Regionalliga Nordost

The Regionalliga Nordost is the fourth tier of German football in the states of Berlin, Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Saxony-Anhalt, Saxony and Thuringia. These comprise the states of former East Germany as well as West Berlin.

Regionalliga Nordost
Regionalliga Nordost
Organising bodyNorth East German Football Association
Founded1994, 2012
Folded2000
CountryGermany
States
  • Berlin
  • Brandenburg
  • Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
  • Saxony-Anhalt
  • Saxony
  • Thuringia
Number of teams20
Level on pyramidLevel 4
Promotion to3. Liga
Relegation to
Last champions1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig
(2019-20)
2019–20 Regionalliga Nordost

It is one of five leagues at the fourth tier, together with the Regionalliga Bayern, Regionalliga Südwest, Regionalliga Nord and the Regionalliga West. From 1994 to 2000 it was part of the third tier, until the first of many re-structurings of the league system. The last of these occurred in 2012, which saw the Regionalliga Nordost reinstated.

OverviewEdit

The Regionalliga Nordost was formed in 1994 to form a regional third level of play between the 2nd Bundesliga and the NOFV-Oberligas Nord, Mitte and Süd. The league was made up of 18 clubs, with two coming from the 2nd Bundesliga and six each from Mitte and Nord while the south only sent four. It was formed alongside three other Regionalligas, the Regionalliga Nord, West/Südwest and Süd. With the introduction of the Regionalliga also went the disbanding of the central division of the NOFV-Oberligas. Its clubs were spread between the remaining two.

The founding members of the Regionalliga Nordost were:

From the 2. Bundesliga:

From the NOFV-Oberliga Nord:

From the NOFV-Oberliga Mitte:

From the NOFV-Oberliga Süd:

The league contained 18 teams throughout its original six years.

The league winner was not always promoted to the 2nd Bundesliga. The champions of the Regionalligas Nord and Nordost had to play-off for a spot in the 2nd Bundesliga from 1996 to 2000. The winner of this contest was promoted, the loser faced the runners-ups of the Regionalligas Süd and West/Südwest for another spot in the second division.

In 1997, Energie Cottbus became the first club from the Regionalliga to reach a German Cup final, losing 2-0 to VfB Stuttgart.

The league was disbanded after six seasons. In 2000, the number of Regionalligas was reduced from four to two. Most clubs from the league went to the Regionalliga Nord, some clubs from the south went to the Regionalliga Süd.

 
The Regionalligas from 2012 onwards.

With the changes in the German league system in 2008, the number of Regionalligas was extended to three, with the formation of the Regionalliga West, a league which essentially is a reformation of the Regionalliga West/Südwest. The Regionalliga Nordost was not recreated, however. Instead, its clubs remained in the Regionalliga Nord. Teams from its region playing in the Regionalliga Süd moved to the northern group as well, unless they qualified for the 2nd Bundesliga or 3rd Liga.

DisbandingEdit

When the league was discontinued in 2000, the top seven clubs in the league went to the two remaining Regionalligas, five to the north and two to the south, these being the two clubs from the state of Thuringia. The other eleven league teams were relegated to the NOFV-Oberligas.

To the Regionalliga Nord:

To the Regionalliga Süd:

ReestablishmentEdit

In October 2010, another reform of the Regionalligas was agreed. The number of leagues was again expanded to five. The defunct Regionalliga Nordost was reestablished and a Regionalliga Bayern was established. Also, the Regionalliga West lost the clubs from the south west to a new league, formed out of those clubs and clubs from Regionalliga Süd outside Bavaria. The new system came into operation at the beginning of the 2012–13 season. The number of reserve teams per Regionalliga was limited to seven.[1]

The five league champions, plus the runner-up of the Regionalliga Süd/Südwest, entered play-offs for the three promotion spots. The new leagues consisted of up to 22 clubs in their inaugural season, but were then reduced to between 16 and 18 clubs. The Regionalligas are not administrated by the DFB, but rather by the regional football associations. The reorganisation of the Regionalligas, so soon after the last changes in 2008, became necessary because of a large number of insolvencies. These were caused by a lack of media interest in the leagues, large expenses and infrastructure demands.[2]

