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Māori All Blacks

The Māori All Blacks, previously called the New Zealand Māori, are a rugby union team from New Zealand. A representative team of the New Zealand Rugby Union, a prerequisite for playing in the team is that the player has Māori whakapapa (genealogy). In the past this rule was not strictly applied; non–Māori players who looked Māori were often selected in the team. These included a few Pacific island players and a couple of African descent. Today all players have their ancestry verified before selection in the team.

Māori All Blacks
Maori allblacks logo.png
UnionNZRU
Emblem(s)Silver fern
Coach(es)Clayton McMillan
Captain(s)Ash Dixon
Team kit
First match
New Zealand Hawke's Bay 0–5 New Zealand Natives Māori people
(23 June 1888)
Largest win
British Columbia British Columbia 3–111 New Zealand Māori Māori people
(9 June 2004)
Largest defeat
 New Zealand Māori 0–37 South Africa 
(25 August 1956)
Official website
allblacks.com/Teams/Maori

The team's first match was in 1888 against Hawke's Bay. This was followed by a tour of Europe in 1888 and 1889 where the team played their first games against national teams, beating Ireland in Dublin before losing to Wales and England. Their early uniforms consisted of a black jersey with a silver fern and white knickerbockers. The New Zealand Māori perform a haka—a Māori challenge or posture dance—before each match. The haka was later adopted by the New Zealand national team, the All Blacks, as were their black shirts. In 2001, the Māori first performed the "Timatanga" haka, which describes the evolution of life and the creation of New Zealand from the four winds.

Since being given official status in 1910, the New Zealand Maori have selected some of rugby union's great players, including fullback George Nepia who played 46 games for New Zealand from 1924–30, halfback Sid Going who played 86 matches for his country and former New Zealand captain Tane Norton, who represented New Zealand in 61 games, including 27 tests, and later became president of the New Zealand Rugby Union.

HistoryEdit

BeginningEdit

 
The New Zealand Natives' football team prior to playing Queensland in July 1889

The 1888–1889 New Zealand Native football team organised by Joseph Warbrick was the first overseas team to tour the Home Nations, where the team became the first New Zealand side to perform a haka during its match v Surrey,[1] and also the first to wear an all black uniform. It was however a wholly private endeavour.

The first New Zealand Māori team given official status was selected in 1910. That year the team toured New Zealand and Australia, playing a range of combined New Zealand provinces and Australian state teams.[1] An American Universities squad was touring Australia at the same time and two fixtures were against the New Zealand Māoris. Both were played at Sydney and were won by the New Zealanders 14-11 and 21-3 respectively. In their 19 total matches played they won 12, drew 3 and lost 4 games.

 
The team that toured to Europe in 1926–27

The New Zealand Māoris had not played a match outside of New Zealand or Australia until 1926, when they undertook a European tour of France, England and Wales. They also played two games in New Zealand before they left, two more in Australia on the way, and also stopped in Sri Lanka for one game before travelling to France to start the European fixtures. On the return to New Zealand they stopped in Victoria, Australia for a final game in which they won 41-3. In all there were 40 games played. The New Zealand Māoris won 30 of those, drew 2 and lost 8. Full-back George Nepia remains as the most notable player of that period.[1]

The team was renamed the Maori All Blacks in 2012, having been previously called the New Zealand Maori and New Zealand Maoris.

The team is a selection of the best of New Zealand's Māori rugby players and boasts a proud history of defeating national sides. In matches in New Zealand in 2010 to mark one hundred years of Māori All Blacks rugby, the team defeated Ireland and England, having beaten the British and Irish Lions in 2005. Many members have gone on to play for the All Blacks.

Māori All Blacks and apartheidEdit

New Zealand has a long history of sporting contact with South Africa, especially through rugby union. Until the 1970s this resulted in discrimination against Māori players, since the apartheid political system in South Africa for most of the twentieth century did not allow people of different races to play sport together, and therefore South African officials requested that Māori players not be included in sides which toured their country. Despite some of New Zealand's best players being Māori, this was agreed to, and Māori were excluded from tours of South Africa, including the Māori All Blacks.

