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Football at the Summer Olympics

Association football has been included in every Summer Olympic Games as a men's competition sport, except 1896 and 1932. Women's football was added to the official program in 1996.

Football at the Summer Olympics
Football pictogram.svg
Governing body FIFA
Events 2 (men: 1; women: 1)
Games

Tournaments (menwomen)

Contents

HistoryEdit

BeginningsEdit

Football was not included on the program at the first modern Olympic Games in 1896, as international football was in its infancy at the time. However, sources claim that an unofficial football tournament was organized during the first competition, in which an Athens XI lost to a team representing Smyrna (Izmir), then part of the Ottoman Empire.[1] According to a source, this is an error which has been perpetuated in multiple texts".[2]

Tournaments were played at the 1900 and 1904 games and the Intercalated Games of 1906, but these were contested by various clubs and scratch teams. Although the IOC considers the 1900 and 1904 tournaments to be official Olympic events, they are not recognized by FIFA; neither recognizes the Intercalated Games today. In 1906 teams from Great Britain, Germany, Austria, the Netherlands and France withdrew from an unofficial competition and left Denmark, Smyrna (one Armenian, two Frenchmen and eight Britons), Athens and Thessaloniki to compete. Denmark won the final against Athens 9–0.

British successesEdit

In the London Games of 1908 a proper international tournament was organised by the Football Association, featuring just six teams. The number of teams rose to eleven in 1912, when the competition was organised by the Swedish Football Association. Many of these early matches were unbalanced, as evidenced by high scoring games; two players, Sophus Nielsen in 1908 and Gottfried Fuchs in 1912, each scored ten goals in a single match. All players were amateurs, in accordance with the Olympic spirit, which meant that some countries could not send their full international team. The National Olympic Committee for Great Britain and Ireland asked the Football Association to send an English national amateur team. Some of the English members played with professional clubs, most notably Derby County's Ivan Sharpe, Bradford City F.C. Harold Walden and Chelsea's Vivian Woodward. England won the first two official tournaments convincingly, beating Denmark both times.

1920s and the rise of UruguayEdit

 
The Uruguay national football team that won the 1928 Olympic tournament

During the 1920 final, the Czechoslovakia national football team walked from the field of play in order to raise awareness of their displeasure regarding the refereeing of John Lewis and the militarised mood within the stadium in Antwerp. In the 1924 and 1928 Olympic games, the first South American teams entered the competition: Uruguay and Argentina. Uruguay won both Olympics and FIFA became conscious that the Olympic movement was not only hindering the ability of nations to participate on an equal footing but, given that the Olympics only permitted amateurs to participate, did not represent the true strength of the international game.

Olympics after the first World CupEdit

Following Henri Delaunay's proposal in 1929 to initiate a professional World Championship of Football, the sport was dropped from the 1932 Los Angeles Games in an attempt to promote the growing sport of American football in the United States. Football returned to controversy at the 1936 Berlin Games. The German organisers were intent on the return of the game to the Olympic movement since it guaranteed income into the organisation's coffers. The Italian team intimidated a referee. Peru scored a contested victory over Austria in overtime, with a fan invasion of the field at the very end. The Austrian team asked for the result to be annulled, and the game repeated. FIFA agreed, the Peruvian team refused and left the Olympics.[3][4]

As professionalism spread around the world, the gap in quality between the World Cup and the Olympics widened. The countries that benefited most were the Soviet Bloc countries of Eastern Europe, where top athletes were state-sponsored while retaining their status as amateurs. Between 1948 and 1980, 23 out of 28 Olympic medals were won by Eastern Europe, with only Sweden (gold in 1948 and bronze in 1952), Denmark (bronze in 1948 and silver in 1960) and Japan (bronze in 1968) breaking their dominance.

Changes and developmentsEdit

For the 1984 Los Angeles Games, the IOC decided to admit professional players. FIFA still did not want the Olympics to rival the World Cup, so a compromise was struck that allowed teams from countries which forbade professionalism to field their strongest professional sides, while restricting countries which admitted professionalism teams to players who had not played in a World Cup.

Since 1992, male competitors must be under 23 years old. In 1996, all players must be under 23 years old, with the exception of three over-age players per squad.[5] African countries have taken particular advantage of this, with Nigeria and Cameroon winning in 1996 and 2000 respectively.

Because of the unusual format, several of the historically strongest men's national teams have unimpressive Olympic records. Uruguay won the tournament in their first two attempts, in 1924 and 1928, their only appearances before they qualified for the 2012 edition, after an 84-year absence. Argentina won silver twice (1928 and 1996) before the 2004 tournament, but its appearance in Athens, in which it won the first gold medal (the second was won in Beijing in 2008), was only their seventh overall (the eighth has been in 2016). Brazil's silver medals in the 1984, 1988 and 2012 editions were the best they had achieved until 2016's gold, and since professional athletes were allowed to compete, they failed to qualify in 1992 and 2004. Italy has only won the Olympic title once, in 1936, although it has also won two bronzes, and has the highest number of appearances in the tournament, at 15, with their last qualify in 2008. France has won the Olympic title only once (in 1984) and has failed to qualify since 1996. Germany's best result (before 2016 edition) was a single bronze medal, in 1988 (as West Germany), and the reunified team did not make an Olympic appearance until 2016, where they won silver. Spain has won the gold medal only once, in 1992. It has also won 2 silver medals (in 1920 and 2000) but has failed to qualify several times.

