PFC CSKA Moscow

Professional Football Club CSKA (Russian: Профессиональный футбольный клуб – ЦСКА, derived from the historical name 'Центральный спортивный клуб армии', English: Central Sports Club of the Army), commonly referred to as CSKA Moscow outside of Russia, or simply as CSKA [tsɛ ɛs ˈka], is a Russian professional football club. It is based in Moscow, playing its home matches at the 30,000-capacity VEB Arena. The club is the 2nd best known part of the CSKA Moscow sports club, following the hockey club.

CSKA Moscow
Club crest
Full nameПрофессиональный
футбольный клуб ЦСКА
Nickname(s)Koni (Horses)
Krasno-sinie (Red-blues)
Armeitsy (Militarians)
Founded27 August 1911; 108 years ago (1911-08-27)
GroundVEB Arena
Luzhniki Stadium (UEFA Champions League matches)
Capacity30,457
OwnerVEB.RF
PresidentYevgeni Giner
Head coachViktor Goncharenko
LeagueRussian Premier League
2019–20Russian Premier League, 4th of 16
WebsiteClub website
Current season

Founded in 1911, CSKA is one of the oldest football clubs in Russia and it had its most successful period after World War II with five titles in six seasons. It won a total of 7 Soviet Top League championships and 5 Soviet Cups, including the double in the last-ever season in 1991. The club has also won 6 Russian Premier League titles as well as record 7 Russian Cups.

CSKA Moscow became the first club in Russia to win one of the European cup competitions, the UEFA Cup, after defeating Sporting CP in the final in Lisbon in 2005.

CSKA was the official team of the Soviet Army during the communist era. Since the dissolution of the Soviet Union it has become privately owned. In 2012, the Ministry of Defence sold all of its shares (24,94%) to Bluecastle Enterprises Ltd,[1] a conglomerate owning 100% of the club since then. On 13 December 2019, state-owned development corporation VEB.RF announced they will take control of over 75% of club shares that were used as collateral by previous owners for the VEB Arena financing.[2] Russian businessman Roman Abramovich's Sibneft corporation was a leading sponsor of the club from 2004 to 2006.

HistoryEdit

Officially, CSKA is a professional club and thus no longer a section of the Russian military's CSKA sports club. The Russian Ministry of Defense is a PFC CSKA shareholder, however, and the central club claims them as their own. The Moscow Army men won their 10th national title back in 2006 and they are one of the most successful clubs in Russian football, having an extensive legacy in Soviet football as well. CSKA won the Soviet championship seven times (1946, 1947, 1948, 1950, 1951, 1970, 1991), silver – 1938, 1945, 1949, 1990, bronze – 1939, 1955, 1956, 1958, 1964, 1965; the Soviet Cup five times (1945, 1948, 1951, 1955, 1991); the Russian Cup in 2002, 2005, 2006, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2013; won the Russian Premier League champions title in 2003, 2005, 2006, 2012–13, 2013–14, 2015–16 finishing second in 1998, 2002, 2004, 2008, 2010 and 2014–15, bronze 1999, 2007, 2012 and the Russian Super Cup in 2004, 2006, 2007, 2009,2012–13. After winning the Soviet championship in 1951, the club started the 1952 championship with 3 wins, but were forced to withdraw from the league as punishment for a disappointing showing of the Soviet Union football team at the Helsinki Olympics.[3] In 2004, the club received a major financial infusion from a sponsorship deal with Sibneft, an oil company owned by Russian billionaire Roman Abramovich. Abramovich did not take an ownership interest in the club, as he was the owner of English Premier League club Chelsea and UEFA rules allow only one club controlled by any one entity (person or corporation) to participate in European club competition in a given season. The partnership with Sibneft lasted until 2006, when VTB became the sponsor of the club. CSKA started 2009 without a shirt sponsor.

 
 
 
 
 
 
СDKA,СDSA

1945,1948,1951,1955 Soviet Cup final.

