Jillian Anne Ellis (born 6 September 1966) is an English-American football coach. She coaches the United States women's national soccer team and is the development director of the United States Soccer Federation, overseeing the national youth teams development program. In 2015 and 2019, the United States Women's National Soccer Team won the World Cup Championship under her leadership making her the second coach winning a world cup back to back. Ellis was appointed head coach on 16 May 2014. Prior to this appointment, she served as interim head coach following the removal of Tom Sermanni on 6 April 2014, having previously held the position upon Pia Sundhage's early departure in October 2012. She has also served as head coach for various college and United States national youth teams over the years.
Ellis at the Algarve Cup in March 2015
|Full name||Jillian Anne Ellis|
|Date of birth||6 September 1966|
|Place of birth||Portsmouth, England, U.K.|
|United States (head coach)|
|1984–1987||William & Mary|
|1988–1990||NC State (assistant)|
|2000, 2005||United States U21|
|2007, 2009–2010||United States U20|
|2008, 2011–2012||United States (assistant)|
|2010–present||USSF Development Director|
|2012, 2014||United States (interim)|
Early life and playing careerEdit
Ellis did not play organized soccer until her family moved to the United States in 1981, as there was no organized football for girls in the UK in the 1970s. She captained the Robinson Secondary School team in Fairfax, Virginia to the 1984 state championship and won the under-19 national title with the Braddock Road Bluebelles the same summer.
Coaching and administrative careerEdit
Ellis has a USSF Pro coaching license; with coaching experiences that includes multiple stints for the under-20 and under-21 national teams, and an impressive record as a UCLA Bruins coach. She is the Development Director of United States Soccer Federation. She served as assistant coach of the women's national team, head coach of a number of women youth teams, and was the interim coach of the senior women's national team in 2012, and for 2 matches in 2014. She was appointed the permanent head coach of United States women in May 2014.
Ellis served as an assistant coach for three universities: at Maryland for three years, 1994–96; at Virginia for one year, 1996–97; and at NC State for another three years, 1988–90. As an assistant coach at N.C. State, Ellis helped the NC State secure the 1988 Atlantic Coast Conference title and a NCAA Final Four appearance.
Ellis led UCLA to eight NCAA Final Fours, including seven in a row from 2003–2009, and won six straight Pacific-10 Conference titles from 2003–2008. She finished her time in Westwood with a record of 229 wins, 45 losses and 14 draws (229–45–14). She was the 2000 NSCAA National Coach of the Year after leading the Bruins to the NCAA Final in just her second season as head coach.
National youth teams managerEdit
Ellis was the head coach of the United States under-21 women's national soccer teams, coaching a team to win the Nordic Cup title at Germany 2000 and to Sweden's 2005 Nordic Cup. In another stint as youth team's head coach, she guided the U.S. under-20 women’s national team to the CONCACAF title in 2010 and to the FIFA U-20 Women's World Cup in Germany.
National Development DirectorEdit
Ellis was appointed by U.S. Soccer as Development Director for the U.S. women's national teams in January 2011. The appointment, along with April Heinrichs as Technical Director, marked the first time U.S. Soccer had appointed full-time positions to oversee the programs and development of national women's youth teams.
National team managerEdit
Ellis was a scout for the U.S. women's national team at the Sydney 2000 Olympics, and while coach of the UCLA Bruins Ellis also served as an assistant coach under Pia Sundhage for the gold medal-winning U.S. women’s national team at the Beijing 2008 Olympics.
2012 interim coachEdit
Following Sundhage's departure on 1 September 2012, for Sweden, Ellis (as women's national team program development director) served as the interim head coach until U.S. Soccer hired Tom Sermanni as the full-time head coach on 1 January 2013.
