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United States women's national soccer team

The United States women's national soccer team (USWNT) represents the United States in international women's soccer. The team is the most successful in international women's soccer, winning four Women's World Cup titles (including the first Women's World Cup in 1991), four Olympic gold medals (including the first Olympic women's soccer tournament in 1996), eight CONCACAF Gold Cups and the gold medal at the 1999 Pan American Games (the first women's soccer competition in Pan American Games history). It medaled in every World Cup and Olympic tournament in women's soccer history from 1991 to 2015, before being knocked out in the quarterfinal of the 2016 Summer Olympics. The team is governed by United States Soccer Federation and competes in CONCACAF (the Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football).

United States
Shirt badge/Association crest
Nickname(s)US Women's team
The Stars and Stripes
AssociationUnited States Soccer Federation
ConfederationCONCACAF
(North, Central America, and the Caribbean)
Sub-confederationNAFU (North America)
Head coachJill Ellis
CaptainCarli Lloyd
Alex Morgan
Megan Rapinoe
Most capsKristine Lilly (354)
Top scorerAbby Wambach (184)
FIFA codeUSA
First colors
Second colors
FIFA ranking
Current 1 Steady (July 12, 2019)[1]
Highest1 (various times)
Lowest2 (various times)
First international
 Italy 1–0 United States 
(Jesolo, Italy; August 18, 1985)
Biggest win
 United States 14–0 Dominican Rep. 
(Vancouver, Canada; January 20, 2012)
Biggest defeat
 Brazil 4–0 United States 
(Hangzhou, China; September 27, 2007)
World Cup
Appearances8 (first in 1991)
Best resultChampions: 1991, 1999, 2015, 2019
Olympic Games
Appearances6 (first in 1996)
Best resultGold Gold: 1996, 2004, 2008, 2012
CONCACAF Championship
& Gold Cup
Appearances9 (first in 1991)
Best resultChampions: 1991, 1993, 1994, 2000, 2002, 2006, 2014, 2018

After being ranked No. 2 on average from 2003 to 2008 in the FIFA Women's World Rankings,[2] the team was ranked No. 1 continuously from March 2008 to November 2014,[3] falling back behind Germany, the only other team to occupy the No. 1 position in the ranking's history. The team dropped to 2nd on March 24, 2017, due to its last-place finish in the 2017 SheBelieves Cup, then returned to 1st on June 23, 2017, after victories in friendlies against Russia, Sweden, and Norway.[4] The team was selected as the U.S. Olympic Committee's Team of the Year in 1997 and 1999,[5] and Sports Illustrated chose the entire team as 1999 Sportswomen of the Year for its usual Sportsman of the Year honor.[6] On April 5, 2017, U.S. Women's Soccer and U.S. Soccer reached a deal on a new collective bargaining agreement that would, among other things, lead to a pay increase.[7]

Contents

HistoryEdit

Origins in the 1980sEdit

The passing of Title IX in 1972, which outlawed gender-based discrimination for federally-funded education programs, spurred the creation of college soccer teams across the United States at a time when women's soccer was rising in popularity internationally.[8] The U.S. Soccer Federation tasked coach Mike Ryan to select a roster of college players to participate in the 1985 Mundialito tournament in Italy, its first foray into women's international soccer.[9] The team played its first match on August 18, 1985, losing 1–0 to Italy, and finished the tournament in fourth place after failing to win its remaining matches against Denmark and England.[10][11]

University of North Carolina coach Anson Dorrance was hired as the team's first full-time manager in 1986 with the goal of fielding a competitive women's team at the next Mundialito and at future tournaments.[11] In their first Mundialito under Dorrance, the United States defeated China, Brazil, and Japan before finishing as runners-up to Italy.[12] Dorrance gave national team appearances to teenage players, including future stars Mia Hamm, Julie Foudy, and Kristine Lilly, instead of the college players preferred by the federation.[13] The United States played in the 1988 FIFA Women's Invitation Tournament in China, a FIFA-sanctioned competition to test the feasibility of a regular women's championship, and lost in the quarterfinals to eventual champions Norway.[11]

1990sEdit

Following the 1988 tournament, FIFA announced plans for a new women's tournament, named the 1st FIFA World Championship for Women's Football for the M&M's Cup until it was retroactively given the "World Cup" name. The United States qualified for the tournament by winning the inaugural CONCACAF Women's Championship, hosted by Haiti in April 1991, outscoring their opponents 49–0 for the sole CONCACAF berth in the tournament.[11][14] The team played several exhibition matches abroad against European opponents to prepare for the world championship, while its players quit their regular jobs to train full-time with meager compensation.[15][16] Dorrance utilized a 4–3–3 formation that was spearheaded by the "Triple-Edged Sword" of forward Michelle Akers-Stahl and wingers Carin Jennings and April Heinrichs.[17]