Addition of women's programEdit

The IOC approved the addition of women's association football as a permanent Olympic event in September 1993, setting an eight-team tournament for the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, Georgia, United States.[6] The 1996 tournament, which came shortly after the inaugural FIFA Women's World Cup was organized in 1991,[7] set a record for the largest crowd to see a women's sports event, at 76,481 during the United StatesChina final.[8] The women's tournament uses the senior national teams with no age restrictions, unlike the men's tournament. Therefore, the value of the women's tournament is the same as with the Women's World Cup.

British non-involvementEdit

Football in the United Kingdom has no single governing body, and there are separate teams for the UK's four Home Nations: England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales. Only the English Football Association (FA) is affiliated to the British Olympic Association (BOA), and the FA entered "Great Britain" teams to the football tournaments until 1972. In 1974, the FA abolished the distinction between "amateur" and "professional" football, and stopped entering the Olympics. Even though FIFA has allowed professionals at the Olympics since 1984, the FA did not re-enter, as the Home Nations feared that a united British Olympic team would set a precedent that might cause FIFA to question their separate status in other FIFA competitions and on the International Football Association Board.[9][10] When London was selected to host the 2012 Games, there was pressure on the English FA to exercise the host nation's automatic right to field a team.[11] In 2009 the plan agreed by the FA with the Welsh FA, Scottish FA and Irish FA was only to field English players;[12] however the BOA overruled this,[13] and ultimately there were Welsh players on both squads and Scots on the women's squad.[14][15] After the 2012 games, the FA decided that no team would be entered in subsequent men's tournaments, but was open to fielding a women's team again.[16]

VenuesEdit

Due to the number of large stadiums required for the Olympic tournament, venues in distant cities – often more than 200 km (120 mi) away from the main host – are typically used for the football tournament. In an extreme example, two early-round venues for the 1984 Games were on the East Coast of the United States, well over 2,000 miles (3,200 km) from the host city of Los Angeles. The next Games held in the United States, the 1996 Games, were unique in that no matches were held in the host city of Atlanta; the nearest venue and the site of the finals was 65 miles (105 km) away on the University of Georgia campus in Athens. Counting the 2012 and 2016 Summer Olympics, there are 121 venues that have hosted Olympic football, the most of any sport.