Ellis's first appearances as head coach of United States women's national soccer team was against Germany, on 20 October 2012, at Bridgeview, Illinois, and on 23 October at Hartford, Connecticut. The international friendly matches were part of a series organized to celebrate the winning of the gold medal at the 2012 Olympics. The first match finished at 1–1 and the second at 2–2.[m 1][m 2]
With a match against China on 15 December 2012, Ellis completed her first stint as interim head coach of U.S. women's national team with 5 wins, 2 draws, and no loss.[m 1][m 2][m 3][m 4][m 5][m 6][m 7]
2014 interim coachEdit
On 6 April 2014, U.S. Soccer announced the firing of Tom Sermanni and re-appointment of Ellis as interim head coach of the United States women's national soccer team. As interim head coach in 2014, Ellis had a 3–0 win against China and a 1–1 draw with Canada.[m 8][m 9]
2014 appointment as head coachEdit
On 16 May 2014, U.S. Soccer announced that Ellis had been appointed as the national team's head coach on a permanent basis. Ellis's job as head coach was to qualify for the 2015 Women's World Cup and win the championship. On 5 July 2015, she coached the United States to a 5–2 victory over Japan to win the World Cup.[m 10] Ellis was honored as 2015 FIFA World Coach of the Year for Women's Football on 11 January 2016.
In 2016, the U.S. women's national team recorded five shutout wins to secure the 2016 CONCACAF Women's Olympic Qualifying Championship. However, the team struggled during the 2016 Summer Olympics, drawing against Colombia in the group stage and eliminated to eventual silver medal winners Sweden — a team led by former national team coach Pia Sundhage — 4–3 on penalty kicks after drawing in regulation and extra time. The loss marked the first time that the U.S. women's national team did not advance to the gold medal game of the Olympics, as well as the first time that the team failed to advance to the semifinal round of a major tournament. The effort was further marred when U.S. goalkeeper Hope Solo called the Swedish team "cowards" for their defensive tactics. Ellis would later cite those comments as part of the reason why U.S. Soccer terminated Solo's contract and suspended her from the team.
The U.S. women's national team won four subsequent international friendly matches (9–0 against Thailand, 3–1 against the Netherlands, and 4–0 and 5–1 in two matches against Switzerland). The latter two friendlies featured the largest roster turnover of Ellis's tenure as she brought in 11 uncapped players, started or played 6 of them, and left several regular players out of camp.
Before the friendly against Thailand, Ellis warned U.S. women's national team midfielder Megan Rapinoe not to kneel during the pre-game performance of the United States national anthem. Rapinoe had done so before matches with her National Women's Soccer League team, Seattle Reign FC, prior to camp in support of other professional athletes' similar protests. Despite Ellis's warnings, she did not punish Rapinoe after the game.
On 7 July 2019 she led the United States Women's National Team to win its fourth World Cup and its second consecutive . In the final match against Netherlands in Lyon, France, the team won 2–0. The 2019 World Cup Champion Team beat the world record for most goals in a tournament with 26 goals. . She became not only the first manager to win two Women's World Cup titles in history, but also the first national team coach, men's or women's, to have won two consecutive FIFA World Cup titles since Vittorio Pozzo guided Italy's men's national football team to two consecutive titles in both 1934 and 1938.
Ellis grew up in Cowplain, a small village near Portsmouth on the southern coast of England. Naturally athletic, she ran track and field, and played field hockey and netball, but did not play organized football as it was considered "unladylike" in 1970s United Kingdom. She would, however, tag along with her brother Paul and play with the boys whenever they needed an extra player.
Her father John Ellis, a former Royal Marines commando, was a longtime football ambassador for the British government, assigned to help create football programs worldwide, including in Trinidad and Tobago and in Singapore. In 1981, the Ellis family moved to Northern Virginia, where he founded Soccer Academy in Manassas.
Ellis earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in English Literature and Composition at the College of William and Mary in 1988, and was awarded an honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree in 2016. She earned a master's degree in technical writing at North Carolina State University. Her mother Margaret "was horrified", on learning of her plan to give up her lucrative job as a technical writer at Northern Telecom to work as an assistant coach with subsistence pay, while John advised her to "do something substantial" instead.
Ellis lives in Palmetto Bay, Florida, a suburb of Miami, with her wife Betsy Stephenson, whom she married in 2013, and their adopted daughter Lily. Ellis, along with her parents and brother, are naturalized American citizens.
- Third-Team All-American in 1987 at College of William and Mary
Collegiate As assistant coach of NC State Wolfpack:
- 1988 Atlantic Coast Conference title
As head coach of UCLA Bruins:
United States Women As coach of youth teams:
- Nordic Cup title at Germany 2000 under-21 tournament
- 2010 under-20 CONCACAF title
As assistant coach of senior team:
- Beijing 2008 Olympic Gold medal
As head coach of senior team:
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