At the Women's World Cup, the United States won all three of its group stage matches and outscored its opponents 11–2. In the opening match against Sweden, the U.S. took a 3–0 lead early in the second half, but conceded two goals to end the match with a narrower 3–2 victory. The U.S. proceeded to win 5–0 in its second match against Brazil and 3–0 in its third match against Japan in the following days, clinching first place in the group and a quarterfinal berth.[18] The United States proceeded with a 7–0 victory in the quarterfinals over Chinese Taipei, fueled by a five-goal performance by Akers-Stahl in the first fifty minutes of the match.[18]

In the semifinals against Germany, Carin Jennings scored a hat-trick in the first half as the team clinched a place in the final with a 5–2 victory.[19] The team's lopsided victories in the earlier rounds had brought attention from American media outlets, but the final match was not televised live in the U.S.[18] The United States won the inaugural Women's World Cup title by defeating Norway 2–1 in the final, played in front of 65,000 spectators at Tianhe Stadium in Guangzhou, as Akers-Stahl scored twice to create and restore a lead for the Americans.[20] Akers-Stahl finished as the top goalscorer at the tournament, with ten goals, and Carin Jennings was awarded the Golden Ball as the tournament's best player.[21]

Despite their Women's World Cup victory, the U.S. team remained in relative obscurity and received a small welcome from several U.S. Soccer Federation officials upon arrival at John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York City.[22] The team were given fewer resources and little attention from the federation as they focused on improving the men's national team in preparation for the 1994 men's World Cup that would be hosted in the United States.[23] The women's team was placed on hiatus after the tournament, only playing twice in 1992, but returned the following year to play in several tournaments hosted in Cyprus, Canada, and the United States, including a second CONCACAF Championship title. The program was still supported better than those of the former Soviet Union, where football was considered a "men's game".[24][23][25]

The United States played in several friendly tournaments to prepare for the 1995 FIFA Women's World Cup and its qualification campaign. The first was the inaugural staging of the Algarve Cup in Portugal, which saw the team win its two group stage matches but lose 1–0 to Norway in the final. It followed by a victory in the Chiquita Cup, an exhibition tournament hosted in August on the U.S. East Coast against Germany, China, and Norway.[26][27] Dorrance resigned from his position as head coach in early August and was replaced by his assistant, Tony DiCicco, a former professional goalkeeper who played in the American Soccer League.[23][28] DiCicco led the United States to a berth in the Women's World Cup by winning the 1994 CONCACAF Championship, where the team scored 36 goals and conceded only one.[26]

In February 1995, the U.S. women's program opened a permanent training and treatment facility in Sanford, Florida, and began a series of warm-up friendlies that were paid for by American company Nike.[29] The team topped their group in the Women's World Cup, despite a 3–3 tie with China in the opening match and losing goalkeeper Brianna Scurry to a red card in their second match. The United States proceeded to beat Japan 4–0 in the quarterfinals, but lost 1–0 to eventual champions Norway in the semifinals. The team finished in third place, winning 2–0 in its consolation match against China.

The team won the gold medal in the inaugural Olympics women's soccer tournament in the 1996 Summer Olympics, hosted in Atlanta before large crowds.[citation needed] Julie Foudy, Kristine Lilly, and the rest of the 1999 team started a revolution towards women's team sports in America. An influential victory came in the 1999 World Cup when they defeated China 5–4 in a penalty shoot-out following a 0–0 draw after extended time.[30] With this win they emerged onto the world stage and brought significant media attention to women's soccer and athletics. On July 10, 1999, over 90,000 people (the largest ever for a women's sporting event and one of the largest attendances in the world for a tournament game final) filled the Rose Bowl to watch the United States play China in the Final. After a back and forth game, the score was tied 0–0 at full-time, and remained so after extra time, leading to a penalty kick shootout. With Briana Scurry's save of China's third kick, the score was 4–4 with only Brandi Chastain left to shoot. She scored and won the game for the United States. Chastain dropped to her knees and whipped off her shirt, celebrating in her sports bra, which later made the cover of Sports Illustrated and the front pages of newspapers around the country and world.[31] This win influenced many girls to want to play on a soccer team.[32]

2000sEdit

In the 2003 FIFA Women's World Cup, the U.S. defeated Norway 1–0 in the quarterfinals, but lost 0–3 to Germany in the semifinals. The team then defeated Canada 3–1 to claim third place.[33] Abby Wambach was the team's top scorer with three goals; Joy Fawcett and Shannon Boxx made the tournament's all-star team.