Edition of the Olympic Games City Stadium
  Athens 1896 No football tournament
  Paris 1900 Paris Vélodrome de Vincennes
  Saint Louis 1904 St. Louis, Missouri Francis Field
  London 1908 London White City Stadium
  Stockholm 1912 Stockholm Stockholms Olympiastadion
Råsunda Stadium
Tranebergs Idrottsplats
  Antwerp 1920 Antwerp Olympisch Stadion
Stadion Broodstraat
Brussels Stade de l’Union St. Gilloise
Ghent Stade d’A.A. La Gantoise
  Paris 1924 Paris Stade Olympique, Colombes
Stade Bergeyre
Stade de Paris, Saint-Ouen
Stade Pershing, Vincennes
  Amsterdam 1928 Amsterdam Olympisch Stadion
Harry Elte Stadium
  Los Angeles 1932 No football tournament
  Berlin 1936 Berlin Olympiastadion
Poststadion, Tiergarten
Mommsenstadion, Charlottenburg
Hertha-BSC-Platz
  London 1948 London Empire Stadium, Wembley
White Hart Lane, Tottenham
Selhurst Park, Crystal Palace
Craven Cottage, Fulham
Griffin Park, Brentford
Arsenal Stadium, Highbury
Lynn Road Stadium, Ilford
Green Pond Road Stadium, Walthamstow
Champion Hill, Dulwich
Brighton Goldstone Ground
Portsmouth Fratton Park
  Helsinki 1952 Helsinki Olympiastadion
Töölö Football Grounds
Turku Kupittaa Stadium
Tampere Ratina Stadion
Lahti Kisapuisto
Kotka Kotka Stadion
  Melbourne 1956 Melbourne Melbourne Cricket Ground
Olympic Park Stadium
  Rome 1960 Rome Stadio Flaminio
Florence Stadio Comunale
Grosseto Stadio Comunale
Livorno Stadio Ardenza
Pescara Stadio Adriatico
L'Aquila Stadio Comunale
Naples Stadio Fuorigrotta
  Tokyo 1964 Tokyo National Olympic Stadium
Prince Chichibu Memorial Field
Komazawa Stadium
Ōmiya Omiya Soccer Stadium
Yokohama Mitsuzawa Football Stadium
  Mexico City 1968 Mexico City Estadio Azteca
Puebla Estadio Cuauhtémoc
Guadalajara Estadio Jalisco
León Estadio León
  Munich 1972 Munich Olympiastadion
Augsburg Rosenaustadion
Ingolstadt ESV-Stadion
Regensburg Jahnstadion
Nuremberg Städtisches Stadion
Passau Drei Flüsse Stadion
  Montreal 1976 Montreal Olympic Stadium
Sherbrooke Municipal Stadium
Toronto Varsity Stadium
Ottawa Lansdowne Stadium
  Moscow 1980 Moscow Lenin Stadium
Dynamo Stadium
Leningrad Kirov Stadium
Kiev Republican Stadium
Minsk Dinamo Stadium
  Los Angeles 1984 Pasadena, California Rose Bowl
Boston, Massachusetts Harvard Stadium
Annapolis, Maryland Navy–Marine Corps Memorial Stadium
Stanford, California Stanford Stadium
  Seoul 1988 Seoul Seoul Olympic Stadium
Dongdaemun Stadium
Busan Busan Stadium
Daegu Daegu Stadium
Daejeon Daejeon Stadium
Gwangju Gwangju Stadium
  Barcelona 1992 Barcelona Camp Nou
Estadi de Sarrià
Sabadell Estadi de la Nova Creu Alta
Zaragoza Estadio La Romareda
Valencia Estadio Luis Casanova
  Atlanta 1996 Athens, Georgia Sanford Stadium
Orlando, Florida Citrus Bowl
Birmingham, Alabama Legion Field
Miami, Florida Miami Orange Bowl
Washington, D.C. Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Stadium
  Sydney 2000 Sydney Olympic Stadium
Sydney Football Stadium
Brisbane Brisbane Cricket Ground
Adelaide Hindmarsh Stadium
Canberra Bruce Stadium
Melbourne Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG)
  Athens 2004 Athens Athens Olympic Stadium
Karaiskakis Stadium
Patras Pampeloponnisiako Stadium
Volos Panthessaliko Stadium
Thessaloniki Kaftanzoglio Stadium
Heraklion Pankritio Stadium
  Beijing 2008 Beijing Beijing National Stadium
Workers Stadium
Tianjin Tianjin Olympic Center Stadium
Shanghai Shanghai Stadium
Qinhuangdao Qinhuangdao Olympic Sports Center Stadium
Shenyang Shenyang Olympic Sports Center Stadium
  London 2012 London Wembley Stadium
Glasgow Hampden Park
Cardiff Millennium Stadium
Coventry City of Coventry Stadium*
Manchester Old Trafford
Newcastle upon Tyne St James' Park*
  Rio 2016 Rio de Janeiro Estádio do Maracanã
Estádio Olímpico João Havelange
São Paulo Arena Corinthians
Brasília Estádio Nacional Mané Garrincha
Salvador Arena Fonte Nova*
Belo Horizonte Estádio Mineirão
Manaus Arena da Amazônia
  Tokyo 2020 Tokyo Olympic Stadium
Tokyo Stadium
Yokohama International Stadium Yokohama
Saitama Saitama Stadium 2002
Miyagi Miyagi Stadium
Sapporo Sapporo Dome
  • City of Coventry Stadium & St. James Park were normally called Ricoh Arena & Sports Direct Arena, but because of the IOC's rules disallowing corporate sponsorship for event sites, they were renamed for the duration of the games.
  • Arena Fonte Nova is normally called Itaipava Arena Fonte Nova, but because of the IOC's rules disallowing corporate sponsorship for event sites, the venue was renamed for the duration of the games.

EventsEdit

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
Men's event X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 27
Women's event X X X X X X X 7
Events 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

Competition formatEdit

For both the men's and women's tournaments, the competition consists of a round-robin group stage followed by a knockout stage. Teams are placed into groups of 4 teams, with each team playing each other team in its group once. Teams earn 3 points for a win, 1 point for a draw, and 0 points for a loss. The top two teams in each group (as well as the top two third-place finishers, in the women's tournament) advance to the knockout rounds. The knockout rounds are a single-elimination tournament consisting of quarterfinals, semifinals, and the gold and bronze medal matches.

Matches consist of two halves of 45 minutes each. During the knockout rounds, if the match is tied after 90 minutes, two 15-minute halves of extra time are played (extra time is skipped in favor of immediate penalty kicks in the bronze medal match if it is played on the same day in the same stadium as the gold medal match). If the score remains tied, penalty kicks are used to determine the winner.[17]

Participating nationsEdit

MenEdit

Numbers refer to the final placing of each team at the respective Games.

