Cuba national football team
|Nickname(s)||Leones del Caribe (Lions of the Caribbean)|
|Association||Football Association of Cuba|
|Head coach||Raúl Mederos|
|Most caps||Yénier Márquez (126)|
|Top scorer||Lester Moré (29)|
|Home stadium||Estadio Pedro Marrero|
|Current||175 1 (14 June 2019)|
|Highest||46 (November – December 2006)|
|Lowest||182 (August 2017, March–May 2018)|
|Current||140 6 (10 July 2019)|
|Highest||52 (February 2005)|
|Lowest||143 (January 1965)|
| Cuba 3–1 Jamaica |
(Havana, Cuba; 16 March 1930)
| Cuba 11–0 Turks and Caicos Islands |
(Havana, Cuba; 8 September 2018)
| Sweden 8–0 Cuba |
(Antibes, France; 12 June 1938)
Soviet Union 8–0 Cuba
(Moscow, Soviet Union; 24 July 1980)
|Appearances||1 (first in 1938)|
|Best result||Quarter-finals, 1938|
& Gold Cup
|Appearances||11 (first in 1971)|
|Best result||Fourth place, 1971|
They were the first Caribbean team to get to the World Cup finals – they did so in 1938. There, they defeated Romania in a replay 2–1 after drawing against them 3–3. They were then eliminated in the quarter-finals by Sweden, 8–0. Cuba has not returned to the World Cup since.
Cuba played its first international football match on 16 March 1930 at that year's Central American and Caribbean Games. They beat Jamaica (then a British colony) 3–1 in Havana. Four days later, they beat Honduras 7–0. Cuba were managed by José Tapia, who remained in charge until after Cuba's 1938 World Cup campaign. Cuba's first World Cup qualification campaign was for the 1934 World Cup in Italy. All of the CONCACAF entrants were placed in Group 11. The winner of a best-of-three tournament between the two weakest nations, Cuba and Haiti would produce a winner to play 1930 qualifiers Mexico in another round of best-of-three. The winner of that would play 1930 semi-finalists the United States of America for a place in the finals. All of the matches between Cuba and Haiti in the first round were staged at Parc Leconte in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, on 28, 1 and 4 January–February 1934. Cuba won the first match 3–1 with Mario Lopez opening from a penalty and Hector Socorro scoring the second. The second match was a 1–1 draw with Lopez equalising in the 85th minute. In the final match, Cuba won 6–0 with two Lopez goals, one from Hector Socorro and one from his brother Francisco. The second round against Mexico consisted of three matches at Parque Necaxa in Mexico City. Its first match, on 4 March 1934, saw Mexico go 3–0 up with a hat-trick by Dionisio Mejia, his goals scored in the 12th, 14th and 16th minutes. Mario Lopez scored twice for Cuba with one in each half, but Mexico won 3–2. A week later, Mejia scored another hat-trick as Mexico won 5–0, and seven days later, Mexico won 4–1 after Lopez opened the scoring in the 15th minute. Mexico did not qualify, their 4–2 play-off defeat to the United States was held in Rome during the finals, as the two teams had forgotten to stage it earlier.
The decision to stage the 1938 World Cup in France was poorly received in the Americas, who had hoped for it to return to South America after the 1934 World Cup in Italy. All nations in South America except Brazil withdrew, and all CONCACAF nations except Cuba, thus the two qualified by default. The tournament was held as a straight knock-out tournament of 16 nations. Cuba were drawn to play their first-ever World Cup finals match against Romania (who were making their third finals appearance) at Stade du T.O.E.C. in Toulouse, on 5 June 1938. Silviu Bindea put Romania ahead after 35 minutes and Hector Socorro equalised nine minutes later. With three minutes remaining, Tomás Fernández gave Cuba the lead, but within a minute Iuliu Baratky forced extra time with a Romanian equaliser. Romania went 3–2 up in extra-time by Stefan Dobay's goal on 105 minutes, but Juan Tuñas equalised for Cuba with three minutes of extra-time remaining. The replay was held at the same stadium, on 9 June. This was at the same time as Switzerland's 4–2 replay win over Germany. Dobay put Romania 1–0 up at half-time with a 35th-minute goal, but in the second half Cuba equalised through Socorro in the 51st minute. Six minutes later, Carlos Oliviera scored the winning goal and it ended 2–1. In the quarter-final, Cuba lost 8–0 to Sweden at Stade du Fort Carre in Antibes, on 12 June. Sweden's Tore Keller and Gustav Wetterstrom each scored hat-tricks.
The NAFC Championship 1949 served as CONCACAF's qualification group for the 1950 World Cup in Brazil. Cuba, the United States of America and Mexico played each other twice in a tournament held in Mexico City in September 1949. The top two would qualify. Cuba came third and did not qualify, their only point was gained from their second match, a 1–1 draw against the United States on 14 September. Cuba did not compete in World Cup qualification again until 1966. They returned to participation in qualification for 1978, but the 1982 qualifiers represented a significant breakthrough- Cuba reached the final round of qualifying, and were only two points short of reaching the 1982 World Cup. In recent years, Cuban football has seen an improvement in results.
They reached the quarter-finals of the 2003 Gold Cup (where they were beaten by the United States) by defeating Canada 2–0 in the Group stage. During the 2006 World Cup qualifiers, Cuba faced Costa Rica and were only eliminated on away goals. They held Costa Rica to a draw in Havana 2–2 and later battled it out for a 1–1 draw in Costa Rica. During the 2010 World Cup qualifiers, Cuba faced Antigua and Barbuda and the match ended in a 3–3 draw. Later in Pedro Marreo, Cuba won 4–1 to advance to the semi-final round of the CONCACAF World Cup qualifiers. Cuba was with the United States, Trinidad and Tobago and Guatemala. Cuba finished in the fourth place with only one victory against Guatemala 2–1 with a goal scored by Aliannis Urgellés. They finished in third place in the 2010 Caribbean Cup to take a place in the 2011 Gold Cup. In 2012, Cuba won the Caribbean Cup for the first time.
