Jamaica national football team
The Jamaica national football team is controlled by the Jamaica Football Federation (JFF), the governing body for football in Jamaica. A member of CFU and CONCACAF, Jamaica has won the Caribbean Cup six times, with their latest win being the 2014 Caribbean Cup when they beat Trinidad and Tobago in the final. Jamaica finished as the runner-up in the 2015 and 2017 editions of the CONCACAF Gold Cup, which was their best performance in the competition; losing to Mexico and USA.
|Association||Jamaica Football Federation|
|Confederation||CONCACAF (North America)|
|Head coach||Theodore Whitmore|
|Most caps||Ian Goodison (128)|
|Top scorer||Luton Shelton (35)|
|Home stadium||Independence Park|
|Current||54 (20 December 2018)|
|Highest||27 (August 1998)|
|Lowest||116 (October 2008)|
|Current||64 5 (9 January 2019)|
|Highest||38 (9 February 1998)|
|Lowest||126 (29 April 1984)|
| Haiti 1–2 Jamaica |
(Port-au-Prince, Haiti; 22 March 1925)
| Jamaica 12–0 British Virgin Islands |
(Grand Cayman, Cayman Isls.; 4 March 1994)
Jamaica 12–0 Saint Martin
(Kingston, Jamaica; 24 November 2004)
| Costa Rica 9–0 Jamaica |
(San José, Costa Rica; 24 February 1999)
|Appearances||1 (first in 1998)|
|Best result||Group stage, 1998|
& Gold Cup
|Appearances||11 (first in 1963)|
|Best result||Runners-up, 2015 and 2017|
|Appearances||2 (first in 2015)|
|Best result||Group Stage, 2015 and 2016|
Jamaica qualified once for the FIFA World Cup, in 1998. It is, along with the United States, Honduras, Canada and Costa Rica, one of the rare teams from the CONCACAF region to draw against Mexico in the Estadio Azteca in a World Cup qualifier match.
Early 20th centuryEdit
Jamaica's first international appearance was against their Caribbean neighbours Haiti in 1925. They were invited to the French-speaking Caribbean island by Andre Chevalon, president of the United Sporting Society and it was for a three-match series between the 2 countries. Jamaica won all three games by 1–0, 2–1 and 3–0. The following year Jamaica hosted Haiti at Sabina Park and won by 6–0. Haiti remained frequent opponents and it was not until 1932 that their run of defeats was broken with a 4–1 home win in Port-au-Prince.
Between 1925 and when Jamaica gained its independence in 1962, Jamaica had regular games with Trinidad and Tobago, Haiti, Cuba and clubs like Racing and Violette from Haiti, Corinthians of Britain, Tigres from Argentina, and even a series of matches with a Caribbean All Stars team in 1952. The Caribbean All Star team included such notables as Michael (The Ruin) Kruin from Suriname and also representing Jamaica were Lindy Delapenha and Gillie Heron. The four games were shared equally with Jamaica winning the second 2–1 and the fourth 1–0 and the All Stars winning the first 5–1 and the third 1–0.
Those friendly international games were the start of Jamaica's football journey with most of the home matches being played at Sabina Park. Many clubs were established during this time including Kensington, Melbourne, Kingston, Lucas and St. George's Old Boys, thus providing the talent Jamaica needed at the times.
Post independence (1962)Edit
In 1965, under the leadership of Brazilian coach Jorge Penna, Jamaica made its first attempt at World Cup qualifying. This was for the 1966 World Cup finals in England. The preliminary group included Cuba and the Netherlands Antilles. Jamaica's first game was against Cuba which they won 2–0 at Jamaica's National Stadium. In the qualifying match against the Netherlands Antilles, Jamaica also had a 2–0 victory with both goals coming.
In the away games Jamaica was held to a goalless draw with the Netherlands Antilles and suffered an unexpected 2–1 defeat to Cuba. Jamaica then advanced to the final group of 3 which included Costa Rica and Mexico. The winner in this group would represent the CONCACAF region. Jamaica lost at home to Mexico 3–2 and in the return leg in Mexico City, the high altitude proved too much for the Jamaicans and they were defeated 8–0.
In 1968, coach George Hamilton took leadership as Jamaica made an attempt to qualify for the 1970 World Cup Finals in Mexico. Jamaica had only a couple remaining players from the previous World Cup team and had to rebuild because most of the players had retired or migrated to North America and England.