UEFA
Nation 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Years
  Austria 6 2 =11 =5 4
  Belarus 10 1
  Belgium 3 1 15 =5 4 5
  Bulgaria 10 =17 3 5 2 5
  Czech Republic 14 1
  Czechoslovakia 9 9 2 9 1 Split into Slovakia and Czech Republic 5
  Denmark 2 2 10 3 =5 2 6 13 8 9
  East Germany[18] 3 3 1 2 Merged with West Germany 4
  Estonia =17 1
  Finland 4 =9 =14 9 4
  France 2 5 4 5 =9 =5 =17 9 7 5 1 5 12
  Germany[19] 7 =5 =6 4 =9 5 5 3 2 9
  Great Britain 1 1 1 11 =6 4 =17 =5 8 5 10
  Greece 13 =17 15 3
  Hungary 5 13 =9 1 3 1 1 2 16 9
  Ireland 7 =17 2
  Israel Competed with Asia 2
  Italy 8 5 6 3 1 =5 =9 4 4 4 5 12 5 3 5 15
  Latvia 16 1
  Lithuania =17 1
  Luxembourg 12 11 =9 =9 =9 =9 6
  Netherlands 3 3 3 4 =9 =9 =17 7 8
  Norway 9 7 3 =14 10 5
  Poland =17 4 =9 10 1 2 2 7
  Portugal =5 4 14 6 4
  Romania 14 =17 5 3
  Russia 10 1
  Serbia 12 1
  Serbia and Montenegro 16 1
  Slovakia 13 1
  Soviet Union =9 1 3 3 3 1 Split into 15 nations 6
  Spain 2 =17 =5 6 13 10 1 6 2 14 10
  Sweden 4 11 6 3 =9 1 3 6 6 15 10
  Switzerland 2 =9 13 3
  Turkey =17 =9 =9 =5 =5 14 6
  Yugoslavia 9 =17 =9 2 2 2 1 6 4 3 10 Split into 7 nations 11
CONMEBOL
Nation 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Years
  Argentina 2 7 10 8 2 1 1 11 8
  Brazil =5 6 9 13 13 4 2 2 3 7 3 2 1 13
  Chile 17 =17 7 3 4
  Colombia 10 11 11 14 6 5
  Paraguay 7 2 2
  Peru 5 11 2
  Uruguay 1 1 9 3
  Venezuela 12 1
CONCACAF
Nation 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Years
  Canada 1 12 6 3
  Costa Rica 16 13 8 3
  Cuba 11 7 2
  El Salvador 15 1
  Guatemala 8 10 16 3
  Honduras 10 16 7 4 4
  Mexico =9 =11 11 4 7 9 10 7 =10 1 9 11
  Netherlands Antilles =14 1
  United States 2[20] 3 12 =9 =9 =11 =17 =5 14 9 12 9 10 4 9 14
CAF
Nation 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Years
  Algeria 8 14 2
  Cameroon 11 1 8 3
  Egypt 8 8 4 =9 =11 =9 12 4 8 12 8 11
  Ivory Coast 6 1
  Gabon 12 1
  Ghana 7 12 16 3 8 9 6
  Guinea 11 1
  Mali 5 1
  Morocco 13 8 12 15 16 =10 11 7
  Nigeria 14 13 15 1 8 2 3 7
  Senegal 6 - 1
  South Africa 11 13 2
  Sudan 15 1
  Tunisia 15 13 14 12 4
  Zambia 15 5 2
AFC
Nation 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Years
  Afghanistan =17 1
  Australia Competed with Oceania 7 11 1
  China 14 13 2
  Chinese Taipei =9 =11 16 3
  India =11 =17 4 13 4
  Indonesia =5 1
  Iran 12 12 7 3
  Iraq 5 14 9 4 12 5
  Israel 5 6 Competed with Europe 2
  Japan =6 =9 8 3 9 6 13 15 4 10 10
  Kuwait 6 16 12 3
  Malaysia 10 1
  Myanmar 9 1
  North Korea 8 1
  Qatar 15 8 2
  Saudi Arabia 16 15 2
  South Korea =5 14 11 11 11 9 6 10 3 5 10
  Syria 14 1
  Thailand =9 16 2
  United Arab Emirates 15 1
OFC
Nation 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Years
  Australia =5 7 4 13 15 7 AFC 6
  Fiji 16 1
  New Zealand 14 16 2
Total nations 3 2 5 11 14 22 17 16 18 25 11 16 14 16 16 13 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16

WomenEdit

Numbers refer to the final placing of each team at the respective Games. Host Nation is shown in bold.

Nation 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
  Argentina 11 1
  Australia 7 5 7 3
  Brazil 4 4 2 2 6 4 Q 7
  Cameroon 12 1
  Canada 8 3 3 3
  China 2 5 9 5 8 5
  Colombia 11 11 2
  Denmark 8 1
  France 4 6 2
  Germany 5 3 3 3 1 5
  Great Britain 5 1
  Greece 10 1
  Japan 7 7 4 2 Q 5
  Mexico 8 1
  New Zealand 10 8 9 3
  Nigeria 8 6 11 3
  North Korea 9 9 2
  Norway 3 1 7 3
  South Africa 10 10 2
  Sweden 6 6 4 6 7 2 6
  United States 1 2 1 1 1 5 6
  Zimbabwe 12 1
Total nations 8 8 10 12 12 12 12

Men's tournamentEdit

Association Football at the Summer Olympics – Men's tournament
Founded 1900[21]
Region International (FIFA)
Number of teams 16 (from 6 confederations)
Current champions   Brazil
(1st title)
Most successful team(s)   Great Britain
  Hungary
(3 titles each)
  2016 Summer Olympics