As four teams were relegated from the 3rd Liga starting at the end of the 2018–19 season, the champions of the Regionalliga Nordost (Chemnitzer FC), the Regionalliga Südwest and the Regionalliga West were promoted directly to the 3. Liga.[3] The remaining two champions, from the Regionalliga Bayern and Nord, played a two-legged promotion play-off for the last promotion spot. In 2020, the three direct promotion spots will go to the champions of the Regionalliga Südwest, Regionalliga Bayern and Regionalliga Nord, and the champions of the Regionalliga Nordost and Regionalliga West will participate in the play-off. This format was installed initially as a temporary solution until the DFB-Bundestag was unsuccessful on a format that could have enabled all Regionalliga champions to be promoted.[4] In September 2019, the Bundestag delegates voted to grant the Südwest and West champions two direct promotions indefinitely starting in 2021. A third direct promotion place will be assigned according to a rotation principle among the Regionalliga Nord, Nordost and Bavarian champions. The representatives from the two remaining Regionalligen will determine the fourth promoted club in two-legged playoffs.[5]

Overview of football in the Nordost regionEdit

Pre–1990 1990–1991 1991–1994 1994–2000 2000–2008 2008–2012 Since 2012
Tier 1 DDR-Oberliga NOFV-Oberliga Bundesliga
Tier 2 DDR-Liga NOFV-Liga 2. Bundesliga
Tier 3 Bezirksliga Bezirksliga (B/MV)
Landesliga (SN/TH)
Verbandsliga (BB/ST)
NOFV-Oberliga Nord
NOFV-Oberliga Mitte
NOFV-Oberliga Süd
Regionalliga Nordost Regionalliga Nord
Regionalliga Süd
3. Liga
Tier 4 Bezirksklasse Bezirksklasse (B/MV)
Bezirksliga (BB/ST)
Landesklasse (SN/TH)
Landesliga
Verbandsliga
NOFV-Oberliga Nord
NOFV-Oberliga Süd
Regionalliga Nord Regionalliga Nordost
Tier 5 Kreisliga Bezirksklasse (BB/ST)
Kreisoberliga
Landesliga
Verbandsliga
NOFV-Oberliga Nord
NOFV-Oberliga Süd

Winners and runners-up of the Regionalliga NordostEdit

The winners and runners-up of the league:

Season Winner Runner-Up
1994–95 FC Carl Zeiss Jena FC Sachsen Leipzig
1995–96 Tennis Borussia Berlin 1. FC Union Berlin
1996–97 FC Energie Cottbus FC Erzgebirge Aue
1997–98 Tennis Borussia Berlin Dynamo Dresden
1998–99 Chemnitzer FC VfB Leipzig
1999–2000 1. FC Union Berlin Dresdner SC
2012–13 RB Leipzig FC Carl Zeiss Jena
2013–14 TSG Neustrelitz 1. FC Magdeburg
2014–15 1. FC Magdeburg FSV Zwickau
2015–16 FSV Zwickau Berliner AK 07
2016–17 FC Carl Zeiss Jena FC Energie Cottbus
2017–18 FC Energie Cottbus FSV Wacker 90 Nordhausen
2018–19 Chemnitzer FC Berliner AK 07
2019–20 1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig VSG Altglienicke

Source: "Regionalliga Nordost". Das deutsche Fussball-Archiv. Retrieved 19 March 2008.

  • Promoted teams in bold.

League statisticsEdit

The top goalscorers and spectator statistics for the league since it reformed in 2012:

Season Total
attendance
Average
attendance
Best supported club Average
attendance
Top goalscorer Goals
2012–13 434,272[6] 1,809 RB Leipzig 7,563 Daniel Frahn (RBL)[7] 20
2013–14 369,841[8] 1,541 1. FC Magdeburg 5,482 Christian Beck (FCM)[9] 22
2014–15 404,920[10] 1,694 1. FC Magdeburg 8,576 Christian Beck (FCM)[11] 20
2015–16 296,828[12] 970 Carl Zeiss Jena 3,531 Jonas Nietfeld (FSV)
Andis Shala (SVB)
Marc Zimmermann (FSV)[13]
15
2016–17 393,375[14] 1,286 Energie Cottbus 5,433 Federico Palacios Martínez (RB2)[15] 22
2017–18 363,472[16] 1,188 Energie Cottbus 5,263 Rufat Dadashov (BFC)[17] 26
2018–19 355,121[18] 1,161 Chemnitzer FC 4,885 Daniel Frahn (CFC)[19] 24
2019–20 305,421[20] 1,468 Energie Cottbus 6,218 Felix Brügmann (COT)[21] 16
League record