Jamaica lost all of their qualifying games in that year. Jamaica's participation in the 1973 CONCACAF Championship qualification elimination saw the suspension of 17 players on the team because of poor behaviour on a tour to Bermuda. Jamaica withdrew from the elimination to restructure their team. For the 1978 FIFA World Cup qualifying, Jamaica was eliminated by Cuba after two losses (3–1 at the National Stadium and then 2–0 in Havana).
Jamaica did not participate in the qualifyings for the 1982 and 1986 World Cups, in the former due to insufficient funds and a poorly prepared team, and the later because the team was suspended for affiliation fees that were due to FIFA.
For the 1989 CONCACAF Championship qualification qualifying with coach Geoffrey Maxwell, Jamaica won both preliminary games against Puerto Rico 1–0 in Jamaica and 2–0 at Puerto Rico. In the next round, the United States were their next opponents and the first leg was a goalless draw. Jamaica lost the return leg in the US 5–1, ending their qualifying attempt.
In qualification for the 1994 World Cup, Jamaica first beat Puerto Rico 2–1 and was then was put in a group with Bermuda, Canada, and El Salvador, from which two teams would advance to the final round. Jamaica tied 1–1 with Canada and Bermuda and then lost 2–0 to El Salvador, 1–0 to Canada, 2–1 to El Salvador. Jamaica then beat Bermuda 3–2 but did not qualify.
In 1994, Brazilian manager René Simões was hired, along with National coach Carl Brown, with the goal of qualifying for the 1998 FIFA World Cup. Simões searched for players – discovering some working at hotels, British players of Jamaican descent, and Jamaicans who played in English clubs – and funding. The Jamaican team became a "Powerhouse" in the Caribbean region and received "Best Mover" award by FIFA in 1996. Jamaica made history in 1997 becoming the first English-speaking Caribbean country to qualify for a World Cup.
In the 1998 World Cup, Jamaica ended up in Group H, along with Argentina, Croatia, and Japan. Their first game was a 3–1 defeat to Croatia in Lens, with Robbie Earle scoring Jamaica's goal. It was followed by a 5–0 defeat to Argentina at Paris' Parc des Princes. Jamaica ended its participation with a 2–1 victory over Japan in Lyon, with Theodore Whitmore scoring both goals. The team finished 22nd out of the 32 teams.
In the 2002 World Cup Qualification, Jamaica finished 5th overall at the CONCACAF's final round.
The squad struggled in 2006 and 2007, leading some Jamaicans to dub them The Reggae Toyz. The team did not make it past the first stage of 2007 Caribbean Cup qualifying despite hosting the round, eliminating Jamaica from the 2007 CONCACAF Gold Cup. The team also fell during the second round of the 2006 World Cup qualification.
Theodore Whitmore lead the team to impressive victories over El Salvador and Guatemala in the latter part of 2007. However, with the return of former coach Renê Simões (who led Jamaica to the 1998 World Cup), there was heavy optimism in the Reggae Boyz camps. Jamaica started their Road To South Africa 2010 campaign in fine form beating Bahamas 7–0 at home, 6–0 away. They then fought to a hard 1–1 draw with Canada but lost to Mexico and Honduras due to what was considered poor team selection from Renê Simões, which then in turn led to his firing.
Jamaica announced that Jamaica-born John Barnes would take over as manager in November 2008, with former Reggae Boy Theodore Whitmore leading the team in the interim. Jamaica were at the bottom of Group 2 in the 3rd round, but high performances saw them move up in the table. The team battled hard to 1–0 victories over Mexico and Honduras. However, the Boyz fell just short of advancing to the final round.
They managed an impressive 3–0 victory over Canada in their final third round match but failed to move on as Mexico advanced on goal difference after a 1–0 loss to Honduras. After this Theodore Whitmore decided to begin early preparation for the 2014 FIFA World Cup. They vowed to play at least one friendly a month. The squad held South Africa to a goalless draw before 15,000 spectators at Vodacom Park, South Africa.
Jamaica played three friendly matches to start of 2010, a 1–0 win over Canada at the National Stadium in Jamaica during January, 21 scored by Ricardo Fuller; a 2–1 defeat to Argentina at Mar del Plata on February, with Ryan Johnson scoring a goal; and a 2–0 defeat to South Africa in Germany on April. In August, Jamaica started their preparations for defending their Digicel Cup title with a comprehensive 3–1 win over Trinidad and Tobago in Port of Spain. On 5 December 2010, Jamaica defended their Digicel Cup title with a 5–4 PK win in the 2010 Caribbean Championship.