The qualifying tournament, like that for the World Cup, is organised along continental lines. Most continental confederations organise a special Under-23 qualifying tournament, although the European qualifiers are drawn from the finalists of the UEFA Under-21 Championship and South American qualifiers from the South American Youth Championship, which is a U-20 tournament. Teams participating in the preliminary and final competitions must be composed of U-23 players, with a maximum of three players who are older than U-23. For Rio 2016, U-23 players are born after January 1, 1993.[22]

For the 2016 Games, the number of places allocated to each continent was:

Women's tournamentEdit

Association Football at the Summer Olympics – Women's tournament
Founded 1996
Region International (FIFA)
Number of teams 12 (from 6 confederations)
Current champions   Germany
(1st title)
Most successful team(s)   United States
(4 titles)
  2016 Summer Olympics

The women's tournament is contested between full national sides, with no age restrictions. One place is reserved for the host country. Of the remaining teams, as in World Cup contests a specific number of places are reserved for teams from each continental region; the European (UEFA) teams are chosen from the most successful European teams in the previous year's World Cup, whilst the other continental regions host their own qualifying tournaments in the build-up to the Olympics.

The first women's tournament was at the 1996 Atlanta Games. The United States won the gold medal, and picked up silver in 2000 after an extra time defeat by Norway. The finals of the next two tournaments, in 2004 and 2008, also went to extra time, with the U.S. defeating Brazil both times. In 2012 the U.S. won their fourth gold medal defeating Japan 2–1 in the final.

Allocation of places for each continent in the 2016 Games was:

RecordsEdit

Denmark's Sophus Nielsen in the 1908 and 1912 hold the record for the most goals scored by a player in an all and single tournament, scoring 13 goals. The first official football tournament was held in London, England, 1908.

Neymar marked the fastest goal in a men's Olympic football match in history at 14 seconds in the semi-final match against Honduras on 17 August 2016.[23]

GoalscorersEdit

The all-time top goalscorers with at least 8 goals (as of 1908)

14 goals
13 goals
12 goals
11 goals
10 goals
9 goals
8 goals

Men's resultsEdit

Clubs (1896–1904)Edit

※ These are not recognized by FIFA, but by the IOC.

# Year Hosts Gold Medal Game Bronze Medal Game
Gold Score Silver Bronze Score Fourth Place
N/A 1896  
Athens
No football tournament
1 1900
Details
 
Paris
 
Great Britain
(Upton Park F.C.)
[24]  
France
(USFSA XI)
 
Belgium
(ULB)
[24] Only three teams entered
2 1904
Details
 
St. Louis
 
Canada
(Galt F.C.)
[25]  
United States
(Christian Brothers College)
 
United States
(St. Rose Parish)
[25] Only three teams entered

Senior national teams (1908–1948)Edit

# Year Hosts Gold Medal Game Bronze Medal Game
Gold Score Silver Bronze Score Fourth Place
3 1908
Details
 
London
 
Great Britain
2 – 0  
Denmark
 
Netherlands
2 – 0  
Sweden
4 1912
Details
 
Stockholm
 
Great Britain
4 – 2  
Denmark
 
Netherlands
9 – 0  
Finland
5 1920
Details
 
Antwerp
 
Belgium
[26]  
Spain
 
Netherlands
[26]  
France
6 1924
Details
 
Paris
 
Uruguay
3 – 0  
Switzerland
 
Sweden
1 – 1
aet
 
Netherlands
Match replay: 3 – 1
7 1928
Details
 
Amsterdam
 
Uruguay
1 – 1
aet
 
Argentina
 
Italy
11 – 3  
Egypt
Match replay: 2 – 1
N/A 1932  
Los Angeles
No football tournament
8 1936
Details
 
Berlin
 
Italy
2 – 1
aet
 
Austria
 
Norway
3 – 2  
Poland
9 1948
Details
 
London
 
Sweden
3 – 1  
Yugoslavia
 
Denmark
5 – 3  
Great Britain

Amateur national teams (1952–1980)Edit

※ Countries in the Eastern Bloc participate in as senior national teams.

# Year Hosts Gold Medal Game Bronze Medal Game
Gold Score Silver Bronze Score Fourth Place
10 1952
Details
 
Helsinki
 
Hungary
2 – 0  
Yugoslavia
 
Sweden
2 – 0  
Germany
11 1956
Details
 
Melbourne
 
Soviet Union
1 – 0  
Yugoslavia
 
Bulgaria
3 – 0  
India
12 1960
Details
 
Rome
 
Yugoslavia
3 – 1  
Denmark
 
Hungary
2 – 1  
Italy
13 1964
Details
 
Tokyo
 
Hungary
2 – 1  
Czechoslovakia
 
Germany[18]
3 – 1  
United Arab Republic
14 1968
Details
 
Mexico City
 
Hungary
4 – 1  
Bulgaria
 
Japan
2 – 0  
Mexico
15 1972
Details
 
Munich
 
Poland
2 – 1  
Hungary
 
East Germany
 
Soviet Union
2 – 2[27]
aet
16 1976
Details
 
Montreal
 
East Germany
3 – 1  
Poland
 
Soviet Union
2 – 0  
Brazil
17 1980
Details
 
Moscow
 
Czechoslovakia
1 – 0  
East Germany
 
Soviet Union
2 – 0  
Yugoslavia

Senior national teams, except UEFA and CONMEBOL (1984–1988)Edit

※ Senior national teams allowed. But players who participate at FIFA World Cup in UEFA and CONMEBOL are not allowed.

