Scotland national rugby union team
The Scotland national rugby union team represents Scotland in men's international rugby union is administered by the Scottish Rugby Union. The team takes part in the annual Six Nations Championship and participates in the Rugby World Cup, which takes place every four years. As of 14 October 2019[update], Scotland are 9th in the World Rugby Rankings.
|Union||Scottish Rugby Union|
|Head coach||Gregor Townsend|
|Most caps||Ross Ford (110)|
|Top scorer||Chris Paterson (809)|
|Top try scorer||Ian Smith &|
Tony Stanger (24)
|Home stadium||Murrayfield Stadium|
|World Rugby ranking|
|Current||8 (as of 24 Feb 2020)|
| Scotland 1–0 England|
(27 March 1871)
| Scotland 100–8 Japan|
(13 November 2004)
| Scotland 10–68 South Africa|
(6 December 1997)
|Appearances||9 (First in 1987)|
|Best result||Fourth place, 1991|
The Scottish rugby team dates back to 1871, when they beat England in the first international rugby union match at Raeburn Place. Scotland competed in the Five Nations from the inaugural tournament in 1883, winning it 14 times outright—including the last ever Five Nations in 1999—and sharing it another 8. In 2000 the competition accepted a sixth competitor, Italy, thus forming the Six Nations. Since this change, Scotland have yet to win the competition. The Rugby World Cup was introduced in 1987 and Scotland have competed in all nine competitions, the most recent being in 2019, where they failed to reach the quarter-finals. Their best finish came in 1991, where they lost to the All Blacks in the third place play-off.
Scotland have a strong rivalry with the English national team. They both annually compete for the Calcutta Cup. Each year, this fixture is played out as part of the Six Nations, with Scotland having last won in 2018.
The Scots issue a challengeEdit
In December 1870 a group of Scots players issued a letter of challenge in The Scotsman and in Bell's Life in London, to play an England XX at rugby rules. The English could hardly ignore such a challenge and this led to the first-ever rugby international match being played at Academical Cricket Club's ground at Raeburn Place, Edinburgh, on Monday 27 March 1871. In front of around 4000 spectators, the Scots won the encounter by a try (made by Angus Buchanan) and a goal (made by William Cross) to a solitary try scored by England (a points scoring system had not then been devised so only the goal counted towards the 1–0 score). England later got revenge by winning the return match at the Kennington Oval, London in the following year.
The Calcutta CupEdit
The Calcutta Cup was donated to the Rugby Football Union in 1878 by the members of the short-lived Calcutta Rugby Club. The members had decided to disband: the cup was crafted from melted-down silver rupees which became available when the Club's funds were withdrawn from the bank. The Cup is unique in that it is competed for annually only by England and Scotland. The first Calcutta Cup match was played in 1879 and, since that time, over 100 matches have taken place.
Origins of the Nations ChampionshipEdit
In 1882 the Home Nations Championship, the fore-runner of the modern Six Nations Championship was founded with Scotland, England, Wales and Ireland taking part. The Scots enjoyed occasional success in the early years, winning their first Triple Crown in 1891 and repeating the feat again in 1895, and vying with Wales for dominance in the first decade of the 20th century. Further Triple Crowns wins for Scotland followed in 1901, 1903 and 1907. However, Scotland's triumph in 1907 would be the last for eighteen years as the First World War (1914–1918) and England's dominance afterwards would deny them glory.
In 1897 land was purchased, by the SFU, at Inverleith, Edinburgh. Thus the SFU became the first of the Home Unions to own its own ground. The first visitors were Ireland, on 18 February 1899 (Scotland 3–9 Ireland). International rugby was played at Inverleith until 1925. The SFU bought some land and built the first Murrayfield Stadium which was opened on 21 March 1925.
In 1925 Scotland already had victories over France at Inverleith (25–4), Wales in Swansea (24–14) and Ireland in Dublin (14–8). England, the Grand Slam champions of the two previous seasons were the first visitors to Murrayfield. 70,000 spectators saw the lead change hands three times before Scotland secured a 14–11 victory which gave them their first-ever Five Nations Grand Slam.
The outbreak of the Second World War in September 1939 brought rugby union in Scotland to a halt. The SRU cancelled all arranged trial and international matches and encouraged the member clubs to carry on as best they could. Some clubs closed down, others amalgamated and carried on playing other local clubs and, sometimes, teams from the armed forces stationed in their various areas.
Internationals resumed in the 1946–47 season, although these were not formally recognised and no caps were awarded to participating players. In January 1946, Scotland played and defeated a strong New Zealand Armed Forces team by 11–6. Scotland resumed full international matches in February 1947, losing 22–8 to Wales at Murrayfield.
The period after World War Two was not a successful one for Scotland. In 1951, the touring Springboks massacred Scotland 44–0 scoring nine tries, a then record defeat. Scotland suffered 17 successive defeats between February 1951 and February 1955, scored only 54 points in these 17 games: 11 tries, six conversions, and four penalties.
The teams from 1955–63 were an improvement. There were no wins over England, but three of the games were drawn. Occasional wins were recorded against Wales, Ireland and France. 1964 was a good year for Scotland. New Zealand were held to a 0–0 draw, the last international match in which no points were scored. The Calcutta Cup was won 15–6, the first time since 1950 and they shared the Five Nations title in 1964 with Wales.
In 1971 the SRU appointed Bill Dickinson as their head coach, after years of avoidance, as it was their belief that rugby should remain an amateur sport. He was officially designated as an "adviser to the captain".
