The Regionalliga Nordost is the fourth tier of German football in the states of Berlin, Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Saxony-Anhalt, Saxony and Thuringia. These comprise the states of former East Germany as well as West Berlin.
|Organising body||North East German Football Association|
|Number of teams||20|
|Level on pyramid||Level 4|
|Promotion to||3. Liga|
|Last champions||1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig |
|2019–20 Regionalliga Nordost|
It is one of five leagues at the fourth tier, together with the Regionalliga Bayern, Regionalliga Südwest, Regionalliga Nord and the Regionalliga West. From 1994 to 2000 it was part of the third tier, until the first of many re-structurings of the league system. The last of these occurred in 2012, which saw the Regionalliga Nordost reinstated.
The Regionalliga Nordost was formed in 1994 to form a regional third level of play between the 2nd Bundesliga and the NOFV-Oberligas Nord, Mitte and Süd. The league was made up of 18 clubs, with two coming from the 2nd Bundesliga and six each from Mitte and Nord while the south only sent four. It was formed alongside three other Regionalligas, the Regionalliga Nord, West/Südwest and Süd. With the introduction of the Regionalliga also went the disbanding of the central division of the NOFV-Oberligas. Its clubs were spread between the remaining two.
The founding members of the Regionalliga Nordost were:
From the 2. Bundesliga:
From the NOFV-Oberliga Nord:
- BSV Brandenburg
- Eisenhüttenstädter FC Stahl
- Reinickendorfer Füchse
- FC Berlin
- Spandauer SV
- FSV Optik Rathenow
From the NOFV-Oberliga Mitte:
- 1. FC Union Berlin
- Energie Cottbus
- Türkiyemspor Berlin
- Lok Altmark Stendal
- Hertha BSC Berlin II
- Hertha Zehlendorf
From the NOFV-Oberliga Süd:
The league contained 18 teams throughout its original six years.
The league winner was not always promoted to the 2nd Bundesliga. The champions of the Regionalligas Nord and Nordost had to play-off for a spot in the 2nd Bundesliga from 1996 to 2000. The winner of this contest was promoted, the loser faced the runners-ups of the Regionalligas Süd and West/Südwest for another spot in the second division.
The league was disbanded after six seasons. In 2000, the number of Regionalligas was reduced from four to two. Most clubs from the league went to the Regionalliga Nord, some clubs from the south went to the Regionalliga Süd.
With the changes in the German league system in 2008, the number of Regionalligas was extended to three, with the formation of the Regionalliga West, a league which essentially is a reformation of the Regionalliga West/Südwest. The Regionalliga Nordost was not recreated, however. Instead, its clubs remained in the Regionalliga Nord. Teams from its region playing in the Regionalliga Süd moved to the northern group as well, unless they qualified for the 2nd Bundesliga or 3rd Liga.
When the league was discontinued in 2000, the top seven clubs in the league went to the two remaining Regionalligas, five to the north and two to the south, these being the two clubs from the state of Thuringia. The other eleven league teams were relegated to the NOFV-Oberligas.
To the Regionalliga Nord:
To the Regionalliga Süd:
In October 2010, another reform of the Regionalligas was agreed. The number of leagues was again expanded to five. The defunct Regionalliga Nordost was reestablished and a Regionalliga Bayern was established. Also, the Regionalliga West lost the clubs from the south west to a new league, formed out of those clubs and clubs from Regionalliga Süd outside Bavaria. The new system came into operation at the beginning of the 2012–13 season. The number of reserve teams per Regionalliga was limited to seven.
The five league champions, plus the runner-up of the Regionalliga Süd/Südwest, entered play-offs for the three promotion spots. The new leagues consisted of up to 22 clubs in their inaugural season, but were then reduced to between 16 and 18 clubs. The Regionalligas are not administrated by the DFB, but rather by the regional football associations. The reorganisation of the Regionalligas, so soon after the last changes in 2008, became necessary because of a large number of insolvencies. These were caused by a lack of media interest in the leagues, large expenses and infrastructure demands.
As four teams were relegated from the 3rd Liga starting at the end of the 2018–19 season, the champions of the Regionalliga Nordost (Chemnitzer FC), the Regionalliga Südwest and the Regionalliga West were promoted directly to the 3. Liga. The remaining two champions, from the Regionalliga Bayern and Nord, played a two-legged promotion play-off for the last promotion spot. In 2020, the three direct promotion spots will go to the champions of the Regionalliga Südwest, Regionalliga Bayern and Regionalliga Nord, and the champions of the Regionalliga Nordost and Regionalliga West will participate in the play-off. This format was installed initially as a temporary solution until the DFB-Bundestag was unsuccessful on a format that could have enabled all Regionalliga champions to be promoted. In September 2019, the Bundestag delegates voted to grant the Südwest and West champions two direct promotions indefinitely starting in 2021. A third direct promotion place will be assigned according to a rotation principle among the Regionalliga Nord, Nordost and Bavarian champions. The representatives from the two remaining Regionalligen will determine the fourth promoted club in two-legged playoffs.
