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The UEFA Super Cup is an annual football match organised by UEFA and contested by the reigning champions of the two main European club competitions, the UEFA Champions League and the UEFA Europa League. It takes place at the start of the domestic season, in mid-August, normally on a Tuesday.

UEFA Super Cup
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Founded 1972; 45 years ago (1972)
(official since 1973)
Region Europe (UEFA)
Number of teams 2
Current champions Spain Real Madrid (4th title)
Most successful club(s) Spain Barcelona
Italy Milan
(5 titles each)
2017 UEFA Super Cup

From 1972 to 1999, the UEFA Super Cup was contested between the winners of the European Cup/UEFA Champions League and the winners of the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup. After the discontinuation of the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, it has been contested by the winners of the UEFA Champions League and the winners of the UEFA Cup, which was renamed the UEFA Europa League in 2009.

The current holders are Spanish club Real Madrid, who won 2–1 against Manchester United in 2017. The most successful teams in the competition are Barcelona and Italian side Milan, who have won the trophy five times each.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The European Super Cup was created in 1971 by Anton Witkamp, a reporter and later sports editor of Dutch newspaper De Telegraaf. The idea came to him in a time when Dutch total football was Europe's finest and Dutch football clubs were living their golden era (especially Ajax). Witkamp was looking for something new to definitely decide which was the best team in Europe and also to further test Ajax's legendary team, led by their star player Johan Cruyff. It was then proposed that the winner of the European Cup would face the winner of the European Cup Winners' Cup.

 
Older logo
 
First version of the current logo, with older UEFA logo, used until 2012.

All was set for a new competition to be born. However, when Witkamp tried to get an official endorsement to his competition, the UEFA president turned it down.

The 1972 final between Ajax and Scotland's Rangers is considered unofficial by UEFA,[1] as Rangers were banned from European competition due to the behaviour of their fans during the 1972 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup Final. As a result, UEFA refused to endorse the competition until the following season.[2] It was played in two legs and was financially supported by De Telegraaf. Ajax defeated Rangers 6–3 on aggregate and won the first (albeit unofficial) European Super Cup.

The 1973 final, in which Ajax defeated Milan 6–1 on aggregate, was the first Super Cup officially recognised and supported by UEFA.

Although the two-legged format was kept until 1997, the Super Cup was decided in one single match because of schedule issues or political problems in 1984, 1986, and 1991. In 1974, 1981 and 1985, the Super Cup was not played at all.

In the 1992–1993 season, the European Cup was renamed the UEFA Champions League and the winners of this competition would face the winners of the Cup Winners' Cup in the UEFA Super Cup. In the 1994–1995 season, the European Cup Winners' Cup was renamed the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup.

After the 1998–1999 season, the Cup Winners' Cup was discontinued by UEFA. The 1999 Super Cup was the last one contested by the winners of the Cup Winners' Cup. Lazio, winners of the 1998–99 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, defeated Manchester United, winners of the 1998–99 UEFA Champions League, 1–0.

Since then, the UEFA Super Cup was contested between the winners of the UEFA Champions League and the winners of the UEFA Cup. The 2000 Super Cup was the first one contested by the winners of the UEFA Cup. Galatasaray, winners of the 1999–2000 UEFA Cup, defeated Real Madrid, winners of the 1999–2000 UEFA Champions League, 2–1.

In the 2009–10 season, the UEFA Cup was renamed the UEFA Europa League and the winners of this competition would continue to face the winners of the Champions League in the UEFA Super Cup.

Chelsea is the first club to contest the Super Cup as holders of all three UEFA club honours, having entered as holders of the Cup Winners' Cup (1998), the Champions League (2012) and Europa League (2013). Manchester United shared this honour in (2017) – courtesy of their UEFA Europa League win.

After 15 consecutive Super Cups being played at Stade Louis II in Monaco between 1998 and 2012, from 2013 onwards, the Super Cup is now played at various stadiums (similar to the finals of the Champions League and the Europa League), starting with the 2013 UEFA Super Cup, which was played at Eden Stadium in Prague, Czech Republic.[3]

Starting in 2014, the date of the UEFA Super Cup was moved from Friday in late August, to Tuesday in mid-August, following the removal of the August international friendly date in the new FIFA International Match Calendar.[4]

VenuesEdit

The competition was originally played over two legs, one at each participating club's stadium, except in exceptional circumstances; for instance in 1991 when Red Star Belgrade were not permitted to play the leg in their native Yugoslavia due to the war which was taking place at the time, so instead Manchester United's home leg was only played. Since 1998, the Super Cup was played as a single match at a neutral venue.[5] Between 1998 and 2012, the Super Cup was played at the Stade Louis II in Monaco. Since 2013 various stadiums have been used.