Jamaica started off strong in their opening 2011 Gold Cup match against Grenada winning 4–0. Jamaica again showed a strong performance after beating Guatemala 2–0 (a brace from Demar Phillips), therefore qualifying to the quarterfinals where they faced the US. Jamaica's Gold Cup campaign ended as they lost 2–0 .
2014 World Cup qualification attemptEdit
In 2012 Jamaica successfully advanced to the CONCACAF Hexagonal under the guidance of Theodore Whitmore.
After six matches under Theodore Whitmore, the coach resigned after a series of poor results which included two draws and four losses. In July 2013, the J.F.F. announced Winfried Schäfer as Head Coach for the remain of the 2014 World Cup qualification campaign. The JFF continued changing their technical staff following the resignation of Alfredo Montesso as Technical Director.
Jamaica won the Caribbean Cup in November and qualified for the Copa América Centenario.
A few weeks later, in Gold Cup 2015, Jamaica reached their first final of this tournament finals after beating USA 2–1 in the semi-final. Previously, the Jamaican team qualified first of their group, and beating Haiti 1–0 in the quarter-finals.
The team plays their games at Independence Park, known locally as The Office, which is located in Kingston. The stadium opened in 1962 and holds 35,000 people. It got its name The Office from their 50 match unbeaten run from 1995–2001.
The home kit is a yellow shirt with black shorts and yellow socks, while the away set is composed of a black shirt and socks and yellow shorts.
World Cup recordEdit
|FIFA World Cup record||FIFA World Cup Qualification record|
|1930||Did not enter||Declined participation|
|1966||Did not qualify||8||2||3||3||8||21|
|1978||Did not qualify||2||0||0||2||1||5|
|1982||Did not enter||Declined participation|
|1990||Did not qualify||4||2||1||1||4||6|
|2002||Did not qualify||16||6||2||8||14||18|
|2022||To be determined||To be determined|
CONCACAF Championship recordEdit
- 1963 – 1st round
- 1965 – Did not enter
- 1967 – Did not qualify
- 1969 – 6th place
- 1971 – Did not qualify
- 1973 – Did not enter
- 1977 – Withdrew
- 1981 – Did not enter
- 1985 – Withdrew
- 1989 – Did not qualify
Gold Cup recordEdit
|CONCACAF Gold Cup record|
|1996||Did not qualify|
|2002||Did not qualify|
|2007||Did not qualify|
|2013||Did not qualify|
Caribbean Cup recordEdit
- 1989 – Did not qualify
- 1990 – Tournament abandoned before third place match, which Jamaica was due to play
- 1991 – Winners
- 1992 – Runners-up
- 1993 – Runners-up
- 1994 – Did not qualify
- 1995 – Group stage
- 1996 – Group stage
- 1997 – Third place
- 1998 – Winners
- 1999 – Third place shared
- 2001 – Group stage
- 2005 – Winners
- 2007 – Did not qualify
- 2008 – Winners
- 2010 – Winners
- 2012 – Group stage
- 2014 – Winners
- 2017 – Runners-up
Copa América recordEdit
The Copa América includes two invited teams, with Jamaica first appearing as an invitee for the 2015 tournament. In addition, they have qualified as winners of the 2014 Caribbean Cup for the special Centernario tournament in 2016.