Overview of football in the Nordost regionEdit
|Tier 2||DDR-Liga||NOFV-Liga||2. Bundesliga|
|Tier 3||Bezirksliga||Bezirksliga (B/MV)
|Regionalliga Nordost||Regionalliga Nord
|Tier 4||Bezirksklasse||Bezirksklasse (B/MV)
|Regionalliga Nord||Regionalliga Nordost|
|Tier 5||Kreisliga||Bezirksklasse (BB/ST)
Winners and runners-up of the Regionalliga NordostEdit
The winners and runners-up of the league:
|1994–95||FC Carl Zeiss Jena||FC Sachsen Leipzig|
|1995–96||Tennis Borussia Berlin||1. FC Union Berlin|
|1996–97||FC Energie Cottbus||FC Erzgebirge Aue|
|1997–98||Tennis Borussia Berlin||Dynamo Dresden|
|1998–99||Chemnitzer FC||VfB Leipzig|
|1999–2000||1. FC Union Berlin||Dresdner SC|
|2012–13||RB Leipzig||FC Carl Zeiss Jena|
|2013–14||TSG Neustrelitz||1. FC Magdeburg|
|2014–15||1. FC Magdeburg||FSV Zwickau|
|2015–16||FSV Zwickau||Berliner AK 07|
|2016–17||FC Carl Zeiss Jena||FC Energie Cottbus|
|2017–18||FC Energie Cottbus||FSV Wacker 90 Nordhausen|
|2018–19||Chemnitzer FC||Berliner AK 07|
|2019–20||1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig||VSG Altglienicke|
Source: "Regionalliga Nordost". Das deutsche Fussball-Archiv. Retrieved 19 March 2008.
- Promoted teams in bold.
The top goalscorers and spectator statistics for the league since it reformed in 2012:
|Best supported club||Average
|2012–13||434,272||1,809||RB Leipzig||7,563||Daniel Frahn (RBL)||20|
|2013–14||369,841||1,541||1. FC Magdeburg||5,482||Christian Beck (FCM)||22|
|2014–15||404,920||1,694||1. FC Magdeburg||8,576||Christian Beck (FCM)||20|
|2015–16||296,828||970||Carl Zeiss Jena||3,531||Jonas Nietfeld (FSV)Andis Shala (SVB)Marc Zimmermann (FSV)||15|
|2016–17||393,375||1,286||Energie Cottbus||5,433||Federico Palacios Martínez (RB2)||22|
|2017–18||363,472||1,188||Energie Cottbus||5,263||Rufat Dadashov (BFC)||26|
|2018–19||355,121||1,161||Chemnitzer FC||4,885||Daniel Frahn (CFC)||24|
|2019–20||305,421||1,468||Energie Cottbus||6,218||Felix Brügmann (COT)||16|
Placings in the Regionalliga NordostEdit
The following clubs have played in the league and achieved the following final positions:
|1. FC Union Berlin||3||2||5||6||6||1||2B||2B||2B||2B||2B||2B||2B||B||B|
|1. FC Magdeburg||12||3||10||6||2||1||3L||3L||3L||2B||3L||3L|
|Carl Zeiss Jena||1||2B||2B||2B||9||4||2||3||4||7||1||3L||3L||3L||x|
|1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig||2B||2B||2B||2B||2||9||10||15||10||6||6||1||x|
|FSV Union Fürstenwalde||13||9||13||4||x|
|Hertha BSC II||13||18||11||5||12||6||10||9||8||4||5||x|
|Berliner AK 07||4||11||7||2||6||3||2||7||x|
|FC Viktoria 1889 Berlin||8||15||12||4||13||11||8||x|
|FSV Wacker 90 Nordhausen1||11||12||17||5||3||3||7||2||3||13|
|BSG Chemie Leipzig||16||12||x|
|FSV Optik Rathenow||15||17||11||16||18||17||14||x|
|SV Babelsberg 03||14||15||5||3L||14||11||6||5||5||7||16||x|
|Bischofswerdaer FV 08||12||16||16||17||x|
|FC Oberlausitz Neugersdorf||5||8||12||15|
|FSV Budissa Bautzen||13||13||17||14||18|
|FSV 63 Luckenwalde||16||16||18||x|
|RB Leipzig II3||11||3|
|FC Schönberg 954||15||11|
|Union Berlin II5||12||4||10|
|Energie Cottbus II||15|
|Torgelower SV Greif||16|
|Tennis Borussia Berlin||4||1||6||1||2B||2B||x|
|Eisenhüttenstädter FC Stahl||8||14||8||3||17||12|
|VfL Halle 1896||14|
|Tennis Borussia Berlin II||15|
|Lok Altmark Stendal||16||8||11||9||12||16|
|SD Croatia Berlin||18|
|Hansa Rostock II||18|
|BSV Stahl Brandeburg||17|
- 1 Rot-Weiß Erfurt declared insolvency during the 2019–20 season and was automatically relegated.