On 4 November 1992, CSKA qualified for the group stage of the UEFA Champions League which contained only 8 teams after defeating the defending champions FC Barcelona 4–3 on aggregate. They were later eliminated in the Semi-finals after losing to eventual Champions Olympique de Marseille 0–6 at Stade Vélodrome.

2010–presentEdit

On 16 March 2010, CSKA qualified for the quarterfinals of the UEFA Champions League after defeating Sevilla FC 3–2 on aggregate. They were later eliminated from competition by Internazionale, losing by 1–0 scorelines in both Milan and Moscow. On 7 December 2011, CSKA qualified for the knockout phase of the UEFA Champions League after winning crucial 3 points by defeating Internazionale with scoreline 1–2 in Milan.

On 6 October 2016, Finland announced that Roman Eremenko had been handed a 30-day ban from football by UEFA,[4] with UEFA announcing on 18 November 2016, that Eremenko had been handed a two-year ban from football due to testing positive for cocaine.[5]

On 6 December 2016, CSKA announced that manager Leonid Slutsky would leave the club after seven years at the club, following their last game of 2016, away to Tottenham Hotspur.[6] On 12 December, Viktor Goncharenko was announced as the club's new manager, signing a two-year contract.[7] On 21 July 2018, Goncharenko extended his contract until the end of the 2019/20 season.[8] During the summer of 2018 CSKA lost many of its leaders: Aleksei and Vasili Berezutski and Sergey Ignashevich finished their careers as professional players; Alexandr Golovin was bought by AS Monaco; Pontus Wernbloom became a PAOK player and Bibras Natkho went to Olympiacos. However, at the start of that season CSKA showed good results, being at the top-three in Russian champions table and beating Real Madrid in Champions League group stage in both home and away matches (1–0 in Moscow and 3–0 in Madrid).

On 13 December 2019, state-owned development corporation VEB.RF announced they will take control of over 75% of club shares that were used as collateral by previous owners for the VEB Arena financing.[2]

EuropeanEdit

 
CSKA Moscow team in 2011 against PAOK at a UEFA Europa League match
As of match played 7 November 2018
Competition P W D L GS GA %W Notes
European Cup/UEFA Champions League 102 33 24 45 121 153 032.35
UEFA Cup/UEFA Europa League 57 30 13 14 91 50 052.63 Champions (2004–05)
European Cup Winners' Cup / UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 4 2 0 2 5 5 050.00
UEFA Super Cup 1 0 0 1 1 3 000.00 Runners-up (2005)
Total 164 65 37 62 218 211 039.63

CSKA Moscow won their first, and so far only, European competition on 18 May 2005 in Lisbon, Portugal. Sergei Ignashevich lifted the 2005 UEFA Cup after CSKA ran out 3-1 winners over Sporting CP in Sporting's own Estádio José Alvalade stadium. Goals from Aleksei Berezutski, Yuri Zhirkov and Vágner Love saw CSKA become the first Russian club to win a major European title, as well as the first Russian club to complete a treble.

UEFA club coefficient rankingEdit

As of 7 February 2020. Source: [1]
Rank Team Points
30   Sporting CP 48.000
31   Schalke 04 46.000
32   CSKA Moscow 44.000
33   SC Braga 41.000
34   SS Lazio 41.000

NicknameEdit

CSKA was nicknamed Horses because the first stadium was built on the old racecourse/hippodromo in Moscow.[9] It was considered offensive, but later it was transformed into The Horses, and currently this nickname is used by players and fans as the name, along with other variants such as Army Men (Russian: армейцы) and Red-Blues (Russian: красно-синие).