- 1975 - (Not Invited)
- 1979 - (Not Invited)
- 1983 - (Not Invited)
- 1987 - (Not Invited)
- 1989 - (Not Invited)
- 1991 - (Not Invited)
- 1993 - (Not Invited)
- 1995 - (Not Invited)
- 1997 - (Not Invited)
- 1999 - (Not Invited)
- 2001 - (Not Invited)
- 2004 - (Not Invited)
- 2007 - (Not Invited)
- 2011 - (Not Invited)
- 2015 – Group Stage (as invitees)
- Centenario, 2016 – Group Stage
Schedule and recent resultsEdit
|2 September 2016 2018 World Cup Q||Panama||2–0||Jamaica||Panama City, Panama|
|Stadium: Estadio Rommel Fernández|
Referee: Joel Aguilar (El Salvador)
|6 September 2016 2018 World Cup Q||Jamaica||0–2||Haiti||Kingston, Jamaica|
|20:30||Kevin Lafrance 68'
Duckens Nazon 88'
|Stadium: Independence Park|
Referee: Adrian Skeete
|5 October 2016 2017 Caribbean Cup qualification||Jamaica||Postponed||Suriname||Kingston, Jamaica|
|Report||Stadium: Anthony Spaulding Complex|
|11 October 2016 2017 Caribbean Cup qualification||Guyana||2–4 (a.e.t.)||Jamaica||Leonora, Guyana|
|Butters 7', 30'||Report||Watson 63'
|Stadium: Leonora Stadium|
|13 November 2016 2017 Caribbean Cup qualification||Jamaica||1–0||Suriname||Kingston, Jamaica|
|Burke 16'||Report||Stadium: Anthony Spaulding Complex|
|3 February 2017 Friendly||United States||1–0||Jamaica||Chattanooga, Tennessee|
|19:00 ET (UTC−5)||Morris 59'||Report||Stadium: Finley Stadium|
Referee: Jafeth Perea (Panama)
|16 February 2017 Friendly||Honduras||0–1||Jamaica||Houston, Texas|
|Report||Lowe 72'||Stadium: BBVA Compass Stadium|
Referee: Jair Marrufo (United States)
|June 13, 2017 Friendly||Peru||3–1||Jamaica||Arequipa, Peru|
|Report||Johnson 86'||Stadium: Estadio Monumental de la UNSA|
Referee: Gustavo Murillo (Colombia)
|22 June 2017 2017 Caribbean Cup||Jamaica||1–1 (a.e.t.)|
|French Guiana||Fort-de-France, Martinique|
|18:00 AST (UTC−4)||Johnson 70'||Report||L. Baal 21'||Stadium: Stade Pierre-Aliker|
Referee: Wilson Da Costa (Bahamas)
|25 June 2017 2017 Caribbean Cup||Jamaica||1–2||Curaçao||Fort-de-France, Martinique|
|19:30 AST (UTC−4)||Harriott 82'||Report||Hooi 10', 84'||Stadium: Stade Pierre-Aliker|
Referee: Michel Rodríguez (Cuba)
|9 July 2017 2017 Gold Cup||Curaçao||0–2||Jamaica||San Diego, United States|
16:00 PDT (UTC−7)
|Stadium: Qualcomm Stadium|
Referee: Armando Villarreal (United States)
|13 July 2017 2017 Gold Cup||Mexico||0–0||Jamaica||Denver, United States|
20:00 MDT (UTC−6)
|Report||Stadium: Sports Authority Field|
Referee: Ricardo Montero (Costa Rica)
|16 July 2017 2017 Gold Cup||Jamaica||1–1||El Salvador||San Antonio, United States|
17:00 CDT (UTC−5)
|Mattocks 64' (pen.)||Report||Bonilla 15'||Stadium: Alamodome|
Referee: Jair Marrufo (United States)
|20 July 2017 2017 Gold Cup||Jamaica||2–1||Canada||Glendale, United States|
16:30 MST (UTC−7)
|Report||Hoilett 61'||Stadium: University of Phoenix Stadium|
Referee: Ricardo Montero (Costa Rica)
|23 July 2017 2017 Gold Cup||Mexico||0–1||Jamaica||Pasadena, United States|
|18:00 (UTC−7)||Report||Lawrence 88'||Stadium: Rose Bowl|
Referee: John Pitti (Panama)
|26 July 2017 2017 Gold Cup Final||United States||2–1||Jamaica||Santa Clara, United States|
|Report||Watson 50'||Stadium: Levi's Stadium|
Referee: Walter López (Guatemala)
|24 August 2017 Friendly||Trinidad and Tobago||1–2||Jamaica||Port of Spain, Trinidad|
|19:00 ET (UTC−5)||Villaroel 11'||Report||Hardware 6'
|Stadium: Hasely Crawford Stadium|
Referee: Sherwin Johnson (Guyana)
|2 September 2017 Friendly||Canada||2–0||Jamaica||Toronto, Canada|
|21:00 ET (UTC−5)||Report||Stadium: BMO Field|
Referee: Ricardo Montero (Costa Rica)
|30 January 2018 Friendly||South Korea||2–2||Jamaica||Antalya, Turkey|
||Report||Stadium: Mardan Stadium|
Referee: Alper Ulusoy (Turkey)
|25 March 2018 Friendly||Jamaica||1–1||Antigua and Barbuda||Kingston, Jamaica|
|18:00 (UTC−5)||Thomas 50' (o.g.)||Report||Byers 90+5'||Stadium: Sabina Park|
Referee: John Pitti (Panama)
|26 April 2018 Friendly||Saint Kitts and Nevis||1–3||Jamaica||Basseterre, Saint Kitts and Nevis|
||Report||Stadium: Warner Park Sporting Complex|
Referee: Reon Radix (Grenada)
|28 April 2018 Friendly||Antigua and Barbuda||0–2||Jamaica||North Sound, Antigua and Barbuda|
|19:00 (UTC−4)||Report||Stadium: Sir Vivian Richards Stadium|
Referee: Moet Gaymes (Saint Vincent and the Grenadines)
|17 August 2018 Friendly||Grenada||1–5||Jamaica||St. George's, Grenada|
|22:30 (UTC−4)||Charles 56'||Report||Green 12'
Vassell 20', 48'
St. John 59' (o.g.)
