Gregor Peter John Townsend, Galashiels) is a Scottish rugby union coach and former player. He is currently the head coach of the Scotland national team having previously been an assistant coach from 2009 to 2012. As a player, he won 82 caps for Scotland and two for the British and Irish Lions. He is a former coach of Glasgow Warriors and was a player-coach for Border Reivers. As well as in Scotland, he played club rugby in Australia, England, France and South Africa. As coach of Scotland, his team won at Twickenham for the first time in 38 years in 2021. Townsend was selected as attack coach for the 2021 British & Irish Lions tour to South Africa.(born 26 April 1973 in
|Birth name||Gregor Peter John Townsend|
|Date of birth||26 April 1973|
|Place of birth||Galashiels, Scotland|
|Height||6 ft 0 in (1.83 m)|
|Weight||93 kg (14 st 9 lb; 205 lb)|
|University||University of Edinburgh|
|Rugby union career|
Early life and educationEdit
Townsend started playing for his local club Gala RFC, where his father had played, and came through from the mini section to senior side. In 1993, Townsend spent a season in Australia, playing for Warringah in the Shute Shield. He was part of the team that came runners-up to Gordon, losing 23–19. He returned to the club in 1995 after leaving his local side Gala.
In 1995, he joined English side Northampton Saints for the 1995–96 Courage League National Division Two, where he helped the side to promotion to the top English division for 1996. He remained with the club for a further two seasons in the top English division before moving to France to play for Brive in the French Rugby Union Championship. Across the two seasons he played for the club, Brive did not make much success which saw Townsend move to play for Castres Olympique in 2000. In Townsend's first season with Castres, the side topped Pool 1 which saw them advance through to the quarter finals where they defeated Colomiers 37–26. However, Castres failed to make the final after losing to Toulouse 32–21 in the semi final. Following a disappointing 2001–02 Top 16 season, Townsend returned to Scotland to play for Border Reivers.
After retiring from international rugby in 2003, in December of that year Townsend signed with Super 12 South African side the Sharks. He played a single season for the Sharks outfit before he returned to France to play for Montpellier.
In 2005, he returned home to Scotland for a second time and was a player/coach for the Border Reivers until they were disbanded at the end of the 2006–07 season.
Townsend made his international debut at the age of 19, coming off the bench against England on 6 March 1993 during the 1993 Five Nations Championship. It wasn't until a year later that Townsend gained his second cap, which was a starting position against Wales during the 1994 Five Nations Championship. He then started the next 35 tests for Scotland before he was next played off the bench.
In December 1996 he represented the Barbarians, playing against Australia at Twickenham. In 1997, he was selected for the British Lions tour to South Africa by Ian McGeechan. He played in six games, including starting against South Africa in the first and second tests.
During the 1999 Five Nations Championship, Townsend scored a try against every other country, becoming the first Scotsman since 1925 to achieve this feat. His efforts across all four games helped Scotland to claim the Championship for the first time since 1990. Later that year, he was selected for his first ever Rugby World Cup , where he played in every Scotland game. However, Scotland failed to progress past the quarter-finals after losing to New Zealand 30–18. He was again selected for Scotland's World Cup squad in 2003, and again played in every game. However, Scotland again did not progress past the quarter-finals, as they lost to hosts Australia 33–16. This was his last match playing for Scotland.
This is the nickname given to the reverse pass which Townsend gave to Gavin Hastings for Scotland to register a dramatic and famous last-minute 23–21 victory against France in Paris in 1995.
- Five / Six Nations Championship
- Calcutta Cup
- Winners: 2000
- Centenary Quaich
- Winners: 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2001
- South African test series
- Winners: 1997
On Townsend's return to Scotland, in 2005 he took up a player/coach role with Border Reivers which was where he started his coaching career. After the club disbanded in 2007, he started a Scotland mentoring program in which a number of former internationals gave specialized coaching to rising Scottish players. This included working with the top Scottish clubs, Edinburgh and Glasgow Warriors, and the age-grade national sides, while he also worked with the amateur/semi-pro clubs.
In October 2008, he was appointed as assistant coach for the Scotland A national side ahead of their matches in later that year. In January 2009, he was appointed backs coach for the national side, before becoming the national attack coach the following season.