At the 2007 FIFA Women's World Cup, the U.S. defeated England 3–0 in the quarterfinals but then suffered its most lopsided loss in team history when it lost to Brazil 0–4 in the semifinals.[34] The U.S. recovered to defeat Norway to take third place. Abby Wambach was the team's leading scorer with 6 goals, and Kristine Lilly was the only American named to the tournament's all-star team.

The team earned gold medals in both the 2004 and 2008 Olympics, but interest in the Women's National Team had diminished since their performance in the '99 World Cup. However, the second women's professional league was created in March of 2009, Women's Professional Soccer.

2010sEdit

In the quarterfinal of the 2011 Women's World Cup in Germany, the U.S. defeated Brazil 5–3 on penalty kicks. Abby Wambach's goal in the 122nd minute to tie the game 2–2 has been voted the greatest goal in U.S. soccer history and the greatest goal in Women's World Cup history.[35][36] The U.S. then beat France 3–1 in the semifinal, but lost to Japan 3–1 on penalty kicks in the Final after drawing 1–1 in regulation and 2–2 in overtime. Hope Solo was named the tournament's best goalkeeper and Abby Wambach won the silver ball as the tournament's second best player.

In the 2012 Summer Olympics, the U.S. won the gold medal for the fourth time in five Olympics by defeating Japan 2–1 in front of 80,203 fans at Wembley Stadium, a record for a women's soccer game at the Olympics.[37] The United States advanced to face Japan for the gold medal by winning the semifinal against Canada, a 4–3 victory at the end of extra time.[38] The 2012 London Olympics marked the first time the USWNT won every game en route to the gold medal and set an Olympic women's team record of 16 goals scored.[38]

 
A ticker tape parade in Manhattan celebrating the USWNT's 2015 World Cup victory

The National Women's Soccer League started in 2013, and provided competitive games as well as opportunities to players on the fringes of the squad.[39][40] The U.S. had a 43-game unbeaten streak that spanned two years – the streak began with a 4–0 win over Sweden in the 2012 Algarve Cup, and came to an end after a 1–0 loss against Sweden in the 2014 Algarve Cup.[41][42]

The USA defeated Japan 5–2 in the final of the 2015 World Cup, becoming the first team in history to win three Women's World Cup titles. In the 16th minute, Carli Lloyd achieved the fastest hat-trick from kick-off in World Cup history, and Abby Wambach was greeted with a standing ovation for her last World Cup match.[43] Following their 2015 World Cup win, the team was honored with a ticker tape parade in New York City, the first for a women's sports team, and honored by President Barack Obama at the White House.[44] On December 16, 2015, however, a 0–1 loss to China in Wambach's last game meant the team's first home loss since 2004, ending their 104-game home unbeaten streak.[45]

In the 2016 Summer Olympics, the U.S. drew against Sweden in the quarterfinal; in the following penalty kick phase, Sweden won the game 4–3. The loss marked the first time that the USWNT did not advance to the gold medal game of the Olympics, and the first time that the USWNT failed to advance to the semifinal round of a major tournament.[46]

After the defeat in the 2016 Olympics, the USWNT underwent a year of experimentation which saw them losing 3 home games. If not for a comeback win against Brazil, the USWNT was on the brink of losing 4 home games in one year, a low never before seen by the USWNT. 2017 saw the USWNT play 12 games against teams ranked in the top-15 in the world.[47]

Throughout 2018, the U.S. would pick up two major tournament wins, winning both the SheBelieves Cup[48] and the Tournament of Nations.[49] The team would enter qualifying for the 2019 FIFA Women's World Cup on a 21-game unbeaten streak and dominated the competition, winning all five of its games and the tournament whilst qualifying for the World Cup as well as scoring 18 goals and conceding none.[50] On November 8, 2018, the U.S. earned their 500th victory in team history after a 1–0 victory over Portugal.[51] The start of 2019 saw the U.S. lose an away game to France, 3–1, marking the end of a 28-game unbeaten streak and their first loss since a 1–0 defeat to Australia in July 2017.[52]