- 2 Wacker Nordhausen withdrew for financial reasons at the end of the 2019–20 season.
- 3 RB Leipzig II was withdrawn from competition at the end of the 2016–17 season.
- 4 FC Schönberg withdrew from the league also for financial reasons at the end of the 2016–17 season.
- 5 1. FC Union Berlin II was also withdrawn from competition at the end of the 2014–15 season.
- 6 VFC Plauen also declared insolvency during the 2014–15 season and was automatically relegated.
|Blank||Played at a league level below this league|
|RL||Played in one of the other Regionalligas|
- DFB-Bundestag beschließt Reform der Spielklassen (in German) DFB website. 22 October 2010. Retrieved 15 May 2012
- DFB weitet die Spielklassenreform aus (in German) kicker.de. 29 April 2011. Retrieved 15 May 2012
- "Lauth lost Aufstiegsspiele zur 3. Liga aus" [Lauth draws promotion matches to the 3. Liga]. DFB.de (in German). German Football Association. 27 April 2018. Retrieved 12 June 2018.
- "Änderung der Aufstiegsregelung in der Regionalliga beschlossen" [Change of promotion format in the Regionalliga decided upon]. dfb.de. Deutscher Fußball-Bund. 8 December 2017. Retrieved 12 June 2018.
- "Eigener Ausschuss und neue Aufstiegsregelung zur 3. Liga" [Own committee and new promotion scheme to the 3. Liga]. DFB.de. DFB. 27 September 2019.
- Regionalliga Nordost 2012/2013 .:. Zuschauer .:. Heimspiele (in German) Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 28 May 2013
- Regionalliga Nordost 2012/2013 .:. Torschützenliste (in German) Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 28 May 2013
- Regionalliga Nordost 2013/2014 .:. Zuschauer .:. Heimspiele (in German) Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 22 May 2014
- Regionalliga Nordost 2013/2014 » Torschützenliste (in German) Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 22 May 2014
- Regionalliga Nordost 2014/2015 .:. Zuschauer .:. Heimspiele (in German) Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 20 May 2015
- Regionalliga Nordost 2014/2015 » Torschützenliste (in German) Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 20 May 2015
- "Regionalliga Nordost 2015/2016 » Zuschauer » Heimspiele" [Regionalliga Nordost 2015–16 home games spectators]. weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 4 May 2016.
- "Regionalliga Nordost 2015/2016 » Torschützenliste" [Regionalliga Nordost 2015–16 goal scorers]. weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 4 May 2016.
- "Regionalliga Nordost 2016/2017 » Zuschauer » Heimspiele" [Regionalliga Nordost 2016–17 home games spectators]. weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 24 May 2017.
- "Regionalliga Nordost 2016/2017 » Torschützenliste" [Regionalliga Nordost 2016–17 goal scorers]. weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 24 May 2017.
- "Regionalliga Nordost 2017/2018 Zuschauer Heimspiele" [Regionalliga Nordost 2017–18 home games spectators]. weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 12 June 2018.
- "Regionalliga Nord 2017/2018 Torschützenliste" [Regionalliga Nord 2017–18 goal scorers]. weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 12 June 2017.
- "Regionalliga Nordost 2018/2019 Zuschauer Heimspiele" [Regionalliga Nordost 2018–19 home games spectators]. weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 25 August 2019.
- "Regionalliga Nord 2018/2019 Torschützenliste" [Regionalliga Nord 2018–19 goal scorers]. weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 25 August 2019.
- "Regionalliga Nordost 2019/2020 Zuschauer Heimspiele" [Regionalliga Nordost 2019–20 home games spectators]. weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 20 July 2020.
- "Regionalliga Nord 2019/2020 Torschützenliste" [Regionalliga Nord 2019–20 goal scorers]. weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 20 July 2020.
- "Erfurt muss Spielbetrieb einstellen". Welt (in German). 29 January 2020.
- "Wacker Nordhausen insolvent: Verein zieht sich aus Regionalliga zurück". Sport im Osten (in German). Mitteldeutscher Rundfunk. 25 June 2020.
- "FC Schönberg verlässt die Regionalliga". ndr.de (in German). Norddeutscher Rundfunk. 3 April 2017.
- Der Fall VFC Plauen - Chronologie einer Posse Archived 21 February 2015 at the Wayback Machine (in German) Mitteldeutscher Rundfunk. Retrieved 24 February 2015
- Deutschlands Fußball in Zahlen, (in German) An annual publication with tables and results from the Bundesliga to Verbandsliga/Landesliga. DSFS.
- Kicker Almanach, (in German) The yearbook on German football from Bundesliga to Oberliga, since 1937. Kicker Sports Magazine.
- Die Deutsche Liga-Chronik 1945-2005 (in German) History of German football from 1945 to 2005 in tables. DSFS. 2006.