Soldier Field is a multi-purpose stadium on the Near South Side of Chicago, Illinois, United States. Opened in 1924, the stadium has served as the home of the Chicago Bears of the National Football League (NFL) since 1971,[a] as well as the Chicago Fire of Major League Soccer (MLS) since 2020; the latter of whom had previously played at the stadium from 1998 to 2005.[b] Soldier Field has a football capacity of 61,500, making it the smallest stadium in the NFL. Soldier Field is also the oldest stadium in both the NFL and MLS.
|Former names||Municipal Grant Park Stadium (1924–1925)|
|Address||1410 S Museum Campus Drive (or 34 Walter Payton Place)|
|Public transit|| Metra: 18th Street|
|Owner||Chicago Park District|
|Acreage||7 acres (2.8 ha)|
|Broke ground||August 11, 1922|
|Opened||October 9, 1924|
|Closed||January 19, 2002–September 26, 2003 (renovations)|
|Reopened||September 29, 2003 (renovations)|
|Construction cost||US$13 million (original; $206 million in 2015 dollars)|
US$632 million (renovations; $931 million in 2015 dollars)
|Architect||Holabird & Roche (original)|
Wood + Zapata, Inc.
Lohan Caprile Goettsch Architects (renovations)
|Project manager||Hoffman Associates (renovations)|
|Structural engineer||Thornton Tomasetti (renovations)|
|Services engineer||Ellerbe Becket (renovations)|
|General contractor||Turner/Barton Malow/Kenny (renovations)|
|Designated||February 27, 1987|
|Delisted||February 17, 2006|
The stadium's interior was rebuilt as part of a major renovation project in 2002, which modernized the facility but lowered its seating capacity, eventually causing it to be delisted as a National Historic Landmark in 2006. Soldier Field has served as the home venue for a number of other sports teams in its history, including the Chicago Cardinals of the NFL and University of Notre Dame football, as well as the 1994 FIFA World Cup, the 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup, and multiple CONCACAF Gold Cup championships. In 1968, it hosted the inaugural World Games of the Special Olympics, as well as its second World Games in 1970. Other historic events have included large rallies with speeches, including by Amelia Earhart, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Martin Luther King Jr.
On December 3, 1919, Chicago-based architectural firm Holabird & Roche was chosen to design the stadium, which broke ground on August 11, 1922. The stadium cost US$13 million to construct (US$182 million in 2015 dollars), a large sum for a sporting venue at that time (in comparison, the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum had cost less than US$1 million in 1923 dollars). On October 9, 1924, the 53rd anniversary of the Great Chicago Fire, the stadium was officially dedicated as Municipal Grant Park Stadium, although it had hosted a few events before then, including a field day for Chicago police officers on September 6, and the stadium's first football game, between Louisville Male High School and Austin Community Academy High School, on October 4. On November 22, the stadium hosted its first college football game, in which Notre Dame defeated Northwestern University 13-6.
On November 11, 1925, the stadium's name was changed to Soldier Field, in dedication to U.S. soldiers who had died in combat during World War I. Its formal rededication as Soldier Field was held during the 29th annual playing of the Army–Navy Game on November 27, 1926. Several months earlier, in June 1926, the stadium hosted several events during the 28th International Eucharistic Congress.
The stadium's design is in the Neoclassical style, with Doric columns rising above the East and West entrances. In its earliest configuration, Soldier Field was capable of seating 74,280 spectators, and was in the shape of a U. Additional seating could be added along the interior field, upper promenades, and on the large, open field and terrace beyond the north endzone, bringing the seating capacity to over 100,000.
Chicago Bears move inEdit
Before they moved into the stadium, the Chicago Bears had played select charity games at Soldier Field as early as 1926, when they played their former crosstown rivals, the Chicago Cardinals. The Cardinals also used the stadium as their home field for their final season in the city in 1959.
In 1971, the Bears moved into Soldier Field full-time, originally with a three-year commitment. The team previously played home games at Wrigley Field, the home stadium of the Chicago Cubs of Major League Baseball (MLB), but were forced to move to a larger venue due to post-AFL–NFL merger policies requiring that stadium capacities seat at least 50,000 spectators. The Bears had initially intended to build a stadium in Arlington Heights, but the property did not fit the league's specifications.
On September 19, 1971, the Bears played their first home game at Soldier Field, in which they defeated the Pittsburgh Steelers 17-15. In 1978, the Bears and the Chicago Park District agreed to a 20-year lease and renovation of the stadium; both parties pooled their resources for the renovation. The playing surface was AstroTurf from 1971 until 1987, and was replaced with natural grass in 1988. On February 27, 1987, Soldier Field was designated a National Historic Landmark.
In 1989, Soldier Field's future was in jeopardy after a proposal was created for a "McDome", which was intended to be a domed stadium for the Bears, but was rejected by the Illinois Legislature in 1990. Because of this, Bears president Michael McCaskey considered relocation as a possible factor for a new stadium. The Bears had also purchased options in Hoffman Estates, Elk Grove Village and Aurora. In 1995, McCaskey announced that he and Northwest Indiana developers agreed to construction of an entertainment complex called "Planet Park", which would also include a new stadium. However, the plan was rejected by the Lake County Council, and in 1998, then-Chicago mayor Richard M. Daley proposed that the Bears share Comiskey Park with the Chicago White Sox.
Beginning in 1978, the plank seating was replaced by individual seats with backs and armrests. In 1982, a new press box, as well as 60 skyboxes, were added to the stadium, boosting its capacity to 66,030. In 1988, 56 more skyboxes were added, increasing capacity to 66,946. Capacity was slightly increased to 66,950 in 1992. By 1994, however, capacity was slightly reduced to 66,944. During the renovation, seating capacity was reduced to 55,701 by building a grandstand in the open end of the U shape. This moved the field closer to both ends in order to move the fans closer to the field, at the expense of seating capacity. The front row 50-yard line seats were only 55 feet (17 m) away from the sidelines, the shortest distance of all NFL stadiums until MetLife Stadium opened in 2010 with a distance of 46 feet (14 m).
