Turkish Football Federation

The Turkish Football Federation (Turkish: Türkiye Futbol Federasyonu; TFF) is the governing body of association football in Turkey. It was formed on 23 April 1923, and joined FIFA the same year and UEFA in 1962.[1] It organizes the Turkey national football team, the Turkish Football League and the Turkish Cup.

Turkish Football Federation
UEFA
Short nameTFF
Founded23 April 1923; 100 years ago (1923-04-23)
HeadquartersIstanbul
FIFA affiliation1923
UEFA affiliation1962
PresidentMehmet Büyükekşi
Websitewww.tff.org Edit this at Wikidata
Turkish Football Federation Facility at Riva, Beykoz in Istanbul

Governed competitions edit

Leagues edit

The Turkish football league system is divided into eight tiers, ranging from the top-tier Süper Lig to local amateur divisions.

Cups edit

The Turkish Cup changed its name to the Federation Cup (Turkish: Federasyon Kupası) in the 1980–81 season, then back to Turkish Cup in 1992–93.

Hosting bids edit

 
Turkish Football Federation's Hasan Doğan National Teams Camp and Training Facility at Riva, Beykoz in Istanbul.

Turkey have bid five times to host the UEFA European Championship.

Turkey submitted a joint bid with Greece for UEFA Euro 2008, which failed. Their bid for UEFA Euro 2012 was also unsuccessful, with the competition going to Poland and Ukraine. The federation also submitted a bid to host UEFA Euro 2016, but UEFA announced that Euro 2016 would be hosted by France. Turkey were also bidding for UEFA Euro 2024, competing against Germany. Germany were announced the hosts. Turkey will host the UEFA Euro 2032, alongside Italy (both previously bid against each other for 2016), given Turkey to finally host a UEFA Euro on their fifth attempt.

Turkey had already hosted the 2005 UEFA Champions League Final and the 2009 UEFA Cup Final in Istanbul.[2] At the youth-level, they hosted the UEFA European Under-17 Football Championship in 2008, after first hosting the event back in 1993.

Competition summary edit

As of May 2019

Event Gold Silver Bronze Total
Football
FIFA World Cup 0 0 1 1/21
FIFA U-20 World Cup 0 0 0 0/22
FIFA U-17 World Cup 0 0 0 0/18
FIFA Club World Cup 0 0 0 0/16
FIFA Confederations Cup 0 0 1 1/10
FIFA Women's World Cup 0 0 0 0/8
FIFA U-20 Women's World Cup 0 0 0 0/9
FIFA U-17 Women's World Cup 0 0 0 0/7
FIFA Women's Club World Cup 0 0 0 0/1
UEFA European Championship 0 0 1 1/15
UEFA European Under-21 Championship 0 0 0 0/21
UEFA European Under-19 Championship 1 2 2 5/65
UEFA European Under-17 Championship 2 0 1 3/37
UEFA Nations League 0 0 0 0/1
UEFA Women's Championship 0 0 0 0/12
UEFA Women's Under-19 Championship 0 0 0 0/20
UEFA Women's Under-17 Championship 0 0 0 0/12
UEFA–CAF Meridian Cup 0 0 1 1/5
Football at the Summer Olympics 0 0 0 0/34
Football at the Mediterranean Games 1 7 2 10/18
Football at the Islamic Solidarity Games 0 0 1 1/3
UEFA Champions League 0 0 1 1/64
UEFA Europa League 1 0 1 2/48
UEFA Super Cup 1 0 0 1/43
UEFA Youth League 0 0 0 0/6
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 0 0 0 0/39
UEFA Women's Champions League 0 0 0 0/18
UEFA Regions' Cup 0 0 2 2/10
UEFA Amateur Cup 0 0 0 0/4
Balkan Cup 0 1 0 1/11
Balkans Cup 3 1 3 7/27
ECO Cup 3 2 0 5/6
Futsal
FIFA Futsal World Cup 0 0 0 0/9
UEFA Futsal Championship 0 0 0 0/11
UEFA Futsal Under-21 Championship 0 0 0 0/1
UEFA Under-19 Futsal Championship 0 0 0 0/1
UEFA Women's Futsal Championship 0 0 0 0/1
UEFA Futsal Champions League 0 0 0 0/18
Beach Soccer
FIFA Beach Soccer World Cup 0 0 0 0/20
FIFA Beach Soccer World Cup qualification (UEFA) 0 0 0 0/7
Euro Beach Soccer League 0 0 0 0/21
Euro Beach Soccer Cup 0 0 0 0/15
Euro Winners Cup 0 0 1 1/7
Women's Euro Winners Cup 0 0 0 0/4
Beach Soccer at the European Games 0 0 0 0/2
Beach Soccer at the Mediterranean Beach Games 0 0 0 0/2
eSports
FIFA eWorld Cup 0 0 0 0/14
Total 11 14 18 43