|Stadium: Kirani James Stadium|
Referee: Kimbell Ward (Saint Kitts and Nevis)
|20 August 2018 Friendly||Barbados||2–2||Jamaica||Bridgetown, Barbados|
|20:00 (UTC−4)||Marsh 33' (o.g.)
|Report||Morgan Jr. 80'
Vassell 84' (pen.)
|Stadium: Wildey Astro Turf|
Referee: Sherwin Moore (Guyana)
|7 September 2018 Friendly||Ecuador||2–0||Jamaica||Harrison, United States|
|20:00 (UTC−4)||Valencia 17' (pen.)
|Report||Stadium: Red Bull Arena|
Referee: Ted Unkel (United States)
|9 September 2018 CONCACAF Nations League Q||Jamaica||4–0||Cayman Islands||Kingston, Jamaica|
|19:00 (UTC−5)||Mattocks 2', 58'
Burke 35', 66'
|Report||Stadium: National Stadium|
Referee: Bryan López Castellanos (Guatemala)
|2 October 2018 Friendly||Jamaica||Cancelled||Cuba||Montego Bay, Jamaica|
|20:00 (UTC−4)||Stadium: Catherine Hall Sports Complex|
|14 October 2018 CONCACAF Nations League Q||Bonaire||0–6||Jamaica||Willemstad, Curaçao|
|18:00 (UTC−4)||Report||Stadium: Ergilio Hato Stadium|
Referee: Sherwin Moore (Guyana)
|17 November 2018 CONCACAF Nations League Q||Jamaica||2–1||Suriname||Montego Bay, Jamaica|
||Stadium: Montego Bay Sports Complex|
Referee: Tristley Bassue (Saint Kitts and Nevis)
|23 March 2019 CONCACAF Nations League Q||El Salvador||v||Jamaica||San Salvador, El Salvador|
|20:00 UTC−6||Report||Stadium: Estadio Cuscatlán|
Win Draw Loss
Caps and goals as of November 17, 2018 after the game against Suriname.
The following players have also been called up to the Jamaica squad in the past 12 months.
