BMO Field is an outdoor stadium located at Exhibition Place in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, which is home to Toronto FC of Major League Soccer and the Toronto Argonauts of the Canadian Football League. Constructed on the site of the former Exhibition Stadium and first opened in 2007, it is owned by the City of Toronto government, and managed by Maple Leaf Sports & Entertainment. The stadium's naming rights are held by the Bank of Montreal, which is commonly branded as "BMO" (//).
BMO Field in May 2016
|Address||170 Princes' Boulevard|
|Public transit|| Exhibition|
|Owner||City of Toronto government|
|Operator||Maple Leaf Sports & Entertainment|
(expandable to 40,000)
|Record attendance||40,148 (NHL Centennial Classic)|
|Field size||105 × 68 metres (115 x 74 yards) (soccer)|
134 × 59 metres (146 x 65 yards) (Canadian football)
|Broke ground||March 29, 2006|
|Opened||April 28, 2007|
|Construction cost||Can$62.9 million|
($75.3 million in 2018 dollars)
Can$120 million (2014–2016 renovation)
|Architect||Brisbin Brooks Beynon Architects (BBB Architects)|
|Project manager||PMX, Inc.|
|Structural engineer||Halcrow Yolles|
|Services engineer||The Mitchell Partnership Inc.|
|General contractor||PCL Construction|
|Toronto FC (MLS) (2007–present)|
Toronto Nationals (MLL) (2009)
Toronto Argonauts (CFL) (2016–present)
Toronto FC II (USL) (2018)
Canada men's national soccer team (2007–present)
BMO Field was originally constructed as a soccer-specific stadium to serve as the home field of the expansion Toronto FC, and hosted matches during the 2007 FIFA U-20 World Cup and 2014 FIFA U-20 Women's World Cup. In 2010, when it was still a neutral-site game, BMO Field hosted the MLS Cup. It has since hosted the 2016 and 2017 finals featuring Toronto FC, under the current practice of giving home field advantage to the side with the better regular season record. The venue has also hosted rugby union, including matches of Canada's national team, and rugby sevens during the 2015 Pan-American Games.
From 2014 to 2016, the stadium underwent a series of major renovations, which added an upper deck to the east grandstand, a roof over the seating areas and lengthened the field to make it suitable for hosting Canadian football. The latter allowed for the Toronto Argonauts to move to BMO Field beginning with the 2016 CFL season, which also saw the 104th Grey Cup played at the stadium.
BMO Field is the fifth stadium to be built at its exact location at Exhibition Place. The most recent was Exhibition Stadium, which lost its primary tenants, the Toronto Argonauts of the Canadian Football League and Toronto Blue Jays of Major League Baseball, with the opening in 1989 of the SkyDome (now Rogers Centre). Exhibition Stadium was demolished in 1999.
A number of proposals to build a stadium in Toronto were considered in the 2000s. The Argonauts submitted a proposal to the city to renovate Lamport Stadium and expand it to 19,000. In March 2003 the proposal was modified to constructing a new 22,000 seat stadium at Exhibition Place. That July the Canadian Soccer Association (CSA) announced separate plans for a 30,000 seat $82 million stadium at the site, to host the 2007 FIFA U-20 World Cup which it had bid on. The governments of Canada and Ontario agreed to provide a combined C$35 million in funding for a new stadium if the CSA was successful in acquiring the rights to the tournament. At the time, Maple Leaf Sports & Entertainment (MLSE), owners of the National Hockey League's Toronto Maple Leafs and the National Basketball Association's Toronto Raptors, was also looking for a stadium to host a new Major League Soccer (MLS) team they were considering launching. The league considered soccer-specific stadiums to be necessary for an expansion franchise to be granted, due to the improved atmosphere and control of revenue streams.
The Argonauts, CSA and MLSE agreed to partner to build a new 25,000-seat, $80 million Varsity Stadium at the University of Toronto. Aside from the committed government funding, $15 million was to come from the UofT, which would own the stadium, and a $30 million loan would be taken out by the University with the annual $2.1 million financing charges paid by the Argos. However, MLSE backed out of the stadium due to a lack of financial return, and the deal ultimately fell through in 2004 when the University's new President withdrew his support after its cost rose over $100 million.
Later that year, the Argos and CSA announced plans to build a 25,000-seat, $70 million stadium at York University, which would contribute the land and $15 million, with the Argos adding $20 million to the government funding. MLSE was not involved in this project. However, the Argos pulled out of the stadium after signing a new 15-year lease at Rogers Centre with significantly reduced rent.
In 2005, the stadium site was moved back to Exhibition Place, on the location of the demolished Exhibition Stadium and then-existing Sports Hall of Fame building, in a partnership between MLSE and the CSA. With a total costs of $62.9 million (all figures are in Canadian dollars) to build the stadium ($72.8 million including the land), financial contributions came from multiple sources. The Canadian Federal Government contributed $27 million, the Government of Ontario added an additional $8 million, and the City of Toronto paid $9.8 million and contributed the land for the project (valued at $10 million), while retaining ownership of the stadium. MLSE contributed $8 million towards construction costs and was responsible for any cost overruns. In return, they got the management rights for the stadium. MLSE committed to purchase a MLS soccer team to play in the stadium. The remaining funds came from MLSE, which paid $10 million for the naming rights of the stadium for the duration of the 20-year management agreement, which they later resold to the Bank of Montreal (BMO) for $27 million over the first 10 years.