Placings in the Regionalliga NordostEdit

The following clubs have played in the league and achieved the following final positions:

Club 95 96 97 98 99 00 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21
RB Leipzig 1 3L 2B 2B B B B B B
1. FC Union Berlin 3 2 5 6 6 1 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B B B
Erzgebirge Aue 9 5 2 7 7 3 2B 2B 2B 3L 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B
Dynamo Dresden B 4 7 2 11 8 2B 2B 3L 3L 2B 2B 2B 2B 3L
1. FC Magdeburg 12 3 10 6 2 1 3L 3L 3L 2B 3L 3L
FSV Zwickau 2B 2B 2B 2B 4 18 3 6 2 1 3L 3L 3L 3L 3L
Carl Zeiss Jena 1 2B 2B 2B 9 4 2 3 4 7 1 3L 3L 3L x
Chemnitzer FC 2B 2B 4 8 1 2B 3L 3L 3L 3L 3L 3L 1 3L x
1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig 2B 2B 2B 2B 2 9 10 15 10 6 6 1 x
VSG Altglienicke 15 14 2 x
Energie Cottbus 7 3 1 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 3L 3L 2 1 3L 3 x
FSV Union Fürstenwalde 13 9 13 4 x
Hertha BSC II 13 18 11 5 12 6 10 9 8 4 5 x
BFC Dynamo 11 13 13 11 8 17 5 4 15 4 12 6 x
Berliner AK 07 4 11 7 2 6 3 2 7 x
FC Viktoria 1889 Berlin 8 15 12 4 13 11 8 x
VfB Auerbach 14 7 12 9 12 11 9 9 x
ZFC Meuselwitz 7 10 14 14 14 10 10 10 x
FSV Wacker 90 Nordhausen1 11 12 17 5 3 3 7 2 3 13
SV Lichtenberg 11 x
BSG Chemie Leipzig 16 12 x
FSV Optik Rathenow 15 17 11 16 18 17 14 x
Germania Halberstadt 9 13 9 17 7 8 15 x
SV Babelsberg 03 14 15 5 3L 14 11 6 5 5 7 16 x
Bischofswerdaer FV 08 12 16 16 17 x
Rot-Weiß Erfurt2 5 7 3 5 10 7 3L 3L 3L 3L 3L 3L 5 18
FC Oberlausitz Neugersdorf 5 8 12 15
FSV Budissa Bautzen 13 13 17 14 18
TSG Neustrelitz 8 1 8 8 18 17
FSV 63 Luckenwalde 16 16 18 x
RB Leipzig II3 11 3
FC Schönberg 954 15 11
Union Berlin II5 12 4 10
VFC Plauen6 10 10 5 13 13 9 16
Energie Cottbus II 15
Torgelower SV Greif 16
Tennis Borussia Berlin 4 1 6 1 2B 2B x
Dresdner SC 13 2
Sachsen Leipzig 2 6 9 4 14 6
Eisenhüttenstädter FC Stahl 8 14 8 3 17 12
VfL Halle 1896 14
Tennis Borussia Berlin II 15
Lok Altmark Stendal 16 8 11 9 12 16
Spandauer SV 14 10 16 13 16
SD Croatia Berlin 18
Hertha Zehlendorf 10 12 15 15
Reinickendorfer Füchse 6 9 14 16
Hansa Rostock II 18
SC Charlottenburg 17
FSV Velten 15 18
BSV Stahl Brandeburg 17
Türkiyemspor Berlin 18
  • 1 Rot-Weiß Erfurt declared insolvency during the 2019–20 season and was automatically relegated.[22]
  • 2 Wacker Nordhausen withdrew for financial reasons at the end of the 2019–20 season.[23]
  • 3 RB Leipzig II was withdrawn from competition at the end of the 2016–17 season.
  • 4 FC Schönberg withdrew from the league also for financial reasons at the end of the 2016–17 season.[24]
  • 5 1. FC Union Berlin II was also withdrawn from competition at the end of the 2014–15 season.
  • 6 VFC Plauen also declared insolvency during the 2014–15 season and was automatically relegated.[25]

KeyEdit

Symbol Key
B Bundesliga
2B 2. Bundesliga
3L 3. Liga
1 League champions
Place League
Blank Played at a league level below this league
RL Played in one of the other Regionalligas