The USWNT started off their 2019 FIFA Women's World Cup campaign with a 13–0 victory against Thailand, setting a new Women's World Cup record. Alex Morgan equaled Michelle Akers' record of scoring five goals in a single World Cup match, while four of her teammates scored their first World Cup goals in their debut at the tournament.[53] The U.S. would win its next match against Chile 3–0[54] before concluding the group stage with a win of 2–0 over Sweden.[55] The team emerged as the winners of Group F and would go on to face Spain in the Round of 16, whom they would defeat 2–1 thanks to a pair of Megan Rapinoe penalties.[56] The team would achieve identical results in their next two games. With 2–1 victories over France[57] and then England[58] seeing them advance to a record third straight World Cup final, they played against the Netherlands for the title. They beat the Netherlands 2-0 in the final on July 7, 2019, becoming the first team in history to win four Women's World Cup titles.

Team imageEdit

Media coverageEdit

U.S. TV coverage for the five Women's World Cups from 1995 to 2011 was provided by ESPN/ABC and Univision,[59][60] while coverage rights for the three Women's World Cups from 2015 to 2023 were awarded to Fox Sports and Telemundo.[61][62] In May 2014 a deal was signed to split TV coverage of other USWNT games between ESPN, Fox Sports, and Univision through the end of 2022.[63] The USWNT games in the 2014 CONCACAF Women's Championship and the 2015 Algarve Cup were broadcast by Fox Sports.[64][65]

The 1999 World Cup final set the original record for largest US television audience for a women's soccer match with 18 million viewers on average[66][67] and was the most viewed English-language US broadcast of any soccer match until the 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup Final between the United States and Japan.[68]

The 2015 Women's World Cup Final between the US and Japan was the most watched soccer match – men's or women's – in American broadcast history.[69] It averaged 23 million viewers and higher ratings than the NBA finals and the Stanley Cup finals.[69][70] The final was also the most watched US-Spanish language broadcast of a FIFA Women's World Cup match in history.

Overall, there were over 750 million viewers for the 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup, making it the most watched Women's World Cup in history. The FIFA Women's World Cup is now the second most watched FIFA tournament, with only the men's FIFA World Cup attracting more viewership.[71]

AttendanceEdit

The 1999 World Cup final, in which the USA defeated China, set a world attendance record for a women's sporting event of 90,185 in a sellout at the Rose Bowl in Southern California.[72] The record for Olympic women's soccer attendance was set by the 2012 Olympic final between the USWNT and Japan, with 80,023 spectators at Wembley Stadium.[73]

Collective bargainingEdit

In recent years, the players of the USWNT have waged an escalating legal fight with the United States Soccer Federation over gender discrimination. Central to their demands is equal pay. The players point to their lower paychecks as compared to the U.S. men’s national team, despite their higher record of success in recent years.[74]

In April 2016, five players filed a wage-discrimination action against the U.S. Soccer Federation with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.[75] The group consisted of Hope Solo, Carli Lloyd, Alex Morgan, Megan Rapinoe, and Becky Sauerbrunn.

One year later, in April 2017, it was announced that a new collective bargaining agreement, or CBA, with U.S soccer had been made. The agreement stated that the players would have an increased base pay and improved match bonuses. These changes could increase their previous pay from $200,000 to $300,000. This 2017 CBA, however, does not guarantee the U.S national women's team equal pay with the men's national team. The CBA's five year term, through 2021, ensured that the next negotiation would not become an issue for the team in its next major competitions. On top of this CBA, U.S Soccer had agreed to pay the players for two years' worth of unequal per-diem payments.[76]

On March 8, 2019, all 28 members of the U.S. team filed a gender discrimination lawsuit against the United States Soccer Federation.[77] The lawsuit, filed in the United States District Court in Los Angeles, accused the Federation of "institutional gender discrimination."[78] The lawsuit claims that the discrimination affects not only the amount the players are paid but also their playing, training, and travel conditions.

Coaching staffEdit

Role Name Start date
Head coach   Jill Ellis May 2014
Assistant coach   Tony Gustavsson June 2012
Goalkeeper coach   Graeme Abel March 2015
Fitness coach   Dawn Scott February 2011
Talent identification   B.J. Snow February 2017

TeamEdit

Current squadEdit

The following 23 players were named to the roster for the 2019 FIFA Women's World Cup.[79]

Caps and goals are current as of July 7, 2019, after match against   Netherlands.

No. Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club
1 1GK Alyssa Naeher (1988-04-20) April 20, 1988 (age 31) 53 0   Chicago Red Stars
18 1GK Ashlyn Harris (1985-10-19) October 19, 1985 (age 33) 21 0   Orlando Pride
21 1GK Adrianna Franch (1990-11-12) November 12, 1990 (age 28) 1 0   Portland Thorns

4 2DF Becky Sauerbrunn (1985-06-06) June 6, 1985 (age 34) 164 0   Utah Royals
5 2DF Kelley O'Hara (1988-08-04) August 4, 1988 (age 30) 124 2   Utah Royals
7 2DF Abby Dahlkemper (1993-05-13) May 13, 1993 (age 26) 47 0   North Carolina Courage
11 2DF Ali Krieger (1984-07-28) July 28, 1984 (age 34) 103 1   Orlando Pride
12 2DF Tierna Davidson (1998-09-19) September 19, 1998 (age 20) 21 1   Chicago Red Stars
14 2DF Emily Sonnett (1993-11-25) November 25, 1993 (age 25) 34 0   Portland Thorns
19 2DF Crystal Dunn (1992-07-03) July 3, 1992 (age 27) 92 24   North Carolina Courage

3 3MF Sam Mewis (1992-10-09) October 9, 1992 (age 26) 56 14   North Carolina Courage
6 3MF Morgan Brian (1993-02-26) February 26, 1993 (age 26) 83 6   Chicago Red Stars
8 3MF Julie Ertz (1992-04-06) April 6, 1992 (age 27) 88 19   Chicago Red Stars
9 3MF Lindsey Horan (1994-05-26) May 26, 1994 (age 25) 74 10   Portland Thorns
16 3MF Rose Lavelle (1995-05-14) May 14, 1995 (age 24) 33 10   Washington Spirit
20 3MF Allie Long (1987-08-13) August 13, 1987 (age 31) 46 6   Reign FC

2 4FW Mallory Pugh (1998-04-29) April 29, 1998 (age 21) 56 17   Washington Spirit
10 4FW Carli Lloyd (co-captain) (1982-07-16) July 16, 1982 (age 37) 281 113   Sky Blue FC
13 4FW Alex Morgan (co-captain) (1989-07-02) July 2, 1989 (age 30) 169 107   Orlando Pride
15 4FW Megan Rapinoe (co-captain) (1985-07-05) July 5, 1985 (age 34) 158 50   Reign FC
17 4FW Tobin Heath (1988-05-29) May 29, 1988 (age 31) 156 30   Portland Thorns
22 4FW Jessica McDonald (1988-02-28) February 28, 1988 (age 31) 8 2   North Carolina Courage
23 4FW Christen Press (1988-12-29) December 29, 1988 (age 30) 123 49   Utah Royals

Recent call-upsEdit

The following players were also named to a squad in the last 12 months.

Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club Latest call-up
GK Jane Campbell (1995-02-17) February 17, 1995 (age 24) 3 0   Houston Dash v.   Australia; April 4, 2019 PRE

DF Casey Short (1990-08-23) August 23, 1990 (age 28) 27 0   Chicago Red Stars v.   Belgium; April 7, 2019 PRE
DF Emily Fox (1998-07-05) July 5, 1998 (age 21) 3 0   North Carolina Tar Heels 2019 SheBelieves Cup
DF Merritt Mathias (1990-07-02) July 2, 1990 (age 29) 1 0   North Carolina Courage 2019 SheBelieves Cup PRE
DF Hailie Mace (1997-03-24) March 24, 1997 (age 22) 3 0   FC Rosengård 2018 CONCACAF Championship
DF Jaelene Hinkle (1993-05-28) May 28, 1993 (age 26) 8 0   North Carolina Courage 2018 CONCACAF Championship PRO
DF Sofia Huerta (1992-12-14) December 14, 1992 (age 26) 7 0   Houston Dash 2018 CONCACAF Championship PRO

MF Andi Sullivan (1995-12-20) December 20, 1995 (age 23) 11 0   Washington Spirit v.   Belgium; April 7, 2019
MF McCall Zerboni (1986-12-13) December 13, 1986 (age 32) 9 0   North Carolina Courage v.   Belgium; April 7, 2019
MF Danielle Colaprico (1993-05-06) May 6, 1993 (age 26) 2 0   Chicago Red Stars 2019 SheBelieves Cup PRE

FW Savannah McCaskill (1996-07-31) July 31, 1996 (age 22) 5 0   Chicago Red Stars 2018 CONCACAF Championship PRO
FW Kealia Ohai (1992-01-31) January 31, 1992 (age 27) 3 1   Houston Dash 2018 CONCACAF Championship PRO
FW Amy Rodriguez (1987-02-17) February 17, 1987 (age 32) 132 30   Utah Royals 2018 CONCACAF Championship PRO
FW Lynn Williams (1993-05-21) May 21, 1993 (age 26) 18 4   North Carolina Courage 2018 CONCACAF Championship PRO

Notes:

  • PRE: Preliminary squad
  • PRO: Provisional roster

Recent schedule and resultsEdit

The following is a list of match results in the last 12 months, as well as any future matches that have been scheduled.