Nonetheless in the early period, South Africa did play the Māori All Blacks. In April 2010 it was revealed by Muru Walters that in 1956 Ernest Corbett, Minister of Māori Affairs, had told the team to deliberately lose to the Springboks "for the future of rugby". The Māori team lost 37-0. This was followed by Walters calling for the New Zealand government to apologise for the way it treated Māori rugby players.[2]

Professional eraEdit

 
British & Irish Lions playing the New Zealand Māori in 2005

The professional era in Māori rugby union began in 1994, marked the team lost only four of its 26 games played between 1994 and 2004, including beating England, Argentina, Scotland and Fiji. The Māori continued their winning form in 2004 beating the England Saxons in extra time in the final of the Churchill Cup in Canada.

One of their two annual tournaments is a competition involving the Pacific top national teams, the Pacific Nations Cup. From 2008 they replaced the Junior All Blacks, where they were undefeated champions, narrowly beating Australia A in the final game of the tournament. The Churchill Cup was another, winning in 2004 and in 2006, defeating Ireland A and the USA in pool play in Santa Clara, California and Scotland A in the final in Edmonton, Alberta.

In 2005 the Māori beat the British and Irish Lions for the first time in an official match. Their preparations for this match forced them to withdraw from the 2005 Churchill Cup. In August 2012, NZRU announced the Māori All Blacks would play three matches in the United Kingdom, including an international fixture against Canada. Jamie Joseph was coach with assistance from Daryl Gibson.[3]

HakaEdit

 
Performing the haka prior to their match against the United States in 2013

One of the New Zealand Natives' legacies was the haka, a traditional Māori posture dance with vigorous movements and stamping of the feet, to the accompaniment of rhythmically shouted words; this was first performed during a match on 3 October 1888 against Surrey in England, United Kingdom. The haka was later adopted by the New Zealand national team, the All Blacks.

In 2001, the Māori first performed the "Timatanga" haka, which describes the evolution of life and the creation of New Zealand from the four winds. This was written especially for the New Zealand Maori team by team kaumātua (elder) Whetu Tipiwai. It tells the Maori story of the creation from the void, the nothingness, the darkness to what we have today. It also tells of a gathering of young warriors, young chiefs, young rugby players who are making a statement and setting aims, objectives and strategies to achieve matauranga (knowledge), whanaunatanga (unity) and taumatatanga (excellence).

Matches against international sidesEdit

New Zealand Māori matches against international sides, including the New Zealand Natives 1888 and 1889 tour. These results are only against full international sides, including the British and Irish Lions, but not against second national teams.[4]