Scotland were the first of the Home Unions to run a truly nationwide club league. This was introduced in 1973 and still flourishes today with several of the country's original clubs still very much in evidence, such as Heriots, West of Scotland, Watsonians and the famous 'border' clubs such as Gala, Hawick, Jed-Forest, Kelso and Melrose. However the advent of professionalism saw Scotland's District championship abandoned and two 'Super Districts' formed, which have resulted in the top players generally being unavailable for their clubs. These teams play in international club competitions such as the Heineken Cup and the Pro14.
On 1 March 1975, around 104,000 spectators watched Scotland defeat Wales 12–10 in a Five Nations match at Murrayfield. The attendance at the time was a World Record for a Rugby Union match, and remains the record attendance at Murrayfield. That win was part of a run of nine successive wins at Murrayfield during the 1970s for the national side, but they were unable to transfer that form outwith Scotland, only managing two away wins during the decade.
In 1977 Nairn McEwan succeeded Bill Dickinson as national coach. However, he was only able to win one international in his three years in charge. Nevertheless, rugby in Scotland was clearly developing. The establishment of the national leagues in 1973–74 was beginning to bear fruit; the standard of club and district rugby was higher than ever and players were more accustomed to experiencing pressure in matches where the result really mattered. Fewer players were being selected from English clubs to represent Scotland as the domestic game was producing an adequate number of players of genuine international class for the first time since the First World War.
Jim Telfer became national coach in 1980, inheriting a squad of genuine potential. In March 1982 Scotland won away in Wales for the first time in 20 years. Scotland toured Australia in July 1982 and won the first test, Scotland's first away victory against any of the big three Southern Hemisphere sides. After this, the 1983 season was a disappointment; losing their first three Five Nations matches. However, the tournament ended on a high when Scotland recorded only their second victory over England at Twickenham since 1938. Scotland then went on to draw with the All Blacks 25–25 in the late autumn.
Scotland recovered their form in 1984 and achieved their second Grand Slam, and their first since 1925, under the captaincy of Jim Aitken. The team benefited from consistent selection - 12 players took part in all four Five Nations matches, and of the 20 players used in total throughout only two played for clubs outwith Scotland. Jim Telfer stood down after the Grand Slam to concentrate on his professional career as a school master. He was succeeded by his assistant, the former Hawick fly-half, Colin Telfer (not a relative). He lasted just over a year, enduring a whitewash in the 1985 Five Nations, before resigning to concentrate on his business. Derrick Grant was then appointed head coach.
In January 1986, a trial match between "Blues" (players expected to feature for Scotland) and "Reds" (emerging players with a possible international future) resulted in a shock 41–10 win for the "Reds". The "Reds" team included Gavin and Scott Hastings, Finlay Calder and David Sole, all of whom who would debut for Scotland in the Five Nations that year and feature prominently for side in the years that followed. Scotland went on to share the 1986 Five Nations championship with France, each side winning three out of their four games. The series also saw Scotland thrash England 33–6 at Murrayfield; Scotland's record win over the English, at the time one point short of Scotland's best score in any rugby union international and England's heaviest defeat in over a century.
Scotland went to the first World Cup, played in New Zealand and Australia in the summer of 1987. John Rutherford, the team's general and controlling influence, had injured his knee on an unauthorised tour of Bermuda. He broke down after less than a quarter of an hour of the first World Cup match against France and never played for Scotland again. Scotland had been in the lead but the match finished level. Scotland lost to New Zealand in the quarter-final. On 27 June 1988, Ian McGeechan was appointed as head coach to succeed Derrick Grant who had retired after the end of the 1988 Five Nations series.
Their greatest year in the modern era was 1990, when their season came down to one game, a Grand Slam decider at Murrayfield against the "auld enemy", England. Both sides had won all their Five Nations fixtures, and England were overwhelming favourites despite being the away side. Scotland under the captaincy of prop David Sole went on to win 13–7,> and with it their third Grand Slam. The match against England in 1990 was also only the second time that Flower of Scotland was played at Murrayfield, having become Scotland's pre-match national anthem that year.
The second World Cup took place in 1991 with matches shared between the Five Nations. Scotland won their pool, though the game against Ireland was close, and then beat Western Samoa in the quarter-final. They lost to England in the semi-final held at Murrayfield to a Rob Andrew drop goal. In the third place play-off they were beaten by New Zealand.
Scotland went through 1994 without a single win, but bounced back in 1995 to win their first three Five Nations matches. This run of wins included a 23–21 win away against France, courtesy of a last minute try and conversion by Gavin Hastings. This was Scotland's first win in Paris since 1969. The last Five Nations match was another Grand Slam decider against England; however, this time the English defeated the Scots 24–12, largely due to the kicking prowess of Rob Andrew.
The third World Cup, held in South Africa, came in 1995. Pool play saw a narrow defeat by France, thanks to an injury-time try, and Scotland finished second in the pool. They were eliminated in the quarter-final against New Zealand.
Australian coach Matt Williams became the first foreigner to coach Scotland in 2003. However his tenure was both controversial and unsuccessful, marred by a string of poor results and fall-outs with coaches and players. In 2004 Williams attempted to introduce a controversial "Fortress Scotland" policy, whereby only those currently playing in Scotland were eligible to play in the national team. Meanwhile, the Scottish Rugby Union (SRU) came under new management, chief executive Phil Anderton (known as 'Firework Phil' for his pre-match entertainment spectacles) was leading the way back to financial solvency and implementing major reforms to reverse the decline of the game in Scotland, but he resigned in January 2005 after his boss David Mackay was forced to resign by the SRU's general committee. By April 2005, Scotland had won only three out of 17 matches under Williams. Following a review by the SRU and public criticism from several of his players, Williams was finally sacked on 25 April 2005.