2002-03 renovation and landmark delistingEdit
In 2001, the Chicago Park District, which owns the structure, faced substantial criticism when it announced plans to alter the stadium with a design by Benjamin T. Wood and Carlos Zapata of Wood + Zapata in Boston. The stadium grounds were reconfigured by local architecture firm Lohan Associate, led by architect Dirk Lohan, grandson of Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. The stadium's interior would be demolished and reconstructed while the exterior would be preserved in an example of facadism. A similar endeavor of constructing a new stadium within the confines of an historic stadium's exterior was done with Leipzig's Red Bull Arena, which similarly built a modern stadium while preserving the exterior of the original Zentralstadion. Fans and radio hosts, such as WSCR's Mike North, criticized the small seating capacity of the new venue, and others have criticized the Park District's lack of care to the field surface after the first seasonal freeze and a refusal to consider a new-generation artificial surface, leaving the Bears to play on dead grass.
On January 19, 2002, the night of the Bears' playoff loss to the Philadelphia Eagles, demolition began as tailgate fires still burned in trash cans in the parking lots. The removal of 24,000 stadium seats in 36 hours by Archer Seating Clearinghouse, a speed record never exceeded since, was the first step in building the new Soldier Field. Nostalgic Bears fans recalling the team's glory seasons (especially 1985), as well as some retired players, picked up their seats in the South parking lot. The foremen on the job were Grant Wedding, who installed the seats himself in 1979, and Mark Wretschko, an executive for the factory who made the new seats. As Soldier Field underwent renovation, the Bears spent the 2002 NFL season playing their home games at Memorial Stadium at the University of Illinois. On September 29, 2003, the Bears played their first game at the renovated Soldier Field, in which they were defeated by the Green Bay Packers 23-38. The total funding for the renovation cost $632 million - taxpayers were responsible for $432 million while the Chicago Bears and the NFL contributed $200 million.
Several writers and columnists attacked the Soldier Field renovation project as an aesthetic, political and financial nightmare. The project received mixed reviews within the architecture community, with criticism from civic and preservation groups. Prominent architect and native Chicagoan Stanley Tigerman called it "a fiasco". Chicago Tribune architecture critic Blair Kamin dubbed it the "Eyesore on the Lake Shore", while others called it "Monstrosity on the Midway" or "Mistake by the Lake". The renovation was described by some as if "a spaceship landed on the stadium". Lohan responded:
"I would never say that Soldier Field is an architectural landmark. Nobody has copied it; nobody has learned from it. People like it for nostalgic reasons. They remember the games and parades and tractor pulls and veterans' affairs they've seen there over the years. I wouldn't do this if it were the Parthenon. But this isn't the Parthenon."
Proponents of the renovation argued it was direly needed because of aging and cramped facilities. The New York Times named the renovated Soldier Field one of the five best new buildings of 2003. Soldier Field was given an award in design excellence by the American Institute of Architects in 2004.
On September 23, 2004, as a result of the renovation, a 10-member federal advisory committee unanimously recommended that Soldier Field be delisted as a National Historic Landmark. The recommendation to delist was prepared by Carol Ahlgren, an architectural historian at the National Park Service's Midwest Regional Office in Omaha, Nebraska, who was quoted in Preservation Online stating, "if we had let this stand, I believe it would have lowered the standard of National Historic Landmarks throughout the country [...] If we want to keep the integrity of the program, let alone the landmarks, we really had no other recourse." The stadium lost the landmark designation on February 17, 2006.
On July 9, 2019, the Chicago Fire of Major League Soccer (MLS) announced an agreement with the Village of Bridgeview to release the team from their lease with SeatGeek Stadium, where they had played since 2006. As a result, the Fire returned to Soldier Field for the 2020 MLS season.
On June 17, 2021, the Chicago Bears submitted a bid for the Arlington Park Racetrack property, making a move from Soldier Field to a new venue more possible. On September 29, the Bears and Churchill Downs Incorporated announced that they had reached an agreement for the property.
The closest Chicago 'L' station to Soldier Field is the Roosevelt station on the Orange, Green and Red lines. The Chicago Transit Authority also operates the #128 Soldier Field Express bus route to the stadium from Ogilvie Transportation Center and Union Station. There are also two Metra stations close by: the Museum Campus/11th Street station on the Metra Electric Line, which also is used by South Shore Line trains, and 18th Street, which is only served by the Metra Electric Line. Pace also provides access from the Northwest, West and Southwest suburbs to the stadium with four express routes from Schaumburg, Lombard, Bolingbrook, Burr Ridge, Palos Heights and Oak Lawn.
This section may be too long to read and navigate comfortably. (January 2020)
- The stadium hosted its first football game on October 4, 1924, between Louisville Male High School and Chicago's Austin Community Academy High School; Louisville's team won 26–0.
- Over 100,000 spectators attended the 1926 Army–Navy Game. It would decide the national championship, as Navy entered undefeated and Army had lost only to Notre Dame. The game lived up to its hype, and even though it ended in a 21–21 tie, Navy was awarded the national championship.
- The all-time collegiate attendance record of 123,000+ was established November 26, 1927, as Notre Dame beat the USC Trojans 7–6. Subsequently, in 2016, 150,000+ attended a game between the Virginia Tech Hokies and Tennessee Volunteers at Bristol Speedway.
- Austin defeated Leo to win the 1937 Chicago Prep Bowl; another contender for the highest attendance ever (estimated at over 120,000 spectators). The Chicago Prep Bowl games are held at Soldier Field yearly on the day after Thanksgiving. The bowl game is older than the IHSA state championship tournament held since the 1960s.
- The stadium was host to 41 College All-Star Games, an exhibition between the previous year's NFL champion (or, in its final years, Super Bowl champion) and a team of collegiate all-star players prior to their reporting to their new professional teams training camps. This game was discontinued after the 1976 NFL Season. The final game in 1976 was halted in the third quarter when a torrential thunderstorm broke out and play was never resumed.
- The University of Notre Dame has hosted two games at Soldier Field, as part of their Shamrock Series. The first was in 2012, against the University of Miami, with another, against the University of Wisconsin-Madison, following in 2021.
- The 1985 NFC Championship Game took place at Soldier Field, where the Bears defeated the Los Angeles Rams 24–0.
- The 1988 NFC Championship Game took place here, where the Bears lost to eventual Super Bowl XXIII champions San Francisco 49ers 28–3.
- The 2006 NFC Championship Game granted the Bears their second trip to the Super Bowl (their first in 21 years), with a 39–14 victory over the New Orleans Saints.
- The 2010 NFC Championship Game matched the Bears against the Green Bay Packers, where the Bears were defeated by the eventual Super Bowl XLV champions 21–14.
- Other Bears playoff games at Soldier Field:
- 1985 NFC Divisional Playoff: Chicago Bears 21, New York Giants 0
- 1986 NFC Divisional Playoff: Washington Redskins 27, Chicago Bears 13
- 1987 NFC Divisional Playoff: Washington 21, Chicago 17
- 1988 NFC Divisional Playoff: Chicago Bears 20, Philadelphia Eagles 12 (this game is best remembered as the Fog Bowl, where a dense fog covered the stadium, reducing visibility to 15–20 yards.)
- 1990 NFC Wild Card: Chicago Bears 16, New Orleans Saints 6
- 1991 NFC Wild Card: Dallas Cowboys 17, Chicago Bears 13
- 2001 NFC Divisional Playoff: Philadelphia Eagles 33, Chicago Bears 19. This was also the last home game before the renovations took place in 2002.
- 2005 NFC Divisional Playoff: Carolina Panthers 29, Chicago Bears 21
- 2006 NFC Divisional Playoff: Chicago Bears 27, Seattle Seahawks 24 (OT)
- 2010 NFC Divisional Playoff: Chicago Bears 35, Seattle Seahawks 24
- 2018 NFC Wild Card: Philadelphia Eagles 16, Chicago Bears 15
Northern Illinois Huskies play select games at Soldier Field, all of which have featured them hosting a team from the Big Ten Conference. Northern Illinois University (NIU) is located in DeKalb, 65 miles (105 km) to the west on Interstate 88.
- On September 1, 2007, NIU faced the University of Iowa in the first Division I College Football game at Soldier Field since the 2002 renovations. The Hawkeyes defeated the Huskies 16–3.
- On September 17, 2011, the Huskies returned to play the Wisconsin Badgers in a game that was called "Soldier Field Showdown II". The eventual Big Ten champion Badgers topped NIU 49–7.
- On September 1, 2012, NIU hosted the Iowa Hawkeyes in a season opener that was called "Soldier Field Showdown III". The Hawkeyes narrowly defeated the Huskies 18–17.
Notre Dame Fighting Irish football used the stadium as home field for the 1929 season while Notre Dame Stadium was being constructed. The school has used Soldier Field for single games on occasion both prior to and since the 1929 season, and boasts an undefeated 10-0-2 record there. At Soldier Field, Notre Dame has played Northwestern four times, USC and Wisconsin twice, and Army, Drake, Great Lakes Naval Base, Navy, and Miami once each.
The Notre Dame Fighting Irish and Miami RedHawks played a doubleheader on February 17, 2013, with the Wisconsin Badgers and Minnesota Golden Gophers in the Hockey City Classic, the first outdoor hockey game in the history of the stadium. A Chicago Gay Hockey Association intra-squad game was held in affiliation with the Hockey City Classic.
On March 1, 2014, the Chicago Blackhawks played against the Pittsburgh Penguins as part of the NHL Stadium Series. The Blackhawks defeated the Penguins 5–1 before a sold-out crowd of 62,921. The team also held its 2015 Stanley Cup Championship celebration at the stadium instead of Grant Park, where other city championships have typically been held, due to recent rains.
On February 7, 2015, Soldier Field hosted another edition of the Hockey City Classic. The event had been delayed due to unusually warm weather (42 °F (6 °C)) and complications with the quality of the ice. The 2015 edition of the Hockey City Classic featured a match between Miami University and Western Michigan, followed by a match between the Big Ten's Michigan and Michigan State On February 5, the organizers of the Hockey City Classic organized the Unite on the Ice event benefiting St. Jude Children's Research Hospital. The event was centered upon a celebrity hockey game with former NHL and AHL players, as well as a public free skate at Soldier Field. Participants in the celebrity game included Éric Dazé, Jamal Mayers and Gino Cavallini. Denis Savard was in attendance, serving as an honorary coach during the game. On February 15, 2015, Soldier Field hosted another Chicago Gay Hockey Association intra-league match in association with the Hockey City Classic.
|Date||Away Team||Result||Home Team||Spectators|
|February 7, 2013||St. Rita High School||0–3||Fenwick High School||unknown|
|February 17, 2013||Miami (OH)||1–2||Notre Dame||52,051|
|March 1, 2014||Pittsburgh Penguins||1–5||Chicago Blackhawks||62,921|
|February 7, 2015||Miami (OH)||4–3||Western Michigan||22,751|
|Date||Time (CDT)||Team #1||Result||Team #2||Round||Spectators|
|June 17, 1994||2:00PM||Germany||1–0||Bolivia||Group C/Opening Match||63,117|
|June 21, 1994||3:00PM||Germany||1–1||Spain||Group C||63,113|
|June 26, 1994||11:30AM||Greece||0–4||Bulgaria||Group D||63,160|
|June 27, 1994||3:00PM||Bolivia||1–3||Spain||Group C||63,089|
|July 2, 1994||11:00AM||Germany||3–2||Belgium||Round of 16||60,246|
|Date||Time (CDT)||Team #1||Result||Team #2||Round||Spectators|
|June 24, 1999||17.00||Brazil||2–0||Italy||Group B||65,080|
|19.00||United States||7–1||Nigeria||Group A||65,080|
|June 26, 1999||16.00||Ghana||0–2||Sweden||Group D||34,256|
|Date||Team #1||Result||Team #2||Round||Spectators|
|21 June 2007||Canada||1–2||United States||Semifinals||50,760|
|June 24, 2007||United States||2–1||Mexico||Final||60,000|
|Date||Team #1||Result||Team #2||Round||Spectators|
|23 July 2009||Honduras||1–2||United States||Semifinals||55,173|
|Costa Rica||1–1 (3–5 pen)||Mexico|
|Date||Team #1||Result||Team #2||Round||Spectators|
|12 June 2011||El Salvador||6–1||Cuba||Group A||62,000|
|Date||Team #1||Result||Team #2||Round||Spectators|
|July 28, 2013||United States||1–0||Panama||Final||57,920|
|Date||Team #1||Result||Team #2||Round||Spectators|
|July 9, 2015||Trinidad and Tobago||3–1||Guatemala||Group C||54,126|
Copa América CentenarioEdit
|Date||Time (CDT)||Team #1||Result||Team #2||Round||Spectators|
|June 5, 2016||4:00PM||Jamaica||0–1||Venezuela||Group C||25,560|
|June 7, 2016||7:00PM||United States||4–0||Costa Rica||Group A||39,642|
|June 10, 2016||8:30PM||Argentina||5–0||Panama||Group D||53,885|
|June 22, 2016||7:00PM||Colombia||0–2||Chile||Semi-finals||55,423|
2019 CONCACAF Gold CupEdit
|Date||Time (CDT)||Team #1||Result||Team #2||Round||Spectators|
|July 7, 2019||8:15PM||Mexico||1–0||United States||Final||62,493|
- Over 15,000 spectators attended the first leg of the 1928 National Challenge Cup (now known as the Lamar Hunt U.S. Open Cup) between soccer teams Bricklayers and Masons F.C. of Chicago and New York Nationals of New York City. The match ended in a 1–1 tie, and New York won the second leg 3–0 in New York City.
- Numerous Men's and Women's National Team friendly matches.
- Liverpool vs Olympiacos in the 2014 International Champions Cup with Liverpool winning 1–0.
- Manchester United vs. Paris Saint-Germain in the 2015 International Champions Cup with PSG winning 2–0.
- Bayern Munich vs. Milan in the 2016 International Champions Cup with the game resulting in a 3–3 draw and Milan winning the penalty shootout 5–3.
- Site of the 2017 MLS All-Star Game, played on August 2, 2017, between Real Madrid and a group of all-stars representing Major League Soccer.
- Manchester City vs. Borussia Dortmund in the 2018 International Champions Cup with Borussia Dortmund winning 1–0.
- Venue for the 2019 CONCACAF Gold Cup Final, with Mexico defeating the United States 1–0.
The first Special Olympics games were held at Soldier Field on July 20, 1968. The games involved over 1,000 people with intellectual disabilities from 26 U.S. states and Canada competing in track and field and swimming. In 1970, the second international games occurred, when Special Olympics returned to Soldier Field.
On November 1, 2014, the stadium hosted its first international rugby union test match between the United States Eagles and New Zealand All Blacks as part of the 2014 end-of-year rugby union tests. Over half of the 61,500 tickets were sold within two days. The All Blacks beat the Eagles 74–6. The stadium hosted its second international rugby union match on September 5, 2015, with the United States hosting Australia as part of the 2015 Rugby World Cup warm-up matches shortly before both teams were due to travel to England for the 2015 Rugby World Cup. The Eagles were defeated 47–10. On November 5, 2016, Ireland beat New Zealand 40–29 at Soldier Field as part of the 2016 end-of-year rugby union internationals – the very first time Ireland had beaten the All Blacks in a test match in 111 years of play.
|November 1, 2014||New Zealand||74–6||United States||61,500|
|September 5, 2015||Australia||47–10||United States||23,212|
|November 5, 2016||Ireland||40–29||New Zealand||60,000|
|November 3, 2018||New Zealand Black Ferns (NZ Women's Rugby team||67–6||United States Women's team||30,051|
|Māori All Blacks||59–22||United States|
|Date||Artist||Opening act(s)||Tour / concert name||Attendance / Capacity||Revenue||Notes|
|August 21, 1937||Lily Pons
|—||8th Annual Chicagoland Music Festival||—||—|
|August 15, 1964||Johnny Cash
|—||Chicagoland Music Festival||—||—|
|August 9, 1966||Barbra Streisand||—||An Evening with Barbra Streisand Tour||—||—|
|July 18, 1970||—||WCFL's Big Ten Summer Music Festival||—||—|
|June 4, 1977||Emerson, Lake & Palmer||Foghat
The J. Geils Band
Climax Blues Band
|June 19, 1977||Pink Floyd||—||In the Flesh Tour||95,000||—|
|July 9, 1977||Lynyrd Skynyrd||Point Blank||77,197||—|
|July 10, 1977||Ted Nugent||Lynyrd Skynyrd
|Super Bowl of Rock #3||—||—|
|August 13, 1977||Peter Frampton||Bob Seger and the Silver Bullet Band
|July 8, 1978||The Rolling Stones||Journey
Southside Johnny & The Asbury Jukes
|The Rolling Stones US Tour 1978||—||—|
|August 26, 1978||Parliament-Funkadelic||The Bar-Kays
Con Funk Shun
A Taste of Honey
|July 19, 1980||Smokey Robinson||The O'Jays||—||—|
|August 10–18, 1983||—||ChicagoFest||—||—|
|August 9, 1985||Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band||—||Born in the U.S.A. Tour||71,222 / 71,222||$1,228,500|
|July 31, 1987||Madonna||Level 42||Who's That Girl World Tour||47,407 / 47,407||$1,066,658|
|July 29, 1990||Paul McCartney||—||The Paul McCartney World Tour||55,630 / 55,630||$1,807,975|
|June 22, 1991||Grateful Dead||—||—||—|
|June 25, 1992||Steve Miller Band|
|June 26, 1992|
|June 18, 1993||Sting|
|June 19, 1993|
|July 12, 1994||Pink Floyd||—||The Division Bell Tour||51,981 / 51,981||$2,056,105|
|July 23, 1994||Grateful Dead||Traffic||—||—|
|July 24, 1994|
|September 11, 1994||The Rolling Stones||Lenny Kravitz||Voodoo Lounge Tour||90,303 / 90,303||$4,194,320|
|September 12, 1994|
|July 8, 1995||Grateful Dead||The Band||—||—||The 1995 Grateful Dead concerts were the band's last, as guitarist and vocalist Jerry Garcia died a month later.|
|July 9, 1995|
|July 11, 1995||Pearl Jam||Bad Religion
|Vitalogy Tour||—||—||Played on the Grateful Dead's stage|
|September 14, 1996||Little Feat||Taj Mahal||—||—|
|June 27, 1997||U2||Fun Lovin' Criminals||PopMart Tour||116,912 / 127,500||$5,956,587|
|June 28, 1997|
|June 29, 1997|
|July 18, 1997||—||Vans Warped Tour||—||—|
|September 23, 1997||The Rolling Stones||Blues Traveler||Bridges to Babylon Tour||107,186 / 107,186||$6,260,000|
|September 25, 1997|
|May 10, 1998||George Strait||—||Country Music Festival Tour||—||—|
|April 25, 1999|
|May 13, 2000||Wilco||—||—||—|
|June 29, 2000||Dave Matthews Band||Ben Harper and the Innocent Criminals
|The Summer 2000 Tour||115,006 / 115,006||$5,175,270|
|June 30, 2000|
|June 16, 2001||NSYNC||BBMak
|PopOdyssey||85,650 / 103,903||$4,739,359|
|June 17, 2001|
|July 6, 2001||Dave Matthews Band||Buddy Guy
|The Summer 2001 Tour||103,675 / 103,675||$4,834,864|
|July 7, 2001|
|September 10, 2005||The Rolling Stones||Los Lonely Boys||A Bigger Bang||55,046 / 55,046||$7,231,427|
|July 21, 2006||Bon Jovi||Nickelback||Have a Nice Day Tour||52,612 / 52,612||$3,988,455|
|October 11, 2006||The Rolling Stones||Elvis Costello and the Imposters||A Bigger Bang||33,296 / 33,296||$4,020,721|
|June 21, 2008||Kenny Chesney||Keith Urban
|The Poets and Pirates Tour||46,463 / 48,585||$4,063,663|
|October 11–12, 2008||—||Chicago Country Music Festival||—||—|
|June 13, 2009||Kenny Chesney||Lady Antebellum
|Sun City Carnival Tour||48,763 / 50,109||$3,184,606|
|September 12, 2009||U2||Snow Patrol||U2 360° Tour||135,872 / 135,872||$13,860,480|
|September 13, 2009|
|June 12, 2010||—||The Bamboozle Roadshow 2010||—||—||Event held in Soldier Field parking lot|
|June 19, 2010||Eagles||Dixie Chicks
JD & the Straight Shot
|Long Road Out of Eden Tour||29,233 / 32,420||$3,186,493|
|July 7, 2010||deadmau5||Rye Rye
|July 30, 2010||Bon Jovi||Kid Rock||The Circle Tour||95,959 / 95,959||$8,606,259|
|July 31, 2010|
|July 5, 2011||U2||Interpol||U2 360° Tour||64,297 / 64,297||$5,786,335|
|August 23, 2011||Wayne Baker Brooks||Sugar Blue||—||—|
|July 7, 2012||Kenny Chesney
Grace Potter and the Nocturnals
|Brothers of the Sun Tour||51,100 / 51,100||$5,109,399|
|July 12, 2013||Bon Jovi||The J. Geils Band||Because We Can||45,178 / 45,178||$4,690,204|
|July 22, 2013||Jay-Z
|DJ Cassidy||Legends of the Summer||52,671 / 52,671||$5,715,152|
|August 10, 2013||Taylor Swift||Ed Sheeran
|The Red Tour||50,809 / 50,809||$4,149,148|
|July 24, 2014||Beyoncé
|—||On the Run Tour||50,035 / 50,035||$5,783,396|
|August 29, 2014||One Direction||5 Seconds of Summer||Where We Are Tour||104,617 / 104,617||$9,446,247||During the August 29 show, the band performed a cover of "Happy Birthday" by Mildred J. Hill dedicated to Liam, and "The Way You Make Me Feel" by Michael Jackson.|
|August 30, 2014|
|August 31, 2014||Luke Bryan||Dierks Bentley
|That's My Kind of Night Tour||50,529 / 50,529||$3,754,362|
|June 6, 2015||Kenny Chesney
|The Big Revival Tour||43,630 / 48,278||$3,776,207||Chesney was the main headliner, and Lambert joined as the co-headliner only for the Chicago show.|
|July 3, 2015||Fare Thee Well||—||Fare Thee Well: Celebrating 50 Years of the Grateful Dead||210,283 / 210,283||$30,683,274||50th anniversary concerts|
|July 4, 2015|
|July 5, 2015|
|July 18, 2015||Taylor Swift||Vance Joy
|The 1989 World Tour||110,109 / 110,109||$11,469,887||Andy Grammer and Serayah were special guests on the July 18 show|
|July 19, 2015||Sam Hunt, Andreja Pejić and Lily Donaldson were special guests on the July 19 show|
|August 23, 2015||One Direction||Icona Pop||On the Road Again Tour||41,527 / 41,527||$3,382,655|
|May 27, 2016||Beyoncé||Rae Sremmurd||The Formation World Tour||89,270 / 89,270||$11,279,890|
|May 28, 2016||DJ Scratch|
|July 1, 2016||Guns N' Roses||Alice in Chains||Not in This Lifetime... Tour||82,172 / 96,088||$8,843,684|
|July 3, 2016|
|July 23, 2016||Coldplay||Alessia Cara
|A Head Full of Dreams Tour||95,323 / 95,323||$10,215,572||The July 23 show was cut short due to inclement weather.|
|July 24, 2016|
|June 3, 2017||U2||The Lumineers||The Joshua Tree Tour 2017||105,078 / 105,078||$13,435,925|
|June 4, 2017|
|June 18, 2017||Metallica||Avenged Sevenfold
Mix Master Mike
|WorldWired Tour||51,041 / 51,041||$6,093,976|
|August 17, 2017||Coldplay||AlunaGeorge
|A Head Full of Dreams Tour||52,726 / 52,726||$6,026,402|
|June 1, 2018||Taylor Swift||Camila Cabello
|Taylor Swift's Reputation Stadium Tour||105,208 / 105,208||$14,576,697|
|June 2, 2018|
|July 28, 2018||Kenny Chesney||Thomas Rhett
|Trip Around The Sun Tour||52,189 / 52,189||$5,751,195|
|August 10, 2018||Beyoncé
|Chloe X Halle and DJ Khaled||On the Run II Tour||86,602 / 86,602||$12,303,099||During the second show, "Summer" was added to the setlist. "Apeshit" was also performed for the first time in its entirety with choreography and background dancers.|
|August 11, 2018|
|October 4, 2018||Ed Sheeran||Snow Patrol
|÷ Tour||47,263 / 47,263||$4,339,350|
|May 11, 2019||BTS||—||Love Yourself World Tour||88,156 / 88,156||$13,345,795|||
|May 12, 2019|
|June 21, 2019||The Rolling Stones||St. Paul and the Broken Bones||No Filter Tour||98,228 / 98,228||$21,741,564|
|June 25, 2019||Whiskey Myers|
|August 26, 2021||Kanye West||—||Kanye West Presents: The Donda Album Experience||Third listening event before the release of his album Donda.|
|June 25, 2022||Kenny Chesney||Florida Georgia Line||Here and Now Tour|
|July 24, 2022||The Weeknd||—||After Hours til Dawn Stadium Tour||TBA||TBA|||
|August 19, 2022||Red Hot Chili Peppers||The Strokes
|2022 Global Stadium Tour|||
August 15th 1965: John Coltrane Quintet // Downbeat Jazz Festival // Soldier's Field, Chicago // 15th August 1965 /// John Coltrane (tenor sax) Archie Shepp (tenor sax) McCoy Tyner (piano) Jimmy Garrison (bass) Elvin Jones (drums) ///
- June 21–23, 1926: the 28th International Eucharistic Congress held three days of outdoor day and evening events.
- September 22, 1927: The Long Count Fight, the second heavyweight championship bout between Jack Dempsey and Gene Tunney, was held at Soldier Field.
- June 24, 1932: a war show celebrating the bicentennial of George Washington's birth featured Amelia Earhart.
- May 27, 1933: Soldier Field held the opening ceremonies of the Century of Progress World's Fair. Postmaster General and DNC-Chairman James Farley facilitated the opening ceremony.
- October 28, 1944: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt made an appearance at Soldier Field, which was the only Midwestern speaking appearance he made in his last re-election campaign. This appearance was attended by over 150,000 (with at least as many people attempting to attend who were unable to gain admission).
- April 25, 1951: Douglas MacArthur, US General during World War II, addressed a crowd of 50,000 at Soldier Field in his first visit to the United States in 14 years.
- July 21, 1956: Glenn "Fireball" Roberts won the only NASCAR Grand National race held at the stadium's short track, which ran across the old configuration. Three Convertible Division races were held at the stadium.
- June 21, 1964: the Chicago Freedom Movement, led by Martin Luther King Jr., held a rally here. As many as 75,000 came to hear Reverend King, Reverend Theodore Hesburgh (president of the University of Notre Dame, Archbishop Arthur M. Brazier, and Minister Edgar Chandler, among others.
- July 10, 1966: the Chicago Freedom Movement held a second rally here. As many as 60,000 people came to hear Dr. King, as well as Mahalia Jackson, Stevie Wonder and Peter, Paul and Mary.
- The early-to-mid 1980s saw the US Hot Rod Association host Truck and Tractor Sled Pull Competitions and Monster Truck exhibitions here. The engines on some of the vehicles would echo through the skyscrapers in downtown Chicago as they made their pull. Damage to the stadium turf on a few of the event occasion's led USHRA to move events to the Rosemont Horizon (known today as Allstate Arena).
- 1974: The Chicago Fire of the World Football League (WFL) played here before folding in 1975.
- October 13, 1983: David D. Meilahn made the first-ever commercial cell phone call on a Motorola DynaTAC from his Mercedes-Benz 380SL at Soldier Field. This is considered a major turning point in communications. The call was to Bob Barnett, the former president of Ameritech Mobile Communications, who then placed a call on a DynaTAC from a Chrysler convertible to the grandson of Alexander Graham Bell, who was in Germany.
- The stadium was listed on the National Register of Historic Places beginning in 1984. Its National Historic Landmark status was removed in 2006.
- In the summer of 2006, the stadium hosted the opening ceremony of the Gay Games.
- In 2012, United States President Barack Obama held the 2012 Chicago summit, a summit of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), at McCormick Place and Soldier Field.
- When the field and nearby Shedd Aquarium had to close to visitors due to the COVID-19 pandemic, Soldier Field became the exercise grounds for the aquarium's penguins.
In popular cultureEdit
- In the Marvel Comics event Siege, Soldier Field is inadvertently destroyed mid-game by Thor's friend Volstagg when he is tricked into fighting the U-Foes through Loki and Norman Osborn's manipulations of events. The stadium is later seen being rebuilt by the heroes after Steve Rogers is appointed head of U.S. Security, following the aforementioned event.
- The 1977 documentary film Powers of Ten focuses on two people having a picnic on the east side of Soldier Field.
- The stadium appears in the 2006 Clint Eastwood–directed movie Flags of Our Fathers, when the survivors of the Iwo Jima flag-raising reenact it for a patriotic rally.
- The opening match of the 1994 World Cup at Soldier Field was one of the five events covered in the ESPN 30 for 30 documentary June 17, 1994.
- Soldier Field features (much changed) in August 4017a.d. in From The Highlands short story in David Weber's anthology collection Changer Of Worlds. It appears to have gone through multiple renovations, rebuilds and even having been built over, until nothing but the open space of the original remained.
- In the 13th episode of Chicago Fire's fourth season, Soldier Field is featured on one of their calls for a terrorist hoax. The stadium appears again in the 21st episode of the fifth season as one of their calls for a high angle rescue. This stadium is featured again in the eighth season as members of firehouse 51 respond to help victims of a deadly infection. It is also featured and referenced in the fifteenth episode of season 9 as the preferred location for a medal ceremony for firefighter Randy McHolland (Mouch).
- The Bears temporarily played at Memorial Stadium at the University of Illinois for the 2002 NFL season while Soldier Field was undergoing renovations.
- The Fire temporarily played at Cardinal Stadium (now Benedetti–Wehrli Stadium) in Naperville, Illinois, from 2002 to 2003, while Soldier Field was being renovated.
- "Soldier Field". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
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- Riess, Steven A. (2005). "Soldier Field". The Electronic Encyclopedia of Chicago. Chicago Historical Society. Retrieved May 21, 2010.
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- Hall, Andrew (January 18, 2015). "Report: Annual Blue-Gold Spring Game May Be Moved to Soldier Field". slapthesign.com. Retrieved January 18, 2015.
- Ford, Liam T. A. (2009). Soldier Field: A Stadium and Its City (1st ed.). Chicago: University Of Chicago Press. p. 91.
In 1929 a new stadium was under construction at Notre Dame, and the team played its entire home season at Soldier Field
- Ford, Liam T.A. Ford (2009). Soldier Field: A Stadium and Its City (1st ed.). Chicago: University Of Chicago Press. p. 236.
UIC started playing football at Soldier Field in 1966
- Ford, Liam T. A. Ford (2009). Soldier Field: A Stadium and Its City (1st ed.). Chicago: University Of Chicago Press. p. 236.
their last home game at Soldier Field, on November 3, 1973
- Rumore, Kori; Mather, Marianne (October 1, 2021). "Soldier Field: Timeline of events since 1924". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved January 27, 2022.
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- "Closing meeting at Chicago's Soldier Field". Sydney Morning Herald. Australia. (photo). November 25, 1962. p. 64.
- Rollow, Cooper (March 14, 1971). "Bears find home; it's Soldier Field". Chicago Tribune. p. 1, part 3.
- "Bears sign to play in Soldier Field". Milwaukee Journal. March 14, 1971. p. 21.
- "Proposal For Bears To Move To Arlington Heights Has Come Up Over And Over Again, Since Before They Moved To Soldier Field In 1971". WBBM-TV. September 29, 2021. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
- Lugardo, Sara (December 16, 2012). "History of Tailgating in Chicago". WBBM-TV. Retrieved December 16, 2012.
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- Chapman, Steve (September 16, 2003). "No cheers for Chicago's ugly, expensive new stadium". Baltimore Sun. Retrieved February 7, 2022.
- Barboza, David (June 16, 2003). "Chicago Journal; Soldier Field Renovation Brings Out Boo-Birds". The New York Times. Retrieved September 4, 2012.
- Sharoff, Robert (November 2002). "Field of Pain". Chicago Magazine.
- Kamin, Blair (April 5, 2001). "Soldier field plan: On further Review, the Play Stinks". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved February 14, 2012.
- Kamin, Blair (June 11, 2001). "The Monstrosity of the Midway; Mr. Mayor: Stop the Madness and Admit That the Lakefront Is No Place for the Bears". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved February 14, 2012.
- Kamin, Blair (July 11, 2001). "A tale of Hungry Bears and White Elephants". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved February 14, 2012.
- Barboza, Barboza (June 16, 2003). "Chicago Journal; Soldier Field Renovation Brings Out Boo-Birds". The New York Times.
- "Ranking the best and worst NFL stadiums". For The Win. October 16, 2015. Retrieved September 19, 2019.
- Chapman, Steve (September 14, 2003). "A stadium deal that is hard to bear". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved May 21, 2010.
- Muschamp, Herbert (December 23, 2003). "Architecture: The Highs; The Buildings (and Plans) of the Year". The New York Times. Retrieved May 21, 2010.
- Mayer, Larry. "Soldier Field wins prestigious award". Chicago Bears. Archived from the original on December 30, 2013. Retrieved October 7, 2012.
- "Soldier Field loses National Historic Landmark status". General Cultural Resources News. eCulturalResources. April 24, 2006. Retrieved May 21, 2010.
- Murray, Jeanne (October 20, 2006). "Leveling the Playing Field". Preservation Magazine. National Trust for Historic Preservation. Retrieved May 22, 2010.
- "Weekly List of Actions taken on properties: 4/17/06 through 4/21/06". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. April 28, 2006. Retrieved May 21, 2010.
- "Soldier Field earns top building honor". Chicago Bears. May 31, 2012. Archived from the original on June 25, 2012. Retrieved July 24, 2012.
- Mikula, Jeremy (July 9, 2019). "Chicago Fire reach deal with Bridgeview to leave SeatGeek Stadium for $65.5 million". chicagotribune.com. Retrieved April 6, 2020.
- Alyssa, Bariberi (June 17, 2021). "Bears submit bid to purchase Arlington International Racecourse for potential new stadium". bearswire. Retrieved June 18, 2021.
- Florio, Mike (September 29, 2021). "Bears announce purchase of property in Arlington Heights". ProFootballTalk. Retrieved September 29, 2021.
- "1926 Army-Navy Game". Library Archives. United States Naval Academy. November 26, 2001. Archived from the original on January 14, 2009. Retrieved May 21, 2010.
- "NFC Championship - Los Angeles Rams at Chicago Bears - January 12th, 1986". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Retrieved September 19, 2019.
- "NFC Championship - San Francisco 49ers at Chicago Bears - January 8th, 1989". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Retrieved September 19, 2019.
- Somogyi, Lou (October 5, 2012). "SOLDIER (FIELD) OF FORTUNE". Blue & Gold Illustrated. University of Notre Dame. Retrieved September 23, 2021.
- St. Rita to Play Fenwick at Soldier Field (October 23, 2012). "St. Rita to Play Fenwick at Soldier Field — St. Rita of Cascia High School". Stritahs.com. Retrieved April 6, 2020.
- Banks, Paul M. (July 11, 2012). "College Hockey Doubleheader coming to Soldier Field: Hockey City Classic!". ChicagoNow. Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on July 25, 2012.
- Forman, Ross (January 24, 2015). "CGHA to skate at Soldier Field after Hockey City Classic". Windycitymediagroup.com. Windy City Times. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
- "Toews Powers Blackhawks To Snowy 5-1 Win Over Penguins". CBS Chicago. March 1, 2014.
- Bradley, Ben (June 16, 2015). "Blackhawks rally tickets to be available Wednesday". Abc7chicago.com. Retrieved November 9, 2017.
- "Michigan to Play Michigan State Outdoors at Soldier Field in Chicago". Mgoblue.com. August 12, 2014. Retrieved August 18, 2014.
- "Michigan, MSU to play outdoor hockey at Soldier Field". Freep.com. August 11, 2014. Retrieved August 18, 2014.
- "Spartans Fall to Michigan at Soldier Field". Msuspartans.com. February 8, 2015. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
- "WMU Hockey Comes Up Short at Soldier Field". Westernherald.com. Western Herald. February 8, 2015. Retrieved February 9, 2015.
- "Michigan downs Michigan State, 4–1, in Hockey City Classic at Soldier Field". btn.com. Big Ten Network. February 8, 2015. Retrieved February 9, 2015.
- Sipple, George (February 8, 2015). "Sipple: Hockey City Classic in Chicago full of problems". Freep.com. Detroit Free Press. Retrieved February 9, 2015.
- "Saturday, February 7, 2015 Miami (MIA) vs Western Michigan (WMU)". Collegehockeystats.net. Retrieved November 3, 2015.
- "Michigan 4, Michigan State 1". Uscho.com. Retrieved November 3, 2015.
- Romano, Sara (February 4, 2015). "PUBLIC SKATING, CHARITY GAME AT SOLDIER FIELD THURSDAY". news.medill.northwestern.edu. Northwestern University. Archived from the original on March 4, 2015. Retrieved July 5, 2015.
- Liverpool Hold Off Olympiacos at Soldier Field Archived July 29, 2014, at the Wayback Machine ICC.com July 28, 2014 Retrieved July 28, 2014
- "The Beginning of a Worldwide Movement". Special Olympics. Retrieved July 18, 2018.
- "A Joyful New Movement Gains Momentum". Special Olympics. Retrieved July 18, 2018.
- "All Blacks: Chicago likely test venue". nzherald.co.nz. NZ Herald News. April 5, 2014. Retrieved August 1, 2014.
- Wise, Chad (June 18, 2014). "More than 30,000 tickets sold for All Blacks matchup at Soldier Field". USA Rugby. Archived from the original on June 24, 2014.
- Wise, Chad (November 1, 2014). "All Blacks Showcase World-Class Rugby at Soldier Field". USA Rugby. Archived from the original on January 18, 2016. Retrieved February 7, 2016.
- "2015 Rugby World Cup Pool Matches". Australian Rugby Union. Archived from the original on October 12, 2015. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
- Petrie, Richard (November 5, 2016). "Autumn internationals: Ireland 40-29 New Zealand". BBC.
- Scott, John W.; Dolgushkin, Mike; Nixon, Stu. (1999). DeadBase XI: The Complete Guide to Grateful Dead Song Lists. Cornish, New Hampshire: DeadBase. ISBN 1-877657-22-0.
- Waddell, Ray (July 4, 2015). "Grateful Dead Fare Thee Well Sets Attendance Record at Chicago's Soldier Field", Billboard. Retrieved February 20, 2016.
- Legaspi, Althea (July 24, 2016). "Rain can't dampen Coldplay party at Soldier Field". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved July 24, 2016.
- "HOT TICKETS: JUNE 6, 2019". Venues Now. June 6, 2019. Retrieved June 6, 2019.
- "Tour". The Weeknd's Official Website. Retrieved February 21, 2020.
- "2022 GLOBAL STADIUM TOUR UPCOMING DATES". redhotchilipeppers.com. Retrieved October 19, 2021.
- "Planes Thrill Crowd at Military Show". Chicago Daily Tribune. June 25, 1932.
- "1,500 Soldiers Will Move into Loop Wednesday". Chicago Daily Tribune. June 13, 1932.
- Laughlin, Kathleen (June 25, 1932). "Amelia Flies to City; Given Noisy Ovation". Chicago Daily Tribune.
- "Chicago Fair Opened by Farley; Rays of Arcturus Start Lights". New York Times. May 28, 1933.
- O'Donnell Bennett, James (May 28, 1933). "Exposition Starts with Pageant in Soldiers' Field". Chicago Daily Tribune.
- Gentry, Guy (October 28, 1944). "700,000 Tickets Out for F.D.R. Rally Tonight". Chicago Daily Tribune.
- "Record Crowd Hears President Give Peace Program". Chicago Defender. November 4, 1944.
- "Roosevelt, Franklin Delano, "Campaign Address at Soldier Field, Chicago" October 28, 1944". Associated Press.
- Edwards, Willard (October 29, 1944). "F.D.R. Promises New Deal No. 2; Dewey Hits at War 'Credit' Claim". Chicago Daily Tribune.
- Franklin D. Roosevelt, "Campaign Address at Soldier Field", October 28, 1944
- "Postwar Goal: 60 Million Jobs". Los Angeles Times. October 29, 1944.
- "Record Crowd In Chicago". Chicago Defender. November 4, 1944.
- Kennedy, David M. (1999). Freedom from Fear: The American People in Depression and War, 1929–1945. New York City: Oxford University Press. pp. 767–769, 774–775. ISBN 978-0-19-503834-7.
- Hembree, Mike (September 14, 2021). "Believe it or Not, Soldier Field in Chicago Once Hosted a NASCAR Cup Race". Autoweek. Retrieved December 27, 2021.
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- Siege #1
- Avengers (vol. 4) #1
- "Powers of Ten". Film and description. Organisation Européenne pour la Recherche Nucléaire (CERN). June 14, 2011. Retrieved August 11, 2011.
The zoom-out continues, to a view of 100 meters (10^2 m), then 1 kilometer (10^3 m), and so on, increasing the perspective. The picnic is revealed to be taking place near Soldier Field on Chicago's waterfront, and continuing to zoom out to a field of view of 10^24 meters, or the size of the observable universe.
- Turan, Kenneth (October 20, 2006). "Movie Review: Flags of Our Fathers". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on January 7, 2009. Retrieved May 21, 2010.
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