Opposing Teams For Against Result Date Venue City Competition
  Ireland 13 4 Won 1888-12-01 Lansdowne Road Dublin New Zealand Natives tour to British Isles
  Wales 0 5 Lost 1888-12-22 St. Helen's Swansea New Zealand Natives tour to British Isles
  England 0 7 Lost 1889-02-16 Rectory Field Blackheath New Zealand Natives tour to British Isles
  Australia 12 6 Won 1913-09-27 Alexandra Park Auckland Australia Tour Match
  South Africa 8 9 Lost 1921-09-07 McLean Park Napier South Africa Tour Match
  Australia 25 22 Won 1922-06-24 Royal Agricultural Showground Sydney Tour Match
  Australia 13 28 Lost 1922-06-26 Royal Agricultural Showground Sydney Tour Match
  Australia 23 22 Won 1922-07-08 Royal Agricultural Showground Sydney Tour Match
  New Zealand 14 21 Lost 1922-08-19 Athletic Park Wellington Friendly
  Australia 23 27 Lost 1923-06-16 Royal Agricultural Showground Sydney Tour Match
  Australia 16 21 Lost 1923-06-23 Royal Agricultural Showground Sydney Tour Match
  Australia 12 14 Lost 1923-06-25 Royal Agricultural Showground Sydney Tour Match
  France 12 3 Won 1926-12-26 Stade Olympique Yves-du-Manoir Paris Tour Match
  New Zealand 18 37 Lost 1929-10-02 Athletic Park Wellington Friendly
  British Lions 13 19 Lost 1930-07-09 Athletic Park Wellington British Lions tour to New Zealand and Australia
  Australia 3 14 Lost 1931-09-09 FMG Stadium Palmerston North Australia Tour Match
  Australia 6 31 Lost 1936-09-23 FMG Stadium Palmerston North Australia Tour Match
  Fiji 3 3 Draw 1938-08-20 Albert Park Suva Tour Match
  Fiji 5 11 Lost 1938-08-24 Albert Park Suva Tour Match
  Fiji 6 3 Won 1938-08-27 Albert Park Suva Tour Match
  Fiji 4 14 Lost 1939-09-16 Rugby Park Hamilton Fiji Tour Match
  Australia 20 0 Won 1946-09-25 Rugby Park Hamilton Australia Tour Match
  Fiji 22 6 Won 1948-07-31 Albert Park Suva Tour Match
  Fiji 8 9 Lost 1948-08-04 Albert Park Suva Tour Match
  Fiji 14 6 Won 1948-08-07 Albert Park Suva Tour Match
  Australia 12 3 Won 1949-06-04 Sydney Cricket Ground Sydney Tour Match
  Australia 8 8 Draw 1949-06-11 Brisbane Exhibition Ground Brisbane Tour Match
  Australia 3 18 Lost 1949-06-25 Sydney Cricket Ground Sydney Tour Match
British and Irish Lions 9 14 Lost 1950-08-02 Athletic Park Wellington Lions Tour Match
  Fiji 14 21 Lost 1951-09-05 Athletic Park Wellington Tour Match
  New Zealand 22 28 Lost 1952-07-26 Athletic Park Wellington Friendly
  Fiji 12 19 Lost 1954-08-14 Churchill Park Lautoka Tour Match
  Fiji 16 8 Won 1954-08-21 Buckhurst Park Suva Tour Match
  Fiji 9 6 Won 1954-08-24 Buckhurst Park Suva Tour Match
  South Africa 0 37 Lost 1956-08-25 Eden Park Auckland South Africa Tour Match
  Fiji 13 36 Lost 1957-08-10 Athletic Park Wellington Fiji Tour Match
  Fiji 8 17 Lost 1957-08-24 Carisbrook Dunedin Fiji Tour Match
  Australia 14 15 Lost 1958-06-14 Brisbane Exhibition Ground Brisbane Tour Match
  Australia 3 3 Draw 1958-06-28 Sydney Cricket Ground Sydney Tour Match
  Australia 13 6 Won 1958-07-05 Olympic Park Stadium Melbourne Tour Match
  New Zealand 26 8 Lost 1958-07-09 Eden Park Auckland Friendly