Presidents edit

As of 16 June 2022[3]
 
Former Turkish footballer, referee and the 3rd president of Galatasaray, Yusuf Ziya Öniş, was the first president of TFF between 1922 and 1926
 
Nat. Name Years
  Yusuf Ziya Öniş 1922–1926
  Muvaffak Menemencioğlu 1926–1931
  Hamdi Emin Çap 1931–1937
  Sedat Rıza İstek 1937–1938
  Danyal Akbel 1938–1943
  Ziya Ateş 1943
  Sadi Karsan 1943–1948
  Vildan Aşir Savaşır 1948–1949
  Ulvi Ziya Yenal 1949–1952
  Mehmet Arkan 1952
  Mümtaz Tarhan 1952
  Orhan Şeref Apak 1952–1954
  Ulvi Ziya Yenal 1954
  Hasan Polat 1954–1957
  Orhan Şeref Apak 1957–1958
  Safa Yalçuk 1958–1959
 
Nat. Name Years
  Faik Gökay 1959–1960
  Muhterem Özyurt 1960–1961
  Bekir Silahçılar 1961
  Orhan Şeref Apak 1961–1964
  Muhterem Özyurt 1964–1965
  Orhan Şeref Apak 1965–1970
  Hasan Polat 1970–1976
  Füruzan Tekil 1976–1977
  Sabahattin Erman 1977
  İbrahim İskeçe 1977–1978
  Doğan Andaç 1980
  Yılmaz Tokatlı 1980–1984
  A. Kemal Ulusu 1984–1985
  Erdoğan Ünver 1985–1986
  Erdenay Oflaz 1986
  Ali Uras 1986–1987
 
Nat. Name Years
  Halim Çorbalı 1987–1989
  Şenes Erzik 1989–1997
  Özkan Olcay 1997
  Abdullah Kiğılı 1997
  Haluk Ulusoy 1997–2004
  Levent Bıçakcı 2004–2006
  Haluk Ulusoy 2006–2008
  Hasan Doğan 15 February 2008 – 5 July 2008
  Mahmut Özgener 19 August 2008–29. June 2011
  Mehmet Ali Aydınlar 29 June 2011 – 31 January 2012
  Yıldırım Demirören 27 February 2012 – 1 March 2019
  Hüsnü Güreli (interim) 1 March 2019 – 1 June 2019
  Nihat Özdemir 1 June 2019 – 4 April 2022
  Servet Yardımcı (interim) 4 April 2022 – 16 June 2022
  Mehmet Büyükekşi 16 June 2022 – present

Controversies edit

Non-recognition of past national championships edit

 
Turkish newspaper Tan announcing the Turkish championship (Türkiye Şampiyonu) title of Fenerbahçe on 9 September 1935.

The TFF organized a nationwide championship as early as 1924. That year the Turkish Football Championship (Turkish: Türkiye Futbol Şampiyonası) was held in order to bring forth a national football champion.[4][5] The championship format was based on a knockout competition, contested between the winners of each of the country's regional leagues. Some years later, in 1937, the first national league called Millî Küme was introduced. The league was held until 1950, one year before the Turkish Football Championship was also abolished.[6][7]

Even though both competitions were organized by the TFF and were official championships respectively,[8][9] they are not acknowledged and counted by the very same federation which held them. Until today no official reason or motive was given for the unparalleled and irregular denial. All other football associations in Europe without exception consequently acknowledge their former national championships. The Turkish Federation is the only one with such a stance.