Frank Hadden, the head coach of Edinburgh Gunners, was appointed interim coach for the 2005 summer internationals against the Barbarians and Romania, winning both. On 15 September 2005, he was appointed national coach of the Scotland team.
In the first match of the 2006 Six Nations campaign, against France, Scotland won 20–16, and this was the first time since 1999 that they had beaten France. Scotland also beat England 18–12 at home at Murrayfield to reclaim the Calcutta Cup. In the 2006 Autumn internationals Scotland won two of three fixtures. They convincingly beat Romania and put up a solid first half performance against the Pacific Islanders. In the final match against Australia, Scotland failed to impress, with Australia winning 44–15.
In 2007, Scotland became the first Six Nations team to lose at home to Italy, 17–37. This was Italy's biggest ever victory over Scotland, home or away. Later that year, the side travelled to France for the 2007 Rugby World Cup. They made their way through their group and reached the quarter finals, where they were knocked out by Argentina.
Scotland opened their 2008 Six Nations campaign losing 27–6 to France at home. Pressure on Frank Hadden started to intensify after Scotland lost to Wales and then to Ireland. They then defeated England in the Calcutta Cup with a 15–9 victory before succumbing to Italy, avoiding the wooden spoon only on scoring difference. They then toured Argentina in the summer to play two tests against Argentina. They lost the first test 21–15, but won the second 26–14.
In a dismal 2009 Six Nations campaign, Scotland won just one match for a second consecutive year (against Italy) and thus, on 2 April 2009 Frank Hadden resigned as head coach of the national side. On 4 June 2009, ex-England, Edinburgh and Bath coach Andy Robinson was named head coach in time for the 2009 Autumn Internationals. Scotland's form picked up with a 23–10 victory over Fiji and a memorable 9–8 win against Australia (the first win over the Wallabies for 27 years) at Murrayfield.
In the 2010 Six Nations Scotland lost against France, Wales and Italy before drawing with England. Against Ireland, in the final rugby match at Croke Park, Scotland gained their only win of the tournament 23–20 with a last-minute penalty by Dan Parks, denying the Irish the Triple Crown and assuring they themselves would avoid the wooden spoon. That summer, Scotland toured Argentina and recorded their first ever away series victory, beating the Pumas in both tests, 24–16 and 13–9. In the Autumn Internationals of 2010, Scotland lost heavily against New Zealand before recording victories against South Africa, 21–17, and Samoa, 19–16.
Scotland had a poor showing in the 2011 Six Nations, winning just one match, a 21–8 victory over Italy. In the 2011 Rugby World Cup, Scotland struggled to beat Romania 34–24 and Georgia 15–6, before losing 13–12 to Argentina. Needing a win going into their final match against England in Auckland, they led 12–3 with a quarter of the game to go, only to lose out to a Chris Ashton try, going down 16–12. This was the first time Scotland had been knocked out in the group stages of the Rugby World Cup.
Scotland were terrible during the 2012 Six Nations, picking up the wooden spoon and being whitewashed, despite promising moments, and falling to 12th, Scotland's lowest ever in the IRB rankings. Even after this whitewash, Scotland defeated Australia 9–6 in the 2012 Scotland rugby union tour of Australia, Fiji and Samoa. This was Scotland's first win in Australia since 1982 and the first time in 30 years that Scotland defeated Australia more than once in a row. Scotland also recorded away wins over both Fiji and Samoa. During Scotland's 2012 Autumn Tests they suffered a series of defeats, versus the All Blacks, South Africa and most notably Tonga, which caused head coach Andy Robinson to resign.Scott Johnson became interim head coach for the team in December 2012.
During the 2013 Six Nations, Scotland won their matches against Italy and Ireland to finish third, their best finish in the competition since 2006. On 3 May 2013, Johnson was named the first ever Director of Rugby for Scotland responsible for overseeing all rugby in the nation. On 27 May 2013, it was announced that Vern Cotter would become head coach of Scotland, but the SRU had to wait until 2014 as club Clermont failed to reach an agreement with the SRU to release Cotter a year early from his contract.
Scotland had a dismal 2014 Six Nations campaign; managing only one win (away in Italy), finishing second bottom and hammered 51–3 by Wales in the final match. Vern Cotter finally assumed his role as head coach, and in June of the same year Scotland won three tests against the top teams of the Americas, before being hammered by South Africa 55–6. The three autumn tests held at Murrayfield during November yielded wins over Argentina and Tonga, and a narrow defeat against New Zealand. The test against Tonga took place at Rugby Park, Kilmarnock, and was the first Rugby Union international to be played on an artificial surface.
The 2015 Six Nations Championship ended in a whitewash for Scotland, despite optimism amongst players and supporters beforehand. However, Scotland displayed improved performances in their World Cup warm-up games over the summer, with two wins over Italy and narrow defeats away in Ireland and France. Scotland played well at the 2015 Rugby World Cup in England; qualifying from their group by beating Japan, USA and Samoa, although they lost to South Africa. Scotland played Australia in the quarter-finals, and with 30 seconds remaining led 34–32. However, referee Craig Joubert then awarded the Wallabies a highly controversial penalty, later judged by the game's ruling body to be incorrect, which Bernard Foley scored to give Australia victory.