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ DFB-Bundestag beschließt Reform der Spielklassen (in German) DFB website. 22 October 2010. Retrieved 15 May 2012
  2. ^ DFB weitet die Spielklassenreform aus (in German) kicker.de. 29 April 2011. Retrieved 15 May 2012
  3. ^ "Lauth lost Aufstiegsspiele zur 3. Liga aus" [Lauth draws promotion matches to the 3. Liga]. DFB.de (in German). German Football Association. 27 April 2018. Retrieved 12 June 2018.
  4. ^ "Änderung der Aufstiegsregelung in der Regionalliga beschlossen" [Change of promotion format in the Regionalliga decided upon]. dfb.de. Deutscher Fußball-Bund. 8 December 2017. Retrieved 12 June 2018.
  5. ^ "Eigener Ausschuss und neue Aufstiegsregelung zur 3. Liga" [Own committee and new promotion scheme to the 3. Liga]. DFB.de. DFB. 27 September 2019.
  6. ^ Regionalliga Nordost 2012/2013 .:. Zuschauer .:. Heimspiele (in German) Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 28 May 2013
  7. ^ Regionalliga Nordost 2012/2013 .:. Torschützenliste (in German) Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 28 May 2013
  8. ^ Regionalliga Nordost 2013/2014 .:. Zuschauer .:. Heimspiele (in German) Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 22 May 2014
  9. ^ Regionalliga Nordost 2013/2014 » Torschützenliste (in German) Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 22 May 2014
  10. ^ Regionalliga Nordost 2014/2015 .:. Zuschauer .:. Heimspiele (in German) Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 20 May 2015
  11. ^ Regionalliga Nordost 2014/2015 » Torschützenliste (in German) Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 20 May 2015
  12. ^ "Regionalliga Nordost 2015/2016 » Zuschauer » Heimspiele" [Regionalliga Nordost 2015–16 home games spectators]. weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  13. ^ "Regionalliga Nordost 2015/2016 » Torschützenliste" [Regionalliga Nordost 2015–16 goal scorers]. weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  14. ^ "Regionalliga Nordost 2016/2017 » Zuschauer » Heimspiele" [Regionalliga Nordost 2016–17 home games spectators]. weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 24 May 2017.
  15. ^ "Regionalliga Nordost 2016/2017 » Torschützenliste" [Regionalliga Nordost 2016–17 goal scorers]. weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 24 May 2017.
  16. ^ "Regionalliga Nordost 2017/2018 Zuschauer Heimspiele" [Regionalliga Nordost 2017–18 home games spectators]. weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 12 June 2018.
  17. ^ "Regionalliga Nord 2017/2018 Torschützenliste" [Regionalliga Nord 2017–18 goal scorers]. weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 12 June 2017.
  18. ^ "Regionalliga Nordost 2018/2019 Zuschauer Heimspiele" [Regionalliga Nordost 2018–19 home games spectators]. weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 25 August 2019.
  19. ^ "Regionalliga Nord 2018/2019 Torschützenliste" [Regionalliga Nord 2018–19 goal scorers]. weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 25 August 2019.
  20. ^ "Regionalliga Nordost 2019/2020 Zuschauer Heimspiele" [Regionalliga Nordost 2019–20 home games spectators]. weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 20 July 2020.
  21. ^ "Regionalliga Nord 2019/2020 Torschützenliste" [Regionalliga Nord 2019–20 goal scorers]. weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 20 July 2020.
  22. ^ "Erfurt muss Spielbetrieb einstellen". Welt (in German). 29 January 2020.
  23. ^ "Wacker Nordhausen insolvent: Verein zieht sich aus Regionalliga zurück". Sport im Osten (in German). Mitteldeutscher Rundfunk. 25 June 2020.
  24. ^ "FC Schönberg verlässt die Regionalliga". ndr.de (in German). Norddeutscher Rundfunk. 3 April 2017.
  25. ^ Der Fall VFC Plauen - Chronologie einer Posse Archived 21 February 2015 at the Wayback Machine (in German) Mitteldeutscher Rundfunk. Retrieved 24 February 2015

SourcesEdit

  • Deutschlands Fußball in Zahlen, (in German) An annual publication with tables and results from the Bundesliga to Verbandsliga/Landesliga. DSFS.
  • Kicker Almanach, (in German) The yearbook on German football from Bundesliga to Oberliga, since 1937. Kicker Sports Magazine.
  • Die Deutsche Liga-Chronik 1945-2005 (in German) History of German football from 1945 to 2005 in tables. DSFS. 2006.

External linksEdit