotion spot:
Additionally to the six Verbandsliga champions, three runners-up from this leagues were also promoted to the Oberliga. To determine the three teams, three promotion play-off match-ups were drawn:
- NOFV-News (in German) Retrieved 23 June 2008
- Lok Leipzig home page: Rückspiel Aufstiegs-Relegation zur Oberliga Saison 2007/2008 Archived 15 May 2008 at the Wayback Machine (in German) statistics to the second play-off game. Retrieved 23 June 2008
- SV Lichtenberg 47 home page - Herren: Nicht verloren, dennoch nicht aufgestiegen (in German) Retrieved 23 June 2008