NamesEdit

  • 1911–22: Amateur Society of Skiing Sports (OLLS) (Russian: Общество Любителей Лыжного Спорта)
  • 1923: Experimental & Demonstrational Playground of Military Education Association (OPPV) (Russian: Опытно-Показательная Площадка Всеобуча)
  • 1924–27: Experimental & Demonstrational Playground of Military Administration (OPPV) (Russian: Опытно-Показательная Площадка Военведа)
  • 1928–50: Sports Club of Central House of the Red Army (CDKA) (Russian: Спортивный Клуб Центрального Дома Красной Армии)
  • 1951–56: Sports Club of Central House of the Soviet Army (CDSA) (Russian: Спортивный Клуб Центрального Дома Советской Армии)
  • 1957–59: Central Sports Club of the Ministry of Defense (CSK MO) (Russian: Центральный Спортивный Клуб Министерства Обороны)
  • 1960–: Central Sports Club of Army (CSKA) (Russian: Центральный Спортивный Клуб Армии)

StadiumEdit

 
CSKA Moscow fans

CSKA had its own stadium called "Light-Athletic Football Complex CSKA" and abbreviated as LFK CSKA. Its capacity is very small for a club of its stature; no more than 4,600 spectators. This is one of the primary reasons the club uses other venues in the city. Between 1961 and 2000, CSKA played their home games at the Grigory Fedotov Stadium. In 2007, the Grigory Fedotov Stadium was demolished in 2007, and ground was broken on the club's new stadium Arena CSKA later the same year. During construction of their new stadium, CSKA played the majority of their games at the Arena Khimki and Luzhniki Stadium. After several delays in its construction, Arena CSKA was official opened on 10 September 2016.[10]

On 28 February 2017, CSKA Moscow announced that they had sold the naming rights to the stadium to VEB, with the stadium becoming the VEB Arena.[11]

SupportersEdit

CSKA Moscow Fans maintain good relations with the fans of Serbian FK Partizan and fellow russian fans of Dynamo Moscow.[citation needed]

Famous fansEdit

PlayersEdit

Current squadEdit

 
CSKA captain Igor Akinfeev
As of 1 August 2020[36]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1   GK Ilya Pomazun
2   DF Mário Fernandes
5   DF Viktor Vasin
7   MF Ilzat Akhmetov
8   MF Nikola Vlašić
9   FW Fyodor Chalov
10   MF Alan Dzagoev
13   DF Nikita Kotin
14   DF Kirill Nababkin (vice-captain)
17   MF Arnór Sigurðsson
20   MF Konstantin Kuchayev
22   MF Konstantin Maradishvili
23   DF Hörður Björgvin Magnússon
No. Position Player
25   MF Kristijan Bistrović
27   DF Cédric Gogoua
29   MF Jaka Bijol
35   GK Igor Akinfeev (captain)
42   DF Georgi Shchennikov
62   DF Vadim Karpov
71   DF Nayair Tiknizyan
78   DF Igor Diveyev
98   MF Ivan Oblyakov
99   FW Ilya Shkurin
  FW Timur Zhamaletdinov
  FW Adolfo Gaich

Out on loanEdit

As of 31 July 2020[37]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
  DF Maksim Yeleyev (at Akron Tolyatti until end of 2020–21 season)
  FW Takuma Nishimura (at Vegalta Sendai until 1 January 2021)
No. Position Player
  FW Vitali Zhironkin (at Baltika Kaliningrad until end of 2020–21 season)

Retired numbersEdit

CSKA WomenEdit

CSKA's women's football team was founded in 1990 and competed in Soviet Championship's second level. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union that same year, it registered in the Russian Supreme Division, where it competed for two seasons before it folded.

Following the disbanding of Zorky Krasnogorsk near the end of the 2015 Top Division, FK Rossiyanka filled its vacancy for the next season and the new team was registered as CSKA in the 2016 championship. Its first game, a 1–1 draw against Chertanovo, coincided with the 93rd anniversary of the CSKA's first football match.[38] CSKA ended the championship second-to-last, while Rossiyanka won its fifth title.

In July 2017, during the inter-season summer pause, it became a CSKA official section.[39] Two months later the team won its first title after defeating Chertanovo 1–0 in the Russian Cup final.

Club officialsEdit

Coaching historyEdit

HonoursEdit

DomesticEdit

EuropeanEdit

Non-officialEdit

1994
2007
2010
2013

Notable playersEdit

Had international caps for their respective countries. Players whose name is listed in bold represented their countries while playing for CSKA.