List of venues since 1998Edit

TrophyEdit

The UEFA Super Cup trophy is retained by UEFA at all times. A full-size replica trophy is awarded to the winning club. Forty gold medals are presented to the winning club and forty silver medals to the runners-up.[11]

The Super Cup trophy has undergone several changes in its history. The first trophy that was presented to Ajax in 1973 and 1974 was extremely large; in fact, it was bigger than the European Cup. This was replaced by a plaque with a gold UEFA Emblem. The next trophy was the smallest and lightest of all the European club trophies, weighing 5 kg and measuring 42.5 cm in height (the UEFA Champions League trophy weighs 8 kg and the UEFA Europa League trophy 15 kg). The new model, introduced in 2006, weighs 12.2 kg and measures 58 cm in height.[12]

Until 2008, a team which wins three times in a row or five in total, receives an original copy of the trophy and a special mark of recognition. Milan and Barcelona have achieved this honour, winning the trophy a total of five times each. Since then, the original trophy is kept exclusively by the European football governing body.

RulesEdit

Currently, the rules of the UEFA Super Cup are the same as any other UEFA club competition. It is a single match final, contested in a neutral venue. The match consists of two periods of 45 minutes each, known as halves. If the scores are level at the end of 90 minutes, two additional 15-minute periods of extra time are played. If there is no winner at the end of the second period of extra time, a penalty shoot-out determines the winner. Each team names 18 players, 11 of which start the match. Of the 7 remaining players, a total of 3 may be substituted throughout the match. Each team may wear its first choice kit; if these clash, however, the previous year's Europa League winning team must wear an alternative colour. If a club refuses to play or is ineligible to play then they are replaced by the second finalist from the competition through which they qualified. If the field is unfit for play due to bad weather, the match must be played the next day.[11]

SponsorshipEdit

UEFA Super Cup's sponsors are the same as the sponsors for the UEFA Champions League. The tournament's current main sponsors are:[13]

Adidas is a secondary sponsor and supplies the official match ball and referee uniform, as they do for all other UEFA competitions. Konami's Pro Evolution Soccer is also a secondary sponsor as the official Super Cup video game.

Individual clubs may wear jerseys with advertising, even if such sponsors conflict with those of the Europa League; however, only one sponsorship is permitted per jersey (plus that of the manufacturer). Exceptions are made for non-profit organisations, which can feature on the front of the shirt, incorporated with the main sponsor, or on the back, either below the squad number or between the player name and the collar.

Media coverageEdit

UEFA packages the UEFA Super Cup match with the UEFA Champions League, so, UEFA Champions League broadcasters are also the official broadcasters of the UEFA Super Cup.

Prize moneyEdit

As of 2012, UEFA awards 2.2 million to the runners-up and €3.2 million to the winners of the Super Cup.[21]

TicketsEdit

60% of the stadium capacity is reserved for the visiting clubs. The remaining seats are sold by UEFA through an online auction. There are an unlimited number of applications for tickets given out. The 5 euro administration fee is deducted from each applicant and there is no limit to the number of applications each individual can make.[22]

Records and statisticsEdit

WinnersEdit

Club Winners Runners-up Years won Years runners-up
  Barcelona 5 4 1992, 1997, 2009, 2011, 2015 1979, 1982, 1989, 2006
  Milan 5 2 1989, 1990, 1994, 2003, 2007 1973, 1993
  Real Madrid 4 2 2002, 2014, 2016, 2017 1998, 2000
  Liverpool 3 2 1977, 2001, 2005 1978, 1984
  Ajax [A] 2 1 1973, 1995 1987
  Anderlecht 2 0 1976, 1978
  Valencia 2 0 1980, 2004
  Juventus 2 0 1984, 1996
  Atlético Madrid 2 0 2010, 2012
  Sevilla 1 4 2006 2007, 2014, 2015, 2016
  Porto 1 3 1987 2003, 2004, 2011
  Bayern Munich 1 3 2013 1975, 1976, 2001
  Manchester United 1 3 1991 1999, 2008, 2017
  Chelsea 1 2 1998 2012, 2013
  Dynamo Kyiv 1 1 1975 1986
  Nottingham Forest 1 1 1979 1980
  Aston Villa 1 0 1982
  Aberdeen 1 0 1983
  Steaua București 1 0 1986
  Mechelen 1 0 1988
  Parma 1 0 1993
  Lazio 1 0 1999
  Galatasaray 1 0 2000
  Zenit Saint Petersburg 1 0 2008
  Hamburg 0 2 1977, 1983
  PSV Eindhoven 0 1 1988
  Sampdoria 0 1 1990
  Red Star Belgrade 0 1 1991
  Werder Bremen 0 1 1992
  Arsenal 0 1 1994
  Real Zaragoza 0 1 1995
  Paris Saint-Germain 0 1 1996
  Borussia Dortmund 0 1 1997
  Feyenoord 0 1 2002
  CSKA Moscow 0 1 2005
  Shakhtar Donetsk 0 1 2009
  Internazionale 0 1 2010