Scotland lost their first two games in the 2016 Six Nations Championship, extending their losing streak in the Six Nations to nine matches, their worst run in the championship since the 1950s. The Scots finally ended their losing run with a 36–20 win over Italy in Rome; John Barclay, John Hardie and Tommy Seymour all scoring tries. Scotland followed that win up with a victory over France at Murrayfield; Stuart Hogg, Duncan Taylor and Tim Visser scoring tries in a 29–18 win. It was Scotland's first victory over France since 2006, and also ended a 10 match losing streak against Les Bleus. Scotland had a successful tour of Japan in June (winning both test matches), and during the Autumn Internationals recorded a third consecutive win against Argentina (their seventh recognised win overall against the Pumas).
In the 2017 Six Nations, Scotland saw a marked improvement in performance with three home wins and two away defeats. This was Vern Cotter's last tournament as head coach of Scotland, despite their also beating Australia 24-19 on the summer tour of the Southern Hemisphere. In their first 6Ns game, Scotland went in with confidence to win their first opening match for eleven years against Ireland in a close match at Murrayfield Stadium. This followed with a defeat in Paris to France. Scotland secured a win over Wales in their third game, Scotland's first since 2007. In the eagerly anticipated Calcutta Cup tie against England at Twickenham, however, Scotland were thrashed 61–21. This was a record defeat against the English, and a result which ended their hopes of winning the Six Nations. In the last week, Scotland defeated Italy at Murrayfield with a 29–0 victory, securing fourth place in the tournament table.
Gregor Townsend took over as head coach in June 2017. His first fixture as head coach was against Italy in Singapore where Scotland won 34–13. A week later Scotland defeated Australia 24–19 in Sydney, the second time in a row Scotland had won on Australian soil. The victory was made more notable by the list of absentees, such as Stuart Hogg and Grieg Laidlaw, who were in New Zealand on Lions' duty. The tour was concluded by a 27–22 loss to Fiji in Suva.
Victory over Samoa in November 2017 was followed by a breathtaking performance against New Zealand at a sold-out Murrayfield. Tries from Jonny Gray and Huw Jones brought Scotland to 17–22 with barely a minute to go, but it took a superb cover tackle from the All Blacks fly-half Beauden Barrett to prevent Stuart Hogg from scoring a winning try. A week later Scotland registered a record win over the Wallabies, inflicting eight tries on the visitors in what was the Australian hooker Stephen Moore's final international game. Scotland won 53–24, their biggest ever margin of victory over Australia.
In the 2019 Rugby World Cup, Scotland took an early exit with losses to both Ireland and the hosts. Scotland did however score ninety-five unanswered points across two wins against Samoa and Russia.
Thistle and the anthemEdit
The thistle is the national flower, and also the symbol of the Scotland national rugby union team. According to legend the "guardian thistle" has played its part in the defence of Scotland against a night attack by Norwegian Vikings, one of whom let out a yell of pain when he stepped barefoot on a thistle, alerting the Scottish defenders. The Latin Nemo me impune lacessit ("No-one provokes me with impunity!" in English) is an ancient motto of the Kings of Scotland, and also of Scotland's premier chivalric order, the Most Ancient and Most Noble Order of the Thistle, and of the Scots Guards (the latter both "belonging" to the monarch).
"Flower of Scotland" has been used since 1990 as Scotland's unofficial national anthem. It was written by Roy Williamson of The Corries in 1967, and adopted by the SRU to replace "God Save the Queen". In the first year of using "Flower of Scotland" as an anthem, Scotland walked onto the pitch at the beginning of the Five Nations Championship deciding match against England. This combination was explosive and Scotland went on to beat England 13–7 and win the Five Nations Championship with a Grand Slam.
This section does not cite any sources. (February 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Scotland have traditionally worn navy blue jerseys, white shorts and blue socks. On the occasion that Scotland is the home side and the opposing team normally wears dark colours, Scotland will use its change strip. Traditionally this is a white jersey with navy blue shorts and socks. For a brief period, when Cotton Oxford were the shirt sponsors, the white shirt was replaced by a bright orange one with orange and blue hoops on the sleeves. This was first used against the New Zealand Māori on 14 November 1998. This change strip was replaced by the traditional white one just two years later. Also during this sponsorship deal, purple was introduced to the traditional blue jersey. This was a significant departure from the traditional colours of blue and white, although purple is inspired from the thistle flower.
Kit manufacturers and shirt sponsorsEdit
In September 1993, a sponsorship deal was announced with The Famous Grouse, resulting in a sponsors' name being added to Scottish international players' kit for the first time in addition to the jersey manufacturers' emblem. In 1997 a new deal saw the Grouse logo appear on the Scotland jersey. Further deals followed and it became the longest association with a sponsor in world rugby. During this time, when Scotland played test matches in France, The Famous Grouse logo was replaced by the initials "TFG" due to the Evin law that bans any alcohol advertisement (including in sports events) in France. In May 2007, after seventeen years, The Famous Grouse ended its shirt sponsorship with the team. The Famous Grouse did maintain a low profile link to the Scottish Rugby Union by becoming the main spirit sponsor. This deal is thought to be worth a tenth of the original cost and forbids the Scottish Rugby Union from affiliating itself from any other whisky manufacturer.
On 3 September 2007 it was announced that the then Rangers chairman Sir David Murray's company would become the new shirt sponsor, in a deal worth £2.7 million over three years. In August 2011, the Royal Bank of Scotland took over as main sponsors of Scottish Rugby, after Sir David Murray's company decided to end their sponsorship. BT became the primary shirt sponsor as part of the £20 million deal signed in 2014.
|Period||Kit manufacturer||Shirt sponsor|
|1991–1994||Umbro||No shirt sponsor|
|1994–1998||Pringle||The Famous Grouse|
Between the 2007 Rugby World Cup warm up games and the 2013 South African quadrangular tournament, the fonts used for their number kit on the back of their kits were Crillee Extra Bold Italic. But since Macron took over as kit supplier, the number fonts on the back of their kits were Arial rounded MT bold (or Oswald Bold, during the 2015 Rugby World Cup).