Club recordsEdit

AppearancesEdit

 
Igor Akinfeev is CSKA's most capped player with 584 appearances
As of match played 27 May 2019
Name Years League Cup Europe Other1 Total
1   Igor Akinfeev 2003–present 427 (0) 40 (0) 120 (0) 13 (0) 601 (0)[40]
2   Sergei Ignashevich 2004–2018 381 (35) 39 (6) 111 (5) 9 (0) 540 (46)[41]
3   Vasili Berezutski 2002–2018 376 (9) 40 (0) 105 (4) 10 (0) 531 (13)[42]
4   Aleksei Berezutski 2001–2018 341 (8) 46 (0) 106 (3) 9 (0) 502 (11)[43]
5   Vladimir Fedotov 1960–1975 382 (92) 42 (8) 3 (0) 0 (0) 427 (100)
6   Vladimir Polikarpov 1962 - 1974 341 (75) 38 (8) 4 (0) 0 (0) 383 (83)
7   Deividas Šemberas 2002-2012 254 (1) 37 (0) 70 (0) 6 (1) 367 (2)[44]
8   Elvir Rahimić 2001–2014 240 (6) 36 (0) 64 (0) 7 (0) 347 (6)[45]
9   Alan Dzagoev 2008–present 237 (53) 26 (5) 74 (17) 5 (0) 342 (75)[46]
10   Dmitri Bagrich 1958-1970 313 (1) 18 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 331 (1)[47]
11     Dmitri Galiamin 1981–1991 299 (3) 29 (3) 2 (0) 0 (0) 330 (6)[48]
12   Sergei Semak 1994–2004 282 (68) 25 (9) 21 (6) 1 (0) 329 (84)[49]
13   Volodymyr Kaplychnyi 1966–1975 288 (5) 35 (1) 4 (0) 0 (0) 327 (6)
14     Dmitri Kuznetsov 1984–1991, 1992, 1997–1998 292 (49) 29 (5) 2 (0) 0 (0) 323 (54)[50]
15   Evgeni Aldonin 2004–2013 213 (6) 31 (5) 66 (2) 5 (0) 315 (13)[51]
16   Georgi Shchennikov 2008–present 212 (4) 24 (1) 70 (3) 7 (0) 308 (8)[52]
17   Albert Shesternyov 1959–1972 278 (1) 23 (0) 4 (0) 0 (0) 305 (1)
18   Aleksey Grinin 1939-1952 246 (82) 34 (18) 0 (0) 13 (4) 293 (104)[53]
19   Yuri Chesnokov 1975–1983 252 (72) 35 (14) 2 (1) 0 (0) 289 (87)
20  /  Valeriy Minko 1989–2001 242 (13) 28 (0) 15 (1) 0 (0) 285 (14)[54]

1Includes Russian Super Cup, Russian Premier League Cup and UEFA Super Cup.