During his tenure, he helped Scotland to their first win over Australia since 1982 and their first win over South Africa since 2002. He was their attack coach during the 2011 Rugby World Cup where Scotland failed to advance past the pool stage.
In his first season in charge, he maintained Glasgow's positioning in the play-offs of the Pro12, but as in the previous season under Lineen, Glasgow was knocked out by Leinster in the semi-finals. As Glasgow continued to build under Townsend, they made their first final appearance after beating Munster in the semi-finals 16–15. They faced Leinster in the final, only to lose 34–12. In Europe, they continued to struggle, finishing bottom of their pool for the second consecutive season.
The 2014–15 season not only saw Glasgow narrowly miss out on the knock-out stage of the European Rugby Champions Cup, with a loss to Bath in their final pool game, but they also made their second consecutive final in the Pro12. In that final, they defeated Munster 31–13 to claim their first ever Pro 12 title. During that season, Glasgow won all of their home games in the Pro 12, extending their unbeaten run at Scotstoun to 21 games. This unbeaten run came to an end when they were beaten by the Scarlets in the opening round of the 2015–16 Pro12 season. During the 2015–16, Glasgow failed to retain their title after they were knocked out by Connacht, who were later crowned champions, in the semi-finals.
The 2016–17 season would be Townsend's last at Glasgow, with the announcement of him taking charge of the Scottish national side in June 2017, replacing Vern Cotter when his contract expired. In that season, Glasgow failed to make the Pro 12 play-off's for the first time since the 2010–11 Celtic League season. Up until that point, they were the only club to have made all the play-offs under the current Pro 12 format. However, Glasgow did make the knockout stage of the 2016–17 European Rugby Champions Cup, only to fall against Saracens in the quarter-finals 38–13. This was the first Glasgow side to make the top tier competition play-off in Europe, since the 1997–98 Heineken Cup, though Glasgow did make the second tier competition knockout stage during the 2006–07 European Challenge Cup.
He left the club with a 62% win rate across all competitions, winning 91 games from the 147 games coached.
Townsend took over the head coach role for the Scotland national rugby team when the Warriors season finished in May 2017. On 8 May, Townsend named his first squad for Scotland's 2017 June tests. His first game in charge of Scotland was a 34–13 victory against Italy in Singapore, which was backed up by a first ever win in Sydney against Australia 24–19. However, their final test on tour, an away game to Fiji, saw Scotland narrowly lose to the Flying Fijians 27–22, to see Scotland lose to the Pacific nation for the first time since 1998, the last time they played in Suva. Townsend led Scotland to a successful Autumn Internationals campaign, defeating Samoa 44–38 and Australia 53–24, which was a record winning margin for Scotland over Australia. Scotland also came within moments of defeating New Zealand, losing 17–22. Had it not been for a try saving tackle in the dying seconds of the game from Beauden Barrett, the score could have been equalized ahead of a potential match winning conversion.
Despite much promise in their Autumn campaign, Scotland started Townsend's first Six Nations Championship with a 34–7 defeat to Wales. Scotland returned to winning ways in round 2, defeating France 32–26. In round 3, Townsend led Scotland to their first victory over England since 2010, winning 25–13, their largest winning victory over England in a Six Nations game. That victory meant they extended their home victories in the Championship out to 6, something they hadn't achieved since their home wins between the 1989 and 1991 Five Nations Championships. Despite creating chances against Ireland, Scotland were unable to come away with the victory, losing 28–8. In the final round, it came down to a last minute penalty from Greig Laidlaw to secure a 29–27 win over Italy, to finish third on the table, their highest positioning since 2013. The 2018 June tests saw a young and inexperienced side travel to the Americas. The first game ended in a 48–10 victory over Canada, however the second test saw the United States claim a 30–29 win to see them earn their first victory over Scotland and a Tier 1 nation in the professional era. Despite this, Scotland went on to claim a record victory over Argentina, winning 44–15.