As a result, Ankara Demirspor became the first club to officially demand the federation to acknowledge their championship title won in 1947, but received no answer at all to date.[10][when?] Club president Nuğman Yavuz stated that he contacted the Turkish Federation twice, but the federation did not respond in any way.[11] Similarly, Fenerbahçe also requested proper acknowledgement of these national championship titles, and faced the same unconstructive reaction.[12] Having won a total of nine titles in both former championships, the club demands to have those official titles rightfully acknowledged.[13][14][15][16]

In addition to requesting proper acknowledgement of the titles, Fenerbahçe's kit for the 2023-24 season includes a badge with 5 stars above which can't be worn in league matches because it is against the regulations of the federation and they did not give permission to play with them,[17] likely in the hopes that the TFF will recognize their pre-1959 championships, also notably on the club's website the 28 championships are listed as if they were official likely as an act of protest against the TFF's lack of recognition of the pre-1959 titles.[18]

For instance, Mehmet Demirkol, a renowned sports writer and commentator,[19] stated that Beşiktaş won their 20th championship title overall in the 2016–17 season, not their 15th.[20][21][Video 1] Numerous other sports writers, persons of authority, politicians, and officials also openly expressed their opinions on this issue and reinforced the view that the Turkish federation should unambiguously acknowledge and count the former championship titles.[22][23][24][25][26][Video 2][Video 3] Among them is also historian and headmaster of the Galatasaray High School Vahdettin Engin.[27]

2023 melee during MKE Ankaragücü-Çaykur Rizespor match edit

On 11 December 2023, melee occurred during a match between MKE Ankaragücü and Çaykur Rizespor which involved fans being able to successfully invade the playing field's pitch.[28][29][30] Six people, including MKE Ankaragucum club President Faruk Koca, were arrested for assaulting a referee.[29][28][30] The referee, Halil Umut Meler, was hospitalized following the assault.[29] The next day, Koca resigned from MKE Ankaragucu and the Turkish Football Federation decided to suspend all league games in Turkey indefinitely.[31][28][32][29][30] Meler, who suffered a minor facial facture and eye injury, would be discharged from the hospital on 13 December.[33][34][35] The same day, it was announced that the suspension of league games would end on 19 December 2023.[34]

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "TFF » İş Ortakları" (in Turkish). Turkish Football Federation. Archived from the original on 2 September 2020. Retrieved 2 September 2020.
  2. ^ "BBC: Man City stadium given Uefa final". BBC News. 4 October 2006. Retrieved 6 January 2010.
  3. ^ "TFF Başkanlarının Dönemleri ve Yönetim Kurulları" [Periods of TFF Presidents and Board of Directors] (in Turkish). Turkish Football Federation. Archived from the original on 18 August 2019. Retrieved 16 June 2022.
  4. ^ "Türkiye Futbol Birinciliği". Erdinç Sivritepe. Archived from the original on 20 January 2018. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  5. ^ "Türkiye Futbol Federasyonu Kuruluyor". tff.org (in Turkish). Turkish Football Federation. Archived from the original on 25 January 2018. Retrieved 13 December 2017. 1936'ya kadar süren bu dönemde ilk Türkiye Şampiyonası Ankara'da yapılmış ve şampiyon Harbiye olmuştur.
  6. ^ "Milli Küme". Erdinç Sivritepe. Archived from the original on 26 October 2017. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  7. ^ "Türkiye Futbol Federasyonu Kuruluyor". tff.org (in Turkish). Turkish Football Federation. Archived from the original on 25 January 2018. Retrieved 13 December 2017. ...ilk deplasmanlı lig kapsamındaki Milli Küme maçları da yine bu dönemde tertip edilmiştir.
  8. ^ "Turkey – List of Champions". RSSSF. RSSSF. Archived from the original on 26 September 2018. Retrieved 14 April 2018.
  9. ^ "First National League and Cup Competitions and a Super Cup". Erdinç Sivritepe. Archived from the original on 27 May 2018. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  10. ^ "65 yıl sonra, şampiyonluğunun peşinde" (in Turkish). Hürriyet. 9 May 2017. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  11. ^ "Ankara Demirspor şampiyonluğunu istiyor". haber7.com (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 14 December 2017. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  12. ^ "F.Bahçe, 9 şampiyonluğunu istiyor". sporx.com (in Turkish). 12 May 2014. Archived from the original on 20 January 2018. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  13. ^ "G.Birliği ve A.Gücü Şampiyon Oluyor". sporyolu.com (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 27 May 2018. Retrieved 27 May 2018.
  14. ^ "Fenerbahçe 1959 öncesi için çalışma başlattı". ntvspor.net (in Turkish). NTV Spor. Archived from the original on 14 April 2018. Retrieved 14 April 2018.
  15. ^ "Fenerbahçe 5. yıldızı istiyor". hurriyet.com.tr (in Turkish). Hürriyet. 9 May 2017. Archived from the original on 14 December 2017. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  16. ^ "19 değil, 28 şampiyonluk". trthaber.com (in Turkish). TRT Haber. 13 May 2014. Archived from the original on 22 November 2017. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  17. ^ "Fenerbahçe 5 yıldızlı formayla sahaya çıkarsa ne olur". ensonhaber.com.
  18. ^ "28 championships-Fenerbache Sports Club". fenerbache.org.
  19. ^ "Demirkol: Gönlümde hep Fenerbahçe oldu!". spor.haber7.com (in Turkish). Tümspor. Archived from the original on 1 May 2020. Retrieved 21 January 2016.
  20. ^ "Mehmet Demirkol: Beşiktaş'ın 20. şampiyonluğu bu". kralspor.ensonhaber.com (in Turkish). En Son Haber. Archived from the original on 14 December 2017. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
  21. ^ "Mehmet Demirkol: Beşiktaş'ın 20 şampiyonluğu var!". fanatik.com.tr (in Turkish). Fanatik. Archived from the original on 14 December 2017. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
  22. ^ "1959'dan önceki şampiyonluklar nerede?". hurriyet.com.tr (in Turkish). Ali Can Yaycılı. 9 May 2017. Archived from the original on 26 December 2017. Retrieved 25 December 2017.
  23. ^ "19 değil 28 şampiyonluk kanıtlarla". sporyazarlari.com (in Turkish). Metin Sipahioğlu. Archived from the original on 23 August 2017. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
  24. ^ "Futbolumuzun miladı; takımların gerçek şampiyonluk sayıları nedir?". milliyet.com.tr (in Turkish). Uzay Gökerman. 26 April 2014. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
  25. ^ "Ben, "28." diyorum…". hurriyet.com.tr (in Turkish). Ateş Bakan. 30 April 2014. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
  26. ^ "FENERBAHÇE'NİN KAÇ ŞAMPİYONLUĞU VAR ??". abcspor.com (in Turkish). Burak Belgen. 7 October 2015. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
  27. ^ "Galatasaray Lisesi müdüründen 1959 öncesi şampiyonluk açıklaması". cumhuriyet.com.tr (in Turkish). 4 May 2021. Retrieved 22 September 2023.
  28. ^ a b c "Turkish football club president arrested for punching referee on the field". Al Jazeera. 12 December 2023.
  29. ^ a b c d Fraser, Suzan (12 December 2023). "Turkish club president arrested and league games suspended after referee is punched at match". Associated Press. Retrieved 12 December 2023.
  30. ^ a b c "Turkey referee punched: Ankaragucu president Faruk Koca arrested after attack". BBC Sport. 12 December 2023. Retrieved 12 December 2023.
  31. ^ "Turkish football leagues suspended after attack on referee". Hurriyet Daily News. 12 December 2023. Retrieved 13 December 2023.
  32. ^ "Faruk Koca, Ankaragücü başkanlığından istifa etti - Sözcü Gazetesi". Sözcü (in Turkish). 2023-12-12. Retrieved 2023-12-13.
  33. ^ "Turkish football referee discharged from hospital in wake of attack". Anadolu Agency. Retrieved 2023-12-13.
  34. ^ a b "Turkish referee Halil Umut Meler leaves hospital after attack from Ankaragucu president Faruk Koca | Super Lig matches to resume on Tuesday". Sky Sports. Retrieved 2023-12-13.
  35. ^ https://www.washingtonpost.com/sports/soccer/2023/12/13/referee-attack-halit-umut-meler/3b0465b2-99b0-11ee-82d9-be1b5ea041ab_story.html
Video references
  1. ^ Mehmet Demirkol: Beşiktaş'ın 20 şampiyonluğu vardır. 15 falan değil! (YouTube video) (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 2021-12-12. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
  2. ^ 1959 Öncesi Şampiyonluklar Sayılmalı Mı? Emre Bol ve Turgay Demir Yorumları (YouTube video) (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 2020-04-07. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
  3. ^ '28 şampiyonluk' için resmi başvuru (YouTube video) (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 2021-12-12. Retrieved 25 December 2017.

External links edit