|Pos.||Player||Date of birth (age)||Caps||Goals||Club||Latest call-up|
|GK||Damion Hyatt||23 December 1985||2||0||Arnett Gardens||v. Barbados, 20 August 2018|
|GK||Shaven Paul||1 March 1991||1||0||Portmore United||v. South Korea, 30 January 2018|
|GK||Jeadine White||7 July 2000||1||0||Cavalier SC||v. Cayman Islands, 9 September 2018|
|DF||Michael Hector||19 July 1992||22||0||Sheffield Wednesday||v. Bonaire, 13 October 2018|
|DF||Adrian Mariappa||3 October 1986||43||1||Watford||v. Cayman Islands, 9 September 2018|
|DF||Alvas Powell||18 July 1994||35||0||FC Cincinnati||v. Cayman Islands, 9 September 2018|
|DF||Ajeanie Talbott||24 January 1998||2||0||Harbour View||v. Barbados, 20 August 2018|
|DF||Barrington Pryce||14 August 1993||1||0||Tivoli Gardens||v. Barbados, 20 August 2018|
|DF||Shawn Lawes||3 July 1993||2||0||Waterhouse||v. Antigua and Barbuda, 29 April 2018|
|DF||Javain Brown||9 March 1999||1||0||Harbour View||v. Antigua and Barbuda, 29 April 2018|
|DF||Damano Solomon||13 October 1994||1||0||Portmore United||v. Antigua and Barbuda, 29 April 2018|
|DF||Oniel Fisher||22 November 1991||14||0||D.C. United||v. Antigua and Barbuda, 25 March 2018|
|MF||Kevon Lambert||22 March 1997||9||0||Phoenix Rising||v. Cayman Islands, 9 September 2018|
|MF||Tevin Shaw||24 February 1997||6||0||Tivoli Gardens||v. Cayman Islands, 9 September 2018|
|MF||Chevone Marsh||25 February 1994||5||2||Cavalier||v. Barbados, 20 August 2018|
|MF||Marvin Morgan Jr.||6 August 1992||4||3||Arnett Gardens||v. Barbados, 20 August 2018|
|MF||Kevaughn Isaacs||12 January 1996||2||0||Humble Lions||v. Barbados, 20 August 2018|
|MF||Kaheem Parris||13 January 2000||2||0||Cavalier||v. Barbados, 20 August 2018|
|MF||Shandel Senior||28 February 1999||1||0||Fraziers Whip||v. Barbados, 20 August 2018|
|MF||Cardel Benbow||5 June 1995||2||0||Waterhouse||v. Antigua and Barbuda, 29 April 2018|
|FW||Romario Williams||15 August 1994||13||2||Atlanta United||v. Cayman Islands, 9 September 2018|
|FW||Daniel Green||10 June 1997||1||2||Harbour View||v. Barbados, 20 August 2018|
- As of November 17, 2018
- Players in bold text are still active with Jamaica.
The term UB40 is used in Jamaica to describe players born in the United Kingdom who have gone on to represent Jamaica at international football. The term is a nod to the reggae band UB40 whose members were born in the United Kingdom.
Current coaching staffEdit
|Theodore Whitmore||Head coach|
|Wendell Downswell||Director of Football|
|Vinimore Blaine||Technical Director|
|Jerome Waite||Assistant coach|
|Lamar Morgan||Physical Trainer|
|Warren Barrett||Goalkeeping coach|
|Norman Stone||Equipment Manager|
|Roy Simpson||Team Manager|
|Dr Derrick McDowell||Team Doctor|
|Gregory Daley||Head of delegation|
|Carl Brown||1990||July 1994|
|René Simões||August 1994||February 2000|
|Sebastião Lazaroni||March 2000||May 2000|
|Clóvis de Olivera||June 2000||September 2001|
|Carl Brown||December 2001||August 2004|
|Sebastião Lazaroni||August 2004||November 2004|
|Wendell Downswell||November 2004||August 2006|
|Carl Brown||September 2006||October 2006|
|Bora Milutinović||November 2006||November 2007|
|Theodore Whitmore||November 2007||December 2007|
|René Simões||January 2008||September 2008|
|Theodore Whitmore||September 2008||September 2008|
|John Barnes||September 2008||June 2009|
|Theodore Whitmore||June 2009||June 2013|
|Winfried Schäfer||July 2013||September 2016|
|Theodore Whitmore||September 2016||present|
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- Elo rankings change compared to one year ago. "World Football Elo Ratings". eloratings.net. 9 January 2019. Retrieved 9 January 2019.
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- "Mexico 0–0 Jamaica Match Report". fifa.com. Retrieved 6 August 2014.
- "History of Jamaica's Football". Jamaica Football Federation's. Retrieved 1 November 2010.
- "The Reggae Boyz, Jamaica Football History and World Cup Qualifying Results". thereggaeboyz.com.
- "Offers already rolling in for unemployed Eriksson". 9 July 2006. Retrieved 16 March 2016.
- "Boyz vs South Korea − JFF boss to sign contract today for friendly set for Turkey January 31". jamaicaobserver.com. Jamaica Observer. 8 January 2018. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
- Mamrud, Roberto. "Jamaica – Record International Players". RSSSF. Retrieved 3 January 2016.
- Wright, Nodley (24 August 2000). "Hall hangs up internation [sic] boots". Jamaica Gleaner. Archived from the original on 12 May 2014. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- "Player profiles – Jamaica 1998". Sports Illustrated. 1998. Retrieved 9 May 2014.