Townsend's second Six Nations campaign started well with a convincing win over Italy by 33-20, with a hat-trick from Blair Kinghorn alongside tries to Stuart Hogg and Chris Harris. Scotland dominated the game until a surprising fight-back by Italy in the last 10 minutes saw the Azzurri score three times to set up a tense finish. A close-fought but chaotic loss to Ireland by 13-22 came the following week, with further losses to France (10-27) and eventual Grand Slam winners Wales (11-18) in the ensuing rounds. In the last game of the competition, Scotland faced England at home in Twickenham. The first half was almost entirely one-sided, with England racing out to a 31-0 lead in the first 30 minutes, until Stuart McInally scored a breakaway try off a charge-down from English captain Owen Farrell. The second half witnessed a stunning comeback by the Scots, with a flurry of tries to Darcy Graham, Magnus Bradbury, Finn Russell and Sam Johnson putting Scotland into the lead by 38-31 with 4 minutes to go before a last-gasp try to replacement English fly-half George Ford, who then converted to level the final score at 38-38. The drawn result allowed Scotland to retain the Calcutta Cup, and was both the highest-scoring draw and the highest-scoring comeback of any rugby match on record.
Record by opponentEdit
|Opponent||Played||Won||Drew||Lost||Win ratio (%)||Points for||Points against|
|*Correct as of March 30th 2020|
- Calcutta Cup
- Winners: 2018, 2019*, 2021 (*retained through a draw)
- Auld Alliance Trophy
- Winners: 2018, 2020, 2021
- Hopetoun Cup
- Winners: June 2017, November 2017
- Douglas Horn Trophy
- Winners: 2018
- Doddie Weir Cup
- Winners: 2020
Townsend received an MBE in 1999 for his services to rugby.
Townsend is an advocate for mental health, and has discussed times when he felt pressure and discomfort in his career.
- "Queen's Birthday Honours: The Full List". The Independent. 12 June 1999. Retrieved 12 June 2015.
- Talk of the Toony: The Autobiography of Gregor Townsend, by Gregor Townsend (Author), 2015
- Morrison, Iain (6 May 2007). "Borders legend Toony looks back on a career far less ordinary". The Scotsman. Retrieved 12 June 2015.
- "Scotland v France: Gregor Townsend recalls French sojourn". BBC Sport. BBC. 10 March 2016.
- "Townsend signs for Sharks". ESPN.com. 29 December 2003.
- "Townsend moves to Montpellier". ESPN scrum.
- Gregor Townsend Barbarians
- "Player Archive". British & Irish Lions.
- "Gregor Townsend". The Scotsman. 2 May 2002. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
- "Townsend quits Test rugby". BBC News. 15 December 2003.
- "Australians get morale booster against French Barbarians". ESPN scrum.
- "New Scotland A role for Townsend". BBC News. 29 October 2008.
- Reid, Alasdair (9 January 2009). "Gregor Townsend appointed Scotland's backs coach for RBS Six Nations" – via www.telegraph.co.uk.
- Reid, Alasdair (11 March 2012). "Gregor Townsend set to become Glasgow head coach as Sean Lineen takes Scotland role" – via www.telegraph.co.uk.
- "Glasgow Warriors: Finn Russell eyes longer stay". BBC News. 11 June 2015.
- "Gregor Townsend to become Scotland Head Coach in June 2017". SRU. 17 August 2016.
- "THREE UNCAPPED PLAYERS NAMED IN SCOTLAND SUMMER TOUR SQUAD".
- Mole, Giles (2 February 2019). "Blair Kinghorn scores a hat-trick of tries as Scotland make winning start to Six Nations campaign against Italy". The Telegraph.
- Twickenham, Michael Aylwin at (16 March 2019). "England salvage Six Nations draw after Scotland's spectacular comeback". The Guardian – via www.theguardian.com.
- Bath, Richard (17 March 2019). "Scotland riddled with regret despite historic six-try comeback". The Telegraph.
- Townsend sets date for retirement, BBC, 2 June 2006
- Townsend launches kids' summer camps, The Scotsman, 28 June 2006
- Gregor Townsend's Sporting Heroes Profile
- "Townsend admits Test career is over". The Scotsman. 2 May 2006.
- Townsend part Gregor groan, part Merlin (Telegraph, 9 March 2003)
| Scottish national rugby coach