British and Irish Lions 6 12 Lost 1959-09-05 Eden Park Auckland Lions Tour Match
  Tonga 16 27 Lost 1960-05-21 Teufaiva Sport Stadium Nuku'alofa Tour Match
  Samoa 28 6 Won 1960-06-04 Apia Park Apia Tour Match
  Samoa 31 5 Won 1960-06-11 Apia Park Apia Tour Match
  France 5 3 Won 1961-07-29 McLean Park Napier France Tour Match
  Fiji 26 9 Won 1964-07-25 Buckhurst Park Suva Tour Match
  South Africa 3 9 Lost 1965-08-28 Athletic Park Wellington South Africa Tour Match
British and Irish Lions 14 16 Lost 1966-08-13 Eden Park Auckland Lions Tour Match
  Tonga 19 26 Lost 1969-08-16 Lancaster Park Christchurch Tonga Tour Match
  Tonga 6 19 Lost 1969-09-06 Eden Park Auckland Tonga Tour Match
  Fiji 11 6 Won 1970-07-25 Lancaster Park Christchurch Fiji Tour Match
  Fiji 9 9 Draw 1970-08-08 Eden Park Auckland Fiji Tour Match
British and Irish Lions 12 23 Lost 1971-06-02 Eden Park Auckland Lions Tour Match
  Samoa 11 6 Won 1973-05-10 Apia Park Apia Tour Match
  Samoa 12 0 Won 1973-05-12 Apia Park Apia Tour Match
  Tonga 3 11 Lost 1973-05-22 Teufaiva Sport Stadium Nuku'alofa Tour Match
  Fiji 6 4 Won 1973-06-02 Buckhurst Park Suva Tour Match
  Fiji 9 3 Won 1973-06-09 Churchill Park Lautoka Tour Match
  New Zealand 8 18 Lost 1973-08-08 Rotorua International Stadium Rotorua Friendly
  Fiji 24 9 Won 1974-08-17 Eden Park Auckland Fiji Tour Match
  Fiji 39 25 Won 1974-08-31 Athletic Park Wellington Fiji Tour Match
  Tonga 23 16 Won 1975-07-19 Rugby Park New Plymouth Tonga Tour Match
  Tonga 37 7 Won 1975-08-02 Eden Park Auckland Tonga Tour Match
  Samoa 19 6 Won 1976-07-17 Rotorua International Stadium Rotorua Samoa Tour Match
  Samoa 24 8 Won 1976-07-24 Eden Park Auckland Samoa Tour Match
British and Irish Lions 19 22 Lost 1977-07-13 Eden Park Auckland Lions Tour Match
  Fiji 19 13 Won 1979-05-19 Buckhurst Park Suva Tour Match
  Samoa 26 3 Won 1979-05-22 Apia Park Apia Tour Match
  Tonga 26 9 Won 1979-05-25 Teufaiva Sport Stadium Nuku'alofa Tour Match
  Fiji 22 9 Won 1980-08-30 Rotorua International Stadium Rotorua Fiji Tour Match
  South Africa 12 12 Draw 1981-08-25 McLean Park Napier South Africa Tour Match
  Wales 19 25 Lost 1982-11-13 National Stadium Cardiff Tour Match
  Spain 66 3 Won 1982-11-20 Campo Central de la Ciudad Universitaria Madrid Tour Match
  Tonga 28 4 Won 1983-06-06 Rotorua International Stadium Rotorua Tonga Tour Match
  Tonga 52 4 Won 1983-06-13 Eden Park Auckland Tonga Tour Match
  Spain 22 12 Won 1988-11-05 Instalaciones Deportivas La Cartuja Seville Tour Match
  Cook Islands 29 17 Won 1992-10-10 National Stadium Raratonga Tour Match
  Tonga 33 10 Won 1992-10-24 Teufaiva Sport Stadium Nuku'alofa Tour Match
  Fiji 35 34 Won 1992-10-31 National Stadium Suva Tour Match
British and Irish Lions 20 24 Lost 1993-05-29 Athletic Park Wellington Lions Tour Match
  Fiji 34 13 Won 1994-06-04 Lancaster Park Christchurch Fiji Tour Match
  Samoa 28 15 Won 1996-06-14 Ericsson Stadium Auckland Samoa Tour Match
  Fiji 25 10 Won 1996-11-01 National Stadium Suva Tour Match
  Tonga 29 20 Won 1996-11-08 Teufaiva Sport Stadium Nuku'alofa Tour Match