By nationEdit

Performance by nation
Nation Winners Runners-up
  Spain 14 11
  Italy 9 4
  England 7 9
  Belgium 3 0
  Netherlands [A] 2 3
  Germany [B] 1 7
  Portugal 1 3
  Russia 1 1
  Soviet Union [C] 1 1
  Romania 1 0
  Scotland [A] 1 0
  Turkey 1 0
  France 0 1
  Ukraine 0 1
  Yugoslavia 0 1
Notes

Individual recordsEdit

(3 goals each)[28][29]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Club competition winners do battle". UEFA. Retrieved 6 August 2017. 
  2. ^ "Dynamo bring happy memories". BBC Sport. 2001-10-16. Retrieved 2008-03-11. 
  3. ^ Prague celebrates 2013 Super Cup honour
  4. ^ a b c "UEFA EURO 2020, UEFA Super Cup decisions". UEFA.org. Union of European Football Associations. 30 June 2012. 
  5. ^ "UEFA Super Cup: Competition format". UEFA. 31 August 2007. Retrieved 8 December 2008. 
  6. ^ "Wembley, Amsterdam ArenA, Prague get 2013 finals". UEFA.org. 16 June 2011. 
  7. ^ "Georgia's Dinamo Arena embraces UEFA Super Cup 2015". Agenda.ge. 5 March 2014. 
  8. ^ "Milan to host 2016 UEFA Champions League final". UEFA.org. 18 September 2014. 
  9. ^ "FYR Macedonia to host 2017 UEFA Super Cup". UEFA.com. 30 June 2015. 
  10. ^ Tallinn to stage 2018 UEFA Super Cup
  11. ^ a b "Regulations of the UEFA Super Cup 2015-18 Cycle" (PDF). UEFA. March 2015. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  12. ^ "The trophy". UEFA. Retrieved 2 August 2009. 
  13. ^ "UEFA Champions League - UEFA.com". UEFA.com. Retrieved 2 July 2015. 
  14. ^ "Heineken extends as Champions League sponsor". SportsPro. 30 October 2013. Retrieved 30 June 2015. 
  15. ^ "MasterCard renews its UEFA Champions League sponsorship". UEFA. UEFA.org. 2 July 2015. Retrieved 18 July 2015. 
  16. ^ "Champions League: Uefa signs Nissan as new sponsor". BBC News. Retrieved 14 September 2014. 
  17. ^ "PepsiCo partners with Champions League". SportsProMedia.com. 9 June 2015. Retrieved 9 June 2015. 
  18. ^ http://www.sportsbusinessdaily.com/Global/Issues/2015/06/10/Marketing-and-Sponsorship/Pepsi-Champions-League.aspx
  19. ^ "Sony Computer Entertainment Europe extends UEFA Champions League sponsorship". UEFA. UEFA.com. 21 May 2015. Retrieved 30 May 2015. 
  20. ^ "UniCredit renews its UEFA Champions League sponsorship and becomes a new partner of the UEFA Europa League". UEFA.org. 5 June 2015. Retrieved 30 June 2015. 
  21. ^ "UEFA Champions League revenue distribution". uefa.com. UEFA. Retrieved 10 August 2012. 
  22. ^ "UEFA Super Cup ticketing" (PDF). UEFA.com. Retrieved 7 August 2017. 
  23. ^ UEFA.com. "Messi, Alves among Super Cup record-breakers". UEFA.com. Retrieved 2017-10-14. 
  24. ^ UEFA.com. "Messi, Alves among Super Cup record-breakers". UEFA.com. Retrieved 2017-10-14. 
  25. ^ UEFA.com. "Messi, Alves among Super Cup record-breakers". UEFA.com. Retrieved 2017-10-14. 
  26. ^ "Sir Alex Ferguson's UEFA Super Cup regret". manutd.com. 8 August 2017. Retrieved 14 August 2017. 
  27. ^ "European Cups - Performances by Coach". rsssf.com. 10 August 2017. Retrieved 14 August 2017. 
  28. ^ "Messi, Alves among Super Cup record-breakers". uefa.com. 11 August 2015. Retrieved 14 August 2017. 
  29. ^ "UEFA-Supercup » All-time Topscorers » rank 1 - 50". worldfootball.net. Retrieved 14 August 2017. 
  30. ^ FIFA.com (2012-09-05). "Prolific predators, droughts and a drubbing". FIFA.com. Retrieved 2017-10-14. 
  31. ^ "Radamel Falcao 21 things you should know". telegraph.co.uk. 
  32. ^ UEFA.com. "Messi, Alves among Super Cup record-breakers". UEFA.com. Retrieved 2017-10-14. 
  33. ^ "Barcelona 1-0 Shakhtar Donetsk". RTE.ie. 2009-08-28. Retrieved 2017-10-19. 
  34. ^ "Barcelona 5-4 Sevilla (aet)". BBC Sport. 2015-08-11. Retrieved 2017-10-19. 

External linksEdit