# Year Hosts Gold Medal Game Bronze Medal Game
Gold Score Silver Bronze Score Fourth Place
18 1984
Details
 
Los Angeles
 
France
2 – 0  
Brazil
 
Yugoslavia
2 – 1  
Italy
19 1988
Details
 
Seoul
 
Soviet Union
2 – 1
aet
 
Brazil
 
West Germany
3 – 0  
Italy

Under-23 national teams (1992–present)Edit

※ Since 1992, players under 23 years old, with three over-23 year old players, are allowed per squad.

# Year Hosts Gold Medal Game Bronze Medal Game
Gold Score Silver Bronze Score Fourth Place
20 1992
Details
 
Barcelona
 
Spain
3 – 2  
Poland
 
Ghana
1 – 0  
Australia
21 1996
Details
 
Atlanta
 
Nigeria
3 – 2  
Argentina
 
Brazil
5 – 0  
Portugal
22 2000
Details
 
Sydney
 
Cameroon
2 – 2
asdet
 
Spain
 
Chile
2 – 0  
United States
5 – 3 on penalty shootout
23 2004
Details
 
Athens
 
Argentina
1 – 0  
Paraguay
 
Italy
1 – 0  
Iraq
24 2008
Details
 
Beijing
 
Argentina
1 – 0  
Nigeria
 
Brazil
3 – 0  
Belgium
25 2012
Details
 
London
 
Mexico
2 − 1  
Brazil
 
South Korea
2 − 0  
Japan
26 2016
Details
 
Rio de Janeiro
 
Brazil
1 – 1
aet
 
Germany
 
Nigeria
3 − 2  
Honduras
5 – 4 on penalty shootout
27 2020
Details
 
Tokyo

Performances by countries for menEdit

Below are the 41 nations that have reached at least the semi-final stage in the Summer Olympics finals.

Team Titles Runners-up Third Place Fourth Place Medals
  Hungary 3 (1952, 1964, 1968) 1 (1972) 1 (1960) 5
  Great Britain 3 (1900, 1908, 1912) 1 (1948) 3
  Argentina 2 (2004, 2008) 2 (1928, 1996) 4
  Soviet Union 2 (1956, 1988) 3 (1972, 1976, 1980) 5
  Uruguay 2 (1924, 1928) 2
  Brazil 1 (2016) 3 (1984, 1988, 2012) 2 (1996, 2008) 1 (1976) 6
  Yugoslavia 1 (1960) 3 (1948, 1952, 1956) 1 (1984) 1 (1980) 5
  Poland 1 (1972) 2 (1976, 1992) 1 (1936) 3
  Spain 1 (1992) 2 (1920, 2000) 3
  East Germany 1 (1976) 1 (1980) 1 (1972) 3
  Nigeria 1 (1996) 1 (2008) 1 (2016) 3
  France 1 (1984) 1 (1900) 1 (1920) 2
  Czechoslovakia 1 (1980) 1 (1964) 2
  Italy 1 (1936) 2 (1928, 2004) 3 (1960, 1984, 1988) 3
  Sweden 1 (1948) 2 (1924, 1952) 1 (1908) 3
  Belgium 1 (1920) 1 (1900) 1 (2008) 2
  Mexico 1 (2012) 1 (1968) 1
  Canada 1 (1904) 1
  Cameroon 1 (2000) 1
  Denmark 3 (1908, 1912, 1960) 1 (1948) 4
  United States 1 (1904) 1 (1904) 1 (2000) 2
  Bulgaria 1 (1968) 1 (1956) 2
  Germany 1 (2016) 1 (1952) 1
   Switzerland 1 (1924) 1
  Austria 1 (1936) 1
  Paraguay 1 (2004) 1
  Netherlands 3 (1908, 1912, 1920) 1 (1924) 3
  Japan 1 (1968) 1 (2012) 1
  Norway 1 (1936) 1
  Germany* 1 (1964) 1
  West Germany 1 (1988) 1
  Ghana 1 (1992) 1
  Chile 1 (2000) 1
  South Korea 1 (2012) 1
  Egypt 2 (1928, 1964) 0
  Finland 1 (1912) 0
  India 1 (1956) 0
  Australia 1 (1992) 0
  Portugal 1 (1996) 0
  Iraq 1 (2004) 0
  Honduras 1 (2016) 0