Men's World Rugby Rankings
|Top 20 rankings as of 9 March 2020|
|*Change from the previous week|
|Scotland's historical rankings|
|Source: World Rugby - Graph updated to 27 January 2020|
Scotland competes annually in the Six Nations Championship, which is played against five other European nations: France, England, Ireland, Italy and Wales. The Six Nations started out as the Home Nations Championship in 1883, with Scotland sharing the championship with England in 1886 before winning the title outright for the first time a year later. Scotland have won the title outright 15 times and shared the championship a further nine times. Scotland have won three Grand Slams (including the Triple Crown) in 1925, 1984 and 1990, in addition to a further seven Triple Crowns. They also contest the Calcutta Cup with England as part of the championship. Scotland were the winners of the last Five Nations in 1999, before Italy joined the competition to make it the Six Nations.
Trophies within the Six NationsEdit
The Triple Crown is awarded to the Scotland, England, Ireland or Wales national side if they can beat the other three 'Home Nation' sides in the Six Nations tournament of that year.
The Calcutta Cup is awarded to the winner of the Scotland - England match in the Six Nations tournament. England is the current holder.
The Centenary Quaich is awarded to the winner of the Scotland - Ireland match in the Six Nations tournament.
The Auld Alliance Trophy is awarded to the winner of the Scotland - France match in the Six Nations tournament.
The Doddie Weir Cup is awarded to the winner of the Scotland - Wales match in the Six Nations tournament.
Beating all the sides in the Six Nations is called a Grand Slam but this has no trophy.
|Outright wins (shared wins)|
|Home Nations||5 (4)||N/A||4 (4)||N/A||10 (3)||7 (4)|
|Five Nations||17 (6)||12 (8)||6 (5)||N/A||5 (6)||15 (8)|
|Overall||28 (10)||17 (8)||14 (9)||0 (0)||15 (9)||27 (12)|
The Hopetoun Cup is awarded to the winner of Scotland - Australia test matches. Scotland is the current holder.
The Douglas Horn Trophy is awarded to the winner of Scotland - Canada test matches. Scotland is the current holder.
Since 2018, the Doddie Weir Cup is awarded to the winner of Scotland - Wales test matches. Wales is the current holder.
Rugby World CupEdit
|Rugby World Cup||Qualification|
|1991||Fourth Place||6||4||0||2||162||64||Squad||Automatically qualified|
|2011||Pool Stage||4||2||0||2||73||59||Squad||Automatically qualified|
|2019||Pool Stage||4||2||0||2||119||55||Squad||Automatically qualified|
Scotland has competed in every Rugby World Cup since the inaugural tournament in 1987. Their best finish was fourth in 1991. In their semi-final on 26 October 1991 Scotland lost 6–9 to England at Murrayfield after Gavin Hastings missed a penalty almost in front of and a short distance from the posts. On 30 October Scotland lost the third-place play-off to New Zealand in Cardiff 13–6. Since then they have qualified for the quarter-finals in all but two occasions, in 2011 and 2019. In 2015, they came within 30 seconds of a famous win over Australia; however, a last minute penalty sealed the win for the Wallabies.
|World Cup results|
|1987||Pool 4||France||20–20||Scotland||Lancaster Park|
|Quarter-final||New Zealand||30–3||Scotland||Lancaster Park|
|Third-place play-off||Scotland||6–13||New Zealand||Cardiff|
|1995||Pool D||Ivory Coast||0–89||Scotland||Rustenburg|
|1999||Pool 1||Scotland||29–46||South Africa||Murrayfield|
|Quarter-final||Argentina||19–13||Scotland||Stade de France|
|2015||Pool B||Scotland||45–10||Japan||Kingsholm, Gloucester|
|Scotland||39–16||United States||Elland Road, Leeds|
|South Africa||34–16||Scotland||St James' Park, Newcastle|
|Samoa||33–36||Scotland||St James' Park, Newcastle|
Scotland achieved 100 points for the first time in defeating a young and inexperienced Japan side 100–8 on 13 November 2004. The previous record had been 89–0 against Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) in the first round of Rugby World Cup 1995. The game versus Japan was played at the home of St Johnstone F.C., McDiarmid Park, Perth. It was the first time that Scotland had ever played "North of the Forth" (i.e. the Firth of Forth) in the Caledonian region. In the same game Chris Paterson moved ahead of Andy Irvine in the list of Scotland's all-time points scorers.
Below is table of the representative rugby matches played by a Scotland national XV at test level up until 8 March 2020.
- Caps updated: 12 October 2020
Head coach: Gregor Townsend
Four former Scotland players have been inducted into the International Rugby Hall of Fame:
- Gordon Brown, inducted 2001
- Gavin Hastings, captain of the British Lions, full back, inducted 2003
- Andy Irvine, full back, Scottish captain and British Lion, inducted 1999
- Ian McGeechan, inducted 2005
Ian McGeechan, Bill Maclagan, David Bedell-Sivright, Jim Greenwood Gavin Hastings,Gordon Brown, GPS Macpherson and Andy Irvine are members of the World Rugby Hall of Fame.