2018Edit

2019Edit

Competitive recordEdit

For results in minor tournaments, see the History of the United States women's national football team

All-time resultsEdit

Year M W D L GF GA Athlete of the Year Scoring leader G Assist leader A Coach Major tournam. result
1985 4 0 1 3 Sharon Remer Michelle Akers 2 Mike Ryan
1986 6 4 0 2 April Heinrichs Marcia McDermott 4 Anson Dorrance
1987 11 6 1 4 Carin Gabarra April Heinrichs 7 Anson Dorrance
1988 8 3 2 3 Joy Fawcett Carin Gabarra 5 C. Gabarra, K. Lilly 2 Anson Dorrance
1989 1 0 1 0 April Heinrichs (none) (none) Anson Dorrance
1990 6 6 0 0 Michelle Akers Michelle Akers 9 Kristine Lilly 3 Anson Dorrance
1991 28 21 1 6 Michelle Akers Michelle Akers 39 Carin Gabarra 21 Anson Dorrance World Cup (Champions)
1992 2 0 0 2 Carin Gabarra (3 players tied) 1 Tisha Venturini 2 Anson Dorrance
1993 17 13 0 4 Kristine Lilly Mia Hamm 10 Michelle Akers 6 Anson Dorrance
1994 13 12 0 1 Mia Hamm Michelle Akers 11 Michelle Akers 7 Anson Dorrance
1995 23 19 2 2 Mia Hamm Mia Hamm 19 Mia Hamm 18 Tony DiCicco World Cup (3rd place)
1996 24 21 2 1 Mia Hamm Tiffeny Milbrett 13 Mia Hamm 18 Tony DiCicco Olympics (Gold medal)
1997 18 16 0 2 Mia Hamm Mia Hamm 18 Tiffeny Milbrett 14 Tony DiCicco
1998 25 22 2 1 Mia Hamm Mia Hamm 20 Mia Hamm 20 Tony DiCicco
1999 29 25 2 2 Michelle Akers Tiffeny Milbrett 21 Mia Hamm 16 Tony DiCicco World Cup (Champions)
2000 41 26 9 6 Tiffeny Milbrett Cindy Parlow 19 Mia Hamm 14 L. Gregg, A. Heinrichs Olympics (Silver medal)
2001 10 3 2 5 Tiffeny Milbrett Tiffeny Milbrett 3 Mia Hamm 2 April Heinrichs
2002 19 15 2 2 Shannon MacMillan Shannon MacMillan 17 Aly Wagner 11 April Heinrichs
2003 23 17 4 2 Abby Wambach Abby Wambach 9 Mia Hamm 9 April Heinrichs World Cup (3rd place)
2004 34 28 4 2 Abby Wambach Abby Wambach 31 Mia Hamm 22 April Heinrichs Olympics (Gold medal)
2005 9 8 1 0 Kristine Lilly Christie Welsh 7 A. Wagner, A. Wambach 5 Greg Ryan
2006 22 18 4 0 Kristine Lilly Abby Wambach 17 Abby Wambach 8 Greg Ryan
2007 24 19 4 1 Abby Wambach Abby Wambach 20 Kristine Lilly 8 Greg Ryan World Cup (3rd place)
2008 36 33 2 1 Carli Lloyd Natasha Kai 15 H. O'Reilly, A. Wambach 10 Pia Sundhage Olympics (Gold medal)
2009 8 7 1 0 Hope Solo (3 players tied) 2 Heather O'Reilly 3 Pia Sundhage
2010 18 15 2 1 Abby Wambach Abby Wambach 16 Lori Lindsey 7 Pia Sundhage
2011 20 13 4 3 Abby Wambach Abby Wambach 8 L. Holiday, M. Rapinoe 5 Pia Sundhage World Cup (2nd place)
2012 32 28 3 1 Alex Morgan Alex Morgan 28 Alex Morgan 21 P. Sundhage, J. Ellis Olympics (Gold medal)
2013 16 13 3 0 Abby Wambach Abby Wambach 11 L. Holiday, A. Wambach 6 Tom Sermanni
2014 24 16 5 3 Lauren Holiday Carli Lloyd 15 Carli Lloyd 8 T. Sermanni, J. Ellis
2015 27 20 5 2 Carli Lloyd Carli Lloyd 18 Megan Rapinoe 10 Jill Ellis World Cup (Champions)
2016 25 22 0 3 Tobin Heath C. Lloyd, A. Morgan 17 Carli Lloyd 11 Jill Ellis
2017 16 12 1 3 Julie Ertz Alex Morgan 7 Megan Rapinoe 5 Jill Ellis
2018 20 18 2 0 Alex Morgan Alex Morgan 18 Megan Rapinoe 12 Jill Ellis
Total 639 499 70 70 1,162 250
Sources[80][81][82][83]