* United Team of Germany

Men's top scorers by tournamentEdit

Year Player Goals
1900   Gaston Peltier
  John Nicholas
2
1904   Alexander Hall
  Tom Taylor
3
1908   Sophus Nielsen 11
1912   Gottfried Fuchs 10
1920   Herbert Karlsson 7
1924   Pedro Petrone 8
1928   Domingo Tarasconi 9
1936   Annibale Frossi 7
1948   John Hansen
  Gunnar Nordahl
7
1952   Rajko Mitić
  Branko Zebec
7
1956   Neville D'Souza
  Todor Veselinović
  Dimitar Milanov
4
1960   Harald Nielsen 8
1964   Ferenc Bene 12
1968   Kunishige Kamamoto 7
1972   Kazimierz Deyna 9
1976   Andrzej Szarmach 6
1980   Sergey Andreyev 5
1984   Borislav Cvetković
  Stjepan Deverić
  Daniel Xuereb
5
1988   Romario 7
1992   Andrzej Juskowiak 7
1996   Bebeto
  Hernán Crespo
6
2000   Iván Zamorano 6
2004   Carlos Tevez 8
2008   Giuseppe Rossi 4
2012   Leandro Damião 6
2016   Serge Gnabry
  Nils Petersen
6

Women's resultsEdit

# Year Hosts Gold Medal Game Bronze Medal Game
Gold Score Silver Bronze Score Fourth Place
1 1996
Details
 
Atlanta
 
United States
2 – 1  
China
 
Norway
2 – 0  
Brazil
2 2000
Details
 
Sydney
 
Norway
3 – 2
asdet
 
United States
 
Germany
2 – 0  
Brazil
3 2004
Details
 
Athens
 
United States
2 – 1
aet
 
Brazil
 
Germany
1 – 0  
Sweden
4 2008
Details
 
Beijing
 
United States
1 – 0
aet
 
Brazil
 
Germany
2 – 0  
Japan
5 2012
Details
 
London
 
United States
2 – 1  
Japan
 
Canada
1 – 0  
France
6 2016
Details
 
Rio de Janeiro
 
Germany
2 – 1  
Sweden
 
Canada
2 – 1  
Brazil
7 2020
Details
 
Tokyo

Performances by countries for womenEdit

Below are the 9 nations that have reached at least the semi-final stage in the Summer Olympics finals.

Team Titles Runners-up Third Place Fourth Place Medals
  United States 4 (1996, 2004, 2008, 2012) 1 (2000) 5
  Germany 1 (2016) 3 (2000, 2004, 2008) 4
  Norway 1 (2000) 1 (1996) 2
  Brazil 2 (2004, 2008) 3 (1996, 2000, 2016) 2
  Japan 1 (2012) 1 (2008) 1
  Sweden 1 (2016) 1 (2004) 1
  China PR 1 (1996) 1
  Canada 2 (2012, 2016) 2
  France 1 (2012) 0

Women's top scorers by tournamentEdit

Year Player Goals
1996   Ann Kristin Aarønes
  Linda Medalen
  Pretinha
4
2000   Sun Wen 4
2004   Cristiane
  Birgit Prinz
5
2008   Cristiane 5
2012   Christine Sinclair 6
2016   Melanie Behringer 5

Goalscorers (Woman)Edit

The all-time top goalscorers with at least 5 goals (1996–2016)

14 goals
11 goals
10 goals
9 goals
8 goals
7 goals
6 goals
5 goals

Medal tableEdit

TotalEdit

※ Countries ranked by total medals won (men's and women's) including unofficial (1900 and 1904).
※ Bronze medals shared in 1972 tournament

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  United States (USA)4217
2  Hungary (HUN)3115
3  Great Britain (GBR)3003
4  Argentina (ARG)2204
5  Soviet Union (URS)2035
6  Uruguay (URU)2002
7  Brazil (BRA)1528
8  Yugoslavia (YUG)1315
9  Poland (POL)1203
  Spain (ESP)1203
11  Germany (GER)1135
12  Sweden (SWE)1124
13  East Germany (GDR)1113
  Nigeria (NGR)1113
15  Czechoslovakia (TCH)1102
  France (FRA)1102
17  Canada (CAN)1023
  Italy (ITA)1023
  Norway (NOR)1023
20  Belgium (BEL)1012
21  Cameroon (CMR)1001
  Mexico (MEX)1001
23  Denmark (DEN)0314
24  Bulgaria (BUL)0112
  Japan (JPN)0112
26  Austria (AUT)0101
  China (CHN)0101
  Paraguay (PAR)0101
  Switzerland (SUI)0101
30  Netherlands (NED)0033
31  Chile (CHI)0011
  Ghana (GHA)0011
  South Korea (KOR)0011
  United Team of Germany (EUA)0011
  West Germany (FRG)0011
Totals (35 nations)32323397


Men's medal tableEdit

※ Countries ranked by total medals won including unofficial (1900 and 1904).
※ Bronze medals shared in 1972 tournament

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Hungary (HUN)3115
2  Great Britain (GBR)3003
3  Argentina (ARG)2204
4  Soviet Union (URS)2035
5  Uruguay (URU)2002
6  Brazil (BRA)1326
7  Yugoslavia (YUG)1315
8  Poland (POL)1203
  Spain (ESP)1203
10  East Germany (GDR)1113
  Nigeria (NGR)1113
12  Czechoslovakia (TCH)1102
  France (FRA)1102
14  Italy (ITA)1023
  Sweden (SWE)1023
16  Belgium (BEL)1012
17  Cameroon (CMR)1001
  Canada (CAN)1001
  Mexico (MEX)1001
20  Denmark (DEN)0314
21  Bulgaria (BUL)0112
  United States (USA)0112
23  Austria (AUT)0101
  Germany (GER)0101
  Paraguay (PAR)0101
  Switzerland (SUI)0101
27  Netherlands (NED)0033
28  Chile (CHI)0011
  Ghana (GHA)0011
  Japan (JPN)0011
  Norway (NOR)0011
  South Korea (KOR)0011
  United Team of Germany (EUA)0011
  West Germany (FRG)0011
Totals (34 nations)26262779

Women's medal tableEdit

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  United States (USA)4105
2  Germany (GER)1034
3  Norway (NOR)1012
4  Brazil (BRA)0202
5  China (CHN)0101
  Japan (JPN)0101
  Sweden (SWE)0101
8  Canada (CAN)0022
Totals (8 nations)66618

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Goldblatt, David. The Ball Is Round : A Global History of Football. Penguin Books. p. 243. ISBN 978-0-14-101582-8.
  2. ^ Mallon, Bill; Widlund, Ture (1998). The 1896 Olympic Games. Results for All Competitors in All Events, with Commentary. Jefferson: McFarland. p. 118. ISBN 0-7864-0379-9.
  3. ^ The forgotten story of ... football, farce and fascism at the 1936 Olympics
  4. ^ "Controversia – Berlín 36. Un mito derrumbado (The Berlin '36 Controversy. A myth debunked.)" (in Spanish). Larepublica.com.pe. Archived from the original on 2009-03-22. Retrieved 2009-02-15.
  5. ^ https://www.olympic.org/international-association-football-federation, retrieved 09/12/2018
  6. ^ "Women Sports Get a Boost". The New York Times. September 20, 1993. Retrieved July 15, 2017.
  7. ^ "Players". The Seattle Times. October 17, 1993. p. C2.
  8. ^ Gildea, William (August 2, 1996). "U.S. Women's Soccer Team Wins Gold". The Washington Post. p. A1. Retrieved July 15, 2017.
  9. ^ http://www.scottishfa.co.uk/news.cfm?newsid=4029&pageid=155&back=1
  10. ^ http://www.newsletter.co.uk/sport/YOUR-VIEWS-Olympic-football-threat.4327759
  11. ^ "Brown pays tribute to GB success". BBC News. 24 August 2008. Retrieved 2 May 2010.
  12. ^ "Nations pave way for 2012 GB team". BBC Sport. 2009-05-29. Retrieved 2009-05-29.
  13. ^ "London 2012 Olympics: Gareth Bale and non-English players have 'legal right' to play for Team GB". Daily Telegraph. 24 March 2011. Retrieved 28 April 2011.
  14. ^ "Going for gold: Team GB Pearce reveals 18-man squad for London Olympics". Daily Mail. 2 July 2012. Retrieved 2 July 2012.
  15. ^ "So much for Team GB... Powell defends nearly all-English women's football squad". Daily Mail. 26 June 2012.
  16. ^ Kelso, Paul (14 August 2012). "British Olympic Association chief executive Andy Hunt criticises Football Association for lack of support". London: Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 15 August 2012.
  17. ^ Regulations for the Olympic Football Tournaments
  18. ^ a b The East German team represented the United Team of Germany in 1964, winning the bronze medal.
  19. ^ The team represented the United Team of Germany in 1956, and the Federal Republic of Germany (i.e., West Germany) in 1972, 1984 and 1988, and winning the bronze medal in 1988.
  20. ^ The United States had two of the three teams at the 1904 Games, taking the silver and bronze medals.
  21. ^ The 1900 and 1904 tournaments, they are not recognized by FIFA. The competition has been held regularly, except 1932. Since 1992 compete exclusively the U23 national teams.
  22. ^ "REGULATIONS for the Olympic Football Tournaments" (PDF).
  23. ^ [1]
  24. ^ a b The 1900 tournament was originally a pair of demonstration matches between the three teams, but has subsequently been upgraded to official status by the IOC with medals attributed to the teams based upon the match results.
  25. ^ a b The 1904 tournament was originally a set of demonstration matches between the three teams (two from the United States), but has subsequently been upgraded to official status by the IOC with medals attributed to the teams based upon the round-robin results.
  26. ^ a b In 1920, Czechoslovakia abandoned the final match against Belgium after 40 minutes with the latter up 2–0. They were disqualified, and a mini-tournament to figure out the other medalists was held, with Spain beating the Netherlands for second place 3–1.
  27. ^ In 1972, the third place match between East Germany and the Soviet Union was a 2–2 tie after extra time had expired. Both teams were awarded bronze medals.

External linksEdit