Top goalscorersEdit

As of Match played 23 November 2018
 
Vagner Love scored 124 goals in 259 games during his CSKA career
Name Years League Cup Europe Other1 Total
1   Grigory Fedotov 1938–1949 128 (160) 10 (18) 0 (0) 18 (23) 161 (196)[55]
2   Vágner Love 2004–2011, 2013 85 (169) 8 (27) 30 (57) 1 (6) 124 (259)[56]
3   Valentin Nikolayev 1940–1952 81 (201) 23 (36) 0 (0) 14 (16) 118 (253)[57]
4   Aleksey Grinin 1939-1952 82 (246) 18 (34) 0 (0) 4 (13) 104 (293)
5   Vsevolod Bobrov 1945–1949 84 (79) 18 (20) 0 (0) 0 (0) 102 (99)[58]
6   Vladimir Fedotov 1960–1975 92 (382) 8 (42) 0 (3) 0 (0) 100 (427)[59]
7   Vladimir Dyomin 1941-1952, 1954 80 (195) 15 (35) 0 (0) 3 (8) 98 (238)[60]
8   Seydou Doumbia 2010–2014 66 (108) 5 (11) 23 (30) 1 (1) 95 (150)[61]
9   Boris Kopeikin 1969-1977 71 (223) 21 (37) 2 (4) 0 (0) 94 (264)
10   Yuri Chesnokov 1975–1983 72 (252) 14 (35) 1 (2) 0 (0) 87 (289)
11   Sergei Semak 1994–2004 68 (282) 9 (25) 6 (21) 0 (1) 84 (329)[49]
12   Vladimir Polikarpov 1962-1974 75 (341) 8 (38) 0 (4) 0 (0) 83 (383)
13   Valeri Masalitin 1987-1989, 1990-1992, 1993 73 (134) 5 (20) 0 (2) 0 (0) 78 (156)
14   Alan Dzagoev 2008–present 53 (237) 5 (26) 17 (74) 0 (5) 75 (342)[46]
15   Aleksandr Tarkhanov 1976–1984 61 (249) 10 (33) 1 (2) 0 (0) 72 (284)
16   Vladimir Kulik 1997-2001 49 (140) 14 (18) 0 (4) - (-) 63 (162)[62]
17   Ahmed Musa 2012–2016, 2018 48 (135) 6 (15) 7 (32) 0 (2) 61 (184)[63]
18     Igor Korneev 1985–1991 48 (144) 9 (20) 0 (2) 0 (0) 57 (166)
19     Dmitri Kuznetsov 1984–1991, 1992, 1997–1998 49 (292) 5 (29) 0 (2) 0 (0) 54 (323)
20   Yuri Belyayev 1951, 1955-1960 52 (112) 2 (10) 0 (0) 0 (0) 54 (122)

1Includes Russian Super Cup, Russian Premier League Cup and UEFA Super Cup.

ReferencesEdit

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  39. ^ CSKA Moscow
  40. ^ "Igor Akinfeev". pfc-cska.com. PFC CSKA Moscow. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  41. ^ "Sergei Ignashevich". pfc-cska.com. PFC CSKA Moscow. Retrieved 15 August 2018.
  42. ^ "Vasili Berezutski". pfc-cska.com. PFC CSKA Moscow. Retrieved 15 August 2018.
  43. ^ "Aleksei Berezutski". pfc-cska.com. PFC CSKA Moscow. Retrieved 15 August 2018.
  44. ^ "Deividas Šemberas". pfc-cska.com. PFC CSKA Moscow. Retrieved 15 August 2018.
  45. ^ "Elvir Rahimić". pfc-cska.com. PFC CSKA Moscow. Retrieved 15 August 2018.
  46. ^ a b "Alan Dzagoev". pfc-cska.com. PFC CSKA Moscow. Retrieved 15 August 2018.
  47. ^ Dmitriy Bagrich - cska-games.ru
  48. ^ Dmitriy Galyamin - cska-games.ru
  49. ^ a b "Sergei Semak". pfc-cska.com. PFC CSKA Moscow. Retrieved 15 August 2018.
  50. ^ Dmitriy Kuznetsov - cska-games.ru
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  53. ^ "Alexey Grinin". cska-games.ru. cska-games. Retrieved 19 March 2019.
  54. ^ Valeriy Minko - cska-games.ru
  55. ^ Grigory Fedotov's stats in cska-games.ru
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  57. ^ Valentin Nikolayev - cska-games.ru
  58. ^ Vsevolod Bobrov - cska-games.ru
  59. ^ Vladimir Fedorov - cska-games.ru
  60. ^ Vladimir Dyomin - cska-games.ru
  61. ^ "Seydou Doumbia". pfc-cska.com. PFC CSKA Moscow. Retrieved 15 August 2018.
  62. ^ "Vladimir Kulik". pfc-cska.com. PFC CSKA Moscow. Retrieved 15 August 2018.
  63. ^ "Ahmed Musa". pfc-cska.com. PFC CSKA Moscow. Retrieved 15 August 2018.

BibliographyEdit

  • Marc Bennetts, 'Football Dynamo – Modern Russia and the People's Game,' Virgin Books, (March 2009), 0753513196

External linksEdit