|Champions||SG Dynamo Dresden|
|Goals scored||885 (3.25 per match)|
|Top goalscorer||Harry Arlt (26)|
The league was contested by seventeen teams, two less than in the previous season, and Dynamo Dresden won the championship after winning a necessary decider against BSG Wismut Aue 3–2 after extra time. It was the first of eight national championships for Dynamo but it would have to wait until 1970–71 to win its second one.
Two clubs were renamed during the season, both in April 1953. SG Volkspolizei Dresden became SG Dynamo Dresden and SG Motor Gera was renamed to BSG Wismut Gera. SV Vorwärts der HVA Leipzig was first renamed SV Vorwärts der KVP Leipzig. The football team was then relocated to the East Berlin on 12 April 1953, where it continued as SV Vorwärts der KVP Berlin. Before the season SG Union Oberschöneweide had been renamed to BSG Motor Oberschöneweide, with both clubs relegated at the end of season, leaving East German capital without an Oberliga club for the following season.
The 1952–53 season saw two of the most successful clubs in the East German championship adopt the name and location they would later be most successful under, police club SG Dynamo Dresden with eight and army club Vorwärts Berlin with six titles, second and third only to BFC Dynamo.
The 1952–53 season saw two newly promoted clubs, BSG Empor Lauter and BSG Motor Jena. SV Vorwärts der KVP Leipzig was relocated to East Berlin during the season and continued as SV Vorwärts der KVP Berlin.
|Pos||Team||Pld||W||D||L||GF||GA||GD||Pts||Qualification or relegation|
|1||SG Dynamo Dresden (C)||32||15||8||9||51||33||+18||38||League champions|
|2||BSG Wismut Aue||32||16||6||10||57||48||+9||38|
|3||BSG Motor Zwickau||32||16||5||11||54||43||+11||37|
|4||BSG Rotation Dresden||32||15||6||11||65||55||+10||36|
|5||BSG Stahl Thale||32||14||8||10||45||47||−2||36|
|7||BSG Turbine Erfurt||32||14||6||12||51||44||+7||34|
|8||BSG Chemie Leipzig||32||14||6||12||55||51||+4||34|
|9||BSG Aktivist Brieske-Ost||32||13||8||11||55||52||+3||34|
|10||BSG Empor Lauter||32||13||7||12||58||61||−3||33|
|11||BSG Lokomotive Stendal||32||13||6||13||56||54||+2||32|
|12||BSG Rotation Babelsberg||32||13||6||13||58||59||−1||32|
|13||BSG Turbine Halle||32||12||7||13||51||44||+7||31|
|14||SV Vorwärts der KVP Berlin (R)||32||12||6||14||49||56||−7||30||Relegation to DDR-Liga|
|15||BSG Motor Oberschöneweide (R)||32||12||3||17||47||50||−3||27|
|16||BSG Motor Jena (R)||32||9||4||19||35||62||−27||22|
|17||BSG Wismut Gera (R)||32||5||5||22||32||71||−39||15|
(C) Champion; (R) Relegated.
- Championship decider: Dynamo Dresden – BSG Wismut Aue 3–2 aet
- fuwo, page: 93
- fuwo, page: 23
- "East Germany - List of Champions". rsssf.com. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- "DDR-Meister" [East German champions]. dfb.de (in German). German Football Association. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- "DDDR » Oberliga » Torschützenkönige" [DDR-Oberliga top scorers]. Weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- "East Germany 1946-1990". rsssf.com. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- "DDR » Oberliga 1952/1953" [DDR-Oberliga 1952–53]. Weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- "Das war unser Fußball im Osten" [This was our football in the East]. Fußball-Woche (fuwo) (in German). Berlin: Axel-Springer-Verlag. 1991.
- Das Deutsche Fussball Archiv (in German) Historic German league tables