MajorEdit

The two highest-profile tournaments the U.S. team participates in are the quadrennial FIFA Women's World Cup and the quadrennial Olympic Games.

World CupEdit

The team has participated in every World Cup through 2019 and won a medal in each.

Year Result Matches Wins Draws Losses GF GA Coach
  1991 Champion 6 6 0 0 25 5 Anson Dorrance
  1995 Third Place 6 4 1 1 15 5 Tony DiCicco
  1999 Champion 6 5 1 0 18 3
  2003 Third Place 6 5 0 1 15 5 April Heinrichs
  2007 Third Place 6 4 1 1 12 7 Greg Ryan
  2011 Second Place 6 3 2 1 13 7 Pia Sundhage
  2015 Champion 7 6 1 0 14 3 Jill Ellis
  2019 Champion 7 7 0 0 26 3
Total 8/8 50 40 6 4 138 38

Olympic GamesEdit

The team has participated in every Olympic tournament through 2016 and reached the gold medal game in each until 2016, when they were eliminated in the quarterfinals on a penalty shootout loss to Sweden.

Year Result Matches Wins Draws Losses GF GA Coach
  1996 Gold medal 5 4 1 0 9 3 Tony DiCicco
  2000 Silver medal 5 3 1 1 9 5 April Heinrichs
  2004 Gold medal 6 5 1 0 12 4
  2008 Gold medal 6 5 0 1 12 5 Pia Sundhage
  2012 Gold medal 6 6 0 0 16 6
  2016 5th place 4 2 2 0 6 3 Jill Ellis
  2020 TBD-not yet qualified
  2024
  2028 Qualified as host
Total 6/6 33 26 5 2 63 25

MinorEdit

CONCACAF Championship and Gold CupEdit

Year Result Matches Wins Draws Losses GF GA Coach
  1991 Champion 5 5 0 0 49 0 Anson Dorrance
  1993 Champion 3 3 0 0 13 0
  1994 Champion 4 4 0 0 16 1 Tony DiCicco
  1998 Did not participate1
  2000 Champion 5 4 1 0 24 1 April Heinrichs
    2002 Champion 5 5 0 0 24 1
  2006 Champion 2 2 0 0 4 1 Greg Ryan
  2010 Third place 5 4 0 1 22 2 Pia Sundhage
  2014 Champion 5 5 0 0 21 0 Jill Ellis
  2018 Champion 5 5 0 0 26 0
Total 8/9 39 37 1 1 199 6

1 The US team directly qualified for the 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup as hosts of the event. Because of this, they did not participate in the 1998 CONCACAF Championship, which was the qualification tournament for the World Cup.

Algarve CupEdit

The Algarve Cup is a global invitational tournament for national teams in women's football hosted by the Portuguese Football Federation (FPF). Held annually in the Algarve region of Portugal since 1994, it is one of the most prestigious women's football events,[84] alongside the Women's World Cup and Women's Olympic Football. Since 2016, the SheBelieves Cup has gained more interest from the very top ranked teams (USA, Germany, France and England) and thus shifted some attention from the tournament.

