Argentine Football Association
The Argentine Football Association (Spanish: Asociación del Fútbol Argentino, locally [asosjaˈsjon del ˈfutbol aɾxenˈtino], AFA) is the governing body of football in Argentina based in Buenos Aires. It organises the lower divisions of Argentine league system (from Primera B Nacional to Torneo Argentino C), including domestic cups Copa Argentina and Supercopa Argentina. The body also manages all the Argentina national teams, including the Senior, U-20, U-17 and Olympic squads. Secondly, it also organizes the amateur leagues for women, children, youth, futsal, and other local leagues, as well as the national women's team.
|Founded||21 February 1893|
The AFA also organised all the Primera División championships from 1893 to 2016–17. From the 2017–18 season the "Superliga Argentina", an entity which is administrated independently and has its own statute, took over the Primera División championships. Nevertheless, the Superliga is contractually linked with the main football body.
The Argentine Association Football League (in English) was founded on 21 February 1893 by Alexander Watson Hutton, considered "the father" of Argentine football. The Argentine Association is the oldest in South America and one of the oldest to be formed outside Europe. In 1906 Florencio Martínez de Hoz became the first Argentine-born president of the association.
In 1912 the president of Gimnasia y Esgrima de Buenos Aires, Ricardo Aldao, broke up with the association establishing an own league, the "Federación Argentina de Football" which organized a parallel tournament. Some teams moved to the FAF were Gimnasia y Esgrima, Independiente, Estudiantes de La Plata and Atlanta. The league lasted until 1914 when rejoining Asociación Argentina de Football forming a unique league for the 1915 season.
The second dissident league was formed in 1919 and named "Asociación Amateurs de Football", organizing its own championships (as FAF had done) until 1926 when it merged to official association. The dissident league included some of the most prominent teams such as River Plate, Racing, Independiente and San Lorenzo, with the exception of Boca Juniors that remained in the official "Asociación Argentina de Football".
When both leagues merged for the 1927 season, the association was again renamed to "Asociación Amateur Argentina de Football" until the professionalization of the sport in 1931 when it switched to "Liga Argentina de Football". The first round of the recently created professional championship was on 31 May 1931.
Despite football turning professional in Argentina, some clubs wanted to remain amateur so they formed a new league, the "Asociación de Football Amateur y Profesionales", which organized a parallel tournament until 1934 when the dissident association merged with LAF on 3 November 1934 to form the "Asociación del Football Argentino" which has remained since.
In 2015, during the presidential elections to elect a new president for the body, there were two candidates to occupy Julio Humberto Grondona's chair, Marcelo Tinelli –who wanted a change in how things were going, like eliminating corruption between some clubs and the AFA– and Luis Segura, who had taken charge after Grondona's death, with the intention of extending his mandate.
With 75 presidents of different Argentine clubs voting, the day of the elections something went wrong when the final count resulted in a draw of 38 to 38 (76 votes in total). The explanation given was that one of the electors put a double vote and that mistake was not reported. As a result, the executive committee decided to postpone the election.
After some meetings to put an end to the conflict, both candidates agreed to have another election in June 2016.
In 2017, the association approved the creation of a new entity, named "Superliga Argentina de Fútbol", which would take over the organisation of Primera División championship. The main European football leagues (such as English Premier League or Spanish La Liga, organised by associations dedicated exclusively to that championships and run as separate entities from their respective National Associations) served as inspiration for the creation of the Superliga.
The 2016–17 Primera División championship was the last tournament organised by the AFA. From the 2017–18 season, the "Superliga Argentina", an entity administrated by itself with its own statute, took over the organisation of Primera División championships since then on.
The body has been renamed several times since its establishment in 1893, in most of cases translating into Spanish the original British names. The list of names is the following:
- Argentine Association Football League (1893–1903) [note 1]
- Argentine Football Association (1903–12)
- Asociación Argentina de Football (1912–27)
- Asociación Amateur Argentina de Football (1927–31)
- Asociación de Football Amateurs y Profesionales (1931–34)
- Asociación del Fútbol Argentino (1934–present) [note 2]
|Primera División||1893–2017 [note 3]|
|Copa Argentina||1969–70, 2011–present [note 4]|
|Supercopa Argentina [note 5]||2012–present|
|Copa de Honor Municipalidad de Buenos Aires||1905–36|
|Copa de Competencia Jockey Club||1913–33|
|Copa de Competencia La Nación||1913–14|
|Copa Dr. Carlos Ibarguren||1913–58|
|Copa Adrián C. Escobar||1939–49|
|Copa Gral. P. Ramírez [note 6]||1943–45|
|Copa de Competencia Británica George VI||1944–48|
|Copa Suecia [note 7]||1958|
|Copa Centenario de la AFA [note 8]||1993|
|Copa Campeonato (Superfinal) [note 9]||2013–14|
The following table include competitions organized by dissident associations.
|Copa de Competencia (AAm)||1920–26||Asociación Amateurs de Football|
|Copa de Competencia (LAF)||1932–33||Liga Argentina de Football|
|Copa Adrián Beccar Varela||1932–33||Liga Argentina de Football|
- The organisation was founded with the same name as its predecessor, the AAFL of 1891
- Translated into Spanish as "Asociación del Fútbol Argentino" in 1946
- In fact, the first official "Primera División" championship was held in 1891 and organized by a precedent association, "Argentine Association Football League", dissolved at the end of the season. Since the 2017–18, Primera División is organised by the Superliga Argentina.
- The Copa Argentina was re-launched in 2011.
- Contested by the champions of the Argentine Primera División and Copa Argentina
- Also known as "Campeonato de la República", it received the name "Copa General de División Pedro Pablo Ramírez", due to the trophy had been donated by de facto President of Argentina, Pedro P. Ramírez
- Held once to keep league teams in readiness while the 1958 FIFA World Cup was being played
- Held once to celebrate the 100th. anniversary of the Association 
- Once Inicial and Final tournaments had finished, both winners played a match named "Superfinal". The Association had determined that the first edition (played in 2013) would be considered as a Primera División official title (2012–13 season), therefore Vélez Sársfield awarded its 10th. official championship after defeating Newell's Old Boys. Nevertheless, from the 2014 edition it was determined that the Superfinal would not be considered as a Primera División title but an national cup.
- Expelled by the Argentine military dictatorship
- When football became professional in Argentina, the teams that wanted to remain amateur formed this league that organized its own tournaments from 1931 to 1934, when it merged with the professional body, being all of its teams relegated to second division.
- "SITIO OFICIAL DE LA ASOCIACIÓN DEL FÚTBOL ARGENTINO". Retrieved 4 March 2017.
- El fútbol que viene asomando by Gustavo Veiga, Página/12, 28 Jun 2017
- La Superliga dio el puntapié inicial, Página/12, 28 Jul 2017
- "La historia de una casa poderosa" Archived 2015-04-13 at the Wayback Machine, Clarín, 21 Feb 2003
- "Campeones del Bicentenario", La Nación, 2010-5-18
- Diario Ole - "Bodas de Brillante"
- Historia del Fútbol Amateur en la Argentina, by Jorge Iwanczuk. Published by Autores Editores (1992) - ISBN 9504343848
- "Escándalo: la elección en la AFA salió empatada por un error y ahora Segura y Tinelli analizan unirse", La Nación, 3 Dec 2015
- "Historia de un papelón: con 75 asambleístas hubo 76 votos", Clarín, 3 Dec 2015
- "FIFA to oversee Argentinean FA after FIFA Council member charged - Sports Integrity Initiative". 27 June 2016. Retrieved 4 March 2017.
- "Ousted Argentine Football Association President attacks FIFA for taking over crisis-hit organisation". Retrieved 4 March 2017.
- La AFA aprobó la creación de la Superliga, La Nueva, 24 Feb 2017
- La creación de la Liga Argentina by Fernando Czyz on La Nación, 19 Apr 2016
- "SITIO OFICIAL DE LA ASOCIACIÓN DEL FÚTBOL ARGENTINO". Archived from the original on 4 March 2017. Retrieved 4 March 2017.
- "SITIO OFICIAL DE LA ASOCIACIÓN DEL FÚTBOL ARGENTINO". Retrieved 4 March 2017.
- "Argentina - Domestic Cup History". Retrieved 4 March 2017.
- "Argentina 1891". Retrieved 4 March 2017.
- "En medio de las polémicas, Grondona lanzó la Copa Argentina" on Notio.com.ar 19 May 2011
- AFA Centenary Cup on RSSSF
- "Vélez venció a Newell's y es el Supercampeón", Clarín, 29 Dec 2013
- "La AFA homologó la final de River como una copa nacional", Cancha Llena, 28 May 2014
- Claudio Chiqui Tapia fue electo presidente casi sin oposición y comienza una nueva era, Clarín, 29 Mar 2017
- "Argentina 1934 (amateur)". Retrieved 4 March 2017.