The proposal approved by the City of Toronto was for a stadium that was "capable of a conversion to a football format." The Argonauts attempted to join the project at the last minute, but MLSE, citing budget and time limitations, constructed the stadium such that it could not fit a CFL field without demolition and reconstruction of the end zone stands.
The field of play dimensions are 74 yards (68 m) wide × 115 yards (105 m) long, meeting FIFA standards. The stadium features seats which are entirely red with the exception of a design on each of the main stands. On the east side, the design is a large maple leaf while on the lower west stand the design spells out "TORONTO", and has a portion of the Toronto FC logo. The south stand has "BMO" spelled out.
BMO Field originally used FieldTurf rather than a natural grass pitch, which attracted some criticism. A temporary grass turf was laid in August 2009 for a friendly against Real Madrid. Prior to the 2010 season Toronto City Council approved MLSE's request to convert the stadium to natural grass. MLSE paid the $3.5 million for the conversion, and promised to cover all additional costs to maintain the surface. A variety of Kentucky Bluegrass was installed in the spring of 2010, along with a state of the art drainage system and heating system in the field. MLSE spent a further $2 million to expand the north end by 1,400 seats for the 2010 season. As part of the deal to convert the field to natural grass, MLSE spent $1.2 million adding a winter bubble to Lamport Stadium and $800,000 building a new artificial turf field to replace the community use hours lost at BMO.
In November 2009, it became public that the Toronto Argonauts were in discussions with the City of Toronto over the possibility of moving from Rogers Centre to BMO Field, potentially as early as the 2010 CFL season. The CFL agreed to study the feasibility of the Argos playing at BMO Field, which was built too short to fit a full length Canadian football field despite the requirement that the stadium be convertible to CFL configuration in the original stadium agreement. According to Tom Anselmi, former executive vice-president and chief operating officer with MLSE, without significant renovations BMO Field could only fit a 100-yard field with 15-yard end zones or a 110-yard field with 10-yard end zones, which is 20 yards shorter than the standard 110-yard field and 20-yard end zones. On December 16, 2009, the Argonauts officially abandoned the idea, after the CFL concluded that the venue was not suitable for Canadian football in its current state.
Anselmi indicated in 2009 that a second level could be added to the east side stands and extra rows added to the south side stands, which would add an additional 8,400 seats, for approximately $15 million. Following Tim Leiweke taking over as president of MLSE in June 2013, he began discussing the company's plans for a major renovation of the stadium. In early January 2014, Leiweke said that next six months would be spent consulting with experts to determine the feasibility of the project.
As the stadium is owned by the City of Toronto, their consent is required for any modifications. The City insisted that any renovations included making the playing surface longer to fit a CFL field so it could house the Argonauts, who had to vacate their current home Rogers Centre by the end of 2017 season. Mark Grimes, Chairman of Exhibition Place's Board, began negotiating with MLSE on the project and said "I think I have Mr. Leiweke's ear in that I am a big CFL fan and that we need to get the Argos on stable ground." Deputy Mayor Norm Kelly said that "the Argos have got to play there" and that "I think there is a very good chance that they will." On February 25 Grimes said that a deal was "getting close" and could be reached "in the next couple weeks". Preliminary plans were released to the public on March 5.
In addition to making the field compatible for CFL games, the upgrades, which were originally budgeted for $115–120 million, added a new upper deck on the east side, raising capacity from 21,566 seats to 30,000 for soccer, with 26,500 seats in CFL configuration, and is temporarily expandable with additional end zone seating to 40,000 for big events such as the rugby sevens at the 2015 Pan-Am games, NHL outdoor games, Grey Cup, MLS Cup, possible 2028 Summer Olympics or later or a successful 2026 FIFA World Cup by Canada. The plans called for $30 million retractable end zone seating in the south and a retractable terrace in the north end to ensure that fans aren't farther from the playing surface in soccer configuration due to the longer CFL field, and a roof over most permanent seating areas. Leiweke promised that soccer playing surface will remain natural grass. A reinforced hybrid playing surface such as Desso GrassMaster, in which artificial fibres are embedded in the turf to allow for the grass roots to intertwine with them to strengthen the pitch, was originally under consideration, but concerns that this would complicate repairs to the pitch led MLSE to decide against it. A $1 million subsurface heating system and a $1 million artificial lighting system were installed to encourage grass growth, and MLSE secured an exemption to use pesticides on the field. Portions of the CFL end zones are artificial turf. Removable paint is used for lining the field to allow for the football lines to be removed prior to soccer games. As well, the field has two football goalpost configurations so that the same grass isn't relined every game. Under a two-phase construction process, the field was lengthened and the capacity of the stadium increased for $77 million by May 1, 2015, with the roof added by May 1, 2016 for $43 million.
Leiweke in the past had said that even without an expansion the stadium needed $30 million in repairs, and that the original agreement called for the city and MLSE to split that bill equally. Instead, MLSE looked for $10 million in public funding from each of the municipal, provincial, and federal governments to top up their $90 million contribution, plus any cost overruns, for the expansion. MLSE argued that the new stadium would result in $8 million in economic benefits, including taxes, accruing to the province annually, and $18 million in taxes on the construction project. The company has agreed to pay a fixed annual rental fee of $865,000 to the City for the upgraded stadium, rather than the variable revenue sharing model under the present agreement which returned an average of $397,000 to the city over the previous five years, to help ensure that the city recoups its investment. The new arrangement guaranteed the city $25.4 million, and with the projected $6 million in parking revenues the $31 million in revenue over the term of the lease would be $19 million more than under the former agreement. As manager of the stadium, MLSE gets any profit turned by the stadium, and is responsible for any losses. MLSE's management and naming rights agreement for the stadium, which was set to expire in 2027, were extended by 10 years under the proposal. The agreement requires MLSE to reach a "long-term use (i.e. 20 years)" lease with the Argos for usage of the stadium starting in 2015. The proposed renovations were unanimously approved by the Board of Governors of Exhibition Place on March 7, and the City of Toronto's Executive Committee gave their consent on March 19. The full City Council approved the deal on April 3, and the agreement is planned to be finalized by June 15. The Provincial Minister of Tourism and Culture Michael Chan said that MLSE has submitted a funding request and that "we are looking at it", while the Federal Infrastructure Minister Denis Lebel's spokesperson said that "the federal government has no program to fund professional sports facilities". A spokesperson for Lebel would later say "our government will not fund the BMO Field as long as it is used by a professional sports team". However, according to Leiweke, the federal funding "is not going to the stadium, their money is going to host big events." In another interview he said "the feds are giving us the resources to (temporarily) expand to 40,000 for our Grey Cup bids and Winter Classic bids".
By late May 2014, MLSE had not reached a financing agreement with either the federal or provincial governments to fill the $20 million funding gap. The fall of the government of Ontario, with an election scheduled for June 12, prevented them from approving their share of the funding. With deadlines approaching to start construction to ensure that the stadium was ready for the 2015 Pan-Am games, MLSE decided to move forward with the first phase of the renovation without first securing further funding commitments from the government. The revised plan proposed a $65 million addition of an upper east deck in the first phase, and $40 million addition of a canopy in the second phase. The lengthening of the field to make it CFL compatible and the infrastructure to allow for a temporary increase in seating capacity was postponed to a third phase costing $20–$25 million to be completed by May 1, 2017, pending a commitment by the governments or other parties to fund it and a usage agreement being reached with the Argos. MLSE agreed to pay the city an additional $160,000 annually for as long as phase 3 remains uncompleted to compensate the city for the envisioned parking revenues at Argos games. Leiweke pledged that if both levels of government funded the project "we're obligated to renovate the stadium for the CFL", but if the necessary conditions for phase three are not met by May 15, 2017, MLSE can pull out. The new proposal was approved by city council on June 12. It is thought that if the Liberals win the provincial election they will fund the project. The official groundbreaking took place on September 23. In April 2015, it was reported that the renovations were $10 million over budget due to pressure to meet deadlines, which MLSE is obligated to fund.
On May 20, 2015, it was announced that two of the three ownership partners of MLSE, Bell Canada and Larry Tanenbaum's Kilmer Group, had acquired an ownership stake in the Argos, with the deal to close at the end of the year, and would move the team to BMO Field for the 2016 season. The new ownership group for the Argos committed $10 million to the conversion costs for BMO Field, with MLSE matching this to fill the $20 million funding gap. Part of the agreement would see two Grey Cups played at the newly renovated BMO Field. The renovations for the Argonauts added a state-of-the-art 10,000 sq ft (930 m2) dressing room. In February 2016 it was announced that BMO had extended its naming rights sponsorship agreement for an additional ten years. The renovation ended up costing $150 million in total. At the reopening ceremony it was announced that the province of Ontario had contributed $10 million to the financing. After the renovations, the field for configuration for football has only 18 yard end zones (instead of the standard 20 yards) due to space constraints and the necessity of a safety zone for players beyond the field of play.
In August 2017, Toronto FC II, which hosted their games at the Ontario Soccer Centre their first three seasons, announced that it would move its home games to BMO Field and Lamport Stadium beginning with the 2018 season. However, with their drop to the division 3 USL League One for the 2019 season, the team moved their home games to BMO Training Ground.
Toronto FC played their first game at BMO Field on April 28, 2007. The grand opening celebration took place on May 12, 2007. On July 18, 2009, BMO Field had its first alcohol suspension, due to an incident that occurred on May 21, 2008, regarding alcohol consumption by a minor.
BMO Field has hosted several MLS Cups, and was the first venue outside of the United States to host the event in 2010, featuring the Colorado Rapids defeating FC Dallas 2–1. The first MLS home playoff game held at BMO Field saw Toronto FC defeat the Philadelphia Union 3–1 on October 26, 2016. BMO Field hosted the MLS Cup again in 2016, as Toronto FC won the MLS Eastern Championship and hosted the Seattle Sounders in the final; Seattle won the match 5–4 on penalties following a goalless draw after extra time.
On December 9, 2017, BMO Field hosted its second consecutive MLS Cup in 2017: a rematch between Toronto FC and the Seattle Sounders from the previous edition. This time, Toronto FC defeated Seattle 2–0, and became the first MLS team to complete a domestic treble with their win, as well as the first Canadian team to win the MLS Cup.
2007 FIFA U-20 World CupEdit
BMO Field hosted the 2007 FIFA U-20 World Cup, the first major tournament held at the stadium. The stadium saw the Canadian Under-20 squad once. The stadium also saw six knockout stage games including the Final; which was won by Argentina. Due to FIFA sponsorship regulations, the venue was referred to as the "National Soccer Stadium" during the event.
|Date||Team #1||Result||Team #2||Round||Attendance|
|July 1, 2007||Canada||0–3||Chile||Group A||20,195|
|July 2, 2007||Portugal||2–0||New Zealand||Group C||19,526|
|July 5, 2007||New Zealand||0–1||Gambia|
|July 8, 2007||Chile||0–0||Austria||Group A|
|July 11, 2007||United States||2–1 (AET)||Uruguay||Round of 16|
|July 12, 2007||Argentina||3–1||Poland|
|July 14, 2007||Austria||2–1||United States||Quarterfinal|
|July 19, 2007||Chile||0–3||Argentina||Semifinal|
|July 22, 2007||Chile||1–0||Austria||3rd Place Match|
2014 FIFA U-20 Women's World CupEdit
BMO Field hosted the 2014 FIFA U-20 Women's World Cup. Canada played in Toronto for the first two match days, with Korea DPR, Finland, and Ghana in their group. National Soccer Stadium also hosted a quarterfinal match on August 16.
|Date||Team #1||Result||Team #2||Round||Attendance|
|August 5, 2014||Canada||0–1||Ghana||Group A||20,195|
|August 8, 2014||Canada||3–2||Finland|
|August 13, 2014||South Korea||2–1||Mexico||Group C|
|Costa Rica||0–3||New Zealand||Group D|
|August 16, 2014||North Korea||1–1 (3–1 on penalties)||United States||Quarterfinal|
|Date||Team #1||Result||Team #2||Round||Attendance|
|July 14, 2015||Jamaica||1–0||El Salvador||Group B||16,674|
With the Argonauts moving to the renovated BMO Field beginning with the 2016 season, the team was awarded on October 1, 2015 the right to host the 104th Grey Cup at the stadium on November 27, 2016. On June 11, 2016, the Argonauts played their first game at the stadium, a preseason (exhibition) game; the Argos defeated the Hamilton Tiger-Cats 25–16. On June 23, the Argos played their first regular season game at BMO Field; the Ti-Cats defeated the Argos 42–20. Due to the position of the stands, each end zone is only 18 yards deep rather than the standard 20 in Canadian football.
During the 2015 Pan American Games, BMO Field hosted the rugby sevens competition (soccer events took place at Tim Hortons Field in Hamilton). Due to PASO sponsorship regulations, the venue was referred to as "Exhibition Stadium" during the event.
|August 6, 2011||United States||22-28||Canada||10,621|
|June 15, 2012||Italy||25-16||Canada||12,220|
|June 15, 2013||Ireland||40-14||Canada||20,396|
|August 24, 2013||United States||11-13||Canada||10,207|
|November 3, 2013||Māori All Blacks||40–15||Canada||22,566|
|June 14, 2014||Scotland||19-17||Canada||-|
|July 29, 2015||Samoa||21-20||Canada||11,200|
On January 1, 2017, BMO Field hosted an NHL outdoor game, the NHL Centennial Classic, in honour of the Toronto Maple Leafs' and the NHL's centennial seasons. The Leafs hosted the Detroit Red Wings, in a rematch of the 2014 NHL Winter Classic held three years prior. The venue was referred to as "Exhibition Stadium" for its duration, as Scotiabank (a direct competitor to BMO), was title sponsor of the event.
|Date||Away team||Result||Home team||Spectators|
|December 31, 2016||Detroit Red Wings Alumni||4–3||Toronto Maple Leafs Alumni||–|
|January 1, 2017||Detroit Red Wings||4–5||Toronto Maple Leafs||40,148|
The only music concert thus far at BMO Field was performed by the progressive rock group Genesis on September 7, 2007.
The first goal at BMO Field was scored by Eddie Johnson for the Kansas City Wizards in a 1–0 Major League Soccer win over home side Toronto FC in the stadium opener on April 28, 2007. The first Toronto FC goal at the stadium was Danny Dichio's first-half strike against Chicago Fire on May 12, 2007 (also his club's first MLS goal).
The first goal at BMO Field scored by a Canadian came at the official opening on May 11, 2007, in a U-20 friendly between Canada and Argentina. David Edgar scored a penalty in a 2–1 defeat for Canada, just four minutes after Gómez had scored the first international goal at the stadium.
Costa Rica's Víctor Núñez scored the first senior international goal in a 1–1 friendly draw with hosts Canada on September 12, 2007, shortly before Dwayne De Rosario scored Canada's first senior goal at the stadium.
The first Toronto FC goal scored by a Canadian at BMO Field was in a June 25, 2007 friendly against Aston Villa of the English Premier League. Andrea Lombardo scored an equalizer at BMO Field's south end to make it 2–2 before Aston Villa ran out 4–2 winners. The first league goal at BMO Field scored by a Canadian came when Miguel Cañizalez scored for Toronto FC in the second minute of their 2–1 defeat to the Columbus Crew on September 22, 2007, snapping an 824-minute MLS goalless streak.
The first Toronto FC MLS playoff goal was scored at BMO Field in the 15th minute by Sebastian Giovinco on October 26, 2016 in front of 21,759. In the same game, the first Toronto FC playoff goal scored by a Canadian was by Jonathan Osorio in the 48th minute; the final score was 3–1 over the Philadelphia Union.
In Canadian football, the first CFL points scored at BMO Field was a Toronto Argonauts completed touchdown pass caught by Vidal Hazelton, thrown by Logan Kilgore, in a June 11, 2016 exhibition Argos win; final score 25–16. The first CFL regular season points scored at the stadium was a conceded safety touch of 2 points by Canadian Argos kicker/punter Lirim Hajrullahu in a 20–42 loss on June 23. The first regular season points scored by the Argos at BMO Field was a successful field goal kicked by Hajrullahu in the same game. On July 25, the Argonauts won their first regular season game at their new home, defeating the Montreal Alouettes 30–17.
The largest attendance for any event at the stadium was recorded on January 1, 2017, when the Toronto Maple Leafs hosted the Detroit Red Wings in the NHL Centennial Classic in front of 40,148 people. The largest attendance for a Major League Soccer game was on December 10, 2016, when Toronto FC hosted the Seattle Sounders FC in the 2016 MLS Cup Final in front of 36,045. The largest attendance for a Canadian Football League game was the 104th Grey Cup played before 33,421 on November 27, 2016. For all three games, which were played within five weeks of each other, the stadium was expanded beyond its permanent capacity.
The largest crowd for rugby at BMO Field and in Canada occurred when the Canada national rugby union team hosted the New Zealand Māori All Blacks before 22,566 people on November 3, 2013. The Maori All Blacks won the match 40–15.
- Kevin, McGran (January 1, 2017). "Overtime in Centennial Classic? Naturally". Toronto Star. Retrieved June 23, 2018.
- "Game Summary". National Hockey League. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
- "Game HQ". ESPN. Retrieved January 1, 2017.
- "Toronto's BMO Field undergoes transformation into a hybrid playing surface". Lethbridge News Now. Canadian Press. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
- "Work Begins on Toronto Soccer Stadium". Guelph Mercury. March 9, 2006.
- Canadian inflation numbers based on Statistics Canada tables 18-10-0005-01 (formerly CANSIM 326-0021) "Consumer Price Index, annual average, not seasonally adjusted". Statistics Canada. January 18, 2019. Retrieved March 6, 2019. and 18-10-0004-13 "Consumer Price Index by product group, monthly, percentage change, not seasonally adjusted, Canada, provinces, Whitehorse, Yellowknife and Iqaluit". Statistics Canada. Retrieved March 6, 2019.
- "Projects". PMX Inc. February 26, 2013. Archived from the original on November 26, 2013. Retrieved September 10, 2013.
- "National Soccer Stadium at Exhibition Place". PCL Construction. Archived from the original on October 16, 2006. Retrieved April 20, 2012.
- "BMO Field". The Mitchell Partnership. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 25, 2018. Retrieved September 10, 2013.
- "TSN". tsn.ca. Retrieved September 20, 2013.
- "Argos, U of T look at Lamport". The Globe and Mail. April 12, 2001. Retrieved June 3, 2018.
- "Soccer Stadium at Exhibition Place" (PDF). City of Toronto. October 2005. Retrieved January 8, 2014.
- "CSA Releases Details On Proposed National Soccer Stadium". Canadian Soccer Association. July 21, 2003. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
- "New stadium for Argos, Canadian soccer". CBC News. May 21, 2004. Retrieved January 8, 2014.
- Lefko, Perry (November 4, 2004). "Brick by brick". Toronto Sun. Retrieved January 7, 2014.
- Lefko, Perry (October 1, 2004). "Sun sets on Varsity". Toronto Sun. Retrieved January 8, 2014.
- "Plan for Toronto football stadium crumbles". CBC News. September 30, 2004. Retrieved January 8, 2014.
- Fitz-Gerald, Sean (June 19, 2014). "Argos need to find a permanent home". National Post. Retrieved March 8, 2014.[dead link]
- "A new stadium for York". York University. October 19, 2004. Retrieved January 8, 2014.
- Byers, Jim (October 14, 2004). "Ex feels jilted by Argos; City's phone calls to CFL team go unanswered Sources say club to announce York as its new home". Toronto Star.
- Koreen, Mike (May 3, 2005). "Argos run a reverse". Toronto Sun. Retrieved January 8, 2014.
- "BMO Field, MLSE delivers financial return to City of Toronto". Retrieved February 23, 2011.
- "Soccer Stadium at Exhibition Place" (PDF). City of Toronto. October 2005. Retrieved October 1, 2013.
- "Improvements to BMO Field at Exhibition Place" (PDF). Exhibition Place. March 6, 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 9, 2014. Retrieved March 8, 2014.
- "Toronto city council approves soccer stadium deal". CBC News. October 27, 2005. Retrieved October 1, 2013.
- Sandor, Steven (June 3, 2009). "Grass at BMO remains a contentious issue". Toronto Sun.
- "BMO Field to be Home for Toronto FC and Canada's National Soccer Teams". Retrieved December 2, 2009.
- "Real Salt Lake negotiating deal for stadium name rights". Retrieved December 2, 2009.
- Naylor, David (August 13, 2008). "BMO built with football in mind". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved January 8, 2014.
- Peddie, Richard (2013). Dream Job. HarperCollins.
- Brunt, Stephen (December 7, 2006). "No room for Argos at new soccer stadium". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved May 17, 2014.
- "BMO Field". Toronto FC. Archived from the original on May 11, 2011. Retrieved May 30, 2011.
- "Don't use artificial grass in Toronto FC stadium: players". globeandmail.com. Retrieved February 12, 2007.[dead link]
- "Council approves grass at BMO Field". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. Archived from the original on October 4, 2009.
- "Real Madrid too powerful for Toronto FC". CBC News. August 7, 2009.
- "Grass Installation Underway". Toronto FC. March 29, 2010. Retrieved October 1, 2013.
- "Beckham hopes to play against DC". BBC News. August 10, 2007. Retrieved August 9, 2007.
- "Saputo Stadium to Host Canada's World Cup Qualifier". tsn.ca. Retrieved April 22, 2008.
- "North End Expansion Of BMO Field". Toronto FC. March 18, 2010. Retrieved November 23, 2013.
- "Additional Seating at BMO Field at Exhibition Place" (PDF). City of Toronto. December 9, 2009. Retrieved November 23, 2013.
- "Grass at BMO Field Attains Final Approval". Major League Soccer. January 23, 2010. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
- "Argos to leave Rogers Centre?". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. November 26, 2009. Archived from the original on November 30, 2009. Retrieved December 2, 2009.
- "CFL to study new venue for Argos". CBC News. November 28, 2009. Archived from the original on December 2, 2009. Retrieved December 2, 2009.
- "Argos Not Banking On BMO Just Yet". Retrieved December 2, 2009.[dead link]
- "Statement Regarding CFL Feasibility Study on BMO Field". Archived from the original on December 20, 2009. Retrieved December 16, 2009.
- Girard, Daniel (March 18, 2009). "MLSE spies big BMO Field expansion". Toronto Star. Retrieved March 18, 2009.
- Shoalts, David (January 29, 2014). "MLSE outlines plans for stadium renovation, with eye on NFL team". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved February 2, 2014.
- "MLSE looking at $100M roof for BMO Field". CBC News. September 28, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013.
- Dale, Daniel (January 19, 2014). "MLSE's Leiweke: Taxpayers would be paid back for BMO Field expansion". Toronto Star.
- Molinaro, John (January 9, 2014). "Leiweke soothes TFC fan worries over BMO expansion". Sportsnet. Retrieved January 12, 2014.
- Moloney, Paul (March 19, 2014). "BMO Field upgrade endorsed". Toronto Star. Retrieved March 19, 2014.
- "MLSE: City pushing to move Argos to BMO Field". Toronto Star. March 7, 2014. Retrieved March 8, 2014.
- "Renovation and Expansion of BMO Field" (PDF). City of Toronto. March 5, 2014. Retrieved March 15, 2014.
- Tepper, Sean (March 14, 2014). "MLSE wants $10 million from Toronto for BMO Field makeover". Toronto Star. Retrieved March 16, 2014.
- Larson, Kurtis (March 16, 2014). "MLSE plans to spend big bucks to upgrade BMO Field". Toronto Sun. Retrieved March 16, 2014.
- Kenter, Peter (February 6, 2014). "More steel in store for BMO Field if roof over seats built". Archived from the original on February 9, 2014. Retrieved February 6, 2014.
- Peat, Dan (March 14, 2014). "Norm Kelly wants city to advance MLSE $10 million for BMO improvements". Toronto Sun. Retrieved March 16, 2014.
- Peat, Don (February 25, 2014). "City, MLSE close on BMO Field expansion: Councillor". Toronto Sun. Retrieved March 1, 2014.
- "BMO Field – Public Meeting" (PDF). Maple Leaf Sports & Entertainment. March 5, 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 9, 2014. Retrieved March 8, 2014.
- Larson, Kurtis (March 6, 2014). "Is this the future of BMO Field?". Toronto Sun. Retrieved March 8, 2014.
- "Proposal for Expansion of Stadium at Exhibition Place" (PDF). March 10, 2014. Retrieved March 15, 2014.
- "Toronto could host Winter Classic in 2017". Sportsnet. December 31, 2013. Retrieved January 3, 2014.
- Larson, Kurtis (May 20, 2015). "MLSE boss Tim Leiweke says BMO Field will remain an excellent venue for Toronto FC following Argos' move". Toronto Sun. Retrieved May 20, 2015.
- Davidson, Neil (April 6, 2016). "Toronto FC groundskeeper not worried about sharing BMO Field with Argos". Toronto Star. Retrieved April 10, 2016.
- Desa, Devang (February 5, 2016). "Protecting The Pitch At BMO Field". Toronto FC. Retrieved February 5, 2016.
- Larson, Kurtis (February 5, 2016). "BMO Field's grass guys feeling the pressure". Retrieved February 5, 2016.
- Armstrong, Laura (May 7, 2016). "TFC groundskeeper at BMO Field on the hot seat". Toronto Star. Retrieved May 7, 2016.
- Lankhof, Bill (May 20, 2015). "Newly sold Argos moving to BMO Field in 2016". Toronto Sun. Retrieved May 20, 2015.
- "BMO Field gets another facelift as TFC, Argos prepare to share stadium". CP24. April 5, 2016. Retrieved April 10, 2016.
- Larson, Kurtis (May 7, 2015). "Argonauts still an afterthought at BMO Field". Toronto Sun. Retrieved May 8, 2015.
- Kelly, Cathal (March 22, 2014). "MLSE boss Tim Leiweke calls Rob Ford out over BMO Field opposition". Toronto Star. Retrieved March 29, 2014.
- Peat, Dan (March 12, 2014). "Mayor Rob Ford's pay freeze request goes to executive committee". Toronto Sun. Retrieved March 16, 2014.
- Shoalts, David (April 3, 2014). "Time is short for BMO Field funds, MLSE's Leiweke warns". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved April 4, 2014.
- Kelly, Cathal; Curry, Bill (May 27, 2014). "Argos on the outs in BMO Field dispute between MLSE and federal government". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved May 27, 2014.
- James, Royson (March 25, 2014). "BMO Field plan is worth a look: James". Toronto Star.
- "Renovation and Expansion of BMO Field". City of Toronto. Retrieved March 15, 2014.
- "Executive committee votes in favour of contributing $10M to BMO Field expansion". CP24. March 19, 2014. Retrieved March 19, 2014.
- Moloney, Paul (April 3, 2014). "BMO Field expansion funding approved by city council". Toronto Star. Retrieved April 3, 2014.
- Peat, Don (April 3, 2014). "BMO Field expansion approved by council". Toronto Sun. Retrieved April 3, 2014.
- Babbage, Maria (March 24, 2014). "Critics urge Liberals to stop giving MLSE taxpayer dollars". CP24. Retrieved March 29, 2014.
- Ralph, Dan (May 27, 2014). "MLSE boss Leiweke said organization not closing door on Argos at BMO Field". Yahoo! Sports. Archived from the original on May 28, 2014. Retrieved May 27, 2014.
- Lawarson, Kurtis (May 28, 2014). "Argos to BMO Field being sacked?". Toronto Sun. Retrieved June 3, 2014.
- "Revised Project Phasing for Renovation and Expansion of BMO Field" (PDF). City of Toronto. June 6, 2014. Retrieved June 11, 2014.
- "BMO Field Expansion". BMO Field. Archived from the original on November 26, 2014. Retrieved October 11, 2014.
- "Draft Amended and Restated Letter of Intent from Maple Leaf Sports and Entertainment Ltd" (PDF). City of Toronto. June 2014. Retrieved June 11, 2014.
- Dale, Daniel (May 27, 2014). "Argonauts' move to BMO Field 'on hold,' MLSE says". Toronto Star. Retrieved May 27, 2014.
- Grange, Michael (September 16, 2014). "Pity Toronto as it allows storied Argos to vanish". Sportsnet. Retrieved October 11, 2014.
- Larson, Kurtis (September 18, 2014). "Leiweke sets record straight on TFC issues". Toronto Sun. Retrieved October 11, 2014.
- "Tracking Status". City of Toronto. June 10, 2014. Retrieved June 11, 2014.
- "BMO Field Renovation Officially Underway". Toronto FC. September 23, 2014. Retrieved October 11, 2014.
- "BMO Field expansion construction begins". Global News. September 23, 2014. Retrieved October 11, 2014.
- "Clock ticking on CFL conversion at BMO Field". The Sports Network. April 10, 2015. Retrieved April 10, 2015.
- "Bell Canada and Kilmer Group to acquire Argonauts". Toronto Argonauts. May 20, 2015. Archived from the original on May 22, 2015. Retrieved May 20, 2015.
- "Van Zeyl: Argos can flourish at BMO Field". Hamilton Spectator. April 7, 2016. Retrieved May 7, 2016.
- Pagliaro, Jennifer (April 23, 2015). "Argos' fate rests on talks with mystery group". Toronto Star. Retrieved April 23, 2015.
- Yuen, Jenny (April 23, 2015). "New owner could help Argos land new home". Toronto Sun. Retrieved April 23, 2015.
- "BMO and MLSE Announce 10-Year Naming Rights Renewal For BMO Field". Toronto FC. February 22, 2016. Retrieved February 22, 2016.
- "Ontario Partnering with City of Toronto to Support BMO Field Expansion". Government of Ontario. May 6, 2016. Retrieved May 6, 2016.
- "Argos finally find a home in BMO Field". The Sports Network. June 10, 2016. Retrieved June 12, 2016.
- "Argos top Ticats in first game at BMO Field". The Sports Network. June 11, 2016. Retrieved June 12, 2016.
- "BMO Field undergoes transformation into hybrid playing surface". Sportsnet. April 11, 2019. Retrieved April 13, 2019.
- Kelly, Tim (August 29, 2017). "TFC II leaving Vaughan for Toronto after 3-season run; stadium size at issue". Vaughan Citizen. Retrieved September 5, 2017.
- "Toronto FC II 2019 USL League One Regular Season Schedule Announced". Toronto FC. December 10, 2018. Retrieved January 6, 2019.
- "United 2026 bid book" (PDF). united2026.com. Retrieved April 30, 2018.
- http://www.mlssoccer.com/news/article/toronto-fc-kick-inaugural-season-california. Missing or empty
- "Argentine star Tevez moving his act across town to Manchester City". Toronto Star. July 14, 2009. Retrieved July 15, 2009.
- Couch, Ben (October 26, 2016). "Recap: Toronto FC vs. Philadelphia Union 10/26/2016". MLSSoccer.com. Retrieved October 27, 2016.
- "Seattle Sounders beat Toronto FC on penalties to win 2016 MLS Cup". ESPN FC. December 10, 2016. Retrieved December 11, 2016.
- "Recap: Toronto FC vs Seattle Sounders". mlssoccer.com. December 9, 2017. Retrieved December 9, 2017.
- Olympiacos victorious in opening ICC Contest Archived July 27, 2014, at the Wayback Machine ICC.com July 25, 2014 Retrieved July 26, 2014
- "104th Grey Cup Presented By Shaw coming to Toronto in 2016". Toronto Argonauts. October 1, 2015. Archived from the original on October 3, 2015. Retrieved October 1, 2015.
- "2016-06-11 – Hamilton Tiger-Cats vs. Toronto Argonauts (2268)". CFL.ca. June 11, 2016. Retrieved June 12, 2016.
- "2016-06-23 – Hamilton Tiger-Cats vs. Toronto Argonauts (2276)". CFL.ca. June 23, 2016. Retrieved June 28, 2016.
- "Events-Rugby Canada". Events.rugbycanada.ca. Archived from the original on June 21, 2013. Retrieved September 10, 2013.
- "Events-Rugby Canada". Events.rugbycanada.ca. Retrieved September 10, 2013.[permanent dead link]
- "Canadian rugby team to face New Zealand Maori in Toronto". TSN.ca. May 31, 2013. Retrieved September 10, 2013.
- "Rugby Sevens". Toronto 2015. Archived from the original on March 31, 2013. Retrieved September 10, 2013.
- Davidson, Neil (May 1, 2017). "Toronto Wolfpack cross the Atlantic for rugby league home opener this weekend". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved May 1, 2017.
- "Detroit Red Wings, Maple Leafs set to play outdoor Centennial Classic". Detroit Free Press. Gannett. March 9, 2016. Retrieved March 10, 2016.
- "Limited number of Centennial Classic tickets on sale". NHL.com (Press release). Toronto and New York. November 18, 2016. Retrieved November 19, 2016.
- "2016-07-25 – Montreal Alouettes vs. Toronto Argonauts (2295)". CFL.ca. July 25, 2016. Retrieved July 31, 2016.
- "Toronto FC 0 (4), Seattle Sounders 0 (5) 2016 MLS Cup Final Recap". mlssoccer.com. December 10, 2016. Retrieved December 11, 2016.
- "Red, Black & Grey: Ottawa captures first Championship in 40 years". CFL.ca. November 27, 2016. Retrieved November 27, 2016.
- "Centennial Classic: Nostalgia Not Going Anywhere". thehockeywriters.com. January 1, 2017. Retrieved January 1, 2017.
- "Rugby Canada (Design, Hosting, Registration & Administration tools by esportsdeskpro.com)". Rugbycanada.ca. Retrieved March 24, 2014.[permanent dead link]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to BMO Field.|
- Argonauts BMO Field Site
- BMO Field Construction Photos
- Video Tour of BMO Field
- Cathal Kelly. "FC or TFC ... the fans will decide". Toronto Star, April 5, 2007.
|Events and tenants|
| Home of
| FIFA U-20 World Cup
Cairo International Stadium
| Home of
| Home of
| Host of the
Home Depot Center
Investors Group Field
| Host of the
TD Place Stadium