Before 1971, there was no appointed coach of the Scotland team, the role being assumed by the captain. In 1971, the SRU appointed the first coach as "adviser to the captain". He was Bill Dickinson, a lecturer at Jordanhill College, and his contribution to Scottish rugby in the 1970s was immense. Nairn McEwan took the reins in 1977 for three years before the team was led by Jim Telfer in 1980. Colin Telfer took over for a year before being succeeded by Derrick Grant in the autumn of 1985. From 1988 onwards, Scotland was coached by either Jim Telfer or Ian McGeechan until 2003 when the Australian Matt Williams was appointed, becoming the first non Scot to coach the national side. Scotland have appointed a further three non-Scottish coaches to lead the national side, the others being Scott Johnson, an Australian, Andy Robinson, an Englishman, and Vern Cotter from New Zealand.
Robinson took the reins in 2009 after Frank Hadden stepped down. Robinson was no stranger to Scottish rugby as, like his predecessor Hadden, had been the head coach of Edinburgh Rugby and joint coach of Scotland A before being promoted head coach of the national side. Scott Johnson was Robinson's assistant coach when Robinson stood down in 2013, which ended in the result of Johnson being announced as interim head coach for Scotland in 2013, taking the team through the 2013 Six Nations Championship and the 2013 South African Quadrangular Tournament. Vern Cotter was announced as Scottish Head coach but would not take up on the role until June 2014 as he had one year left on his contract with Clermont Auvergne. This meant that Scott Johnson would remain as Interim Coach until the end of that year's Six Nations Championship.
|Scott Johnson (interim)||2012–2014||16||5||0||11||31.25|
|*Correct as of 10 February 2020|
The current Scottish coaching set up:
Updated 9 March 2020
Updated 9 March 2020
Updated 9 March 2020
Men's national teamsEdit
- Scotland national rugby union team
- Scotland A national rugby union team
- Scotland national rugby sevens team
- Scotland national under-21 rugby union team
- Scotland national under-20 rugby union team
- Scotland national under-19 rugby union team
- Scotland national under-18 rugby union team
- Scotland national under-17 rugby union team
- Scotland national under-16 rugby union team
Women's national teamsEdit
- "Men's rankings". World Rugby. Retrieved 29 January 2019.
- "Historical Rugby Milestones 1870s". Rugby Football History. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
- "The first international rugby match". BBC - A Sporting Nation. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
- "On this day 1871: First ever rugby international". The Scotsman. 27 March 2015. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
- Johnson, Ben. "The Calcutta Cup". Historic UK. Retrieved 24 February 2018.
- "6 Nations History". Rugby Football History. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- "Scotland". Rugby Football History. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
- MacDonald, Paul. "First Scottish Grand Slam". BBC - A Sporting Nation. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
- "England v Scotland: The greatest moments". The Independent. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
- "2nd New Zealand Expeditionary Force rugby team (1945-46)". New Zealand Sports Hall of Fame. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- "2nd New Zealand Expeditionary Force rugby team (1945 – 1946)". Rugby Redefined. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- Paul, Gregor (October 2012). Top 10 of Everything Rugby. Exisle Publishing (New Zealand). p. 190. ISBN 978-1927147528. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- "Rugby stats & records - Scotland 1950s". ESPN. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- "Rugby stats & records - Scotland v England - 1955-63". ESPN. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- Griffiths, John (8 July 2014). "A rare scoreless rugby draw". ESPN. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- "Calcutta Cup". Rugby Archive. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- "Pringle Fisher". Herald Scotland. 29 April 2009. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- Leith, Bill (22 April 1994). "Obituary: Bill Dickinson". The Independent. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- Reid, Alasdair (13 February 2015). "Notorious occasion when record crowd packed Murrayfield". Herald Scotland. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- "Rugby stats & records - Record attendances". ESPN. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- Richards, Huw (November 2007). A Game for Hooligans: The History of Rugby Union. Mainstream Publishing. ISBN 978-1845962555. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- Bath, Richard (October 2007). The Scotland Rugby Miscellany. Vision Sports Publishing Ltd. p. 133. ISBN 978-1905326242.
- "The age of Telfer". The Scotsman. 28 January 2003. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- Eunson, John (April 2012). Sporting Scots: How Scotland Brought Sport to the World (And the World Wouldn't Let Us Win). Black & White Publishing. ISBN 978-1845024147.
- "Rugby stats & records - Wales v Scotland - 1962-82". ESPN. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- Steve Jones, ed. (1983). Rothmans Rugby Yearbook 1983–84. p. 55. ISBN 978-0356097312.
- "Rugby stats & records - Scotland 1982". ESPN. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- "Rugby stats & records - Scotland 1983". ESPN. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- Ferguson, David (10 March 2015). "Watch Telfer Talk as Scotland legend insists we CAN claim first Twickenham win in 32 years". Daily Record. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- McMurtie, Bill (7 October 1985). "Can Derrick swing it for Scotland?". The Glasgow Herald. p. 7. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
- McLaren, Bill (November 2005). My Autobiography (Reprint ed.). Bantam. p. 309. ISBN 978-0553815580. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- "Interview: Scott Hastings, Scottish rugby legend". The Scotsman. 4 February 2011. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- McMurtie, Bill (17 March 1986). "Relieved Grant praises Scots' defence". The Glasgow Herald. p. 9. Retrieved 22 September 2015.
- McMurtie, Bill (17 February 1986). "Records tumble as Scots triumph". The Glasgow Herald. p. 9. Retrieved 22 September 2015.
- McMurtie, Bill (28 June 1988). "Ian is a natural to tackle coaching post". The Glasgow Herald. p. 29. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
- "BBC - A Sporting Nation - Grand Slam 1990". www.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
- "Grand Slam 1990". BBC - A Sporting Nation. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
- Rhys, Steffan (7 February 2009). "The perfect rugby anthem – Flower of Scotland!". Wales Online. Archived from the original on 10 February 2009. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- "Scotland's Rugby World Cup 1991". BBC - A Sporting Nation. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
- "Hastings carries Scotland to victory". ESPN. Retrieved 23 September 2015.
- "Gavin Hastings". Sporting Heroes. Retrieved 23 September 2015.
- "South Africa's triumphant homecoming". ESPN. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- "Wales snatch glory from England". BBC Sport. 11 April 1999. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- "All Blacks end it for gutsy Scots". BBC News. 24 October 1999. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- "Rugby stats & records - Scotland, Six Nations, 2000". ESPN. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- "Brave Scots defeat England". BBC News. 2 April 2000. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- Paul, Gregor (October 2012). Top 10 of Everything Rugby. Exisle Publishing (New Zealand). p. 185. ISBN 978-1927147528. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- "Williams accepts Ulster position". BBC Sport. 30 December 2007. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- "Scotland players say sack Matt Williams now". Edinburgh Evening News. 20 April 2005. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- "Scotland tread dangerous path to 2007". The Sunday Times. 4 April 2004. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- "SRU's giant leap backwards Departing Mackay forecasts 'tragedy' if Anderton goes". Herald Scotland. 11 January 2005. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- Reid, Alasdair (13 January 2005). "Anderton adds to SRU turmoil". The Telegraph. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- "Williams sacked as Scotland coach". BBC Sport. 25 April 2005. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- "Hadden to lead Scots over summer". BBC Sport. 29 April 2005. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- "Scotland appoint Hadden as coach". BBC Sport. 15 September 2005. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- "Hadden welcomes return of pride". BBC Sport. 5 February 2006. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- Averis, Mike (6 February 2006). "Lamont launches Scotland into orbit as favourites fall flat at the first". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- "Scotland 18-12 England". BBC Sport. 25 February 2006. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- "Scotland 48-6 Romania". BBC Sport. 11 November 2006. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- "Scotland 34-22 Pacific Islanders". BBC Sport. 18 November 2006. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- "Scotland 15-44 Australia". BBC Sport. 25 November 2006. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- "Scotland v Italy". BBC Sport. 24 February 2007. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- Lindsay, Clive (7 October 2007). "Argentina 19-13 Scotland". BBC Sport. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- Harlow, Phil (3 February 2008). "Scotland 6-27 France". BBC Sport. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- "There's no Robinson pressure, insists Hadden". Wales Online. 18 February 2008. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- "Ireland 34 Scotland 13". BBC Sport. 23 February 2008. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- Standley, James (8 March 2008). "Scotland 15-9 England". BBC Sport. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- Hassan, Nabil (15 March 2008). "Italy 23-20 Scotland". BBC Sport. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- "Argentina 14-26 Scotland". RTÉ Sport. 1 June 2008. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- "Scotland coach Frank Hadden resigns". The Mirror. 3 April 2009. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- "Scots name Robinson as head coach". BBC Sport. 4 June 2009. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- "Scotland 23-10 Fiji". BBC Sport. 14 November 2009. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- Standley, James (21 November 2009). "Scotland 9-8 Australia". BBC Sport. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- Petrie, Richard (20 March 2010). "Ireland 20-23 Scotland". BBC Sport. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- Campbell, Andy (19 June 2010). "Argentina 9-13 Scotland". BBC Sport. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- "Rugby stats & records - Scotland Autumn internationals 2010". ESPN. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- Moffat, Colin (19 March 2011). "Scotland 21-8 Italy". BBC Sport. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- "Rugby World Cup 2011: Scotland 34-24 Romania". BBC Sport. 10 September 2011. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- "Rugby World Cup 2011 Pool B: Scotland 15-6 Georgia". BBC Sport. 14 September 2011. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- Lindsay, Clive (25 September 2011). "Rugby World Cup 2011: Argentina 13-12 Scotland". BBC Sport. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- McAllister, Stuart (17 March 2012). "Scotland pick up Six Nations wooden spoon after losing to Italy". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- Reid, Alasdair (29 March 2012). "Scotland stick with Andy Robinson". The Telegraph. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- Moffat, Colin (5 June 2012). "Australia 6-9 Scotland". BBC Sport. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- "Rugby stats & records - Scotland summer tour 2012". ESPN. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- "Andy Robinson quits as Scotland's rugby coach". BBC Sport (25 November 2012). Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- Reid, Alasdair (20 December 2012). "Scotland appoint Scott Johnson as interim head coach for 6 Nations and South Africa tour". The Telegraph. Retrieved 1 June 2013.
- Goodlad, Phil (3 May 2013). "Interim head coach Scott Johnson named director of rugby". BBC Sport. Retrieved 8 February 2014.
- "Cotter confirmed as new Scotland coach". ESPN. 16 May 2013. Retrieved 8 February 2014.
- Morrison, Finlay (17 March 2014). "More Six Nations despair for Scotland but new era under Vern Cotter looms". STV Sport. Retrieved 27 September 2015.
- "South Africa 55-6 Scotland". BBC Sport. 28 June 2014. Retrieved 27 September 2015.
- "Scotland - 2015". ESPN. Retrieved 30 September 2015.
- "Scotland 37-12 Tonga: Vern Cotter happy with display". BBC Sport. 22 November 2014. Retrieved 30 September 2015.
- Blair, Mike (23 March 2015). "Six Nations: Scotland must adapt after whitewash". BBC Sport. Retrieved 30 September 2015.
- Morrison, Finlay. "Preview: Cotter's Scotland a team with potential to roar at Rugby World Cup". STV Sport. Retrieved 22 September 2015.
- Cleary, Mick (18 October 2015). "Australia 35 Scotland 34, match report: Agony for Scots as last-minute Bernard Foley penalty snatches late victory". The Telegraph. Retrieved 19 October 2015.
- "Rugby World Cup 2015: 'Craig Joubert wrong to award penalty'". BBC Sport. 19 October 2015.
- Newport, Andy (27 February 2016). "Italy vs Scotland match report: Scots put two years of misery behind them". The Indeoendent. Retrieved 13 March 2016.
- English, Tom (27 February 2016). "Six Nations 2016: Italy 20-36 Scotland". BBC Sport. Retrieved 13 March 2016.
- "Scotland 29-18 France". Six Nations Guide. Retrieved 13 March 2016.
- English, Tom (25 June 2016). "Scotland beat Japan 21-16 in Tokyo to seal series victory". BBC Sport. Retrieved 7 February 2017.
- English, Tom (4 February 2017). "2017 Six Nations: Scotland 27-22 Ireland". BBC Sport. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
- "Match report - Scotland 27 - 22 Ireland". The Scotland Team. 4 February 2017. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
- Cleary, Mick (10 March 2017). "England vs Scotland: Hardest Twickenham test yet for edgy Eddie Jones". The Telegraph. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
- Fordyce, Tom (11 March 2017). "Six Nations 2017: England 61-21 Scotland". BBC Sport. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
- English, Tom (18 March 2017). "Six Nations 2017: Scotland 29-0 Italy". BBC Sport. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
- "Scotland edge hard-fought victory over Samoa in 11-try thriller". ESPN Scrum. 11 November 2017. Retrieved 1 February 2018.
- "All Blacks made to work for victory over plucky Scotland". ESPN Scrum. 18 November 2017. Retrieved 1 February 2018.
- "Scotland make Wallabies pay for Kepu's moment of madness". ESPN Scrum. 25 November 2017. Retrieved 1 February 2018.
- Bath, Richard (13 October 2019). "Rugby World Cup 2019: Scotland accuse All Blacks of 'undue influence' in cancellation decision". Stuff. Retrieved 24 October 2019.
- "The Scottish Thistle - Beautifully Bold!". Scottish at Heart. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
- "Rugby fans' anger over Scotland's red and yellow kit". The Scotsman. 15 June 2006. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
- "Cap that for a benefit after new sponsorship package". The Herald. 1 September 1993. Retrieved 21 September 2016.
- "All Blacks wrap up sale of the century. Sponsors' massive #30m shirt deal puts all the others in the shade". The Herald. 21 October 1997. Retrieved 21 September 2016.
- Ferguson, David (12 May 2004). "Famous Grouse puts SRU fears to flight with new deal". The Scotsman. Retrieved 21 September 2016.
- "Firm have grouse about French". BBC News. 18 January 2001. Retrieved 24 February 2018.
- Robertson, Rob (4 May 2007). "Famous Grouse ends sponsor deal with Scots rugby team". The Herald. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
- Ferguson, David (4 September 2007). "Rangers owner says rugby is in his heart as he puts £2.7m into the SRU". The Scotsman. Retrieved 21 September 2016.
- "BT completes Scottish Rugby portfolio as Scotland's front of shirt sponsor". Scottish Rugby. 1 April 2015. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
- "Men's World Rankings". World Rugby. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
- "Scotland 100 - 8 Japan". BBC Sport. 13 November 2004. Retrieved 22 September 2015.
- Turnbull, Simon (15 November 2004). "Paterson's haul lifts Scotland to first century". The Independent. Retrieved 22 September 2015.
- "McDiarmid Park". St Johnstone FC. Retrieved 22 September 2015.
- "Rugby stats & Records - Scotland test match record by opponent". ESPN. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
- "Finn Russell back in Scotland squad for autumn internationals". BBC Sport. 12 October 2020.
- "Gordon Brown". International Rugby Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on 10 May 2013. Retrieved 22 September 2015.
- "Gavin Hastings". International Rugby Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on 12 May 2013.
- "Andy Irvine". International Rugby Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on 11 May 2013.
- "Ian McGeechan". International Rugby Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on 12 May 2013.
- "World Rugby "Hall of Fame"". World Rugby. Retrieved 22 September 2015.
- "2013 Inductee: Dr David Bedell-Sivright". World Rugby. Retrieved 22 September 2015.
- "Jim Greenwood inducted into IRB Hall of Fame". Scottish Rugby. 18 November 2014. Retrieved 22 September 2015.
- "2013 Inductee: Andrew Gavin Hastings". World Rugby. Retrieved 22 September 2015.
- "Scotland turn to Johnson". ESPN. 20 December 2012. Retrieved 8 February 2014.
- "Scotland: Gregor Townsend to take over from Vern Cotter as head coach". BBC Sport. 17 August 2016.
- Current Scotland Coaches set out on SRU website: https://www.scottishrugby.org/squads/scotland-men/
- "Player Records (ordered by matches)". ESPN.
- "Player Records (ordered by points)". ESPN.
- "Player Records (ordered by tries)". ESPN.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Scotland national rugby union team.|
- Scotland Rugby Team – the official site of the Scotland national team
- HISTORY OF RUGBY IN OTHER COUNTRIES
- History of Scottish Rugby on the SRU website
- Massie, Allan (28 January 2003). "The Battling Years". The Scotsman.
- Massie, Allan (29 January 2003). "The age of Telfer". The Scotsman.
- Favourites find Scotland grit hard to swallow: Scotland 18 England 12, The Times, 27 February 2006
- Scottish Rugby Union – the official site of Scottish Rugby
- A song for Scotland – an article on the ongoing discussions about which song should represent Scotland before international rugby and football games. (Sunday Times, 21 November 2004)