For the 2014 World Cup, the Cuban team qualified directly to the Third round as one of the six highest ranked teams and were placed in Group C with Honduras, Panama, and Canada. Although the Cuban team had several close games, they ended their qualification process with one draw and five defeats (losing home and away to Canada and Honduras and drawing to Panama in Havana in their final game after losing in Panama City). Their only goal of the qualifying campaign came from Alberto Gomes against Panama in the final game of the group stage.
World Cup recordEdit
|Cuba's FIFA World Cup record||Qualification record|
|1930||Did not enter||Did not enter|
|1934||Did not qualify||2nd||6||2||1||3||13||14|
|1950||Did not qualify||3rd||4||0||1||3||3||11|
|1954||Not accepted||Not accepted|
|1958||Did not enter||Did not enter|
|1966||Did not qualify||3rd||4||1||1||2||3||5|
|1970||Not accepted||Not accepted|
|1974||Did not enter||Did not enter|
|1978||Did not qualify||Playoff||5||2||2||1||7||5|
|1986||Did not enter||Did not enter|
|1990||Did not qualify||2nd||2||0||1||2||1||2|
|1998||Did not qualify||4th||10||4||1||5||17||18|
|2022||To be determined||To be determined|
|Cuba's World Cup record|
|First Match|| Cuba 3–3 Romania |
( 5 June 1938; Toulouse, France)
|Biggest Win|| Cuba 2–1 Romania |
( 9 June 1938; Toulouse, France)
|Biggest Defeat|| Cuba 0–8 Sweden |
( 12 June 1938; Antibes, France)
|Best Result||7th place at the 1938 FIFA World Cup|
CONCACAF Championship/Gold Cup recordEdit
|1963||Did not enter|
|1967||Did not qualify|
|1969||Did not enter|
|1973||Did not enter|
|1977||Did not qualify|
|1985||Did not enter|
|1989||Did not qualify|
|CONCACAF Gold Cup|
|1993||Did not enter|
|1996||Did not qualify|
|2000||Did not qualify|
|2017||Did not qualify|
NAFC Championship recordEdit
Caribbean Cup recordEdit
|CFU Caribbean Cup|
|1989||Did not enter|
|1993||Did not enter|
|1997||Did not enter|
|1998||Did not qualify|
|2017||Did not qualify|
|No.||Pos.||Player||Date of birth (age)||Caps||Goals||Club|
|GK||Diosvelis Guerra||21 May 1989||17||0||Camagüey|
|DF||José Almelo||3 June 1996||1||0||Pinar del Río|
|DF||Yonaidis García||3 July 1997||0||0||Camagüey|
|DF||Marlon Sánchez||7 July 1999||0||0||Santiago de Cuba|
|MF||Neisser Sandó||26 October 1998||6||0||Santiago de Cuba|
|FW||Eddy Olivares||26 March 1991||7||1||Santiago de Cuba|
|FW||Juan Manuel Andreus||8 November 1999||2||1||Las Tunas|
|FW||Allan Pérez||19 July 1996||5||0||Ciego de Ávila|
Defection and economic migration by Cuban athletesEdit
As well as Cuban athletes in other sports, a number of football players (such as Maykel Galindo and Osvaldo Alonso) have made the move to the United States in recent years. During the 2002 Gold Cup in Los Angeles, two Cuban players Rey Ángel Martínez and Alberto Delgado chose to remain in the United States. Striker Maykel Galindo did so during the 2005 Gold Cup. Two more, Osvaldo Alonso and Lester More did so during the 2007 Gold Cup.
In 2008, defections occurred during two separate tournaments held in the United States. In March, seven players from the U-23 national football, including Yeniel Bermúdez, Yordany Álvarez and Yendry Díaz defected during the 2008 CONCACAF Olympic Qualifying tournament while the team was based in Tampa, FL. In October, two days before the country's World Cup Qualifier versus the USA, Reynier Alcántara and Pedro Faife walked away from the team's hotel near Washington, D.C.. During the 2011 CONCACAF Gold Cup, Yosniel Mesa defected while the team was in Charlotte, North Carolina. During the 2015 Gold Cup, forward Keiler García defected to the United States before the team's first match against Mexico in Chicago.
Recent results and forthcoming fixturesEdit
- 28 February 2019 - beat Bermuda 5-0
- "The FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking". FIFA. 14 June 2019. Retrieved 14 June 2019.
- Elo rankings change compared to one year ago. "World Football Elo Ratings". eloratings.net. 10 July 2019. Retrieved 10 July 2019.
- Rainsford, Sarah (28 June 2012). "BBC News – Euro 2012 football fever hits baseball-loving Cuba". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 8 July 2012.
- "Cuba – List of International Matches". Rsssf.com. Retrieved 8 July 2012.
- "Baseball in Their Veins, but a New Ball at Their Feet". Nytimes.com. Retrieved 8 July 2012.
- "History of the FIFA World Cup Preliminary Competition (by year)" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
- "Final 23-Player Rosters Announced for 2019 Concacaf Gold Cup". COCACAF Gold Cup. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
- "Cuatro villaclareños en preselección cubana de fútbol". Telecubanacán. Retrieved 8 June 2019.
- "Cuba's Yosniel Mesa defects". ESPN. Associated Press. Retrieved 13 June 2011.
- "Keilen García, el premio-castigo de la libertad". ESPN Deportes. Retrieved 9 July 2015.