  Argentina 39 17 Won 1997-06-14 McLean Park Napier Argentina Tour Match
  Samoa 34 20 Won 1997-08-21 Apia Park Apia Tour Match
  Tonga 66 7 Won 1998-06-19 Lowe Walker Stadium Whangarei Tonga Tour Match
  England 62 14 Won 1998-06-23 Rotorua International Stadium Rotorua England Tour Match
  Scotland 24 8 Won 1998-11-14 Murrayfield Stadium Edinburgh Tour Match
  Fiji 57 20 Won 1999-08-03 National Stadium Suva Tour Match
  Scotland 18 15 Won 2000-06-17 Yarrow Stadium New Plymouth Scotland Tour Match
  Australia 29 41 Lost 2001-06-09 Sydney Football Stadium Sydney Tour Match
  Argentina 43 24 Won 2001-06-26 Rotorua International Stadium Rotorua Argentina Tour Match
  Australia 23 27 Lost 2002-06-15 Subiaco Oval Perth Tour Match
  Tonga 47 12 Won 2003-06-02 North Harbour Stadium Albany Tonga Tour Match
  England 9 23 Lost 2003-06-09 Yarrow Stadium New Plymouth England Tour Match
  Canada 65 27 Won 2003-07-26 Kingsland Calgary Tour Match
  Canada 30 9 Won 2003-08-02 York Stadium Toronto Tour Match
  United States 69 31 Won 2004-06-12 Calgary Rugby Park Calgary Churchill Cup
  Fiji 29 27 Won 2005-06-03 Albert Park Suva Tour Match
British and Irish Lions 19 13 Won 2005-06-11 Waikato Stadium Hamilton Lions Tour Match
  United States 74 6 Won 2006-06-08 Buck Shaw Stadium Santa Clara Churchill Cup
  Canada 59 23 Won 2007-05-26 Franklin's Gardens Northampton Churchill Cup
  Tonga 20 9 Won 2008-06-07 North Harbour Stadium Albany Pacific Nations Cup
  Fiji 11 7 Won 2008-06-14 Churchill Park Lautoka Pacific Nations Cup
  Samoa 17 6 Won 2008-06-21 Waikato Stadium Hamilton Pacific Nations Cup
  Japan 65 22 Won 2008-06-28 McLean Park Napier Pacific Nations Cup
  Ireland 31 28 Won 2010-06-18 Rotorua International Stadium Rotorua Centenary Series Match
  England 35 28 Won 2010-06-23 McLean Park Napier Centenary Series Match
  Canada 32 19 Won 2012-11-23 Oxford University Oxford Tour Match
  Canada 40 15 Won 2013-11-03 BMO Field Toronto Tour Match
  United States 29 19 Won 2013-11-09 PPL Park Philadelphia Tour Match
  Japan 61 21 Won 2014-11-01 Noevir Stadium Kobe Tour Match
  Japan 20 18 Won 2014-11-08 Chichibunomiya Rugby Stadium Tokyo Tour Match
  Fiji 27 26 Won 2015-07-11 ANZ National Stadium Suva Fiji Tour Match
  United States 54 7 Won 2016-11-04 Toyota Park Chicago Māori All Blacks tour to Northern Hemisphere
  British and Irish Lions 10 32 Lost 2017-06-17 Rotorua International Stadium Rotorua British and Irish Lions tour to New Zealand
  Canada 51 9 Won 2017-11-03 BC Place Vancouver Māori All Blacks tour to Northern Hemisphere
  United States 59 22 Won 2018-11-03 Soldier Field Chicago Māori All Blacks tour to America and South America
  Brazil 35 3 Won 2018-11-10 Estádio do Morumbi São Paulo Māori All Blacks tour to America and South America
  Chile 73 0 Won 2018-11-17 Estadio San Carlos de Apoquindo Las Condes Māori All Blacks tour to America and South America
  Fiji 10 27 Lost 2019-07-13 ANZ National Stadium Suva Māori All Blacks and Fiji two-match series
  Fiji 26 17 Won 2019-07-20 Rotorua International Stadium Rotorua Māori All Blacks and Fiji two-match series

OverallEdit

Against Played Won Lost Drawn Win %
  Argentina 2 2 0 0 100.00%
  Australia 18 6 10 2 33.33%
  Brazil 1 1 0 0 100.00%
  British and Irish Lions 9 1 8 0 11.11%
  Canada 6 6 0 0 100.00%
  Chile 1 1 0 0 100.00%
  Cook Islands 1 1 0 0 100.00%
  England 4 2 2 0 50.00%
  Fiji 30 20 8 2 66.66%
  France 2 2 0 0 100.00%
  Ireland 2 2 0 0 100.00%
  Japan 3 3 0 0 100.00%
  New Zealand 5 0 5 0 00.00%
  Samoa 10 10 0 0 100.00%
  Scotland 2 2 0 0 100.00%
  South Africa 4 0 3 1 00.00%
  Spain 2 2 0 0 100.00%
  Tonga 14 10 4 0 71.43%
  United States 5 5 0 0 100.00%
  Wales 2 0 2 0 00.00%
Total 123 76 42 5 61.78%

PlayersEdit

Current squadEdit

On 3 July 2019, Clayton McMillan named a 26-man squad for a two-match series against Fiji in July.[5]

On 10 July 2019, it was confirmed three new players joined the squad. Billy Harmon, Haereiti Hetet, and Pouri Rakete-Stones replaced Elliot Dixon who withdrew from the squad and Ben May who was ruled out with injury.[6]

Note: Caps correct as of 10 July 2019

Player Position Date of birth (age) Caps Franchise / province
Ash Dixon Hooker (1988-09-01) 1 September 1988 (age 31) 14 Hawke's Bay
Nathan Harris Hooker (1992-03-08) 8 March 1992 (age 27) 0 Bay of Plenty
Haereiti Hetet Prop 0 Waikato
Tyrel Lomax Prop (1996-03-06) 6 March 1996 (age 23) 4 Tasman
Ben May Prop (1982-10-13) 13 October 1982 (age 37) 15 Hawke's Bay
Pouri Rakete-Stones Prop (1997-06-17) 17 June 1997 (age 22) 0 Hawke's Bay
Marcel Renata Prop (1994-02-24) 24 February 1994 (age 25) 10 Auckland
Ross Wright Prop (1986-08-25) 25 August 1986 (age 33) 4 Northland
Tom Franklin Lock (1990-08-13) 13 August 1990 (age 29) 7 Otago
Pari Pari Parkinson Lock (1996-09-12) 12 September 1996 (age 23) 3 Tasman
Isaia Walker-Leawere Lock (1997-04-16) 16 April 1997 (age 22) 3 Hawke's Bay
Elliot Dixon Flanker (1989-09-04) 4 September 1989 (age 30) 9 Southland
Billy Harmon Flanker (1994-12-23) 23 December 1994 (age 24) 3 Canterbury
Mitchell Karpik Flanker (1995-06-02) 2 June 1995 (age 24) 3 Bay of Plenty
Reed Prinsep Flanker (1993-02-17) 17 February 1993 (age 26) 5 Canterbury
Whetu Douglas Number 8 (1991-04-18) 18 April 1991 (age 28) 2 Canterbury
Akira Ioane Number 8 (1995-01-16) 16 January 1995 (age 24) 11 Auckland
Bryn Hall Half-back (1992-02-03) 3 February 1992 (age 27) 3 North Harbour
Jonathan Ruru Half-back (1993-02-02) 2 February 1993 (age 26) 3 Auckland
Te Toiroa Tahuriorangi Half-back (1995-03-31) 31 March 1995 (age 24) 1 Taranaki
Otere Black First five-eighth (1995-05-04) 4 May 1995 (age 24) 7 Manawatu
Jackson Garden-Bachop First five-eighth (1994-10-03) 3 October 1994 (age 25) 2 Wellington
Fletcher Smith First five-eighth (1995-03-01) 1 March 1995 (age 24) 0 Waikato
Alex Nankivell Centre (1996-10-25) 25 October 1996 (age 23) 0 Tasman
Rob Thompson Centre (1991-08-29) 29 August 1991 (age 28) 6 Manawatu
Teihorangi Walden Centre (1993-05-25) 25 May 1993 (age 26) 4 Taranaki
Jordan Hyland Wing (1989-10-03) 3 October 1989 (age 30) 0 Northland
Sean Wainui Wing (1995-10-23) 23 October 1995 (age 24) 5 Taranaki
Shaun Stevenson Fullback (1996-11-14) 14 November 1996 (age 23) 5 North Harbour

Notable playersEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Uncovering the Maori mystery on BBC, 5 Jun 2003
  2. ^ "Rugby: Maori told to throw match against Boks". The New Zealand Herald. 13 April 2010. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
  3. ^ "Maori AllBlacks to tour United Kingdom | allblacks.com – official site of the All Blacks". allblacks.com. 30 August 2012. Retrieved 29 September 2012.
  4. ^ "NZ Maori first class results 1910-May 2010". All Blacks. Allblacks.com. 23 June 2010. Retrieved 14 November 2013.
  5. ^ "Maori All Blacks Squad named for two-match series against Fiji". All Blacks. Retrieved 3 July 2019.
  6. ^ "Maori All Blacks Squad Update". All Blacks. Retrieved 10 July 2019.

External linksEdit