Year Result Matches Wins Draws Losses GF GA Coach
1994 Runners-Up 3 2 0 1 6 1 Tony DiCicco
1995 4th Place 4 2 1 1 8 5
1996 Did not enter
1997
1998 Third Place 4 3 0 1 10 6 Tony DiCicco
1999 Runners-Up 4 2 1 1 8 4
2000 Champions 4 4 0 0 11 1 April Heinrichs
2001 6th Place 4 1 0 3 5 9
2002 5th Place 4 2 1 1 8 6
2003 Champions 4 2 2 0 5 2
2004 Champions 4 3 0 1 11 5
2005 Champions 4 4 0 0 9 0 Greg Ryan
2006 Runners-Up 4 2 2 0 9 1
2007 Champions 4 4 0 0 8 3
2008 Champions 4 4 0 0 12 1 Pia Sundhage
2009 Runners-Up 4 3 1 0 5 1
2010 Champions 4 4 0 0 9 3
2011 Champions 4 4 0 0 12 3
2012 Third Place 4 3 0 1 11 2
2013 Champions 4 3 1 0 11 1 Tom Sermanni
2014 7th Place 4 1 1 2 7 7
2015 Champions 4 3 1 0 7 1 Jill Ellis
Total[85] 20/22 79 56 11 12 172 62

SheBelieves CupEdit

The SheBelieves Cup is a global invitational tournament for national teams in women's football hosted in the United States.

Year Result Matches Wins Draws Losses GF GA Coach
2016 Champions 3 3 0 0 4 1 Jill Ellis
2017 4th Place 3 1 0 2 1 4
2018 Champions 3 2 1 0 3 1
2019 Runners-Up 3 1 2 0 5 4
Total 4/4 12 7 3 2 13 10

Player recordsEdit

As of July 7, 2019. Active players are shown in Bold.

The women's national team boasts the first six players in the history of the game to have earned 200 caps.[citation needed] These players have since been joined in the 200-cap club by several players from other national teams, as well as by five more Americans: Kate Markgraf, Abby Wambach, Heather O'Reilly, Carli Lloyd and Hope Solo. Kristine Lilly and Christie Rampone are the only players to earn more than 300 caps.

In March 2004, Mia Hamm and Michelle Akers were the only two women and the only two Americans named to the FIFA 100, a list of the 125 greatest living football players chosen by Pelé as part of FIFA's centenary observances.

The USWNT All-Time Best XI was chosen In December 2013 by the United States Soccer Federation:

  • Goalkeeper: Briana Scurry
  • Defenders: Brandi Chastain, Carla Overbeck, Christie Rampone, Joy Fawcett
  • Midfielders: Kristine Lilly, Michelle Akers, Julie Foudy
  • Forwards: Mia Hamm, Abby Wambach, Alex Morgan[86]


Most goals in a match
Player Date Opponent Location Competition Line-up
Brandi Chastain April 18, 1991[96]   Mexico[96] Port-au-Prince, Haiti World Cup Qualifying Tournament Substitute
Michelle Akers November 24, 1991[96]   Chinese Taipei[96] Foshan, China 1991 FIFA World Cup Starting
Tiffeny Milbrett November 2, 2002[96]   Panama[96] Seattle, United States 2002 CONCACAF Gold Cup Starting
Abby Wambach October 23, 2004[96]   Republic of Ireland[96] Houston, United States International Friendly Starting
Amy Rodriguez January 20, 2012[96]   Dominican Republic[96] Vancouver, Canada 2012 Olympic Qualifying Tournament Substitute (46')
Sydney Leroux January 22, 2012[96]   Guatemala[96] Vancouver, Canada 2012 Olympic Qualifying Tournament Substitute (46')
Crystal Dunn February 15, 2016[96]   Puerto Rico[96] Frisco, United States 2016 Olympic Qualifying Tournament Starting
Alex Morgan June 11, 2019[96]   Thailand[96] Reims, France 2019 FIFA World Cup Starting

The goal record is five for most scored in a match by a member of the USWNT, which has been accomplished by eight players.[citation needed]

Head coachesEdit

As of July 7, 2019
Name Years Matches Won Tied Lost Win % Pts÷M World Cup Olympics
  Mike Ryan 1985 4 0 1 3 .125 0.25
  Anson Dorrance 1986–1994 92 65 5 22 .734 2.17  
  Tony DiCicco 1994–1999 121 105 8 8 .901 2.66      
  Lauren Gregg 1997, 2000 3 2 1 0 .833 2.33
  April Heinrichs 2000–2004 124 87 20 17 .782 2.27      
  Greg Ryan 2005–2007 55 45 9 1 .900 2.62  
  Pia Sundhage 2007–2012 107 91 10 6 .897 2.64      
  Tom Sermanni 2013–2014 24 18 4 2 .833 2.42
   Jill Ellis 2012, 2014–present 127 102 18 7 .874 2.55     5th
Totals 657 515 76 66 .842 2.47

Source[97]

HonorsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit